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Fifth Anniversary Issue ■ Over 60 New Products — Page Til 


The Macintosh® Magazine February 1989 $5S5 

Canada $4-95 

Illustrator vs. 

The Winner Is . . . 

Writing Tools: 

Spelling Checkers, 
Thesauruses, Dictionaries, 
Outliners, and More 

Guide to Color 
Separations on the Mac 

19 Personal Finance 
Programs Compared 

The Mac’s Fifth Anniversary: 
Back to the Future with 
the Mac Development Team 

Spend sevoiyears 
inside.^le and}ai 

In 1981, Apple approached several major computer in history. To give Macintosh users 
software developers with a radical vision of all the functionality, flexibility and power to 
personal computing. pushproductivitytounheard- 

A vision, it turned out, too | of limits. And to do it with 

radical for most to even accept I a combination of hardware 

But one did. W^'' I software that’s somehow 

To this day over seven I embarrassingly simple to use. 

years later, we suspect the i It happens to be a vision 

other developers are still kick- . ^Rwe still share. Passionately 

ing themselves. - — — — Which is why we’ve cre- 

We, on the other hand, are ated Macintosh applications 

still pushing ourselves. day Macintosh shipped,our software shipped, that have changed the way 

At Microsoft, we shared in Appl^ vision today’s businesses do business, 
to make Macintosh® the most corporately Case in point: Microsoft® Word, quite lit- 

powerful, yet disarmingly friendly, business erally the best-selling Macintosh application 

ever aeated Now, with the new version 40, 
Word users can enjoy true WYSIWYG and 
even easier table generation. 

Microsoft Write gives the casual user a 
great deal of word processing capabilities— 
for not a great deal of money. 

And of course, there’s Microsoft Excel. 
Right now, eight out of . , 

every ten Macintosh 
spreadsheet users are 
using Microsoft Excel. 

The simple truth is, 
for years it’s actually 
been the most power- 
ful argument for buying a Macintosh. 

And speaking of power, until Miaosoft 
PowerPoint® was created, desktop presenta- 
tions didn’t exist Now the person making the 
presentation can actually generate it— from 
overheads to 35mm color slides. Best of all, 
only PowerPoint has built-in color schemes. 
For impact like you’ve never seen. 

And with Microsoft File as your econom- 
ical database, creating professional-quality 
business forms and mailing labels has never 
been faster. Or easier. 

As for Microsoft Works, just think of itas 
the Swiss army knife of business software. 
Works integrates word processing, spread- 

sheets, a database, drawing, even a commu- 
nications tool— all in one versatile package. 

For the developing developer? We cre- 
ated Microsoft QuickBASIC, which basically 
gives you everything you need for quick, effi- 
cient progranming, testing and execution. 

All of which brings us to Microsoft Mail 

and the concept of workgroup computing. 
Mail actually lets you share data, graphics, 
thoughts, whatever— Mac® to Mac, or even 
Mac to PC. 

For more about our Macintosh applica- 
tions and what they can do for you stand- 
abne, and working together, call us at (800) 
541-1261, Dept. 189. 

It’s inside information we think you’ll 
find extremely useful. 


Making it all make sense: 

Customers in Canada, call (416) 673-7638. outside North America. (206) 882-8661. O Copyright 1988 Microsoft Corpo- 
ratkm. All ri^ts reserved. Nlkrosoft. the Microsoft k)^ and IbwerAxnt axe registered trademarks and Making it all niake 
sense is a ti^nurk of Microsoft Corporatioa Macintosh and Mac are registered trademarks of Apple C^putet Inc. 




C^dfiASlC Hbrks 


version 13 

Nobody sells more Macintosh applications than we do. And the only thing more 
impressive than using them alone, is using them together. 


February 1989 The Macintosh® Magazine 


127 Macworld News 


Mac Bulletin 

Late-breaking news. 


Commentary/ Jerry Borrell 

An outsider’s view of Apple on the 
Mac’s anniversary. 





David Bunnell 

The great price hike: smart business 



a slap in the face? 


Steven Levy 

Yet another author tackles the myth 

behind the Mac team. 


How To/ Insights on HyperCard 

On the Cover 


lUiistrator 88 versus 

Ronald War tow 

FreeHand: When the 

Liven any stack with simple but 

two big contenders 

effective graphic effects. 

square off, does one 

emerge as ttje champ 


How To/Quick Tips 

or is it a draw? 

Lon Poole 

Tape backup, tall-adjusted rulers, 
stretching text in PageMaker, and 




How To/Getting Started with 
Electronic Mail 

Jim Heid 

Learn to communicate efficiently. 


New Products 

A quick look at new Macintosh 
hardware, software, and accessories. 



The latest software upgrade news. 


Macworld 1988 Annual Index 


Where to Buy 

Contact information for products in 
this issue. 



• DynaPerspective A 3-D architec- 
tural package from Japan. 

■ Word Publishing Desktop publish- 
ing and word processing software 

■ VideoWorks CD ROM A razzle- 
dazzle display of the Mac’s potential as 
a multimedia playback device with 

■ Desktop Planetarium Voyager soft- 
ware excites astronomers, both lay and 

■ Hackers in Paradise Computer 
jockeys convene at Hackers 4.0. 

Plus, HyperCard book roundup, how 
Macs guide shoppers through Bloom- 
ingdale’s, object-oriented program- 
ming news, and more. 


Enter the Mac Masters 
Art Contest (p. 124), 
and you may win a 
hrand-new Mac II. 


160 Glory Days 

Steven Levy 

It’s the Mac’s fifth anniversary. Where 
are the original creators of the Mac 
now, and what are their insights? 

170 The Reading Edge 


Converting scanned text images into 
editable form is made less mysterious 
in this detailed comparison of eight 
OCR packages, complete with 
extensive benchmark tests. 

180 The Big Match: Illustrator 88 vs. 

Erfert Fenton 

Looking for the best professional 
illustration program? Check out the 
big two. 

188 Beyond Word Processing 

Cheryl Spencer 

Supplement your word processor’s 
power with oudiners, spell checkers, 
thesauruses, and other specialized 
writing programs. 

198 Color Separation Explained 

Steve Roth 

Want to know more about translating 
color images from the screen to the 
page? First in a series of two articles. 

206 Mac-sumhdng Your Money 

Alan L. Slay 

From simple check writing to 
advanced portfolio-management, find 
the personal finance package that best 
meets your needs. 


















Apple Scanner 

Document scanner with software. 


Integrated music software. 

Digital Darkroom 1.0 

Electronic photo retouching. 

High-End Data Acquisition 

MacLab, IDAC/1000, MacAdios II SE. 

NEC SilentWriter LC890 

Laserless PostScript printer. 

Generic CADD Level 1 

2-D CAD program. 

QuickCapture 1.0 

Video frame-grabber hardware and 

Micro Planner 6.1 e 

Project-management software. 

Microsoft QuickBASIC 1.0 

BASIC programming language. 

AppleShare-Compatible File Servers 

AlisaShare and PacerShare. 

Early Reading Software 

Reader Rabbit and Alphabet Blocks. 

Statistical Analysis Software 

StatView SE+ Graphics and Systat. 

TUrbo SE 

SE accelerator and optional adapter for 
the Mac Plus. 

Solitaire Games 

Solitaire Royale, Unison Software card 
games, The Solitaire Desk Accessory. 

EndNote 1.0 

Bibliographic reference system. 


Mac II and Mac SE terminal emulation 

The Colony 

3-D graphic adventure game. 

Comment 2.0 

Post-it note-type desk accessory. 

Need some animation 
ideas? You'll find a 
dazzling display of 
them on the Video- 
Works CD ROM — over 
200MB of animation, 
clip art, sounds, and 
more(p. 145). 

Window Shopping 

Three HyperCard stacks and FormSet. 

Macworld 3 



1 . 9" X S'' X 3" Padded Pocket for External 
Disk Drive, Modem, or Accessories. 

2. Padded Compartment for Mouse and Cords. 

3. Padded Compartment fits ANY Extended 

4. Padded Flap separates Hard Disk from 

5. High Density Foam for Maximum 

6. Navy Blue, Platinum Grey. Jet Black or 
Burgundy Cordura*** Nylon Outer Shell 

7. Heavy Duty Metal Hardware Throughout. 

8. Stress Points Cross and Box Stitched for 
Added Support. 

9. Padded Handle for Comfort, features 
Velcro Enclosure. 

10. T Stiff Nylon Webbing Maintains Shape. 

1 1 Shoulder Strap with Slip Stop Pad. 

12. Outer Handle to Assist in Shoulder Carrying. 



For nx)re info 
on our com- 
plete line of 
Luggage Prod- 
ucts. Call or 
write for a free 
Color Brochure 
or for the dealer nearest You. 
IN RA. (215) 524-7277 


P.O. Box 1 56 • EXTON • PA • 19341 

See Us at Macworld Expo 
Booth #1220 Moscone Center 

Circle 385 on reader service card 


Jerry Borrell 

Executive Editor: David Ushijima 
Managiufi Editor: Charles Barren 
Senior Editor: Adrian Mello 
Editorial Manager.- Jane Lagas 
Associate Editors: Deborah Branscum, 

Joe Matazzoni, Tom Moran, 

Carol Person, Cheryl Spencer 
East Coast Editor: Briui Meng 
Senior Production Editor: Luis A. Camus 
Assistant Editors: Calhy E. Abes, Mark Hurlow, 
Mary Margaret Lewis, Suzanne Slefanac, 

Lizji Weiman 

Senior Copy Editor: Ruth Henrich 
Copy Editors: Emily Bower, William Freais, 
Felicity O’Meara, Katherine L. Ulrich, 

O’Brien Young 

Editorial Assistants: Pamela T. Creighton, 

Ann Garri.son 

Editorial Administrative Assistants: Lyn Taylor, 
Joyce C. Ripp 

Contributing Editors: Nancy E. Dunn, 

Erfeit Fenton, Danny Gtxxlman, Rob Hahn, 
Jim Heid, Dave Kosiur, Steven Lev>^ 

David L. Peltz, Lon Poole, Charles Seiter, 
Franklin Tessler, Bruce F. Webster 

Art and Design 
Art Director: Christopher Burg 
Designer: Dennis McLeod 
Associate Art Director. Joanne Hoffman 
Senior Design Associates: Leslie Barton, 

Tom Morgan, Michael Sumner 
Design Associate: Hae Yuon Kim 

James E. Martin 
President and Publisher 
.Macworld Communications 
Steven J. Rosenfield 
.A.s.s(K'iate Publisher 


Senior Production Manager: Anne Foley 
Editorial Production Manager Ellyn L. Hament 
Prcxiuction Editor Susan M. Ford 
Assistant Production Manager 
Claudia Dawn Smukler 
Lead Typesetter Mark L. Duran 
Typesetter: Barbara Tannenbaum 
Advertising Booking Coordinator 
Stephanie Cady 

Advertising Billing Coordinator So Fong Yip 

Marketing and Advertising Sales 

Director of Adi vrtising Sales: 

Patricia .Navone (415/2^3-0505) 

Senior Account Manager/No. California 
(San Francisco): Penny Rigby (415/243-0505) 

No. California (San Jose): Cherie l^ France 

Northwest: Regina T. Salaices (415/243-0505) 
Midwest: Shannon Dolan (312/827-4477) 
Southeast: Kathy Isaacs (404/394-0758) 

New England: ]oan Flynn (508/879-0700) 

Eastern Advertising Manager. Bill Tliompson 

Mid-Atlantic: Annette Bremer (201/967-1350) 

So. California, Southuvst, Texas: 

Usa Hillgren, Cathi Tucker (714/250-1307) 
Mactmrld Catalog: Carol Felde, Niki Siranz 
Director of Marketing Services: Sandi Vargas 


Circulation Dhvetor Daniel Orum 
Circulation Manager Lind.say Davidson 
FulftUment Cixwdinator Evelyn Adenau 
Promotion Coordinator Lori Hitchcock 
Single-Copy Sales Director George Clark 
Single-Copy Sales Rep: Martin Garchar 


Director. Cheryl Woodard 
Manager Ralph Ames 
Market Analyst: Du.sty Roady Pedersen 
Research Assistants: Bill Segovia, Scott Shores 

February 1989 
Volume 6, Number 2 

.UaeuxtHit* (ISSN 0741-86>I7) is published monihly b>' PCW Com- 
municalioas. Inc., 501 Second St., San Francisco, CA 94107. Sub* 
.vripiion rates arc 530 for 1 2 issues, S60 for 24 issues, and SSH) for 
36 iviues. Foreign orders nuust be prepaid in U.S. funds with 
additional [xxstage. Add $16 per ye;ir from Canada and Mexico; 
add SI6 per year for .surface mail or $95 per year for ainnail from 
ail other cuunirics. Second-class postage paid at San Francisco. 
POSTMA.STER; Send address citanges to Maeuxirtd, P.O. Box 
54529. Boulder, CO 80323-4529. For dealer inquiries call 800/621* 
5461. in California 8(X)/52 1*8455. Editorial and business offices: 501 
Second St., San Franciscx>, CA 94107. 415/243-0505. 

For subscriber services call loll*frec 800/525-0643 (in Colorado 
303/447-9330) or w-rite: Subscriber .Serx'ices, P.O. Box 54529. 
Boulder. CO 80322*4529. 

MaeuxirLt is a publication of PCW Communic*ations. Inc. MaeuxtrU 
is an independent journal not affiliatcxi with Apple Computer. Inc. 
arc registered trademarks, and MACUrnTR is a trademark of 
Apple Computer. Inc. Printed in the United States of America. 
Cop>Tighi C 1989 I*CW Communications, Inc. All rights reserved. 
.MaeuxtrUis a member of IDG Oimmunic'ations. the world's largest 
publisher of computer-related information. IDG Communications 
publishes over 80 computer pubikalions in more than 28 major 
countries. Frnirteen million people read one or more IIXi 
Communications publications each month. 

4 February 1989 

Now everyone on even the bluest Macintosh 
network can have the power of modem communication 
for less per Mac than ^e cost of a box of floppy disks. 
Because the Hayes®-compatible NetModem’“ V2400 
can be shared, just like you share a LaserWriteif So 
there’s no need for the cost or complexity of multiple 
modems and phone lines. The NetModem V2400 is easy 
to set up - just plug it in and turn it on. And it’s easy to 
use. You can hear die progress of your call, no matter 
where in your office the NetModem is, because it feeds 
familiar modem sounds back to your own Mac’s 

speaker It also displays a modem front-panel icon, with 
‘LED’ status lights, in your Mac’s menu bar. 

If you’re away from the office, you can call in 
through any ordinary modem and the NetModem V2400 
connects you to the office network. You can access files, 
use TOPS,® AppleShare,® electronic mail, printers or any 
other network resource, just as if you were sitting in front 
of your office Mac. Find out how the NetModem V2400 
can make your Macintosh network more productive. 

Call 1-800-458-3550, or write Shiva, 155 ^cond Street, 
Cambridge, MA 02141. 


by Shiva 

We're Putting Networks To Work* 

frjitmuiiA SclM)nJ»»n3 0>rp<>raUi»n K(tt><rfrd Tradmurl» UyrrUrttrf,AppkShan--App^ 

Circle 421 on reader service card 


PageMaker, Microsoft Excel, Illustrator, 
MultiFinder, and 4th Dimension. The second 
generation of Macintosh software is here now. The 
third generation is already beginning to arrive. 

Your Macintosh SE 
alone can’t keep pace with the 
ever increasing sophistication 
of Macintosh software. 

But it can with a pro- 
ductivity system from Radius. 

Totally compatible 
with your Macintosh SE, from 
its aesthetics to its electronics, 
there’s a Radius System designed for your particu- 
lar working style. 

Our Document Processing System con- 
sists of a 640 X 864 pixel Radius Full Page Display"' 
that lets you work on a virtually paper-like 

Then we add our Radius Accelerator 16™ 
and quadruple the speed of all of your Macintosh 
applications from Ready, Set, Go! to HyperCard. 

Our Professional Publishing System fea- 
tures a 1152 X 864 pixel Radius Two Page Display™ 
Now you’re working right across a double page 
spread or a full-scale B size drawing. 

Then we add our Radius Accelerator 25™ 
and you’re working at six times the speed of a 
Macintosh SE. 

Circle 46 on reader service card 

Which means our Accelerator 25 has you 
roaring along faster than a Macintosh II. 

For Engineering and Design and intensive 
number crunching, we add something even a bit 
more powerful: the MC68881 
mathematical coprocessor. 

It aces floating point 
computations at one hundred 
times the speed of your 
Macintosh SE. Combined 
with the immense canvas of 
the Two Page Display and the 
speed of the Accelerator 25, it takes you to the 
very limits of programs like Excel and MacDraft. 

Both Radius Accelerators offer our innova- 
tive MagicBus™ which allows you to configure your 
Macintosh with either our Full Page Display or 
Two Page Display. So, you can complete your 
Radius System all at once or add the components 
one at a time. 

To see the most powerful and sophisti- 
cated Macintosh software run at its full potential 
on a Macintosh SE, try a hands-on demonstration 
of the Radius System that fits your personal 
working environment. 

Call 1-408-434-1010 for a brochure and the 
name of the authorized Radius dealer nearest you. 

And get the most out of your Macintosh SE 
and its software.Today. And tomorrow. 


Intelligent Hardware™ 

© 1987 R<]diui, Inc. Radius, Radius Full Pane Display, Radius Two Page Display, Radius Accelerator 16, Radius Accelerator 25, Intelligent Hardware and Magic Bits are trademarks of Radius, Inc. 

Microsoft and Excel are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Illustrator is a trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc. Ready. Set. Go! is a trademark of Mon/uman Graf)hics. Inc. Macintosh. HyperCard, and MultiFinder 
are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc MacDraft is a registered trademark of Irmovatic-e Data Design, Inc ‘tth Dimension is a trademark of Acitu. Inc Pagemaker ti a registered trademark of Aldus Corporanon. 

N aked! 

That’s how you leave your 
hard disk without 
The NightWatch„ & MacSafe^ 

S orry to startle you, but the 
naked truth is that if you’re 
not using The NightWatch & 
MacSafe to protect your hard 
disk files, anyone with access 
to your Macintosh can browse 
freely through your files — 
even changing them without 
your knowledge. It could be 

W ith The NightWatch, 
you can shut down your 
hard disk securely when you 
leave the office. The Night- 
Watch stands guard, prevent- 
ing unauthorized access or 
erasure of your hard disk. The 
next morning, start up with 
The NightWatch user disk & 
enter your valid name and 
password. A simple & elegant 
security solution. 

I f you share your Mac during 
the day, MacSafe can help 
you restrict access to individual 
documents & applications. 

With MiicSafe, you create 
folder-like safes and place the 
files in them you want to 
protect. It works much like the 
Finder, so you already know 
how to use it. With MacSafe^s 
true password protection 
system (no encryption re- 
quired), no one can get into 
your safes without the correct 

Simple, familiar, & fast. 

Join our satisfied customers from Fortune 
100 companies, universities, and small 
businesses in protecting your valuable files 
with The NightWatch & MacSafe. 
MacUser magazine said that with MacSafe 
“you can rest assured that your files are in 
safe territory — 4 mice!” 

Want to know more? Call your dealer and 
ask about The NightWatch & MacSafe. 
Or, call us and ask for our free booklet: The 
Naked Truth: Tips & Facts for Hard 
Disk Security, 

Come see 

FolderBOLT i our new password 
9 protection for folders, at the San 
Francisco MacWorld Expo in booth 
931 at Moscone Center. 

Call your dealer or Kent4Marsh Ltd. 


1200 Post Oak Blvd. • Suite 210 • Houston • Texas • 77056-3104 • D0291 AppleLink 

Kent^Marsh Ltd. 

Security Software You Can Count On 


PCW Communications, Inc. 

David Bunnell 

Chainmin & Founder 

Lee Vidmer 

John Griffin 

Vice President 

Janies E. Martin 

Vice President 

Jacqueline Poitier 

Vice President 

Cheryl Woodard 

Vice President 

Andrew Fluegelman 

Founding Editor 


Director of Finance: Vicki Peilen 
Corporate Business Manager: 

Christina W. Spence 
Accounting Manager: Pal Murphy 
Administrative Services Manager: 

Joseph Wollenvveber 

Employee Relations Manager: Shelly Ginenthal 
Technical Services Manager: Wally Clegg 
Assistant to the President (Macworld Communi- 
cations): Susan Miller 

Assistant to the Associate Publisher (Macworld 
Communications): Cynthia J. Meade 

Corporate Development 

Editorial Administrator: Karen Wickre 
Public Relations Manager: Shirley Gines 
Administrative Assistant: Cathleen Brennan 



Circle 261 on reader service card 



Being MORE productive means every- 
thing you plan, write, or present is MORE 
organized. And it shows in everything you do. 

MORE n’s advanced outlining makes it 
easy to capture, plan, and organize ideas into 

clear, action-oriented 
information. Simply 
type in “To-Do” lists, 
project schedules, 
proposals, plans... 
everything. MORE II 
automatically creates the 
outline for you. 

Outlines make MORE II 
productivity easier. Just click^ 
the mouse on any part of 
an outline and get charts 
and slides, instantly. 


• iiMiit«iw«kM»A«vw»9»»ari*oneii 

Customize presentations 
with MORE II’s complete set of 
drawing tools. 


Once you have an outline, 
your art work is done. Because 
with a double-click of the 
mouse, any outline becomes a 
perfectly spaced bullet or 
organization-type chart 
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company logos or art pulled 
in from other programs. Print 
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Click on another outline, add a 
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Add pages, pull in some 
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Now go live. MORE II includes advanced, 
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virtually any projection device. 


For planning, writing, and presentations, 

MORE IT shows results. It’s the only software that 
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For MORE II product 
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trademarks of Symantec Corp.. 10201 Torre Ai'e.. Cupertino. CA 95014 (408) 253-9600. 01988 

Write beautifully with 
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Circle 215 on reader service card 

OUm fvnuy m4 Iwm« 

SiJvcr View 

If your monitor isn’t sharp, even the best ideas look fuzzy. 

That’s why you need to look into ColorMax and 
SilverView for your Mac II and PageView for your Mac SE. 
The new line of monitors from Sigma Designs. 

Designed for engineering workstations, our 19" 
ColorMax delivers 16.8 million colors with knife-edge 
defmition.'Which means your blueprints will now be a lot 
more than just blue. 

For art directors and designers, the 21" flat-screen 
SilverView extends your range with an exact scale two-page 
spread. And your piette with the entire gray scale’s 256 
(Efferent shades. So you’ll never have to leave anything to 
the imagination again. 

Priced less than 11000, our PageView 15" flat-screen 
monitor is clearly one of the most remarkable bargains 
in this industry Ideal for desktop publishing and text 
han^ng it comes with something ingenious 
called Multimode. Enabling you to work in actual 
size or the full 8.5" xll" page. A feature you 
won’t find on monitors costing twice as much. 

Whether you work with words, pictures, 
or words ancl pictures, find out how much more 
expressive you can be with the right screen. 

Call us at (415) 770-0100. 

We’re die difference between an idea that 
looks dull. Aadone 

#i ’Arthur Young 
uses SUM 

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uses SUM 

#2 - Northern Telecom 
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#5 -Apple Computer, Inc. 
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#6 -American President's Co. 
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1^7 - Mastercard 
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AmKA rmos SAFETY IN mmats. 

Symantec Utilities for Macintosh (SUM) is Corporate 
America’s #1 choice for fail-safe hard disk protection. 
Because in addition to six other indispensable utilities, SUM 
features Guardian, the ultimate software for protecting your 
Mac’s hard disk before a crash. Just like an air bag in a car. 


Guardian — protects and restores hard disk data and deleted files. Disk 
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data in case you have a crash before you can install Guardian. Virus Pro- 
tection — protects systems against “viruses.” HD TuneUp"* — optimizes 
hard disks. Symantec Tools — views and edits data and resource forks of 
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Five Mice, MacUser Magazine's Highest Rating * O O 3 3 

Guardian stays out of sight, loading automatically every time 
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. Symantec Corporation, 10201 Torre Avt . . Cupertino, CA 95014. MacZap users call 
fucts are trademarks of their respective holders. 0 1989 Symantec Corporation 

Circle 237 on reader service card 

Mac Bulletin 

Jukebox on Mars 

► Micro Dynamics’ MARS 
(Multiuser Archival and Re- 
trieval System), a net^^^ork- 
based turnkey data-storage- 
and-access system for use 
with the Macintosh, now 
supports the largest storage 
device ever to be connected 
to a Mac — the I6OGB “juke- 
box” optical disk automatic 
changer from Sony. To get 
an idea of how big I6OGB 
is, imagine two thousand 
80MB hard disks — enough to 
store about 80 million pages 
of text. Micro Dynamics in- 
stalled its first jukebox- 
equipped MARS system in 
October 1989. 

The jukebox — also known 
as Writable Disk Autochanger 
model WDA-3000-10— has 
two optical disk drives and 
50 optical disks, which are 
changed by a robot arm. In 
addition to the jukebox, 
MARS works with WORM 
optical disks; other compo- 
nents of the system include 
high-speed scanners, OCR 
text-recognition devices, lo- 
cal area networks, and laser 
printers. For more informa- 
tion, call Micro Dynamics at 



► FoxBase+/Mac, the fast- 
est database-management 
software available for the 
Mac, is now available in a 
multiuser version. FoxBase+/ 
Mac Multi-User provides full 
record- and file-locking on 
AppleShare and compatible 
LANs, including 3Com’s 3+ 
and the soon-to-be-released 
Novell Netware version 2.15. 

Multi-User is completely 
compatible with Apple stan- 
dards and with the methods 
and language syntax used in 
the PC multiuser versions of 
FoxBase+. Users on mixed 
PC and Macintosh netw^orks 
can share the same data, 
index, format, and program 

FoxBase+/Mac Multi-User 
lists for $595. For further 
information, contact Fox 
Software at 419/874-8678. 

Macs to Minis 
to Macs 

► Ideassodates has intro- 
duced its Ideacomm Mac, the 
first communications board 
designed to link a Macintosh 
SE to an IBM System 36/38 
or AS/400 midrange system. 
The new board, which Apple 
expects will help the Mac 
further penetrate organiza- 
tions that use the IBM ma- 
chines, supports bidirectional 
file transfer between the Mac 
and IBM systems. 

The Ideacomm Mac board 
plugs into the SE’s expansion 
slot and connects to the IBM 
System 36, System 38, or AS/ 
400 via twinax or twisted- 
pair cabling. Mac SEs, IBM 
PCs, and PS/2 systems can all 
attach to the midrange sys- 
tem on the same line. 

Users can cut and paste 
data from the minicomputer 
into Mac applications. Idea- 
comm Mac supports Hyper- 
Card XCMDs, allowing users 
to tailor applications to their 
needs. You can run, and 
view, up to four host ses- 
sions simultaneously. 

Ideacomm Mac allows 
printers such as the Image- 

Writer Plus and the Laser- 
Writer to emulate IBM sys- 
tem printers. For remote 
communications, the board 
connects to an IBM 5294 or 
5251 Model 12 cluster 

Slated to ship in January, 
the Ideassociates board re- 
tails for $995 including soft- 
ware. For more information, 
call Ideassociates at 508/663- 

Larger SE Screens 
for Less 

► Mobius Technologies 
believes it has a solution for 
SE users who long for larg- 
er screens but can’t afford 
them. Mobius’s Multiscreen, 
a video board with software, 
lets you attach a wide range 
of inexpensive high-resolu- 
tion monitors to the SE. 

Multiscreen can display 
multiple resolutions on the 
same screen — 640 by 480, 
720 by 540, or 800 by 560 
pixels, all selectable from 
software — ^and redraw the 
display on an external mon- 
itor up to 30 percent faster 
than the SE alone. 

Multiscreen should allow 
users to see almost a full 
page lengthwise for half the 
cost of a typical full-page 

Multiscreen is priced at 
$495. For more information, 
contact Mobius Technologies 
at 415/654-0556. 

New Accelerators 

► A line of accelerator 
boards from Irwin Magnetics, 
the XL, XL 20, and XL 25 

Excelerators, boosts the pro- 
cessing speed of the Mac SE 
by up to eight times. The XL 
doubles the SE’s speed by 
replacing its 8-MHz 68000 
microprocessor with a I6- 
MHz 68000. The XL 20 and 
XL 25 accelerate the SE to 
more than three times faster 
than a Mac II, by replacing 
the 68000 with a 20-MHz or 
25-MHz 68020, respectively. 
Prices for the boards are 
$499 for the XL, $999 for the 
XL 20, and $l600 for the XL 
25. For more information, 
call Iru^in at 313/930-9000. 

New Monitors 

► A host of high-resolu- 
tion monitors have been in- 
troduced recently, and one 
thing they all share is ergo- 
nomic design and a tilt-and- 
swivel base. 

Three of the new monitors 
support the Mac II equipped 
with the standard Mac II 
Video Card at its 640 by 
480 resolution. All three 
are priced well below the 
AppleColor High-Resolu- 
tion RGB Monitor: NEC’s 
MacSync monitor lists for 
$895, Magnavox’s 9CM080 
for $699, and Relisys’s 
RE1475 monitor for $645. 

Another NEC monitor, the 
Multisync 3D, supports the 
Mac II Video Card as well as 
a wide range of display 
modes such as IBM’s 8514 
standard, VGA, PGA, EGA, 
CGA, MDA, and super VGA 
(800 by 600). NEC hopes that 
the MultiSync’s flexibility will 
make it a common choice for 
corporations seeking to stan- 




Mac Bulletin 

dardize; it supports IBM AT, 
IBM PS/2, and Mac II com- 
puters. The list price is 

Relisys is also competing 
for corporate customers who 
use both Macs and PCs. The 
RE1520 monitor is compat- 
ible with the IBM 8514 dis- 
play graphics standard and 
displays an unlimited num- 
ber of colors with a resolu- 
tion of 1024 by 768 pixels. 
The list price is $995. 

Monitemi Corporation has 
introduced its Viking 2 19- 
inch monitors for the SE and 
the II, which will eventually 
replace the Viking 1. Im- 
provements include easily 
accessible controls and indi- 
cators on the front panel. List 
price is $1995 for mono- 
chrome display on the SE 
and the II, $3045 for gray- 
scale display on the II. 

Personal Computer Periph- 
erals Corporation is market- 
ing the Shadowgraph gray- 
scale monitor, which works 
with the CGC/2 graphics 
board. The Shadowgraph 
provides a screen resolution 
of 1024 by 768 in both 1-bit 
or 8-bit mode, and it is also 
A/UX compatible. The list 
price is $3045. 

For further information, 
contact NEC Home Electron- 
ics at 312/860-9500; Magna- 
vox at 612/521-4499; Relisys 
at 408/945-1062; Personal 
Computer Peripherals Cor- 
poration at 813/884-3092; or 
Moniterm Corporation at 

Hard Disks 

► Crate Technology has 
introduced the InnerCrate 
600, a 600MB internal hard 
disk for the Mac II. Features 
include automatic head park- 
ing and a utility for remap- 
ping defective areas of the 

hard disk. The list price is 

On the external hard disk 
front, NCL America Computer 
Products has introduced a 
line for the Mac II, SE, Plus, 
and 512KE. Capacities of 
these hard disks range from 
30MB to 675MB, and they are 
available as the ExpressDrive 
Series, which fit under the 
Mac, or as the portable Excel- 
Drive Series. Both kinds have 
two SCSI ports so that you 
can daisy-chain multiple hard 
disks for even higher storage 

List prices for the Express- 
Drive series are $875 for 
30MB, $1075 for 50MB, $1775 
for 80MB; for the ExcelDrive 
series, $895 for 30MB, $1095 
for 50MB, $1795 for 80MB, 
$2295 for 150MB, $4395 for 
360MB, and $5195 for 675MB. 

For more information, con- 
tact Crate Technology at 800/ 
543-5808 (nationwide), or 
800/323-9994 (in California), 
or NCL America Computer 
Products at 408/734-1006. 

1280 by 1024 

► Matrox Electronic Sys- 
tems has developed die first 
graphics board for the Mac II 
that can display graphics and 
text at a resolution of 1280 by 
1024 with a choice of 256 
colors from a palette of 16.7 
million. The NG-1281 board 
mns under Apple’s 32-bit 
QuickDraw interface, and 
Matrox is now modifying the 
interface to take advantage 
of the NG-1281’s on-board 
intelligence and graphics 

The board was designed to 
turn the Mac II into a cost- 
effective entry-level engineer- 
ing W'orkstation that can mn 
CAD packages at top speeds. 
For further information, call 
Matrox at 514/685-2630. 

New LAN Options 

► CBIX, producer of the 
LAN operating system Net- 
work-OS, has announced a 
Mac-to-PC LAN interface and 
a CD-ROM Delivery System 
that can be accessed by mul- 
tiple users through CBIX’s 
Network-OS LAN operating 

Network-OS Mac-PC Con- 
nection lets Macintosh users 
am PC applications and 
share PC network resources, 
such as printers and storage 

The Network-OS CD-ROM 
Delivery System enables mul- 
tiple users to access data- 
bases stored on CD ROM 
disks. For further informa- 
tion, contact CBDC at 

Software Piracy 

► Rainbow Technologies is 
shipping a Mac version of its 
Eve copy-protection system, 
which defends developers’ 
software while letting users 
make unlimited backup co- 
pies. Eve consists of a hard- 
ware key and development 
software. Developers use the 
Eve software to set up a se- 
curity system of “locks” in- 
side their applications. 

When an application is 
shipped, the hardware key is 
included. The end user plugs 
the key into the Apple Desk- 
top Bus, where the key can 
open the locks embedded in 
the application. The hard- 
ware sends a “challenge” to 
the lock, which must reply or 
the application halts. 

The backup copies also 
contain tlie softw^are locks, so 
the backups work only when 
the key is installed, which 
prevents piracy. A user can 
transfer the key and software 
to any single Mac SE or 

Mac II. 

Users who buy Eve-pro- 
teaed software from several 
developers can install hard- 
ware keys provided sep- 
arately by each developer. 
Keys will not interfere with 
each other, the company says. 
The Eve system sells to devel- 
opers for $45 each in lots of 
500, or $55 in lots of 100. For 
more information contact 
Rainbow Technologies at 

SBT Announces 
Mac Accounting 

► Major dBase application 
developer SBT Corporation 
says it’s shipping its first 
Macintosh programs, part of 
the new Series Six Plus/Mac 
portion of the SBT Database 
Accounting Libraiy. Created 
in FoxBase+/Mac and fully 
compatible with Database Ac- 
counting Library software run- 
ning on IBM PCs and UNIX/ 
XENIX systems, the first four 
Mac programs are dLedger, 
dinvoice, dStatements, and 
dPayables. Single-user ver- 
sions (scheduled for release 
before the end of 1988) cost 
$395, $295, $100, and $395, 
respectively. Multiuser ver- 
sions, called MultiNet by SBT, 
will ship soon after the multi- 
user version of FoxBase. 

A total of 15 programs, 
all FoxBase versions of exist- 
ing SBT accounting products, 
are planned for Series Six 
Plus/Mac; all will have multi- 
user versions and will offer 
compatibility with the other 
major operating systems run- 
ning SBT accounting soft- 
ware. For more information, 
call SBT Corporation at 
415/331-9900. □ 

14 Fel^niary 1989 

PRESENTING THE WRITEMOVE But it's the only inkjet printer of higher printquality than the Image- 

PORTABLE PRINTER. any size that gives you almost unlim- Writer*ll, for not much more money. 

Most printers are sentenced by ited freedom to reduce and enlarge Which could bring a whole 

theirown sheerbulkto lifelong con- typeand documents. Because ifethe new meaning to the phrase'freedom 
finement on a desktop. only one with outline fonts— imag- of the press.” 

But nowGCCTechnologies”has ing software that provides function- To exercise that freedom, see 
created a printer for the Macintosh* ality otherwise available only with your authorized GCC Technologies 

with considerably more freedom laser printers. dealer for a WriteMove demon- 

than that. It's called WriteMove"*: the As a result, you can use Write- stration. Forthe one nearestyou,call 
"biggesf'printer ever to come in an Move to compose documents with (617) 890-088Q* 

incredibly small package. word processing software like Micro- i 

WriteMove weighs a scant soft® Word, or desktop publishing _\ I 

three pounds. It measures just2"k61^' programs like PageMaker* And then 
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*in Canada. (800) 263*1405 0198U GCC TechrKXogies. inc GCC Technologies arx) WriieMow «t<e uademarks and the GCC Techr>ok>gies logo is a registered trodomork of GCC Technologies. Iry; Maontosh and 
ImageWnter are registered trademarks of Apple Computer. Inc PageMaker is a registered trademark of Aldus Corp Microsoft ts a reg^tered uademark of Microsoft Corp Suggested manufacturerls retail price: $699 



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How Spreadsheets 



A recent tracking study per- 
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Circle 220 on reader service card 



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.Macintosh and AppleTalk are trademarks of Apple Computer. Prices and specifications subject to change without notice. Excerpts reprinted w ith permission of MacVlorld 

Circle 145 on reader service card 

Commentary^erry Borrell 

Outside Looking In 

The fifth anniversary of the Macintosh 

The Macintosh is five years old and, late 
last year, it became the central product line 
of the company. There is no need to ask 
any longer if Apple Computer will makeit 
into the twenty-first century; the question 
now is what the company will look like. So 
rather than make this a paean to the Macin- 
tosh, Tm taking one more opportunity to 
conjecture on Apple itself. Because of the 
frequency with which the company is reor- 
ganized, that’s difficult — but perhaps 
change is the crux of the matter. Surely no 
other company in the Fortune 200 is in 
such a constant state of flux. 

There is a joke at Apple that the com- 
pany’s organization charts are kept in Mac- 
Draw because of the frequent changes. Re- 
cently the company’s reorgs reached the 
nadir when a new organization chart for 
marketing, labeled Step One, was pro- 
duced with the admonition that it only rep- 
resented areas of responsibility and did not 
constitute a true organization chart (or 
words to that effect). It’s getting mighti- 
thick in Cupertino. Time for hip boots? 

Many people have begun to ask 
whether the repeated reorganizations are a 
sign of the company’s ability to adapt in re- 
sponse to rapid growth, or the manifesta- 
tion of a company subject to weak leader- 
ship, power plays, rapid staff turnover, 
and lack of overall direction. John Sculley 
sees the reorgs as the former: planned, dir- 
ected, well-defined events that pave the 
company’s road toward the twenty-first 

Third-party developers, many of 
whom understand the need for growing 
companies to change, have taken to throw- 
ing their hands up. They spend months es- 
tablishing contacts within Apple, only to 
find that these valued sources of informa- 
tion or direction change overnight. Sim- 
ilarly, some Apple managers find them- 
selves in new jobs overnight through 
executive fiat. But that may be preferable to 

the status of those who keep their old jobs 
— one manager told me he had seven 
bosses in two years. An asset to the com- 
pany who has seen too much change, he is 
by turns either enthusiastic or burned out 
and cynical after five years at Apple. 

Such rapid change raises several ques- 
tions: not only whether Apple’s managers 
have the institutional memory to deal ade- 
quately with the company’s developers 
and customers (no, say many), but also 
whether the philosophy of change itself 
has become institutionalized at the 

A Company of Opposites 

Indeed, Apple is a company of oppo- 
sites. For every superlative one can direct 
tow^ard Apple, there is a negative counter- 
part. Those who w’ork for the company 
find it a mecca of high salaries, good bene- 
fits, profit sharing, stock options, fast 
growth, stability (at least compared to a 
small developer), high energy. It offers 
young people tremendous opportunity. So 
it attracts them — and some of them realize 
their dreams. For others it is a sweet- 
scented trap. Once lured in, they are 
caught by the pay and benefits and the life- 
styles those benefits engender, but they 
feel unable to bring their skills to bear in 
ways that can help the company or allow 
them to realize their potential. Many bright 
and capable people believe the system is 
set up to ensure failure. 

Apple is run by consensus. Decisions 
are made at the top, to be certain. But the 
implementation is left to midlevel manag- 
ers. Ambitious managers at Apple find their 
days given over to incessant meetings, forc- 
ing them to set aside their evenings for get- 
ting real work done. Meeting fever leads to 
wasted time, and to decisions that cater to 
the lowest common denominator. Witness 
the debate over who really controls the 
future of favorite projects such as multi- 
media. This project has nearly a dozen 

groups within the company, each with 
some claim to implementing it. 

Consensus-building can lead to real- 
istic goals, broadly understood and sup- 
ported by groups within the company. But 
managers often find themselves at odds 
with their peers who have alternative ways 
to achieve the goals. A group works la- 
boriously toward a consensus, only to have 
its decision second-guessed by others who 
couldn’t make the meeting. Or a dissident 
member effects a pocket veto by avoiding 
a crucial meeting and then announcing 
that the arrived-at decision cannot be im- 
plemented without consideration of other 

Nor do these traits lead to a company 
that makes decisions well — for two years 
Apple did not formally recognize that the 
Macintosh sold into the home. The official 
explanation that Apple did not want the 
Mac to be seen as a home computer came 
at a time when 85 percent of our readers 
had Macintoshes at home. This monolithic 
approach, that “We’ll tell people what we 
want to be the truth because it matches our 
goals,’’ is out of place at a company sup- 
posedly in touch with its market. It was a 
sad irony juxtaposed with the lemming 
campaign. Even today, the company seems 
all too capable of marching to its dogma 
rather than to reality. At a time when many 
have begun to recognize that the future of 
the office is in the home, Apple promotes 
the idea that the Mac is a success in the 
business market. To its credit, the company 
once had a manager for the home-office 

The ability of Apple to believe in itself, 
and its own perception of the truth, is leg- 
endary. Little wonder, then, that even its 
most acute critics seem to have a soft spot 
for the company. An Apple manager once 
said to me, “It’s amazing what you guys in 
the press let us get away with. We’ve made 
some really bad blunders, and no one calls 


Maavorld 19 

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Circle 253 on reader service card 

Commentaryjerry Borrell 

us on it.” If that is a widely held perception 
within Apple, it’s no wonder that execu- 
tives feel they can say what they want. 

On the other hand, Apple will go to 
great lengths to please some groups — such 
as financial analysts. Last fall’s price hike, 
for example, is said to have been based on 
the need to keep Apple’s traditionally high 
profit margins of over 50 percent. Despite 
the price hike, and another increase in 
quarterly revenues, the price of the stock 
dropped to a year low. Was it worth it? 

A Nimble Company? 

Nor does Apple exhibit the suppleness 
of a young, ambitious company, if a $200 
million dollar CPU backlog is any indicator. 
Lethargic might be a more appropriate 
term. Apple seems to be quietly waiting for 
IBM, which is preparing an onslaught 
against the desktop computer, engineering 
workstation, and personal computer mar- 
kets. Not with OS/2, but with a machine 
based on Next’s model of unified printing 
and imaging (PostScript), AIX (IBM’s ver- 
sion of UNIX), and Next’s software archi- 
tecture (NextStep). The great news for 
these markets is that UNIX will be friendly. 
Apple’s HFX utility is a strong, incremental 
step. But IBM will have the equivalent of a 
finder-level implementation of AIX on its 

Many remember the origins of Apple’s 
struggles with UNIX. Chris Espinosa (Ap- 
ple employee number 9), a brilliant young 
contributor to the company, was given the 
task of heading product management for 
A/UX. Simultaneously he was the manager 
for HyperCard. This is an example of the 
company setting up some of its best to fail. 
Espinosa’s contribution to the company is 
one of public record. Setting him up to 
compete against the likes of Bill Joy and 
others who helped to develop UNIX is lu- 
dicrous. The slow development of A/UX at 
Apple reflects more upon management 
than upon the product managers. 

Which raises another question. As the 
company grows, is it building mechanisms 
to allow it to make the right decisions? One 
of the company’s newest buildings houses 
its executive staff: John Sculley, Jean-Louis 
Gassee, Allan Loren, Del Yocam, Deborah 
Coleman, and a host of other VPs. Does this 
improve decision making by bringing to- 
gether key managers who can share infor- 
mation more easily, or does it create an ex- 
ecutive ghetto where upper management 


yifhen it i^mes to 






lnBox~the powerful yet easy to use electronic 
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With InBox electronic mail you can send memos, 
phone messages, files, outlines — even full-scale 
reports and spreadsheets— to any InBox user in your 
company. So, you can share more information and 
meet less often. 

In fact, with the addition of InBox, TOPS now 
offers a total connectivity solution. Whether you're 

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TOPS. Sun and the Sun logo ore registered trodemorks of Sun AAicrosystems, Inc. 0 1988, Sun Microsystems, Inc.TOPS Division. Other bronds and products ore trodemorks of their respective holders. 

Commentary^erry Borrell 


Wang and Macintosh 

VsCom/MacintosI) — ^I'ho industry standard VS 2110 

U'rminal oniulation and file transfer software is now 
available for the Apple Macintosh. 

\’sCom/.Macintosh provides true Wang \’S 2110 terminal 
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interface standard. 

\'sCom connects locally and 
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Wang VS function keys are 
acce.ssible through continuously 
displayed icons, the .Macintosh 
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Powerful Script (lommand 
files can completely automate the Wang VS terminal 

I'wo-way transfer of documents and files between 
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Document conversions include MacWrite, .Micro.soft Word. 
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is isolated from midlevel managers? Two 
years ago you could see Sculley having 
lunch in the cafeteria of the engineering 
building of the company. Does that still 

Until recently Apple had no plan to 
provide for the retirement of its employees. 
Sculley s position was that people don’t re- 
tire from Apple. “They come here and 
spend a few years and then go to other 
places,” he said. Such a theme would be 
anathema at organizations like 3M or IBM 
where the staff is seen as a company’s most 
precious resource. In late October Apple 
did announce a plan to begin contributing 
to the 401(k) plans of its employees. Some 
point out that this is only fair, as the com- 
pany has become tightfisted with stock 

Still, the point has to do with Apple’s 
willingness to invest in people — to train, to 
retrain, to relocate. On the one hand the 
company has Apple University for internal 
training courses, provides for reimburse- 
ment on outside coursework, has coopera- 
tive agreements leading to an MBA with a 
neighboring college, and has management- 
training sessions. Its unique sabbatical, the 
Restart program, provides a six-week vaca- 
tion to people who’ve been employed for 
five years. 

On the other hand I most often hear 
about sabbaticals from people who sa\; 
“Well, if they're going to reorg my position, 
then I might as well just take my sabbatical 
and find a new job when I get back.” There 
is also criticism that the company’s ap- 
proach to management training is a me- 
lange of pop, psycho-social fluff that im- 
parts few skills outside of aerobics and 
supervisory techniques. 

Farewell Developers? 

Another trend at Apple, albeit unwit- 
ting, is that Apple appears to be devouring 
its third-party developers. “I had a pro- 
grammer,” says one developer. “Key archi- 
tect of my product. He just went to work for 
Apple. They doubled his salary. I couldn’t 
begin to compete with that.” This is a fre- 
quently heard story. But as the company 
employee count goes over 11,000, a good 
question is where can Apple find talented 
programmers and engineers if not among 
the developers who know Apple best. It 
could even be beneficial, as Apple absorbs 
engineers from companies that find them- 
selves in a losing battle with the company. 

It gains people who know a great deal 


Circle 160 on reader service card 

22 February 1989 

CAT (AKA Kitty) 

Start with any original image, 
black and white or color. 


. . . enlarge or reduce. . . 


With mouse in hand you have 
micro-control of the contrast, 
brightness and halftoning over 
all or selected parts of the 
image. You can scroll, 
erase, cut, paste, draw... 


Now ThunderScan is zipping 
hack and forth, digitizing 
the image at up to 300 dots 
per inch, in 32 true 
shades of gray. 


Feed it into any ImageWriter 
(except LQ). ThunderScan simply 
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cartridge, so you don't need an 
expensive desktop scanner for high 
quality gray scale scanning. 

When you want to create graphics with y 
Macintosh, there’s no need to pussyfoot 
around with anything less than Thunder- 
Scan. ThunderScan® turns any printed 
image into a detailed, high resolution 


...then print out your finished work on your 
ImageWriter. Or use ThunderScan' s Custom 
PostScript* printing features. Rotations, frames, 
captions, linescreens and other special effects let 
ThunderScan tap the full resolution of 
LaserWriter, producing exquisite graphics. 


You can even send images 
from Mac to Mac hy modem 
or via your AppleFaxI* 

So you see, there are as many ways to scan a cat as you can imagine. As long as you 
have ThunderScan. Just $249 complete. See your Macintosh dealer or contact us. 



Put images into 
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ThunderScan saves in the 
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Macintosh graphic. Then, with a powerful set of 
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the image in a wide variety of ways. 

ThunderScan, as shipped, is compatible with the Macintosh SE, Plus, and 51 2K. 

Use on the Macintosh II requires owr Power Accessory for Macintosh II. Circle 176 on reader service card 

Tbt /oOomtng art trademark <^iht TbuttJtricaa, ThunJtrwart and Iht Thundtrwart logo- ThundrruMtrt. Inc . Mattnluth. AppUfax. ImagtWrUtr and IjutrVrUtr AppU CompuUr, fnc . PooScrift Adoht Inc C 1966. Thunderware. Inc AU ngbu taunmd 

S3 S3 


,a_SU S3 


Commentary>Jerry Borrell 

about Apple s products and markets. Cer- 
tainly as the company includes ever more 
in its System software or announces addi- 
tional peripherals, some developers 
wonder what the future in third-party 
development really is. 

At the same time Apple is creating a 
multitiered organization for its developers. 
With 8000-odd developers of some note, it 
has to find some way to help those who 
can help Apple the most. The evangelist 
group, the group most responsible for aid- 
ing Apple, is now directed by its third man- 
ager in little over a year. Nor is evangelism 
fully staffed. Such turnover is not likely to 
produce the stable, mature, and experi- 
enced management an organization needs. 

Many gifted people are in charge of 
the evangelists — are they provided with 
the environment that will allow them to 
succeed? The complaints about Apple s in- 
frastructure range from the global to the 
minute. The company is willing to provide 
great pay for its staff, but hires insufficient 
administrative staff or secretarial support 
to allow that talented staff to do its job. 

Another internal group, Apple’s Hu- 
man Resources department, is the target of 
a love-hate relationship within the organi- 
zation. On the one hand it’s enlightened: 
recognized for its efforts in minority hir- 
ing, child-care facilities, forw^ard-looking 
policies in areas such as maternity leave, 
and employee advocacy. On the other hand 
it’s the bane of the organization. Rather 
than playing a support role, Apple’s Human 
Resources staff is in many ways a second 
group of managers who focus on how the 
company is working. 

Helpful in an organization run by con- 
sensus, HR often w^orks behind the scenes 
to reconcile opposing groups’ decisions. 
But the group can be troublesome in 
instances w^here its staff may second-guess 
front-line decision makers who are respon- 
sible for the outcome of decisions. Some 
managers find that the group disrupts su- 
pervisor/employee relationships that it un- 
derstands little, effectively depriving man- 
agers of any real authority in a structure 
already lacking in ways to make things 
happen. Worse, the HR staff itself some- 
times gets embroiled in its respective 
groups’ bids for money, employees, 
or control. 


Circle 317 on reader service card 

24 February 1989 


Customer Profile 

Rick Smolan 

Age: Withheld upon request. 

Profession: World class photographer, entre- 
preneur and inspirational force behind the now 
famous Day in the Life of Australia; Day in the Life 
of the Soviet Union; Day in the Life of America— 
you get the picture. 

Hobbies: When he's not taking photos in exotic 
places like Bangkok, Nairobi or Cairo, Rick enjoys 
kicking back, relaxing, and possibly doing some 
serious scanning of articles related to one of his 
favorite subjects— Levitation as practiced by 
Tibetan monks. 

His Page Recognition Software: 

OmniPage, of course. Why else would we have 
him in our ad? According to Rick: "Coordinating 
100 photographers in the Soviet Union for a one 
day photo shoot is no easy task for a small group 
like ours— despite what you hear about glasnost. 
Especially when you have to put an entire book 
together in a matter of weeks. When we're on 
assignment each photographer turns in notes — 
about a given shot — In whatever language he or she 
speaks. You can imagine some of the type styles that 
we have to deal with. When do you guys think 
you'll be able to handle the Cyrillic alphabet?" 

Favorite Quote: Jonathan Seybold summed it 
up best: "OmniPage is the first good reason to buy 
a scanner." 

Things Disliked Most: "Scanner software 
that over promises. Being able to scan any font in 
almost any column format really makes a differ- 
ence. I wish that our photographers had the time 
to submit captions that are 99.9% accurate, or 
even half as reliable as OmniPage" 

Favorite Scan: "I'm developing a library of 
some of my favorite photography articles— serious 
professional stuff— and putting it into files that I can 
get to and use. That's my idea of a meaningful scan." 

Future of Page Recognition: "The idea of 
making computers compatible with paper is long 
overdue. People like myself who are on the move 
need products like this to save time. Everyone could 
stand a few less key strokes. I also see some real 
possibilities for OmniPage in the area of desktop 
publishing. Being able to scan specific sections from 
general publications, even typed notes, provides 
a real benefit to anyone who has to quickly turn 
around a publication. Do you guys think OmniPage 
will ever be able to read my handwriting? Our staff 
would love that." 

Call: 1-800-535-SCAN Or Write: Caere Corporation 100 Cooper Court Los Gatos, CA 95030 

OmniPage U a registered trademark of Caere Corporation. A Day in the Life* is a registered trademark of Collins Publishers, Inc. Special thanks to Rich Smolan. C)1988 Caere Corporati 

Circle 230 on reader service card 

Commentaryjerry Borrell 

Marketing: Apple’s Forte? 

The marketing department at Apple is 
a moving target. I have known so many dif- 
ferent directors and managers at Apple 
over the last three years, that it is truly a 
wonder that the company maintains any 
continuity at all within the group. The staff 
below the level of vice president never 
knows what is going on for longer than a 
few months. Even the vice presidents play 
office musical chairs. No other group in the 
company is so rife with rumors. No other 
group is so often affected by poor morale 
or left without clear goals, spending time 
interviewing for other jobs and speculating 
on who will be doing what, where, and 
when. There is always a reorg under way, 
with promises of more announcements 
later — heaven knows who thinks this is a 
responsible way to treat a large group of 

Apple segment marketing — educa- 
tion, engineering, business, consumer, and 
the home — are now said to be going away, 
to be replaced by regional marketing ef- 
forts. And the regions have recently multi- 
plied from three to five. Is it growth, plan- 

ning, or ill-communicated reshuffling? 
Apple does appear to be building stronger 
relationships with its value-added resellers. 
Still, I receive calls from resellers asking 
me for advice on who they should talk to at 
Apple, or complaining that Apple’s policies 
regarding support, or the company’s deter- 
mination of who qualifies as a VAR, are 
grossly unfair. I patiently explain that I 
work for a consumer magazine, not the 
trade press, and suggest that they contact 
the appropriate group at Apple. 

And the lesson of Apple’s hubris in re- 
gard to its beliefs and goals applies to mar- 
keting efforts as well. I will never forget sit- 
ting in the audience in Tokyo as Apple 
unveiled its desktop publishing push for 
Japan. The Apple speaker was politely but 
firmly asked what made Apple believe that 
it would succeed in Japan with desktop 
publishing as it had in the United States, 
which was the contention of the speaker. 
The response was that, well, Apple had 
done it in the States, Apple would do well 
here. The look on the face of the ques- 
tioner said, “Right. You and the rice farmers 
from Louisiana.” 

A few years ago, on the other side of 
the globe, Apple introduced an innovation 

into European marketing: the AppleCentre 
concept. Apple formed a partnership with 
strategic Apple dealers and funded expan- 
sions to their stores that provided a train- 
ing and demonstration space for Apple and 
third party products. It looked good at 
first. European prices for the Macintosh are 
much higher than here in the United States, 
and the AppleCentres added a touch of 
class to the computer store in keeping with 
the high price tags. Now the owners I have 
talked to say the concept is winding down, 
becoming a financial burden, and no more 
support from Apple is forthcoming. 

Sez Who? 

It’s pretty hard to argue with success, 
and Apple is definitely successful. It is also 
easy to criticize from the outside, but the 
company does have problems as it cele- 
brates the Macintosh’s fifth anniversary. Its 
ownership of the “computer for the rest of 
us” makes us want it to be the best possible 
company at a time when even a casual ob- 
server can see that some blemishes are 
showing up on the Apple. □ 

The difference between 




Announcing a new version of the professional proofreading 
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4»Softuiore® Inc. 

335 East Big Beaver. Suite 207, Troy, Ml 48083 • (313) 528-1950 

Circle 396 on reader service card 

26 February 1989 

an aax)iinting 
solution for everyone 
in the world 

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In the past, companies who selected the Macintosh* for its 
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Introducing the new Database Accounting Library™ for 
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More Business A p plications Than Anyone. 

Designed on the most popular and powerful relational database, 
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Change It To Fit Your Specific Needs. 

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Or adapted to any industry. Over three hundred vertical 
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And because SBT supports the largest network of pro- 
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SBT offers an unprecedented five-year warranty and free MACWORLD 
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For the past eight years, SBT has been providing business 
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^ File Cdtl Company Transactions Maintain | 

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The Business Status Report on the Database Accounting Library is a complete 
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More than accounting, 

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Most presentation software seems to be for people 
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The technology is AutoTemplate!'” 

The program is Aldus® Persuasion™ And 
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Circle 300 on reader service card 


A forum for Macworld readers 

On Accounting 

I was very disappointed with the super- 
ficial manner in which the accounting 
packages were reviewed in your Septem- 
ber 1988 issue [”Who Keeps the Books?”]. 
After reading this article, a novice would 
think that there were numerous accounting 
packages to choose from. As a practicing 
CPA, I can assure you that the current sta- 
tus of Macintosh accounting software is 

Your review stated that a bookkeeper 
would love Insight. I will testify under pen- 
alty of perjury that bookkeepers hate this 
program. Because it saves only a summa- 
rized portion of a transaction — no detailed 
accounting information is stored on hard 


Aba Software's telephotie 7mmber 
(Tvlac Bulletin, September 1988) is 

The telepbo7te 77umber for Lase7‘G7-apbics 
(T^ew Products, October 1988) is 

The correct pho7ie nu777berfor Sphe7'e, 
l7ic., 7naker of Falco7i 2.0 ^Updates, 
Ja7ma)y 1988), is 415/522-3584. 

The telepho7ie 7mmberfor Tec77iar CWhy 
Say No to Backup?" November 1988) is 

The address for Abat on C Getting Started 
with Sca7mers, "Nove77iber 1988) is 
48431 Mil77iont Dr, Fre77iont, CA 94538. 

MacCbimney ("Merry Macmtosh, ” 
December 1988) is available from Silicon 
Co77iforts, 2650 Ba77cr oft Way, #117, 
Berkeley, CA 94704, a7td the $17.95 price 
includes shipping m the Utiited States. 

disk — bookkeepers must review paper 
printouts to find individual entries. No 
wonder the reviewer added that “the series 
will not begin to realize its full potential 
for a couple of years.” 

David R. Satava 
Oakla7id, California 

Design Costs 

Let me begin by applauding Macworld for 
two very w^ell written and informative arti- 
cles (“Is Desktop Publishing Worth It?” and 
“A Halftone Handbook,” October 1988) on 
the limitations and usefulness of desktop 
publishing and digital halftoning on the 
Mac. Both should go a long way toward 
clearing up the confusion and hype that 
currently surround those topics in some 
trade journals and computer magazines. 

Here at ImageSet Design, we found 
the cost-comparative breakdown both in- 
teresting and informative, but we w^ere 
struck — not by the relative cost savings 
that desktop publishing offers in terms of 
setting type — but by how inexpensive the 
designers’ quotes were for design and pro- 
duction costs. We wondered if Frank Lee’s 
comment in “Is Desktop Publishing Worth 
It?” that “some desktop publishers would 
earn more money mowing lawns” might 
not also be applicable to some of the de- 
signers who were quoted. 

Mark U. Beale 

Portlatid, Marne 

Design costs vary widely and the 7‘ates 
quoted in the article were solicited from 
graphic desigtiers. Electronic publishmg 


Macworld 31 



The sensational new disk 
partitioning utility! 

Hard disk makers recognize the need to pani- 
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optimizes and prioritizes a disk.” - Dennis Klaizkin 

Suggested Retail $49.95 

sometimes blurs the distinction betweeyi 
tasks, however, and a clarification is in 
order Although artists' fees were gener- 
ally excluded in the comparisons be- 
tween traditional and desktop costs, in 
the breakdown for the events calendar, 
Pittsburgh To Go, the $2530 fee for half- 
tones included the creation of original Il- 
lustrator art. The publisher of the calen- 
dar, Novus Graphic Communication, 
estimates the cost of the art alone at 
$2000, so desktop publishing actually 
saved about $800. — Ed. 

To the Rescue 

Do you know what it feels like to see the 
message “unrecoverable disk error” on a 
vital and (of course) unbacked-up Micro- 
soft Word file? Where does the average Mac 
user go to get help? Your January 1988 arti- 
cle “HELP!” mentioned that Silicon Beach 
Software in San Diego takes tech-support 
calls for general Mac problems. Well, on 
two recent occasions, Silicon Beach was 
there for me. Ken Jones, among others, an- 
swers the phones, reassures the desperate, 
and is extraordinarily helpful. He even 
called back to check up on me. I feel Sili- 
con Beach and its wonderful staff deserve 
public praise and thanks. 

Carol Piston 

Brooklyn, New York 

Upgrade Questions 

Our company has been using a seven- 
module, Mac-based TOPS system for about 
a year. All seven nodes are registered, but 
we have never received any communica- 
tion or verification from TOPS. 

Three weeks ago, having found our 
TOPS Spool to be incompatible with the 
latest LaserWriter print tool, I requested 
and subsequently received an upgrade 
disk. On the third install, I found garbage 
in the spooler dialog box. A call to TOPS 
produced the response that the new TOPS 
Spool is compatible only with TOPS 2.0 
or later. 

What 2.0? Despite our seven module 
registrations, we Ve never received an up- 
grade notice. Furthermore, it turned out 
that the spooler is not incompatible. It 
works just fine if you use the old dialog box 
button structure and ignore the garbage. 
You can even prep the LaserWriter by click- 
ing on part of the Central Systems message 
that appears in place of the TOPS utility in 
the menu bar. What s going on? 


ALSoft, Inc. / P.O. Box 927, Spring, Texas 77383-0927, (713) 35.3-4090 

MultiDisk. and DiskExpress are trademarks of ALSoft. Inc .Ml other tndcmatks ackn<«Medgetl 

© 1988 ALSoft. bic. 

Circle 202 on reader service card 



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Customer Profile 

Danny Goodman 

Age: 30 something. 

It's hard to tell on guys with beards. 

Profession: Author of the all-time best selling 
book. The Complete HyperCard Handbook^ and 
more recently Uanny Goodman's HyperCard 
Developer's Guide; software developer (Business 
Class and Focal Point II). Described as a genuine 
"Renaissance Man"! 

Hobbies: His idea of a aood time is to scan the 
comprehensive quotes of the great Serbo-Croatian 
poets while enjoying a good glass of Chenin Blanc. 
Napa Valley, of course. He prefers non-computer 
keyooards, like the one on his Bechstein grand 
piano. A compulsive researcher! 

His Page Recognition Software: 

OmniPage, of course. According to Danny: "In 
preparing a book, or working on a special project, 

I need to get at information quickly to avoia dis- 
turbing my work flow. With OmniPage, I can scan 
virtually any font, or font size, in any column format, 
and easily place it into an existing file. I'm building 
a library or articles, relevant to my work, on a vari- 
ety of subjects." 

Favorite Quote: From the New York Times: 
"OmniPage has the potential to do for scanners 
what the Lotus 1-2-3"' spreadsheet did for the sale 
of PC's." 

Things Disliked Most: "Neil Simon plays done 
by actors from California and guys who claim to 
have met with beings from other planets. Most of 
whom also happen to come from California. No 
seriously, what upsets me most is some of the over- 
promising in this industry, especially when it comes 
to page recognition software." 

Favorite Scan: "I'm working on a library of 
articles from magazines and professional journals. 
You might call it the ultimate scan. I want to develop 
a HyperCard front end, and tie it all back to Focal 
Point II, which is really the center of my computing 

Future of Page Recognition: "I hate to type, 
that's why I develop HyperCard products that type 
for themselves. OmniPage helps to eliminate exces- 
sive key strokes. I can relate to that. How else does 
my publisher expect me to get a book out in a mat- 
ter of months? Being able to cut and paste between 
vast libraries of data, extrapolating ideas, is the 
very essence of page recognition. With OmniPage's 
versatility we're not just managing pages any 
longer, but entire blocks of thought. It's a product 
that delivers on the promise of the future— finally." 

OmnilHige i* a regiatered trademark of Caere Corporation. Buaineas Claaa, Focal Point and Focal Point II are trademarks of 
MEDIAGENICThe Complete HyperCard Handbook and Danny Goodmans HyperCard Developer's Guide published by 
Bantam Books, all rights reserved. Special thanks to Danny Gorman and The Half Moon Bay IV>lo Club, for letting us talk to 
him. 01988 Caere Corporation. 

For More Information Write: Caere Corporation 100 Cooper Court Los Gatos, CA 93030 
Or Cali: L800.535-SCAN 


Diagraming and 
Outlining to 
Communicate Ideas 
and Information. 

• Capture ideas quicUy in 
graphic or outline form. 

• Organize and refine infor- 
mation easily and efficiently. 





• Communicate effectively to 
a wide range of audiences. 

• Fully Integrated: change the 
diagram, the outline ch^ges 
also, and vice versa. 

— Reports & Proposals — 
Project Planning & Timelines 
— Outlines — Qiarts & 
Diagrams — Action Items & 
Notes — Managing Meetings 

Inspiration is a neat to take an idea and 
repment it in a visual format. It lets you see 
your ideas, making thm easier to understand" 
—Michael J. m&cINFOWRW 

"Inspiration from Ceres Software offers building 
blocks for creating easy cut and paste diagrams 
and outlines." 



INSPIRATION available now’ for 
only $175. Visa/MC accepted. Call 
(503) 245-9011. PuU-feamred demo 

N*w rroduci 0 «v»lo|Hn*ni: -Usmt't Uu(tln$~ 

I. Utrktl 

A I 

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By far our con< 0 at«on Tr>«.r raw variurr 

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Ceres Software, Inc. 

9498 S.W. Barbur Blvd. #103 
Portland, OR 97219 

Circle 365 on reader service card 

TOPS is fortunate to have an excep- 
tional product. I may even continue to rec- 
ommend it to my clients and contacts — 
with suitable reservations, of course. 

R. D. Keith Boddaert 
Don Mills, Ontario, Canada 

The garbage in the spooler dialog box 
was tracked down to an incompatibility 
with versions of Suitcase earlier than 1.3. 
The problem can be avoided by dragging 
Suitcase out of the System folder before 
installing the TOPS Spooler and dragging 
it back after installation. Future versions 
of TOPS Spooler will look for early ver- 
sions of Suitcase. TOPS recommends up- 
grading to TOPS version 2.0 if users have 
installed System software 5. 0 or higher, 
and the company will notify its entire 
user base when version 2.1 is available. 

(It should have been released by the time 
you read this.) — Ed. 

Two-faced Tip 

In Quick Tips (September 1988), there’s a 
tip on how to simplify printing two copies 
of double-sided output. To achieve the de- 
sired result, however, you must put your 
first stack of assembled pages in the Laser- 
Writer tray faceup, not facedown. 

Phil Russell 
Waldport, Oregon 


This priceless professional tool Is 
yours free. Simply mail the coupon 
below or call Adobe Systems toll- 
free at 800-83-FONTS. 

Adobe, developer of the Adobe’ 
Type Library and PostScripf soft- 
ware, Is the world’s authority on 
electronic publishing. 

This full-color, ITxIST 32-page 
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packed with helpful tips and prob- 
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type and design experts. Plus, it’s 
got samples, interviews and more 
than 300 high-quality Adobe type- 
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how easy it is to publish like a pro 
with your Macintosh' or IBM’ PC 
computer, PostScript printer and 
a little help from Font & Function, 
the Adobe Type Catalog. 

Get yours today. FREE. Just call 
800-83-FONTS. Or write Font & 
Function, P.O. Box 7900, Mountain 
View, CA 94039-7900. 

Adobe ard PoitScript are registered trademarks and 
the Adobe logo and FonlS Funclionttt trademarks of 
Adobe Systems Incorporated. Macintosh is the regis- 
tered trademark ol Apple Computer, Inc. IBM Is Ihe regis- 
tered trademark of International Business Machines. 

To receive your free Font 

& Function Adobe Type 

Catalog, mail to: Font & 

Function. P.O. Box 7900, 

Mountain View, CA 

94039-7900. Please allow company 

4 weeks for delivery. 

I use a □ Macintosh aiBM address city 

PC computer (Check 

appropriate box[es]) state zip phone 

Object Logo Praised 

I enjoyed your October 1988 issue very 
much. Macworld is one of the few maga- 
zines of which I have a complete collec- 
tion, and it is pleasant to observe that the 
quality of the writing has always remained 
high. I particularly liked the article “Get- 
ting Smart” by Dan Shafer, and I was happy 
to see the inclusion of software by Coral 
Software. I have used Coral’s Object Logo 
for more than a year and can highly recom- 
mend it. 

Object Logo is one of the most elegant 
implementations of object-oriented pro- 
gramming (besides being the most accessi- 
ble and inexpensive). It’s simple to use, of- 
fers nearly complete access to the Toolbox, 
and costs less than $150. In more than 12 
months of heavy use. I’ve never had this 
program bomb, and have never found a 
programming task too complex for it to 
handle adequately. And, the few times I’ve 
called Coral to ask about future versions or 
particular implementation features. I’ve 
gotten quick, courteous, and — most im- 
portant — informed and helpful responses 


34 February 1989 

^ To an archiieci, 
fine hairlines like ours 
are pure poetr)'. 

^ Auio*iracing buih 
this banana from a 
scanned-in produce ad. 
In split seconds. 

^ Multi-point bezier 
cur\'cs make drawing a 
bunch easier. Colors are 
added in layers. 

^ Auio-rcsizing 
helped this VP. of Sales 
display the fruits of 
his labor, graphically. 

^ File Edit TeHt Object Layout Effects Macro UJIndoms 88 


continuous color 
blending inspired this art 
director to ne\v heights. 

^ Wliat are mere 
wt>rds compared to 
WmVTC, text with 
special effects? 

^ After he slipped 
aw ay, we added rich 
Postscript* gray scales 
to Koko’s leftovers. 


typesetter, or film printer you want. 

Like we said: go bananas. 

But do it soon. While we’re still throwing in Canvas 2.0 
DA for free. It’s a special desk accessory^ version that puts some 
80% of these features right under your Apple menu. 

And if all this hasn’t convinced you that Canvas 2.0 is the 
drawing program you’ve been waiting for, send us S9.95 to re- 
ceive a fully featured Demo Copy. With which you can finish 
convincing yourself. 

After all, power like this can be very apeeling. 

Canvas 2.0 (including Canvas 2.0 DA) $299.95 

Site licenses avTiilable 

Canvas 2.0 Demo Disk $9-95 

For more information or a demonstration of this or any of Deneba’s 
other products, see your local dealer or call us at 1*800-^CANVAS. In 
Florida, call (305) 594-6965. 

3305 Northwest 74th Avenue, Miami, Florida 33122 
•Read only. 

©1988 Deneba Systems, Inc. 

Ail product names mentioned arc trademarks of their respective holders. 

ow an architect, an MBA, and an art direc- 
tor developed instant talent in precision 
drawing. While Koko developed a mild stomach ache. 

Meet Canvas 2.0. The new top banana. Able to help even 
ordinary^ people draw extraordinary things. 

Easy enough for anyone to master. Except gorillas. 

Use our Bezier curves and smooth polygons to build any 
shape. Add or delete control points and join, split, open or 
close them at will. 

Use Auto-Tracing to save countless hours by converting 
existing bit-mapped images - pictures like clip art or scanned 
graphics - into easily manipulated Canvas 2.0 objects. 

Work across unlimited layers. View, print or save them 
in any combination. Draw in millions of colors, or with 
Postscript* gray scales and patterns. 

Experience heart-stopping accuracy (64,000 DPI) and 
fineness of line (1/1000") . Zoom around from 3% to 3200% of 
original size. Draw continuously up to 9 feet square. Import 
and export freely, using PICT, PICT2, TIFF, MacPaint" or 
MacDraw"* formats. Output to any Mac compatible printer, 


Circle 217 on reader service card 

These unretouclied drawings were created in Canvas 2.0 and output to a Mirrus film printer. 


'7 made $60,000 in 15 
days using the Index 
Program's signals. ” 

Index Program caught Oet 'S7 crash perreellv and slill making inonev. 

Profitable Buy/Sell signals with about 82% accuracy. 

The Right Time™ computerized 
trading system was developed by an ex- 
pert portfolio manager for his own per- 
sonal use. Over the last nine years of in- 
market use the software has been per- 
fected and made easy to use. Now it’s 
available for any smart trader who wants 
to make quick profits from quick deci- 

Not only is The Right Time™ the 
best decision support system ever de- 
vised for traders, it’s the only software 
that analyzes volume/price, support/ 
demand, and global market trends - all at 
the same time. 

Amazingly Precise. 

The Right Time™ programs run on 
IBM (and compatible), Apple II and 
Macintosh personal computers. The 
software is easy to use, amazingly pre- 
cise, and very, very clear in its signals. 

It’s also fast. You can update all of 
your stocks, commodities, indexes or 
mutual funds from Dow Jones in less 
than five minutes per day. 

What’s more, you can play "What If 
games with individual stocks, com- 
modities, indexes, funds or options with 
results in about one second. 


There are four Ri^it Time™ pro- 
grams available to hdp you make the 
right decisions at the right time. 

Stock Program: "The program is 

amazing. Profitable trades have devel- 
(wed out of nowhere!" M.C., brokerage 
firm vice president. 

Index Program: "Computer whiz 

finds program for success. This pro- 
gram really works. " A.G. financial col- 

Futures Program; "Very profitable 
with four out of five winners. Paid for 
itself the first trade." B.L., investment 

Mutual Funds Proimun: "Accu- 
rately picked my last seven profitable 
trades. / couldn't trade without it." 
L.S., individual investor. 

For More Information. 

Call (213) 312-0154 for our free 
twelve page brochure. Each program 
costs $449^, any two $699, any three 
$999, or invest in all four for $1299. 

We also have demos for just $49 
(each) which includes our manual. 


L.D.v3.X. INC. 

The Heller Software I\'t>i)le 

2265 Westwood Blvd., Suite 793, Los Angeles, CA 90064 

* The Index Prognun generated a BUY signal for the OEX for execution on 10/07/88. thus 100 OEX puts with a strike 
price of 255 were purchased on 10/07/88. The profits thru 10/20/88 are approximately SM.OOO. 

I' liliiri* rcsiillN nun \:ir\. 

I lours; am - 5:011 pm I'aciilc riim*. M-F 

Circle 41 on reader service card 

right away without having to wait for a re- 
turn phone call. 

Mark Warriati 

Chicago, Illinois 

Writing on the Wall 

fm an average, obsessed Macintosh de- 
votee who got a Mac 128K in February 
1984. It s been upgraded twice — to a 512K 
and to 1MB. I use it for writing music scores 
for films, letter writing, home accounting, 
BBSs, games, and educational programs. 

We’ve stuck together, my Mac and I, 
but that doesn’t mean that fm happy with 
Apple. When Apple wanted $750 for an up- 
grade to 512K, 1 opened the computer my- 
self, built a multiplexer circuit, and put in 
interchangeable sockets and a new chip, 
for a total cost of $45 and two hours time. I 
felt my friendship with Apple waning, but I 
pushed ahead in my holy trek toward the 
best Mac possible. 

When Apple wanted $1100 to upgrade 
to a Mac Plus, I got it done for $450, SCSI 
port included. Although disillusioned with 
Apple, I continued to save my dollars for a 
Mac II, the ultimate computer. I thought I 
was close until I looked in the newspaper 
on September 17, 1988. Prices are up 29 
percent when they should, in fact, be going 
down. My stomach is still doing flip-flops. 

There’s a lot of grumbling going on 
these days. Many of my fellow musicians 
are turning to Atari. Other users are turn- 
ing to cheaper computers for tasks that the 
Macintosh should dominate. 

Read the writing on the wall, Apple. It 
is the average folks who elect senators and 
presidents, and it’s the average folks who 
make or break a computer company. 

Michael N. Millard 

San Francisco, California 

For David Bunnells thoughts on the sub- 
ject, check out bis column in this issue. 

Fruitless Logo Change 

In your New Products section (October 
1988), you ran an announcement for our 
new ribbon cartridge with a built-in reink- 
er, then called Flying Apple. After sending 
you the information on the cartridge, I con- 
tacted Apple Computer’s legal department 
and asked if they had any objections to our 
using the logo Flying Apple. They faxed me 
a reply within two hours saying that they 
will sue anyone who uses any piece of fruit 


36 February 1989 

At the risk of seeming grandiloquent 


FOR AN\^ Mac owner to settle for abject mediocrht 


Even if \t does come from Microsoft.' 

, t’s quite simple, really. 

All we're saying is that the lim- 
ited scale spell checkers that come 
tacked onto today's word processing 
packages are, in a word, underpowered. 

Oh, they work okay as long as every^- 
one's content to use more or less the 
same words all the time. But then, same- 
ness is not exactly a highly regarded 
concept amongst Macintosh users. 

Thank goodness there’s an alterna- 
tive. A program designed to help you 
forge ahead into brave new worlds of 
verbal individuality. With Merriam- 
Webster at your side. 

Spelling Coach Professional? A 
program applauded regularly over the 
years, by reviewers and users alike. 
Manv felt Coach’s powerful and , 
cleverly interw’oven spell check- 
ing, dictionary definition and 
thesaurus functions were un- 
beatable. Hypertext taken to the 
final frontier. 

Yet our brand new Version 
3.1 proves them wrong. For now, 
we’ve made what was solidly 
hefty utterly gargantuan. 

Consider the following. A 
193,000 word user-amendable 
spelling dictionary' (with medi- 
cal, legal, technical, geograph- 
ical & biographical 

supplements included). 

Plus instant access to Proximity/ 
Merriam-Webster’s Concise 85,000 
word reference dictionary with com- 
plete definitions, hyphenation, uses 
and tenses. 

And a new little something we call 
BigThes" by far the most complete 
electronic thesaurus available today. 
Based on over 100,000 root words from 
the renowned Merriam-Webster The- 
saurus, this 1.4 million word interactive 
thesaurus dwarfs its closest competitor 
by a factor of more than six times. 

Simply install Spelling Coach Pro- 
fessional as a desk accessory - for 
smooth use with over 95% of all Mac 
software including MultiFinder' and 

HyperCard ■ - or use it as the ultimate 
stand-alone batch checker, if you 

Let Coach“ work with you 
interactively (as you type), or use it to 
scan your completed documents at high 
speed, identihing and suggesting cor- 
rections to any grammar or spelling 
problems it encounters. 

You see, despite all its power, we’ve 
made Spelling Coach Professional very' 
easy to get along with. And, once you’ve 
used it. downright impossible to get 
along without. 

To settle for anything less would be, 
inaw'ord, incogitant. 

Spelling Coach Professional " Ver 31 $195.00 
(Harddisk required) 

Site licenses and network 
versions available. 

partpictcitg n I : ocuttnttt 
of unotrtlondlng or Judgmtnt - 
portpIcoclouB aa/ - 
ptrtplcecloutly aov - 
por«p<caclomnot» n 

end 70 degrees.* 


perspicacilu: J mtontng groups 

BigThesaurus'** only 
( required) 

For more information or a demon- 
stration of this or any of Deneba's 
other products, see your local dealer 
or call us at 1-800-622-6827. In Florida, 
call (305) 594-6965. 

3305 74ih Ave., Miami, FI. 33122 

© 1988 Deneba .Systems, Inc. 

All product names mentioned are 
trademarks of their respective holders. 



•gram / < 


Your Typeset Copy Can Look Like Thi 

Your Typeset Copy Can Look Like This 

MacKern is 
a unique and 
useful utility 
for anyone 
with word 
processing or 
desktop publishing. 

With MacKern, you can alter the 
spacing of any pair of letters to any degree that suits you. 

You can then use that kerned font in most programs that allow kerning 
without ever having to change it again— unless you want to! MacKern 
makes your copy crisper, sharper, aesthetically pleasing— and increases 
readability. If you are at all concerned about the appearance of your final 
printout, MacKern can help you achieve professional looking results. 

MacKern can adjust kerning of any pair of letters— by inches, 
picas, or points- simply by clicking on arrows until the desired 
degree of kerning is reached. Additional kerned pairs can be 
readily added and will appear in the kerning table at left. 

For the Macintosh 512KE, Plus, SE, and II. 

$195.00 at your tocal computer store. Or. if 
unavailable, order direct by calling 

TOLL FREE 1-800-877-ICOM 

A must for 
users of word 
or desktop 


648 South Wheeling Road 
Wheeling. IL 60090 

MacKern is a regtslered Irademark oi ICOM SinulatKins. Inc.'© 1988. ICOM Simulations. Inc 

Circle 256 on reader service card 


as a logo for a “computer or computer 
peripheral device.” 

This information came too late to ad- 
vise you not to run the announcement. The 
product is now called Flying Buckeye. 
Thank you. 

Don Casey 
Columbus, Ohio 

Going for Brokerage 

Thank you for Steven Levy’s column [Sep- 
tember 1988] on used Macs and the broker- 
age firm that redistributes this commodity. 
The only bit of information omitted was 
the contact information for these brokers. 
Can you help? 

John Richardson 
RoelandPark, Kansas 

Computer Brokerage, Inc. is located at 
330 W. 42nd St., #2420, New York, NY 
10036, and its phone number is 212/ 
947-7848.— Ed. 

Hot T-Shirts 

Two years ago at the Macworld Expo in 
Boston, I bought a package called T-Shirt 
Factory from an outfit named I/O Design. 
The package contained heat-transfer rib- 
bons that allow Mac-created designs to be 
printed out on regular paper and then 
transferred to a T-shirt by pressing them 
with a hot iron. The system works great 
and I’ve had a lot of fun with it. Can you 
help me get in touch with the I/O folks 

Furman S. Baldwin 
CornwalUon-Hudson, New York 

The ribbon is still available from I/O De- 
sign for $19.95. The address is PO. Box 
156, Exton, PA 19341 y and the phone 
number is 800/24T2122. — Ed. 

Kiwi Lifesaver 

Macworld had information on the Kiwi 
Envelopes program in a recent issue, but 
I can’t find it to save my life. Could you 
please supply the reference? Many thanks. 
Jim Wendel 
via CompuServe 

Kiwi Envelopes was reviewed in June 
1988 and mentioned in **The (D)A TeanY' 
(September 1988). The current version of 
the program is 2. 03 y and it is free. You 


38 Februar>a989 

For a mkrh S9T\ Bk;Thks “ will make 
l:vhry onh of you lindhracuievers om there 


I’HAN Bill BucKuri; 

ou’ve probably seen our 
competitor’s ads. The ones 
touting Wm. E Buckley, Jr.’s fondness 
for their electronic thesaurus. 

“It’s a bloody miracle...,’’ Mr. 
Buckley enthuses. 

Heck. Even Microsoft’ believed 
him enough to include a copy with 
their popular word processor. 


All we can say is “Sorry, Bill.” 
And “Sorry, Microsoft,” too. Appar- 
ently even smart guys like you get 
fooled sometimes. 

Because at 100,000 root words - 
and an utterly humungous 1.4 mil- 
lion combined synonyms, anto- 
nyms, related, compared and con- 
trasted offerings - our BigThes 
weighs in at some times the vo- 
cabulary power of that little pro- 
gram you’re using. 

And ours is the only one based 
on the renowned Merriam-Webster 
Thesaurusf the world’s most 

And the 

only one organized the same way a 
user thinks - by contextual mean- 
ing, instead of by part of speech. 

And the only one that provides 
separate short definitions for every 
meaning group. 

BigThes is very fast: under a sec- 
ond, on average. It’s also very easy to 
use; simply 
double-click on 
any word in your 
open document 

for an instant ' 


It provides 
unlimited cross 
referencing, remembers the last 20 
words you’ve worked with, and sup- 
ports multiple open lookup 

Installed as a desk accessory, 
BigThes is compatible with 

MultiFinder® and HyperCard* and 
works smoothly and simultaneously 
with 95% of all Macintosh* software. 
Including every major word pro- 
cessing or desktop publishing pro- 
gram on the market. 


If how you say what you say is 
important to you, here’s your one 
chance at catching up with Buckley 
before he catches on. 

BigThes. It’s positively the last 
word in words. 

BigThesaurus"^ $99.95 

(Hard disk required) 

For more information or a demonstration of this or 
any of Deneba’s other products, see your local dealer 
or cal! us at l-800-622^827 In Florida, call (305) 

3305 Northwest 74 ihA\-enuc, Miami, Florida 33122 
^ 1988 Dencba Swera, Inc. 

All product names mentioned are trademarks of their re- 
speaivc holders. 

on itie Mac. 

A new window of 



% \ 

AutoCAD* the world-standard 
CAD software, now runs on your 
Macintosh* II. 

Your designs reflect the quality of your 
thinking. And your drawings reflect the 
quality of your designs. Put AutoCAD 
on your Mac II and nothing gets lost in 
the translation. 

AutoCAD’s extensi\^ set of drawing 
tools enhances your productivity. Its 
effectiveness is proven every day by over 
175P00 architectural, civil, construction, 
aerospace, electrical, cartographic, 
facility, industrial, manufacturing and 
mechanical design professionals around 
the world. 

AutoCAD has been refined through 
ten major upgrades. You get menus full 
of powerful, high-precision drawing and 
editing commands, numerous drawing 
entities, and a multitude of easy-to-use 
features. You can window, zoom, fillet, 
scale, layer, annotate and associatively 
dimension, hatch, stretch and scale. And 
a simple click can undo anything or 

" AutoCAD on the Macintosh also sup- 
ports the features that have made Apple 
the acknowledged leader in user inter- 
face design, offering pull-down, tear-off, 
and pop-up menus, 

complete support for Multifinder™ and 
the Mac windowing system, along with 
file dialog boxes to make access to your 
drawing files quick and easy. Clipboard 
support allows the transfer of AutoCAD 
drawings to a wide variety of Macintosh 
applications software. 

A Better Perspective. AutoCAD is an 
advanced three-dimensional modeler 
that helps you solve design challenges 
on your Mac the way you would with 
physical prototypes. AutoCAD makes 
3-D easy with user-defined construction 
planes, dynamic viewing and multiple 

You can also model complex surfaces 
with AutoCAD using sophisticated tools 
such as tabulated cylinders, surfaces of 
revolution, ruled surfaces and Coons 
patches so you can represent surfaces 

For even greater utility, AutoCAD pro- 
vides entity handles that allow external 
applications to associate alphanumeric 
information, such as part numbers and 
capacity ratings, with graphical elements 
in the drawing. This associativity is 
creating an entirely new generation of 
useful third-party applications software. 

A Reflection of You. AutoCAD is an 
open-architecture system 

including AutoLlSR* an embedded 
programming language that lets you 
program AutoCAD to reflect your way of 
doing things. Add your own menus to 
enter your own commands, write macros, 
develop custom symbols and drawing 
functions, or program standard proce- 
dures for document production and 

Hundreds of third-party programmers 
have used AutoLISP to develop entire 
systems that make AutoCAD perfect for 
applications ranging from chemical 
engineering to technical publishing. 
Many of these programs run on the Mac II 
and more are on their way. 

Maintain Your Standards. AutoCAD 
is the most extensively used, most broadly 
supported, widely taught design software 
in the world. AutoCAD is backed by over 
1,400 highly-trained dealers and 150 
Authorized Tfaining Centers in 60 coun- 
tries. \Xfell make sure you get what you 
expect from your CAD investment. That’s 
what standards are all about. 

Opportunity knocks just once. The 
CAD software you standardize on today 
will determine your productivity for 
years to come. To see a demonstration at 
the dealer nearest you, call Autodesk at 
800/445-5415, extension 25, at your 
earliest opportunity. 

'% \ 


Now, Write All %ur Business Letters 
Quickly and Easily with 


Covers all areas of business 


and disk— 
the perfect 
combination for 
the computer i 

Sales and marketing 
Managing your business 
Customer relations 
Credit and collections 

• Internal communications 

• Job search 

> Advertising and public relations 

• Handling customer complaints 

' Personnel relations 
Dealing with suppliers 
' Community service 
' Personal letters 

Nev6r Again Waste Valuable Time Creating Letters from Scratch 

You know how unsettling it can be to start with a blank page every time you 
write a new business letter. And getting a letter to say exactly what you want and 
in just the right tone can be difficult- and time consuming. 

LetterPower puts an end to all these problems. This collection of 400 profes- 
sionally written model letters, memos, press releases, announcements, proposals 
and other documents, written in today's conversational, action’Oriented style, 
covers virtually every business situation. The documents are furnished in a book 
and companion computer disk. The disk (which is not copy protected) contains 
text (ASCII) files of all the letters, usable with any Macintosh word processor. 

Just select the letter you want from the book, using the comprehensive table 
of contents or either of two indexes, and call it up from within your word proces- 
sor. Customize it for your situation and print it out. It's that simple and that quick! 
You’ll save time and write more effective letters. 

Use LetterPower yourself or give it to your secretary or assistant. Just spe- 
cify the kind of letter you want and they can quickly find and adapt it to suit your 
needs. With the helpful comments that accompany each letter, you’ll be sure that 
all essential information will be included. 

Feel Confident Even When You Have to Write Difficult Letters 

• Disagree with a customer’s unjustified complaint-while still keeping him satisfied 

• Tell an employee you’re dissatisfied with his performance -without alienating him 
• Inform a customer of an upcoming price increase -in the 

most positive way JfBSSS^ 

• Send a letter of sympathy to an employee 

• Plus Hundreds More! 

Order LetterPower today by sending a check or money order 
for only $99.95 plus $4.95 shipping. Or charge to your Master- 
Card or Visa by sending complete number and expiration 
date. (Please send full street address. UPS cannot deliver 
to a PO. Box.) 

Round Lake Publishing Co. Dept. MW2 
415 Main St., Ridgefield, CT 06877 
Order Line -(203) 438-5255 

can order it by sending $8 for shipping 
and handling to Kiwi Envelopes Fulfilling, 
Kiwi Software, Inc., 6546Pardall Rd., 
Santa Barbara, CA93117. — Ed. 

Rabbit News 

I have been a Macworld subscriber since 
the premier issue came out in 1984. In- 
deed, I now receive two subscriptions, one 
at home and one at the office. That way I 
can generously loan one, knowing that the 
other remains safe. In recognition of such 
loyalty, I hope you will perform a small 
service for me. 

Could you provide an address for 
Marinell and Robert Harriman, publishers 
of House Rabbit Journal Their publica- 
tion was featured in an article by Joe 
Matazzoni entitled “A Halftone Handbook” 
[October 1988]. My pet minilop rabbit, 
Dave, thought Lillian (with the black ears) 
was quite attractive. I expect that Dave will 
be as loyal a subscriber to House Rabbit 
Journal as I have been to Macworld. 

Sandy Nelson 

TUcson, Arizona 

Macworld received a number of requests 
for information on the journal. To re- 
ceive a sample copy and subscription in- 
formation, write House Rabbit Journal, 
1615 Encinal Ave., Alameda, CA 
94501.— Ed. 

Slots, S’ilVous Plait 

First of all. I’ve had a Mac since the Dark 
Ages back in 1984. The Macintosh is clearly 
superior to any text-based microcomputer. 
No doubts here, but the dream machine 
has yet to come. 

A Mac II has been sitting on my desk 
for a year now and I love it. Still, despite its 
explosive duo of processors, it is some- 
times terribly slo-o-ow, especially when 
doing operations like moving PixelPaint 
color pictures on the screen. What if we 
helped the Mac Toolbox (including Quick- 
Draw) with another microprocessor dedi- 
cated to graphics? We have slots — why not 
use them? I’ve been watching Commo- 
dore’s Amiga and its multiprocessing/multi- 
tasking system. Believe me, the animations 
are very fast and in color, s’il vous plait. 

If Apple really wants to beat the com- 
petition, it’s already got the solution. The 
magic letters are S-L-O-T-S. 

Carlo Casaccia 

Monte Carlo, Monaco 


42 February 1989 

oi nlliPAcE- 


Circle 426 on reader service card 


For More Information Write: Caere Corporation 100 Cooper Court 
Los Gatos, CA 95030 Or Call: 1-800-535-SCAN 

Omnil’kge U a registered trademark of Caere Corporation. MS*DOS and 
MS'Windows are trademark* of Microsoft Corporation. (D1988 Caere Corporation. 

*Regis McKennas exciting new book. Who's Afraid of Big Blue, is available in hardcover and 
published by Addison<Wesley Publishing. (DCopyright 1988. Caere Corporation. All rights reserved. 

Customer Profile 

Regis McKenna 

Age: Old enough to remember the day that Intel 
Corporation was founded. 

Profession: Chairman of Regis McKenna Inc., 
a major marketing company based in "Silicon 
Valley." A general partner in the venture capital 
firm of Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Beyers. Author 
of the Regis Touch and most recently. Who's Afraid 
of Big Blue?* 

Hobbies: Enjoys doing extensive research on 
innovative new technologies. He recently became 
involved in building and archiving an extensive 
database, using state-of-the-art page recognition 

His Page Recognition Software: OmniPage 
of course. According to Regis: "OmniPage repre- 
sents one of the most complete page recognition 
software products; providing incredible flexibility to 
customize data which can be easily accessed later. 
All of a sudden the cost of archiving and retrieving 
data has dropped significantly. The 'Information 
Age' is upon us and we have an exciting new tool." 

Favorite Quote: The New York Times: 
"OmniPage could be the most significant advance 
in personal computing this year." 

Things Disliked Most: "Technology that is not 
easily accessible or powerful enough to serve the 
needs of people." 

Favorite Scan: "I'm using OmniPage to build 
an extensive electronic library that pertains to the 
growth and evolution of technology over the past 
25 years. Being able to scan literally any article, 
regardless of layout or column format, has suddenly 
made this all possible. It's eliminated the labor 
intensive task of data entry. I'll be able to share this 
information with employees, customers and col- 
leagues over time. It's an exciting collection of busi- 
ness case studies for future reference." 

Future of Page Recognition: "OmniPage has 
provided me with the customizable tool that I need. 

I can use the Partial Page feature to scan only that 
text which is relevant to my needs. Having a version 
that runs in MS-Windows should impress those 
who are committed to that environment. What we're 
seeing here is the emergence of a new product 



Your Mac can do astonishing things with 
graphics and text. But as you well know, those 
software applications, 3-D diagrams, and 
bloated data files are eating up storage mega- 
bytes by the bushel. In fact, they’re probably 

dipping into your last 
MB right now. But 
there is a solution. 
The Bernoulli'“ 
storage solution. 

Bernoulli removable 
Disk Cartridges provide infinite 

data storage capacity. BemOUlli OfferS high- 

performance, removable mass storage systems 
for the Mac. Unlimited primary storage systems 
with performance that compares to better hard 
disks (<40msec access time) . And if you already 
have a hard disk, Bernoulli provides infinite 
extended storage capacity. So you can store 
and manage your projects on 20MB removable 
Disk Cartridges easily and inexpensively as you 
see fit. With increased on-line capacity plus 
never-ending additional storage at 
your fingertips. 

BACKUP. Bernoulli also 
provides backup. Wbrking 
backup that can give you an 
immediately usable, identical 
20MB copy of your original in 
under 2 minutes. All in all, your 

Hogs Wreak 
On Unwary U 

Storage-Bitensive ho 
are forcing once high 
users to wallow for vj 
their sviine when har 
Problenis occirj 
when users try to prc 
the pages of their pu 
The graphic images 
meat, bacon or lard t 

:| shre boars can reai\ 
the megabytes, in fai 



FigareA diet 
will continue to be up 
in these megabyte “s 
ino the next century 

. . Bernoulli Cartridges are lightweight 

Bernoulli system can function and durable enough to ship anywhere. 

as your primary storage device and backup 
system all in one. 

SECURITY. Bernoulli Technology' is the 
one data storage technology that’s virtually head- 
crash and disk-contamination free. As 
for durability, Bernoulli Disk Cartridges 
withstand over lOOOGs of shock. They’re 
built to survive the trip across town, or 
across the world. Add to that the physical 
iHT security Bernoulli provides. Wth Bernoulli 
removable Disk Cartridges, you can lock 
your data in a safe or desk drawer, or take 

I M * 

t 5 


) grams 
to store 
:Ks fill up. 

8 pi^ for 
g down 
St one 
s letter 
I easily 
ish offa 
d disk 
Die hog. 
sts pre- 
re users 
heir jowls 

But While megaoyte consum(>- 
tion by pigs has gone nog wid, a 
simple solution is putting users of 
our swne triends back n nog hea- 
ven. It s called Bernoulli. Bernoulli 
gives users endless capacity to 
saieiv store sows And the more 

Piggy Back-up 

Bernoulli is like instant life insur- 
ance for hogs. If a pen full of hogs 
crashes, Bernoull gives you back 
ready-to-use hogs, im mediately. 
Thai's one up on reqular insur- 



lets your 

data with 
PCs and 

it with you. In 
effect, you retain 
absolute control 
ofyour files. And 
what could be 
more secure 
than that? 

CONNECTIVITY. Finally, there’s one more 
Bernoulli benefit you should consider: Bernoulli 
Disk Cartridges are transferable between the 
Macintosh^and PCs and PS/2sr So you can now 
exchange files with the IBM® world as much (or 

as little, for that matter) as you like. Bernoulli 
provides the missing link. What else would 
you expect from the number one company in 
removable mass storage? So roll your megabyte 
hogs and your other storage problems into one 
low-cost solution. Bernoulli Boxes for the Mac 
are available in three models, in 5 V 4 " and 8" 
form factors. For more information, see your 
Iomega Authorized m 
Reseller, or call 

Never ending storage solutions. 

Circle 260 on reader service card 

€>1988 IOMEGA Corporation. IBM is a registered trademark and PS/2 is a trademark of IBM Corporaton. Apple is a registered trademark of. and Macintosh is a trademark licensed to. Apple Computer, Inc. 


Full Impact Reprieve 

While I was pleased in general with Mac- 
world's December 1988 review of Full Im- 
pact 1.0, your evaluation of Full Impact s 
precision compared to Excel 1.5 was inac- 
curate. We replicated Lawrence Stevens’s 
test of taking the square root of 100, then 
squaring the result a large number of 
times, with the following outcome. 

No. of 

Full Impact 1.0 Excel 1.5 



















Full Impact is necessarily more accurate, 
since we have used the IEEE 10-byte ex- 
tended-precision values, while Excel uses 
8-byte double-precision values. Thus, to 
paraphrase Mr. Stevens, if you’re using the 
spreadsheet in precision-oriented scientific 
or engineering applications, you might 
consider that in my text, Full impact, not 

Excel, was more precise by three orders of 

Lane W Freestone 
Ashton-Tate Macintosh Division 
Campbell, California 

We regret that our precision test was 
faulty. Mr. Freestone's figures are essen- 
tially correct. — Ed. 

Covering Your Basics 

Amazing! I paid in excess of $2000 for my 
Mac Plus, ImageWriter II, and a disk drive; 
and Apple did not see fit to include a set of 
dust covers. Buy a $9.95 calculator and a 
plastic dust cover is included. 

My solution — a Radio Shack plastic 
bag for the Macintosh Plus, a “People 
Crackers’’ dog food cardboard box for the 
keyboard, and a used typewriter cover for 
the ImageWriter II. 

Tom Schmitt 
Alexandria, Minnesota 

And disks can be carried and mailed in 
the flat tin boxes in which some cigars are 
packaged. — Ed. 

Required Reading 

J. E. Arcellana’s October 1988 article, “Is 
Desktop Publishing Worth It?,’’ was the best 
discussion I have seen on the value of 
desktop publishing. The author, by using 
examples of actual publications, has clearly 
illustrated the costs involved in undertak- 
ing the various composing chores that gen- 
erate publications. The article should be 
required reading for everyone who is con- 
sidering DTP. 

William H. Eccles 
Columbia, South Carolina 

True Value of DTP 

I enjoyed your article on desktop publish- 
ing (October 1988). However, the writer 
failed to explain the true value of desktop 

The Albany Medical Center’s annual 
report, which was previously produced by 
traditional methods, was destaop pub- 
lished in-house this year. It was produced 
in less time, with more control over its pro- 
duction, and at nearly one-third the cost. 
The publication maintained its quality and 
recently received two national awards. 

The true worth of desktop publishing 


14250 N.W. Science Park Drive • Portland, Oregon 97229 • (503) 626-2291 • Tele.x 4949559 

24 BIT 




See Us at Macworld Expo 
Booth #2206 

Friends, Inc.. 

Circle 68 on reader service card 

46 February 1989 




Over twice 
as fast 






Step a Generation Ahead 

Powerful new Macintosh™ software needs a 
new generation of hardware. Advanced 
graphicsand engineering software now has 
the potential to make your Mac II or Mac llx 
perform like a high-end workstation costing 
$25,000 or more. But softwarealone won’t 
get you the workstation you need — the 
DayStar™ 33/030 Accelerator II™ will 
upgrade your Mac ll/llx hardware into a 
powerhouse workstation, and at a fraction 
of the cost. 

Take Your Mac Past Its Limits 

Complex illustrating, drawing and CAD 
layout is no longer a drag, click and wait. 
With the DayStar 33/030 Accelerator II 
you can increase your Mac ll/llx speed 
from 16 MHz to a blazing fast 33 MHz. 

Other brands and product names are trademarks or registered 
trademarks of their respective holders. Product specifications are 
subject to change without notice. ©1988 DayStar Digital. Inc. 

A state-of-the-art 33 MHz 68030 processor 
adds the power that lets you fly — everything 
runs at well over twice the speed, and up 
to four times faster than your standard 
Mac ll/llx. Kick in the afterburner with the 
optional 33 MHz 68882 math coprocessor, 
or use your existing 16 MHz 68881. 

Plug In and Take Off 

Installation is easy, just like installing SIM Ms. 
Simply unplug the 68020 processor and 
plug the 33/030 Accelerator II right 
in. Don’t change your SIMMs because 
the 33/030 runs at full speed with the 
memory that you have. It’s fully compatible 
with all standard Mac ll/llx software, 
including A/UX™ 

Now shipping! Call our toll-free hotline 
today to receive the name of the 
nearest DayStar dealer. 

1 - 800 - 962-2077 

5556 Atlanta Highway • Flowery Branch, Georgia 30542 • (404) 967-2077 • FAX (404) 967-3018 

Circle 404 on reader service card 

Novell presents a net 
even the pickiest 

Macintosh owners have a reputation for 
being fanatical about their Macs. And rightfully 
so, when you consider the elegance of the 
Macintosh user interface. 

So when Novell set out to network the 
Macintosh with PCs, it was with one clear 
caveat: preserve the Mac environment. Create 
network software that would feel right to the 
pickiest of all Macintosh users. And none are 
pickier than the ones at Apple. 

Full AppleTalk compatibility. Working 
directly with Apple, Novell’s programmers cre- 
ated a version of NetWare® that is compatible 
with the ^pleTalk Filing Protocol (AFP). It’s 

an achievement hailed by j^ple President and 
CEO John Sculley as “a very significant event 
for the industry.” And it means that Mac users 
can now get all the power and flexibility of the 
number one local area network in the world, 
without sacrificing any Macintosh functionality. 

AFP compatibility also means that 
NetWare for Macintosh will be fully compat- 
ible with future Macintosh hardware and 
operating system versions. So you can take 
advantage of new Macintosh product releases 
as soon as they become available. 

Freedom to choose. NetWare for 
Macintosh lets you connect Macs with a 

©1 988 Novell Inc., World Headquarters, 1 22 East 1700 South, Provo, Utah 84601 (801 )379*5900 

InfoWorid. June 20. 1988 

work made to satisfy 
Macintosh user. 

myriad of PC, minicomputer and mainframe 
environments, including OS/2. So you can 
choose the workstation environment that best 
suits your needs while communicating easily 
between dissimilar operating systems and 
sharing files and peripherals. 

You get all the performance, security, 
fault tolerance and functionality of NetWare 
without changing the way you work vrith your 
Macintosh. And you get the power to transpar- 
ently connect to over two million NetWare 
users worldwide. 

To satisfy your need for a powerful 
Macintosh network, plug into NetWare — the 

network that passed the ultimate Mac test 
drive. See your Gold Novell Authorized 
Reseller, or call 1-800-LANKIND. 

For more information, call from your 
modem 1-800-444-4472 (8 bit, no parity, 1 stop 
bit) and enter the access code NVMCl 7. 


For network solutions, 
you should be seeing red. 

Circle 347 on reader service card 



Shot Wm-i*?®!,? i L?omp«sh0d using 

Thedogtightwasacw h ,^tor. 

P51 Mustang F»9^ A. 

written by he chMts, he did 

Hill, Jr. Fof ®'* 'j^ after all”, the lather 
write the program, a 
quipped. a using the two 

Father and a°D^__,rtarstobecon- 

it allow^two Macintosh computers ro 

S.S0O „ The PW*"’ 'S' 

one competit on. The p a ^fte 

"“"ee ’ A ttSfo”aSon .0 he '»■ 

?[lwXln.S a vepev ol Pam..a an- 

two wete ^Htlt pto- 

I'm nn ver sixl 

Bullsay* Software (702) 265-2298 
P.O Drawer 7900 - Incline Village, NV 89450 

P51 Mustang Flight Simulator - $59.95 at your favorite software source 

Circle 429 on reader service card 

MacTUt for the Mac Plus, SE, & m 


W MuntnshSt' 

G=?C 50 TR 0 n .me 

3450 Yankee Drive 

Eagan, MN 35121 

(612) 452-8135 • (800) 888-8458 

• Silky smooth acdjustment. 

• Elevates Mac 4-inches. 

• 360° Rotation an<d 20° Tilt 
to recduce eye, neck, ancd 
back strain with the touch 
of a hand. 

• Models available for Mac II 
and most Large Screen 

• SE simply clips on Base. 

• Available at your nearest 
Authorized Apple Dealer. 

Circle 148 on reader service card 

is found not in the somewhat slight savings 
of having an outside firm produce your 
publication. It is found in bringing the 
equipment and expertise in-house. 

Richard A. Puff 
Albany, New York 

Printer Alternatives 

I was very disappointed with “Printer 
Tools” in the November issue. I found the 
article heavily biased in favor of Apple’s 
overpriced ImageWriters. When I pur- 
chased a printer for my home Mac system, I 
bought a Seikosha SP-ioOOAP. It has a nine- 
pin printhead, as do the ImageWriters, and 
its print quality is better defined, with a 
more sharply chiseled quality. And it came 
with a warranty far superior to that offered 
by Apple. 

At $299, my Epson-Seikosha was al- 
most $200 cheaper than the best price I 
could find for the ImageWriier. It requires 
no special hookup, no special codes, and, 
in the year I have used it, it has never failed 
to accurately translate the code sent by my 
Mac Plus. The Seikosha is somewhat slow^er 
than the ImageWriter II, but w ith Super- 
Spool, I can continue to use my computer 
while it is printing. 

You do your readers a disservice in 
not acknowledging this inexpensive, qual- 
ity alternative to the ImageWriter. 

Robert Greenstreet 
Ada, Oklahoma 

Orphan Scanners 

Our office purchased the LoDown scanner 
in 1987 after we read about it in your maga- 
zine. Now that the company is out of busi- 
ness, we’re faced with the frustrating prob- 
lem of where to turn for upgrades to the 
very buggy software. Do you know of any 
other software that might work with our 
scanner (a Canon IX-12)? 

Duane Wright 
Seattle, Washingtoit 

MacScan Plus by New Image Technologies 
will solve your problem. Its interface! soft- 
ware package generally retails for $648, 
but as a special offer to LoDown scanner 
owners, the package is available for 
$500. The address is 9701 Philadelphia 
a., Lanham, MD 20706, 301/731- 
2000.— Ed. 

Above and Beyond 

A company that goes above and beyond 
deserves recognition. I would like to let 


50 February 1989 

b^oie bas ie 


Introdndng &e^emr Si 
Twice Ibe durafeil^^ 

thaii conventional pp^liy^ 




^ \ 




1 ■ 

eated i 

eries. \ 




Solve Mac problems 

like an expert! 

“1*^ Aid Kit™ fells into that special 
category of ‘must-have’ pirxlucts” 
iMACazine, April ’87). It lets you 
handle every Mac problem from 
difficulties copying files, printing, 
and using Apple'felk networks, to 
recovering lost data from deleted 
or dama^ files and unreadable 

Acclaimed by novice and expert 
alike, the l**Aid Kit is much , 
more than powerful software. 

At its core is a clearly written 
reference manual th^ 

• lists every iinaginable error 

• helps you quickly track 
down solutions to any 

• takes you step-by-step 
throu^ each recovery effort 

• shows you how to avoid 

MMntosh a a traiienvirk Apfile ConcMcr. 

Id Aki s a trakmarfc of 1st Aid Inc. 

“The definitive product for 
troubleshooting on the 
Macintosh™” {Macworld, April 
’87). It “stand[s] head and 
shoulders above any other product 
like it ... I can’t recommend 
l**Aid Kit strongly enough” 
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1st Aid Kit $99.95 

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Circle 60 on reader service card 

We all know backups are nec- 
essary. Without them, you're 
pretty much hoping that your 
hard disk will never, ever crash. 

But let's face it. Backups 
are not exactly fun. 

It's probably 
your 145th fa- 
vorite chore, 
somewhere be- 
tween regrout- 
ing the tile and 
dropping a bowling 
ball on your foot. 

Which explains why our 
Redux'" backup program has 
become so popular these days. It's 
easy-to-use, flexible, and fast. 

Whereas most backup pro- 
grams give you two options (one 
file or the whole thing), Redux 
lets you specify exactly which 
files you want. And when. 
You can then 
automate the en- 
tire process. And 
that saves time. 
Lots of time. 

As a matter 
of fact, MacWorld 
called Redux'almost 
fun backups.' (Sep88) 
Fair enough. 

Redux by Dave Witizler 


publishing inc 

Fora free 'T hate backing up." button, send us a self-addressed stamped envelope. Quantities are limited. 
Reduxisa trademark of Microseeds Publishing. Inc. 4702 N.llcsperides St. .Tampa. FL33614 (813)882-8635 

Circle 366 on reader service card 

you and your readers know about an ex- 
ceptional manufacturer. Almost one year 
ago, 1 purchased an 800K disk drive from 
The Cutting Edge, of Evanston, Wyoming, 
via mail order. In the interim, I replaced my 
512KE with a Mac SE20 and found that my 
old external drive wouldn’t work properly 
with the new Mac. Although I found that no 
upgrade was available for my old drive. 

The Cutting Edge swapped my drive for 
one that is faster and quieter than any I 
have ever seen. I wish all companies could 
be as attentive to our needs as these fine 

Roiiald J. Bobele 

Lofigwood, Florida 

Dictaphone Explained 

In your article, “Coming Soon to a Monitor 
Near You” (September 1988), the word dic- 
taphone is used to describe dictation/tran- 
scription equipment in general. We are 
most grateful to anyone who associates our 
trademark with equipment marketed by 
Dictaphone Corporation. Unfortunately, a 
great many people inadvertently use the 
word dictaphone merely as a synonym for 
such equipment, or to describe the operat- 
ing skills associated with it. We trust you 
will understand our concern that our 
trademark be used properly in view of its 
great value to us. 

Martin D. Wittstem 

Dictaphone Corporatiotr 

Stratford, Connecticut 

We didn't mean to he cavalier in the use 
of your trademark. Please accept our 
apologies. — Ed 

Letters should be mailed to Letters, 
Macworld, 501 Second St., San Francisco, 
CA 94107, or sent electronically to 
CompuServe (703 70, 702) or MCI Mail 
(addressed to Macworld). Include a re- 
turn address. We regret that, due to the 
high volume of mail received, we're un- 
able to respond personally to each letter. 
We reserve the right to edit all letters. All 
published letters become the property of 
Macworld. □ 

52 February 1989 

Dean Gjivovich buys Macintosh memory modules 
for one of the world’s leading advertising agencies. 
And he buys a lot. 

So who does he call? Who else, but the nation’s 
leading supplier of Macintosh memory —Microtech! 

In fact, we supply SIMMs to hundreds of memory- 
hungry companies across the country and through- 
out the world. From Westinghouse and WordPerfect, 
to General Electric and the U.S. Department of Energy. 

They know we’re ready to ship today — in qucintity 
—straight from our inventory of 2 to 8 MB* SIMM 
kits for the Macintosh Plus, SE, and II. 

We test, retest, then torture test each component 
we use. Once a Microtech SIMM leaves the factory, 
it never comes back. 

Best of all, we price our SIMMs aggressively. As 
only the biggest independent suppliers of Macintosh 

memory components can. Which means you get the 
best price possible, every time. 

So if you need memory for your Macintosh — and 
you need it now — do what more and more companies 
are doing every day. Call Microtech, where there’s 
no memory shortage at all. 

29 Business Park Drive, Branford, CT 06405 

1 - 800 - 325-1895 

(203-488-7744 in CT) 

© 1988 Microlech International, Inc. WordPerfect is a registered trademark of WordPerfect. Macintosh Plus. SE. and II are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. 
*8MB kits for Mac II only. Prices and availability subject to change without notice. 

Circle 243 on reader service card 

"I didift think the 
technology had come this far!” 

That’s what a recent nVIEW customer said upon seeing 
his Mac II screen projected on the wall at its full resolu- 
tion and with true Grey-Scale color representation. 

"It’s unbelievahle!” 

nVIEW introduced the world to LCD projection dis- 
plays with the original PC-Magazine Editor’s Choice 

nVIEW has pushed the technology to its current peak 
with the ViewFrame 11+2: 

• Universal Compatibility for long term value: 

• Mac II, SE and Plus 

• PS/2 (VGA, EGA, CGA) 


All cables provided 

• Black on white characters and 20:1 contrast for 
crispness and clarity 

• True Grey-Scale color representation for a life- 
like image 

• 640x480 pbcel resolution for superior graphics 

• Active cooling system for fade-free presentations 

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Circle 136 on reader service card 

Mthis Apple 

and get Madnto^ performance 
wimoutlhe Madntosh price 

We thought it looked like a perfect 
match: the highly efficient lisa and the myri- 
ad of Macintosh software 
solutions. On the one hand, 
there was the lisa, a profes- 
sional business computer 
with an extra-large 12" 

screen, Macintosh graphic interface, familiar 
mouse, easy-to-reach internal components, 
space for an internal hard disk drive, three 
expansion slots, and a numeric keypad on the keyboard. Then there 
was the popularity of the Macintosh Plus, with its amazing capabili- 
ties, functionality and software applications. 

What we did to bring the two together was develop a soft- 
ware program called MacWorks Plus. MacWorks Plus brings 
Macintosh functionality to the 
Dsa, plus compatibility vdth 
every application that runs on the 
Macintosh Plus. With 
Plus, the Lisa can run 
HyperCard, MultiFmder, 

AppleShare, WordPerfect, 

Adobe Illustrator and ^ppi^ MacWorks Plus 

Cricket Draw. (To name a few.) rum the latest Macintosh software. 

How We Support Lisa and MacWorks Plus 

We do a lot more than market the Lisa and MacWorks Plus. 
We offer a complete line of out-of-production, new and used Ptppk 
compatible products. And we are the only company authorized by 

Computer Inc. to sell and service their out-of-production 
equipment. Because of this, we have invested sizeable resources in 
developing improvements for all of the out-of-production and recon- 
ditioned products we sell. Plus, every product that comes fi'om us 
must pass rigorous Apple quality control tests. We also back our 
products with a 30- to 9(klay money-back guarantee. 

Call 1-800-821-3221 for your Apple Lisa 

If you like the capabilities and compati- 
bility of Macintosh, but don’t like the price, 
pick the lisa with MacWorks Plus. To order a 
Lisa, or get a copy of our product catalog, call 
1-800^21-3221 and well send your order out 
today. All major credit cards accepted. 

Remarketing, Inc 

On the surface, this Apple® appears to 
be a flawless, shiny Dsa? But get under its 
skin and you’ll discover Macintosh'" Plus 
capabilities in all their glory. There’s just one 
way this Apple doesn’t measure up to a 
Macintosh. At $995*, the lisa falls impres- 
sively short of a Macintosh price tag. 

Meet the New Lisa with 
MacWorks" Plus 

©1988 Sun Remarketing Inc, RO. Box 4059 Logan Utah 81321. 1^752-7631, FAX 1-801-563-3226 

Circle 186 on reader service card 

Come see the Lisa become a Mac at MacWorld Expo, Booth #5832 (Brooks Hall) 

is here: $3495* 

You have to see it to believe it. 

Fast, efficient, and cr^'stal clear.The DirectPrint non-impact 
page printer uses liquid crystal shutter technology' to 
produce stunning results at an amazingly low price. 

Covering both ends of the spectrum, DirectPrint gives 
you deep velvet blacks on graphic images as well as sharp 
readable text with clearly visible fine lines. 

To stay ahead 
you have to run fester. 

And we do. Depending on the document, our four-MIP RISC 
processor (backed by 3 megabytes of RAM) averages 
speeds five times faster than the competition. Without 
sacrificing precision quality. 

DirectPrint is PostScript^compatible, giving you 
unlimited versatility in creating and 
manipulating text and graphics. 

They do it with mirrors. 

We don’t. 

Electro-photography with a liquid 
crystal shutter array enables the 
DirectPrint to produce exceptional 
resolution at 300 dots per inch. 

Since we do not use rotating 
mirrors and lenses we don’t suffer 
from scanning distortion. You can 
expea consistent quality' from the 
middle of the page to the edges. 

And with fewer mechanical parts 
than conventional laser printers, the ; 

DirectPrint offers greater reliability' 

We won’t weigh you down. 

wouldn’t call it a portable, but at 
35 pounds the DirectPrint is light 

enough to move easily And witli a price of only $3495, 
chances are your office is exactly where you will want to 
move it. 

Worldwide doorstep delivery 
is just a phone call away. 

It’s easy to order a DirectPrint page printer. We welcome 
your MasterCard, Visa, and Ameriam Express. Dial 1-800- 
347-3228 in die US., 415-282-1111 worldwide. 

Our knowledgeable sales staff is on duty' Monday through 
Friday from 8am to 6pm (Pacific Standard Time). 


The proof is in the printing. 

Jasmine Technologies, Inc. 1740 Army Street, San Francisco, CA 94124 
Phone: 415-282-1111 Worldwide. 1-800-347-3228 in US. Fax: 415-648-1625 

ne DirectPrint non-impact page printer works with both Apple and MSIDOS-based 
systems. Weighing only 35.2 pounds, it is 15.7" wide by 13-4" deep by 9.1'' high. 

*110 vT)lt model only 220 volt model slightly higher. ©1988 Jasmine Technologies, lix:. DireaPrini is a trademark of Jasmine Ta'hiwlogies RistScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc 

Circle 102 on reader service card 

David Bunnell 

The Great Price Hike 

Was Apple’s price increase smart business 
or a slap in the face to loyal buyers? 

We Ve recently seen the classic economic 
theory of supply and demand work against 
loyal Macintosh customers, many of whom 
have championed the Mac at their compa- 
nies. Demand for Macintoshes, and in par- 
ticular the Mac II, is at an all-time high. Es- 
timates are that Apple has a $200 million 
backlog in orders for Macs. So what did 
Apple executives decide to do about it? 
Raise prices and increase their profit mar- 
gin, that’s what. What’s wrong with that in 
our capitalist society? (How much time do 
you have?) 

The fact is Apple has never been — 
and hopefully will never become — just an 
ordinary computer manufacturer. Begin- 
ning with the Apple II, and continuing with 
its various Macintoshes, Apple inspired a 
fanaticism among its followers that’s com- 
parable to the fervor one finds at a revival 
meeting. Even in the normally staid corpo- 
rate world, the Macintosh has always been 
more than just a computer — many people 
would rather be phoneless than Mac-less. 
It’s obviously desirable for Apple to main- 
tain this buyer loyalty and competitive 

By discouraging the development of 
Macintosh clones and refusing to license its 
technology, Apple has been in the enviable 
yet risky position of being the sole supplier 
of Macintosh technology. Like IBM main- 
frame customers of old, Apple and Macin- 
tosh buyers have been a captive market. 
Having built their computer systems on a 
Macintosh base, they are totally dependent 
on Apple when it comes to upgrading or 
increasing the number of their desktop 
workstations. As long as the Mac maintains 
its edge, with easy-to-use, graphics-based 

software that can’t be duplicated on the 
IBM platform, Apple can maintain the high- 
est profit margin in the industry. It can de- 
mand, and get, more and more of your 
computing dollars. 

It is particularly discouraging to see 
the 29 percent increase in the price of the 
basic Mac II, which has been Apple’s chief 
weapon in its assault on the business mar- 
ket. Some people say Apple’s move is justi- 
fied by the escalating cost of RAM chips, 
but this just doesn’t compute, since Apple’s 
record-breaking profit margins continue to 
rise. Meanwhile, Apple representatives 
claim that the price hike is not expected to 
lead to a decrease in demand. Talk about 
having it both ways. Surely many SE and 
Plus users who were planning to upgrade 
to the Mac II will delay their purchases. 
Doubtless many first-timers who want to 
come over to the SE are going to have to 
wait while they save more money for the 
higher-priced machine. What else can 
they do? 

In the short term, I don’t expect that 
Apple will pay much attention to criticism 
from any of us about its business policies. 
Fourth-quarter earnings, announced in late 
October, were at an all-time high: $107.9 
million, up 52 percent from the previous 
year, and, of course, Apple stock followed 
suit. You can hardly blame John Sculley and 
crew if they are feeling a little smug right 
now. But don’t you wonder whether Apple 
has lost sight of its corporate mission? Has 
satisfying customers become secondary to 
ingratiating itself with Wall Street? This 
may be the age of high stakes and quick- 
profit investment banking, but I’m con- 
vinced that investor gains made at the ex- 
pense of smaller customers has got to be a 
short-lived phenomenon. 

Even though the Macintosh is unbe- 
lievably popular, the market reality is that 
for every Mac, there are ten DOS-based 
personal computers. This has to be an in- 
credibly tempting market for Macintosh 
software developers. It’s no wonder many 
of them are busily porting the most popu- 
lar Macintosh applications to OS/2. With 
OS/2 just around the corner, now is the 
time for Apple to think about expanding its 
base. Unless this happens, applications that 
are now being pioneered on the Mac will 
debut on IBM PS/2s. The Mac will lose its 
technological edge and Apple will have to 
find new ways to survive — let alone thrive 
— in a very hostile competitive market. 

Listen up, Apple: customer loyalty 
can be a fickle thing. You only have to 
look back to 1982 to see how the IBM PC 
knocked Apple out of the leadership role. 

At that time it looked as if Apple was going 
to have to start producing IBM clones if it 
wanted to survive. 

In the coming months, IBM and its ally 
Microsoft will mount a serious challenge to 
the Mac’s perceived technological edge by 
offering software vendors a much larger 
market. The Mac may suddenly start look- 
ing like an expensive secondary machine. 
Of course, Apple can always reverse itself 
and start lowering prices, but by then it 
may have lost the hearts, minds, and pocket- 
books of many loyal customers. 

Supply and demand may work for or- 
dinary companies, but not for Apple. In the 
final analysis, we users and buyers are Ap- 
ple’s future. I’d rather trust us than an eco- 
nomic theory any day. □ 

Mactv'orld 57 

Now you can draw 
instead of your 


Killer graphics is one of the reasons you bought your Mac® in the first place, right? And just when 
you thought the price of a professional quality art 
package was going through the roof, along comes 
Drawing Table® from Broderbund. A professional 
drawing program with a suggested retail price of 
only $129.95. 


So what could you possibly expect for $129.95? 
Along with a standard set of Macintosh® drawing 
tools, you get an extensive collection of clip art 
libraries. Plus the ability to bind text to curves— 
a feature unheard of at this price. 


You can import PICT, EPS and Paint files, manipu- 
late the art with Drawing Table and then export the 
images as PICT files to other programs. 

• Build your own art from extensive clip art libraries. 

• Custom scaling lets you print drawings up to 14* by 14! 

• Zoom, precision alignment and free rotation in one degree 

• Manages multiple documents easily with ‘‘Project** feature. 

• Bind text to curves and preview it on-screen. 

• Import, export and create artwork in color. 

• Work in up to eight open windows. 


Drawing Table is part of Broderbund’s new family of desktop publishing software. Which with 
TypeStyler™ and DTP Advisor™ represents a new generation of desktop publishing tools, all 
featuring an abundance of features, powerful performance and stunningly low prices. 


TypeStyler, a special effects program for font 
manipulation, is that rare software introduction that 
is being received with an industry-wide ‘wow’! 

Bend and curve, shadow and style, color and 
distort, re-size and re-shape, fill and outline type in 
headlines, logos, and signs. Create styled text 
using TypeStyler, then import it into Drawing Table, 
PageMaker®, or QuarkXPress™ 

With TypeStyler, you have an unprecedented level 
of creative power. And you can have it for only $199.95. ■ 

on your creativity 
bank account 



Because of Drawing Table’s powerful features and 
powerfully low price, other drawing programs pale 
by comparison. Especially MacDraw* II, which 
does not include clip art libraries, cannot import 
EPS files and certainly cannot bind text, but which 
does cost three times as much! 

• Bound text 
previewed on-screen 

• Icons from clip art 

• Multiple windows 

• Floating tool palette 


We’ve only begun to tell you about Drawing Table’s exciting 
features on these pages. Which is why you should visit your 
nearest Broderbund dealer soon and get the full story for yourself or call 800-527-6263 and order 
Drawing Table now. It will be well worth your time and your money. ■ 

DTP Advisor 


DTP Advisor is exactly what the name implies. A guide to desktop publishing. A full time tutor. 
DTP Advisor teaches how to lay out a page for the best results. How to use type. It even includes 
a basic tutorial on print and print production techniques, 
and a glossary of related terms. 

DTP Advisor also features a project management system 
that helps you to focus your work, stay on schedule and 
get the job done right the first time. 

If you’re serious about desktop publishing, this is the 
best $79.95 you could ever spend. ■ 


FOR DIREQ ORDERS CALL 800-527-6263. 

For more information about Broderbund and our products, 
call us at 800-527-6263, or 415-492-3500. 

© Copyright 1989 Broderbund Software, 

17 Paul Drive, San Rafael, CA 94903-2101. All rights reserved. 

Broderbund and Drawing Table are registered trademarks, and TypeStyler and DTP Advisor 
are trademarks of Broderbund Software, Inc. Mac and Macintosh are registered trademarks 
of Apple Computer, Inc. MacDraw and PageMaker are registered trademarks of CLARIS 
Corporation and Aldus Corporation respectively. QuarkXPress is a trademark of Quark, Inc. 




Ten Reasons Why FileMaker* Users 
Are Switching To Panorama™ 

P»f*or*»n« « a tradamarti and Ciaavoyanca w a rtg>stared tradamarfc ol ProVt»E Davatopfnan Corpofation FtiaMahar « a ragrslared Iradamam of Clar» Corporation. Ooubta Hati« s a ragufarad iradamartt o» OOaata Corporation 4it» Dananaion « a Iradamark of ACIUS. Inc and ACl 

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Circle 451 on reader service card 

1 • Panorama's drawing package Is far superior for 
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If you’ve ever struggled with FileMaker''^ to get a form to 
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Powerful mall merge does everything but 
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15180 Transistor Lane • Huntington Beach, CA 92649 • (714) 892-8199 

Steven Levy 

Throwing the Book 
at Apple 

Yet another author tackles the mythology 
behind the Mac 

This month the Macintosh is five years old. 
Apple Computer recently celebrated its 
eleventh birthday as a registered corpora- 
tion. And yet another book is being re- 
leased on the story of Apple. 

It is called West of Eden, and its au- 
thor is New York journalist Frank Rose. It 
chronicles the company beginning with 
the introduction of the Lisa computer (ear- 
ly 1983) and ending with the formation of a 
new company called Next by Apple’s co- 
founder and former chairman, Steve Jobs 
(late 1985). Rose writes in classic new-jour- 
nalism style — the subtitle is “The End of 
Innocence at Apple Computer,” but he 
could have alternatively used “Bonfire of 
the Techies.” He gives us the most thorough 
account we will probably ever have of 
those days of making Macintoshes and 
fighting battles in boardrooms. In fact, cor- 
porate infighting winds up in center ring 
here, as it did in John Sculley’s Odyssey: 
Pepsi to Apple (Harper and Row, 1987) and 
the spotlight zeros in on the soured love af- 
fair between Jobs and Sculley — referred to 
by Apple insiders, we learn, as “the Steve 
and John Show.” 

Obviously the result of painstaking 
research, West of Eden takes us to the cor- 
porate retreats, strategy sessions, and 
boardroom confrontations that decide the 
company’s fate. The author’s main interest 
is not really in computers. (Rose himself 
uses an Epson, which in the eyes of some 
disqualifies him from addressing this sub- 
ject.) Instead he has written a bildungs- 
roman. The protagonist is Apple itself. 

Steven Levy is a Maworld columnist and the au- 
thor of The Unicorn’s Secret: Murder in the Age of 
Aquarius (Prentice-Hall, 1988), 

which he considers a “brilliant experiment 
... a technological manifestation of the six- 
ties sensibility” The key evidence of this 
was Macintosh, the first computer that truly 
did its own thing. Rose suggests that the 
Mac team went too close to the edge. This 
is reflected by a scene in which a market- 
ing person tells the computer’s designers 
that Apple has a challenge ahead of it in 
selling the Mac. Everybody jumps on this 
poor fish: What do you mean? they retort. 
All we have to do is make them and ev- 
erybody will want to buy them! 

In Rose’s view the Apple “experiment” 
failed: the quixotic attempt to merge the 
iconoclastic views of the sixties into a cor- 
porate atmosphere was just too much to 
pull off. Now Apple is less a symbol of ir- 

reverence and more a traditional, bottom- 
line business. “The reasons are related to a 
complex interaction,” Rose says. “Steve’s 
faults, the marketplace, John’s faults . . . also, 
the Reagan years were a bad time to be 
preaching revolution of any sort.” But Rose 
qualifies his judgment by saying that al- 
though the Apple of old has now “grown 
up” to be a mature company (and a wildly 
successful one), it still retains much of its 
previous luster. 

Hit or Myth 

West of Eden (Viking, 1989) is only the 
latest addition to a groaning Apple book- 
shelf Other bulwarks include The Little 
Kingdom: The Private Story of Apple 
Computer (Morrow, 1984), by Michael Mor- 


Macworld 61 


Steven Levy 



With an Automatic Reminder Feature to remind you of your appointments while working 
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PMC Telesystems Inc P. O. Box 5127, Vancouver, B.C. V6B 4A9 • (604) 255-9949 

Circle 395 on reader service card 

New Powerbase 

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Microvision introduces Powerbase, a combination of products from 
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Circle 388 on reader service card 

itz; Accidental Millionaire (Paragon, by Lee Butcher; and Steve Jobs: 

The Journey Is the Reward (Scott, Fores- 
man and Co., 1988) by Jeffrey Young. In ad- 
dition, major sections of many other books 
have dealt with the story of Apple. 

Which leads us to the inevitable ques- 
tion: Why so many? What is it about Apple 
that draws authors to its gates like bees to 

I think it really boils down to mythol- 
ogy. The story of Apple combines strains of 
the prodigal son, Oedipus, Horatio Alger, 
“Dynasty,” and the Brothers Grimm. The 
late Joseph Campbell (The Power of Myth) 
would have loved this tale. Out of obscu- 
rity come two nerdy kids who go into a 
garage and build a product no one thinks is 
necessary — a personal computer! Out of 
that grows a multibillion-dollar company. 
And then the controversial founder, the 
symbolic soul of the company, hires an out- 
sider to help him run the empire. And the 
new guy winds up throwing him out! Not 
since King Lear handed over the keys to 
the kingdom to his na.sty daughters has 
such a story of betrayal been told. Of 
course, from John Sculley’s point of view, 
anything less would have been a betrayal 
of the stockholders — but even the steady- 
tempered Sculley churns out heart-rend- 
ing prose about how painful the split was. 

There is something else to the Apple 
myth. The title of one of the first big maga- 
zine articles about Apple (published in 
California, July 1982) says it well: “Re- 
venge of the Nerds.” The founders of Apple 
were the kind of kids who were high 
school outsiders . . . losers, if you will. 

While everybody else was aspiring to jock- 
hood, or going out with cheerleaders, 
these were geeky wireheads more inter- 
ested in EPROMs than senior proms. The 
vindication of the meek is a powerful com- 
ponent of the Apple narrative; most of us 
(even popular people) feel that we Ve been 
kicked around at some point in our youth 
and have dreamed of eventually being rich 
and famous enough to sneer at our tormen- 
ters. Well, these guys did it, and were 
bound to get some vicarious pleasure from 
that tale. 

Frank Rose became well aware of the 
myriad resonances of the Apple saga when 
he researched West of Eden, “One of the 
great things about Apple is that its story of- 
fered something to everybody,” he says. “If 
you were an iconoclastic, hippie-type per- 

( continues) 

62 February 1989 












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Digital Equipment CorpiTSSnet is a trademark oflliui^ Software Systems. Sequelink is a ttademark of GnOsls. fakl^ EtherAart II Ethed^ S£,and EtherSC are trademarks of Kinetics, Inc. 

Circle 432 on reader service card 

See Us at Macworld Expo Booth #5816 

M20 - 20 Mb External 

Economy. Mirror's great looks in a zero-footprint 
design that brings mass storage within anyone^s 
bud^t, yet indudes-free of cliarge as with all Mirror 
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with Mirror Technologies’ return policy and one-year 
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’Includes Mirror Technologies’ Hard Drive Value Package. 

M30 - 30 Mb External 

Our most popular drive. Enough stora^ for most 
personal applications at manufacturer-&ect prices, 
mformatt^ and ea^ to use - just plug in and play! 
Super reliable, and with aU the extras at factory-direct 

’Includes Mirror Technologies’ hard drive value package. 

^ Macintosh SK 

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Yourchoice. Lower price or blistering speed. The 
“Plus” version screams along at an amazing 19ms! And 
our ‘Plus” drives carry a two-year warranty. Heavy 
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’Indudes Mirror Technologies’ hard drive ^tihie package. 

M40+: Call for price. 

M80 & M80 + 80 Mb Externals 

Again, your choice: high speed or lower price. We’ll 
double our usual one-year warranty on die 19ms 
‘Plus” drive to two years. 80 Mb is enough for highly 
complex networking and accounting applications. 
Shop the price on other 80 Mb drives. GUI’s is less 
expensive, and you still get all of the Min'or extras! 

’Indudes Mirror Technologies’ hard drive value package. 

M80+: Call for price. 

Our numbers look as good as our products. 

It’s because you buy straight fiom the manufacturer. No 
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like our hard drive value package. And niendly , intelligent 
people who understand the Alaclntosh. 

Mega-memory at a micro price. And talk about 
speed! The MlOO is fast, but the M200, at 15ms, is 
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secure storage medium. Preformatted. Just plug and 

•Includes Mirror Technol(^es' hard drive value package. 

M200: Call. 

RM.8 Floppy Disk Drive 

We set the standards for low-cost removable 
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on each 3V^ disk! MacWorld says of our RM.8, “So 
quiet it would be unobstrusive anywhere except a 
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you don’t like it, we’ll take it b^k. You won’t find a 
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• Preformatted • Embedded SCSI; NTX compatible • AC 
EMI/RFI filters • Rear-panel AC outlet • External SCSI 
address selector • SCSI cable • Whisper-quiet cooling fan • 
Hard Driver’" formatting and diagnostic utility • 
LaserSpeed’" LaserWriter spooler • Numerous other 
utilities, backup utility • 10 Mb of Public-domain software 
stacks • 1-year warranty, two years on “Plus” drives 

Quality is always a better value. Especially 
if it costs less. 

Lost data can put you out of business. That’s why Mirror 
Technologies uses only the best And why we build in those 
extras that mean greater data security. When inte^ted 
\rith ru^;ed power supplies and w’hisper-quiet coofiig 
systems in our steel chas^, you can double-click “Save” with 






M60 - 60 Mb External 

You won’t find a brand-name 60 Mb drive for less. 
And you still get Minx>r^s EMI/RFI protection, heavy- 
duty power supply, AC convenience outlet, whisper- 
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*Indwks .WuTor Technologies' hard drive value package. 

A VisionScan scanner- an unlimited supply of art 
& graphics! Anything you can lay on the iTatb^ can 
be quickly and easily entered into and manipulated 
wth your Mac at half the price of competing flatbed 
scanners! A BYTE reviewer wrote, “If it were my 
money, I’d buy the MuTor Technology VisionSaui. Its 
price/performance ratio is unequalled’’. 

A Mirror exclusive: either works as a DA so you 
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200 dpi VisionScan 200 for excellent line art and 
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line art and excellent halftones, and we’ll send you 
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recognition software available. 

Internal Hard Drives: 30, 40, 80, 100, 200 


Only Mirror Technolc^es aUows you to add an 
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*Indudes Mirror Technologies’ hard drive value package. 

40, 80, 100, & 200 Mb: Call. 

Another number you’ll love. 

30 days at our risk. 

We know you can’t get a better value anywhere. It’s up 
to us to prove it to you. Tiy a Mirror product for 30 da>’s; 
if you don’t think it’s a great v^e, call us, send it back, and' 
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will like our prices, our products and our service. 

RM20 Removable Flexxy Disk Drive 

Think of it as a huge floppy disk. Using media 
develop^ Kodak and Verbatim, the flexxy disks 
carry a lifetime guarantee! Speed? Our RM^ is as fast 
as most 20 Mb hard drives! Am extremely low cost per 
Mb for backup, for archiving, or for your primary 
storage medium. And we sell our RM20 for over a 

hundred dollars less than the competition, complete 
with Hard Driver’" formatting and diagnostic utility, 
Symantec’s LaserSpeed’" La^rWriter print spooler, 
and numerous other utilities, including a backup 
utility. External SCSI address selector, our whisper- 
quiet cooling fan, built in AC EMI/rRFI noise filter. 

You’ll get better help than from a computer 
store sSesman. 

If you need to know about any product, ask its maker. At 
MuTor, our Mac experts have been hand-picked and trained 
to be able to answer your questions. Better help than You’D 
get Sum salesmen in most computer stores. If you’ve ever 
had trouble getting help before, You’D find welcome reDef at 
our number. 

You could be using a Mirror Technology 
drive tomorrow. 

We almost always ship within 24 hours, if we don’t ship 
within 24 hours of credit approval, we’ll pay the freight! 
And with optional express shipping, you could be up and 
running by noon tomorrow. You simply can’t find better 
products, with better service, at a better price - anywhere. 
Call today. 

See Us at Macworld Expo Booth #1228 



Pnttnn Rmrl RrwioviTIo 

2514 Patton Road, Rose\iIle, MN 56113 
Phone: 612-5334450 Fax: 612-5333136 
Hours: Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-6 p.m. CST 
Macint(X!h and Mac urv trudmaiicf of Apfde Computer, 

Inc. La.^rSpe€deatrMknvurkofS}rnantecC<MponUion. 
Verbatim iaa trademark of Verbatim Corporation, a Kodak 
compar^v. Kodak is a tmtenark of Eastman Kodak 
Company. DeskPaint is a trademark of Zedcor. Inc. 

MacWcrki is a pubbcntion of P(’W Coamwucations. Inc. 

Bx’te is a pubbcation of .VcOna -HiO. 

Circle 424 on reader service card 

Steven Levy 


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son, you identified with Burrell Smith and 
Andy Hertzfeld, hackers who wanted a 
computer to express their wishes. If you 
were a money-oriented capitalist, Apple ap- 
pealed to you, too. The company managed 
to combine the goals and aspirations of the 
sixties with the [materialistic) desires of the 
late seventies and the eighties. Along with 
those powerful social currents, there w^ere 
the two faces you could identify with — the 
two Steves, Jobs and Wozniak.” 

Not an Easy Jobs 

Writing about an institution, even one 
as exciting as Apple, can be terribly dry. 
When a wTiter is presented with a charis- 
matic figure whose life parallels in some 
way the arc of the company’s history, he or 
she clamps on like a pit bull. Especially 
such a weird guy as Steve Jobs. He seems 
to have gone through life leaving behind 
oodles of bizarre details, like Hansel aiid 
Greiel strewing bread crumbs in their 
wake. Mike Moritz in The Little Kingdom 
was the first to accumulate a bagful of 
those morsels. So we learned that when 
Steve got tense, he would often head to the 
men’s room, stick his bare feet into the toi- 
let bowl, and flush: instant foot massage. 
And then there was the time that Jobs, in 
his hippie years, became convinced that in- 
gesting carrots was the way to holistic nir- 
vana; as a result, the skin of the future 
multi-millionaire turned orange. 

It’s almost as if some siren song kicks 
in when writers encounter Jobs: Write 
about me . . . write about me. Jeffrey 
Young, for instance, couldn’t resist. He told 
me that originally his unauthorized Jobs 
biography was to be a chronicle of the Mac- 
intosh. But when he finished a draft, he 
found his w^ork flat. Then he realized that 
the most interesting parts were the ones 
about — guess who. And so, while retaining 
much of the Macintosh material (which 
stands as the strongest part of his book), 
he shifted the focus, from the Mac to its 

It would have to be an unauthorized 
biography, to be sure. Jobs was not ready to 
give his imprimatur to anyone, particularly 
Young (who boasts of having a “unique po- 
sition as ringside observer to the develop- 
ment of Macintosh’* — a half-truth at best). 

It is a recurring Silicon Valley — and pub- 
lisher’s row — guessing game as to what 
Steve himself will do in the book business. 
Will it be a Sculley-style autobiography, a 
semiauthorized account by a big-name au- 

Circle 448 on reader service card 


66 February 1989 

• Id* 1*1 niMiu* otidfBBnniMt* 

Back up your hard disk-fast. 

Optimize your hard disk for better 

Recover a damaged disk or 
undelete accidentally erased files. 

Locate files on your hard drive. 

Password protect your sensitive data. 

View and/or change folder 

All this for just $79* What’s more, you don’t have to be a technical genius 
to use it-PC Tools/Mac is easy to use and understand. 

See why hundreds of thousands of people have 
made PC Tools the best-selling utilities for personal 
computers like the Macintosh. For the dealer 
nearest you, or to order direct, 
call ( 503 ) 69O-8O9O M-F, CerittidFbint 
8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. (West 
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Beaverton, Oregon 97006 

PC Tbok/Mac. 

PC Ibols is a indonadi of CemnJ Point Software All other produa names are trademarks of their manufacturers. 

Circle 357 on reader service card 


1, lerDrivelOOni 


InnerDrive lOOISE 

For Mac SE 

Was $1349 J10WS999 

We’ve taken the 
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up to a 100 megab^ 
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It’s never been more 
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If you thought you’d have to setde 
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This means you can save an 
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reliable, most talked about, most 
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drives in the industry. 

And, yes, we’ve included the rev- 
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a Plus or an SE into a take-along 

More bytes for your 
buck than evk. 

whether your Mac is a Plus, SE or II, 
Jasmine’s 100 MB hard disk drives are 
loaded with power and performance 
that’s just right for you. And are now 
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DirectDrive 100 

For Mac Plus, SE and Mac II 
Was $1249, now $W9 
InnerDrive 100/SE 
For Mac SE 
Was $1349, now $999 
InnerDrive lOO/II 
For Mac II 

Was $1199, now $999 
BackPac 100 

For Mac Pins and SE 
Was $1479, now $1199 

Every' Jasmine 100 megabyte hard 
disk drive comes to your door loaded 
with these extras: 

Drive\^^’“ true SCSI 
partitioning, piissword protection, 
A/UX support, and exclusive control 
panel access. 

Symantec'” Utilities for 
Macintosh insure against data loss 
and keep tlie hard disk operating at 
optimum level. 

Redux'”fix)m Microseeds. 
Arguably the best backup software 
ever written for the Mac. 

DEScryptor'-our proprietary 

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DemoW^r A collection of 
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1740 Army Street San Francisco, California 94124 415-282-1111 FAX: 415-648-1625 

©1988 Jasmine Technologies, Inc. DireaDrive, InnerDrive, Drivie^re, DEScryptor, DemoWire, BackPiK arc trademarks of Jasmine Technologies, Inc. Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. Symantec” Utilities 

for \iacintosh is a trademark of Symantec Corp. R^ux is a trademark of Microseeds. 

Circle 457 on reader service card 

Steven Levy 

thor, or a continued stonewall? 

Meantime, there have always been 
plenty of people willing to spill the beans 
about Apple. Cupertino is Leak City. As a 
journalist working that beat I occasionally 
have had people approach me uninvited, 
spontaneously disgorging their favorite 
Jobs story. 

Paradise Lost 

John Sculley, of course, did not have 
that problem — he w'as his own main 
source for Odyssey ^ cowritten by Business 
Week writer John Byrne. Yet the ruling ob- 
session in that book is also Steve Jobs. Od- 
yssey's narrative revolves around their rela- 
tionship, and Sculley attains a melancholy 
apotheosis when he rids Apple of its dis- 
tinctive cofounder. Only then does he 
grow to the point where he can merge the 
hardball business instincts he had honed 
in the tough world of East Coast manage- 
ment with the “softer,” more idealistic vir- 
tues found in future-leaning West Coast 
companies like Apple. The company is 
saved, and our hero is free to dispense 
business advice and postulate future 

Yet we still yearn for Jobss voice. What 
does he think? West of Eden doesn’t tell us. 
Despite Rose’s terrific reporting, his book 
doesn’t really get inside Jobs’s head. (This 
isn't the author’s fault — though Rose says 
he had one interview with Jobs, the coop- 
eration ended soon afterw'ard.) 

But then again, we don’t really need 
Steve Jobs to plumb the depths of the Ap- 
ple myth. The story speaks for itself. The 
company’s history, like its computers, is a 
springboard to dreams. To change the 
world, make millions of dollars, get fa- 
mous, and have the greatest T-shirt collec- 
tion in the annals of mankind — this is at 
the heart of human endeavor! 

The texture thickens with each retell- 
ing. At some point, I imagine, we ll say 
“enough” and refuse to listen to another 
word of the oft-told tales that begin with 
Steve and Steve pawning car and calculator 
to finance a run of Apple I’s. By then our 
eyes will glaze over at hearing once more 
how close Apple came to not running its 
famous 1984 commercial. 

But we’re not at that point yet, so West 
of Eden is well worth a read. 

If 1 may, I'd like to congratulate Apple 
Computer on the Macintosh’s fifth anniver- 
sary. Working with, playing on, and writing 
about the Mac have given me immeasur- 
able pleasure... and have literally provided 
my living. In another section of this maga- 
zine 1 quote one of the Macintosh de- 
signers, Andy Hertzfeld, in a moment of 
reflection (see “Glory Days”). He won- 
dered what the world would have been 
like without the Macintosh and, pessimistic 
for a moment, says that maybe the world 
would have produced it a year later. I don’t 
think so — the Mac pushed us much fur- 
ther, faster, than we would have gone with- 
out it. It was the boldness and ingenuity of 
a gutsy company that released the Macin- 
tosh in 1984, raising the stakes for what was 
to be considered an acceptable computer. 

Five years from now, another computer 
may be the one that raises that standard 
further — but no matter how great that new 
machine is, I don’t think we’ll ever get the 
same thrill we got from the Mac. To every- 
one who conceived it, designed it, got it 
out the door, revived it in the marketplace, 
produced its successors, and generally 
made it great (but not to those who raised 
its price recently) — thanks. □ 

Anthro Corporation 
Technology Furniture 

3221 N.W. Yeon St. 
Portland. OR 97210 


Made in US. A. 
Holds up to 600 lbs. 
60“ wide X 36“ deep. 

Anthro is a registered trademark of Anthro Corporation. 

The workbench that is incredibly 
strong. Designed with a space 
saving arm. Cable management 
track. Height adjustment. 
Options to add. 

Call us: 600-325-384 1 

Introducing A Better Display 
For The Macintosh If. . . 

For About $300.00 Less Than You’d Expect. 

This is not just another display done. It’s 
the new Magnavox Analog Color ^AQ 
display, spedfically designed and engineered 
to compliment the Macintosh II system. 

When we decided to develop a display 
exclusively for the Macintosh II, we started 
with two objectives: Make it work better, and 
make it cost less. 

Our 14" MAC display appeals to even 
the most discriminating user. It’s equipped 
with our new proprietary 0.29mm dot pitch 

CRT for superb resolution, and a glossy CRT 
face for crystal clear images. Graphics and 
text on the MAC display shine at their best. 
The integrated tilt-base provides the ultimate 
in user comfort. 

Additionally we offer a solid, two-year 
warranty instead of the usual 90 days. And 
the $699 retail makes this a great value. 

Designing a superior display for the 
Macintosh II system was smart. Offering it for 
$300 less, that’s very smart. 


Apple Macintosh IP is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. 

©1988 Philips Consumer Electronics Company 
A Division of North American Philips Corporation 


Emerald City Software 

Lasertalk 1 .0 

Fifth Generation 

Talking Tiles (Bright Star) 
Bright Star brings computer- 
aided learning to life with an 
interactive, animated talking 
tutor complete with real 
speech sounds 
with correct facial 

With Talking >|RP 
Tiles, you’ll 
see and 

sounds are 

combined to 

form words 

using educa- 

tionally sound 

teaching methods. 

(education) $69. H] 

Suitcase 2.0 

ICOM Simulations 

On Cue 

Kent Marsh 

MacSafe or NightWatch 












1 Thunderscan 

^ (Thunderware) 

Converts your ImageWriter 
into a scanner with special effects such 
as rotation, linescreens, captions, and frames of 
various sizes. It is packaged complete for the Mac 
512K, 512KE, Plus and SE. (input/output) $199. 



Hyperware Birthday Bundle - includes 

Business Class & Focal Point 48. 

Focal Point II 89. 

Reports! for HyperCard 59. 


Complete HyperCard Handbook 24. 


ArchiText 182. 

Bright Star Technology 

HyperAnimator 79. 


HyperDialer 26. 

Hyperpress Publishing 

Script Expert 49. • 

Icon Factory 29. 1 


VideoWorks II HyperCard Driver 60. 


HyperAtlas 64. 

Power Up 

HyperTutor 29. 

Softworks, Inc. 

HyperTools #1 or #2 ea 65. 

Stack Cleaner 39. 


HyperDA 38. 



Tempo II 89. 

Berkeley System Design, Inc. 

Steppino Out II 52. 

Beyond, Inc. 

MenuFonts 2 30. 

CE Software 

DiskTop 3.0.2 27. 

QuicKeys (new macro programmer) 53. 
Central Point 

Copy II Mac (with MacTools) 20. 

PC tools Deluxe For Mac 40. 



HFS Backup 3.0 

Simon and Schuster 

Fully Powered Mac 24. 

Software Power Company 

PowerOP 1.4 39. 


DiskFit or SuperSpool 5.0 ea 54. 

Sentinal 2.0 155. 

SuperLaserSpool 2.0 82. 

Symantec Corporation 

Symantec Utilities for Macintosh 59. 

Allan Bonadio Associates 
Expressionist 2.0 (equation edtr) 

Sidekick 2.0 

Cassady & Greene 


Exodus Software 



SmartScrajp & The Clipper 


CE Software 

QuickMail 165. 


CompuServe Navigator 45. 


MacLink Plus w/Cable 145. 


Red Ryder 10.3 55. 


Smartcom II (communications) 88. 

Software Ventures 

Microphone II 225. 


Acknowledge 349. 

Traveling Software 




4th Dimension 489. 


dBase Mac 295. 


Reflex Plus 165. 


FileMaker II 239. 



Turbo Pascal 

Turbo Database Mac 

'Manx Software Systems 

Aztec C or Unitools 

Aztec C+SDB 

Aztec c+MPW 


Basic Interpreter 3.0 




CAPP’s Lightspeec 
Lightspeed C 3.O.. 
Lightspeed Pascal 

MaraThon SP (Dove) 

The MaraThon Serial/Parallel (SP) is an 
industry standard expansion card that ex- 
tends the capabilities of the Macintosh II, 
giving users access to peripherals that offer 
better of faster features. The MaraThon SP 
provides one RS-232-C Standard serial 
port, accessed through an IBM-style DB9 
connector, and one Centronics parallel 
, port, accessed through a DB25 connector. 
i Both hardware and software installation 
^ are fast and simple. (disk drives) $189. 

C or Pascal 49. 



Studio/8 (Electronic Art) 

New color graphics program 
exclusively for the Mac ft. 
This 256 color program 
v/ith unlimited brush 
shapes and sizes offers 
the creative professional 
power, flexibility, and 
functionality. Eight air- 
brushes wi^ variable 
flow add versatility. 
speed with one- 
step results. The 
Magnification IgBfl 

Mode has four 
levels, and you , 
can re-size and * wH 
move windows. wM 

Studio/8 is 
simple, intuitive 
and powerful. _ 

(graphics) “ ^ 

$319. ^ . \ 



AffiniFile 46 

km P51 Mustang Flight 

■km Simulator 

(Bunseye Software) 

pA Fly the P5 1 — Cadillac 

of the sky. An incredible 
adventure in the skies 
over England and France 
in WWn. You’D dogfight ME109’s, 
strafe ground targets — even buzz 
the Eiffel Tower. Just like the movies. 
Fly against another Mac via modem. 
View action replay from 13 different 
angles, (entertainment) $32. 

'Terrari Grand Prix" Chosen 1987 
"Simulation game" of the year. 
Formula One racing simulation . . . 
chaUenging, exciting, (entertain- 
ment) $32. 


^ Woffcfel 
^••Lailgest j 
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of Mactntosh^] 
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can mail us the coupon bdow for ydur coj^. 

Take a look at the MacWarehotise specfals and call us with yotir _ 

order to receive your free catalog and THE POWER USER'S TOOL KIT. 

SYSTEM from 
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Kurta’s built in 


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1 1 to 23 programmable function keys. 
Using a tablet makes it possible to get 
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NEW 800K Drive (Cutting Edge) 

The Cutting Edge 800K disk drive's 
attractive styling, quiet performance, and 
it our most 

•tech reliability makes 


popular floppy drive. The drive uses ASIC 

applications mud 

simpler. Move the 
screen cursors, draw, 
sketch and trace 
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Also Available 

4 Button Cordless^* 
Cursor $99. 

technology to reduce the number of 
parts, increasing reliability and reducing 
weight. Features an LED light to indicate 
disk access and a hinged door over the 
disk insertion slot to keep the mechanism 
clean. Uses standard Apple formatting 
routines and supports the Macintosh’s 
standard software eject features. Features 
manual eject mechanism also. One year 
warranty, (disk drives) $175. 


For price, quality and service you won't find a better source for 
your Mac needs. If you don’t see it here, give us a call. Most 
likely we’ll have it in stock. Our sales representatives are here 
to help! Kerry, call me at: 

(1-800- ALL MACS) 
Inquiries: 201-367-0440 
Canada: 800-255-6447 

FAX # 201-905-9279 
8A.M. TO 11 P.M. 

(Eastern Time) 

8 P.M. (Eastern Time) 


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I don’t need to order right now, but please RUSH me my 
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Creates audio-visual 
performance with 
variety of Kaleidoscope 
graphics. Synchronizes 
any graphics program 
with music. Can be 
played through your 
Mac Speaker or MIDI 
synthesizer, (music) 


Allows you to typeset 
complex mathematical 
equations. Supports 
integrals, sums, pro- 
ducts, roots, matrices, 
and much more. 
MacEqn offers a pro- 
grammable symbol 
palette and adjusts 
format and sizing auto- 
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Double Helix II 
Multiuser Kit 

The Multiuser Kit is the 
ideal way to share 
database solutions with 
others. Standard fea- 
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record-locking, network 
protection — and no 
additional fileserving or 
hardware is required! 


A music publishing pro- 
gram offering a variety of 
TOwerfuI input methods. 
The graphic oriented 
user interface, publish- 
able quality output and 
EPS compatibility make 
this the iaeal music 
publishing system! 
(music) $169. 

Silicon Beach 

Digital Darkroom or Super 3D Call. 

SuperPaint 2.0 Call. 


Curator (graphics management) 79. 


PixelPaint 2.0 Call. 


PictureBase 1.2 58. 


ClickArt Business or Publications 28. 

ClickArt EPS Illustrations 75. 


DeskPaint 2.0 69. 




Ace-Textures, Fill, and Patterns 168. 

Illustrator 88 319. 

Streamline 295. 


PageMaker 3.0 399. 


DTP Advisor 49. 


Image Studio or Ready.Set.Gol 4.. 279. 

ReadySetShow 189. 

Read-lt! 2.0 


Xpress or QuarkSytle Call. 


SuperGlue 1.05 52. 


Springboard Publisher 109. 


Scoop SPECIAL 189. 



Connect Inc. 

MacNet 43. 


Timbuktu 2.0.1 Call. 


TurboNET 30. 


Network DiskFit 199. 


TOPS 2.0 Call. 



Fonts Call. 


Fantastic Plus 2.0 54. 


ArtFonts 59. 


Laser FX 115. 



MiniCad 4.0 375. 

MiniCad Plus 525 

Innovative Data 

MacDraft 1 .2a (power drafting) 155. 

Dreams 319. 

Aztec C 

(Manx Software) 

Includes Aztec Shell 
Compiler, 6800 Macro 
Assembler, Overlay 
Linker, Librarian. Run 
Time libraries. Profiler, 
Full Macintosh 
Toolbox Interface, and 
Portable C Library 
interface, (language) 


MacInTax Federal '88 69. 

TaxView Planner 64. 


MacMoney 3.02 62. 


Abacus Concepts 

StatView il (req, Mac II, or Plus/SE 

w/68881 co-processor) 369. 

StatView SE-i-Graphics 229. 


StatView 512-1- (requires 512k) 175. 

D2 Software 

MacSpin 2.0 189. 


Data Desk Professional 289. 

Select Micro Systems, Inc. 

Exstatix 219. 

Software for Recognition Technology 
MacEqn 24. 



MacDrums 35. 

Perceive 52. 

Electronic Arts 

Deluxe Music Construction 2.0 61. 

Farallon Computing 

MacRecorder (records sound) 1 39. 

Great Wave 

ConcertWare + MIDI 4.0 79. 


Audio Digitizer w/SoundWave 149. 

Intelligent Music 

OvalTune 95. 

Opcode Systems 

Music Mouse 39. 

Passport Designs 

Master Tracks Pro 259. 

NoteWriter 1 69. 

HyperTools #1 & #2 (Softworks) 
Give stacks the one-two punch... 
HyperTools # 1 is for creating stacks 
and scripts in HyperCard. Hyper- 
Tools #2 adds versatility to 
stackware in entry and present' 
tion of data. Each includes 16 
tools plus the latest version of 
HyperCard, (hyperware) 

$65. each. 

Stack Cleaner 

Utilities to enhance stacks 
for HyperCard. Includ 
menu creation facility. 

Performs many of the 
tasks needed for 
merging and do 
stacfe. (hyper\ 


FREE For a 
time only you 

Micro CAD/CAM 

MGMStation (professional CAD)... .CaW. 


Payroll 3.01 99. 

Payroll PLUS 159. 


Simply Accounting 219. 


Quicken 33. 


Managing Your Money 128. 


Business Sense 279. 

Dollars & Sense 81. 

Perceive (Coda 
Music Sof^are) 

The first interactive ear- 
training program on the 
Madntosh. Indudes 
on-screen keyboard, 
workbook, textbook 
and MIDI compatibility. 
Ideal for home study 
and a natural for 
university and high 
school music 
departments. Starts at 
the easiest possible 
levels and grows in 
difficulty as you learn. 
Ability to design 
soundwaves with great 
prcdsion and uses 
sophisticated music 
materials. ('mus/cj $52. 

purchase both 
HyperTools 1 & 2. 

Fox Software 

FoxBASE+ZMac 209. 


Double Helix II 349. 

Double Helix II Multiuser Kit Call. 

GeoQuery 299. 

Park Row Incorporated 

Publish or Perish 21. 

Personal Bibliographic 

PrO'Cite 199. 

Software Discoveries 

Record Holder Plus 45. 


Access Technology 

Trapeze 2.1 159. 


Full Impact 249. 


MacCalc 79. 

BreakThrough Productions 

Market Master 185. 

Market Master R/A 245. 


MacProject II 395. 

Cognition Technology 

MacSMARTS 3.2 135. 


Cricket Graph (advanced graphing) ^^9. 

Cricket Presents 289. 

MicroPlanning International 
MicroPlanner Plus 445. 

Market Master R/A 
(Breakthroagh Prodactions) 

Lets you sell like never before — never 
lose a lead — get much higher response 
rate. Doesn't just track leads, it handles 
them. You get letters that look personally 
typed, envelopes, labels, call lists and 
reports. Sends the right letter to the right 
person at the right time. Includes its own 
results analysis. Nothing ever falls through 
the aacks. (business) $245. 


Excel 1.5 249. 

PowerPoint 2.0 Call. 

Works 2.0 189. 

Nolo Press 

For the Record 29. 

WIIIMaker 35. 

North Edge Software 

Timesllps III (time/expense t^acking)^^9. 


Bulk Mailer 3.2 79. 

Shana Enterprises 

FastForms! Construction Kit 89. 


FormSet 55. 

MacInUse 42. 

Spectrum Digital 

TrueForm 269. 


More II 235. 



FullWrite Professional 269. 


MaeWrite 5.0 105. 


Word 4 (updated word processor) .. 249. 

Write 1 .0 (new word processor) 1 1 3. 

Niles & Associates 

End Note 85. 


Qued/M 109. 


Acta Advantage w/DA 69. 


WriteNow 2.0 (word processor) 1 09. 

WordPerfect Corp. 

WordPerfect 1 85. 



Do^^ Clapp's Word Tools 42. 

MaeProof 3.0 115. 

Deneba Software 

Bigthesaurus 55. 

Spelling Coach 3.0 54. 

Spelling Coach Pro 105. 

Electronic Arts 

Thunder (spelling checker) 30. 


Word Finder (synonym finder) 33. 

Sensible Software 

Sensible Grammar 54. 

Working Software 

Spellswell 2.0 (spelling checker) 45. 


3G Graphics 
Images w/Impact 

Graphics & Symbols 1 59. 

(Bright Star) 

Add life to your 
HyperCard stacks 
using animated 
images synchro- 
nized with sound. A 
breakthrough in 
technology — 
HyperAnimator lets 
you create lifelike 
talking images on 
screen. Combine the 
spirit of animation 
with the power of 
the Mac. . . for fun, 
education, and 
desktop presenta- 
tions. (hyperware) 

Business 1 75. 

Aba Software 

Draw It Again Sam 2.0 79. 

GraphistPaint II 289. 


Freehand 349. 


Drawing Table 79. 

PosterMaker Plus 36. 

Print Shop (cards and more) 36. 

VideoWorks II 175. 

CE Software 

CalendarMaker 27. 


MacDraw II 2.0 329. 

MacPaint 2.0 105. 


Cricket Draw 169. 

Cricket Paint SPECIAL ...99. 

Pict-O-Graph (color on the Mac ll)..^Q5. 

Canvas 2.0 169. 

Dream Maker 

Cliptures, Vol. 1 Business Images ...97. 

MacGallery 28. 

Electronic Arts 

Studio/8 319. 


Photon Paint 1 79. 


MacAtlas Pro (MacDraw format) .... 129. 

NuPaint 89. 


Art Clips 69. 

■ VISA and MASTERCARD accepted. No surcharge. MWB9 

■ Your credit card will not be charged until your order is shipped. 

■ If we must ship a partial order, we pay the freight on the remaining portion. 

■ Ail U.S. shipments are insured at no extra charge. 

■ C.O.D. orders accepted (add $6.00 including shipping) — $1 ,000 maximum. 

Cash, money order, or cashier's check. 

■ Corporate purchase orders accepted subject to credit approval. 

■ All products are covered by a 120 day limited warranty.* 

■ CT residents add 7.5% safes tax. NJ residents add 6.0% sales tax. 


■ Ail orders add $3.00 per order. We ship Airborne Express overnight unless 
UPS ground delivers overnight. (Some rural areas require an extra day.) 

■ Orders placed by 5:00 pm Eastern time (weekdays) for “in stock" items ship 
same day (baning system failure, etc.) for overnight delivery. 

— , . i ,ne> li ^ g days from us 

201-367-0440 for 

i nformation. 

'Defective software replaced immediatefy. Hardware replaced or repaired at our discretion. 

Tm Kerry, call me at: 

1 - 800 - 255-6227 

Inquiries: 201-367-0440 

(1 -800-ALL-MACS) 

Canada: 800-255-6447 FAX # 201-905-927 

1690 Oak Street, P.O. Box 1579." 

Lakewood. N) 08701 

MONDAY THRU FRIDAY 8 A.M.TO 11 P.M. (Eastern Time) 

SATURDAY 8 A.M. to 8 P.M. (Eastern Time) 

NOW OPEN SUNDAYSI 8 A.M. to 8 P.M. (Eastern Time) 

*£> Copyright t988 MicroWarehouse, Inc. MaeWAREHOUSE^” is a division of MicroWarehouse, Inc. MaeWAREHOUSE™ and 
MicroWarehouse are trademarks of MicroWarehouse, Inc. Item availability and price subject to change without notice. 

Managing Your Money 

A fully integrated software 
program addressing every 
aspect of personal and 
small business finance. 
Write and print checks, set 
up a personal budget, 
estimate your taxes and 
more ! (finance) $128. 


EPS dip art you can 
use every day! Great 
for newsletters, fliers, 
presentations, and 
more: 148 business 
oriented illustrations 
induding people, 
cartoons, objects, and 
symbols, (graphics) 

EADB-105 Keyboard 

Features 105 keys to 
make using your Mac II 
or SE easier. 18 Key nu- 
meric keypad to speed 
up numerical data. 15 
user-assignable function 
keys execute the 
commands you use 
most frequently, (input/ 
output) SPECIAL $99. 

Grappler LS 

The latest Madntosh 
Interface solution from 
Orange Micro. Connects 
the HP Desiget or any HP 
compatible serial laser 
printer to the MacPlus. 
SEorU. Full 300 DPI 
resolution, just set the 
switch and leave the 
driving to the Grappler 
LS. the highly int^gent 
printer interface. 





BRIDGE 5.0 22. 

GrailQuest 19. 


Ancient Art of War At Sea 27. 



• m M m m • 

SB*»www mgm< 

Acta Advantage 

The project outliner. 
organizer, and 
planner. An 
indispensable desk 
accessory and stand- 
alone tool. Use within 
any application. 
(outliners) $69. 

I '..arfua., 

PayroO PLUS 

This complete payroll 
program provides 
Federal, Slate, Local, 
and FICA tables plus 8 
user-defined misc- 
ellaneous deductions. 
Calculates hourly wages 
or salary. Prints 
paychecks and more. 
(finance) $159. 

ny SE 





Talking Tiles 

Bootware Software 

Resum6Writer Pro 75. 


Calculus, Geometry, Physics ea.59. 


Math Blaster 27. 

Speed Reader II 39. 

Great Wave 

Kids Time 26. 

Learning Company 

Reader Rabbit 33. 


Perfect Score S.A.T 46. 


MacType 31. 

Simon & Schuster 

Typing Tutor IV 35. 

Go Master (Nemesis) 

The ultimate strate^c board game. Go is 
one of the oldest games in the worid, 
originating in China more than 4,000 
years ago. The rules are simple, yet the 
strategy is profound. Go Master is the 
only Go program to successfully imitate 
human play, (entertainment) $49. 

Joseki Tator To further advance your 
study of the ancient oriental game of (}o. 
JoseW are operting game patterns 
considered locally optimal and equitable 
for both players. These joseki have been 
worked out by masters over the 
centuries, (entertainment) $30. 

Shufflepuck Cafe 22. 

Where in the World is 

Carmen San Diego 25. 


Ferrari Grand Prix (racing) 32. 

P51 Mustang 32. 

Casady & Greene 

Crystal Quest II 26. 

Centron Software, Inc. 

Blackjack Ace 27. 

Crapsmaster or Roulette.' 27. 


Handwriting Analyst 29. 

Discovery Software 

Arkanoid 27. 

Electronic Arts 

Chessmaster 2000 (deluxe chess) ...29. 

Patton vs. Rommel (strategy) 1 5. 

Scrabble 26. 

Starfleet I: The War Begins 37. 

Chuck Yeager Adv. Flight Trainer ....32. 

Sub Battle Simulator 29. 


Leather Goddess of Phobos 24. 

Micro Sports 

MSFL Pro League Football 32. 

Power, Deja Vu - ea 30. 

Uninvited - ea 30. 

Go Master 49. 

Joseki Tutor 30. 


Strategic Conquest Plus 46. 


MacCourses 32. 

MacGolf 2.0, MacRacquetball • ...ea 35. 

Road Racer 45. 


Smash Hit Racquetball II 22. 

0 000000 oaoDooii 










MaclnTax Federal 1988 
This sophisticated easy to use 
income tax preparation 
program allows you to 
organize, store, and 
print out income tax 
Includes 74 IRS 
forms, schedules, 
and work- 
Links forms 
automatically to 
reduce input 
errors. Program 
features the IRS 
Instruction booklet 
forms can be 
I, complete with data 
onto blank paper or 
preprinted forms, both IRS approved. 

(finance) $69. 

SE Silencer 

The Mobius SE Si- 
lencer is a “snap-in" 
replacement for the 
noisy fan in Mac 
SEs. Installation 
takes 15 minutes, 
and requires no 
soldering. Mobius 
found a better 
design for the fan 
blades that moves 
more air. but lets 
the motor run at a 
slower speed. It also 
eliminates the 
SCTcen flicker caused 
by the original fans. 
(accessories) $39. 

Cutting Edge 

800K Disk Drive “NEW" 1 75. 

Wedge XL 30 Plus 629. 

Wedge XL 45 Plus 829. 

XL 30 Internal or 45 Internal Call. 

Dayna Communications 

DaynaFile single 360K (5 1/4”) 529. 


MaeSnap 2S 750. 

MaeSnap 2SE 439. 

MaeSnap 4S 1488. 

MaeSnap 8S 2975. 

MaeSnap SCSI Interface Port 109. 

MaeSnap 524E (512k to 1 meg) 289. 

MaeSnap 524S 379. 

MaeSnap 548E (512k to 2 meg) .... 549. 
MaeSnap 548S 599. 

NoPaint (NoEqaation) 

The first REALLY NEW black and white 
painting program since MacPaint. In 
addition to improving on all standard 
paint features available from other pro- 
grams. NuPaint has many unique tools 
and features such as 32 by 
32 patterns. Masking 
Tape, Razor, Trowel. 

Shadow, smoothing 
and halftoning tools, 
plus high resolution bit 
map editing. Double 
the print quality on an 
ImageWriter, print to 
the maximum on a 
laserwriter. Easy 
interface. Easy to read 
manual. Power and 
quality together in one 
package. Works on 
512E, MacPlus, SE and 
II (graphics) $89. 

Mac II Stand vrith 

Regain desk space 
with the Mac U Stand. 
Keeps your Mac II out 
of the way. but still 
handy. Special value 
pack comes with 
extension cable kit. 
Retails at $99.00. 
(accessories) $65. 

Sierra On-Line 

Leisure Suit Larry 23. 

Silicon Beach 

Apache Strike, Dark Castle • ea 27. 

Beyond Dark Castle 27. 

Simon & Schuster 

Star Trek:Kobayashi Alternative 24. 

Spectrum HoioByte 

Falcon 32. 

PT109, Gato ea..26. 

Solitare Royale 20. 

Tetris ....; 20. 

The Software Toolworks 

The Hunt for Red October 29. 


1 MEG SIMMS Call. 


Mac286 Co-Processor (Mac II) .... 1079. 

CMS TapeStack 60 Meg Call. 

MacStack 20 Meg 569. 

MacStack 40 Meg 789. 

MacStack 60 Meg 849. 


The new high sp>ecd 
accessory. Summon 
Gofer with one 
keystroke to search 
out information in 
your disk files. Works 
with almost any file. 
(utilities) $44- 

BASF xsr DoaUc 
SSdtd Doable 

High c^>acity diskettes 
wi^ no c^>acity for 
error. Every Ht. every 
bite, on every track of 
each BASF 3.5* 
E)iskette is certified 
100% error free. 
WarrarUed for fife. 
(meeSa) $17. 


ResumeWriter takes all 
the hard work out of 
appl^i^ for a r)cw job. 
Just type in your 
answers to hs 
questions, and 
ResumeWriter will turn 
the information into a 
well organized, 
attractive resume. 
(education) $75. 

Spdfing Coach 
Pr o fessi onal 
Complete on-fine spell- 
ing and reference sys- 
tem indudes Merriam- 
Webstcr’s 158.000 
word dictionary. 

245.000 sytKmym 
thesaurus, hyphenation, 
arxi a dktionary with 

85.000 real definitions! 
(spelBng) $105. 

MaeSnap Plus 2 439. 

MaeSnap 1024 Mem. Exp. Board ..Call. 

MaraThon SP 189. 

MaralTion 020 Accelerators Call. 

MaraThon 030 Accelerator 1039. 


EMAC 20D (hard drive) 520. 

EMAC 20D Deluxe (0 footprint) 585. 

EMAC 40D Deluxe (0 footprint) 995. 

EMAC 60T (tape backup) 895. 



Right now your 
documents and 
sensitive files can 
be accessed by 
anyone when you’re 
not around! And 
networking means 
your data is even 
more accesstUe 
than before. Senti- 
nel protects confi- 
derrtial material by 
actually eiKoding 
the data, based on 
your password. 
Encry^ed documents 
or whole files can stiH 
be backed up. copied, 
or sent to remote 
sites. But they can 
only be read if you 
have the password. 
(utilities) $155. 

Unfliac) — Install a rugged, r^ble 
MiniScribe internal hard drive in your 
Phis. SE or Mac IL The unique rrKxmting 
kit stmjiied with eadi drive makes 
installation quick and easy. A cost 
effective solution to stora^ upgrades. 
20Mb Internal $379.or 45Mb $549. 

EMAC FS-102 2495. 

Impact Hard Drives Call. 


20Mb Raw Int Drive Kit 379. 

45Mb Raw Int Drive Kit 549. 


MacBottom HD21 (SCSI) Call for 

MacBottom HD32 (SCSI) special 

MacBottom HD45 (SCSI) 859.1 

MacBottom HD21 w/Modem 779." 

MacBottom HD32 w/Modem 829. 

MacBottom HD45 w/Modem 979. 

WSI (Vmi SCSI Interface) 269. 

Peripheral Land, Irn:. 

Infinity Turbo 40 Meg 1299. 


3.5 or 5.25 Int. Mounting Kits Call. 

Storware $69. 



Interfax 12/48 Call. 

Best Data Products 
SmartOne 2400/1200 with cable 

Cutting Edge 

CE-105 ADB Keyboard 99. 


Mac 101 Keyboard 139. 


New Turbo Mouse 119. 


MaeVision (digitizer) Call. 


IS/ADB Tablet 259. 

Cordless 4 Button Cursor 99. 

Mouse Systems 

A+ Mouse (512/Plus or SE/II) Call. 

New image 

MacScan (flatbed) 1749. 

Seikosha America 

Seikosha Printer (dot-matrix) 235. 


Bit Pad Plus 329. 




Sinartmodem 1200 


Smartmodem 2400 


Smartmodem 9600 (V series) 985. 

Mi gent 

Pocket Modem (ext 300/1200 baud)U5. 

Promodem 2400 309. 


NetModem 1200 359. 


Supra Modem 2400 149. 

US Robotics 

Courier 1200 Modem 199. 

Courier 2400 Modem 349. 



DS/DD (box of 10) 17. 


DS/DD (box of rOJ 18. 

SS/DD (box of 10) 13. 



ProPoint 89. 

Asher Engineering 

Turbo Trackball (512/Plus or SEril ) .. 69. 

Impact Hard Drives ( E v erex ) 

The EMAC ln^>act Drive series 
features high ^>eed performance, exter- 
nal SCSI addr^sing. external termination, 
wiusper quiet operation and a compact, 
sfim-fine chassis, (d/sk drives) 

60 Mb Drive or 40 Mb Drive Can. 


ThunderScan 4.0 (ind. Powerport) 199. 


Computer Friends, Inc. 

Macinker/Black Ink 3. 

Madnker (IW& IWII) 41. 


MacTilt or MacTilt SE 68. 

Mouse Cleaner 360 15. 

I/O Designs 

ImageWare II Carrying Case 49. 

ImageWriter LQ Ribbon Call. 

IW 11 Ribbons-Black or Color 5. 

Madnware Plus Carrying Case 64. 

Mactnware SE Carrying Case 75. 


Anti-Glare Rlter 33. 

Apple Security Kit - 34. 

Di^ Drive Cleaning Kit 20. 

Mac II Stand w/Cable Krt 65. 

Masterpiece Mac II 105. 

Modem/FAX Protector 20 25. 

PowerTree SurgeProtectors Call. 

System Saver 64. 

Mobius Products 

Fanny Mac QT 60. 

SE Silencer 39. 

Omnium (Corporation 

Mac Desktop Workstation 75. 

Orange Micro 

Grap^r L/Q or LS 92. 


Circular Polarizing Filter 35. 

Targus, Ltd. 

Deluxe Plus/SE-XKB Case (black) ...69. 

ImageWriter II Case (black) -49. 

Mac Plus/SE Case (black) 59. 

rm Kerry, call me at: 

1 - 800 - 255-6227 

If you re already a MaeWarehouse 
customer you Imow that 
beats our service. Our helpful 
telephone staff is standing by. 
seven days a week. Hace your 
order by 5:00 pm Eastern time 
(weekdays) and it s processed 
immediately for overnight 
delivery. Call us toll free 
right now. 

Circle 78 on reader service card 


Now Dac-Easy Light is available for 
the Macintosh! Ideal for the Mac en- 
vironment, Dac-Easy Light is fun, 
easy to use software for your personal 
or office accounting. It’s more than a 
check-writer or a personal finance 
manager. Light is a less fillhig com- 
plete system that requires no ac- 
counting knowledge whatsoever! 

Simply, select the predefined Home 
chart of accounts, and immediately 
you’re set for writing checks, posting 
credit card receipts, entering bank 
deposits and budgeting for the entire 

year. Debits and credits are transpar- 
ent to you since Light does the work. 
Write a check and Light’s intuitive 
pull-down menu structure takes you 
step by step from entering the amount 
to which category you expense. Valu- 
able information such as personal net 
worth statements are a snap, and the 
Variance Report gives you a bottom 
line for each month on expenditures 
versus budget. 

For the sole proprietor. Light func- 
tions as a complete General Ledger 
system with invoicing and statement 
capabilities. The predefined Office 
chart of accounts lets you instantly 
begin invoicing customers, tracking 

net worth, printing 
balance sheets and 
budgeting for the year. 

All with the ease synonymous to the 
Dac-Easy name. Plus, a line of forms 
including checks, invoices and state- 
ments are available with a sharp, pro- 
fessional design. 

If you’re looking for an accounting 
system for the home, office or both, 
the pick is easy. Dac-Easy Light. Fast 
installation, a bushel of extra features 
such as context-sensitive help and 
password protection, and the first 
complete “light” accounting program 
for the Macintosh home and office. 

See your Local Dealer or Call l'800-992'7779 for more details. 
Or use the coupon below to order. 

MAIL TO: Dac Software, Inc. • 1 7950 Preston Rd. • Suite 800 • Dalla.s, TX 75252-5740 


YES, please rush me 

copies of Dac-Easy Light for the Macintosh at $69.95 per 

copy plus $7.50 for shipping & handling ($17.50 outside the U.S.). Texas residents add sales tax. 

Phone (Important: Your phone no. is our reference number) 

Name Company 



Method of Payment (Please no C.O.D. or P.O. Boxes) □ Check □ Money Order □ MC □ AMX □ VISA 
Account # Expires Signature 

30-DAY MONEY BACK GUARANTEE Dac offers 30-day imconditional guaiantee on all products bought direetty from Dac Software (less shipping charges). MINIMUM HARDWARE 
REQUIREMENTS Dac-Easy Light for the Macintosh runs on Macintosh 51 2K/Plus/SE/II. Macintosh is a trademaric licensed to Apple Computer, Inc. Dac-Easy is a trademaric of Dac 
Software, Inc., 17950 Preston RdL, Suite 800, DaOas, TX 75252. Copyright C 1988, Dac Software, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 

CODE 301 

Insights on HyperCard 

Liven any stack with simple but 
striking graphic effects 

by Ronald Wartow 

Recently, 1 used HyperTalk to program a 
fantasy adventure game that had scores of 
visual tricks. At first, all 1 could script were 
a few catchy effects with the visual effect and 
flash commands. But 1 wanted swords ap- 
pearing and vanishing, game characters 
foaming a dynamic countryside, and wiz- 
ards hurling lightning bolts. To my sur- 
prise, 1 found it easy to create concise 
scripts tapping HyperCard s powerful 
graphics and animation capabilities. 

Startling visuals can enhance even 
serious stacks. Best of all, creating them 
requires no graphics or animation talent, 
only imagination and a casual familiarity 
with HyperQird and HyperTalk. 

All of HyperCard’s a Stage 

The theater is a u.seful metaphor for 
helping HyperTalk shed its imposing ve- 
neer. In this theater, each card within a 
stack is a stage containing close-up and dis- 
tant scenery, with 512 tiny steps (pixels) 
from stage left to stage right and 342 tiny 
vSteps from the fly loft to the proscenium. 
The card s buttons and fields are actors, 
and the I lyperTalk scripts are stage direc- 
tions expressed in plain English. 

You direct a play by showing, hiding, 
altering, and moving HyperCard s thes- 
pians. Scripts are logically triggered by 
familiar events, like mouse clicks. The 
actors make their entrance wiien you in- 
clude show [field or button] in a HyperTalk 
script; conversely, they disappear from the 
stage when you use hide [field or button]. It s 

Ronald Wartow is an attorney' tvho left bis Wash- 
ington, IXC., law practice to develop entertain- 
ment software for the Macintosh. 

equally simple to script time delays. Wait 
60 [ticks] means delay 1 second between 
actions (a tick is equal to Vea second). 

(Or, less grammatically, you can say waiti 
seconds. ) Domenu followed by a HyperCard 
menu command (for example, select all) ac- 
tivates that command as if you had selected 
it with the mouse. 

While scripting visuals requires exact 
HyperTalk syntax, the language fortunately 
recognizes synonyms and abbreviations 

(Version 1.2 Release Notes has a complete 
list of these). More important, the syntax is 
generally recognizable as standard Macin- 
tosh lingo (see “Taking Command of 
HyperTalk”). HyperCard s HyperTalk Help 
Stack lists the commands you’ll need to 
become a sophisticated playwright. But to 
dabble in the drama of visual effects, sim- 
ply follow the scripts below’; 


Macworld 79 

How To/Insights 

Our Ad Budget 
to provide you with 
every benefit possible. 
Compare us to jill the rest. 
It's a deal you can't refuse! 


Business Sense 1.1 

Digital Darkroom 
Expressionist 2.0 
Systat+/ SE 3.2 



$ 70.56 


Fax STF Modem $565.00 

Gemini 030 AcceU 20 MHZ 1383.60 
Proviz Color Video Digitizer 1322.10 
Sigma 19" Color Max/ MacII 4890.20 
Tempo II 79.00 



0 ^ 




Black Ribbons 
Mac Flip (Holds 80 disks) 
MacO^ner (Opens Mac case) 16.75 
Sony DS/DD (10 Boxed) 17.50 

• Order Line ^ 

r \ • Cats 

• Customer Service 
Shipping-rentals over $150^ 
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$3 Shipping • Visa & MasterCard 


P.O. Box 980305 • Houston, Tx • 77098 

► MacTips 

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Mac Products 


'V Catalog & 


Taking Command of HyperTalk 

HyperCard's Help Stack (top) and Version 1.2 Re- 
lease Notes contain easy-to-follow information 
about HyperTalk. And the stacks bundled with 
HyperCard offer a wealth of scripts to explore. 

Billboards and Ticker Tapes 

Nothing attracts attention more than 
surprise movement in a stack. Let’s simu- 
late a moving billboard bearing an impor- 
tant message. Start by opening HyperCard 
1.21, going to the User Preferences Card, 
and selecting Scripting under User Level. 
Create a new stack. Select New Field under 
the Objects menu and create a visible field. 
Select the browse tool under the Tools 
menu, click on the field, then type There's no 
business like show business! 

Now use the Objects menu to create 
a new button and drag it to the bottom of 
the screen. You can double-click on the re- 
sulting button to fetch the button info box, 
then click on Script to pull down the script 
box. Or use this shortcut: press 3€-Option 
and click on the button to go directly to the 
script box. Insert the following (without 
my parenthetical comments) between on 
mouseUp and end mouseUp in the script box: 
show card field 1 at 75,171 

(The field appears in the left center of the 
screen. The numbers 75,1*71 represent the 
location of the card field. Locations are 
points measured in pixels from the top-left 
corner of the card window. The first num- 

ber is the horizontal coordinate; the sec- 
ond, the vertical one.) 

repeat 10 

put the location of card field 1 into it 

(HyperCard puts field location into mem- 

add 30 to item 1 of it 

(HyperCard adds 30 pixels to the horizon- 
tal coordinate of the field location.) 

show card field 1 at it 

(Field jumps 30 pixels to the right.) 

end repeat 

(The field stops at 375,171; right center of 

Press the tab key to make sure the 
script is aligned properly. Click on Okay, 
hit §§-Tab to choose the browse tool, and 
press the new button. The field dances 
across the screen from left to right. (Now 
that we Ve walked through setting up an ef- 
fect once, ril use a bit of shorthand. The in- 
struction script/click means that you 
should insert the script that follows in a 
button script box between on mouseUp and 
end mouseUp, click on Okay, choose the 
browse tool, then press the button for 

By cutting and pasting the script, you 
can alter or add desired variables, like the 
number of jumps or where the field begins 
its journey. Substitute 261,20 for 75,171 and 
substitute add 30 to item 2 of it for add 30 to item 1 
of it, and the field appears at the top center 
and takes 10 jumps down to the bottom 
center of the card. If you insert hide card field 
1 and wait 60 before end repeat, the field disap- 
pears for a second after each jump. You 
must add show card field 1 after end repeat to 
make the card field reappear. 

You can create a new card, button, and 
field for new scripts or simply delete the 
original script and experiment with one 
card. To paint a message on the screen in 
MacPaint, choose the text tool; set the font, 
style, and alignment; click at the desired in- 
sertion point; and type. HyperTalk com- 
mands easily automate the process. Script/ 

choose text tool 

set textfont to Venice (or any font you prefer) 
set textsize to 14 
set textstyle to bold 
set textalign to left 

(Font set to Venice 14 bold, text typed left 
to right.) 
click at 75,271 

type The rehearsal will break for 8 minutes." 
domenu revert 
choose browse tool 


80 February 1989 

“Daddy says he owes his success to who 
he met in college, who he met in business and 
to Mommy who told him to save his information 
on Sony data cartridges’.’ 

^ es, it certainly is impor- 
tant. Because a data car- 
W tridge is used for critical 
Jm document storage. So it 
goes without saying that reliabil- 
ity is its most important asset. 

And reliability is unmatched 
in Sony data cartridges. 

AJfter all, reliability in a data 
cartridge means only one thing; 
no loss of data. And, when it 
comes to that, Sony data car- 
tridges have been proven mea- 
surably better. 

As the two charts on this 
page show Sony data cartridges 
have the lowest dropout rate of 
any data cartridges made. Even 

after 5,000 passes. 

Perhaps that’s because only 
Sony manufactures every single 




^ ,1 

L.SSZ ; 


part of their data cartridges. 

Or perhaps it’s because 
Sony has such a long history of 
painstaking perfection in data 
storage for every media. 

Including the invention of 
the 3, 5" floppy disk format. 

The benefit of all our exper- 
tise will not only help your firm, 
it will also help you at your firm 
when you tell them: Tb make 
sure your critical documents are 
safe, just save them on a Sony 


1988 Sony Corporation of America. Sony and The One and Only are trademarks of Sony 

Circle 208 on reader service card 

How To/Insights 


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Circle 56 on reader service card 

The message scrolls from left to right 
at the bottom of the screen after you press 
the button. If you make domenu revert and 
choose browse tool the last two lines of scripts 
that use paint tools, the graphics will reset 
to a pre-mouse-click state after each script 

Using the same idea, but in a text field, 
let’s imagine a bull market for high-tech 
stocks. Scripi/click 

select line 1 of card field 1 
type '‘APPLE 38.5 DEC 91 IBM 119.5 ' 
wait 120 

select line 1 of card field 1 
type '‘APPLE 80 DEC 170 IBM 150 ' 
wait 120 

select line 1 of card field 1 
type “MARKET TOPS 3000 " 

These three examples demonstrate 
not only the ease of effective visual script- 
ing, but also the substantial control a scrip- 
ter has over what appears on the screen. 

Buttons and Fields 

Rather than manually selecting one 
icon for a button, you can script a selection 
by using the number assigned to each icon. 
(You’ll need to double the height of the 
button so the largest icon fits.) Script/click 
repeat 5 

set the icon of card button 1 to 6179 

set the icon of card button 1 to 29484 

set the icon of card button 1 to 19162 

set the icon of card button 1 to 32650 
end repeat 

This displays four different hand icons 
in order from smallest to largest, an effec- 
tive animated attention-getter. 

Not all scripts have to be utilitarian. To 
playfully frustrate browsers, you can create 
a “run away’’ button that leaves home. 

show card button 1 at the clickH,the clickV +70 

(The button jumps down the card 70 pixels 
when it is pressed. Be careful — depending 
on where the button is placed, it may leap 
off the card.) 

My fantasy game required lots of small 
graphics, but I’m no artist. Instead, I used 
graphics fonts; since fields hold text and 
graphics, HyperCard considers font charac- 


82 February 1989 

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Grde 232 on reoder service card 

How To/Insights 

lers as text. To animate a field with a desig- 
nated graphics font, script/click 


set textfont of card field 1 to Cairo 
(or any graphic font) 
set textsize of card field 1 to 18 
put after character 6 of line 1 of card field 1 

put * n* after character 13 of line 1 of card field 1 
put *0* after character 4 of line 2 of card field 1 
pot ‘’ra" after character 15 of line 2 of card field 1 
end repeat 

With a few easily scriptable enhance- 
ments, you could make a card look like the 
Golden Gate Bridge at rush hour. For a lit- 
tle spice, heighten or widen the field by in- 
serting anywhere in the above script set 
height of card field 1 to 120 and/or set width of card 
field 1 to 2S0. 

Hiding and showing fields and buttons 
is another simple way to create flashy visu- 
als. Script/click 

put "Hide and Seek" into card field 1 
hide card field 1 
lock screen 
show card field 1 

unlock screen with bam door open very slow 

(or any visual command) 

Using the lock and unlock screen com- 
mands causes HyperCard 1.2 s visual ef- 
fects to operate on fields and buttons. 
Please note that if you’re using a Mac II, vi- 
sual effects such as bam door, dissolve, 
wipe, and so on, won’t work unless you set 
the monitor characteristics in the Q)ntrol 
Panel to Black & White/Grays, and you set 
the number of Colors to 2. 

For some nifty scripting footwork, 
repeat 10 

show card button 1 
show card field 1 
hide card button 1 
hide card field 1 
end repeat 

set textfont of card field 1 to geneva 
lock screen 
show card field 1 

pot "On with the show!" into card field 1 
unlock screen with dissolve slow 
show card button 1 

The button and field app>ear and dis- 
appear alternately; then, in a nice effect, 
the field appears with a message. 

More Show and Tell 

Let s display some dazzling animation 
combined with Hyp)erCard s visual effects. 
Dazzling doesn’t mean complicated, so 
long as you view the script as a mirror of 
what you would do manually. Place one 
graphic on a new card and another on the 
card’s backgnxind by using the Import 
Paint command (or use HyperCard’s p>aint 
tools to create the graphics). Script/click 
hide card picture 
hide background picture 
wait GO 
lock screen 

show background picture 
unlock screen with dissolve slow 
wait GO 
lock screen 

hide background picture 

show card picture 

unlock screen with checkerboard 

In an instant, the graphics disappc^ar 
and only the button and field are visible. 
After a second’s delay, the background 
graphic reappears in a dissolve, followed 
by the reappearance of the card graphic 
and the disappearance of the background 


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84 R*bruary 1989 

Introducing the Sharp JX-300 letter size color 

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Circle 327 on reader service cord 


And not just on Excel 
and MacDraw like weVe shown 

Excel ivith Excel. It takes almost 17 seconds to fill this spreadsheet on the Mac SE. 
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Be quicker on the draw. You can draw this on the Mac SE in about 42 seconds. 
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Circle 82 on reader service card 

How To/Insights 

Finder, MulliFinder and Macintosti arc trade- 
marks ol Apple Computer. Inc IBM is a regis- 
tered trademark ol International Business 
Machines Corporation -Traveling Software 
and LAP-LINK Mac are registered trademarks 
ol Traveling Software. Inc 

Circle 304 on reader service card 

With LAP-LINK Mac Ws this easy. 

Introducing LAP-LINK Mac. A new, easier way to share files 
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graphic. Notice that the script is short and 
logical, despite its visual impact. 

Want to see your name up in lights? To 
create a marquee effect, you can repeat- 
edly execute the Trace Edges command 
around a card. Use the text tool to type 
your name on the card, then script/click 
choose select tool 
domenu select all 
repeat 10 

domenu trace edges 
end repeat 
domenu revert 
choose browse tool 

Try substituting other Paint Menu 
goodies for Trace Edges or combine sev- 
eral commands in the same script. Incor- 
porate fresh card and background graphics 
to experiment (see “Experimentation 
Pays Off”)- 

Experimentation Pays Off 

You can build on simple scripts to create a vari- 
ety of graphics. You can use HyperTalk com- 
mands to select a graphic, flip it ( with the Flip 
Horizontal command), and add a catchy line of 
text at the press of a button. 

Dissolve and Conquer 

Do you find HyperTalk’s slowest dis- 
solve too fast? For an agonizingly slow 
dissolve that will practically erase a card 


88 Februan' 1989 


itfe so ea^to access 
anIBM mainfimne, 

If you’re like most Macintoslf users, 
one of the reasons you got hooked on 
the Macintosh in the first place is that 
it’s so easy to use. 

Which is ^^^y youll be happy to know 
that now you can use any Macintosh, 
from the 512Ke to the Macintosh II, 
to access any IBM" 
mainframe with 
scarcely more than 
the click of a mouse. ^ 

IBM mainframe link 
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definable screen colors. 

In all candor, Mien it 
i comes to 

link is as true to the 
Macintosh ideal as MacMainRame. 

R)r the authorized MacMainRame 
dealer or distributor nearest you, call 
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Macintosh is a registered trademark of A{^ Computer inc. IBM is a a'gistcned trademark of Internationa) Business 
Machines Corporation. Avatar is a registered trademark and NfacMainFrame is a trademark of Avatar Corporation. 

Circle 319 on reader service card 


to one 

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Circle 26 on reader service card 



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How To/Insights 

graphic, .script/click 
choose select tool 
domenu select all 
repeat 50 

domenu lighten (or domenu darken) 
end repeat 
domenu revert 
choose browse tool 

Drawing an oval (or a rectangle or a 
polygon) fille(J with a pattern should be 
second nature to you. Dragging the mouse 
from point A to point B on the Macintosh 
screen is also familiar action easily 
scripted. To automate both processes, 
choose oval tool 
set filled to true 
set pattern to 12 
(Sets pattern to black.) 
drag from 150,150 to 325^ 
domenu revert 
choose browse tool 

You can even simulate a fast or slow 
drag by setting the dragspeed. Adding set 
dragspeed to 300 before the drag line slows 
down the action (300 is the number of 
pixels per second). 

The Roar of the Greasepaint 

It’s fairly simple to dissect a graphic, 
make its parts float around the screen, and 
then reassemble it (see “Dark Shadows”). 
Create a menacing presence (could it be 
the Phantom of the Opera?) by script/ 
hide card field 1 
choose oval tool 
set linesize to 4 
set centered to true 
set dragspeed to 60 
set multiple to true 
(Draws multiple ovals.) 
set muitispace to 1 

(Sets spacing between ovals.) 

set filled to false 
drag from 261,171 to 520,520 
(Black shadow looms closer.) 
domenu select all 
repeat 2 

domenu flip horizontal 

domenu flip vertical 
end repeat 

(Creates a swirl effect.) 

put "Sorry, all seats sold out" into card field 1 
show card field 1 
domenu revert 
choose browse tool 

Remember the movie Jatvs? Add 
sound to your animation to recreate the vil- 


Circle 12 on reader service card 

90 February 1989 

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The Spirit of Innovation. 


How To/lnsights 

If your work involvos 
you should discovor 

and information” 

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• Allows for an unlimited number of maps, each representing 
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search text should be confined to a sentence, paragraph or 
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Circle 382 on reader service card 

Darb Shadows 

Animated shadows and swirls are easy to create 
with simple HyperTalk scripts. 

lain of the sea, Script/click 

choose regular polygon tool 
set polystdes to 3 
(Draws a fin.) 

set pattern to randon of 40 
(The triangle fills with one of the 40 paint 
patterns picked at random.) 
set filled to tnie 
drag from 362320 to 36^270 
choose select tool 
drag from 306366 to 420342 
(Marquee selects the fin.) 
dofnena copy ptctwe 
set dragspeed to 200 
play boing tempo 250*cececece" 

(A little travdin’ music) 
drag from 378383 to 100383 with — « 

(The fin moves from bottom right of screen 
to bottom left of screen, making multiple 
images of itself.) 

domenu select all 
dom ei wi cat pictHre 
domenu revert 
choose browse tool 

For a more menacing shark effect, set 
the pattern to 12 for solid black. 

Future Productions 

You can rewrite any of the above 
scripts by adding layers of variables. You 
can also set and reset the object proper- 
ties, move objects around, atKl alter ob- 
jects. You have a free hand in scripting your 
own HyperCard productions. But don’t let 
your thespians overact or stay on stage too 
long. A li^t touch with animation will win 
a standing ovation from your browsers on 
opening night. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

92 February 1989 


t jj 

■ ^ 

1 1 

1 • , ^ ^ 1 


P world to explore. Ill Colony's mysteries. Ill 

Unprecedented III Where ore the ||| 

graphic technology ^ ' ~ human inhabitants 

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Circle 161 on reader service card 

Quick Tips 

Answers to your questions 

by Lon Poole 

As the Macintosh systematically becomes 
more complex, it seems that even the most 
general tips don’t work with all applica- 
tions. Take the advice that appeared in / 
Quick Tips (September 1988) about typing 
the §€-key symbol, the Apple logo, and 
other hidden characters. On a Mac SE or 
Mac II using the Chicago font, you can 
press Control-Q for §§, Control-R for w, 
Control-S for ♦ , and Control-T for ^ . 

Such a simple idea should work every- 
where. But those keystrokes do nothing in 
MacWrite, reports Willis G. McMillan of 
Madison, Wisconsin. George E. Measel of 
Umatilla, Florida, also had poor luck. My 
subsequent investigation shows that the 
keystrokes do work with the majority of 
applications; notable exceptions include 
MacWrite, HyperCard, Cricket Draw, and 

Mac 512K-Almost-E 

Technically, you need at least a Mac 
512KE to start directly from a hard disk. But 
if you’ve ever had your Mac 512K’s logic 
board replaced, you probably have the part 
of the 512KE that you need to start up from 
a hard disk. Jim Cobb of Virginia Beach, 
Virginia, says Apple puts the enhanced 
128K ROM on the 512K logic boards it sup- 
plies for service swaps. 

Q Tape Backup Benefits 

Explain to me please why it is pref- 
erable to have a tape system as a backup 
instead of a second hard disk. It seems to 
me that with a two-hard-disk configuration. 

Lon Poole answers readers' questions and offers 
advice in bis monthly Maworld column. Many of 
the tips he's compiled can be found in his book 
Mac Insights (Microsoft Press, 1987) and in the 
more recent HyperTalk (Microsoft Press, 1988). 

should something happen to drive 1, you 
could be up and running in a matter of 
minutes on drive 2. You can’t do this with 
tape. Price is not a deciding factor, since 
tape drives and hard disks cost about 
the same. 

Harrison L. Bowers 
Abingdon, Maryland 

A One tape drive can back up any 

number of hard disks. Tape also al- 
lows you to make multiple backups. Should 
the most recent backup fail at the same 
time as the hard disk, you can use the next 
most recent backup. You can also keep a 
backup at a location away from your Mac 
in case the whole system is stolen or de- 
stroyed. However, many people do back up 
to a second hard disk for the reasons you 
cite. Perhaps the best compromise is a re- 
movable-media hard disk drive (see “Why 
Say No to Backup?” November 1988). 

Q Random HyperTalk 

Is there a way to get a random 
number in HyperTalk? 

Adam Purcell 
Wickliffe, Ohio 

A Use the Random function, as in the 
following example: 
put the random of 12 into diceToss 
if diceToss is 7 or diceToss is 11 
then answer "Craps, you lose!" with "Phooey." 
(At this point, I could crassly plug my 
HyperTalk quick-reference book, Hyper- 
Talk, published by Microsoft Press [$5.95 at 
your bookstore], but I won’t.) 

Q A Tall-Adjusted Ruler 

On my Mac Plus, the ruler in Micro- 
soft Word is 6 inches wide, but on the Mac 
Plus in my office, the same ruler is G/i 

inches wide. What causes the difference? 
How can I get the wider ruler at home? 
Ichiro Mori 
Berkeley, California 

A ril bet your Mac Plus at work is 
connected to a LaserWriter and 
your Mac Plus at home is connected to an 
ImageWriter. When you change printers. 
Word, MacWrite, WriteNow, and most other 
word processors adjust their formatting 
rulers according to the resolution, or dot 
spacing, of the current printer. 

To see the 6y2-inch ruler on your Mac 
at home, select the Tall Adjusted option in 
Word’s Print dialog box, click OK, and im- 
mediately press §§-Period several times to 
cancel printing. The Tall Adjusted option 
makes the ImageWriter’s spacing match the 
LaserWriter’s. Note that the Tall Adjusted 
option appears in the Page Setup dialog of 
most other applications, including version 
4 of Microsoft Word (which should be out 
by the time you read this). 

Alternatively, you can copy the Laser- 
Writer driver from the System Folder of 
your Mac at work to the System Folder of 
your Mac at home. Then use the Chooser 
at home to select the LaserWriter, even 
though you don’t have a LaserWriter there. 
With any application except Word version 
3, you must also choose Page Setup (and 
dick on OK) to effect the ruler change. 

Quick Color Overhead 
Tip: Have you ever needed an over- 
head transparency in a hurry — and in 
color? Hewlett-Packard’s PaintJet transpar- 
ency film in an ImageWriter II with a color 
ribbon produces good results. Although 
the ink smears a little, it adheres well 
enough to take fine patterns. Printing a 
color pie chart using Cricket Graph on a 
Mac SE took me 1 minute 20 seconds in 


Maworld 97 

How To/Quick Tips 

Fast quality, 2 minutes 55 seconds in Best 

Michael Wilcox 
Elkhart, Indiana 

Bring Closest or Send Farthest 
Tip: To send a HyperCard Held or but- 
ton behind all other fields and buttons in 
the same layer (card or background) and 
thereby set its number to 1, select the ob- 
ject and press §§-Shifi-+. To bring a field or 
button to the front of all other fields and 
buttons in the same layer and thereby as- 
sign to it the highest number of all similar 
objects, select the object and press §€-Shift- 
hyphen. With these shortcuts, you can re- 
order objects more easily than with the 
Bring Closer and Send Farther menu com- 
mands or their keystroke equivalents. 
Claude Dazelor 
Marseilles, France 

Field Name Reminder 
Tip: When designing a HyperCard 
stack, it s easy to forget field names or lose 
track of hidden fields. To refresh your 
memory, simply choose Print Report from 
the File menu. The field-selection scroll 

box lists the names of all fields in the cur- 
rent background. When you’re finished re- 
viewing, click on Cancel to abort the Print 

Robert L. James 

Fairport, New York 

Broken Keyboard Crutch 

Tip: If a key on your keyboard breaks, 
copy the character it types from another 
place in the document and paste it where 
you need it. If the character doesn’t appear 
elsewhere, use the Key Caps desk acces- 
sory to generate it. In the Key Caps win- 
dow, click the broken key (with the Shift 
and Option keys pressed, if necessary) to 
generate the needed character. Then copy 
the character from Key Caps and paste it to 
your document. 

Luc Villeneuve 

Saint-Gervais, Quebec, Canada 

Contributmg editor Erfert Fenton sug- 
gests using a utility such as MacKey - 
meleon by Avenue Software to reassign 
a broken key's characters to another 

T\vo Sides in PageMaker 

Tip: I use PageMaker 3.0 all day and 
occasionally need double-sided copies. 

The method discussed in Quick Tips (Sep- 
tember 1988) is OK, but I’ve developed a 
better method for PageMaker. First you 
print the even-numbered pages in reverse 
order, and then on their flip sides you print 
the odd-numbered pages in normal order. 
The result is collated correctly. 

Choose Page Setup from the File 
menu and select the Double-Sided and Fac- 
ing Pages options. On the master pages, set 
the ruler origin to the top left corner of the 
left page. Choose Print from the File menu, 
and select the Reverse Order and Manual 
Tile options. Click OK, and all the even- 
numbered pages print, with the last one on 
top. (On a LaserWriter II, you can accom- 
plish the Reverse Order option manually 
by opening the exit door on the side.) 

Still on the master pages, move 
the ruler origin to the top left corner of 
the right page. Place the stack of even- 
numbered pages face down in the paper 
tray, top edge nearest the printer. If the 
document has more odd-numbered pages 
than even-numbered pages, add a blank 
sheet of paper to the top of the paper tray. 

Now print again, with the Reverse Order 
option off but with the Manual Tile option 

Brian Becksted 

Tucson, Arizona 

Rubber lype 

Tip: PageMaker lets you stretch or 
shrink graphics but not text. You could 
make text a graphic object by typing it in 
MacDraw and then cutting and pasting it 
into PageMaker. But MacDraw provides no 
control over kerning and less control over 
line spacing than PageMaker. 

IVopical Weather 



Elastic Text 

You can stretch and shrink text in PageMaker 
after converting it to a graphic. Select the text 
using the pointer tool, copy it to the Scrapbook, 
and then place the Scrapbook using the Place 

But you can convert text to a graphic 
without leaving PageMaker. Select the text 
using PageMaker’s arrow-shaped pointer 
tool, not its I-beam-shaped Text tool. Next 
copy the text and paste it into the Scrap- 
book. Then use PageMaker’s Place com- 
mand with the Scrapbook file, which is in 
the System Folder. When PageMaker 
places the Scrapbook file, the mouse 
pointer changes to a shape with a number 
that indicates how many items are in the 
Scrapbook. Clicking the mouse button 
places the next item from the Scrapbook 
into your document. 

After placing the graphic version 
of your text, you can resize it by dragging 
the square black handles at its corners 
and sides (see “Elastic Text”). The Page- 

Maker manuals have more information on 
resizing graphics and on placing the Scrap- 
book file. 

Alfred Giordianojr 

Brooklyn, New York 

Flipped Over Bound Text 

Tip: Cricket Draw 1.1 lets you bind 
text to a curved path (see “Bound and Re- 
flected”). If the path to which you bind is 
reflected on the A:-axis, thej-axis, or both, 
the bound text will be reflected the same 

Tom Poehlmann 

Canoga Park, California 


Bound and 

Bound text in Cricket 
Draw 1.1 can be 
turned upside doum 
and backwards using 
the Reflect On X and 
Reflect On Y com- 
mands from the 
Arrange menu. 

sriJ ** 


Plug a 330-megabyte MacDisk” drive into your Mac^ and scream 
through all the high-p>erformance applications you want. No stall- 
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Programs load in about 18 milliseconds. Data transfers at up to 13 
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And MacDisk is already formatted, so it’s out of the box, hooked 
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\Wth certification at a whopping 000-hour Mean Time Between 
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Call now, and get your Mac off the blocks with a 65-MB, 100-MB, 
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Circle 334 on redder service card 

How To/Quick Tips 

Sharper Printed Graphics 
Tip: A LaserWriter IISC prints bit- 
mapped graphics — MacPaint drawings, 
scanned images, rotated text in MacDraw, 
and so forth — at a jagged 72 dots per inch 
(dpi) instead of the 300 dpi at which it 
prints ordinary text and object-oriented 
graphics. You can double the print quality 
of bitmapped graphics to 144 dpi by creat- 
ing them double-size and printing them 
half-size. For example, draw an entire Mac- 
Paint or MacDraw document at twice its 
printed size and select the 50% Reduction 
option in the Page Setup dialog box before 
printing. If you copy a double-size bit- 
mapped graphic to a page-layout or word 
processing application that permits resiz- 
ing of graphics, then downsize the graphic 
by half after p>asting and print the docu- 
ment fiill-size. 

Glerm S. Fawcett 
Vancouver, British Columbia 

Tip: The same technique works on 
other LaserWiter models, where you can 
^jedfy any reduction factor. Terry Wilson 
of Ml Holly, New Jersey, also recommends 

reducing to 50 percent. You can reduce to 
24 percent for 300 dpi resolution, but your 
graphics may lose detail. At 300 dpi, white 
areas become partially filled by the natural 
diffusion of the black dots. 

Tip: Even on an ImageWriter you can 
have double-printed resolution by printing 
a double-size graphic at 50 percent reduc- 
tion. Andrew Wynn Rouse Orlando, Flor- 
ida, notes that the technique works with ail 
graphics on a ImageWriter, even with Illus- 
trator drawings. The results are so good he 
almost never resorts to renting time on a 

Sum Easy Formula 
Tip: Excels SUM function is very 
powerful but is tedious to enter. The fol- 
lowing two-line macro relieves the tedium: 

= FORMULA!* = SUM(R(-*&(R0WS 

This macro builds a SUM formula that adds 
all cells in a one-column range except the 
last cell, and enters the formula in that last 
cell. After entering the macro on a macro 
sheet, name it and give it a keystroke short- 
cut asing the Define Name command. 

To use the macro, select the cell 
where you want the formula put and then 
extend the selection up to the first cell of 
the range to be summed. The macro only 
works if the active ceil Ls the last one in the 
selection. After selecting the range to be 
summed, press the keystroke shortcut that 
you defin^ for the macro. 

The same type of macro can be used 
to automate entry of (Xher Excel functions 
that operate on a range of cells, such as 

Garry R. Burgess 

Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 

We pay from $25 to $100 for tips pub- 
lisbedhere. Send tips or questions (in- 
clude your address and phone number) 
to Quick Tips, Macworld, 501 Second St., 
San Francisco, CA 94107. Send electronic 
mail to CompuServe (70370, 702) or MCI 
Mail (addressed to Macworld). All pub- 
lished submissions become the property 
©/■Macworid. □ 

Picture PermanenL 

Color Output That Sizzles 
From Your Apple* Macintosh™ II. 

If you’re looking for an easy-to-use color printer that delivers fast, high 
quality color output, with full Apple Macintosh II compatibility, look at the 
G330-70 finom Mitsubishi Electronics. 

A built-in video interface enables the G330-70 to create a permanent copy 
on glossy paper or transparency film of any image viewed on your computer 

With 150 dots per inch resolution, the G330-70 is ideally suited for presen- 
tation graphics, paint-type graphic art and PC CAD. It operates smoothly in 
several PC environments, including the Apple Macintosh II, IBM* PC/XT/ AT 
and compatibles, or IBM PS/2.™ The G330-70 can print the screen displays 
from popular graphics boards, including Mac II, CGA, EGA and VGA. 

For fast, bold, brilliant color output directly from your monitor, specify the 
Mitsubishi* G330-70. At a su^ested retail price of $5900, the G330-70 ofi^ the 
most convenient method for high quality color output 

For product information or nearest authorized Mitsubishi 
Electronics sales representatives, please call 1-800-556-1234, 
ext 54R. In California, call 1-800^1-2345, ext 54R. Mitsubishi 
Electronics America, Inc., Computer Peripherals Division, 

991 Knox Street, Torrance, CA 90502, (213) 217-5732. 

The G330-70 color thermal 
transfer printer produces a 
fuU<olxn8^* X ll" page or 
transparency in about ^ seconds. 


Grcle 65 on reader service card 

45 MB Removable 
Cartridge SCSI 
Hard Disk Drive 

Micro/Removable Cartridge Hard Disk Drive 

The Micro/Removable, 25 ms, 45 MB winchester hard 
disk is fasterthan some fixed hard disks. They are excel- 
lent for organizing related data or for fast back-up of fixed 
hard disk drives. The cartridges can be locked away for 
security or safely mailed to remote locations and have 
the reliability of a floppy diskette. You can boot from the 
removable, if needed, and the system is compatible with 
the Macintosh Plus, SE or Madntosh II. Utility indudes 
password protection and a DA to mount volume. 

Micro/Stock Series Fixed Hard Disk Drives 

MicroNet offers 30, 46, 62, 91 , 1 73 MB, fast access hard 
disk drives, as well as a 1 50 and 300 MB streaming tape 
backup system in a stackable cabinet. Internal brackets 
available for the Madntosh SE or II. Great care was 
taken in the design of these systems to ensure reliabilty. 
1 50, 300, 600 MB, 1 6^ ms. Wren III, IV and V Systems. 
MicroNet spedalizes in Control Data drives that are 
industry known for their reliability arxi speed. Internal 
and external systems with tape combinations available. 

We are dedicated Macintosh only developers. 

Call for the name of your nearest dealer. Product data sheets gladly sent on request. 

Charles F. McConathy, President 

MicroNet Technology, Inc. 


12765- A Alton Parkway • Irvine, CA 92718 • Telephone: (714)837-6033 

FAX: (714) 837-1164 • AppleLink: D 1 656 • CompuServe: 76004,161 1 

Dealers circle 275 on reader service card 

End Users circle 398 on reader service card 

Gives Y)u A// The Color Choices 

CoiorBoard 108 

RasierOps 19485 19^ Trinitron Monitor 

CoiorBoard 100 
RasterOps 16485 / 6 ^ Trinitron Monitor 

CoiorBoard 104 

RasterOps 19485 19^ Trinitron Monitor 

For layouts, color comps, desktop 
publishing, CAD/CAM or slides for 
your next business presentation you 
need access to 16.7 million colors. 

Our 8-bit CoiorBoard is the ideal 
match for Quark XPress, Aldus Per- 
suasion, Cricket Presents and other 
Mac II software. Multi-resolution 
allows you to run 19 " hi-res Trinitron 
monitors, 16'' monitors and Apple 13 " 
monitors, all in WYSIWYG. 

For graphics and video, CoiorBoard 
100 is a powerful 8-bit enabler. Open 
the door to presentation graphics, 
desktop publishing and video applica- 
tions. You can scan in an image, design 
with it and output to a color printer, 
film recorder, or using NTSC or PAL 
standards, output to a VCR. 

For uncompromising applica- 
tions — polished comps, color separa- 
tions, pre-press — 24-bit color is a 
must. Hi-res CoiorBoard 104 delivers 
photographic brilliance and realism 
on Sony, Mitsubishi, Seiko, Taxan and 
other leading monitors. Using soft- 
ware like LaserPaint Color II, Canvas 
2.0, Spectra Match and Spectra Print, 
get mainframe performance at a 
fraction of the cost. 

All iTfctMrrrd and uncrgmemJ crademarks abnwv ane the sole pcvpcTt>' of their mpective companies. Raytracrd molecular ima|ee courtesy of Ri^- Tracii^ Corpor at ion. 

And No Regrets: 

The PATH: if you choose 8-bit 
color today, you can still upgrade 
to 32-bit systems later. We’ll also 
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Only RasterOps offers this no- 
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Call today: (408) 446-4090 

For your local RasterOps dealer. 

ColorBoant 64 
Apple 1 3^* Mo ft itor 

Graphic design and video benefit 
from 24-bit color with ColorBoard 
64. Work with photographic quality 
images on your monitor, then record 
them on a VCR using NTSC video 
output. Perfect for all Mac II graphics 
and video production packages — like 
VideoWorks II. 

FrattieGntbber 324 
RasterOps I948S 19” Trinitron Monitor 

Capture images, live via video cam- 
era, or from recorded media in NTSC, 
S-Video or RGB video formats with 
the FrameGrabber 324 video digitizer. 
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Wen changing the nay people look at computer^^ 

Circle 13 on reader service card 


Apple \ wiid have designed, 
hadtheygone into 
the ftimiture business. 

Any company with tlie vision to create a 
product as elegant and useful as the Macintosh, 
would have hit it big in any industry. 

Fortunately, Apple, chose computers. 

We, on the other hand, chose to make 
furniture. More specifically, the MadTable. 

Like die Macintosh itself, the Madfable was 
created to put information at your fingertips, 
quickly and easily. We accomplish this by 
thinking of the workspace not as an inflexible 
monolith, but as a network of individual 
surfaces onto which you can place each of 
your Mac components, like your printer, 
modem, external drive, mouse, even manuals. 
Everything with plenty of elbow room, easily 
within reach, and there when you need it. 

Next, each surface tilts to optimize your 
eye-to-screen and hand-to-component 

efficiency. Rest assured that as your comfort 
increases, so does your productivity. 

Finally, there’s the overall design — sleek, 
contemporary, and mindful of the future of 
your computing needs. Because Mad’able’s 
surface panels can be arranged, your 
workspace can accommodate any model of 
Macintosh, from the Plus to the Mac II ... to 
who knows what. 

Surprisingly enough, all of this Mac-like 
versatility and European beechwood framing 
is more than affordable: only $289 for 
MadTable and $139 for the optional roll-away 
cabinet (doubles as a LaserWriter stand); $269 
for the matching, ergonomically balanced 
chair; lateral file cabinet $239; Ixwkshelves 
$119; and two-door cabinet $159- 

Madfable. It’s the workspace that organizes 
the tools that organize your life. And it’s 
available by Cidling (800) 722-6263 which, 
by the way, is not Apple’s phone number. 


The ultimate Mac peripheral. 

H To order your MadTabie or 
for more information call: 

17°^ TOLLFREE(800)722-6263 
in WA state ( 206) 481-5434 

Prices do not include U.RS shipping. 

I’.O. Box 3217, Rcdnmnd, WA 98073-3217 

MatT/^kJesifin patent pending }ladrahkisangistendlrudcmarkofScandinm ian Computer Furniture. Inc Appk a a trademark and Madntosb is a triidemark licensed to, Apple Computer, Inc Prices and designs subpect to change uitbout notice. 

Circle 296 on reader service card 

Getting Started 
with Electronic Mail 

Electronic mail can help you communicate 
with the next cubicle or the next country. 
Here’s how. 


The telephone is to mail what the unex- 
pected visit is to the appointment. A phone 
call is often an interruption, someone’s 
way of saying, “Drop that and talk to me, 
now.'' The mail is more civilized. It’s some- 
one saying, “Read this when you can, and 
get back to me.” 

Of course, civility has its price. Busi- 
nesses shouldn’t have to wait days for a 
response to a yes-or-no question. Nor is 
letter-writing an ideal forum for long- 
distance brainstorming. Storms die down 
in a few days. 

Personal computers have made pos- 
sible a communications medium that com- 
bines the immediacy of the telephone with 
the civility of the mail. It’s called electronic 
mail, or E-mail for short, and it involves 
sending and receiving anything from 
memos to manuals using phone lines or 
an AppleTalk network. 

Businesses are discovering that E-mail 
is an excellent way for people to communi- 
cate quickly, without the interruptions of 
phone calls or the expense of express cou- 
riers. One major software developer re- 
quires its employees to use E-mail instead 
of the telephone whenever possible. It 
makes sense. People need privacy to work 
productively, but they also need to commu- 
nicate and exchange ideas. Electronic mail 
helps you achieve that delicate balance. 

Most E-mail concepts have equivalents 
in the world of paper mail. An E-mail sys- 

Jim Heid is a Macworld contributing editor who 
focuses each month on a different aspect of Mac 



tern’s post office is a mail server; it stores 
the mail you send and receive, and it pro- 
vides storage areas called mailboxes for 
everyone who has an address. 

This paper-mail metaphor extends to 
the message-sending process. You can send 
a carbon copy of an outgoing message to 
someone other than the primary recipient. 

You can request a return receipt — a mes- 
sage from the E-mail system telling you 
when the recipient received your note. 
With most E-mail systems, you can also 
send enclosures — spreadsheet files, 
word processor documents, page layouts, 
or pictures. 


Macworld 105 

I low To/Getting Started 

'•'orics wiff, ; 

to use 

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casyX^e^^ rw„ . 


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Macworld is a popular item around the office, and your copy may 
wind up on someone else’s bookshelf. But you can replace your 
“borrowed” copies of Macworld easily. Back issues are available, 
postage-free, for just $6 each while supplies last. 

Send your check or money order, payable to Macworld, along with 
the issue date and number of copies desired to Macworld, 144 
Townsend Street, San Francisco, CA 94107. 

IWo Ways to Mail 

Just as you can do your own payroll or 
send it out to a service, you can create a 
mail server on a computer in your office, 
or you can use an E-mail service provided 
by a commercial telecommunications ser- 
vice. Whether you create your own mail 
center or use someone else s depends on 
your needs. You might even want to com- 
bine the two. The E-mail world offers a 
great deal of flexibility, but tying every- 
thing together requires careful planning. 

To create your own mail server, you 
put your Macintoshes on a network by 
linking them with Apple’s LocalTalk ca- 
bling and connectors or by using Local- 
Talk-compatible cable kits from Farallon or 
TOPS. If you have a number of Macs shar- 
ing a LaserWriter, chances are you already 
have all the hardware you need. Once 
you’ve connected your Macs, you can 
add E-mail software that lets them 

To use an external E-mail service, 
each Mac must be connected to a modem, 
a hardware add-on that translates outgoing 
data into screeching tones that phone lines 
can carry and turns incoming screeches 
back into data. If your Macs are on an 
AppleTalk network, you can reduce equip- 
ment costs by buying a network modem, 
such as Shiva's NetModem, that each Mac 
on the network can share. 

Each user also needs a subscription to 
an information service or an E-mail ser- 
vice. The subscription gets you a unique 
user ID, which might be a contraction of 
your name (such as JHEID) or a cryptic set 
of numbers (such as 76174,556). You also 
get a password (which you can and should 
change the first time you sign on to the sys- 
tem), a manual, and a list of phone num- 
bers that will give you access to the ser- 
vice’s mainframe computers. Completing 
the setup involves adding communica’ 
t ions software, which lets you sign on to 
the service and helps you use it. (For back- 
ground on telecommunications, see the 
Getting Started columns in the April and 
May 1987 issues oi Macworld.) 

The primary differences between a 
network-based E-mail system and a com- 
mercial E-mail service are the location of 
the mail server and the way you connect to 
it. With a network E-mail system, you’re 
always connected to the mail server, and 
your E-mail software notifies you the mo- 

( continues) 

106 February 1989 

fito l#il ftefltiNid IM PIm Inodsl N«l V«flR 

is Ifre Merndes of 
personal ffnante programs," 

— Macweek, 9/13/88 


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How To/Getting Started 



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merit a message arrives. With a dial-in ser- 
vice, you’re only connected when you’re 
online. Checking your mail means dialing 
up, signing on, issuing the appropriate 
commands, and then signing off. Many 
people don’t take this daily stroll to their 
electronic mail boxes, and thus lose 
E-mail’s immediacy. 

But commercial services also have 
their pluses. Any computer with a modem, 
from a Radio Shack laptop to a maxed-out 
Mac II, can be used to contact them. And in 
all major cities and a lot of smaller ones, 
you can dial a local phone number to do 
so. This makes E-mail services ideal for 
companies with field offices or traveling 
employees. Finally, all of today’s popular 
services have thousands of subscribers, 
and you can correspond with any of them. 
Most computer and software companies 
use one or more E-mail services. A phone 
conversation between two people in these 
businesses often ends with two questions: 
What’s your E-mail address? How often do 
you check it? 

Ultimately, the geography of your busi- 
ness is the deciding factor. If you will be 
corresponding with people in the same of- 
fice or building, an AppleTalk-based E-mail 
system is the logical choice. If your corre- 
spondents are scattered around the coun- 
try, or around the world, a commercial 
E-mail service makes more sense. And 
if your needs fall into both categories, 
use both. 

Networik E-mail 

For most businesses, allowing Fred in 
Flagstaff to send memos to the home office 
isn’t as important as allowing the people in 
the home office to communicate effidendy 
with one another. This is where network 
E-mail systems shine. And thanks to recent 
developments in modem technology, net- 
work E-mail systems can even accommo- 
date Fred. 

I’ve already mentioned that setting up 
a network E-mail system involves intercon- 
necting the Macs and then adding E-mail 
software. That second step is actually a 
two-stage process: setting up the mail serv- 
er and installing the E-mail software on 
each Mac in the network. 

Creating a mail server involves using 
one Macintosh to store the mail everyone 
sends and to inform users when mail ar- 
rives for them. For large offices, you need 
a Mac with a hard disk, but offices with just 


108 Fd>ruar>' 1989 

Yes! I want to upgrade my documents. 

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To help us help you, please take a moment to answer these questions: 

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Type of business 

Company Address City 

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On average, how many pages per document? 




Type of business 

Company Address City 

State Zip Phone 

(include area code) 

VeloBind is a registered trademark of VeloBind, Inc., 
47212 Mission Falls Court, Fremont, CA 94539 


Yes! I want to upgrade my documents. 

□ Please send me information on VeloBind ’s binding systems. 

□ Have a sales representadve call me. 

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To help us help you, please take a moment to answer these questions: 

What kinds of documents do you bind? 

How many documents do you produce each week? 

On average, how many pages per document? 




Type of business 

Company Address City 

State Zip Phone 

(include area code) 

VeloBind is a registered trademark of VeloBind, Inc, 
47212 Mission Falls Court, Fremont, CA 94539 


No Postage 
If Mailed 
In The 
United States 




VeloBind Incorporated 
47212 Mission Falls Court 
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47212 Mission Falls Court 
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47212 Mission Falls Court 
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Circle 283 on reader service card 


If you’re moving on, up, or just across the street, make sure you 
continue receiving Macworld. Send your new, complete address 
and your most recent Macworld mailing label to Macworld, Cus- 
tomer Services, P.O. Box 54529, Boulder, CO 80323-4529. 

For a smooth transition, please inform us of your move as soon as 
possible and allow at least four weeks for delivery at your new 

How To/Getting Started 

a few Macs can get by with a floppy disk- 
based mail server. 

With early Mac E-mail products, you 
had to dedicate a Macintosh as a mail serv- 
er — that is, you had to donate it to the net- 
work and use it exclusively for serving up 
mail. For offices with only a few Macs, that 
was an expensive proposition. Today’s Mac 
E-mail packages — Microsoft Mail (formerly 
known as InterMail), Think Technologies’ 
InBox, and CE Software’s QuickMail — are 
more flexible. These packages can run the 
mail server software m the background, 
freeing up the server Mac for other tasks. 
Still, using the server Mac for other pur- 
poses does slow the E-mail system’s re- 
sponse time, so for large offices, a dedi- 
cated Mac is still the best approach. 

Fortunately, you can m^e a dedicated 
Mac earn its keep by running Apple’s 
AppleShare file server software along with 
the mail server software, allowing the 
Macs on the network to use the dedicated 
Mac’s hard disk as a central storage area for 
documents and applications. (For details 
on file servers and network applications, 
see “Getting Started with Networking,’’ 
Macworld, September 1987, and “Expand- 
ing the Conversation,’’ Macworld, May 
1988 .) 

Just as every post office needs a post- 
master or postmistress, so every mail serv- 
er needs an administrator — someone to 
set up the mail system and keep it in tune. 
The administrator’s first job is to add users 
to the system by running a special adminis- 
trator’s program and typing each user’s 
name (see “Server Setup’’). After the initial 
setup, the administrator’s job becomes cus- 
todial — adding and removing users as 

Configure Hddress List 

Names Passufords 

[insert MallboH] 
[ Cut MallboH ] 
[Paste MailboH] 

1 • ) 
[ Cancel ] 

Server Setup 

Part of an E-mail administrator's job involves 
setting up mailboxes for each member of the fiet- 
work. Here, mailboxes are being created for a 
Think Technologies InBox system. Remember that 
each user can — and should — change his or her 
password when signing on to the system for the 
first time. 


110 February 1989 

RS. View Tek’s complete family 
of color printing solutions at 
MACWORLD Expo in Booth #217. 


Graphics Printing & Imaging Division 

Copyright ® 1988. Tektronix, Inc. All rights reserved ART-116 

Circle 143 on reader service card 

How To/Getting Started 

Macintosh " II 
A/D, D/A, DI/D 

Multifunction Analog 
and Digital I/O Interface 

• 16 analog inputs 
— 12-bit resolution 

— Choice of 3 sample rates up to 
100,000 samples/sec 
— Automatic scanning 
— Software programmable gain 

• 2 analog outputs — 12-bit resolution 

• 8 digital inputs/outputs 

• 3 counter/timers 

• Optional high-performance DMA 

• Real-Time System Integration (RTSf™) 
timing capability between boards 

• LabDrivcr^” data acquisition software 
support for popular languages and 
LabVIEW^” Software Construction 

Select t Hail Server 

AppleTalk Zones: 


<*) Active 
O Inactive 



E-mail in Action 

At Macvs'orld, we use Microsoft Mail (formerly In- 
terMail) running on a dedicated Mac Plus with 
an AST-4000 hard disk. The illustration shows 
the steps I take to submit a completed column. 
After dialing Macworld’s San Francisco offices 
using a Hayes Smartmodem 9600, 1 use the 
Chooser DA to select the mail server (a). Next, / 
open the Mail desk accessory and supply my 
password (b). After a few seconds, my message 
window appears, listing fuessages I've read but 
haven 't deleted from the server ( c). To create a 
message, I double-click on the Standard icon, 
then type the tnessage's text; I address it by click- 
ing the recipient's name in the To box, and use 
the File button to ^’enclose" the word processor 
document containing the column (d). Finally, I 
click the Send button to send the message to the 
mail server. In (e), a return receipt notification 
appears (denoted by the check-mark icon) along 
with a reply from my editor (signified by "RP:"). 
Vmead messages appear in boldface type. 


Other NB boards for Macintosh II: 
—IEEE-488: Nb-GPIB. NB-DMA-8-G 
—DMA/Timing: NB-DMA-8-G 
—Digital I/O: NB-DlO-24, 
-Analog Out: NB-AO-6 



Uisi 4Ar- KM- ^ 204 - 

II I II M M 1 1 I 

needed, helping users who have forgotten 
their passwords, and working to keep the 
mail moving. 

Setting up E-mail software on each 
Mac in the network usually involves run- 
ning an installation program that copies 
the software to each Mac’s start-up disk. 
The software itself often comprises an INIT 
file that loads the mail software into mem- 
ory during start-up, and a desk accessory 
that each correspondent uses to write, 
send, and receive mail. After the software 
is installed, you restart each machine to 
load the INIT, and you’re ready to go. 

No Stamps to Lick 

Thanks to the Mac’s metaphorical 
nature, writing and sending E-mail is much 
like writing and sending paper mail. The 
first step is to write the message, using the 
text-editing window all E-mail products 
provide (see “E-mail in Action”). You can 

also use a word processor, and then import 
the text via the Clipboard. But unless you 
use Microsoft’s Word and Mail duo, which 
I’ll discuss shortly, your message can’t con- 
tain different fonts and styles. 

After you write a note, you address it. 
With InBox and Microsoft Mail, simply click 
on the recipient’s name in the list of mail- 
boxes. With QuickMail, drag the recipient’s 
name to a box labeled Send To. While all 
three products let you send the same mes- 
sage to any number of mailboxes, Quick- 
Mail and InBox also provide a community 
mailbox called a bulletin board, which ev- 
eryone can access. 

After addressing the message, you 
click a Send button, and the E-mail soft- 
ware beams the communique across the 
network and stores it on the server, which 
sends a message to the recipient that he or 
she has mail. InBox’s message scrolls 
across the menu bar like a Times Square 
marquee. With Microsoft Mail, a dialog box 
appears. With QuickMail, a small icon 


Circle 450 on reader service card 

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flashes over the Apple menu. All three 
packages can also notify you aurally. 

Reading mail is as easy as opening the 
E-mail desk accessory and double-clicking 
on the message. You can reply to a message 
with a mouse click, forward it to someone 
else, delete it. or save it in your mailbox. 

All three E-mail products distinguish be- 
tween opened and unopened mail, so you 
always know which messages you’ve read 
and which you haven’t. 

All three packages also let you create 
and send electronic “while you were out*’ 
phone-message forms. QuickMail goes a 
step further, providing a forms-design pro- 
gram that lets you create custom E-mail 
forms for your business. For example, a 
sales department might create an order- 
taking form to allow a secretary to take 
orders for salespeople who are away from 
their desks. 

I mentioned earlier that only the 
Microsoft Word and Mail combination lets 
you create and send memos containing dif- 
ferent fonts. Word 4.0’s Send Mail and Re- 
ceive Mail commands let you exchange for- 
matted Word documents without having to 
summon the Mail desk accessory. Simply 
write or open the document, choose Send 
Mail, select the recipient, and Word sends 
the document. This makes Word and Mail a 
powerful duo for offices where documents 
are forwarded to several people for com- 
ments and revisions. Of course, you can 
send formatted word processor documents 
with InBox and Quicl^Iail by “enclosing” 
them within messages, but that involves 
more steps. 

Remote Control 

But what about Fred in Flagstaff? If you 
equip your mail server with a modem, 

Fred can use his own modem to dial in and 
connect to the network. When the two mo- 
dems establish a connection, Fred’s Mac 
becomes a remote node. He then can per- 
form any network task that the people in 
your office perform — printing on a Laser- 
Writer, copying files to or from a file server, 
and exchanging E-mail. To learn what you 
need for remote network access, see “Net- 
working from a Distance,” June 


Because a remote node isn’t always 
connected, it’s up to Fred to dial in regu- 
larly and check his mail. There’s an even 
bigger draw'back: because a 1200-bits-per- 
second (bps) — and even a 2400-bps — 
modem transmits data far more slowly 

Circle 187 on reader service card 

than a network does, remote E-mail can 
seem as slow’ as the Pony Express. With 
high-speed modems such as Hayes’ Smart- 
modem 9600, how’ever, performance is 
quite acceptable — not as fast as a local 
node, but fast enough so that electronic 
mail still seems electronic. I used to use a 
1200-bps modem for connecting to Mac- 
world's E-mail system (built around Micro- 
.soft Mail), but I switched to a Smartmodem 
9600 after a few^ too many cobw^ebs formed 
betw'een me and my Mac. 

CE Softw^are’s QuickMail is partic- 
ularly versatile, since it can talk to any com- 
puter with a modem. If you dial into a 
QuickMail server using a computer other 
than a Mac, QuickMail discards the Mac in- 
terface and presents special text menus for 
accessing the QuickMail system. Combine 
that capability with a S300 Radio Shack lap- 
top computer, and you have an inexpensive 
w^ay to keep in touch. 

When to Go Commercial 

Remote-node setups allow AppleTalk 
E-mail systems to span the miles, but com- 
mercial E-mail services still have their 
place. For starters, their multiline phone 
netw'orks can accommodate thousands of 
callers at once. With remote-node access, 
only one person at a time can check his or 
her mail. 

Commercial E-mail systems also offer 
additional mail-handling services. With 
MCI Mail, one of the largest E-mail ser- 
vices, you can send E-mail to someone 
without a computer. Supply the person’s 
mailing address, and MCI Mail will print a 
hard copy of the letter at the service center 
closest to the recipient and then put it in 
the conventional mail, reducing the time 
your message will spend in the clutches of 
the Postal Service. You can also specify 
overnight, or even four-hour, delivery at 
prices lower than those most courier ser- 
vices charge. 

The CompuServe Information Service 
provides its owm E-mail system, called 
EasyPlex, and it also oiievs gateway to 
MCI Mail that lets subscribers send mail to 
MCI Mail users. Other information ser- 
vices, including The Source, GEnie, and 
DELPHI, also offer E-mail services that give 
you access to vast amounts of information, 
from online encyclopedias to airline flight 
schedules to megabytes of free or inexpen- 


114 February 1989 


Reading the news lately, you'd think there’s stiU only one source for POSTSCRIPT laser image- 
setters, but that just isn’t true anymore. Our new CG 9400-PS is about to set a few “tough 
standards’’ of its own. 

The CG 9400-PS is the only laser imagesetter in its price class— under $40,000— that 
offers 2400 dots-per-inch resolution. At about the same price, the new Linotype L-200 has a 
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Both machines feature the same Adobe raster image processor (RIP) for full compati- 
bility with POSTSCRIPT files. But the new CG 9400-PS gives you more type options for out- 
putting your Macintosh and PC-generated text and graphics. 


No one would run a type shop with only 13 fonts, yet that’s how many our competitor 
gives you with their machine. Our new laser imagesetter, however, comes with 73 Adobe 
fonts as standard equipment. 

If you want, you can easily add more character sets. As your type library grows, you 
can store typefaces and graphics in the standard 80MB hard disk. That’s the most standard 
memory available in a POSTSCRIPT laser imagesetter. 


With our optional maintenance agreement for the CG 9400-PS, you get unlimited 
telephone consultation, service and parts, plus regular software and hardware upgrades. 

If you already have Compugraphic equipment, you know it seldom requires servicing. 
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If you ever have a problem, we guarantee that one of them will be in your shop within 
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If you run a commercial type house, the CG 9400-PS is an affordable way to give your 
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To find out more, send in the coupon below or call Compugraphic toll-firee today at 

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□ I'd like to know more. Please send me additional information, 

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How To/Getting Started 

Dealer inquiries welcome. 

Post Oflice Box 916 • Glenwood Springs. Co 81602 

See your local Apple Dealer or call us direct. 

Mastercard and Visa welcome. 



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MACATTIRE"** dust covers “what the well-dressed 
Mac is wearing^*".” $7.95-$25.95. 

sive Mac software stored in the libraries of 
online user groups. 

Because commercial E-mail .services 
are designed to talk to any computer, don’t 
expect pull-down menus and dialog boxes. 
Text menus and prompts such as “Type / 
EXIT when done” are the norm. But re- 
cently, some clever programmers have 
constructed Macintosh facades for most 
services (see "A Friendlier Interface”). 
CompuServe’s Navigator streamlines 
CompuServe access. Dow Jones’s Desktop 
Express simplifies MCI Mail and the Dow 
Jones New.s/Reirieval service. SuperMac 
Software’s Acknowledge communications 
package includes a sophisticated applica- 
tion that automatically sends and retrieves 
mail to and from any or all of several popu- 
lar services — with a single mouse click. 

All of these front-end programs work 
similarly. You compose outgoing messages 
using a text-editing window, then you ad- 


4 file Idll Setup Address MsiKinder Uiindouit Uleiv 

A Friendlier Interface 

Because they're designed to talk to any com- 
puter, commercial E-mail services use text- 
oriented menus and require typed commands. 
Several Mac programs are available that shnplify 
access to these services. At left, MCI Mail as it nor- 
mally appears. At right, a screen from Dow 
Jones's Desktop Express. Use Desktop Express's 
commands and icons to write and address mail, 
then click the Send i Receive button. Desktop Ex- 
press connects with MCI Mail and sends it the 
commands it expects. 

Circle 74 on reader service card 

118 February 1989 

Whatever Macintosh-PC setup you have, MacLink- 
Plus — at $195 - provides the very best solution for 
transferring and translating files and documents 
between the two. 

Ifyou want to con- 
nect a single Mac to a PC 
or laptop, MacLinkP/i/s 
provides everything you 
need — a direct connect 
cable (you can use a Hayes 
or compatible modem if 
you prefer) and software, 
including translators, 
for both the Macintosh 
and the PC. 

If you have a DOS disk drive, then the 
MacLinkP/ws library of over 40 translators is the 
solution to accurate conversion of your files. 

Formats and styles are retained during the conver- 
sion and there’s no need to preconvert to ASCII or 
print files. This library also makes MacLinkP/zzs the 
perfect enhancement to Apple’s new Apple File 
Exchange utility. 

And if you have Macs and PCs on a network 
or AppleShare server, etc., the MacLinkP/izs file 
translation capabilities are worth the price alone. 

So, if you want to be really well connected, 
the size of your wallet really doesn’t matter. Just 
call (203) 268-0030 for your nearest DataViz 
dealer. Because as Macintosh Today recently 
said, “MacLinkP/ws was one of the first data 
translators and it remains the champ.” 

35 Corporate Drive TVumbull, Connecticut 06611 

System Ikquirements: Macintosh Plus, SE and II. All IBM PCs and compatible systems. 

Circle 40 on reader service card 


“I got caught — underdressed for success. Missed a meeting 
with the boss, lost a million-dollar contract, forgot our 
anniversary. Don 7 get caught — without Focal Point II. ’ ' 

Focal Point 11 will manage your 
time, tasks and contacts. So you can 
keep your eye on the big picture. 

Save Time By Managing Your Time. 
With the linked daily and monthly 
calendars and To-Do list, you’ll never 
miss a meeting or forget a “must-do.” 
You won’t just track your priorities, 
you'd get them done — and if you 
don’t. Focal Point 11 will carry them 
over to tomorrow’s list, automatically. ■ 
Plan, Execute, And Track Projects 
with ease and efficienq’. Milestones, 
budgets, clients, and vendors are at 
your fingertips, ensuring on-time, 
under-budget, and successful projects. 
Strengthen Your Network With 
Prompt Communications. Instant 
form letters, auto-dialed phone 
calls, and LAN support for electronic 
messaging and task delegation, 
improve your network of contacts 
and associates. Get dressed for 
success with Focal Point 11. Then 
roll up your sleeves and get down 
to business. 

Switch instantly to 
any Mac applico* 
tion, then auto- 
matically return to 
Focal Point II where 
you left off. 

Put it all in your 
briefcase. Focal 
Point IPs custom- 
ized reports fit 
popular personal 
organizers such as 
DAY-TIMER”‘ and 


Upgrade Now, Save up to $160 

Upgrade from Focal Point to Focal Point //(a SI 99.95 value) for just S 39.95 
before 1/31/89 (S89 95 thereafter). Send the first page of your Focal Point manual 
(originals only) along with your check or money order (add S4.50 shipping and 
handling) to: Focal Pomt U Upgrade, P.O. Box 8123, San Francisco, CA 94128. 

© I988TENpoIniO PO. Box 30 a 8. .Menlo Park. C\ 9A025. DiMribuccd by MEDI.AGE.MC. 

Circle 271 on reader service card 

How To/Getting Started 

dress your mail and choose a command or 
click a button. The front-end program then 
dials the service and sends it the appro- 
priate commands. Because the program 
always knows exactly which commands 
to send, this approach not only tames an 
unfriendly interface, it reduces connect- 
time charges. 

Another way to use commercial 
E-mail without discarding the Mac inter- 
face is to subscribe to MacNET, an all-Mac- 
intosh information service that provides 
E-mail services. 

If you decide to combine AppleTalk 
E-mail and a commercial service, take a 
hard look at CE Software’s QuickMail. It’s 
the only AppleTalk E-mail product that can 
also talk to commercial services. You can 
instruct a QuickMail server to call any pop- 
ular service at certain intervals so that 
members of the network can communicate 
with anyone using the service. Mail re- 
trieved from a service appears in the recip- 
ient’s mailbox, just as if it came from some- 
one else on the network. 

Hanging Up 

I’ve been talking about Mac-only 
offices here, but I’ve heard rumors that 
many people use other computers, as well. 
Mac E-mail products can accommodate 
them, too. Microsoft Mail and Think’s In- 
Box have IBM PC counterparts that let PCs 
and Macs communicate, and all three com- 
panies are working on establishing links 
with VAX minicomputers. 

I tend to be conservative when it 
comes to recommending fancy technology, 
but not where E-mail is concerned. It’s a 
w^onderful way to communicate, partly be- 
cause it reduces phone interruptions, but 
also because it resurrects the dying art of 
written communication. E-mail forces you 
to think about what you want to say, and it 
lets you express opinions that you might 
hesitate to verbalize. It establishes a writ- 
ten record of a discussion or negotiation 
process. It even helps you deal with diffi- 
cult personalities. 

If you use an E-mail system in your 
office, drop me a line and let me know how 
it works for you. Better yet, send me an 
E-mail message. On MCI Mail, I’m JHEID. 
On CompuServe, they call me 76174,556. 

But please, no phone calls. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

The old way to learn software. A better way to learn software. 

At last, 

a better way to learn 
Macintosh* software. 

Forget about struggling through manuals. Interactive audio tutorials from 
Personal Training vSystems are a fast, effective way to learn the most popular 
Macintosh software packages. 

Choose from audio tutorials for: 

• PageMaker 3.0® • Excel® 

• Adobe Illustrator 88® • Word 

• HyperCard™ • Works 

• Using the Macintosh • MORE® 

By having your owm personal tutor on cassette tape, you can learn quickly, 
completelyandatyourown pace.Thereare modules forbeginning, intermediate 
and advanced users. You can select the level that’s right for you. 

Our tutorials are so effective, they are unconditionally guaranteed. 

Discover a better way to learn Macintosh software. Call us at (408) 559-8635 
or return the coupon below. 

□ Send me information on your training series for PageMaker,® Excel,® 
Word, Works, HyperCard,^” MORE,® Adobe Illustrator 88,® and 
using the Macintosh. 




City State Zip 

Daytime Phone ( ) 

Personal Training Systems 

The Stnart Way To Learn Macintosh Software 
P.O. Box 54240 • San Jose, California 95154 

(408) 559-8635 

C 1 988 Personal Training Systems The fotlowng are registered and unregistered trademarks o( the companies listed PageTutor. Personal Trainir^g Systems - Personal 
Trairung Systems; Apple. Macintosh. HyperCard - Apple Computer. Inc.; PageMaker • Aldus Corporation. Mcrosott. Excel • Microsoft Corporation; MORE • Livirg 
Videotext. AooOe Illustrator 88 • Adobe Systems Incorporated 

Circle 42 on reader service card 

Macworld 121 

Win a Macintosh SE, a Jasmine DirocfDrive 45, or a National Semiconductor memory upgrade 

The second 



sponsored by 
Apple Computer, 

Send us your best sfackware by March 1 S, 1969. We'll award 
prizes to Hie most outstanding HyperCard applications and describe the 
winning SuperStacks In a feature article In the November 1989 Issue of 
Macworld. Judging criteria will include creative and appropriate use of 
HyperCard, interface design (including use of graphics and sound), pro- 
gramming elegance, and success in meeting the goal of the program for the 
intended audience. We reserve the right to change an entry's category. If 
appropriate. Judges may elect not to make an award in each category. 


COMMERCIAL Slacks distributed for a fee. 

Bantam Books, 
and Macworld 

CUSTOM Stacks custom-made for a business, government agency, or non- 
profit organization. 

EDUCATIONAL Curriculum, teacher-training, and teacher/administrator 
productivity materials, as well as training or seH-instrucHon stacks for the 
general public. 

NONCOMMERCIAL HyperCard applications available through noncommer- 
cial channels (shareware, freeware), plus stacks designed for personal use 
and not dlstributod at all. 

How to Enter 

Entries are due in our oNice on March 1 5, 1 989. No more than two (2) en- 
tries per contestant. Each entry must include disks (clearly labeled with the 
stack name, your name, address, and phone numbers); documentaHon (If 
necessary); a $ 5 entry fee; and a ono^pago summary headed with the stack 
name, contest category (commercial, noncommercial, educationoi, or cus- 
tom), and K-count, as well as your namo, address, and phone numbers. In 
the summary, state the purpose and intended audience of your ontry and note If It requires any special hardware 
(CD ROM drive, for example). Mention the list price or suggostod shareware fee and explain how the stack is 
being distributed. You may also mention any spocial featuros you want to call to the attention of the fudges. 
Sorry, disks will not be returned. Employees of the sponsors are not eligible to enter. 

Winning stacks from the 1 988 SuperStacks contest are not eligible. Make your chock or 
money order payable to PCW Communications. Send entries to SuperStacks, Macworld, 

501 Second St., San Francisco, CA 94107; Attn.t Macworld Editorial. 



a special award of a 
/| 4MB memory up- 
grade from National 
Semiconductor for 
best HyperCard In- 
terface design, best HyperCard 
mulHmedia application, best 
HyperCard development tool, 
and best stack available for 
under $20. 

Put a Seagate dri\e 
at thecae 


If you’re one of the millions of people who have 
adopted computers with an SCSI interface, then you 
should be one of the millions who can use a drive 
from Seagate, the world’s largest manufacturer 
of SCSI disc drives. These drives come in a wide 
variety of sizes, capacities and access times, 
making them ideal for evei^^ application. 

WTiether you’re searching for an add-in or 
add-on subsystem, look for the drive that stands for 
quality and reliability worldwide and has made 
Seagate the first name in disc diives. Call us at 
800-468-DISC or 408-438-6550 for information on 
where to purchase SCSI storage solutions. 

Form Factor 



Access Time 


21 MB 

<30 msec 


32 MB 

<30 msec 

3.5" HH 


48 MB 

<30 msec 


60 MB 

20 msec 


83 MB 

20 msec 


21 MB 

65 msec 

5.25" HH 


43 MB 

28 msec 


64 MB 

28 msec 


84 MB 

28 msec 

5.25" FH 


168 .MB 

17 msec 

(W Seagate 

The first name in disc drives 

Win a Mac II, a Truvision 32-bit color board, or a Tektronix color printer 


'Projectjthot don't fit into ooy of ttcotiwcotegorcs. Tryus. 

Intry Form 

Send one entry form with oach submission to Macintosh Masters, 
MatwoHd, 501 Second SIroet, Son Francisco, €A 94107. 


Phono #(s) , 

TIrio of work . 

Contest category _ 

Intrles must bo received no later than March 1 0, 1 989, and must 

be accompanied by an entry form. Please send hard and disk copies of each 

piece (disks may be emitted when pieces run to more than 800K). Slides are 

acceptable hard copy for color graphics and for mixed-media or sculptural pieces. For fudging purposes, 

however, originals are preferable; these will be returned If you 


, Include return postage and packaging. Animated entries may be 

' on disk or half-inch videotape, as appropriate. Since work will 


I be fudged on technical Inno- 
I vatlen as well as aesthetic 
I value, each piece should be 
I accompanied by a detailed de- 

I scrlptlon of how It was pro- 
I duced. Please submit no more 
I than four works (Include an 
I entry form for each). Macworld 

' reserves the right to ropro- 


I duco winning entries. 

Submission format(s)t 

On disk Hard copy Slide VMS video Beta video 

Regulrod to view disk copyi 



All submissions must bo received by March 1 0, 1 989 

[art crodItM] 

Did Hodges (vessel]. Conceprfxclusif [brodwe). 
Boon E. Pku (dog], David C Oidunson (tnouttoir)|. 

Gurtfer OururWoiff [comira] 

MAcnaviND Letraset Z0p3=. 



; suPERMAC Ibktronix 

m c 

Sii irtiN R 


Fine Arts 
Graphic Design 
Technical lllustraNon 
3-D/Imago Synthesis 
Architectural Rendering/llevatlons 
Business/Informatlonal Graphics 
Wild Card* 


Three grand-prlxe winners will take away a Macintosh 
II, a 32-blt NuVIsta color capture and display board, or a 
Tektronix color Imago printer. Winners In each contest category 
will choose one product from a selection of top programs. 

Including Adobe Illustrator, Aldus FrooHand, PageMaker 3.0, ImageStudlo, ReadySetGo, VideoWorks 
II, PowerPoint, SuporPaint, Digital Darkroom, and PlxelPaint Professional. In addition, winners' work 
will be published In a Macworld feature article and In our 1 990 graphics calendar. Grand-prime win- 
ners will also receive an expensos-pald trip to Macworld Sxpo Boston to claim their primes. 

e Batman Kodak Company, 1989 

Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. 


Put Macintosh images on the big screen with 
the KODAK DATASHOW HR/M Pro/ection Pad. 

There are other ways to get a projected image for 
your Macintosh* computer. But none with tne crisp 
clarity of the black-and-white image we offer. It's 

Project any 

program tor a roomful ot people. You'll see a 
pixd-for-pixel duplication of your Macintosh 
computer screen. You won't nave to put up with 
contrast fluctuations, either. The cooling system 
virtually eliminates the heat buildup that causes 
these problems in other systems. Advanced tech- 
nolo^ also eliminates time-consuming vertical 
and horizontal image adjustments. And finally, the 
Kodak pad can be used with all Macintosh com- 
puters from 128K through Mac llx, with the 
appropriate adapters. 

For product and dealer information, 
call 1 800 44KODAK (1 800 445-6325), 

Corporate Climbing 
Gear From Kodak 



Circle 1 94 on reader service card 




If your business is using 
AppleTalk networks, then you’re 
ready for the next big advance in 
office communications. 

Introducing Timbuktu, 
the new application for your 
network that lets you access 
and share resources. It's just 
what you’d expect from the 
people who brought you the 
PhoneNET System. 
Granted, the name is a little 
unconventional. But the time and 
money Timbuktu saves will appeal to even 
the most conservative minds. 

Install Timbuktu on each Macintosh, 
and everyone on the network can access 
other Macintoshes, share screens, and 
control the operation of each other’s com- 
puters. In fact, you can access your own 
computer from another computer on 
the network. (Our companion product, 
Timbuktu/Remote, works the same way 
over modems.) 

So, if you’re the one who’s always 
fixing things on the network, helping solve 
computer puzzles, and other office heroics, 
then leave your running shoes at home. 

Now, you can Identify problems 
on any Macintosh, reconfigure or update 
software, teach people new applications, 
or manage servers and other shared 
resources. Right from your own Macintosh. 
Or any other Macintosh, for that matter. 

For those pressured with meeting 
the demand for more computing power, 
while justifying the cost to management, 
Timbuktu offers a profitable solution. 

And relief. 

Timbuktu lets everyone access 
any workstation and its databases, FAX 
modems, print spoolers, servers, and main- 
frame connections. If you’re concerned 
about security, the password protection 
feature will limit access to any device. 

You can also use Macintosh lls as servers 
without buying keyboards, monitors, 
or video cards. 

Timbuktu. What we’re talking 
about is people working together, sharing 
resources, and helping each other get the 
job done. Only now you can do it over the 
network, with united stations. To find out 
more about Timbuktu and the rest of the 
PhoneNET System, call (415) 849-2331 
for the Farallon dealer nearest you. 


2150 Kittredge Street, Berkeley, CA 94704 

PhoneNET is a registered trademark, and Timbuktu and Timbuktu/Remote are trademarks of Farallon Computing, Inc. Macintosh and AppleTalk are registered trademarks of Apple Computer. Inc. 0 1988 Farallon Computing, Inc. 

Circle 150 on reader service card 


Macworld News 

by Ann Garrison 

3-D In 

I We’ve all grown accus- 
tomed to reading 
“Made in Japan” on 
much of our hardware, but few 
of us have ever used Japanese 
software. Now Osaka’s Dyna- 
ware Corporation has entered 
the American market with 
DynaPerspective, a 3-D archi- 
tectural package for solid mod- 
eling, designing, rendering, 
and presentation. 

The Mac II product is based 
on earlier versions for IBM and 
NEC computers, but it has more 
power and takes full advantage 
of Mac color graphics and the 
Mac interface. It requires at 
least 2MB of RAM and an 8-bit 
gray-scale or color video card 
and monitor. It uses an accurate 
floating-point database and has 
a limitless drawing area. With 
2MB of RAM, its capacity is 

Ted Hochschwender and Susan Mayer, project managers at the ar- 
chitectural firm Robinson Mills & Williams, show off the potver of 
DynaPerspective, a 3-0 architectural package. 

With DynaPerspective, architects and engineers can crecite pre- 
cise models of complex architectural projects and then produce 
heautiftd, color-shaded, perspective renderings. 

75,000 vertices; with SMB, 


DynaPerspective is so archi- 
tecturally oriented that it won’t 
be attractive to mechanical de- 
signers. But architects and engi- 
neers can create precise mod- 
els of even the most complex 
architectural projects and then 
produce beautiful, color-shaded, 
perspective renderings. 

To create or modify a design, 
you work with color wire- 
frames in your choice of four 
windows: Top, Front, Side, and 
Perspective, or in all four at 
once. The interface is very intu- 
itive, and 3-D program users 

will immediately recognize 
methods of image manipula- 
tion that first appeared in other 
Mac 3-D programs such as 
Mac3D, SwiveBD, and Pro3D. 
You can easily enter 14 three- 
dimensional elements includ- 
ing walls, roofs, circles, poly- 
gons, curved surfaces, cylin- 
ders, and stairs, and you can 
make them opaque or translu- 
cent, in any color. You can also 
store graphics entities in sym- 
bol libraries. 

When you set up your own 
grid system, the program gives 
you extensive “snap-to” capa- 
bilities. United States architects 
may find decimals of a foot 
clumsy to work with, so the 
company may adapt the pro- 
gram to feet and inches in the 

Once a design is complete, 
you ask the program to render 
the wire-frame images in shad- 
ed solid views. It does so at 
very high speed, and from all 
four views. You can then vary 
the viewpoint via rotation, 
zooming, panning, and other 
camera-like controls. 

You can also create anima- 
tion for w-alk-throughs. Film 
files allow- direct viewing of a 
stored series of images, as well 
as output to VideoWorks II. 

DynaPerspective is the only 
Mac color graphics program 
I’ve seen to date that produces 
shaded color renderings (via 
dithered color patterns) on 
both the CalComp PlotMaster 
and Hewlett-Packard PaintJet 


Macts'orld 127 

Send us 

the best design using 
CG TYPE and FontUner. 
Win an Agfa Scanner. 

Show off your creativity 
with CG TYPE and FontUner™ 

Enter the CG TYPE Excellence » 

Contest. Send us your hottest ® ^ 

design— logo, ad, headline, V 

newsletter, or brochure, Tbke V 
first place and win an Agfa Focus 
800 Scanner! Get your design in print, 
too. Photographs of the winning design 
and artist will appear in a future CG TYPE ad. 
You don’t have the right tools to be a winner? 
We ll help you blow away the competition. 
Buy any CG TYPE volume for $149, 
and get a FontUner utility 
FREE. A $129.95 

value! . 

FontUner, an exciting new pro- 
gram by Taylored Graphics, lets 
you convert CG TYPE charac- 
ters into PostScript® artwork. 
Use that artwork instantly 
with either Adobe Illustrator™ 
or Aldus FreeHand™ Then let 
your typographic creativity loose 
with any project, from memos to logos. 
So show us your stuff. Enter the CG TYPE Excel- 
lence Contest. For details, call 800-MAC-TYPE. 

CG TYPE. PosiScRiPT-compatible type for the Macintosh. In Canada, 
call 800-533-9795. MasterCard and VISA accepted. Free 48-hour 
delivery. FontUner offer good through March 15. 1989. 

Win the Agfa Focus 800 Scanner. 800 dpi 
64 gray scale, complete with McView 
software. Worth $5495! 



toenter theCG TYPE Excetience Contest. sencJ your original design sample witn your name, address and leiephone number foCompugraphic Corporaboo. Type Ovssion. CG TYPE Support Group. 90 inous- 
trial Way, Wiinmngton. MA 0 1887 Contest is vcwJ where prohibited by law Ybu must use CG TYPE and FontUner to create your design Lmw ol one entry per person Entr^s must be received by March 31 . 1989 
Pture may not be transferred or substituted Wmnermustcompieteanaftidavit ofetigibifttyandreieaselrom liability. andconsenttouseo1h«/hername/iiker>essatCompugraphicCorporation‘sdiscreiion Entries 
become the property of Compugraphic Corporation. Winner wif be notified by registered mail Thecontest is open to CG TYPE users. 18 years or okJer except emptoyoes of Compugraphic Corporation and its 
adiltaied companies. For the winner’sname.sendaself-addressedstamfKtd envelope to iheaddressabove.Compagraphicisaregtsterediradomark of Compographic Cor poraiion, Macintosh isatrademarkof 
Apple Computer, me. POSTSCRIPT is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems tnc Aldus FreeHano is a trademark of AWus Corporation. Adobe Illustrator is a trademark of Adobe Systems Inc f^ntLmer is a 
trademarkofTayloredGraphics ITCNovareseisaregisteredtrademarkotlniernatiorBiTypefaceCorpofaiion All copy typeset in fTCNovarese Alt type output on a Compugraphic high-resoluton output device 

Circle 379 on reader service card 

Call for entries 

Macworld News 

color printers. Other programs 
that support both of these de- 
vices allow for only eight col- 
ors. DynaPerspective also sup- 
ports color pen-plotters and 
the LaserWriter. For further in- 
formation, call Dynaware Cor- 
poration at its United States 
office in Foster City, California, 
at 415/349-5700 . Peltz 

Training at 

Over a century ago 
Benjamin Disraeli 
wrote “We cannot 
learn men from books.” If he 
were alive today, he might write 
“We cannot learn programs 
from manuals.” But what are the 
alternatives to trial and error or 
costly support calls? 

With the opening of its 
Atlanta-based Microcomputer 
Training Center this past No- 
vember, BellSouth Media Tech- 
nologies thinks it has the an- 
swer. The Center touts a wide 
variety of courses ranging from 
Th i n k i ng-of-Pu rcha s i ng-a-Mac 
Orientation to State-of-the-Art 
Desktop Publishing, teaching 
cutting-edge applications using 
cutting-edge research knowl- 
edge about how people learn. 

The Center now has ten SEs 
to ten PCs; future plans call for 
six classrooms and the addition 
of 10 Mac IIs and 27 more SEs. 
One full-time instructor spe- 
cializes in presentation graph- 
ics, another specializes in desk- 
top publishing, and a third 
specializes in word processing. 
Seven training assistants con- 
tribute their expertise in 
graphic arts, database manage- 
ment, and other areas. Among 
the programs taught are Page- 
Maker, Microsoft Word, Adobe 
Illustrator, PowerPoint, 4th Di- 
mension, Microsoft Excel, Sam- 
son ( BellSouth s advertising 
display software), and several 
paint packages. 


Forecasllng^fhe U.S. Economy 

The Leeding indtetfors Index is designed lo forecast the direction of th^ 
economy three to six months ahead. When the index grows faster than / 
the real economy, it usuaBy signals a more robust ecorromy ‘ 

ahead. Three consecutive monthly decimes usuaBy means 
recession. Since its creation in the index has correctly 

predicted all eight recessions, but it also has falsely predicted 
recessions four times. In each case, however, the economy 
did slow considerably. 

1A '75 '76 '77 '79 '79 '80 *81 *82 ^83 '84 "85 "86 "87 " 88 * 


News services and syndicates transmit graphics like these to news- 
papers by satellite. 

Connectivity is another ma- 
jor focus, accounting for the 
presence of ten PCs in a train- 
ing center designed to be Mac- 
oriented. The computers are 
not only networked together 
but also connected to outside 
phone lines for communica- 
tions training. 

The Microcomputer Training 
Center bolsters its educational 
repertoire with customer-site 
training for corporations and 
individualized tutoring in 
about 50 programs. The day- 
long classes cost between $17 
and $43 an hour; a half-hour of 
individual instruction costs 
about $30. Various discount 
packages are available. 

For further information con- 
tact BellSouth Media Technol- 
ogies Microcomputer Training 
Center, 1100 Johnson Ferry Rd. 
NE, Atlanta, GA 30342; 800/ 
521-9827 or 404/255-1690. 

News Graphics 
via Satellite 

Do you ever wonder 
how newspapers pro- 
duce the graphics to 
go with the avalanche of stories 
breaking every day of the 
week? The growing need for 
sophisticated graphics has 
overwhelmed the in-house ef- 
forts of all but the largest news- 

papers, and many smaller pa- 
pers have come to rely on news 
services and syndicates, which 
now deal in graphics as well as 
in photos and dispatches. 

New York’s Independent Net- 
work Systems (INS), a satellite 
communications network serv- 
ing the newspaper industry, 
now transmits graphics be- 
tween Macs, via satellite. Its 
ArtExpress service enables 
newspaper groups and other 
generators of graphics to send 
art from one location to hun- 
dreds of newspapers in a single 

To transmit, ArtExpress users 
dial their work into the INS op- 
erations center. The graphic is 
then beamed to every location 
coded to receive it. At the re- 
ceiving newspaper, the graphic 
is automatically passed to a 
designated Macintosh via an 

AppleTalk port, and then auto- 
matically stored on its hard 
disk. Documents are received 
at 9600 baud; PICT, Glue, en- 
capsulated PostScript, and TIFF 
(scanned) documents are auto- 
matically printed on a Laser- 
Writer. What’s more, the receiv- 
ing software runs in the back- 
ground on a Mac Plus, SE, or II, 
without interrupting anyone’s 

INS signed agreements with 
Infographics, the Newhouse 
newspaper group, to transmit 
graphics to 27 papers with a to- 
tal circulation exceeding 4 mil- 
lion. For further information, 
call Independent Network 
Svstems, in New York City, at 

Retail Mac 

The profusion of 
HyperCard stackware 
has generated so much 
Hyper-excitement that one sa- 
lient fact is consistently over- 
looked: outside of custom ap- 
plications, most HyperCard 
stacks offer limited practical 
value, especially for those the 
software was intended to bene- 
fit most — Macintosh novices. 
For some consumers, however, 
this situation is improving. 


A graphic artist at 
the San Francisco 
Examiner pastes up 
graphics trajismit- 
tedMac to Mac, via 

Macworld 129 

One Drive Fits All. 

Only Tecmar Can 
Back Up All Three 
With One Tape System. 

It’s what you told us you 
need. A single tape backup 
system to work with your 
PS/2s7' your classic-bus PCs 
and - here’s the clincher - 
your Macintosh® IIs. Three 
very different architectures 
supported by one high-speed, 
high-capacity tape system. 

Tecmar ’s not only done it, 
we’ve made it easy! Any exter- 
nal Tecmar QualityTape™ drive 
from 60-to- 150MB capacity. 

including the ones you may 
already own, can now be 
shared between PCs, PS/2s 
and Mac IIs. The QT drives 
easily connect to a Tecmar 
host adapter board inside the 
computer - including the 
brand-new NuLink™ Host 
Adapter for Mac II. If you have 
more than one architecture, 
then this is the solution that 
makes sense! And only Tecmar 
has it. 

More companies choose 
Tecmar tape systems than any 
others - for our speed, relia- 

bility and support. And now, 
one drive fits all. For more 
information, call Tecmar at 
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8560. Or write Tecmar, Inc., 
6225 Cochran Road, Solon, 
Ohio 44139-3377. 



•v^Copynghl Tecmar. Inc., a subsidiary ol Rexon. Inc.. 1988. 

All rights reserved 

Alt Tecmar products are trademarks or registered trademarks of Tecmar, 
Inc. Other l^and and product names are trademarks or registered 
trademarks of their respeaive companies. 

Circle 321 on reader service card 


Macworld News 

Macs running HyperCard guide 
shoppers through Chicago's 

Earlier this month Bloom- 
ingdale s, the retail giant, com- 
pleted its trial of one of the 
most intelligently targeted 
HyperCard applications to date: 
the Safire Shopper, a point-of- 
purchase display system. In- 
stalled in the consumer elec- 
tronics departments of the 
huge Chicago and New York 
stores in October, the Safire 
Shopper is a Macintosh-based 
system that provides shoppers 
instant access to product infor- 
mation. Bloomingdale’s cus- 
tomers can now get informa- 
tion on more than 70 products 
— from the description of an 
item to its pricing and scanned 
image. Program surprises — 
animated demos — enliven the 
display. The system is made up 
of a Mac SE with 2MB of RAM 
and a LaserWriter Plus, which 
prints the results of a customer 

Response to the Safire Shop- 
per has been positive. More 
than 100 customers use it each 
day; half of them print out in- 
formation for future reference. 
Bloomingdale s personnel be- 
lieve the main reason for the 
system’s success is that it makes 
the inquiry process enjoyable. 
“It’s like a video game,” en- 
thused one user. 

The idea for the product, 
however, did not come from 
video games. “We applied the 
principles used by banks in au- 
tomated teller machines,” ex- 
plains Mark Safire, the Shop- 
per’s creator. “Our machine 
provides a valuable, easy-to-use 
service when sales personnel 
are not available to help the 
customer.” Bloomingdale’s 
seems sold on the idea — it 
plans to install the units in each 
of its 13 department stores, and 
has asked Safire to produce en- 
hancements, such as a system 
that will incorporate diagrams 
of the store’s layout and direct 
shoppers to the desired item. 
For further information, con- 
tact Mark Safire or Michael 
Spalter at Safire and Spalter, 
in New York, New York, at 


Supporting the Mac’s 
user-friendly interface 
often entails complex 
programming on the part of 
developers, even with the 
Mac’s Toolbox. Apple and other 

companies have been studying 
object-oriented programming 
as a means of simplifying the 
programmer’s job. Also actively 
involved in this effort is the 
Association for Computing 
Machinery’s Special Interest 
Group on Programming Lan- 
guages, which organizes the 
OOPSLA (Object Oriented Pro- 
gramming Systems Languages 
and Applications) conference, 
an annual meeting on object- 
oriented languages. 

OOPSLA includes not only 
workshops and presentations 
on object-oriented languages 
and databases, but also a small 
number of exhibits. This year, 
two exhibitors attracted a lot of 
attention because of their Mac- 
related products. One was Digi- 
talk, with its Mac version of the 
SmallTalk language. SmallTalk/ 
V Mac is a complete develop- 
ment environment, including 
complete access to the Mac’s 
Toolbox routines, tools for or- 
ganizing and browsing Small- 
Talk source code, and a source- 
level debugger. For novices, the 
manual includes a 12-chapter 
tutorial on object-oriented 
languages and SmallTalk 

The second Mac attraction 
was Gunakara Sun Systems’ 

Clear Program 
Stack lilindouf K, 

ttudent/augflge 1:1 

Prography a high-level pictorial programming language from 
Gunakara Sun Systems, supports the concepts of object-oriented 

Prograph, a high-level pictorial 
programming language that 
supports the concepts of ob- 
ject-oriented programming. 
Some of the features of LISP, 
Prolog, and SmallTalk form the 
Prograph language, but every- 
thing is presented pictorial ly. 
Based on a system developed 
by Professor Tom Pietrzykowski 
of the Technical University of 
Nova Scotia, Prograph promises 
to be an excellent system for 
learning object-oriented pro- 
gramming. Later versions, 
which will include a compiler 
and perhaps code generators, 
could make Prograph a tool for 
developing stand-alone applica- 
tions for the Mac. For further 
information, contact Digitalk, 
in Los Angeles, California, at 
213/645-1082, or Gunakara Sun 
Systems in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 
Canada, at 902/429-5642 



m The book Interactive 
Multimedia (Microsoft 
Press, 1988) synthe- 
sizes the future as seen by the 
visionaries immersed in creat- 
ing interactive computer edu- 
cation. Its chapters are anno- 
tated speeches and papers 
delivered by scientists, devel- 
opers, media professionals, and 
educators at a 1986 Apple-spon- 
sored conference called 
“Learning Tomorrow.” The ex- 
periments the book describes 
have not previously been pub- 
licized outside of a small circle 
of scientists. 

In one essay Thomas Ander- 
son, a consultant with the New 
York public television station 
WNET, explains how he reused 
footage from the PBS broadcast 
“Creation of the Universe” to 


Macworld 131 

The Viking 2 is a finely-tuned, 
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Moniterm’s second generation 
monitor. And its performance is 
marked by our publishing resolu- 
tion for a “real page” environment. 
Flicker-free refresh for a tack- 
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characterization. Ultra-high effi- 
ciency phosphorfor a paper-white, 
easy-on-the-eyes screen. And the 
beautiful finishing touch— OCL/™ 



HEA 0ass-bonded 
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No reflection on 
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provides software 
drivers for hun- 
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with every moni- 
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is bundled with a matching con- 



troller for precise, high-speed 
performance with your computer. 

The Viking 2 is part of Moni- 
term’s family of 18 products. 19- to 
24-inch monochrome, gray-scale and 
color monitors are available for 
Macintosh and IBM computers, and 
19-inch monochrome for 
Commodore and Atari computers. 

We wrote the book on monitors: 
How to Buy the Right Monitor. 
Call or write for your free copy 


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Circle 133 on reader service card 


Macworld News 

begin an interactive education- 
al product prototype called Be- 
yond Einstein. By putting the 
film and graphics on videodisk 
and designing a Macintosh- 
style interface, the WNET 
Learning Laboratory developed 
a new interface that offers five 
ways to interact — touring, 
browsing, connecting, asking 
questions, and changing condi- 
tions — with the graphics, pho- 
tography, motion video, and 
narration of the original 

Anderson laments that televi- 
sion tantalizes viewers instead 
of educating them. Why not re- 
use all that costly footage in a 
medium that allows viewers to 
control the pace of information 
and delve deeply into specific 

Many of those attending the 
conference stressed the need 
for new hardware and pro- 
gramming to support interac- 
tive media. Now, with the emer- 
gence of HyperTalk, and with 
interactive compact disks and 
digital laser disks, Mac users 
can get a glimpse of what edu- 
cation and entertainment have 
in store for us by reading Inter- 
active Multimedia, which is 
available for $24.95 from 
Microsoft Press. -Barbara 

Interactive Multimedia 
readers a glimpse of possible 
futures for education and 


The black-and-white photo was scanned. The color drawing was 
automatically traced with Aldus FreeHand 2.0. 

with FreeHand 

Autotrace is an object- 

oriented tool that 
■■11 traces bitmapped im- 
ages and creates a vectorized 
copy of a line drawing. It saves 
designers the time and effort 
required to hand-trace line art 
like maps and diagrams. 

Adobe Systems offered auto- 
trace in Illustrator 88, and now 
Aldus is getting into the act 
with a major upgrade of its 
FreeHand PostScript drawing 
package. Autotrace aficionados 
will note that FreeHand 2.0 of- 
fers a selection rectangle fea- 
ture that lets you pinpoint only 
the parts of the drawing you 
want to autotrace. The Free- 
Hand drawing tool also enables 
you to edit the FreeHand path 
as it is drawn. Other image- 
conversion features include im- 
port of TIFF images, TIFF-im- 
age editing for brightness and 
contrast, and PICT-to-PostScript 

Like Adobe, Aldus has added 
support for the Pantone color- 
matching system and a blend 

tool for shapes and colors. In a 
nod toward ease of use, Aldus 
has made FreeHand s interface 
more like the PageMaker inter- 
face, particularly in the menu 
structure and dialog boxes. You 
can edit text on an arbitrary 
path and format multiple text 
blocks simultaneously. The pro- 
gram also includes a clip art li- 
brary, a new knife tool in the 
toolbox, a new stroke com- 
mand for adding variable out- 
line weights to text, and up to 
100 steps of Undo and Redo. 

For further information, 
contact Aldus, in Seattle, at 
206/622-5500.-/?i/sO^ Weston 



It’s not uncommon 
these days to see 
Enzan-Hoshigumi de- 
velopers bent over their em- 
broidery — but not with a nee- 
dle and thread. Instead, they 
are bent on perfecting the com- 
pany’s latest innovation, a pol- 
ished, compact desktop em- 
broidery machine, driven by 
a Mac. 

P.O.E.M., or Personal Original 
Embroidery Machine, garnered 
plenty of attention when it was 
introduced last year at the Mac- 
world Expo in Boston, but for 
months afterward there were 
still only three machines in ex- 
istence and nary a marketing 
plan in sight. 

Now Qualitas Trading Com- 
pany, which represents Enzan- 
Hoshigumi in the United States, 
says that’s changing: a consum- 
er-level version of P.O.E.M. is 
scheduled for release in the 
summer of 1989. 

The Mac-driven embroidery 
machine is finally coming to 

Reasons for the delay in 
bringing P.O.E.M. to market are 
varied. The major hurdle was 
deciding whether to target the 
consumer or the industrial 
market. Then safety features 
had to be built into the ma- 
chine, and needles that would 
not break during stitching had 
to be made. And perfecting the 
software proved to be no small 

P.O.E.M. was jointly devel- 
oped by the Aisin Seiki Com- 
pany (which designed the hard- 
ware) and Enzan-Hoshigumi 


.Macworld 133 


A new eind advanced paint, 
editing and special effects progreun. 

For the serious artist, with capabilities and speed 
beyond any other Macintosh paint software 

Customizing Color Palettes create and save your own set of colors — one at a time with color picker, or a range of 
colors using RGB and/or HLS tables. Blend any range of colors 2 to 256. Change palettes to change the color scheme of any illustration. 


New, Exclusive ^^Magic-like^^ Special Effects 

■ 2 Layers with P^int and Edit features on both. 

■ Incrust selected images from Stencil layer onto top layer. 

■ New Pixel Brush allows you to create customized 
paint brushes. 

■ New ‘‘water drop” tool allows selective blending of colors. 

■ New “thermometer” displays colors on the palette. 

■ New spherization of any image including text. 

■ Two to ten times faster than any other advanced Macintosh 
paint or draw program. 

Graphist Paint II is a new hi-end paint program with all of the 

standard painting tools, file formats and 16 Macintosh standard 

modes . . . PLUS you can: 

■ Import all of the standard formats, PixelPaint and video inputs 
(driver built-in) including PAINT, PICT I and II, TIFF and RIFF 

■ Export many different formats for direct integration with other 
software to provide a more complete and better art solution. 

■ Digitize existing images fiom a video camera or a television 
(NTSC or PAL) with on-screen viewing, for subsequent editing. 

■ Select from 16.7 Million colors, supporting 1 palette of 256 
colors at a time, on each of 2 screens. 

■ Pbcel by pixel editing. 


Take any two images, on two 
layers . . . incrust an image from 
one onto the other — in any 
position — or onto any other 
illustration — in any position — 
or back onto the full original. incrusting in progress Incrusting completed 


Take any image, or text . . . 
define the area . . . and create 
a 3-D sphere of the entire image, 
or text. 

Spherize Type Spherize Art Create Custom Spheres 

Custom Color 

Customize color palettes by 
changing RGB and/or HLS wave 
forms — or use the standard 
Macintosh color picker. 






Red, Green, Blue wave form Hue, Luminosity, Saturation Macintosh Color Picker 

wave fonn 

Graphist Paint II is packed with so many new features you’ll 
want to get your hands on it right away. For full information and 
the name of the Graphist Paint dealer nearest to you call: 

1 - 800 - 234 - 0230 . 


PixelPaint is a registered trademark of SuperMac Software, 
a Division of Scientific Micro Systems. 




vlacinlosh is a Irodemark licensed to Apple Computer. Inc. Circle 149 On reader service Card SYSTEMS 

r. copyright 1988 Movhg towards the speed of mind. 

Macworld News 

(which makes the software that 
comes bundled with it). The 
idea originated at Enzan-Hoshi- 
gumi: if you can output to a 
printer, then why not to a sew- 
ing machine? 

When it reaches the retail 
market, P.O.E.M. is expected to 
run with 1MB of RAM, work 
with any paint program, and do 
a variety of delicate embroidery 
stitches using up to five colors 
of thread. It will come with a li- 
brary of designs, and you can 
create your own. 

Is there a market for desktop 
embroidery? Apple Italy, Apple 
France, and Levi Strauss are just 
a few of the companies that 
have shown interest. The ma- 
chine’s retail price of more than 
$1000 is likely to squelch dreams 
of buying one to monogram a 
favorite tablecloth or perk up 
old T-shirts. But for schools, 
small businesses, street artists, 
cottage industries, and the like, 
P.O.E.M. just might prove that it 
pays to mix a little haiku with 
high tech. For more informa- 
tion, contact Qualitas Trading 
Company, in Berkeley, Califor- 
nia, at 4l5/848-8080.-A/^^^ 
Margaret Lewis 

Apple Grant 

As you enter the Ex- 
ploratorium, San Fran- 
cisco’s science fun 
house, you see a video monitor 
prominently displayed under a 
sign that reads “Memory and 
Eyewitness Testimony.’’ Every 
couple of minutes the monitor 
screens a short segment of the 
political suspense movie Z 
What's immediately apparent is 
that the film clip depicts an at- 
tack on a man in a town square. 
What’s less apparent is that the 
video display is in cahoots with 
a Macintosh SE running Hyper- 
Card at the rear of the complex. 
When visitors later walk up to 

the Mac, the HyperCard appli- 
cation tests their memories of 
the film clip with a series of 
questions. It asks every other 
person a misleading question 
that might actually change his 
or her memory of the film. The 
SE running HyperCard is thus 
helping the Exploratorium 
study the way we remember. 

This little scientific investiga- 
tion is just one of the ways the 
Exploratorium is using Apple’s 
gift of 44 computers, network- 
ing hardware, 3 LaserWriter 
IINT printers, a CD ROM player, 
and an AppleFax modem. 

Another project is a version 
of “telephone,’’ the children’s 
storytelling game. A HyperCard 
application tells visitors a story. 
With the help of the Mac- 
Recorder, visitors then repeat 
the story and inevitably change 
it in the process. These ver- 
sions of the original accrue in a 
database, providing the Explor- 
atorium with what is undoubt- 
edly the longest ongoing ver- 
sion of this game ever played 
— and, perhaps, with a glimpse 
of the future of fiction as well. 

Exploratorium educator Ron 
Hitschman is most excited 
about a HyperCard program 

that cross-references exhibits. 
Visitors choose a scientific con- 
cept, and the program then de- 
fines it, lists many of its practi- 
cal applications, and directs 
them to exhibits where the ap- 
plications can be seen in 
action. Hitschman uses Video- 
Works on top of HyperCard to 
create animations that demon- 
strate various scientific con- 
cepts. Harmonic motion, for 
instance, is depicted as an os- 
cillating sine wave issuing from 
a spinning circle; moire pat- 
terns are produced with inter- 
secting diagonal lines in con- 
stant motion. 

The cross-referencing pro- 
gram is still in its infancy, but 
Hitschman foresees two cen- 
trally located reference pods 
with three Macs and a Laser- 
Writer in each, all linked to an 
Exploratorium-wide network. 
Once these pods are in place, 
visitors to the Exploratorium 
will be able to use the Mac to 
plot a course through the uni- 
verse of applied science. 

For further information, con- 
tact Ron Hitschman at the Ex- 
ploratorium, in San Francisco, 
at 415/561-0371.-W77//V/;;? 


Hot Stacks 

HyperCard author Bill 
Atkinson has described 
his creation as a “.soft- 
ware erector set.’’ Unfortunate- 
ly, the flood of stacks in the 
public domain often reflects 
the same functionality as those 
children’s toys. So far, Hyper- 
Card’s magnificence is appreci- 
ated most by the people who 
build their own stacks. 

' « rue uii c« iMi 

In Neurotoury you can click on 
parts of the brain for informa- 
tion about them. 

As long as stacks are free or 
shareware, complaints about 
them are minimal. However, 
slow, sloppy, and disjointed 
commercial stacks selling for 
over $50 are drawing smirks 
and frowns. 

The following Hot Stacks rise 
above this mediocrity in both 
cleverness and artfulness. 

Neurotour hy Jim Ludtke. 
This stack has been around a 
while, yet it remains one of the 
best demonstrations of Hyper- 
Card potential. You start with a 
hand.some drawing of a brain. 
Clicking on particular parts of 
the brain reveals information 
about each part. Repeated 
clicking on a zoom button 
brings forth closer views, from 
neurons to cells to dendrites 
and beyond. 

^ ScriptView by Eldon Benz 
i and Script Report by Eric 
z Alderman. Stacks that let you 
i view' the .scripts of all other 
^ stacks contiguously. If you w'ant 
to learn HyperTalk program- 
ming, .stacks (and others 
like them) wall help. -5co// 

i\lac\^'orld 137 



Speed limit 200. 

Strap yourself in for the 
ride of your life. 

Road Racer’s detailed graphics 
and digitized sounds simulate driving 
conditions in 5 environments ran^g 
from high-speed desert flats to twist- 
ing mountain roads. So convincing 
you’ll actually find yourself trying 
to look over the hills and around 
the turns. 

The trees, rocks, telephone 
poles, and other graphics fly past your 
1965 Corvette at breakneck speeds. 
Hear its thundering 350-horsepower 
engine and screaming tires as you 
comer around wicked curves. 

Steer and accelerate with the 
mouse, and use your keyboard for 
brakes and shifting. 

Each level is tougher than 
the last with unpredictable road 
hazards and many courses to travel. 
You score points for fast, skillful 
driving. Road Racer is high perform- 
ance you won’t forget. 

Watch out! ... SMASH! ... 

A heat-seeking missile 
has just slammed 
into your ship. 

The year is 2059. Raiders have 
stolen five controlling crystals that 
maintain the defense and supply net- 
work for the moon’s 26 cities. With 
key commodities cut off, the cities 
are doomed. 

Your mission is to recover the 
fiendishly hidden crystals while trans- 
porting vitally needed goods between 
cities. Traverse dangerous terrain and 
combat relentless attacks with your 
arsenal of lasers, cannons, bombs 
and shields. 

Prepare yourself for an odyssey 
of furious action and strategic high 
stakes trading. 

Lunar Rescue is an addictive 
adventure that challenges your imagi- 
nation and sets your adrenaline on fire. 

A premium edition of the 
best selling Macintosh 
game in the world. 

MacGolf Classic puts you into 
a full perspective 3-D simulation of 
realistic golf action. You match your 
skills against fairways, roughs, sand 
traps, water hazards and trees. 

MacGolfs two courses are 
together with the four MacCourses^ 
for a total of 108 holes, all in vivid full 
screen color on the Macintosh II. 

MacGolf Classic gives you a 
player’s eye view and an aerid over- 
view of each hole with close up options. 
You have complete control of your 
position, ball placement, ball speed 
and direction, and selection of all 14 
clubs. Spectacular digitized graphics 
and sounds add to the excitement. 

MacGolf Classic is so close 
to the real thing it will improve your 
golf game. Every challenge should 
be this spectacidar. 

Circle 291 on reader service card 

Circle 289 on reader service card 

Circle 290 on reader service card 


©1988, PCAI /Practical Computer Applications. Incorporated 612/427-4789 
MacGolf. MacCourses, Lunar Rescue and Road Racer are trademarks of PCAI. 
Macintosh is a trademark of Apple Computer. Inc. 

Macworld News 

Joan Tierney has 
designed a broad- 
cast-quality desk- 
top video system 
with a Mac II. You 
can put it in a 
truck, take it to a 
story site, and cre- 
ate a videotape 
right there. 

Quality on a 
Mac II 

H How would you like to 
be able to create pro- 
fessional broadcast- 
quality television productions 
from your ergonomically de- 
signed, Mac Il-based desktop 
video studio? 

All you need is the interest, 
about $75,000, and perhaps the 
consultancy of Joan Tierney, a 
Washington, D.C., desktop 
video synthesist with a Ph.D. in 
multimedia design and devel- 
opment. Presently working on a 
PBS special called “The Silent 
Invaders,” Tierney has spent 
almost a year designing and 
using a truly functional broad- 
cast-quality desktop video sys- 
tem. Her patented system can 
handle slide, video, and film in- 
put; graphics; maps; drawings; 
and computer animation — all 
output to broadcast-quality 
video tape. 

Tierney is also working with 
the media labs of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, Xerox Cor- 
poration, and the National 
Geographic Society on the de- 
sign of their desktop video sys- 
tems. She claims that cost sav- 
ings for major television 
productions can be as high as 
70 to 80 percent. 

Tierney sees the three major 
markets for desktop video to 

be broadcast television, corpo- 
rate training, and academics. 
The Mac II is her computer of 
choice because of the growing 
number of peripherals that give 
the computer more speed, 
graphics, and animation, and 
more video-editing capability. 
Besides the Mac II, her system 
also includes video compo- 
nents by Sony and the new pro- 
fessional */ 2 -inch M-2 videotape 
format pioneered by JVC and 
Panasonic. Her immediate goal 
is a mobile, multipurpose sys- 
tem: you could put it in a truck, 
take it to a story site, create the 
production right there, and 
then hand the tape to the clos- 
est TV station. 

For further information, Joan 
Tierney can be reached at 
202/554-2020.-A//«/2 Limdell 


Are you looking for a 
stable relationship in 
a world where jobs, 
neighborhoods, marriages, 
markets, and stock prices all 
melt into air? Maybe you should 
make a commitment to the 
Macintosh operating system. As 
more and more businesses go 
Mac, click-and-drag skills be- 
come a better hedge against 
sudden unemployment. Mac- 

Temps, an employment agency 
specializing in Mac labor, re- 
cently expanded from its New 
York and Boston offices to out- 
posts in San Francisco, Los 
Angeles, and Mountain View, 

When employers call Mac- 
Temps, they explain their 
needs to personnel brokers 
who speak fluent Mac soft- 
ware-ese: You need a graphic 
designer who can lay out a 100- 
page manual with PageMaker 
and ReadySetGo? Two secre- 
taries who can use WriteNow? 
An accounting whiz who can 
program a multiuser payroll 
system with Excel? Four Mac- 
Temps coming up. 

As long as the Mac continues 
its march across corporate, na- 
tional, and continental bound- 
aries, the world is MacTemps’ 
market. The only smudge on its 
spreadsheet so far was a legal 
threat from MacDonald’s Cor- 
poration, ever watchful for 
those who seek to offer the 
world a fast new MacFood. 
MacDonald’s successfully sued 
to force both a hole-in-the-wall 
“MacSushi” bar and a “Mac- 
Dharma’s” health food cafe to 
abandon their names, but the 
burger colossus left MacTemps 
alone after being convinced 
that the agency was marketing 
fast workers instead of fast 

It’s nice to know that the 
world still has room for one 

more MacEmpire. And that 
even if the Mac should lose its 
firm foothold in the global mar- 
ket, our Mac skills should give 
us all a head start on learning 
to use the Next machine. 

For further information, call 
MacTemps, in Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, at 617/868-8200. 



B The view of Mars is 
good tonight, and 
nearly 400 amateur as- 
tronomers have hauled their 
telescopes up to California’s 
dusty Fremont Peak. Tom 
Mathis of Carina Software has 
also hauled up a couple of 
Macs. One will demonstrate 
Voyager, Carina’s desktop plan- 
etarium package that has 
wowed astronomers across the 
country. The other will run a 
customized version of the pro- 
gram. It’s here to drive a tele- 
scope at the click of a mouse. 

Although easy enough for a 
child to operate. Voyager is 
packed with enough advanced 
features to excite even serious 

The program is accurate to 
within one minute, and draws 


Voyager software allows you to scroll around the sky and type in 
the name of a star, planet, or nebula to see it on screen. 

Macvvorld 139 

Vk wrote the award-wimiii^ 

StaMew 512<- 
for the Madntosh. 

Please dorf t buy it. 

The company that set the standard for statistical programs now exercises its 
right to raise it. With new features like color Even more speed. 

And the expanded ability to create customized graphs and ctmrts that let you 
make your point. Now called StatView SE+Graphics, it’ll run on any 
Macintosh Plus or SE. And for those who want absolutely blcizing speed and 
16 million colors, we suggest StatView 11 for your Macintosh 11. 

“StatView II is StatView grown up. Meaner, faster, and 
more colorful, it’s a remarkably complete statistics and 
data-analysis package? — MacUser (October 1988) 

New features: 

• Customize graphs with the text and drawing 
toolbox. Exploit the full color capabilities of 
your Macintosh to highlight your results. Circle 

data points. Add legends and fancy type 
styles anywhere on your graph. 

• Output color hard-copy on any Macintosh- 
driven printer; plotter; or slide maker; 

• Macintosh II owners: StatView II directly 
accesses the 68881 math co-processor to 
analyze your data 30 to 50 times faster than 
StatView 512+. 

Award-winning features StatView has 

alwi^s had: 

• Comprehensive descriptive, comparative, and 
non-parametric statistics. 

• Fully Interactive graphic interface and spread- 
sheet-like design allowing for fast, simple 
“what-if analyses. 

• A choice of scattergram, line, bar; error bars, 
comparative bar; box plot, pie, histogram, uni- 
variate, percentile and comparison percentile 

With StatView SE+Graphics and StatView II, powerful statistics 
and presentation-quality graphics are just a mouse dick away. 

Come see us at MacWbrid Expo Booth #2448 (Moscone Center). 

For more information, call (415) 540-1949 or write 
to us at 1984 Bonita Avenue, BerkelQ? CA 94704 

StatView 512+ Users 

For all those who did buy StatView 512+, thanks. Registered users can now upgrade 
to StatView SE ’ Graphics or StatView II at special reduced prices. Ccill us for detmls. 

Ap|)lf iind Mf'uintosh are reuisteretl Irademarks Apple C'oinpiiter liu'. .SlatView K a Irademnrk of Alwnis (‘ontepis. Inc. 

Circle 218 on reader service card 

Macworld News 

Tom Mathis adjusts bis telescope with Voyager^ the astronomy soft- 
ware he created. He selects a planet and then clicks twice to slew 
the telescope into place. 

Star maps at a phenomenal two 
seconds per 1000 stars. You can 
scroll around the sky, and when 
you type in the name of a star, 
planet, or nebula, its location 
is instandy centered on the 
screen. You can select a planet 
or a star and click once for in- 
formation, or with the custom- 
ized version, click twice to slew 
the telescope into place. 

But the program s real 
beauty lies in the way it piques 
the imagination. “It s unheard 
of,” says Gordon Spear, who is 
incorporating the program into 
his astronomy classes at So- 
noma State University in Cali- 
fornia. “You can scroll back to 
510 A.D. in Mesopotamia and be 
there in an instant.” 

As if time travel weren’t ex- 
citing enough. Voyager also lets 
you step entirely outside the so- 
lar system and then peer back 
in from any angle. 

Astronomers have lauded the 
program’s ability to track the 
movement of planets, give you 
a view of any area of the solar 
system from any other area, 
and let you input orbital data 
about our own solar system ob- 
jects. And the database is ex- 

pandable, in case you want to 
include your own data files. 

The customized version of 
Voyager with a computer-con- 
trolled telescope mount is ex- 
pected to sell for $12,000 to 
$15,000. But if you want to ex- 
plore the universe from your 
desktop and you’re looking for 
a price tag that won’t make your 
bank balance look like it got 
sucked into a black hole, the 
Voyager desktop planetarium is 
available for $99.50, plus ship- 
ping and handling. 

For further information, call 
Carina Software, in San Lean- 
dro, California, at 415/354-7328. 
-Mary Margaret Lewis 





What do you get when 
you combine two of 
the best-selling office 
applications into one package? 
One of the year’s hottest new 
office products, word publish- 

ing software. The idea is that 
templates can bring that desk- 
top publishing look to word 

Almost a year ago, Ashton- 
Tate introduced FullWrite Pro- 
fessional, a high-end word pro- 
cessor with advanced page- 
layout features such as multiple 
columns and drawing tools. 
Quark has now followed suit 
with QuarkStyle, desktop pub- 
lishing software with enhanced 
word-processing capabilities. 

A $295 subset of QuarkX- 
Press, QuarkStyle includes 
more than 70 template designs 
for common projects like news- 
letters, magazines, books, busi- 
ness cards, memos, letters, and 
purchase orders. QuarkStyle 
also offers complete text cre- 
ation and editing capabilities 
such as spell-checking and au- 
tomatic hyphenation. 

Quark hired eight nationally 
prominent designers to create 
the templates, including Roger 
Black, a former chief art direc- 
tor Newsweek, the New York 
Times, and Rolling Stone; and 
Marjorie Spiegelman, a major 
contributor to the original de- 
signs of Macworld, PC World, 
2 it\d Publish!. 

Meanwhile, two highly suc- 
cessful PC software vendors are 
expected to offer Macintosh 
products this spring with inte- 
grated word publishing capa- 
bilities. XyQuest is expected to 

76 pi. Tille 

72 pt. 









QuarkStyle desktop publishing 
software includes 70 template 

finally roll out a Macintosh ver- 
sion of its highly customizable 
XyWrite word processor. The 
program’s strengths in word 
publishing lie in its ability to 
snake text and easily merge 
graphics into documents. 

And MicroPro is expected to 
offer Zeus, a Mac version of 
WordStar, with page layout fea- 
tures plus a rich set of Post- 
Script drawing tools like those 
found in Adobe Illustrator 88. 
For further information, con- 
tact Quark, in Denver, at 
303/934-2211. Weston 

Mac Network 
Designs Space 

H The Mac played a key 
role when 104 students 
from 21 countries 
(including the Soviet Union, 
China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, In- 
dia, Sri Lanka, Kenya, West Ger- 
many, France, Great Britain, 
Australia, and Poland) gathered 
at the International Space Uni- 
versity (ISU) last summer. 
Hosted by the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, the 
group attended classes on all 
aspects of space exploration. 
They also collaborated on a re- 
search project to design an in- 
ternationally staffed lunar mod- 
ule for use early in the next 

The students produced all of 
their work, including words, 
numbers, charts, graphs, and 
animation, using an AppleShare 
network of 15 Mac Pluses, three 
Mac I Is, and two LaserWriters. 
The resulting report covers all 
aspects of lunar base design, 
including research and devel- 
opment, construction, manage- 
ment, mining, commercial ac- 
tivities, and vehicular design. 


Macvv’orld 141 

language lets yot 
print detailed 

( drawings with 
fine lines, soli< 
blacks and 

In the world of that used to take minutes 
desktop publish- to print are now in your 
3M ing, no personal hands in seconds. You 
computer can spend more time creating 
pjr match the power and less time waiting to 
of a Macintosh®. see what you've created. 
It's the only choice. But when it That makes you 
comes to a page printer, you need more productive ^ 
to choose the one with performcince than ever. 
to match. Now you can choose the 
power of the Qume CrystalPrint 

f Mix in text usmj 
the wide range 
of resident 
authentic t 5 rpe- 
faces from ITC 
and Bitstream®. 
The result — elegant 
images with print 
quality not even the 
LaserWriter II can 

With its ultra-high speed, compact 
size and PostScript®-compatible 
page description language, the 
CrystalPrint Publisher gives you 
choices no other page printer j 

Choose Print 

You need top print 
quality to fully ex- 
press your creativity. 
Publisher delivers. 
The Published s 
compatible page ^ 




Publisher maximizes your produc- 
tivity. Put more simply, it's fast 
Faster than any printer with Adobe® 
PostScript® Faster than Apple® 
LaserWriter® IlNrrx . Even faster 
than LaserWriter IIntx with a hard 
disk. The Publisher still wins. And 
at a price less than LaserWriter IInt. 
So illustrations and type 



The Publisher's 
footprint is more 
than 43% smaller 
than the Laser- 
Writer n. 

That's the smaUesi 
of any competitive 

®Qume Corporation, 1988. Qume and the Qume logo are registered trademarks of Qume Corp. CrystalPrint Publisher is a trademark of Qume Corp. Apple, Macintosh and Laser- 
Writer are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc PageMaker is a registered trademark of Aldus Corp. Adobe and Adobe Illustrator 88 are trademarks of Adobe Systems, Inc 
PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc Bitstream is a trademark of Bitstream, Inc UC is a trademark of International Typeface Corp. 

page printer. Which means the 
Publisher stays close and conven- 
ient — where you need it — even in 
the most space conscious environ- 


Then Choose 

Let your Qume dealer 
show you the power 
of the CrystalPrint 
Publisher. Ask them to print this 
page on the Publisher and then on 
an Apple LaserWriter II. After that, 
the choice is yours. Choose the 
winner and you'll choose Crystal- 
Print Publisher. With its speed, 
print quality and convenience, no 
other page printer can match the 
power of your Macintosh. Crystal- 
Print Publisher is the power to 
choose. For information or a dem- 
onstration, contact your nearest 
Qume dealer or distributor. Or 
contact Qume at (800) 223-2479. 


The Company with Peripheral Vision. 

Artwork composed using Aldus PageMaker^*' and Adobe Illustrator 88^*^ 



Graphic Proof of Quality and Speed 

You know graphic quality when you see it. That's why we 
used an original printout taken directly from the CrystalPrint 
Publisher to produce the artwork for the adjacent page. 

So you can see the fine lines, the well-formed characters 
and uniform blacks for yourself. 

You also know the importance of speed 
The LaserWriter IlNT takes 172 seconds longer to print 
the same page. Even the expensive, top-of-the-Iine Laser- 
Writer Unix takes longer. 

CrystalPrint Publisher LaserWriter liNTX LaserWriter Hwr 


Now, the choice is yours. Choose CrystalPrint Publisher 
and choose print quality and speed. Then spend more time 
creating and less time 
waiting to see what you've 

CrystalPrint Publisher . . . 

The Power to Choose. 

Qume Corporation, 500 Yosemile Drive, Milpitas, CA 95035 (800) 223-2479 

End users circle 353 on reader service card 
Dealers circle 1 15 on reader service card 

Datacopy Grayscale Scanners: 
Nowyou can put gallery quality 
photographs in all your publications. 

The best imaging in a 
desktop scanner comes from 
Datacopy. Now you can 
merge finely detailed photo- 
graphs and other artw^ork 
directly into your desktop 


Datacopy ’s complete range of 
scanners delivers the ultimate 
in high-resolution imaging. 

I With advanced 
capabilities and 
300 or 400 
quality graphics, 
Datacopy Scan- 
ners clearly out- 
perform all other 
products in their 
price class. 


Datacopy software brings all the 
capabilities of a professional 
graphics house to your desktop. 
With Miclmage" you can take 
any scanned 
image and 
modify it with 
an extensive 
selection of 
electronic darkroom functions. 
TTien you can merge images 
with text using your current 
desktop publishing package. 
What’s more, Datacopy 
MacOCR” lets you automat- 
ically scan the 
most popular 
types of hard 
copy informa- 
tion into your 
computer in 

seconds . . . and it will format the 
text for your favorite word proc- 
essing and desktop publishing 
programs. Quickly and easily. 

QUICK information" 

Call us today. We’ll furnish 
you with information on our 
complete line of scanners 
and software. And where to 
find the nearest Datacopy 
reseller. (800)821-2898 


A Xerox Company 

Circle 376 on reader service card 

Macworld News 

Andrew Bennett, ISU s Direc- 
tor of Computing, had only one 
evening to plan the network. 
Realizing that the students 
were of diverse nationalities, 
that some had never worked 
with computers, and that some 
spoke little English, he decided 
that the Macintosh was his 
only option. 

The students used MacDraft, 
MGMStation, and CricketGraph 
for graphics. MacWrite 5.0 was 
their w'ord processor of choice, 
and Microsoft Excel served as 
their number-crunching tool. 

In addition to the printed re- 
port, the group produced a 20- 
minute animated videotape 
using Silicon Beach Software s 

Despite time limitations, 
multilingual communications, 
some inexperienced computer 
users, and the complexity of 
the final multimedia output, the 
project proceeded smoothly. 
According to Bennett, ISU is 
hoping to get Apple to help put 
together a Macintosh network 
for next summer s ISU meeting 
in Europe.— yi^A/erro;? 

Macs Serve the 


Do you harbor a secret 
fear of reincarnation — 
of being sent back to 
exactly the life you deserve for 
the way you’ve lived this one? 
What comfortable, overfed 
American doesn’t, at least for 
moments in between dreams 
of more food, cars, clothes, and 
appliances? That secret fear 
may be stirred by Etiquette of 
the Undercaste, Antenna Thea- 
ter’s interactive, walk-through 
theatrical installation. Anten- 
na’s members don’t presume to 
tell you what you deserve, but 
they do slide you into a locker 
at the morgue, awaken you in 
heaven, and then send you 
back through a stylized life 

Antenna Theater used the Mac to design the installation ^ lighthig, 
and sound track ©/“Etiquette of the Undercaste. 

cycle as a member of the 
underclass. Etiquette of the 
Undercaste opened at San 
Francisco’s SoMar Gallery in 
November and is now touring 
the United States. 

What part does the Macin- 
tosh play in this theatrical ex- 
periment? To begin. Antenna’s 
associate artistic director Ron 
Davis used a Mac with Siclone’s 
MacDraft software to design a 
maze that leads through abu- 
sive home life, reform school, 
youth gangs, juvenile court, 
boxing rings, prostitution, jail, 
soup kitchens, street scenes, 
and a final icy night on a park 
bench. You walk through the 
maze wearing a Walkman and 
listening to a sound track edit- 
ed with Mark of the Unicorn’s 
Performer software. As you 
walk, you hear real voices tell- 
ing stories of being homeless, 
as recorded in street interviews 
by Antenna director Chris 
Hardman and BBC and NPR 
journalist Due Qui Nguyen. The 
interviews were transcribed in 
Microsoft Word on a Mac, and 
the search command was used 
to find passages containing key 
words, such as home and 

Antenna’s members origi- 
nally chose to use the Mac be- 
cause of its possibilities for cre- 

ating graphics and music. Now 
they find an added advantage 
in the Mac’s popularity among 
other artists: collaborating is 
much easier w'hen you can 
swap disks. A lighting designer, 
for example, uploaded Davis’s 
MacDraft-designed floor plan 
to draw up a lighting plan. 

What Hardman needs most 
from the Mac now is more 
memory. The of taped in- 
terviews is one of Antenna’s 
most innovative techniques. 

but at this point, only 15 min- 
utes of digital audio is enough 
to fill a 40MB hard disk, and the 
half-hour sound track of Eti- 
quette of the Undercaste was 
cut from 40 hours of taped 

Memory or no, w^e can ex- 
pect Antenna Theater to use 
whatever technology is avail- 
able to create new forms of the- 
atrical art. For further informa- 
tion, contact Antenna Theater, 
in Sausalito, California, at 


Antenna Theater's Ron Davis used MacDraft software to design 
this maze through the life of a member of the underclass. 

A Multimedia 

You’ve seen the anima- 
tion; you’ve heard the 
■kLai sound effects. Now 
from MacroMind, developer of 
Videoworks, comes the Video- 
Works CD ROM — a collection 
of over 200MB of VideoWorks 
animations (color and black- 
and-white), VideoWorks Accel- 
erator documents, clip anima- 


Maovorld 145 


How I Discovered the 
Ultimate Macintosh 
Learning Experience 

The true story of someone who wanted to learn how to 
use the Macintosh in business ... and how 
he almost went crazy doing it. 

Randall D. Smith, President of FMJ., 
Inc, invites you to a unique learning 
experience to be held in your area. 

A few years ago I bought a 
new Porsche 911. As I was read- 
ing through the literature I came 
across an interesting statement. It 
said: “the only limitation this auto- 
mobile has is the driver!” 

I must admit that I felt the 
same way when I bought my 
Macintosh computer. I was like a 
lot of first time owners in that I 
never read the manuals. I simply 
popped in the disks and figured 
out the basics on my own. After 
having used an EBM for three years 
I was thrilled to be able to accom- 
plish the Mac basics without tak- 
ing a six month Lotus course! 

Over the next few months I 
happily used my Mac for letters, 
simple spreadsheets, check books, 
a few graphics, and for games. But 
as a business owner, way in the 
back of my mind, I knew that there 
was a whole lot more the computer 
and the software could do if they 
just had someone else behind the 

I realized I needed training to 
get the most out of my computer. I 
first tried reading the manuals. At 
some point in school they con- 
vinced me that I’m a fairly bright 
fellow. But after nights of reading 
manuals I simply didn’t under- 
stand what I was reading. 

My next step was to visit my 
local Apple deder for help. He 

was friendly enough, but made it 
fairly clear that his interest was in 
selling computers, not teaching me 
how to use them. He did mention 
however, that there was some train- 
ing available at $75 per hour. I had 
already paid for one college edu- 
cation and didn’t really have the 
budget for another! 

Next I subscribed to all of the 
Mac Magazines. Most (including 
this one) were very interesting. 
After a while though, I found 
myself reading the ads more than 
the articles. I wasn’t interested in 
advanced graphics, HyperCard 
stacks, or MS-Dos connectivity. 
It seemed like more and more of 
the articles were written to the 
advanced user - which was defi- 
nitely not me. 

My last resort was a Mac user 
group. These were great people 
who were extremely bright and 
could quote the electrical diagram 
of the Mac backwards and for- 
wards. But the group was too 
advanced for me. I was stuck! 

In marketing, you are taught 
to “find a need and fill it”. I defi- 
nitely saw a need for good, practi- 
cal instruction on the Mac for the 
rest of us. I decided to provide the 
answer for Mac users myself. In 
January we presented the very first 
MacAcademy. Since then we 
have had tremendous response. 
MacAcademy boasts many unique 
features: Instructors: Instead of 
sales people or programmers we 
feature only top business execu- 
tives who use the Mac daily in 
their businesses. Format: Two 

full days of instruction on the Mac, 
Excel, Word, FileMaker, Page- 
Maker, and HyperCard. Sched- 
ule: Attendees can design their 
own personalized schedule by 
choosing between 18 different, 2 
hour workshops. Price: While 
others charge up to $1200 for 
workshops, we offer two full days 
for only $249. Location: MacA- 
cademy is held in top hotels in 
business centers across the U.S. 
Emphasis: MacAcademy places 
training emphasis on tech^ques 
and business applications of the 
featured software. 

The Results. Over 6,000 
people have attended MacA- 
cademy. On a scale of 1 to 5 they 
have given the experience a 4.6. 
Companies who have attended in- 
clude General Electric, Kodak, 
G.T.E., M.I.T., Honeywell, 
N.A.S.A., Boeing, Citicorp, 
Kinko’s Graphics, Mobile Oil, 
Gillette, TRW and 500 additional 
corporations. Are they happy with 
MacAcademy? The City of 
Anaheim sent one employee to 
our first workshop and ten to our 
second. We have had over 400 
people volxmteer to be references 
for those considering attending. 

What about you? I’d like to 
personally invite you to attend 
MacAcademy. This year we will 
present our dynamic 2 day work- 
shop in over 65 cities in the U.S., 
Australia, Europe, and Canada. 
For a schedule of our upcoming 
workshops call (904) 677-1918. 
Profit firom the Ultimate Macin- 
tosh Learning Experience. 

©1988 Florida Marketing International, Inc. 

Circle 406 on reader service card 

Mac\%orld News 

tion, clip art, clip sounds, and 
interactive animation shells. It’s 
a dazzling display of the Mac’s 
potential as a multimedia play- 
back device in conjunction 
with CD ROM. 

Containing all of Macro- 
Mind’s commercially available 
Clip Animation files and color 
animations, the VideoWorks 
CD ROM also features demon- 
strations and presentations cre- 
ated by MacroMind Produc- 
tions for companies such as 
Apple, Microsoft, Aldus, Ashton- 
Tate, Bell-South, and Arthur 
Anderson & Company. Source 
files are included for the Video- 
Works Accelerator documents. 
In addition, the CD ROM disk 

base of animation, art, and 
sounds that you can incorpo- 
rate into your own VideoWorks 
animations. If you’ve ever 
needed ideas for animation, 
this disk is full of them. 

The $695 disk is compatible 
with any CD ROM player that 
supports the HFS file format — 
for example, Apple’s CD SC and 
Laser Optical Technology’s CD- 
ROM Drive. It is not compatible 
with the High Sierra CD ROM 
file format standard, which sup- 
ports only textual CD ROM in- 
formation, not graphics and an- 
imation. For more information, 
contact MacroMind, in Chicago, 
Illinois, at 312/871-0987. 


The VideoWorks CD ROM displays the Miic*s potential as a multi- 
media playback device with CD ROM, 

comes with an AppleShare file- 
server driver so that several 
users can access the disk over 
an AppleTalk network. 

You don’t need a copy of 
VideoWorks II to view docu- 
ments on the CD ROM; the in- 
teractive shell lets you see ev- 
erything and move between 
groups of artwork and anima- 
tion. The only exception to this 
rule is that accelerated docu- 
ments do require the Video- 
Works 11 Accelerator. 

If you own VideoWorks, the 
disk can serve as a large data- 

Hackers in 

In 1984, when the first 
Hackers Conference 
was held in Marin 
County, California, everyone in 
attendance wandered around 
in a state of near-disbelief It 
seemed like a human syzygy, a 
rare convergence where some 
of the world’s best computer 
programmers, designers, and 

At Hackers 4-0, the 
main action took 
place on the laivns 
and in the make- 
shift computer 
rooms, where the 
238 participants 

philosophers shared geograph- 
ical coordinates for a week- 
end — the better to share infor- 
mation, swap obscure algo- 
rithms and jokes, and plot 
the future. 

But now, as far as the hackers 
are concerned, syzygy happens 
once a year. Last October, they 
held their fourth gathering, 
Hackers 4.0, in a postseason 
summer camp in the foothills 
of Silicon Valley. The theme 
was connectivity, and there 
were the usual number of fas- 
cinating semiformal sessions: 
Nolan Bushnell leading the 
games conference; Todd Rund- 
gren hosting an evening of 
computer graphics; Ted Nelson 
on hypertext; and John (Cap’n 
Crunch) Draper on object- 
oriented programming. And his- 
tory was made during Stewart 
Brand’s interactive media ses- 
sion, where for the first time, 
four competing CD formats 
duked it out in demos in one 

Still, the main action took 
place during conversations out- 
side the sessions, on the lawns 
and in the makeshift computer 
rooms, where the 238 partici- 
pants networked. Macs were 
much in evidence, and at 4:00 
a.m. you could wander into a 
cabin and see Stephen Wolfram 
showing off his Mathematica 
program on a Mac II, or MIT 
veteran David Levitt sneak- 
previewing Harmony Grid, 
his real-time Mac music 

The only blot on an other- 
wise perfect weekend was the 
CBS News report filmed by a 
camera crew that dropped in 
on opening evening. The hack- 
ers hooted, and ultimately felt 
hurt by, the network news’s ob- 
stinate (and unfair) focus on 
the “dangerous” aspect of hack- 
ing — the viruses, break-ins, 
and other antisocial acts. To 
these exemplary citizens — 
people who had been instru- 
mental in bringing wondrous 
technology to the world — this 
was a gratuitous slap. There 
was even some talk of holding 
a press conference attacking 
CBS. But by the next day tem- 
pers had cooled: people were 
having too much fun to be 
bothered by some outsiders’ 
opinion.-Stephen Levy 

Book Roundup 

Several books on 
HyperCard have ap- 
peared in the past few 
months, ranging from Apple’s 
official treatise on the Hyper- 
Talk script language to a book 
aimed at entrepreneurs seek- 
ing to market stackware. Here, 
in no particular order, are run- 
downs on five of them. You can 


Maos'orld 147 

Whether you run a small business or your 
knowledge about computers happens to be less 
than monumental, the new Miaosoft* Works 
2.0 has you covered 

Microsoft Works 2.0 is actually five tools 
in one: word processing 
spreadsheet, database, 
drawing and commu- 
nications. But as far as 
yoite concerned, ifeone 
integrated program— 
so it's easy to move be- 
tween the different tools 
and use them together. 

In fact, from the 
moment you take it out 
of the box, Miaosoft Works 2.0 is easy to use. 

It comes with an animated training program 
written in HyperCard* format As well as on-line 
help and unlimited phone support to help an- 
swer any questions you may have. 

No matter how varied your projects are, 
Microsoft Works 2.0 can hande the job. Its new- 
est feature, the drawing module (with page 
layout), can enrich otherwise plain, fact-filled 
documents with compelling graphics. 

The word processor can create everything 
from a simple memo to a detailed report— and 
it even includes a spell-checker aimed at typoa 

You get five pro^am in one— 
and incredible efftciemy when you 
combine their toi 

Of course, if your document needs to be 
supported with numbers, you can always jump 
over to the spreadsheet to compute and andyze 
data. And then transform it all into easy-to-read, 
easy-to-understand charta 

As for information that keeps your business 
going, the database is indispensable for keeping 
track of clients and ordera 

And you can count on the communications 
module to bring information to your desktop 

ff you’d like to learn more about Microsoft 
Works 2.0, just call 
176 for the name of 
your nearest dealer. 

No wonder 
Microsoft Works 
2.0 is the best-sell- 
ing application in 
its class. Aside from 
being a great value, 

Microsoft Works 2.0 is one program that can 
handle a myriad of business needa 
It's that simple. 

Making it all make sense.™ 

Customers in Canada call 1 (416) 673-7638, outside North America. 1 (206) 882-8661 01988 Microsoft Corporation. All ri^ts reserved. Microsoft and the Microsoft logo are 
registered trademarks and Making it all make sense is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. HyperCard is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. 

Ife sinple. 


Rc;il Ksiaic Nows lor iho Groaior Aspen Community - Published by Marlin Really 

l^wcrt Lending Rates Since 1983! 

Lam week moctiafc interest nies rtacheJ 
a nve-yetr aU>dnK low. Pint Mon|a(e of* 
feted a 30*year. 95 pere eo t new home loan at 
15 percent with no points. Unheard of in re* 
cent years. 

Resale of homes has jumped 13 percent 
over sales recorded during the same period 
last year. 

New Home sales ate up 17 percent. 
Several local lenders have put together spe- 
cial new home financing packages in coop- 
eration with local cootracrors. Call our Aspea 
ofike at (426) S31296I for details. 

Crown Construction Opens This 
Y ear’s Alpine Woods D^xlopmcnt 

The Alpine Woods development wdl be 
open for paUic touts from July IS until 
August 21. Each home represents a dtsdna 
style from coatcmporaiy to ftench provincial 
- all homogeneously placed to create a 
uniquely aitrsctive neighborhood. 

V * 

% wwmtof 

M no,— 

Alpine Woods 

Each home has been fully decorated by a 
local interior design firm and each is slngu- 

jusi shopping (or ideas, we recommend this 
year's Alpine Woods development. 

You can park at the Denny Shopping 
Cciucr and take a tour bus from there be- 
tween 9.-00 am and 6.-00 p.m. daily. 


Laktfront Country House: 
Designed for Entertaining! 

This lovely brick and cedar coomry house 
can be found just rifteen-minutes from down- 
town A^etL Nestled in giant Art. it lepre- 
sena mie Colorado style! 

The master bedroom suite features a 
panoramic view of Lake Diamond. The 
master suite alto has his-and-hers walk-in 
clotets, a separate vanity, and a stunning 
shotver area made of glass bricks. 

The tiving rooih, study, family naom, and 
bedrooms (2'f) feature ha^-pedished red- 
wood panelling and skylights. 

TIk duee-car garage has special wall- 
mourned ski racks and an extra-sized third 
stall to B c co mm oda r c up to a 24-foot boat 
Two additional baths, a stuuc flfcpUcc, 
MX) square feet of decking, three wooded 
acres, and a private dock complete this rural 
rtrrxiTi hnmr 

Tbe Horvath Family 
445 2&b Street 
Sl Louis. MO 8X990 

The Horvath Pmily 
Sl Louts, MO X8990 

Ute Horvath Family 
44528th Street 
Sl Louis, MO 88990 

Greg Voortm 
1013 Scott Read 
Boston, MA 31222 

Kathryn WintP* 



DmM Doyle 
6767 Dianwod Place 
Aspen. CO 54555 

David Doyle 
6767 Diamond Place 
Aspen. 00 54555 

David Doyle 
6767 DUffload Place 
Aspen. 00 54555 


• 14 LanpUghter Lane 
Ridgefield, VT 29333 

• MLamplighserLane 
Ridgefield. ^2933' 

: ■ 

ji Place 

July 28. 1988 

0«y and Lisa Elliot 
533 4th Street 
Denver. CO 54556 

Dear Oaty and Lisa. 

This Saturday. 1 look forward to showing you a few of the quality homes in the Aspen 
community, , ^ , 

Per our phone conversations, we will be looking at family homes with a minimum of four 
bedrooms. twt>-and-a-haif taths. a family room, and a three-car garage. It sounds like you are a 
pretty active family, va IVe abo chosen names with a "mud room" for changing boots, etc. 

One issue that we haven't teally discussed is schools. Before Saturday, you might want to.^ 
down a few priorities. Public, private, paxochisl? Level neede^-from pte-scbool » colitge. And 

any special needs your chiklren may have; like proarimiiy 10 an indoor pool or gyiri 

I c*i also p« you in amch noth any youh orgaoizjtions you may be totereiied in hke The Boy 

Scouisar4-H. Wchaveitafl. ... . 

You rnermaned wwtuig a fairly poed-sized kn. Docs this mean that you wtU need stables or a 
ham? I can even put you in touch wuh a local riiSiit stable if you wtsh. 

SiiKe you Irfan to be here for the w-holc weekend, let me know if I can be of any help with bead 
reservatiousoraetivhes. I can arrange for anything from theatre ockets to a riding Itsaon. 
Whatever might make your stay more pleasanL and leave a good impression of Aspen. 

It's a beautiful pbee and we're hap^ that you've decided to make h your home. 


Sales Pmoo 



Sales VTD 

BitUnga Chech Amt. 

Shannon Plus 



$275 JXX) 


$3344 jOO 







fVicr Cohen 






Robbie Ross 






Mike Lucero 






Gary Gigot 






Mary Freeman 





$ 22 iaoo 

Joan .McArthur 






Barbara Miller 






Robyn Komadu 



$780 JX» 






325 JXX) 


Piev. Owned 



Land Only 

129 J»0 




EverytHmg you see above was 

Breakdown of Rc^fiidcntial Salem 



^ Previonaly 



H Laisd Only 



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Circle 411 on reader service card 

Macworld News 

Five books on HyperCard: one for beginners, one for new and ad- 
vanced users, one for programmers from other environments, 
one for creating salable stacks, and Applets official guide. 

get them through your local 

Applied HyperCard: Devel- 
oping and Marketing Superior 
Stackware, by Jerry Daniels 
and Mary Jane Mara (Brady Util- 
ity Software, 1988). The title 
handily describes this book- 
and-disk set, a comprehensive 
guide to creating salable stacks. 
The 462-page book covers 
stack\s^are marketing, design, 
development, and distribution, 
and walks the reader through a 
stackware project. An interest- 
ing twist is that this book leans 
heavily on Buckminster Fuller s 
synergetics, also known as the 
science of structure. The 800K 
disk that’s included is packed 
tightly (thanks to Raymond 
Lau’s Stuffit compression pro- 
gram) with staclware and text 
files that include names and 
addresses of stackware pub- 
lishers, press contacts, user 
groups, and so on. 

Mastering HyperTalk, b\' 
Keith Weiskamp and Namir 
Shammas Oohn Wiley Sons, 
1988). Another weighty tome, 
this 506-page paperback is 
aimed at two groups: program- 
mers coming to the Mac and 
HyperCard from other environ- 
ments, and Macintosh users 
familiar with the basics of 
HyperCard and HyperTalk. The 
book explores HyperTalk in 
depth — both how to under- 
stand the language structure 
and components, and how to 
use it to build applications. It 

even delves into the basics of 
using Pascal to extend Hyper- 
Talk with XCMDs and XFCNs. 

Running HyperCard with 
HyperTalk, by Barry Shell (MIS 
Press, 1988). \Xfeighing in at 563 I 
pages, this book seeks to help 
both new and advanced Hyper- 
Card users build stacks and de- 
sign useful programs. Plenty 
of stack^jv^are projects are in- 
cluded: customer database, 
invoicing stack, mail merge, 
product catalog, and so forth. 

The book is generously illus- 
trated with screen shots and 
contains numerous scripts; its 
clear, direct tone adds to its 
general accessibility. 

Using HyperCard: From 
Home to HyperTalk, by Tay 
Vaughan (Que Corporation, 
1988). A complete guide to 
HyperCard that even includes 
a Macintosh primer for begin- 
ners who have never used a 
mouse. After you’ve read about 
the evolution of databases, John 
Sculley, and Apple’s vision for 
the future, and been taught 
how to use that mouse, you are 
introduced to HyperCard and 
in 700-odd pages taken all the 
way from your first explora- 
tions to advanced techniques 
like XCMDs, XFCNs, and using 
HyperCard on a network. 

HyperCard Script Language 
Guide: The HyperTalk Lan- 
guage, bv Apple Computer 
(Addison-Wesley, 1988). This 
handsomely produced hard- 

cover is the official Apple guide 
to HyperTalk, aimed at those 
who have already read Apple’s 
HyperCard User's Guide and 
have a basic familiarity with the 
program. Probably indispens- 
able for the serious HyperTalk 
programmer; not a hand- 
holding book for beginners. 
-Felicity O'Meara 

Reader Survey: 

B Of the 494 respon- 
dents to our survey on 
printers, mailed to 
1000 randomly selected read- 
ers, 99 percent reported using 
printers with their personal 
computers. The printers used 
most often at work were the 
ImageWriter I and II (26.6 per- 
cent), the LaserWriter Plus (25.2 
percent), the LaserWriter NT 
(5.9 percent), and the Laser- 
Writer NTX (5.1 percent). The 
printers used most often at 
home were the ImageWriter I 
and II (66.3 percent) and the 
LaserWriter Plus (4.3 percent). 

Most respondents said they 
were either very satisfied or 

Wiiidi printer do you use moi>t 
often at home? 

Based on 489 respondents. 

Of those who responded to our 
survey, 66.3 percent favored the 
ImageWriter / or II for home 

Wliich printer do you use most 
often at work? 

ImogeWriter I/ll 26.6% 

ImogeWrHerLQ 1.6% 

LoserWriterPlus 25.2% 

LaserWriter NTX 5.1% 

GCC LoserPrinter 0.6% 
QMS PS800 Pius 0.4% 
Qume SaiptlEN 0.4% 

Other 13.1% 
Based on 489 respondents. 

Of 489 respondents, 26.6 per- 
cent favored the ImageWriter I 
or II for use at work. 

somewiiat satisfied with their 
printers. At w’ork, 46.2 percent 
were very satisfied with the 
ImageWriter I and II, 78 per- 
cent with the LaserWriter Plus, 
89.7 percent with the Laser- 
Writer NT, 100 percent with the 
LaserWriter NTX, and 58.4 per- 
cent with other printers. At 
home, 48.1 percent were very 
satisfied with the Image Writer 
I and II, 57.1 percent with the 
LaserWriter Plus, and 64.4 per- 
cent with other printers. 

When asked wiiich printer 
feature would most improv^e 
printers at work, 26.2 percent 
picked higher resolution, 21.7 
percent said faster first-page 
printing, and 10.2 percent 
opted for better paper-han- 
dling. Responses w^ere similar 
wiien we asked wiiich feature 
would most improve printers 
used at home: 39 3 percent said 
higher resolution, 10.2 percent 
said faster first-page printing, 
and 16.2 percent said better 

Macworld 151 

Then he called 

The four’digit number next to each product is 
the product's ITEM NUMBER. Please refer to 
this number when ordering. Thank you. 


We only carry the latest versions of 
products. Version numbers in our ads are 
current at press time. 

CP denotes copy-protected. 

NCP denotes not copy-protected. 

Aatrix Software ... NCP 

3976 Aatrix Payroll 3.01 $99. 

4020 Aatrix TimeMinder 1.7 109. 

3958 Aatrix Payroll PLUS 3.02 159. 

Aba Software ... NCP 

1305 "Draw it again, Sam” 2.03 79. 

4023 Graphist Paint I1 1.0 289. 

Abacus ... NCP 

4482 StatViewSE + Graphics 229. 

4481 StatViewll 349. 

Fox Software ... NCP 
FcxBASE+/Mac i. '/-Amazingly fast database^ 
reads all IBM dBASE files while maintaining 
Mac interface. Indudes form and application 

generators $208. 

Access Technology ... NCP 

3959 MindWrite2.0 95. 

4109 MindWriteExpress 2.0 149. 

1346 Trapeze 2.1 159. 

Acius ... NCP 

1010 4th Dimension 1 .0.6 489. 

4024 4th Dimension Runtime 239. 

Adobe Systems ... NCP 

1137 Adobe Illustrator ’88 1 .6 319. 

1138 The Collector’s Edition 79. 

1142 Newsletters/Publishing Pack 1 ... 255. 

4565 Forms and Schedules Pack 2 .... 319. 

4566 Presentations Pack 3 319. 

MacConnection carries the entire 

Adobe Type Library (volumes T69). 
Listed below are Adobe's newest 

typefaces at press time. 

4567 ITCKabel57 127. 

4568 OCR A. OCR B, MICR 58 97. 

4569 Helvetica #1 59 127. 

4570 Helvetica #2 60 187. 

4571 Helvetica #3 61 187. 

4572 Times Ten 62 127. 

4573 Kaufmann 63 97. 

4574 Clarendon 64 97. 

CE Software ... NCP 
QuickMail f .C>5-Send mail aaoss local and 
wide area networks, to hardware devices, even 
other mail systems. Conferencing remote 
access, and form customizing as well ... $ 165. 



. 97. 


New Caledonia 66 



ITC Clearface 67 



Americana 68 



ITC Serif Gothic 69 

Affinity Microsystems ... NCP 



Affinifile 1.1 

. 46. 


Tempo I1 1.0 

Aldus ... NCP 

. 89. 


Freehand 1.0 



PageMaker 3.0 

Altsys ... NCP 



FONTastic Plus 2.01 

. 54. 


Fontographer 2.4. 1 (CP) 

Apple Computer ... NCP 



HyperCard 1.2.1 

ArsNova ... NCP 

. 42. 


Practica Musica 1 .56 

Ashton-Tate ... NCP 

. 79. 


FullPaint 1 .OSE 

. 69. 


Full Impact 1.0 



FullWrite 1.0 



dBASE Mac 1.0 


Berkeley System Design ... NCP 


Stepping Out II 2.0 

Beyond, Inc. ... NCP 

. 52. 



Blyth ... NCP 

. 30. 


Omnis 3 Plus/Express 3.25 



Omnis 3 Plus/Express 3.3 (3 users) 399. 

Bogas Productions ... NCP 


Studio Session 1 .2SE 

. 49. 


Super Studio Session 1.0 

. 79. 


Country Disk 

. 15. 


Heavy Metal Disk 

. 15. 


String Quartet Disk 

Borland International ... NCP 

. 15. 


Turbo Pascal Tutor 1.0 

. 46. 


Turbo Pascal 1.1 

. 65. 


Numerical Methods Toolbox 

. 65. 


Sidekick 2.0 

. 65. 


Eureka: The Solver 1.0 



Reflex Plus 1.01 

Brainpower ... NCP 



DataScan 1.0 



DesignScope 1.15 



MathView Professional 1.0 



StatView512+ 1.2 



ArchiText 1.0 $182. 


The Analyzer Bundle 
(includes DataScan. DesignScope, 

and StatView 512^) 

Bravo Technologies ... NCP 




Bright Star Technology ... NCP 

. 79. 


Alphabet Blocks 3.01 

. 32. 


Talking Tiles 1 .0 

. 69. 


HyperAnimator 1 .0 (includes Stax, a 

MacConnection exclusive!) 

Broderbund ... NCP 

. 79. 


Type! 1.0 

. 20. 


Jam Session 1.1 (CP) 

. 30. 


Print Shop 1.3 

. 36. 


PosterMaker Plus 2.5 

. 36. 


DTP Advisor 1.0 

. 47. 


Geometry 1.0 (CP) 

. 59. 


Physics 1.1 (CP) 

. 59. 


Calculus 1 .0 (CP) 

. 59. 


Drawing Table 1.0 

Caere ... NCP 

. 79. 


OmniPage 1.0 




Nutri-Calc 2.4 

. 39. 


Nutri-Calc Plus 1.1 

CasadyWare ... NCP 



Fluent Fonts 2.0 


. 27. 



. 46. 


San Serif (V2) 

. 46. 


Ritz/Right Bank (V3) 

. 46. 


Monterey (V4) 

. 46. 


Regency Script/Calligraphy (V5) . . 

. 46. 


Prelude Script (V6) 

. 46. 


Coventry Script/Zephyr (V7) 

. 46. 



. 46. 


Cyrillic (V9) 

. 46. 


Bodoni Ultra (V10) 

. 46. 


Sans Serif Bold (VII) 

. 46. 


Sans Serif Extra Bold (VI 2) 

. 46. 


Gatsby Light(V13) 

. 46. 


Micro (V14) 

. 46. 


Micro Extended (V15) 

. 46. 


Galileo Roman (VI 6) 

. 46. 


Campanile-Giotto (VI 7) 

. 46. 


Alexandria (VI 8) 

. 46. 



. 46. 

Brainpower ... NCP 

Archihct ^.(^-Combines boolean searching and 
HyperText abilities to aeate a very practicd text 
organization application $182. 



MECA ... 

Mamgng ]hir Money Z.O-^mnaai power you 
need to succeed. Monitor budgets and bank 
accounts, calculate net worth, and track invest- 
ments $128. 

4204 Gazelle & Kells Meath (V20) 46. 

4205 Paladin &Abalene(V21) 46. 

4206 Collegiate (V22) 46. 

CE Software ... NCP 

1727 Calendar Maker 3.0 27. 

1728 Disktop 3.0.3 27. 

1729 QuicKeysl.1 53. 

3963 QuickMail1.05 165. 

Challenger Software ... NCP 

1610 Mac3D2.1 119. 

Chang Labs ... NCP 

1613 Rags to Riches Ledger 3.1 120. 

1617 Rags to Riches Receivables 3.1 .. 120. 

1614 Rags to Riches Payables 3.1 120. 

1622 Rags to Riches 3-Pak 289. 

1611 C.A.T.2.0 229. 

1615 Professional Billing 2.9 239. 

1612 Inventory Control 2.6 239. 

1616 Professional 3-Pak 359. 

1618 Retail Business 3-Pak 359. 

Claris ... NCP 

1123 MacPaint II 2.0 105. 

1129 MacWrite5.0 105. 

4196 FileMaker II 4.0 239. 

1117 MacDrawll2.0 329. 

1125 MacProject II 2.0 395. 

Coda Music Systems ... CP 

4367 MacDrums 32. 

4483 Perceive (NCP) 52. 

Cricket Software ... NCP 

1669 Pict-O-Graph 1.0 89. 

1668 Cricket Graph 1 .3 119. 

4346 Cricket Paint 1.0 119. 

1667 Cricket Draw 1.1 169. 

1670 Cricket Presents 2.0 289. 

Dac Software ... NCP 

4502 Dac-Easy Light 1.0 45. 

DataViz ... NCP 

1823 MacLink Plus 2.11 145. 































Davidson ... CP 

Math Blaster! 1.0 $27. 

Deneba Software ... NCP 
Merriam-Webster’s Thesaurus 2.0 . 35. 

Comment 2.0 54. 

Coach Professional 3.0A 105. 

Canvas 2.0 169. 

DreamMaker ... NCP 
MacGallery (HyperCard format) ... 28. 

MacGallery (MacPaint format) 28. 

Dubl-Click Software ... NCP 
CalculatorConstruction Set 1.04. . . 36. 
World-Class Fonts! Originals (1-2) . . 45. 
World-Class Fonts! The Stylish (3-4). 45. 
World-Class Fonts! The Giants (5-6). 45. 

WetPaint Classic Clip-Art (1-2) 45. 

WetPaint For Publishing (3-4) 45. 

WetPaint Animal Kingdom (5-6). ... 45. 
WetPaint Special Occasions (7-8) . . 45. 
WetPaint Printer’s Helper (9-10). ... 45. 
WetPaint Industrial Revolution (11-12)45. 
WetPaint Old Earth Almanac (13-14) 45. 

WetPaint Island Life (15-16) 45. 

Electronic Arts ... NCP 

Disk Tools Plus 1 .01 31. 

Mavis Beacon Typing 1.0 36. 

Deluxe Music Construction Set 2.0 . 61 . 

Studio/81.0 319. 

First Shapes 32. 

KidTalk 32. 

SmoothTalker 2.0 32. 

MathTalk 32. 

Speller Bee 32. 

Enzan-Hoshigumi USA ... NCP 

Year of the Dragon 21. 

Japaneze Clip Art Scroll 1 "Heaven” . 52. 
Japaneze Clip Art Scroll 2 "Earth” . . 52. 
JapanezeClip Art “Borders” Scroll . 65. 
MacCalligraphy 2.0 105. 

'-A collection of specialized utility 
programs designed to keep your hard disk 
operating at peak performance. Recovers your 
files fester and easier than you ever thought 
possible $59. 

S.VM. i.O. 

Farallon Computing ... NCP 

4208 Timbuktu 2.01 $65. 

2199 MacRecorder 1.0 139. 

Fifth Generation Systems ... NCP 
4287 Py ro! ^screen saver^ 15. 

3954 PowerStation 2.5 32. 

3955 Suitcase II 1.0 45. 

4622 Suitcase II and Pyro! Bundle 57. 

3953 FastBack Mac 1 .03 54. 

Foundation Publishing ... NCP 

2384 Comic Strip Factory 1.6 44. 

Fox Software ... NCP 

4195 FoxBASE-H/Macl.1 208. 

4580 FoxBASE+ /Runtime 158. 

MindWritdhji^ess a word processor 

that reads/writes PC, DEC, Wang and Mac 
files while niaintaining original forn^ Features 
speU checking outlining and word count $149. 

Freesoft ... NCP 

2219 Red Ryder 10.3 54. 

FWB Software ... NCP 

2232 Hard Disk Partition 2.0 45. 

2231 Hard Disk Util 2.03 53. 

Generic Software ... NCP 

4319 Generic CADD Level 1 54. 

4411 Flow Charts & Schedules 18. 

4402 Home Landscaping 18. 

4401 Basic Home Design 35. 

4410 Commercial/Residential Furnishings. 35. 

4400 Heating/Ventilation/Air Conditioning . 35. 

4406 Welding 35. 

4409 Bathroom Design 49. 

4403 Kitchen Design 49. 

4404 Landscaping Architecture 49. 

4405 Pipe Fittings 49. 

Great Wave Software ... NCP 

2277 TimeMasters 1.0 22. 

2276 KidsTime1.2 26. 

4334 NumberMaze 27. 

2270 American Discovery 2.1 27. 

2272 Crystal Paint 1.0 27. 

2273 ConcertWare+ 4.0 39. 

2271 ConcertWare+ MIDI 4.0 79. 

MacQmection, 14 Min Street, Marlow, NH 03456 1-800/622^72 603/446-7711 B\X 603/446-7791 

...And he saw 

HvperToo\s‘2 ^ 

HyfwTools attd HyperTools i^Z 103-Sixteen 

HyperCard development tools in each. #1, for 
stack design^ icon editing and alignment. #2, for 
enhancing stacks^ data entry ana formatting. 
Indudes HyperCard each $59. 

Greene, Inc. ... NCP 

2269 QuickDEX1.4A 32. 

2635 MacKana/Basic Kanji $39. 

2630 MacGreek 59. 

2631 MacHebrew 59. 

2636 MacKanji2.0 59. 

2637 MacKorean 59. 

2637 MacThai 59. 

2625 MacChinese Cantonese 79. 

2626 Cantonese Supplement 39. 

2645 MacChinese Mandarin 79. 

2646 Mandarin Supplement 39. 

2647 Greek/Hebrew/Phonetic 89. 


2639 LaserFrench/German/Spanish 79. 

2640 LaserGreek 79. 

2641 LaserHebrew 79. 

2642 LaserKorean 89. 

2638 LaserCyrilic 115. 

4129 LaserThai 115. 

Lundeen & Associates ... NCP 

2684 WorksPlus Spell 1.1 46. 

2683 WorksPlus Command 1.1 59. 

MacroMind ... NCP 

4202 Black & White Movies (17 of them !) . . 30. 

4291 Video Clip Animation 36. 

4110 Clip Sounds (sound effects & music ) . 36. 

ICOM Simulations ... NCP 

4084 On Cue 1.3 36. 

4085 TMON 2.8.1 89. 

ideaform ... NCP 

2419 DiskQuick2.10 27. 

2418 HyperBook Maker 1.0 31 . 

2420 MacLabeler Plus 3.0 42. 

Individual Software ... NCP 

4209 Typing Instructor Encore 26. 

4491 101 Scripts & Buttons for HyperCard 37. 

2943 101 Macros for Excel 37. 

Infosphere ... CP 

2513 LaserServe 2.0 62. 

2514 MacServe2.4 155. 

4595 Liaison 1.0 185. 

Innovative Data Design ... NCP 

2417 MacDraft1.2B 149. 

Insignia ... NCP 

4089 SoftPCI.1 479. 

Intuit ... NCP 

2425 Quicken 1.0 33. 

Kent Marsh Ltd. ... NCP 

2591 The NightWatch 1 .02 89. 

2592 MacSafe1.08C 89. 

LaCie ... NCP 

4335 Silverserver 1.0 92. 

LaserWare ... NCP 

4095 LaserPaintColor I1 1.8 359. 

Layered ... NCP 

2608 Front Desk 6.0 (multi-user, 59. 

2613 Insight OneWrite 1 .0 185. 

2610 Insight Expert AR 2.0 459. 

2611 Insight Expert GL 2.0 459. 

2609 Insight Expert AP 2.0 459. 

2612 Insight Expert Inventory 2.0 459. 

2614 Insight Expert Time Billing 2.0 ... . 459. 
Learning Company ... CP 

2670 Reader Rabbit 2.0 33. 

Letraset ... NCP 

2619 Image Studio 1 .5 279. 

2621 Ready.Set.Go!4 4.0A 279. 

Linguist’s Software ... NCP 

2649 Tech 59. 

2643 LaserTech 79. 

2628 SuperFrench/German/Spanish .... 39. 

EectronicArts ... NCP 

Studio 8 f .(^-Advanced graphics program uses 
feimiliar icons for ease of use. Masking functions 
and color effects provide a higher level of 
versatility and power $319. 


Clip Charts (bar, pie & bullet charts) . 



VideoWorks II HyperCard Driver 1 .2 



VideoWorks II Accelerator 1.1 



VideoWorks II 2.0 

Manx Software ... NCP 



Aztec C 3.6B 



Aztec C UniTools 



Aztec SDB3.6B 



Aztec MPWC3.6B 



Aztec C + SDB3.6B 




Managing Your Money 2.0 




City to City 1.0 



Focal Point/Business Class Bundle . . 



Open It! 



Reports! 1.2 



Lookup 1 .OC 



Findswell 2.0 



Spellswell 2.0F 

Microlytics ... NCP 



Word Finder 2.0 





Microseeds Publishing ... NCP 

2913 Redux1.5 $65. 

4210 Screen Gems 1 .0 49. 

Microsoft ... NCP 

4471 QuickBasic 1.0 65. 

2863 Chart 1.02 79. 

2885 Microsoft Write 1.0 79. 

2866 File 2.0 129. 

2884 Works 1.1 189. 

4057 Works on the Apple Mac Book 15. 

2865 Excel 1.5 255. 

2864 Exce//n8us/ness Book 18. 

2882 Word 3.02 255. 

4056 Working with Word Book 18. 

2878 PowerPoint 2.0 255. 

2875 Microsoft Mail (1-4 users) 195. 

2872 Microsoft Mail (5-10 users) 325. 

2873 Microsoft Mail (11-20 users) 489. 

2874 Microsoft Mail (21 -32 users) 639. 

Miles Computing ... NCP 

2768 Orchestra of Fonts Vol. 4 19. 

2771 Mac the Ripper Vol. 3 27. 

2769 Peoples. Places & Things Vol. 5 ... . 27. 
Mindscape ... CP 

2748 The Perfect Score: SAT 1.0 46. 

Monogram ... NCP 

2780 Dollars & Sense 4.0 81 . 

2779 Business Sense 1.0 279. 

Nantucket ... NCP 

2971 McMax 189. 

Niles & Associates ... NCP 

4602 EndNotel.O 82. 

Nolo Press ... NCP 

4228 Forthe Record 1.0 29. 

2981 WillMaker3.0 34. 

North Edge Software ... NCP 

2986 Timeslips III 1.05 117. 

Odesta ... NCP 

4211 DataDesk Professional 2.0 289. 

3014 GeoQuery 1.0 295. 

3013 Double Helix II 2.0R40 339. 

Oiduvai Software ... NCP 

3029 DA-Switcher 25. 

3033 Art Clips 35. 

3031 lcon-lt!1.01 39. 

3030 FontShare 1 .01 149. 

3035 Read-lt!TS1.06H6 79. 

3034 Read-lt! 1.06H 199. 

^ada belerPlus 

MacLakJer Plus 8.0, the Label (Construction Set- 
Customize your disk labels. Place fields any- 
where. Icons. Graphics. Fonts. Color. Print 
queuing. Image Writer and LaserWriter 
support $42. 


OWL International ... NCP 

3082 Guide 2.0 $99. 

Paracomp ... NCP 

4597 Swivel 3D 249. 


31 75 HFS Backup 3.0 (new & improved) . . 54. 

Postcraft International ... NCP 
3157 Laser FX 1.6 114. 

4058 Laser FX Pack I 29. 

4059 Laser FX Pack II 29. 

4060 Laser FX Pack III 29. 

4061 Laser FX Pack IV 29. 

4062 Laser FX Pack V 29. 

4063 Laser FX Pack VI 29. 

Pro Plus ... CP 

4310 Wall Street Investor 349. 

ProVUE Development ... NCP 

4582 Panorama 1.0 209. 

Quark ... NCP 

3230 Quark XPress 2.0 call 

4621 QuarkStyle call 

CE Software ... NCT 

QuicKiys 1 '/-Award-winning program features 
simple, powerful, and sequenceable maaos. 
Take control of your Mac, and become a true 
power user $53. 

Rubicon Publishing ... CP 

3272 Dinner At Eight-Encore Edition 1 .03 . 45. 

Satori ... NCP 

3320 BulkMailer3.22 79. 

3321 BulkMailer Plus 3.22 195. 

3322 Legal Billing 1.85 369. 

3323 Legal Billing II 2.54 539. 

3324 Project Billing 1 .54 409. 

Sensible Software ... NCP 

3375 Sensible Grammar 1.1 D 54. 

Silicon Beach Software ... NCP 

3504 Silicon Press 1.1 41. 

3508 World Builder 1.0 41. 

3506 SuperPaint 1.1 79. 

3507 Super3D1.0 157. 

3980 Digital Darkroom 1 .0 157. 

Simon & Schuster ... NCP 
4230 The Fully Powered Mac Book 24. 

Fifth Generation Systems ... NCP 
Suitcase II y.O-AUows unlimited fonts & DAs 
without having to install them in your system. 

Load them on startup or on the fly $45. 

SjPecw/“Through Feb. 28, purchase Suitcase II 
and you may also purchase Pyro! for just $ 12. 

3305 Typing Tutor IV 1 .2 35. 

SmethersBames ... NCP 

1478 Prototyper 1 .0 72. 

SoftStyle ... NCP 

3282 Printworks (Dot Matrix) 3.23 43. 

3281 Printworks (Daisywheel) 3.0 56. 

3283 Printworks (HP laser) 3.0 85. 

SoftView ... NCP 

3471 MaclnUse2.0 42. 

3473 TaxView Planner 2.0 (1988-1992) ... 65. 

3981 FormSet Business Forms Edition 1.1 55. 

3470 MacInTax 69. 

Software Discoveries ... NCP 

3374 Merge Write 1.0 34. 

3373 Record Holder Plus 3.0 45. 

Software Ventures ... NCP 

3455 Microphone II 2.0 225. 

Softworks, Inc. ... NCP 
4601 Stack Cleaner 29. 

4599 HyperTools#1 59. 

4600 HyperTools#2 59. 

Solutions, International ... NCP 

3448 SmartScrap & The Clipper 1.05 ... . 46. 

3449 SuperGlue 1 .05 52. 

3446 The Curator 1 .05 79. 

4308 BackFFX (reqs. Apple FAX modem) 129. 

Spinnaker/Hayden ... CP 

2329 SAT Score Improvement 1 .0 58. 

Springboard ... CP 

3530 Certificate Maker 1.0 24. 

3532 Certificate Maker Library Vol. 1 18. 

3531 Early Games 28. 

4493 Atlas Explorer 28. 

4495 Family Matters 28. 

4492 Works of Art Assortment Series 28. 

4494 Works of Art Education Series 28. 

4496 Works of Art Holiday Series 28. 

4498 Works of Art Laser Art Business .... 59. 

4499 Works of Art Laser Fonts Vol. 1 59. 

4497 Top Honors $59. 

4500 Springboard Publisher 109. 

SuperMac Software ... NCP 

3383 SuperSpool 5.0 54. 

3382 SuperLaserSpool 2.0 82. 

3378 Multi-User SuperLaserSpool 2.0 .. . 199. 

3377 Diskfit1.4 54. 

3379 Network Diskfit 1.4 199. 

3381 Sentinel 2.0 155. 

3380 PixelPaintl.1 199. 

4086 Acknowledge 1 .0 349. 

Survivor Software ... NCP 

3289 MacMoney3.01 62. 

Symantec ... NCP 

3982 MacSQZ!1.05 49. 

3983 S.U.M. 1.02 59. 

3422 More II 225. 

3423 HFS Navigator 1 .0 34. 

3419 Laserspeed 1 .6 55. 

3421 Lightspeed Pascal 2.0 65. 

3420 Lightspeed C 3.01 95. 

3415 CAPP’s for Lightspeed C 1 .0 49. 

3416 CAPP’sfor Lightspeed Pascal 1.0 .. 49. 
Symmetry ... NCP 

3318 HyperDAI.1 38. 

3317 Acta 2.01 46. 

4504 Acta Advantage 1 .0 69. 

4160 PictureBase-WetPaint 99. 

Synergy ... NCP 

3130 VersaTerm 3.20 69. 

3129 KaleidaGraphl.10 125. 

3131 VersaTerm-PRO 2.20 195. 

3G Graphics ... NCP 

3942 Images with Impact! ; Graphics and 

Symbols 1 59. 

4583 Images with Impact!: Business 1 . . . 75. 

Think Educational ... CP 

3615 MacEdgelM.0 27. 

3616 MindOverMac1.4 27. 



Farallon ... NCP 

Timbuktu Z.O. f — A versatile network application 
that allows you to observe or control another 
Macintosh from your own over any LocalTalk 
network $65. 

MacConncction, 14 MiU Street, Mariow,NH(^ 1-800/622^72 603/446-7711 B\X 603/446-7791 

A heavenly array 

T/Maker ... NCP 

3640 ClickArt Personal Graphics $28. 

3642 ClickArt Publications 28. 

3632 ClickArt Business Images 28. 

3636 ClickArt Holidays 28. 

3637 ClickArt Letters Vol.1 28. 

3638 ClickArt Letters Vol. 2 28. 

3634 ClickArt Effects 28. 

3633 Christian Images 35. 

3635 EPS Illustrations 75. 

3639 WriteNow2.0 109. 

TML Systems ... NCP 

3548 Source Code Library I1 1 .0 42. 

3549 TML Pascal 111.0 79. 


4189 TOPS Teleconnector fDB-9^ 39. 

4188 TOPS Teleconnector fO/AZ-Sj 39. 

3726 TOPS for DOS 2.0 119. 

3723 TOPS Mac 2.0 119. 

3724 NetPrint2.0 119. 

4598 TOPS FlashBox f90 days; 125. 

3725 TOPS Repeater fOO days) 132. 

3720 TOPS Flashcard f90 days; 169. 

3417 InBox Starter Kit 2.2 199. 

3418 InBox Connection Mac 2.2 75. 

Traveling-Software ... NCP 

3729 LAP-LINK Mac 1.2 84. 

True BASIC ... NCP 

3587 True BASIC 2.0 59. 

3570 Advanced String 49. 

3574 Business Graphics 49. 

3579 Mathematicians Toolkit 49. 

3583 Scientific Graphics 49. 

3584 Sorting & Searching 49. 

3588 3D Graphics 49. 

4178 Communications 49. 


3571 Algebra 35. 

3573 Arithmetic 35. 

3575 Calculus 35. 

3577 Discrete Math (multi-variate calculus) 35. 

3580 Pre-Calculus 35. 

3581 Probability 35. 

3586 Trigonometry 35. 

3585 TrueSTAT 49. 

Unicorn ... CP 

3751 Animal Kingdom 27. 

SoftView ... NCP 

MacItiTkc-A sophisticated income tax prepara- 
tion program that allows you to organize, store, 
and print out tax information. Includes 74 IRS 
forms and schedules $69. 

3752 Decimal Dungeon $27. 

3753 Fraction Action 27. 

3755 Mac Robots 27. 

3756 Math Wizard 27. 

3754 Read-A-Rama 32. 

William & Macias ... NCP 

3779 DiskFinder1.07 29. 

3783 myDiskLabelerw/Color2.8.1l 31. 

3784 myDiskLabelerw/LaserWriter 2.8.1 LI 34. 
WordPerfect ... NCP 

3800 WordPerfect Mac 1.0.1 185. 

Zedcor ... NCP 

3986 DeskPalnt2.0 69. 

3985 ZBaslc5.0 105. 


Addison-Wesley ... NCP 

4407 The Hobbit 1.0 24. 

4474 Fellowship of the Ring 1.0 24. 

Accolade ... CP 

1184 Hardball 23. 

4484 Mean 18 24. 

4485 4th & Inches 24. 

Discovery Software ... NCP 
Arkanoid-ltst the limits of your strategical 
thinking and quick reflexes as you breSc 
through level after level of mesmerizing brick 

formations. An entertainment classic $27. 

Avalon HIM ... CP 

1011 MacPro Football 2.0 28. 

Blue Chip ... CP 

1441 Millionaire 35. 

Broderbund Software ... CP 

4099 ShufilepuckCaie (air hockey) 22. 

4111 Moebius fadvenfure & arcade; .... 24. 

1429 Ultima III 24. 

4229 Where in World Carmen San Diego? 27. 

1421 Ancient Art of War 27. 

4540 Ancient Art of War at Sea 1.0 27. 

Bullseye ... CP 

1544 Ferrari Grand Prix 32. 

4074 P51 Mustang Flight Simulator 32. 

Discovery Software ... NCP 

4408 Arkanold 27. 

Electronic Arts ... CP 

1851 Scrabble 1.0 26. 

1850 Reach for the Stars 26. 

1842 Chessmaster 2000 28. 

4064 Chuck Yeager Flight Simulator 32. 

4588 Uie Si Death (surgery simulation) ... 32. 

Epyx ... NCP 

2037 Sub Battle Simulator 29. 

Nolo Press ... NCP 
WillMakcr 3.9-Prepare your own valid will 
without a lawyer Follows a simple question 
and answer format, allowing you to update 
your will whenever neccessaiy $34. 

Greene, Inc. ... CP 

2268 Crystal Quest 2.2C 26. 

41 1 9 Crystal Quest w/Critter Editor (NCP) 42 . 

Infinity Software ... CP 

2518 GO 27. 

2519 Grand Slam Tennis 27. 

MacroMind ... NCP 

2772 Mazewars-H 31. 


1339 Shanghai 24. 

4489 Sherlock Holmes: Crown Jewels. ... 24. 

4590 Corruption 27. 

4486 Manhole 30. 

4475 Quarterstaff 30. 

4490 Might and Magic 36. 

4592 ZorkZero 36. 

Microsoft ... CP 

2868 Flight Simulator 32. 

Micro Sports ... NCP 

2787 MSFL Pro League Football 32. 

Miles Computing ... CP 

2764 Down Hill Racer 24. 

2767 Harrier Strike Mission II 27. 

2765 Fool’s Errand 27. 

Mindscape ... CP 

4083 Balanceof Power 1990 30. 

3987 Colony 30. 

2743 Crossword Magic 30. 

2745 DejaVu 30. 

4596 DejaVu II 30. 

2749 Shadowgate 30. 

2750 Trust & Betrayal: Legacy of Si boot 30. 

2751 Uninvited 30. 

PBI Software ... CP 

3110 Strategic Conquest Plus 1.3 35. 

PCAI ... CP 

4321 Lunar Rescue 29. 

4212 MacCourses 32. 

3144 MacGolf2.0 35. 

4320 MacGolf Classic 54. 

4517 Road Racer 1.0 39. 

Primera Software ... NCP 

3169 Smash Hit Racquetball II 22. 

Psion ... CP 

3132 Psion Chess 1.6 31 . 

Sierra On-Line ... CP 

4161 Mother Goose 19. 

3397 Leisure Suit Larry 23. 

' ' mV' ' ' iV 

prayers have been answered/^ 

^^Dear MacConnection, 

^^MacConnection has been my Eavorite 
source for Macintosh products since 
January 1985. Some clergymen are 
skeptics about advertising claims, but 
you made a believer out of me! I phoned 
in my last order at 4:30 PM on Friday 
afternoon. My order arrived before 

10:00 AM on Saturday morning! My 
prayers have been answered! 

^^In addition, MacConnectiorfs usually 
fine advertising has consistendy offered 
the best selection of software and 
accessories for the Macintosh, and at 
prices that make ordering from anyone 
else unreasonable. 

^^Thank you and congratulations!^^ 

Rev. C. H. Readout, Jr. 
Pastor, Apostolic Church 
Enfield, CT 

MacCoimecticm, 14 MiU Street, Marlow, NH 03456 1-800/622-5472 603/446-7711 FAX 603/446-7791 
©Copyright 1989 PC Connection, Inc. MacConnecrion is a division and trademark of PC Connection, Inc 
Just for the record, all the ads in this series feature real live MacConnection customers and the real live letters they wrote us. Really! 

without delay 

Nutmeg Systems ... 90 days 

2992 15" Monitor for Mac Plus 1195. 

2994 15" Monitor for Mac SE 1195. 

2993 15"MonitorforMacll 1295. 

4002 19" Monitor for Mac Plus 1395. 

4003 19" Monitor for Mac SE 1395. 

4004 19" Monitor for Mac II 1495. 

Nuvotech ... 1 year 

3001 TurboNet ST 30. 

3000 TurboNetSTfD/A/-S; 30. 

Orange Micro ... 1 year 

4488 Grappler Spooler 39. 

3036 Grappler C/Mac/GS 79. 

4076 Grappler LQ 92. 

4487 Grappler LS 92. 

PCPC ... 2 years 

3177 HD-WSI (Apple HD-20 to SCSI) . . . 269. 

3181 MacBottom HD 21 SCSI 659. 

3180 MacBottom HD 21 w/Modem .... 759. 

3185 MacBottom HD 32 SCSI 699. 

3184 MacBottom HD 32 w/Modem .... 829. 

3189 MacBottom HD 45 SCSI 859. 

3188 MacBottom HD 45 w/Modem .... 979. 
Practical Peripherals ... 5 years 

3100 1200 Baud External Modem 79. 

3102 2400 Baud External Modem 181 . 

3089 Mac Communications Pack 229. 

Sharp ... 90 days 

3453 JX-450 Color Scanner (includes IEEE 
card and cable) 5895. 

Shiva ... 1 year 

4347 NetBridge 279. 

3444 NetSerial X232 289. 

3443 NetModem V2400 479. 

Summagraphics ... 90 days 

4298 BitPadPlusADB 329. 

Thunderware ... 90 days 
3648 ThunderScan 4.0 with PowerPort . 199. 
3646 MacPIus/SE Power Accessory .... 29. 
3645 Mac II Power Accessory 42. 


2214 Fuji 3V2"DS/DD Disks 18. 

3297 Sony 3V2"DS/DD Disks 19. 

3772 Verbatim 3V2"DS/DD Disks 19. 

2792 MAXELL 3V2"DS/DD Disks 20. 




CompuServe Information Service 



Grolier’s Online Encyclopedia 



CompuServe Navigator 2.02 



Standard Service/Navigator Bundle 

Dow Jones 



Dow Jones Membership Kit 



Desktop Express 1.03 



Market Manager Plus 2.0 



Bantam Books 


Complete HyperCard Handbook . . 

Computer Coverup 



ImageWriter II Cover 

. 8. 


ImageWriter LQ Cover 

. 8. 


Mac Plus Cover Set 

. 10. 


Mac SE Ext. Keyboard Cover Set . 

Goldstein & Blair 

. 10. 


The Macintosh Bible (2nd Edition) . 

. 21. 

of a special water-resistant material that^s as 
strong as Cordura but much smoother so it 
won^t wear out your dothing. Closed-cell foam 
protects against jolts $69. 

Practical Peripherals ... 5 years 

Mac Qmmunications Pack-hdudts external 
2400SA modem, cable, and top-selling 
communication software. Hayes compatible, 
auto-answen A superior value! $229. 

I/O Design ... lifetime 

2378 MacLuggage HDware 49. 

2379 MacLuggage Imageware II 49. 

2376 MacLuggage Macinware Plus .... 64. 
2381 MacLuggage Macinware SE 75. 


4623 Solid Oak Disk Case, made by New 

England craftsman (holds 90 disks). 29. 


2694 Moustrak Pad (standard 7"x9") .... 8. 

2692 Moustrak Pad (7arge9"x 77 "j 9. 

2693 Moustrak Pad UFf9"x77"; 10. 

Moustrak Designer Series (Features 
selected photos from the book, "A Day 
in the Life of America.”) 

4077 Window Washer 1 12. 

4006 Thunderstorm 2 12. 

4007 Old Cajun 3 12. 

4008 Vietnam Memorial 4 12. 

4009 Dance Class 5 12. 

4010 Tea Lesson 6 12. 


3255 ImageWriter II Ribbon 4. 

3261 ImageWriter II 4-color Ribbon 9. 

Cutting Edge ... lYear 

800K External Disk Drive-Sktkj new drive 
features the latest in technology. Compatible 
with 512KE, Plus, and SE. Indudes LED disk 
access light $175. 

3270 ImageWriter II Rainbow Six Pack. . . 20. 
3260 ImageWriter LQ Black Ribbon 17. 

4011 ImageWriter LQ 4-color Ribbon ... 20. 
Sopris Softworks ... lifetime 

4017 ImageWriter II Cover 11. 

4019 Mac SE & Ext. Keyboard Cover 15. 

4018 LaserWriter II Cover 17. 

4012 High Trek ImageWriter II carry case. 49. 

4013 High Trek Mac Plus carry case 59. 

4014 High Trek Mac SE & ext. kybd. case 69. 

3618 ImageWriter II Carry Case 49. 

3617 Mac Plus/SE Carry Case 59. 

4015 Mac SE & Ext. Kybd. Carry Case . . 69. 


• We accept VISA and MASTERCARD. 

• No surcharge added for credit card orders. 

• Your card is not charged until we ship. 

• If we must ship a partial order, we never charge 
freight on the shipment(s) that complete the order. 

• No sales tax. 

• All U.S. shipments insured; no additional charge. 

• APO/FPO orders shipped 1 st Class Mail, charged by 

• Allow 1 week for personal and company checks to 

• COD max. $1000. Cash or certified check. 

• 120 day limited warranty on all products. Defective 
software replaced immediately. Defective hardware 
repaired or replaced at our discretion. All items 
subject to availability. Prices subject to change 
without notice. 

• To order, call us anytime Monday through Friday 9:00 
to 9:00 EST, or Saturday 9:00 to 5:30 EST. You can 
call our business offices at 603/446-7711 Monday 
through Friday 9:00 to 5:30 EST. 


Continental US: Barring massive computer failures 
and other natural or unnatural catastrophes, all 
non-C.O.D. orders phoned into MacConnection by 
8 PM EST will ship Airborne the same night for next day 
delivery, except for those within UPS Ground Zone 1 
(which is also an overnight service). The total freight 
charge on any order placed with MacConnection is 
now S3. Backorders will also ship Airborne overnight 
at no additional charge. Some areas require an 
additional day delivery. 

Hawaii, Alaska and Outside Continental US: Call 
603/446-7711 for information. 

3394 King’s Quest I $29. 

3395 King’s Quest II 29. 

3396 King’s Quest III 29. 

3399 Space Quest 29. 

3400 Space Quest II 29. 

3398 Police Quest 29. 

Silicon Beach Software ... NCP 

3500 Airborne! fCPJ 20. 

3505 Enchanted Scepters fCP; 21. 

3503 Dark Castle 1.1 27. 

3502 Beyond Dark Castle 27. 

3501 Apache Strike 1 . 1 (MacSE & II) 27. 

Simon & Schuster ... CP 

3303 Star Trek— Kobayashi Alternative 24. 

3304 Promethian Prophecy 24. 

Sir-Tech ... CP 

3347 MacWizardry 35. 

Softstream, Inc. ... NCP 

4071 Mac«Man (w/adapter) 24. 

4072 The Solitaire DA 24. 

4073 Colour Billiards 35. 

4078 Game Pak (above 3 titles) 75. 

SPHERE Jnc. ... NCP 

4175 Solitaire Royalef/br/WacSE; 20. 

4001 Solitaire Royale (/or /Wac//j 20. 

3464 Tetris 1.1 20. 

4472 Tetris f/br Mac//; 24. 

3462 PT1091.0 26. 

3460 GAT01.42 26. 

3461 Orbitorl.1 26. 

3459 Falcon 2.0 32. 

Spinnaker/Hayden ... CP 

2328 Sargon IV 29. 

XOR ... NCP 

3816 Pro Challenge 29. 

3815 NFL Challenge 59. 


Manufacturer’s standard limited 
warranty period is listed after each 
company name. Some products in their 
line may have other warranty periods. 


1 Meg SIMMs 

. .call for availability 

Abaton ... 5 years 





InterFax Modem . . . . 



Datadesk ... 2 years 

Mac-IOi Kiykfard-hdudts maao program^ 
Masterstrokes, to assign keystrokes and mouse 
dicks to 15 function keys. Beige, Platinum, or 
ADB version $145. 

Asher Engineering ... lifetime 

1212 Turbo Trackball ADB $69. 

1211 Quadlynx Trackball (non AOB; 69. 

AST Research ... 6 months 

1229 Mac 286 call 

Cutting Edge ... 1 year 

3988 CE 105ADB Keyboard w/QuIcKeys 149. 

3989 800k Disk Drive 175. 

3990 The Wedge XL 30+ SCSI Drive . . . 629. 

3991 The Wedge XL 45 + SCSI Drive . . . 829. 
Datadesk ... 2 years 

1819 MAC-101 Keyboard (beige) 145. 

1820 MAC-101 Keyboard (platinum ) .... 145. 

1821 MAC-101 Keyboard fAOe; 145. 

Dove Computer ... 90 days 

1801 SCSI Interface/Port 109. 

1807 MacSnap524E 289. 

1809 MacSnap524S 379. 

1811 MacSnap548E 549. 

1812 MacSnap548S 599. 

1800 MacSnap2SE 439. 

1797 MacSnapPlus2 439. 

1793 MaraThon020MSE1 585. 

iupcrMac ^ottwarc ... NQP 
SufwLascrSiPOollO-hstcst spooler around. 
Temporarily routes tiles to your hard disk for 
effident background printing. Works with 
LaserWritei^ LaserWriter II, and all 
ImageWriters $82. 

1794 MaraThon 020 MSE2 (1 Meg) .... 979. 

1795 MaraThon 020 MSE3 fma/h ch/p;. . 779. 

1796 MaraThon 020 MSE4 (1 Meg/chip) 1159. 

4231 MaraThon 020 MSE4X4 2395. 

1803 1024 Option 439. 

4505 MaraThon 030 Axelerator 20MHz . . 649. 

4515 MaraThon 030 Axelerator 25MHz . . 849. 

4516 MaraThon 030 Accelerator 33MHz . 1039. 

Ergotron ... 1 year 

2004 Mouse Cleaner 360° 15. 

3992 The Muzzle fcove/s power ou//ef; .. 62. 

1998 MacTilt Oo/af/num; 68. 

2000 MacTiltSE 68. 

3993 Workstation A (l/p to 40 /P mon/for; . call 

3994 Workstation Bfup to 60 /Pmon/tor) . call 
Farailon Computing ... 1 year 

2202 PhoneNET-AppleTalk 120 9. 

2203 PhoneNET PLUS fD//V-8; 35. 

2204 PhoneNET PLUS fDS-9; 35. 

2205 PhoneNET Punch Down Block .... 69. 

2201 TrafficWatch 149. 

2206 PhoneNET StarController 1289. 

FWB Software ... 1 year 

4263 PocketHammer40 1089. 

TOPS ... 90 days 

TOPS FlashBox-lasiy and inexpensively 
inaeases the speed or your LocaTiyk network 
up to 3 times. Use only in areas where you 
want greater speed or over the entire 
network $125. 

4264 PocketHammer80 $1639. 

3998 Hammer91 2195. 

3999 Hammer155 2995. 

4000 Hammer300 4295. 

Hayes ... 2 years 

2300 Smartcom II 3.0B 88. 

2304 Smartmodem 1200 299. 

2307 Smartmodem 2400 449. 

Kensington ... 1 year 
2563 Mouse Pocket ADB 8. 

2577 Mouseway fmouse pad; 8. 

2569 Mac Plus or SE Cover 9. 

4126 LaserWriter II Cover 17. 

2589 Universal Printer Stand 15. 

2562 Mouse Cleaning Kit w/Pocket 17. 

2550 Disk Drive Cleaning Kit 20. 

2580 Mac II Stand 20. 

2545 Universal Copy Stand 22. 

2573 Maxessories Tilt/Swivel 22. 

2578 Extra Long ADB Keyboard Cable . . 25. 

2556 Maxessories Anti-glare Filter 33. 

2579 Mac II Monitor Cable Extension ... 33. 

2559 Apple Sxurlty System 34. 

2568 Maccessorles SuperBase 34. 

2585 Printer Muffler 80 43. 

2586 Printer Muffler 80 Stand 24. 

2583 Printer Muffler 132 58. 

2584 Printer Muffler 132 Stand 24. 

4070 System Saver SE 52. 

2566 System Saver Mac 0D/a//num; 64. 

2546 MaxessorlesA-BBox 64. 

2560 MasterPixe 400 64. 

2561 MasterPixe Mac II 105. 

2547 New Turbo Mouse ADB 109. 

2576 New Turbo Mouse for Mac Plus. . . 109. 

Koala Technologies ... 90 days 

2593 MacVision2.0 219. 

Kraft Systems ... 1 year 

2600 3-Button QuickStick 39. 

4082 3-Button QuickStick ADB 51. 

Kurta ... lifetime 

2604 IS ADB Tablet 255. 

2605 Cordless 4 Button Cursor (1 year ) . . 95. 

Mobius Technologies ... 1 year 

4470 Fanny Mac QT 65. 

MSC Technologies ... lifetime 

2808 A -I- Mouse 65. 

2809 A+ Mouse ADB 85. 


How can you follow an act 
like the Macintosh? A look at 
the Mac team five years after. 

by Steven Levy 

"Ifs a wonderful, ecstatic feeling to create something 
and sort of put it hack in the pool of human experi- 
ence and knowledge. And we have this incredible 
chance to do that in the next five years. And then it'll 
be over. By the end of this decade it'll he all over and 
computers will be everywhere. We'll have incredibly 
great ones and cheap ones, and you know people 
will be making them better and cheaper than I do. 
But going out of the eighties, you know there won't 
be a Mac group. Burrell will he off in Oregon playing 
his guitar. Andy will be writing the next great Ameri- 
can novel. Who knows what. But we'll be scattered 
all over the globe doing other amazing stuff." 

— Steve Jobs, before the introduction of the Macintosh 

It was November of 1983 when I was ushered into 
Bandley 3 to see the future. Bandley 3, of course, was 
the building that housed the Mac team, the so-called 
pirate lair on the Apple campus, where the “insanely 
great” computer called Macintosh was then being 
rushed into production. As part of the well-orches- 
trated media blitz that was to accompany the Macin- 

Macworld 161 

tosh s introduction, I was to document the machine s 
creation tot Rollmg Stone, a publication that rarely de- 
voted feature stories to such technologica as computer 

But this was different. Not so much because this 
computer was reputed to be so revolutionary; but be- 
cause of who was making it — a sassy young company 
called Apple, led by a brash young culture hero called 
Steve Jobs. Yes, the computer turned out to be more 
important than any of the creation legends it launched, 
but that winter something else impressed me just as 
much as the stocky little beige box that said “Welcome 
to Macintosh”: the team that had brought it to fruition. 

They were young and energetic and ingenuous, 
almost falling over themselves with enthusiasm. Pas- 
sion burned in their eyes. As they spoke, they gesticu- 
lated toward the bread box-size computer — some- 
times they stroked it affectionately, as if it were a magic 
charm. Clearly; they believed they were on a crusade; 
their goal was no less than freeing the world from the 
evil forces of IBM-style computing. They would 
achieve this goal simply by creating the world s great- 
est personal computer, which in their minds was syn- 
onymous with creating a computer that they them- 
selves would like to own. 

You hear a lot of promises in the corporate and 
scientific world. But this felt different. Stepping into the 

Looking Back 
Several key tnemhers 
of the Mac team in 
19B5: (from left to 
right) George Crow, 
Joanna Hoffman, 
Andy Hertzfeid, Bur- 
rell Smith (below), Bill 
Atkinson, and Jeny 

vortex of Mac development, you really felt as if you 
were standing at the nexus of history, that future gen- 
erations would wonder what it was like, that you 
would be able to tell your grandchildren you were 
there. Remarkably; this sensation did not prove tempo- 
rary. In fact, as we observe the fifth anniversary of the 
Macintosh, even some of the bolder promises made a 
half-decade ago by the cocky pirates have been ful- 
filled. True, not all the promises. And true, there was 
a time when it looked like the silicon love object to 
which they had devoted nearly all of their waking 
hours (a T-shirt they wore read “90 Hours a Week and 
Loving It”) would crash and burn in the marketplace. 
But today; the advocates of the Macintosh have been 
vindicated. It has changed the world. 

The Mac team members have changed as well. 
The success of their offspring has been bittersweet. 
Their leader has been shunned by the organization he 
founded, and has begun a venture of his own; both 
events have created tumult among survivors of the Mac 
team, which itself was effectiveh' disbanded by the 
time the computer was shipped. Many of them have 
had to come to terms with the new regime at Apple — 
a majority of the key players have left — but some now 
look dyspeptically upon the compan\* they once pro- 
claimed a beacon of light in a corporate Dark Age. Al- 
most all suffered some degree of letdowm after the tri- 
umphant unveiling of the Mac in January 1984. A few' 
sunk into serious depression for a time. It is fair to say 
that now, five years after the fact, none have forgotten 
the exhilarating months spent creating the computer 
For The Rest Of Us. To the contrary, it stands not only 
as the best time of their young lives to date, but some- 
thing that they had to come to terms with in order to 
reconstruct their lives after Macintosh. 

Joanna Hoffman, wlio signed on to the team in 
1962 as an international marketer, puts it succinctly: 


A gathering of the Mac's software artists from the early days: 
(left to right) Jerome Coonen, Donn Denman, Andy Hertzfeid, 
Rony Sebok, Bruce Horn, Susan Rare, Bill Atkinson, Owen 
Densmore, Steve Capps, Larry Kenyon, and Patti Kenyon with 
baby Trade. 

162 February 1989 

have had to make a real effort to get them charged up 
again,” explains Bill Gates, the chairman of Microsoft 
who had worked closely with Apple during the Mac 
development. ‘‘Steve didn’t pull them together in 84, 
and they started w'andering off’ 

The irony is that many on the team w^ere almost 
begging to be part of some revolutionary new' project 
concocted from scratch. From Apple’s point of view; 
though, their efforts could best be spent in continued 
work on the Macintosh, which for all its glories had 
some glaring flaws. So the intrepid creators of the 
Finder, Bruce Horn and Steve Capps, labored to do an- 
other release. Then Horn left, dissatisfied with w hat he 
considered unfair compensation and inadequate grati- 
tude for the labors of himself and others. Capps con- 
tinued on the Finder until he left in late 1984, intend- 
ing to be a free man in Paris. 

Capps now feels that the Mac itself suffered from 
not having its creators around to keep improving on it. 
‘‘We bailed out too soon,” he says. Capps and other 
Macintosh veterans now realize that some of the “reli- 
gion” associated with the computer did not jibe with 
the needs of the marketplace. “In our efforts to change 
the world we were a little arrogant and unwilling to lis- 
ten to reason — you have to give the customer wiiat he 
needs,” says Bill Atkinson. Capps reasons that if the 
team had stuck around longer, the\^ might ha\e im- 
proved the Macintosh in a manner more elegant than 
that of their replacements, who came up with the Mac 
SE and the Mac II. (Several critics on the Mac team 
regard those computers as necessary evolutions, but 
lacking the artistic flair of the original.) 

Actually, some of the Mac team w^ere trying to 
make something very much like the SE, back in late 
1984. The so-called Turbo Mac, like the SE, w^ould have 
had a hard disk, would have featured a gray-scale mon- 
itor, and w^ould have run software faster than the origi- 

Mac Softivare 
Bill Gates of Microsoft 
(left), Mitch Kapor of 
Lotus (center), and 
Fred Gibbons of Soft- 
ware Publishing 
(right) appeared 
together at the Mac's 
inception to show their 
support for the Mac 

“It’s hard to recapture that magic balance of a great 
product, great people, a great time — an electric buzz 
that w^ent on for years. I don’t think 1 realized how^ 
amazing it w'as w'hen I was doing it.” After it was over, 
she says, “nobody could go back to a job.” 

Put in other terms, each member of the Mac team 
was faced with a baffling dilemma: w^hat to do for 
an encore. 

Steve’s Job 

My quest to reinterview some of the Mac wizards 
I had spoken with five years previous took me, of 
course, back to Silicon Valley. Coincidentally, the area 
was abuzz with speculation about the imminent intro- 
duction of another computer: Steve Jobs’s Next ma- 
chine. Jobs, preparing for the elaborate introduction of 
this new^-generation education engine, was too con- 
sumed with his new company to chew sunflower 
seeds with me and talk Macintosh, but inevitably his 
shadow still hung over each interview I did. 

Steve Jobs’s banishment from Apple stands as a 
shorthand symbol for the disposition of the Mac team. 
With a few' exceptions, like softw'are artisans Larry 
Kenyon and Jerome Coonen, and documention-leader- 
turned-marketer Chris Espinosa, the Mac team doesn’t 
work there anymore. Job.s’s shocking exit from the 
company w'as but a climax to a process of attrition al- 
ready in motion when the Mac first shipped. Jobs him- 
self has to shoulder some culpability for this. “There 
was so much fervor on the team in ’83 that Steve would 

Macworld 163 

nal. More important, the warren of cubicles dubbed 
Turbotown was seen as a refuge from what the Mac 
veterans considered the “bozo” style of engineering 
and marketing endemic to Apple. Ultimately, the Turbo 
Mac went into the land of discontinued products. For 
Burrell Smith — the hardware genius who had done 
the Mac’s digital board — that was the last straw for 
him and Apple Computer. 

Andy Uertzfeld, the wizard of ROM who had done 
much of the Mac’s operating software, also felt that 
Apple was providing insufficient challege and left the 
company in 1985. He loved Apple and loved its prod- 
ucts, but thought that the company was on the wrong 
track. “For a month after I left, I cried myself to sleep,” 
he says. 

So when the fire storm surrounding Steve Jobs’s 
departure broke in mid-1986, there was no Mac team 
to speak of Some of the remaining key players in the 
Macintosh division, like top marketer Mike Murray and 
software chief Bob Belleville, left in the continuing 
turmoil. Since Jobs had a new project — one that would 
supposedly blow* people away and change the world in 
the same spirit that the Mac did — Next stood as a pos- 
sible sequel to the excitement of Macintosh. And Steve 
Jobs did some heavy recruiting of the Mac team. 
Among his starting players were the original Mac soft- 
ware honcho Bud Tribble and the hardware designer 
George Crow, who’d done the Mac’s analog board. 
From there, Jobs began putting heavy pressure on 
people like Andy Hertzfeld, Steve Capps, Bill Atkinson, 

Macintosh Milestones 

Mao\'orld cover stories chronicle the Macintosh’s highly suc- 
cessful development over the past five y^ears. 

and other Mac vets. Joanna Hoffman and Susan Kare, 
the graphic artist who had worked on Mac icons and 
fonts, joined up (though both have now left). But some 
people were too burned out on Steve Jobs; others 
didn’t think an education-directed computer was the 
way to go. Jobs was not easily denied. The archetypi- 
cal, possibh' apocryphal story is of one programmer 
whom Next wooed furiously When the prospect 
finally turned down the offer, Jobs huffed that “we 
really don’t want you anyway” 

The Wizard of Mac 

As far as Andy Hertzfeld was concerned. Next w'as 
a temptation, but not enough for him to give up his sta- 
tus as the last Mac crusader. Andy’s continuing energy, 
creativity, and devotion to the cause have propelled 
him into the role of the conscience of the Mac team, 
the keeper of the flame. The compact, gregarious wiz- 
ard, now in his midthirties, will bluntly state that the 
years he spent working on the computer were the best 
of his life, and that the bonds he forged with his col- 
leagues arc blood ties. “I would do anything for an- 
other member of the Mac team,” he says. And for years 
after leaving Apple, he would do anything for the com- 
puter he helped bring to market. 

“Up until 1987, 1 always kept thinking. What can 1 
do to help the Macintosh? What can 1 do to mcike it 
great?” he explains. “I had a certain responsibility.” In 
his view, the Mac’s potential to change the world was 
at stake. So after working on his software for the 
ThunderScanner, he spurned potentially lucrative proj- 
ects so he could work — with no promise of compensa- 
tion — on Servant, an alternative desktop program. 
Likewise, QuickerDraw, his program to speed up color 

January 1984 

Steve Jobs proudly in- 
troduces the Macin- 
tosh on the cover of the 
premier issue of 

November 1984 

In answer to user de- 
mand, Apple upgrades 
the original Mac’s 
meager I28K of RAM 
to a respectable 512K. 

February 1985 

The introductioti of 
the LaserWriter pai 'es 
the way for desktop 

July 1985 

Desktop publishing 
software helps the Mac 
establish a firm foot- 
hold in offices domi- 
nated by MS-DOS. 

April 1986 

With 1MB of RAM, a 
SCSI port, and 800K 
drives, the Mac Plus is 
finally ready to do 

May 1986 

A major weakness of 
the Mac is redressed 
with the Hierarchical 
File System. 




164 February 1989 

graphics on the Mac II, was executed primarily to 
make the Macintosh more attractive than its 

Eventually, Hertzfeld came to realize that his ef- 
forts might better be expended in other areas. Lately 
he has embarked on a project commissioned by the 
Frogdesign Company to help design the ultimate home 
entertainment system. “I have to be realistic, not tilt at 
windmills,” he says. More to the point, he adds, “In the 
fall of ’87, it became very clear the Mac didn’t need me 
at all.” He is of course delighted at the computer's suc- 
cess, a vindication of the claims he and others made in 
1984. But he finds it ironic that “a lot of people who are 
smug about the success the Mac is having are the same 
ones who hated it when it first appeared.” 

The years have given him a more temperate vision 
of how important the Mac has been in the scheme of 
things. And he realizes that his celebrity in the Mac 
community is to a large extent a function of luck — 
being in the right place at the right time. He asks him- 
self questions: What would the Mac have been like if 
he hadn’t worked on the project? What would it have 
been like without Steve Jobs? What would Apple be 
like if the Mac hadn't appeared? And what would the 
world be like if there weren't an Apple Computer? The 
answers he comes up with reflect a candid maturity. 

“Well, the world wouldn't have been that differ- 
ent,” he admits. “Maybe things would have happened 
a year later.” 

As for Steve Jobs’s off-the-cuff observation that 
Andy Hertzfeld would one day pen the Great American 
Novel, there is still hope for that. Hertzfeld is an avid 
reader (Vladimir Nabokov is his current passion), and 
he hopes one day to sit down at the computer and 
crunch fiction. 

Howard Hughes Approximately 

Burrell Smith’s path since leaving Apple has been 
eventful and puzzling. The diminutive blond hardware 
hacker has not, as Jobs predicted, gone off to Oregon 
to play guitar. Instead he has continued his digital de- 
sign work, and since the Mac he has been responsible 
for significant contributions ranging from the Laser- 
Writer to the Radius Full Page Display Monitor. The lat- 
ter product was created after Smith left Apple, appar- 
ently under bitter circumstances. When I first met 
Smith, before the Mac unveiling, he spoke with affec- 
tion about the company that had allowed him — an ob- 
scure engineer working in the repair department — 
the chance to design its major new computer. Now, he 
reportedly will not even drive his car in the vicinity of 
Apple headquarters. 

Supporting the Mac was something else, and one 
day in April 1986 he asked former Mac teammate Mike 
Boich to come over to his house to hear about the full- 
page display. Boich, co-author of MacTerminal and the 
first Mac software evangelist, had also burned out on 
Apple. For a time he even left the computer field, hop- 
ing to vent his entrepreneurial urges in the real estate 
business. But after seeing Burrell Smith's project, most 
of it spread out on Smith's Ping-Pong table, he decided 
to get back into computers. Boich and Smith began Ra- 

April 1987 

The Macintosh II sig- 
nals a promising new 
era with its open ar- 
chitecture and color 

May 1987 

Initially hidden in the 
Mac ITs shadow, the SE 
would soon become 
the sales leader of the 
Mac product line. 

October 1987 

MultiFinder presages 
future operating sys- 
tems, while HyperCard 
is a vital sign for 

March 1988 

The LaserWriter II es- 
tablishes a line of three 
printers, from the 
QuickDraw-based SC 
to the speedy NTX. 

January 1989 

Nearly five years after 
the introduction of the 
Macintosh, Steve Jobs 
unveils yet another 
ground-breaking de- 
sign at Next. 






The Future 

What is the shape of 
thhtgs to come? Stay 
tuned as Macwc )rki 
covers exciting new 
Macs in this fifth anni 

Macworld 165 

dius. Andy Hertzfeld, eager to work with Smith again 
and to participate in the creation of another product 
that would help the Macintosh, wrote the software for 
the display. Alain Rossman, another Apple refugee, 
joined the management team, and now Radius is one 
of the biggest Macintosh-oriented companies, employ- 
ing over 100 people. 

But Burrell Smith was not happy there, either, 
though he won’t tell us why. He preferred not to be in- 
terviewed for this piece. I was not surprised; I had 
heard that he had become reclusive. Supposedly he 
has stopped answering his phone. Friends have been 
calling him “the Howard Hughes of computers.” He re- 
cently left Radius, despite holding stock worth per- 
haps millions. Quite poSvSibly he is unhappy with the 
inevitable layers of bureaucracy that shroud all compa- 
nies of that size; associates describe Smith as harbor- 
ing little patience with, “bozos” who don’t share his vi- 
sion or designing talent. Originally, his first project 
after leaving Radius was to have been the hardware 
design of the home entertainment system his friend 
Andy Hertzfeld was working on, but despite a reported 
million-dollar offer. Smith decided not to do it. 

Portrait of a 

Randy Wigginton 
in 1984 

Randy's Story 

In some in- 
stances, the personal 
fortunes of Mac team 
members have fol- 
lowed the success 
curve of the Macintosh 

itself: euphoria out of the gate, then a bleak period 
where success was in doubt, followed by a comeback 
that portended stability. Certainly this was the case 
with the two wizards responsible for the applications 
software bundled with the original Mac. Randy Wig- 
ginton and Bill Atkinson wrote, respectively, MacWrite 
and MacPaint. In addition, Atkinson was the author of 
the QuickDraw routines — originally used in Mac’s big 
sister, Lisa — that were at the heart of the Mac’s graph- 
ics capabilities. When I first met them five years ago, 
both were exhausted from the effort they had ex- 
pended on the Macintosh. But both were fiercely 
proud of what they and their colleagues had produced. 

Wigginton in particular was pushing the bound- 
aries of his energies, trying to make sure that the re- 
lease version of MacWrite would not blow up, thus 
destroying thousands of term papers, memos, and re- 
ports. He was no stranger to historic personal comput- 
er efforts — as a teenager he had helped the nascent 
Apple Computer ship its first product, the fabled Apple 
II. But that was back in the days when bugg\^ software 
was shrugged off by hobbyist users. The Mac had to 
work right; millions of dollars were at stake. So the 
pressure was on Wigginton, who had independently 
contracted with Apple to write the Mac word proces- 
sor. A solid version of MacWrite went out on time, and 
it was Wigginton’s triumph, as well as “my swan song 
as a hacker,” he says. “I lost 15 pounds during that 

But not long after the intro troubles began for 
Randy Wigginton. He immediately started work on a 
“virtual memory” version of his program, a version 
that would hold more than the inadequate ten-pages- 
at-most files of the first release. He undertook this 
project less for financial reasons than from a desire to 
help the Macintosh — under the licensing agreement, 
he got no more money for writing a new version. But 
he says he did it to help the Mac. 


Before the Mac was unveiled, this provocative television ad 
ran during the Super Bowl to symbolize Apple's rebellious 
challenge to Big Brother: IBM. 

166 February 1989 


By the time he had finished, though, the Fat Mac 
was out (increasing the document size of MacWrite), 
Microsoft Word was about to be shipped, and the need 
for the upgrade was questionable. Also, Wigginton had 
discovered that during the time he and his helpers 
were sweating to finish the original word processor, 
Apple, in a show of low confidence, had secretly com- 
missioned another group to write a second program, 
just in case MacWrite failed. (Apple never released this 
other program, which later evolved into WriteNow.) 

Wigginton began to ask himself what his hercu- 
lean efforts had brought him. “The answer,” he says, 
“came up short.” 

Things only got worse in 1985, as potential buyers 
perceived the flaws in the Macintosh and sales flat- 
tened. It was a humbling experience. 

“All the publicity said — and we believed — that we 
were on a mi.ssion from God,” says Wigginton. “But af- 
terwards, everybody realized that they were human 
— and it was hard.” 

For him, it was particularly hard. A period of “cre- 
ative paralysis” ensued. Another word for it might be 
depression. For six months he did no programming 
and spent a lot of time sleeping and watching televi- 
sion. It was all too easy to fall into the trap of drugs. 

He alienated almost all of his friends, and this 
deepened his misery. “I was convinced I had done the 
best work of my life,” he says of this period. “I had no 
desire to live.” 

With the aid of therapy, and the support of his 
wife, w'hom he’d married in 1984, he rekindled his de- 
sire. He came to realize that “I wasn’t an OK person be- 
cause of the work I did — I was an OK person because 
of who I am.” He came to realize that the fast-track 
world of a Macintosh hero was much like that of a ris- 
ing Holhwood actor — with the same dangerous pit- 
falls. Wigginton got involved in living again, and 
though he avoided hard-core programming, he was 
able to oversee the development of a program that was 
to become Ashton-Tate’s Full Impact spreadsheet. 

Now he is once again fit and energetic, and was 
recently hired by Ashton-Tate’s Macintosh division as a 
senior scientist. “My goal is to help them come out 
with products on the leading edge,” he says. “I’m sort 
of a practical visionary.” The company has made a wise 
choice; besides having an intuitive grasp of software 
design, Randy Wigginton has the experience that 
comes from being a participant in the early days of 

personal computing, as well as the maturity that 
comes from turning his life around. All that, and he is 
only 28 years old. 

From Mac to HyperCard 

Bill Atkinson’s depression did not hit until almost 
a year after the Mac shipped. The guru of MacPaint and 
QuickDraw had immediately embarked on another 
project with the potential to change the world even 
more than the Macintosh. It was to be called Magic 
Slate, and besides animating some of Atkinson’s most 
creative design ideas, it embodied some of the prin- 
ciples of Alan Kay’s fabled Dynabook portable com- 
puter concept, as well as some 
of Jef Raskin’s ideas about how 
a computer user should not 
have to worry about operating 
systems or applications: the 
user should just work, and the 
tools should appear as they are 

As Atkinson describes it 
today. Magic Slate seems like a 
dream computer. At 14 by 12 
inches, it would be roughly the 
size of a tabloid newspaper — 
held vertically on the lap or 
desk — and would weigh no 
more than a pound or so, por- 
table enough that no one would 
go anywhere without it. It 
would be made inexpensively 
enough “to figure that you 
would lose about six a year,” he 
says. The memory would be 
sufficiently large that you could 
think of the information stored 
within it as “a notebook 80 feet 
thick.” (Pages would be the 
units of storage here, much as 
note cards are in HyperCard.) 

Searching functions would be 

Dynamic Duo? 

The close working re- 
lationship of Steve Jobs 
and John Sculley was 
highly publicized, hut 
could not prevent a 
rift that led to Jobs’s 
expulsion from the 
company he created. 

Mactv'orld 167 

DeJ^ Vu? 

Five years later, Steve 
Jobs learn on another 
innovative computer 

community. The proportions of his depression seemed 
absurdly puny compared to the celestial epic. 

Far from being a daunting observation, this re- 
charged his thinking. Wherever he stood — wherever 
we all stood — in the universe, it made sense to make 
do with w^hat we are, with who we are. And Atkinson 
realized that he was not without a certain measure of 
ability to make this world better. He was in a position 
of leadership, he had an ability to think creatively, and 
he had the ear of John Sculley. 

And soon he had an idea — some of the virtues of 
Magic Slate modified to run on a 512K Macintosh. In- 
stead of an eight-foot-high stack of notebook pages, 
there w'ere note cards. It was Wildcard — now know^n 
as HyperCard — and for the next few months he 
worked feverishly to prepare a software prototype. He 
had not been unaffected by tlie troubles and intrigues 
at Apple in 1985, and he had been personally offended 
that Apple was planning to discontinue the practice of 
including MacPaint with every Macintosh. To Atkinson, 
hell is creating a product that does not ship. So by the 
time he showed the Wildcard mock-up to John Sculley 
Atkinson was fed up with Apple, about to leave. But 
Sculley was more than slightly impressed with 

“What do you want?” he asked Atkinson. 

“I want it to ship,” said Bill. 

So the agreement was made — Apple would either 
ship the program with every computer or give the pro- 
gram back to Atkinson to sell it elsewhere. Atkinson 
gathered a small team of programmers and documen- 
tation wizards to aid him and, keeping in mind the 
best of his Macintosh experience, ran his project with 
the same fanatic devotion to quality that had charac- 
terized the other project. The rest is Macintosh history. 

lightning-quick and powerful. There would 
be no keyboard or mouse — instead the 
user would control the Slate with fingers 
and a metal stylus. You would, for instance, 
turn pages by simply brushing against the 
screen in a motion that would turn a page 
in a book. To input text you would use the 
stylus, simply jotting down what you want. 

Atkinson says that he devised some revolu- 
tionary new techniques for character rec- 
ognition — when I showed him the chick- 
en-scrawl in my notebook and asked 
whether a Magic Slate could read that, he 
didn’t even blink before answering affirmatively. 

The problem with the dream was that the technol- 
ogy — flat panels, cheap memory, and such — was out 
of reach. “Needless to say. Magic Slate wasn’t the kind 
of thing that Apple could make in a couple of years,” 
says Atkinson. “And back then, Apple wasn’t into long- 
term research.” That was it for Magic Slate, but the time 
wasn’t wasted: “The way to get where you want is to 
dream it — pretend you’re living in the world where it 
could happen,” he explains. 

Still, the realization that his project wouldn’t hap- 
pen was tough on Atkinson — ”I wanted Magic Slate 
so bad I could taste it,” he says. So he experienced a 
double letdown — the death of his new idea and the 
delayed postpartum blues from the Mac. 

“It was a period of great depression,” he recalls. 
“There was a time when I couldn’t bear to sit at the 

The turning point for Bill Atkinson came one 
night when, unable to crunch the code he does so bril- 
liantly, he took a late-night stroll in the hills near his 
home. Above him was a clear sky, the ultimate bitmap, 
dotted with stars too numerous for any Mac to count. It 
was a humbling sight for one of the stars of the Mac 

Sign Inside 

The signatures of the 
original Mac team ap^ 
pear on the inside of 
the Mac's case. 

168 February 1989 


It also represented a liberation from the shadow 
of Steve Jobs. Atkinson, of course, was one of those 
whom Jobs attempted to recruit for Next, but Bill's pri- 
ority at that point was HyperCard. “It became easier 
for me to talk to Steve,” he says. “It had been like fa- 
ther and son. Or apprentice and master. When I got 
HyperCard, it was like, ‘Look, Dad, I succeeded — you 
trained me!’ ” 

At 37, Bill Atkinson is recognized as the creator of 
one of the most popular programs of all time. Yet an 
equally significant advance is the distance he has gone 
personally in the time between Macintosh and Hyper- 
Card, to which he is currently devoting a minimum of 
two years support. Part of the change is his daughter, 
four-year-old Laura; he takes fatherhood very seriously. 
And part is simple maturity, which has taught him that 
an artist need not have an “artistic temperament.” “I 
used to think the world was out to get me,” he says. 
“And now I realize the world is neutral. You can make 
what you can of it.” 

Mac the Sequel 

That may well stand as a generalization for what 
the Mac team has learned in the five years after the 
glory days petered out. I suspect we would hear simi- 
lar stories from, say, the 1984 Olympic hockey team, or 
from any group that has worked closely together for a 
common and worthy goal, and succeeded. The Mac 

team members enjoyed an extended period when 
their priorities and choices were made for them — 
their lives were centered around creating the com- 
puter for the rest of us. Now they are immersed in the 
more complicated world of making adult choices, and 
are faced with the challenge of making that achieve- 
ment something more than nostalgia. And I think that 
for the most part they are doing just fine. 

The Mac team is indeed, to use Steve Jobs’s words, 
“scattered all over the globe doing amazing stuff.” And 
perhaps most encouraging of all is a project now un- 
der way at, of all places, Apple Computer. Among the 
key team members are Mac veterans Larry Kenyon and 
Jerome Coonen — and Steve Capps, back at Apple again 
after returning from Paris and working on software 
projects like Studio Session and Sound Designer. 

Capps says that John Sculley himself got involved in re- 
recruiting him for the job. The project is a secret, but it 
must be something special because everyone who 
know^s anything about it calls it the most exciting thing 
Apple has designed since, well, the Macintosh. 

“In some ways this is a Mac-like experience,” says 
Steve Capps. He is talking about reviving the idealism, 
the energy, the fanatic devotion to detail, and the disin- 
clination to accept what others say isn’t technologically 
possible. On the other hand, he says, “We’re being 
careful not to repeat the not-so-pleasant aspects, like 
the pressure we were under.” He says that, like Macin- 
tosh, the project will be something to be proud of. 

And just as significant, he reports that between the 
members of the team a familiar electricity is being 

In other words, there is life after Macintosh. It’s 
comforting to know that as the computer has grown 
up and thrived, so have its designers. □ 

Steven Levy is a Macworld columnist and the author q/^The 
Unicorn’s Secret: Murder in the Age of Aquarius (Prentice-Hall, 
1988 ). 

5 Years ^ter 

Hands held in a classic 
Steve Jobs pose, several 
Mac team members at 
a present-day gather- 
ing pay tribute to 
Jobs's legacy: (counter- 
clockwise from the 
Mac) Larry Kenyon, 
Mike Boich, Steve 
Capps, Andy Hertzfeld, 
Brian Howard, Bud 
Tribble, Patti Kenyon, 
and Joanna Hojfman 



Recognizing text 
with a scanner and 
OCR software 

The Reading 


JL ▼ JLost people’s desks are still 
covered with paper, and the much-heralded paperless 
office continues to be an elusive goal. Optical charac- 
ter recognition (OCR), however, does offer a workable 
alternative to retyping all that information into the 
Mac. Boasting recognition rates of up to 2500 charac- 
ters per minute, OCR systems automatically convert 
hard copy into a text (ASCII) file, which can then be 
edited with word processors or imported into page- 
layout programs, forms, spreadsheets, or databases. 

To find out how accurate OCR is, I tested all eight 
OCR packages currently available for the Mac: Caere’s 
OmniPage, CI A’s TextPert, Xerox Imaging Systems’ 
MacOCR, Dest’s Publish Pac, Olduvai’s Read-It, Inova- 
tic’s ReadStar II Plus, Microtek’s MacinText, and New' 
Image Technology’s TextScan. Using both a Mac SE 
with 2.5 megabytes of RAM and a Mac II with 5MB, I 
tried to read four different kinds of documents with 
each package. The degree of accuracy depended pri- 
marily on the type and print quality of document I 

tried to read. Some OCR programs couldn’t recognize 
typeset documents or even many LaserWriter fonts. 
Other packages needed a substantial investment of 
training time before they could recognize characters. 
Finally, some OCR packages required very specific 
hardware configurations. 

Hardware Demands 

OCR programs use tw'o basic techniques to recognize 
characters. In matrix matching, also cdW^d pattern 
matching or template matching, the software isolates 
individual characters in a scanned document. A 
graphic map of each character is formed, and then it is 
compared to a reference set, or template, in the Mac s 
memory. The other meihod, feat tire extraction, uti- 
lizes a reference shape table of several thousand char- 
acter features — vertical lines, horizontal lines, loops, 
and so on — instead of a graphic map. 

Matrix matching and feature extraction aren’t mu- 
tually exclusive. In fact, many OCR programs use both 
to match characters. And it’s not unusual for a program 

by BritaMeng 

170 February 1989 

to use artificial intelligence (AI) rule-based logic in the 
process of character matching. 

OCR is very computation- and memory-intensive, 
simply because each scanned character must be com- 
pared and matched to large tables and reference sets. 
As a result, you generally get faster results with a Mac 
II than with a Mac Plus, or with a 4MB SE than with 
a 1MB SE. 

This doesn’t mean that OCR accuracy is any better 
on a Mac II. Some programs, however, do require sig- 
nificantly larger hardware investments — most notably 
OmniPage, which needs a 68020-based Mac and 4MB 
of RAM just to run. 

Scanner Considerations 

OCR software matches bitmapped (black-and- 
white) graphics with reference sets; gray-scale scans 
contain too much information for OCR software to in- 
terpret. Since all Mac scanners can scan text as line an, 
the key consideration in choosing an OCR program 
becomes whether or not the package you’re evaluating 
provides direct driver access to your particular scan- 
ner. In some cases, OCR software comes with separate 
driver files for various scanners; in others the software 
recognizes that a particular scanner driver is in the 
Mac’s System Folder. Direct access allows you to scan 
images directly into the OCR program for recognition. 

Although most packages can import TIFF files, 
doing so involves scanning pages in a separate applica- 

Macworld 171 

tion, and then saving the images. Some scanners, such 
as Hewlett-Packard’s ScanJet, use a desk accessory to 
control scanning. While this solves the problem of 
switching between applications, you must still save the 
image to import it into the OCR program. 

Three Approaches to OCR 

The fonts, font sizes, and type styles in your text — 
even the printer that printed the text — make a big dif- 
ference when you’re using OCR software. Each of the 
eight OCR packages for the Mac falls into one of three 
categories: nontrainahle, trainable, and automatic. 
These categories reflect the software’s ability to read 
different kinds of text. 


Nontrainable programs have built-in font tem- 
plates for the particular printers that they support; 
these templates define specific point sizes and pitches 
for the fonts the OCR system can read. Nontrainable 
systems are limited to those fonts and printers. Macin- 
Text, MacOCR, and Publish Pac are examples of non- 
trainable OCR software. 

Nontrainable programs are fast, and you don’t 
have to do anything to the program to get it to start 
recognizing documents. However, the software pro- 
bably won’t recognize text in a typeface that’s not 

At the very least, recognition errors cause the 
program to slow down significantly as it tries to make a 
match between its templates and your scanned text. 


With trainable programs, you build reference sets, 
templates, or type tables for the documents yourself, 
“teaching” the OCR software a particular typeface. 

The four trainable programs currently available — 
Read-lt, ReadStar II Plus, TextPert, and TextScan — 
differ in teaching methods but share the same basic 
concept. The software isolates a bitmap that it thinks is 
a character; you type the character the bitmap repre- 
sents. Essentially, you’re building a template (like those 
used by nontrainable systems) against which the OCR 
program can compare scanned text. 

Despite the shortcuts that some trainable systems 
offer (for example, TextPert allows you to base the 
type tables you create on fonts in the System file; 
Read-It comes with an assortment of type tables to get 
you started), you should start from scratch when build- 
ing a template. It may take longer, but it offers the high- 
est recognition accuracy 

The advantage of trainable systems over nontrain- 
ables is greater flexibility in what they can read — even 
typeset documents; you can customize a trainable 
OCR program for your documents, and create new 
templates at will. The disadvantage is that the training 
process can be painstakingly slow, depending on the 
quality of the original document and its fonts and 
type styles. 


OmniPage is the only automatic OCR system 
available for the Mac. As with nontrainable systems, 
you can use OmniPage right out of the box. Unlike 
nontrainable systems, however, OmniPage isn’t limited 
to certain type styles and printers — it recognizes a 
wide variety of printed text, even in one document. 
However, should you come across a type style or page 
that the automatic system can’t read, or if the system 
makes too many errors, there’s nothing you can 
do to improve accuracy. 

A Question of Accuracy 

None of the OCR programs claim a 100 percent recog- 
nition rate. Specified accuracy rates are usually about 
99.5 percent, or a little less than one wrong character 
per 100. 

There is a very important distinction to be made 
when talking about errors. A recognition ^rror occurs 
when the OCR software doesn’t recognize a character. 
The software inserts a place-holder like or to 
indicate that it doesn’t recognize the character. 

Substitution errors, which are more critical than 
recognition errors, are not included in manufacturers’ 
error rate counts. When a substitution error occurs, it’s 
not that the OCR package doesn’t recognize the char- 
acter at all; the software just misreads the character. 

As a result, you get the equivalent of a typo. 

Time To Teach Trainable OCR Systems 



Test/l. II 


1 ^ 12.11 


Test #3. II 

TetlH II 


0 20 40 60 BO 

k A, 4 A A Jl--. a iL <1 

Teaching Times 
There*s a great van- 
once in the times it 
takes to teach the four 
trainable OCR pack- 
ages using eaclj of the 
four test documents. 
Test Document #7 was 
a LaserWriter-printed 
document, Test #2 
was a copy of a five- 
page typewritten 
document, Test #3 
was a spreadsheet, 
and Test 414 was two 
Macworld pages. I 
measured the training 
times on both the SE 
and the It. 

I Reod-lt 

I ReodSlor n Phis 

I TextPwl 

I TexlScon 

172 February 1989 

Recognition Time 

Here are the times it 
took to recognize each 
of the four test docu- 
ments: a LaserWriter- 
printed document, a 
typcivritten docu- 
ment, a spreadsheet, 
and two pages from 
Macworld. The Mac- 
world pages could be 
recognized only by the 
trainable OCR 

Single-Column LaserWriter Pages 



0 60 120 180 

ReodStar II Pius 




I MocSE 

I Modi 

‘OmniPoge not tested on SL 

Multipage Typewritten Document 


0 200 400 600 800 1000 

ReodStor II Plus 


PuUish Po( 


■I MocSE IHModl 'OmniPoge not tested on SE. 

Multipage, Multicolumn Spreadsheet 


ReodStor II Plus 

Publish Poc 



Multipage, MulHcolumn/ Typeset Document 




I Modi 

* TextScon would not work for this document. 
"OmniPoge not tested on SL 

It s much more difficult to catch substitution er- 
rors. The best way is to carefully read the final dc:>cu- 
ment. You could use a spelling checker, but it can miss 
errors and isn’t much use for checking numbers 
in a spreadsheet. 

Comparing OCR Performance 

I tried out four different types of documents with each 
of the nontrainable programs. The first, Test #1, was a 
simple double-spaced LaserWriter document six pages 
long. Test #2 was a five-page typewritten law brief — 
more challenging because it was a dirty copy. Test #3 
was two pages of a three-column Microsc^ft Excel 
spreadsheet, also printed with the LaserWriter. These 
three document types comprised the complete test 
suite for the nontrainable OCR software. 

For the trainable and automatic OCR programs, I 
added a fourth test — two pages from Macworld, type- 
set in Garamond typeface — to the previous three tests. 
Garamond was not a typeface supported by nontrain- 
able software, so Test #4 would have been infeasible 
with those programs. Each of the trainable programs 
as taught with the same training documents (six pages 
for Test #1, three for Test #2, two for Test #3, and 
three for Test #4). There was no need to train 


Microtek’s MacinText is the least expensive OCR 
program, and you certainly get w'hat you pay for. While 
the software provides a wealth of ways to scan and .set 
up a document, its recognition capabilities fall far 
short of the other nontrainable packages, except for 
use with very simple pages. 

Even though MacinText works directly with only 
Microtek scanners, you can import TIFF files from 
other scanners into the program. You can set a scan’s 
brightness and contrast, and use the prescan feature to 
set the overall scan area, define OCR text areas, even 
mask images and graphics on a page. However, you 
can’t resize these windows once you define them. The 
program’s filter, a feature designed to eliminate extra- 
neous information, doesn’t seem to help MacinText 
deal with scans resulting from dirty pages. Nor can 
MacinText handle underlined text in any form. 

Options in the program let it recognize mono- 
spaced or proportionally spaced typewritten text, as 
well as multiple type sizes on a page (see “Macin- 
Text”). A menu selection called Vertical Format is sup- 
posed to maintain the line spacing of the original 
document in the recognized text file, but it didn’t work 
very well — in fact, line spacing was more consistent 
without vertical format selected. 

FinalK; MacinText exhibits another .strange quirk 
after you .save a text file. For some rea.son, the .saved 
file remains open and untitled on the de.sktop. 

Macworld 173 


Xerox Imaging Systems’ (formerly Datacopy) Mac- 
OCR functions only with Xerox Imaging scanners, but 
can import image files from other scanners in a wide 
variety of formats. 

Unlike Publish Pac and MacinText, MacOCR re- 
quires that you manually load the fonts needed for 
page recognition. Luckily, the manual contains sample 
printouts of the typefaces MacOCR supports, to help 
you make the match. 

You can clean up dirty scans with the program’s 
Zoom Edit feature, which works much like MacPaint’s 
Fatbits. While the zoom is valuable, it would be better 
if weren’t quite .so close up; it’s difficult to scroll 
through a full-page scan looking for stray bits. 

MacOCR lets you frame text to read across multi- 
ple scans (see “MacOCR”). The variety of file formats 
to save to is very extensive: MacWrite, Microsoft Word, 
text with carriage returns, text with carriage returns 
and line feeds, and unformatted text. 1 did encounter 
some sporadic line spacing problems, primarily in the 
form of extra carriage returns in the resulting text file. 
But the biggest problem I encountered with MacOCR 
was that, for some unknown reason, it completely 
skipped several lines in my spreadsheet test 
during recognition. 

Publish Pac 

Dest s nontrainable Publish Pac works very well 
on documents typed or printed with its specified type 
styles. Publish Pac works best on single-column docu- 
ments, since it can scan and recognize only one text 
area at a time (see “Publish Pac”). The program han- 
dles underlined text impressively and has a nice tab- 
bing feature. Other text formatting features include 
the ability to preserve margins, paragraph breaks, and 
page breaks. Unfortunately, Publish Pac operates only 
in conjunction with OCR hardware in one of Dest 's 
own scanners. Therefore, unless the scanner was 
hooked up to m\' Mac, I wasn’t able to import TIFF 
files into Publish Pac for recognition. 

There are several zoom options, which help you 
to position the text window, but I found image scroll- 
ing and changing zoom views very slow on the SE. 

Publish Pac lets you Scan Text — recognize text in 
one step — or Convert to Text — scan an image, then 
read it in a separate step. Convert to Text lets you clean 
up dirty scans with an eraser tool. The two-step pro- 
cess took 1 minute 57 seconds, while the total time for 
a text scan was only 51 seconds. 


Olduvai’s Read-It is the first OCR program capable 
of background recognition with MultiFinder. Read-It 
can handle all types of text — as long as you take the 
time to teach it the typefaces. The only kind of text it 
couldn’t recognize during my testing was underlined 
typewritten text, where the underscores are not joined 
to the characters. 

Read-It takes longer to recognize text than other 
programs. This is primarily because the program does 

a lot of prerecognition analysis — isolating lines, isolat- 
ing characters, checking for kerning and monospaced 
characters, averaging character sizes — before any rec- 
ognition can take place. And the program has to go 
through this process for each text area. It took Read-It 
five minutes to analyze some text, but only four min- 
utes to do the actual bitmap matching. 

Before you can teach the program a typeface, you 
must set the parameters (monospaced, kerned, liga- 
tures, and so on) of the page, as well as its line spacing. 
Otherwise, Read-It will not accurately perform its 
character segmentation tasks. 


MacinText works best 
with relatively simple 
pages and plain text 
(no italics, under- 
scoring, or the like). 
Shown at left is the 
untouched file. 

MacOCR can read 
o?dy one selected 
frame at a time. Multi- 
ple columns must be 
recognized separately. 

Publish Pac 
You can select the 
scanned image area 
with a preview/pre- 
scan featttre. 

174 Februarv 1989 

Read-It has three training modes: Learn, Learn 
and Recognize, and Easy-Learn. Learn takes the long- 
est (see “Read-lt”)- Learn and Recognize asks you to 
identify only those characters that Read-It can’t recog- 
nize within user-definable matching tolerances. Easy- 
Learn requires that you have a Mac text file that exactly 
duplicates the text of the scanned page (preferably one 
with all alphabetical characters on it). Read-lt then sets 
up the type table using the character file. 

You can frame several sections of text with resiz- 
able window's. Unfortunately, these text windows can’t 
be moved. If you have multipage documents, you can 

Error Count 
Shown here is the aver- 
age number of errors 
detected after scan- 
ning each of the four 
test documents four 
times. A recognition 
error occurs when a 
program fails to iden- 
tify a character A sub- 
stitution error occurs 
when a character is 

OCR Errors, Test #1 


0 2 

MocmTexl 0 
MocOCR ■ 0.5 

OmniPage ■■ 1.0 

Publish Po( 10.5 


ReodStor II Phis | 
lextPeft I 


6 B 

1 7i 

I Hi 

I Unknown errors 

I Substitution errors 

OCR Errors, Test #2 







ReodStor II Plus 




0 20 40 60 80 100 120 

OCR Errors, Test #3 


Publish Poc 

RedStor II Plus 



I Unknown errors 

I Substitution errors 

OCR Errors, Test #4 


20 40 

*^ *^ ^ *^ 

60 80 100 
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ - 


140 160 

Reod-lt I 

ReodStor II Plus | 
TextPert | 



I Unknown errors 

I Substitution errors 

save the positions of these windcws in a selection tem- 
plate. To read multipage documents, which is only pos- 
sible with saved image files on disk, you use the pro- 
gram’s batch recognition capability. 

I prefer a progressive training process; start wath a 
short Learn session and then move to Recognize and 
Learn mode. You’ll get the best results if you train for 
each typeface and font (italics, bold, and so on) sep- 
arately, then load all of them for recognition. A very 
nice feature for fine-tuning lets you examine and edit 
Read-It’s type tables to correct any mistakes made 
during training. 

I noticed the response time of the program dur- 
ing training slowed noticeably as the type table 
grew' — especially on the SE. Image scrolling while 
framing text was also much faster on the Mac II. 

ReadStar II Plus 

Inovatic’s ReadStar II Plus is a fast-learning train- 
able OCR program. It’s also the only copy-protected 
OCR program for the Mac. As far as recognition goes, 
ReadStar opts for the unrecognizable-character 
marker w'henever it’s unsure about a letter; thus, the 
program generates very few substitution errors in 
text files. 

Training is accomplished in the program's Learn- 
ing mode. This goes very quickly because ReadStar II 
Plus keeps recognizing characters while it’s learning. 
You can actually see the rate of recognition climb as 
you teach the program more letters. 

Although you can correct a typing mistake in the 
midst of the training session, ReadStar reflects the 
correction only when you start reading another 

The program provides image zoom capabilities, 
multiple text-window selection, and a wonderful 
eraser for working with dirty documents (see “Read- 
Star 11 Plus”). But be careful: the eraser has no Undo 
command. Should you delete part of a character by 
mistake, you can either skip over it during training or 
rescan the page and start over. 

ReadStar recognizes text in the order in which 
you position the text windows. They cannot be resized 
and moved about once you’ve positioned them, but 
they can be independently deleted. These windows 
can carryover across pages for scanning similarly for- 
matted multipage documents. 

Characters can be recognized in two w'ays. Auto- 
matic mode lets ReadStar recognize as best it can 
without your help. In Interactive mcjde, the program 
asks you to identify characters it can’t match. 

I had some problems with text formatting. De- 
.selecting the wwd wrap (unjustified format) option 
kept the original document’s format, with carriage re- 
turns after every line. But during recognition, the for- 
matting occasionally .switched from carriage returns 

.Vlac\\^orld 175 

Setting Up for OCR 

MacinText MacOCR Publish Pac Read-It ReadStar II TextPert 





Xero.x Imaging 





New Image 









Required Hardware 

Minimum Mac 

Mac Plus 

Mac Plus 

iMac Plus 

Mac Plus 

Mac SE 

Mac Plus 

Mac Plus 

Recommended memory 








Suggested memory size for 









Built-In Scanner Drivers 













i • 









New Image Technology 






Abaton 300 SF 

Abaton SCSI, 


Truvel, Sharp 





Digital Systems 

QMS. Sharp 

• Or Mac SE equipped with 68020 accelerator board. 

2 Separate version of Read-It forThunderScan available for $149. 

to word wrap in the middle of a document. And I 
couldn’t get the program to save any changes I’d made 
while I was working in its internal editor. 


CTA’s TextPert was the most flexible program I 
found for setting up a page for recognition. This train- 
able program can define text windows on its own, or 
you can define them manually. You can select text in 
multiple windows, which can be resized and moved 
around. You delete individual windows simply by acti- 
vating them and then hitting the Backspace key. Tabs 
in text areas can also be manually defined, which is 
handy for spreadsheet recognition and formatting. 

Rather than opting for the “first window placed, 
first text recognized” approach, TextPert lets you 
change the order in which it reads the text. In addi- 

tion, you can change the output formal from text win- 
dow to text window (see “TextPert”). Both output 
specifications and text windows remain the same from 
one scan to another. Like ReadStar, TextPert keeps rec- 
ognizing characters it knows while you’re teaching it. 
But unlike ReadStar, it is fairly liberal in matching char- 
acters. The only thing TextPert doesn’t do is maintain 
exact original spacing and indentation. 

In its regular Teach mode, TextPert doesn’t stop 
to let you correct mistakes. To keep the program from 
running rampant trying to match characters it can’t 
recognize, you can use the Complete mode, which 
forces the program to stop whenever it encounters 
user-specified characters. 

You can activate tw^o windows in addition to the 
recognized text window, during the program's recog- 
nition process. The document window holds the en- 
tire document image, while the View window shows 
how TbxtPert is segmenting characters. 




Mac II' 

176 February 1989 


The Learn mode asks 
you to identify evety 
character in the se- 
lected text, making 
that mode useful for 
limited scans only. The 
Recognize and Learn 
mode lets you see the 
program *s progress by 
displaying recognized 
text during teaching. 

ReadStarll Plus 

All image manipula- 
tion is done with the 
program's tool box; the 
Zoom window ap- 
pears when you select 
the Frame Text icon. 
The statistical infor- 
mation is extremely 
useful for fine-tuning 
font templates and 
checking for recogni- 
tion accurac}\ 


You can ask the pro- 
gram to insert a re- 
turn or another char- 
acter after every line, 
a return or another 
character after a spe- 
cific window area, or 
a character at the start 
of an area. 


liecause character ta- 
bles are included with 
the program, it won't 
twcessarily ask you to 
identify every letter in 
a text. However, when 
characters get blurred 
because of scanning 
(as happetwd here), 
you'll have to help 
7extSca?i out. 

’’ * File Edit 

Recognized o$: |p | 0 of 0 Errors: * 
p g S Descender 0 Large Chr □ Short Chr [ Skip Chr ] [ Add ] 


Halftone A m - 

fjjjrinting press 
ink only, can i 
made up of 


4 File Edit Search Options Scanner 

ReodStor Statistics 

Time scanning 


Time recognition 


Number of characters 

Recognized at 


Total characters read 


Recognized at 


Models learned 


Characters learned 

• X 

01 :;< > ABCD F HI r 


abcdefghl jklmnopqrstuvwxy 

4 File Edit Reading Templates Font Scanner 

inned Image 

Reading area 1 


®TeKt O Inuerted tent 
O Headline O Inuerted headline 

Character at end of line: | | 

Character at start of area: | | 

Character at end of area: □ 

0 Return at end of each line 
0 Return at end of each area 

[ Cancel ) [ OK 


1 «*» 












1 S 



— ilSi ... 

nio lidil Scan Read 





f 8 

rising Th« 10 


Uhen a scanner scans o cJocuMnl? it 

croalos a biUopptd looge Vour Hoc 

3 - 

4 - 

5 - 

6 — 

iii III 
lilll ill 

display t^tos• Inogas of taxt and 
grophics? but It can. t r«cogniz« 
text os a 1 phonunar 1 c choroctors To 
It? sconnad taxt Is Just onothar 
graph I c — os 1 f you 

usod a paint progroa to droa a pictura 
that hopponod to look like the letter 
. fi 

7 - 

8 - 

1>ie first step in OCR is ecchorocter 
segeentotion))? separating charocters 
froe neigrboring charocters in the 
inoge. Only then con the second step? 
chorocter identi fication start. 

9 - 


In Matrix notching? OCR softeare 
looks at the Isolated bltnop os a 
ehoie. It then searches through the 

1 1 ' 

I found that the speed of the program did slow 
from 1 minute 29 seconds to 1 minute 44 seconds in 
Test #1 when both windows were open. However, the 
document image window is especially useful during 
the teaching process because it lets you see the con- 
text of the character bitmap being questioned by 
TextPert — thus eliminating any confusion between 
upper and lowercase letters that tend to look the 
same in bitmap form (for example, s and S). 


New Image Technology’s TextScan wins the prize 
for the friendliest icon, but it’s definitely not the 
friendliest OCR software. 

The only control you have over scan quality is to 
select a menu option for Normal, Dark, or Light. Unfor- 
tunately, there are no contrast settings. You can resize 
the scanning window, but there’s no prescan feature. 
And the program’s lack of a zoom facility hampered 
my ability to check scans. 

You select the text to be read with a resizable, 
movable window, several of which can be positioned 
for multicolumn documents. TextScan doesn’t main- 
tain these text frames for different scans, and deleting 
one frame can only be accomplished by deleting all 
the frames you’ve created. 

TextScan has two read modes. In Noisy mode, the 
program asks you to identify any unknown characters 
as soon as it comes across them (see “TextScan”). In 
Quiet mode, TextScan recognizes characters the best it 
can. In Noisy mode, because the program is reading 
tw'o lines ahead of what you see in the text window, it 
can be difficult to identify upknown characters by con- 
text. Strangely, both read modes use the same key- 
board command. After reading text in either mode, 
you have the chance to correct errors. 

TextScan can handle ligatures and proportionally 
spaced type, but due to a program memory-handling 
bug, I wasn’t able to get it to read pages from Alac- 
world. In addition, version 1.3 of TextScan failed my 
spreadsheet test miserably, adding in extra spaces at 
random between numbers. According to New Image 
Technology, version 2.0 corrects these memory and 
spacing problems. 

The program did reasonably well at reading plain 
text and underlined characters. And for the most part, 
errors were consistent across documents, making cor- 
rections easier within TextScan. But because you 
should correct errors immediately after the recogni- 
tion process to achieve low error rates, TextScan re- 
quires more user interaction to work. 


If you want a combination of immediate use and 
recognition flexibility, Caere’s easy-to-use OmniPage 
may be your best bet. However, it isn’t perfect, espe- 
cially when automatically identifying text areas. 

Maavorld 177 

OCR Software Compared 







MacOCR Publish Pac 

Xerox Imaging Oesi 



ReadStar II 





TextScan OnmiPage 

New Image 


Recognizable Character 

Scanner Controls 




Select text areas to scan 
Mask graphics/image areas 

Eraser/Fat-Bit editing 

Import File Formats 




Output File Formats 

Text (ASCII) 

Microsoft Word 
Tab format 

Built-in Text Editor 
Halftone Image Scanning 












1 depends on 





depends on 






depends on 























bitmap, Foto 








FAX stf 



















depends on 





‘UserVt’riicr Courier Tide in 10-18 ix)ini. 

-Only in version 2.0. 

Mciivaied lx settings Low Quality, Medium Qualit\; I ligh Quality. 

•TIFF image dies can lx; opened only if Dest scanner is attached to the Mac. 


February 1989 

It's easy to get up and 
running. The program 
essentially makes two 
passes during the rec- 
ognition phase, first 
isolating text blocks 
(left) and then doing 
the actual reading. 

Once a scan is completed, OmniPage strips out all 
of the graphic elements on a page and outlines what it 
thinks are text blocks. The recognized text then ap- 
pears in the program s text editor (see “OmniPage"). 

No cut-and-paste options are available in the edi- 
tor while it is in MacWrite format. Howe\'er, OmniPage 
will retain formatting information such as underlining 
and margins. Cut-and-paste functions do work if you 
recognize text as simple ASCII characters, but then 
OmniPage retains no formatting information. Another 
formatting option (not mentioned in the rather sparse 
manual) is an Excel-compatible file. That format recog- 
nizes spaces as tabs, so you can import recognized text 
into a spreadsheet. 

OmniPage recognizes pages of all shapes and 
type of all sizes without problems. You can assign the 
order in which OmniPage reads multiple text blocks, 
as well as manually select areas to read. 

One thing you can’t adjust is how OmniPage iden- 
tifies blocks of text. For example, the program some- 
times frames a section of one column as part of the ad- 
jacent column. As a result, .some lines from the first 
column wind up in the second column instead of 
where they belong. To correct the problem you must 
restart the recognition for that particular page. 

The impre.ssive thing about OmniPage is its 
remarkable skew tolerance. Even a page scanned at 
a 30-degree angle is recognized reasonably well. 

No other OCR program offers such dramatic 
skew tolerance. 

Sound Advice 

The performance of OCR programs is determined by 
many factors, most of which you can control. 

' w File Edit TeHt Image Zoom Personalize Defaults 

■ Do your documents come in all shapes, sizes, 
and varieties of type styles? You should consider a 
trainable or automatic system. On the other hand, if 
your pages are primarily typewritten, you can proba- 
bly get by with a less-expensive nontrainable package. 

■ If you will be scanning complex pages, you 
might look for a prescan feature to help you set up a 
document before the recognition scan. It’s also nice to 
be able to check the placement and skew of the page 
prior to the recognition process. 

While all OCR software lets you select scanning 
dimensions for an original page, only some save scan- 
ning time by letting you isolate scans to text areas on 
the page. 

■ Different OCR packages handle mixtures of text 
and graphics on a page differently. You can usually se- 
lect noncontinuous text (like columns) by framing dif- 
ferent areas of text in a document separately. This can 
get tiring when pages have multiple graphics scattered 

Several packages let you scan halftone images 
with the same scanner driver used for OCR line-art 
scans. This is nice if you dislike switching back and 
forth between applications. 

■ All OCR programs produce text files. The ques- 
tion is, how much reformatting do you want to do to 
that file once you import it into a word processor. Om- 
niPage does retain bold and underline type charac- 
teristics in its MacWrite format, but other programs 
offering Word or MacWrite formats just save files as 
text-only files for those word processors. 

Only OmniPage, TextPert, and Publish Pac read 
spreadsheets with tabs. Other programs may retain 
column and row formats, but as spaces, not tabs. 

Overall, OmniPage impressed me because it han- 
dled almost everything I threw^ at it with aplomb. How- 
ever, its hardware requirements certainly put it in a 
higher price range. As far as nontrainable packages go, 
1 was most pleased with Publish Pac, although its text 
.selection capabilities limit its utility for complex 
pages, and it only works with Dest scanners. MacOCR 
has much broader image-import facilities. 

My choice for trainable OCR was a be- 
tw^een three programs. TextPert is slower at recogniz- 
ing, but faster to train, than Read-It. In addition, 
TextPert’s text-selection capabilities are extensive. 
ReadStar II Plus was quick to train and quick at recog- 
nizing, but the program’s nonworking Save Text com- 
mand only saves In ASCII format. On the other hand, 
Read-It gets the job done for a lot less money 

Due to errors in the scanning and recognition and inherent limitations in OCR techniques, 
you just won’t get 100 percent accuracy with any of 
these programs. So, although OCR can save you time, 
don’t forget to keep those typing fingers limber. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Macworld 179 

The Big Match: 
Illustrator 88 

by Erfert Fenton 

t’s the day of the big 

match. You’ve got a special project to do. 
You need a PostScript graphics program. 
Which of the heavyweights do you choose 
— Adobe Illustrator 88 or Aldus FreeHand? 
The pat answer is: Buy both, because each 
program excels in certain areas. Besides 
being a cop-out, this answer doesn’t do 
you much good if you don’t have the requi- 
site $700 or $800 to buy both programs. It’s 
like a pro wrestling referee declaring, 

“Well, Hulk Hogan excels at piledrivers, but 
Andre the Giant is better at body slams.” 
Who cares? You want to know who’s going 
to wear the big gold belt with all the 

It’s true, each program does have dif- 
ferent strengths. Depending on the kind of 
illustration or design you do, one of the 
programs may better serve your needs. 

180 February 1989 

vs. FreeHand 

Which PostScript 
graphics program 
should you buy? 

The following observations should clarify 
each program’s strengths and deficiencies, 
helping you to decide which is right for you 
(for individual reviews of each program, 
see “A Big Hand for FreeHand,” Macworld, 
July 1988, and ‘‘Illustrator: This Year’s Mod- 
el,” Macworld, October 1988). But in the 
end someone has to make a call. Rest as- 
sured, at the end of this article only one 
program will be awarded the gold belt. 

To help me make the big calls, I relied 
on two referees: Simon Tuckett of Graphi- 
Comp Design in Toronto, and David Smith 
of David Smith Design in Sausalito, Califor- 
nia. Each is a professional artist who has 
worked extensively with both programs. 
For this article, Tuckett concentrated on 
FreeHand and Smith worked with Illustra- 
tor 88. Each artist shared his insights on 
what types of tasks each program is best 

Macworld 181 


for. Of course, as head referee I had to 
make the final calls. I take full respon- 
sibility for what has happened here today. 

The Overall View 

Before every pro match-up you need 
some perspective (no pun intended). 
Sometimes they call it pregame hype. We’ll 
avoid the hype, but here’s the big picture 
to help you put these two PostScript heavy- 
weights into context. 

The way a program approaches a task 
is as important as the tools it provides. In 
this case the task is drawing, and each pro- 
gram offers its own digital metaphor for an 
artist’s studio. In FreeHand, for example, 
you set up a style sheet for each drawing, 
naming line styles and weights, colors, and 
so on. FreeHand provides control over an 


1 Selection 


1 Selection 


Move page 















Auto trace 
































Scissors (cut poth) 


! ! 

Ruler I 


Page boundary 

Illustrator 88 
Figure 1 

The tool menus for Illustrator 88 and FreeHand 
are quite similar, with the notable exceptions of 
Illustrator's autotrace and blend tools and Free- 
Hand's multiple drawing tools. 

entire layout: features such as multiple lay- 
ers, a cursor position readout, an Align Ele- 
ments command, and a snap-to grid are 
reminiscent of drawing or CAD programs, 
giving you precise control over object 
placement. Illustrator 88 focuses on draw- 
ing precision rather than on overall layout. 
Many artists find Illustrator s pen and free- 
hand tools more fluid than FreeHand’s 
drawing tools, allowing a greater degree of 
control when drawing complex shapes. 

Not just TUckett and Smith, but many 
other artists I’ve talked with, concur that 
Illustrator is a superior tool for intricate 
drawings or tracings that require minute 
control over drawing and editing bezier 
curves. Says Smith, “If you’re comparing 
the two as drawing programs. Illustrator 
wins hands-down; it wins in control, so- 
pjiistication, and the intuitive way it draws.” 
But drawing isn’t everything. TUckett ob- 
serves, “For a more artistic type of drawing 
I’d choose Illustrator, but I use FreeHand if 
I need to create a highly structured image, 
such as an advertisement, where I have to 
shuffle many elements up and down 
through particular layers, align parts of the 
drawing, and perhaps incorporate text.” 

In addition to differing design phi- 
losophies, each program offers unique 
features. For example, FreeHand’s text- 
manipulation capabilities outshine those of 
Illustrator, allowing designers to incorpo- 
rate text and graphics in a single applica- 
tion, rather than pasting an illustration into 
a page-layout program. But while Illustra- 
tor is weak in the text department, it sur- 
passes FreeHand in other areas. For exam- 
ple, Illustrator’s inclusion of Pantone 
Matching System colors takes the guess- 
work out of matching on-screen colors to 
printed results. 

To get a better idea of each program’s 
strengths, let’s look at several basic areas 
and see how each program performs. The 
match will take place over four rounds: 
tools, text, color, and miscellaneous fea- 
tures. Here are the rules: Each ref keeps an 
eye on one of the competitors. I keep an 
eye on the refs and give you the play-by- 
piay. Then I call the round. 

Round 1: Tools 

Both programs share many basic drawing 
and shape-manipulation tools. Figure 1 
gives a rundown of the two programs’ tool 
palettes. The operation of some tools var- 
ies from one program to the other, and Il- 
lustrator has several tools that FreeHand 
doesn’t offer. 

Illustrator 88 

Like FreeHand, Illustrator lets you im- 
port bitmapped or PICT images as tem- 
plates for tracing. Illustrator offers an add- 
ed bonus, a utility called DrawOver that 
converts MacDraw files to Illustrator for- 
mat. You can also place TIFF images into an 
Illustrator drawing, a feature not found in 

As I mentioned earlier, many artists 
consider Illustrator better for precision 
drawing. A subtle but noticeable difference 
in feedback from the pen and freehand 
tools gives Illustrator an edge. In addition, 
many people find Illustrator’s single-pen 
tool easier to master and more Intuitive to 
draw with than FreeHand’s four basic 
drawing tools: curve, corner, connector, 
and combination. 

Illustrator lets you adjust the sensi- 
tivity of its freehand tool, as well as back 
up and erase a section while you’re draw- 
ing — both pluses over FreeHand’s compa- 
rable tool. 

Illustrator has two tools not found in 
FreeHand: the autotrace tool and the blend 
tool. The autotrace tool automatically 
traces template paths, saving you the time 
and tedium of tracing intricate shapes by 
hand. You can autotrace an entire template 
(if the number of points doesn’t cause an 
out-of-memory error) or select two points 
and autotrace between them. Keep in 
mind that autotraced paths usually need to 
be touched up, but even so this tool can be 
a real time-saver. 

Illustrator’s blend tool lets you set up 
to 1008 increments between one shape or 
color and another, providing smooth tran- 
sitions between objects. You provide the 
first and the final shape or color, specify 
the number of steps between them, and 
the program calculates the intermediate 
steps. The tool won’t create a smooth blend 
between two vastly different shapes, of 
course, but it can create impressive effects 
at the click of a button. 

Another point in Illustrator’s favor is 
that it enables you to create fill patterns by 

182 February 1989 

drawing them on screen. Although you can 
create patterns in FreeHand, you must 
write a PostScript routine to do so. 


FreeHand also lets you paste in bit- 
mapped or PICT images to be traced as 
templates. Unlike Illustrator, FreeHand lets 
you edit a template — you can resize, rotate, 
or skew the image before tracing it. And al- 
though Illustrator won’t open FreeHand 
documents, FreeHand can open Illustrator 
1.1 documents and convert them into Free- 
Hand format. 

Unlike Illustrator, FreeHand lets you 
draw in Preview mode, seeing colors, line 
weights, and fills as you draw. Although 
this capability isn’t practical for large draw- 
ings — where the screen redraw rate slows 
considerably — Tuckett finds the Preview 
mode handy for sketching out designs 
in color before starting on the actual 

Although FreeHand’s four drawing 
tools might be more difficult to master 
than Illustrator’s single pen, they offer one 
distinct advantage. The curve, corner, and 
connector tools each lay down a different 
type of point indicated with a different 
symbol: a circle for the curve tool, a square 
for the corner tool, and a triangle for the 
connector. Unlike Illustrator, FreeHand lets 
you click on a point once a path is drawn 
and change the point’s type, offering more 
flexibility in editing a shape or a path. 
While the sight of multiple tools in the tool 
palette may be initially confusing for be- 
ginners, keep in mind that the combina- 
tion tool lets you combine curves and cor- 
ners when drawing a shape. 

FreeHand’s shape tools operate in the 
traditional Mac way — you grab a handle 
and drag it to resize a rectangle or an oval. 
In Illustrator, you must select the scaling 
tool to resize a shape. Those accustomed 
to MacDraw or a similar Macintosh draw- 
ing program will find FreeHand’s shape 
tools familiar and easy to learn. In addi- 
tion, you can double-click on a FreeHand 
shape and view' a dialog box that lets you 
type in new^ values to edit the object’s 
shape, size, and screen position. 

FreeHand’s eight levels of Undo en- 
hance its flexibility as a design tool. You 
can implement several steps of a design 

idea, view the drawing or print a proof, and 
backtrack if you don’t like the results. 

Drawing Comparison 

To compare the two programs’ draw- 
ing capabilities, I had each artist trace a 
map of the United States from the same 
MacPaint image (see Figure 2). In this test, I 
wanted to compare not only the precision 
of each program’s drawing tools, but also 
to see if Illustrator’s autotrace feature saved 
a substantial amount of time when tracing a 
complex shape. I asked the artists to print 
the map at a certain size, with a 1-point- 
wide outline and a 50 percent gray drop- 

I asked each artist to time himself on 
the map. To my surprise, even with Illustra- 
tor’s autotrace tool, it took Smith almost 

twice as long as Tuckett to complete the 
map. Although it took him only four and a 
half minutes to autotrace the countr\'’s out- 
line and all of the states. Smith — a con- 
fessed perfectionist — used a combination 
of tools to touch up or redraw most of the 
states, taking a grand total of one hour and 
ten minutes to recreate the map. For exam- 
ple, if a state was made up of straight lines. 
Smith deleted the autotraced state and 
used the pen tool, since the autotrace tool 
often adds unnecessary control points or 
crooked patches to straight lines. For a 
state like California, which is made up of 
straight and crooked lines, he drew^ the 
outline by pressing the Control key to 
switch between the freehand tool and the 
pen. So that you can see how much detail 
was captured by the autotrace tool. Figure 

Figure 2 

Tivo artists employed a combination of tools to 
draw these maps from an identical template: 
David Smith used the autotrace, pen, and free- 
hand tools for the Illustrator 88 version, while 
Simon Tlickett used the freehand and combi- 
nation drawing tools for the FreeHand drawing. 
Although autotrace helped rough out the map. 
Smith found himself redrawing many states to 
unprove the level of detail. The untouched auto- 
traced map is shown for comparison. 



2 shows the raw, autotraced map alongside 
Smith s final version. 

Tuckett set up a FreeHand style sheet 
for his map, with one name for the US. out- 
line and another for the states’ outlines. If 
I’d changed my mind and asked him to 
draw the states’ outlines with dotted lines, 
for example, he could have done it in a 
flash by opening his States definition and 
changing the line style. Despite FreeHand’s 
lack of an autotrace tool, Tlickett took just 
36 minutes, using the combination tool 
(straight lines and curves) and occasionally 
the freehand tool, to complete his map. 

The Call 

Illustrator’s autotrace tool can do 
some of the dirty work in tracing an image, 
but depending on your standards and the 

Illustrator 88 


Illustrator 88 lets you apply special effects such 
as inline (the narrow black line), outline, and 
fills to text, while FreeHand concentrates on fea- 
tures such as precise control over letter spacing 
and the ability to attach text to a path. 

level of detail you need, you may spend 
considerable time touching up an auto- 
traced image. Illustrator s pen tool and 
freehand tool offer more precise control 
than FreeHand’s drawing tools, making 
Illustrator a better choice for intricate 

FreeHand s drawing tools lack the fi- 
nesse of Illustrator’s, but facilitate editing a 
path by allowing you to change a point’s 
type. FreeHand’s style-sheet approach 
makes it easy to specify global changes in 
line style or other drawing attributes. 

Round 2: Text 

For this exercise, I had each artist create a 
drawing that would show* off his assigned 


S«T»R*A»1*G»H*T L*I*N*E 

A*N*D T*H*E 


program’s text-handling capabilities (see 
Figure 3). 

Illustrator 88 

Unlike FreeHand, Illustrator lets you 
type text and then change its stroke width 
and fill pattern, making possible an almost 
unlimited variety of effects. Smith’s decora- 
tive drop cap combines an O from Adobe’s 
Bodoni Foster font with a background pat- 
tern. To create the inline effect, Smith first 
typed a 400-point O and assigned it a 24- 
point stroke in black. He then copied the 
letter and used the Paste in Front command 
to place the copy directly on top of the 
original O. He then assigned the copy an 
Il-point white stroke, then copied that ver- 
sion and selected Paste in Front. He then 
assigned the topmost letter a 5 percent fill 
and a 2.5-point black stroke. Finally, he ap- 
plied a tiled pattern he’d created earlier to 
the background square. 

In addition to modifying typed letters, 
with Illustrator you can apply effects to the 
letter outlines provided with Adobe’s Col- 
lector’s Edition, a collection of clip art in 
Illustrator format ($149). 


FreeHand, too, excels at text manipu- 
lation, but in a different way than Illustrator 
does. While Illustrator lets you apply 
graphic effects to text, FreeHand concen- 
trates on typographic features such as 
word spacing, letter spacing, and type 
styles. For example, unlike Illustrator, 
which provides only tracking (adding or 
subtracting space betw^een all the letters in 
a word or a line of text), FreeHand offers 
precise kerning (adding or subtracting 
space between individual letters in a w^ord) 
in increments as fine as 0.01 em. 

In addition, FreeHand lets you mix 
fonts, sizes, and styles (italic, boid, and so 
on) in a single block of text, allowing you 
to incorporate type into a design without 
entering a word processor or page-layout 
program. If you design ads, brochures, or 
other layouts that incorporate type and 
graphics, and you want to create the graph- 
ics and text in a single application, you'll 
want to seriously consider FreeHand. 

An additional text feature lets you 
place a line of text on a path of any shape. 
While not all designers will find this capa- 
bility essential, it’s handy for maps, logos, 
and other applications where text must fol- 
low' a shape or curve. Tuckett’s example in 
Figure 3 employs FreeHand’s text-on-a-path 
feature. To create the logo, Tuckett used the 

Fcbmary 1989 

Times font, kerning character pairs when 
necessary. He set the bullets between the 
letters in bold, and the letters themselves 
in the plain (or roman) style — a feat that 
couldn’t be accomplished in Illustrator. He 
scaled each line of type to fill the column 
width, and attached the w^ord curve to an 
arched path above the circle. 

The Call 

FreeHand wins in the text-control cat- 
egory. It offers kerning, mixed fonts and 
styles in a block of text, and text on a path. 

Illustrator falls behind in treating text 
as text, but it does allow you to apply 
graphic effects to text with features such as 
Paste in Front and the ability to alter a char- 
acter’s stroke and fill. 

tions that don't share a common color. To 
guard against this, you can create a trap by 
adding a thin stroke around one of the ad- 
joining objects, filling it with an appropri- 
ate color, and clicking the Overprint option 
in Illustrator’s Paint dialog box. 


Since FreeHand doesn’t include PMS 
colors, you must create your own color li- 
brary for a drawing or use the color chart 
and on-disk color library that accompany 
the program. Unfortunately FreeHand pro- 
vides percentages of cyan, magenta, yellow, 
and black for only 150 colors, and there’s 
no guarantee that you’ll find a good match. 

To apply colors to his rendition of the 
flag, Tuckett first consulted his printer’s col- 

or chart in order to match the colors of the 
original flag. He then set up a new color in 
FreeHand’s Color dialog box and selected 
Process Color from the menu. He keyed in 
the percentages of cyan, magenta, yellow, 
and black from his printer’s chart and 
named the color, which then became part 
of that document’s color library Tuckett re- 
peated this procedure for each color in the 
flag. FreeHand creates color separations 
from within the program, rather than with 
a separate utility. 

Although it’s harder to predict printed 
results with FreeHand’s color assignment 
scheme than with Illustrator’s PMS colors, 
FreeHand’s approach does have an advan- 
tage. Let’s say you’ve set up a custom color 
library for a document, naming one of the 

Round 3: Color 

For this test, I asked each artist to duplicate 
a picture of the Arizona state flag, w^hich is 
made up of four colors: dark blue, brown, 
red, and yellow (see Figure 4). The illustra- 
tion itself was simple; what we wanted to 
show here was how each program deals 
with assigning colors and creating color 

Illustrator 88 


Illustrator 88 

Illustrator definitely has the advantage 
when it comes to assigning colors, since 
the creators of the program licensed the 
Pantone Matching System (PMS), a stan- 
dard set of more than 700 colors that is 
widely used by graphic artists. In addition. 
Illustrator improves the correspondence 
between screen and printed colors with a 
utility that lets you adjust your monitor’s 
colors (screen and printer colors rarely 
match even with this aid, however). 

For his version of the flag. Smith used 
a star from Adobe’s Collector’s Edition, 
adding the rays with the pen tool. He then 
consulted his Pantone color-sample book, 
found matches for the colors on the origi- 
nal flag, and typed the numeric values into 
his document. He didn’t bother to preview 
the flag, since the illuminated colors on the 
screen won’t match the reflective colors of 
the ink. He then converted the drawing to 
negatives, with the Adobe Separator utility, 
which accompanies Illustrator. 

When you print an image, a thin white 
line may appear between adjoining sec- 


Figure 4 

Both FreeHand and Illustrator 88 enable you to 
print either spot colors or process colors. Our Il- 
lustrator 88 artist chose to print his sample using 
spot colors, taking advantage of the program' s 
Pantone Matching System lihtxuy. The FreeHand 
artist preferred to employ the four-color process. 
(Note: Since Mac^\’orId is pruned using the four- 
color process, the colors shown in the Illustrator 
88 sample won't necessarily match the PMS col- 
ors the artist chose.) 



colors “bile green.” When you print a proof 
of the drawing, you see that the green is 
not what you wanted at all. You can simply 
open that color, change it, rename it “lime 
green,” and automatically replace all occur- 
rences of the first green with the second 
one (unfortunately, you still have no guar- 
antee that the on-screen color will match 
the printed one). In Illustrator, you’d have 
to select each area that was filled with the 
original green and then replace it with the 
modified color. 

but this feature doesn’t offset the lack of 
PMS colors. 

Round 4: Miscellaneous 

For a final demonstration, each artist cre- 
ated an illustration that would show off a 
unique capability of the program he was 
using (see Figure 5). 

The Call 

Illustrator is the clear winner in the 
color category. The inclusion of the PMS 
color library takes the guesswork out of as- 
signing colors to be printed. FreeHand’s 
style-sheet approach makes it easy to 
change all occurrences of a selected color. 

Illustrator 88 

For his illustration. Smith chose to use 
Illustrator’s blend tool. He drew a flying 
bird with wings spread wide, then another 
bird with wings upraised. He assigned a 
different color to each bird, positioned 
each one on the screen, then selected the 
blend tool and chose to place five inter- 

Figure 5 

Both programs offer unique capabilities. Illustra- 
tor 88's blend feature creates a smooth tratisi- 
tion from one shape to another, one color to an- 
other, or both. Here, Freelland's 200 layers 
helped the designer arrange elements in a com- 
plex layout, in which line thickness changes for 
each floppy disk. 





mediate shapes between the starting and 
ending bird shapes. Illustrator did the rest, 
automatically calculating the shapes and 
colors of the blend. For a final touch. Smith 
applied a blend from one color to another 
in the background. 


For his final drawing, Tuckett created a 
logo consisting of three floppy disks, the 
top one made up of thin lines, the middle 
one of medium lines, and the bottom one 
of thick lines. Since the screens limited 
resolution doesn’t match that of the Laser- 
Writer, much less that of a high-resolution 
printing device such as a Linotronic im- 
agesetter, Tuckett needed to be able to 
make numerous changes to the drawing as 
he printed out proofs. 

Unlike Illustrator, FreeHand allows 
you to define angled dot or line screens for 
halftone effects. Tuckett first drew the 
disks’ outlines, aligning them with the grid, 
then applied a fill of 15 lines per inch at an 
angle of 90 degrees to the bottom disk. He 
applied the lines in Preview mode so he 
could get at least a rough idea of how the 
final output would look. He then defined 
lines of different weights for the top disk, 
sending each weight to a different drawing 
layer and saving it as a style sheet. 

Next, he cloned a layer and modified 
the line weights to produce the middle 
disk, saving each in a style sheet in case 
it had to be changed later. Finally, he re- 
peated this process for the bottom disk, 
typed the company name and positioned it 
beneath the disks, and printed the results. 
As you can see, this drawing takes advan- 
tage of several of FreeHand’s unique fea- 
tures: the adjustable grid, line screens, lay- 
ers, and style sheets — Tbckett even kerned 
several letter pairs in the text. 

The Call 

There’s no winner in this category, 
since the intent of the exercise was to show 
off unique aspects of each program. Illus- 
trator’s blend tool is an impressive feature 
not offered by FreeHand; it can be used to 
create smooth blends with no color band- 
ing, transitions from one graphic element 
to another, or even sequences that can be 
pasted into an animation program like 

FreeHand’s line-and-dot halftone 
screens, a feature not found in Illustrator 
88, can also be used to create striking 


February 1989 

effects. In addition, this exercise illus- 
trates how FreeHand s multiple layers are 
useful in putting together designs made up 
of many components. Finally, this example 
underscores FreeHand’s text-handling 

The Decision 

So, which program gets the big gold belt 
with all the rhinestones? It’s a tough call; 

I use both programs, and wouldn’t want 
to part with either one. But as I tally the 
score, I find that Illustrator 88 wins in 
terms of drawing precision and color defi- 
nition, with bonus points awarded for its 
autotrace and blend tools. In short, in the 
PostScript drawing program contest, Illus- 
trator is the champ. 

But wait — Fm being pelted with rot- 
ten fruit from the FreeHand partisans in 
the audience. I didn’t say FreeHand was a 
bad program; I said Illustrator 88 came out 
ahead. If you work on complex layouts that 
include text and a large number of pre- 
cisely aligned elements, FreeHand is a bet- 
ter bet. If you can get your hands on both 
programs, by all means try them out before 
you decide on one. 

Matching Features 

Illustrator 88 


Edit tracing template 



Convert MacDraw to PostScript 



Include TIFF image in document 



Blend tool 



Auiotrace tool 



Adjust sensitivity of freehand tool 



Erase when using freehand tool 



Multiple levels of Undo 



Select and change point type (comer, curve) 






Multiple layers 



Align objeas command 



Draw and edit in Preview mode 



PMS colors 



Line and dot halftone screens 



Create patterns 






Text on path 



Mbc font sizes, styles in text block 



Edit text fill, stroke 



List price 



'These screens are available in the accompanying separator utility, 
^ou create patterns by writing PosuScript programs. 

FreeHand 2.0 

The developers of FreeHand 

■ variable text stroke and fill 

are working on a new version 

■ customizable patterns 

that promises to keep Adobe 

■ the ability to include TIFF 

on its toes. The new FreeHand, 

images in an illustration 

due out in early 1989, adds 

■ the ability to edit TIFF im- 

many features currently exclu- 

ages (brightness, contrast, and 

sive to Illustrator 88, as well as 

so forth) 

some entirely new ones. A pre- 

■ 100 levels of Undo 

view of the forthcoming Free- 

■ PICT to PostScript 

Hand 2.0 revealed the follow- 


ing features: 

■ a clip art library 

■ a blend tool (for shapes 

■ a knife tool for cutting 

and colors) 


■ an autotrace tool 

■ an erase option with the 

■ PMS colors 

freehand tool 

■ ruler guides 

A rematch may be in order when the 
new version of FreeHand appears (see 
“FreeHand 2.0”), since the new version will 
add many of the features that now set Illus- 
trator apart. And while Adobe has yet to 
announce any plans for an Illustrator 89, 1 
doubt that the company will be content to 
let Illustrator 88 rest on its beziers. Ideally, 
Adobe and Aldus will continue to spur 
each other on in the quest to create the 
ideal PostScript graphics program. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Erfert Fenton was editing computer publications 
when computers that now fit on your thumbnail 
filled entire rootns. She is a Macworld contribut- 
ing editor and the author of The Macintosh Font 
Book JorthcomingJrom Peachpit Press. 



188 February 1989 


Beyond Word 

by Cheryl Spencer 

Products that 

make your word 


JL. ^L.ecently, I tackled 
a major writing project. Before starting, I 
had to choose a word processor — prefer- 
ably one that had a variety of writing tools. 
Well, I looked at MacWrite, but it can’t open 
more than one document at a time. Micro- 
soft Word s outline view doesn’t let you 
change styles for any of the headings. 
WordPerfect doesn’t automatically create 
bibliographies in a specific style. FullWrite 
has lots of nice features, but its file format 
is incompatible with just about everything, 
and besides, I wasn’t sure I’d alw^ays have a 
Mac with 2 megabytes at hand. 

Sooner or later, you’ll run up against 
the limits of your word processor too. The 
best solution is to use one or more prod- 
ucts specifically designed to do the jobs 
your word processor can’t. Most of these 
add-on tools work with MacWrite, Word, 
Write, WriteNow, MindWrite, Microsoft 
Works, and text-only files. Hardly any work 
with FullWrite because of its complex file 
format; only a few w'ork with WordPerfect 
because it is a relatively new product. 

Some of the products are so useful that you 

processing more 

might be willing to save your word-pro- 
cessing files as text-only in order to use 
them. Others are so mediocre that a word 
processor’s corresponding function may 
perform an equal, or better, job. 


Poor outliners. Second only to Hyper- 
Card in the Products We Just Don’t Know 
What To Do With category, outliners can be 
flexible tools or sheer aggravation. You 
see, outliners can (and should) be used for 
much more than outlining — just as Hyper- 
Card should be used as more than a 
Rolodex substitute. If you can deal with an 
outliners constraints (many people use 
HyperCard productively in spite of the 
one-card-per-screen limit), then you'll have 
a tool you can use even when you’re 
not writing. 

At the most basic level, outliners en- 
able you to create headings arranged in a 
hierarchy. You can then rearrange, expand, 
hide, move, and sort the headings, and add 
text and graphics underneath them. Some 
outliners even calculate numbers, create a 
table of contents, and dial the phone. You 

Macw'orld 189 

Hell NOy We Won*t Go 

Although outliners are flexible enough to be used 
for more than just outlining, they> still have some 
restrictions. Tloink Tank, like most outliners, 
won't let you move two headings without moving 
everything between them. 

can use outliners to plan projects, create 
presentations, store addresses, manage to- ’ 
do lists, take notes, and just plain brain- 
storm. T\vo outliners, ThinkTank and More, 
even include templates for customer order 
entries, area codes and time zones, and 
performance reviews. 

An outliner s basic structure is that of 
a list maker. Added features, no matter how 
flexible, are still constrained by this struc- 
ture. Outliners force you to stay within the 
proper outline format. For example, in 
most outliners you can’t select two head- 
ings without selecting everything between 
them. This forces you to keep groups to- 
gether and prevents your outline from con- 
taining headings that are out of order hier- 
archically. Only MindWrite lets you select 


any combination of noncontiguous topics 
and cut, copy, or move them. 

The key to using an outliner success- 
fully is to take advantage of its limits in cre- 
ative ways. Many programs have special 
features that extend their power: More, for 
example, can automatically turn outlines 
into bullet charts or organizational charts. 
A beta version of More 11 includes a slew of 
more advanced slide-making features, and 
a beta version of Acta Advantage includes 
a stand-alone program with new features 
such as Page Preview and Search and 

Even if an outliner doesn’t have 
snazzy slide-m<iking features, you can use 
it for creating informal handouts or over- 
head presentations — if it supports text 
styling, that is. Most outlines can be ex- 
ported in text format to a word processor 
for styling, but you lose graphics included 
in the outline. Besides, who w^ants to move 
work from program to program? Think- 
Tank enables you to select a style for each 
heading level, but you must use one font 
and one size for the entire outline. Acta is 
more flexible, letting you assign typefaces, 
styles, and sizes to individual headings, to 
all headings on a level, or to the w^hole out- 
line. (Both More 11 and Acta Advantage let 
you format individual characters any way 
you want, but most word processors are al- 
ready that flexible.) 

Even if you don’t care about stylish 


TV’ees On Screen 

A special type of outliner, Think 'n Time lets you 
see your files in a tree structure. You can label 
each file with text and! or numbers (as in a date 
or dollar amount). Clicking on the corner of the 
file icon displays the text contained in the file. 

outlines, you may care about how the pro- 
gram handles text entry. Many programs 
force you to keep notes separate from the 
main outline, usually in a special note box. 
Although this method works well, it isn’t 
very interactive. For instance, if you have a 
brainstorm, you have to stop typing in the 
outline, call up a text box, and then try to 
remember your great idea. Acta lets you 
type an unlimited amount of text into each 
heading; you can display all of the text or 
just the first line of it. 

Outliners should offer a variety of 
numbering styles, such as military (1.2.2), 
numeric (1.2), bullets, and Harvard (IA.2). 
If you write scientific or legal papers in 
which accuracy is vital, you’ll want to see 
the numbering on screen. Only a few out- 
liners support this feature. In addition, you 
should be able to print portions of the out- 
line. Some programs let you use headers 
and footers, create a table of contents, and 
print different levels in different colors. 

Although outliners share the same 
working style, two offer a twist. Inspira- 
tion, a MacDraw-like application, lets you 
create a visual outline by drawing symbols, 
connecting them, and adding text in a pop- 
up box. The program transforms your 
drawing into a conventional text outline 
that you can edit. Changes to the outline 
are reflected in the drawing. Unfortunately, 
it’s easy to add more headings than the dia- 
gram can handle, requiring you to break 
the outline into two sections. 

Think ’n Time offers a more general 
(and more useful) approach to visual out- 
lining than Inspiration does. Unlike typical 
outliners. Think ’n Time places file icons in 
a tree structure. The file that corresponds 
to each icon holds up to 32K of text. Like 
an outliner. Think ’n Time lets you move 
files from one level to another, provides 
search features and some rudimentary text 
editing, generates a calendar, and performs 
arithmetic. Think ’n Time provides an effi- 
cient ww to organize files of thoughts, 
rather than organizing just the thoughts 
themselves. It’s an excellent personal orga- 


February 1989 

nizer, but because of the icon structure it’s 
not the program you want for public 

Spelling Checkers and 


Although most word processors in- 
clude their own spelling checkers, you may 
be tempted to purchase a separate package 
that promises additional features. None of 
the spelling checkers, whether stand-alone 
or built-in, offers anything truly distin- ^ 
guishing. For instance, the most important 
feature in a spelling checker is the size of 
the dictionary. Strangely most vendors 
seem unaware of that fact — no dictionary 
offers more than 126,000 words. The figure 
includes not only root words, but every 
possible form of the word: move, moving, 

u>p tiom 

Sooner or later, you'll run up against the limits of your word processor, 
too. The best solution Is to use a product specifically designed to do the 
Job your word processor can't. Most of these t ools work with MacUliite. 
Ulord. Ulrite. Ulrltesow. MindlUrlte. Ulorlcs. and tTOWiTTn files. Hardly any 
work with Fullldrite because of Its compleu file format; only a few work 
with WordPerfect because it is a relatiuely new product. Some of the 
products are so useful that you might be willing to save your word 

Looking for Errors 

Spellswell lets you view and edit the main dictio- 
nary, skip a word once or every time it occurs in 
the document, guess the correct spelling, and see 
the word in context. It also offers numerous op- 
tions such as checking for homonyms and how 
to treat hyphens. Some word processors, such as 
MindWrite, include Spellswell. 

movement, and moveable are each consid- 
ered a separate word. Compare that with a 
paperback dictionary that you might find 
on any office desk, such as the New York 
Tunes Everyday Dictionary (Times Books, 
1982), which holds over 85,000 entries, not 
including plurals or other suffix forms. A 
comprehensive dictionary such as the Ran- 
dom House Dictionary of the English 
Language (Random House, 1987), whose 
second unabridged edition holds 315,000 

Narrowing the List 

With all the outliners and spelling checkers to choose from, it's easy to get confused. We've narrowed 
them down to our favorites. 










Think n Time 



Acta is a readily available desk accessory^ and allows multiple line headings. More can turn outlines 
into bullet charts or organizational charts. Acta and More are traditional outliners: Thhik 'n Time 

offers a twist. 

Spelling Checkers 




Working Software 


spell Coach Professional 




Electronic Arts 


WorksPlus spell 

Lundeen & Associates 





Word Finder 



We don't highly recommend spelling checkers, since the one m your word processor can do an ade- 
quate job of catching typos. Some people (especially good spellers), however, will find them useful. 
This list narrows down the choices a bit. For a thesaurus. Word Finder is a good bet. 

entries — again, not including various 
forms of a root word — provides an even 
more striking comparison. In addition, tra- 
ditional, book-form dictionaries provide 
definitions and some information on word 
derivation and usage, while spelling check- 
ers provide only a list of words to compare 
documents against. Only one spelling 
checker, Spell Coach Professional, provides 
some definitions. 

Some vendors justify small dictio- 
naries because they use less disk space and 
because you can add words to them. Still, 
creating your own dictionary sl-o-o-o-ws 
your work since the checker stops fre- 
quently to question words you’ve used, but 
that you haven’t yet added to the dictio- 
nary. In addition, spelling checkers fre- 
quently question words with common pre- 

fixes such as predefine or plurals such as 
duplicates because the dictionary is not 
large enough to contain all forms of a root 
word. If you are a bad speller, you may 
need to look up words in a traditional dic- 
tionary to find out if they are indeed mis- 
spelled. For a truly irritating time, try spell- 
checking a document with lots of proper 
nouns, such as peoples’ names. A spelling 
checker stumbles on every occurrence. 
Only Thunder includes an option to ignore 
all capitalized words. 

Spelling checkers also can’t pinpoint 
improper word usage. You can set up 
Spellswell to find all possible misuses of 
homonyms (words that sound alike but are 

Macworld 191 

spelled differently, such as two, too, to). 

But this is only worthwhile if you consis- 
tently confuse homonyms. I didn’t realize 
how many homonyms there are until I 
used this feature. Spellswell found 44 dif- 
ferent homonyms so far in this article, in- 
cluding common words such as so, I, the, 
do, or, in, you, but, and can*t. 

Ironically, good spellers profit the 
most from a spelling checker because they 
can easily discern whether a word is mis- 
spelled or just not included in the word 
list. Since the spelling checker in any word 
processor works well enough to catch 
typos, good spellers should purchase an- 
other product only if it offers a special fea- 
ture or is much easier to use. Lookup, a 
handy desk accessory that can supplement 
a built-in spelling checker, lets you look up 
individual words instead of spell-checking 
a whole document. Thus, the product 
works like a traditional dictionary, en- 
abling you to look up words you really 
don’t know how to spell. 

If you still think you need a spelling 
checker, consider the program’s dictionary 
size and its ability to create a personal dic- 
tionary. Any worthwhile spelling checker 
also lets you edit the problem word in the 
spelling checker window, suggests correct 
spellings, and lets you skip or replace a 
word. Most spelling checkers are compati- 
ble with text-only documents, but you 
don’t want to convert every document to 
text in order to check it for misspellings, so 
make sure the program works with your 
word processor. Also make sure that the 
spelling checker maintains formatting on 
checked sections of your document. 

Beware of any spelling checker that 
bases its misspelling criteria on the root 
word plus suffixes or prefixes. Programs 
that use that type of logic will bypass ob- 
vious misspellings or gross grammatical 
errors. For instance. Spelling Champion as- 
sumes that any word ending with -ing, -er, 
-ment, or -ness can be pluralized. So, the 
program accepts all sorts of oddities such 
as accompa?iyings. What’s worse is that 

some words commonly used in speech that 
are not standard English can be accepted. 
You might say “comings and goings’’ but 
you shouldn’t write that way. 

Check for flexibility in the program. 
For instance, if it offers an interactive mode 
(which checks spelling as you type), it 
should be optional — you won’t always 
want your thought processes interrupted 
just because you made a typo. Also, some 
programs ignore hyphens and check the 
two parts of a hyphenated word separately, 
while others check the whole hyphenated 
word. For example, if the word is tnan-day, 
some programs check both mati and day 
for misspellings, and others look in the 
dictionary for matt-day as one word. A 
flexible program lets you choose. 

Thesaurus programs pose fewer prob- 
lems than spelling checkers. Although the 
word lists are smaller than those in their 
paper counterparts, thesauruses don’t 
need to include every form of a word. 
Probably the biggest problem you’ll have is 
learning to use a thesaurus properly — if 
you need to replace a word because it oc- 
curs too frequently in your text, then 
chances are you need to do some rewrit- 

Quick-Change Artist 

Bibliographic databases let you enter reference 
information into records. You can sort, search, 
and browse through the information. Best of all, 
you can easily reformat the information to suit a 
different bibliographic style. Pro-Cite lets you 
cJjange the bihliography format by choosing the 
new style from a list. 


February 1989 

ing. Used properly, a thesaurus helps you 
find the right word for the context — for in- 
stance, when you know the word you want 
means “something like manage, but not 
manage,” Word Finder is the way to go. 
Spell Coach Professional’s thesaurus often 
repeats entries, only putting them in a-dif- 
ferent order. 

Grammar Checkers 

Although spelling checkers have their 
limited uses, grammar checkers have just 
about none. Grammar checkers are better 
at finding capitalization errors or punctua- 
tion errors (such as transposed commas 
and quotation marks) than most spelling 
checkers. But the programs are supposed 
to point out errors in grammar, word us- 
age, and punctuation as well as analyze 
your writing for structural weaknesses, 
including lengthy sentences or over- 
used phrases. 

None of these programs can find sim- 
ple (and common) mistakes such as miss- 
ing commas between items in a list, mis- 
use of the words / and me, or dangling 
modifiers. That’s because computers aren’t 
smart enough to understand sentences. 

The programs work much like spelling 
checkers — they compare text against lists 
of troublesome words and phrases. So al- 
though they can find specific words or 
phrases that should be avoided because 
they are sexist, slang, or clich^d, the pro- 
grams can’t find a fraction of the mistakes 
that an individual is likely to make. 

When analyzing writing, some pro- 
grams calculate the length of sentences and 
the length of individual words to arrive at a 
reading level for prose. Others offer statis- 
tics on the lengthiest word used, the 
lengthiest sentence, or the number of sen- 
tences in the longest paragraph. While sta- 
tistics like these might provide you with in- 
teresting facts about your writing ability, 
they won’t turn a poor writer into an 
effective one. 

A Clear Choice 

Some types of products such as spelling checkers and out liners may present several good choices. Your 
final decision will be based on personal preference or price. For otljer types of products, the choice is 
clear. Here's our list of clear winners and losers. 

Grammar Checkers 



Doug Clapp’s Word Tools 1 .02 

Aegis Development 


MacProof 30 

Lexpertise, V.SA. 


Sensible Grammar l.ld 

Sensible Software 


None of these programs lives up to its promises. Just don't bother. 

Bibliographic Databases 



Publish or Perish 2.52 

Park Row 


EndNote 1.0 

Niles & Associates 



Personal Bibliographic Software 


Well, we liked everything in this category— 

-all for different reasons. Get Publish or Perish for the high 

school set; it's easy, cheap, and provides the basics. EndNote and Pro-Cite go nose-to-nose for the pro- 
fessional researcher crowd. EndNote is easier, works with some word processors, and supports super- 
scripts and subscripts. Pro-Cite has more high-end data sorting and author handling capabilities, but 

is harder to learn and use. 

String Search 






RoundUp 3.0 

Virginia Systems 


Sonar 4.7 

Virginia Systems 


Sonar Professional 1.0 

Virginia Systems 


Gofer gets our vote — it's a DA, and it searches as much or as little as you like without requiring irk- 

some setup procedures. What's more, it's a 

heck of a lot cheaper than any other such product except 

the underpowered RoundUp. 

Mathematical Expression Editors 



Expressionist 2.0 

Allan Bonadio Associates 


MacEqn 2.03 

Software for Recognition Technologies 


MathTVpe 1.53 

Design Science 


For a long time, all of these products had major shortcomings. The Expressiotiist upgrade, however, 

has left the others in the dust. 

Goodies You Can’t Be Without 



Comment 2.0 
Macro Programs 



Tempo II 

Affinity Microsystems 



CE Software 


AutoMac II 

Genesis Micro Software 


WorksPlus Command 

Lundeen & A.ssociates 



Included in Apple System 6.0 



McSink 4.4 

Preferred Software 


TopDesk 3.0 

Cortland Computer 


QuickWord II 



If you need the capabilities these programs provide, then look no further — these are as good as it gets. 

Macworid 193 

spelling Checkers 



Product ; 

f Graham 


\ Lookup l.Oc 

Spell Coach J 


Spellswell 2.0 

Thunder 1.1 I 

i Woi-kiPlus 

. .. J 

Speller 1.1 

Spell II 

Professional 3.1. 

, Champion 3 



Spell 1.1A3 








Electronic Arts 

Lundeen & 

















Dictionary .size in words 









Cu.siomizable dictionary 








View main dictionary 








Interactive mode 















whole document 
selected .sections 



one word 
















doubled words 













suggests alternate 









skips word 

















edits word in checker 








Shows word in context 





Includes ihe.saurus 








1 • 

Saves formatting/caps 








Treats hyphens as spaces 






Global .skip 




Gk)bal replace 

all major 

all major 

all major 

all major 

all major 

all major 

all major 


Compatible .software 















Auxiliary dictionaries 

medical, legal 

medical, legal 

medical, legal 


' 105.000-word diciionar\' $14.95. 

- Includes medical, legal, and technical modules. 

In short, take a basic writing class — 
your time and money will be better spent. 

Bibliographic Databases 

If your research frequently requires 
you to accurately track references, a bibli- 
ography program is the best investment 
you can make. These programs come with 
predefined fields for entering information 
about each resource you use and for enter- 
ing lengthy notes. When you are ready to 

create a bibliography, you choose a style 
and the program automatically formats the 
reference information. 

Like general database management 
programs, bibliographic databases vary in 
the amount of control they provide over 
data entry and output. A simple program 
such as Publish or Perish comes with only 
2 predesigned styles and offers only 12 in- 
formation fields, plus a note field. When 
customizing a style, you can only rearrange 
the order in which the fields appear. A 
high-end program such as Pro-Cite sup- 
ports 20 predefined styles, lets you cus- 
tom-create 6, and includes 45 different in- 

formation fields. The program handles 
complex formatting such as listings for a 
chapter written by one author that is con- 
tained in a book edited by another. 

The more complex the program, the 
more true database capabilities it provides, 
such as multilevel sorts, searches, and date 
and author management. Publish or Perish 
displays author names as you type them. If 
you enter Alfred J. Robertson and Jane 
Sommers in the author field, you cannot 
force the program to format the names as 
Robertson, A.J. andj. Sommers. EndNote 

194 February 1989 

can take an entry and format it as you type 
it, with first-name initials, with the last 
name first or the first name first, or any 
combination of ways (for a more detailed 
look at EndNote, See Reviews in this issue). 
Pro-Cite goes one step further by enabling 
you to give each author a t\pe (compiler, 
editor, translator, programmer), a descrip- 
tor (inventor, actor), and an affiliation 
(department or division). You can tlien 
apply different formatting rules to each 
type of autlior. 

This ma>^ sound very simple, but it can 
quickly get tricky. With EndNote, if you en- 
ter an author’s last name first but forget to 
use a comma to separate it from the first 
name, EndNote treats the last name as 
though it were the first name. Pro-Cite can 
be even trickier since it punctuates data as it 
formats it. If you want to enter information 
into the Edition field, you must enter 3rd in 
order to get “3rd ed.” If you enter 3rd ed. 
you’ll get “3rd ed. ed.” on the printout. 

Although all of the programs can cre- 
ate text-only files, only EndNote works di- 
rectly with MacWrite, WriteNow, and Word. 
You place references in the text as you 
write, and EndNote creates a bibliography 
based on the references. Pro-Cite requires 
you to work on the bibliography separately 
from the paper. Fortunately, both products 
let you change fonts and add styling such 
as boldface or underlining. 

A couple of other features can make 
or break a product for a professional re- 
searcher. Someone who refers to a lot of 
scientific papers needs subscripts and su- 
perscripts. Researchers who use online 
databases such as Dialog will want to 
download references either directly into 
the bibliographic database or into another 
package that can transfer the information 
into the database. By doing this, the re- 
searcher can format the bibliographic 
information so that it is easy to read (for 
instance, getting rid of online commun- 
ications garbage and sorting references to 
eliminate duplicates). 

Even with these programs, you must 
proofread the bibliography to catch data 
entry goofs. Still, bibliographic databases 
offer huge improvements over manually 
formatting references. Research data is 
stored in one place and the bibliographic 
formatting is consistent. Just be sure the 
program you use offers the right amount of 
complexity. Programs with limited data en- 
try and output options work fine for high 
school term papers, but professional re- 
searchers need more flexibility and data- 
base functions. 

String Search 

Mass storage usually means mass dis- 
organization. Several programs can help 
you sort through your hard disk sectors to 
find strings of text buried deep within 
documents. These programs work like the 
search feature in a word processor, except 
they can search across multiple documents 
for a single word, a phrase, or a set of char- 
acters. They all claim to be accurate and 
fast, and so they are, but only if you mea- 
sure accuracy by the number of words 
found in a particular search, and speed by 
how quickly the program buzzes through 
a document. 

All the programs search text quickly. 
For instance. Gofer searches most files at 
1MB per minute; Sonar flies through them 
at 15,000 pages a minute on a Mac II. But a 
program’s ability to narrow a search deter- 
mines how much time it takes to pinpoint a 

file. Gofer lets you start a search in any spe- 
cific file or folder and searches from that 
point down to the bottom of the hierarchy. 
You can further narrow the search by 
choosing folders and files to search based 
on their name, size, kind, or date. In con- 
trast, RoundUp forces you to search files 
even if you know the text you want is not in 
them. You select a file within a folder and 
RoundUp searches the file, its folder, and 
all of that folder’s subfolders. And, al- 
though Gofer lets you search for any text 
string on your disk. Sonar and RoundUp 
support only eight file formats (mostly 
word processor formats) as well as 

The more complex the search is, the 
more accurate it will be. Gofer and Sonar 
can do complex searches using “and/or/ 
not” and can specify that certain words 
must be found within a certain number of 
words or lines of each other. Instead of 
searching for all occurrences of computer, 
you can search for all occurrences of com- 
puter and Macintosh but not oilBM in or- 
der to find documents that deal solely with 
the Mac. Compound searches are tough to 
master, but eliminate a lot of false leads. 

It doesn’t matter how fast or flexible a 
program is, however, if it can’t display or 
save the results in a useful way. All pro- 
grams display the strings that are found in 
context, along with a listing of the text’s 
folder location. Gofer lets you write the re- 
sulting strings to a text file that includes the 
name of the file the text was found in, the 
folder hierarchy, and the line number loca- 
tion of the find. Sonar prints its results and 
can create an index either of all the words 
in a document or of words that appear in a 
specified percentage of paragraphs. Both 
programs also let you add text to the Clip- 
board without erasing previously added 
text. RoundUp doesn’t let you do anything 
with finds other than view them. 

Although Sonar and Gofer offer many 
identical features. Sonar has special abili- 
ties that let you search for several phrases 
at once and also trace indirect relationships 
between files. But Gofer still comes up the 

Mac^^orld 195 



. -m , ■ . 



Inspiration 1.0 


FullWrite 1.0 

MindWrite 2.0 

Word 3.02 












Ceres Software 











Desk accessory ' 


Max. characters per line 








Word wraps headings 








Separate text window 

comment notes 


Control of fonts 

by character 

by character 

by character 

by character 

bv' level 

by level 

Control of styling 

by character 

by character 

by character 

by character 

by level 

by level 

Style sheets 



Supports graphics 







Drawing tools 


Table of contents 




not from outliner 


Prints numbering styles 

6+ user defined 

3 + user defined 

2+ user defined 

3+ user defined 



Displays numbering 







Prints portion of outline 







Exports outlines 

MacWrite, text 

Word, ThinkTank, 

Word 1.0, RTF, 

Word, text 


MacWrite, text 

Word, MacWrite, 

MacWrite, Acta, 

MacWrite, text 

RTF, text 

More, ThinkTank, 



‘Levels must be one font and style; notes can be any font and style. 
2 User can print any range of pages. 

winner, because Sonar’s special features 
are overshadowed by a few bothersome 
quirks: you must select the files that you 
want to search and then wait while Sonar 
creates a directory with information on the 
files. Each time you change a file, you must 
redo this set-up. More than just being a 
bother, the directories take up disk space, 
using anywhere from 40 to 130 percent of 
the size of the original document. Gofer, a 
desk accessory, is handy, simple, and takes 
little disk space. 

Mathematical Expression Editors 

It’ll be a dark day in San Diego before 
word processors handle specialized mathe- 

matical needs. If you frequently use equa- 
tions in your writing, you’ll find that ex- 
pression editors provide a fast, easy way to 
create properly positioned symbols and 
that learning all the commands is more ef- 
ficient than proofreading typeset notation. 
Expression editors provide a way to edit a 
specialized graphic — that is, the equation 
— and then insert it into word processor 

Of the three programs available for 
creating expressions, Expressionist 2.0 is 
exemplary. A desk accessory. Expressionist 
offers a large library of symbols ranging 
from Greek symbols to horizontal braces 
and double vertical bars. You place these 
symbols into the DA, position them pre- 
cisely, and then cut and paste the expres- 

sion into a word processor document. Later 
you can move the expression back into 
Expressionist for editing. 

Expressionist has other features that 
make creating expressions very conve- 
nient. A group of characters, such as a num- 
ber and its subscript, is called a composite. 
Expressionist outlines each composite, 
making it easier to view the structure of a 
complex expression. The program also in- 
cludes forms, which are similar to tem- 
plates, for creating structures such as ten- 
sor notation and tree nodes. Another 
handy feature lets you save expression 
structures in a library for later use. 

196 February 1989 

More 1.11c 

SideKick for 


the Mac 2.0 


















by level 

by level’ 

by outline 

by character 

by level’ 

by level 







in SideKick 









text-only format 

Word, MacWrite, 



What about all those oddball products 
that don’t fit into a particular category? 

Only a few rate a place in every Mac’s 
memory. Others, such as foreign language 
and scientific fonts, offer very specific capa- 
bilities for not-so-typical users. 

At the top of the Everyone Needs One 
of These list is a $30 shareware desk acces- 
sory called McSink (yes, it’s spelled right — 
the creators took the generic approach for 
some odd reason). Appropriately named, 
this little program lets you fix almost any 
formatting problem a document, or a por- 
tion of a document, may have. For instance, 
McSink can capitalize all words that appear 
at the beginning of sentences, indent or 
unindent paragraphs, reverse lower- and 

upper-case, convert tabs to spaces or 
spaces to tabs, add or strip line numbers 
and line feeds, and count the number of 
words, lines, and paragraphs. That’s only a 
partial list. 

Now for the bad news. You’ll lose the 
formatting in any edited selection. Because 
I have simple formatting needs, however, 
it’s much quicker for me to redo lost for- 
matting than it is to spend time, say, chang- 
ing an article that was typed in all upper- 
case letters to the standard lowercase/ 
uppercase mixture. Although you might 
not use McSink every day, it’s cheap and 
the one time you need it, you’ll be glad 
it’s there. 

Comment, a desk accessory I use 
more frequently than McSink, functions 
like an electronic pad of Post-it notes (see 
Reviews in this Issue for a more in-depth 
analysis of Comment). You use it to attach 
notes to any word, phrase, sentence, para- 
graph, or to an entire document. The notes 
stay^ hidden until you scroll through a docu- 
ment, holding down the Option ke>^. When 
you stop scrolling, all notes attached to any 
visible text appear. This particular feature is 

Needles in a Haystack 

String search utilities can help you find the latest 
revision of an article or collect all files that con- 
tain information on a certain subject. Gofer lets 
you define simple searches (search for Gofer in 
all files) or complex searches (search for Gofer 
but not Mac in all Word files in the Editing 
folder). The program then displays the strings 
it finds and lists the location of files containing 
the strings. 

hanch^ for making notes to yourself, for in- 
stance, to check a fact or tell someone about 
an event — this use is really like an interactive 
to-do list. 

Although Comment can be used for 
group editing — for iastance, allowing several 
people to comment on a document — I’ve 
found that face-to-&ce communication or 
paper notes work better. One company. 
Mainstay, plaas to release a product called 
Mark Up tliat is specifically designed for 
group editing. The product, which contaias 
many more features for group editing than 
Comment, lias generated a lot of excitement. 
Still, just how for Mark Up can go in replac- 
ing traditional methods remains to be seen. 

A few other small but handy^ products 
include word-count and statistics programs 
that you can get from online services or your 
local user group. TopDesk contains a hodge- 
podge of utilities including one tliat lets you 
view up to eight MacWrite documents at a 
time. You ain’t edit these documents but you 
can cut and paste them into an already open 
document. Another utility in TopDesk lets 
you assign abbreviations to represent strings 
of text up to 255 characters long. When you 
type the abbreviation, the program imme- 
diately substitutes the complete phrase. A 
different program, QuickWord, also creates 
a glossary of abbreviations. 

Most of these products work with soft- 
ware other than just a word processor. Like- 
wise, you can find numerous general-use 
products that make your text chores more ef- 
ficient, including macro programs such as 
Tempo, QuicKeys, or the MacroMaker in 
System 6.0. Many jobs, however, require 
elearonic equivalents of traditional writing 
tools, such as dictionaries, grammar and 
style guides, and note cards. While word 
processors can substitute for typewriters, 
most can’t take on additional duties. Some 
add-on tools, such as outliners and biblio- 
graphic databases, are ready for the electron- 
ic age. Others, such as spelling and grammar 
checkers, have yet to prove more xaluable 
than a ninth-grade English book. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Macworld 197 


FebruarN- 1989 

Color Separation 


The ABCs of CMYK: 

Part one of a two-part series. 

the scene, print publishers took a look, goggled with 
everyone else at the glorious color screen images, and 
asked the obvious question: How do 1 get those colors 
into print? Along came color printers, which were 
great for some things but no help at all for publishing. 
The problem of reproducing screen colors in the real 
world of publishing — on offset presses — remained. 

Color print publishers want the same things from 
the Macintosh that black-and-white desktop publishers 
have alread>' achieved: flexibility, control, and econ- 
omy. They want to be able to see color documents on 
screen, modify them, and output the results on high- 
quality devices, ready for the printer. Since the price of 
color publishing is high, the possible economies are 
great. Color publishers have anxiously awaited the day 
when they can pay $50 for four pieces of Linotronic 
film, instead of $200 to $300 to have a color separator 
separate a color image. 

For some color publishers, that day is here. Soft- 
ware tools available right now — Illustrator 88, Aldus 
FreeHand, LaserPaint Color II, and several color paint 
programs — do a creditable job of separating full-color 

Stere Roth is the editor of KcA World Po.siScript (Addison- 
Wesley, 1988) and the former editor q/" Personal Publishing 

Macworld 199 

illustrations. With QuarkXPress 2.0, you can even build 
full-color pages and produce output that a printer can 
use as is to print a color publication. Using these pro- 
grams you can bypass several steps traditionally rele- 
gated to specialists. 

Not surprisingly, you can also make a mess of 
things. Those specialists are there for a reason, and by- 
passing them puts all the responsibility on your shoul- 
ders. The same is true with black-and-white publish- 
ing, but color adds a layer of complexity that many will 
find daunting. 

As is so often the case when the computer moves 
into a new application, taking advantage of the Mac’s 
color separation capabilities requires that users ac- 
quire a whole new body of knowledge. You need to 
Imow quite a bit about the printing process to use 
color publishing tools effectively; there is a vocab- 
ulary to learn, and there are a number of distinctions 
to understand. 

Separations and Overlays 

One of the biggest distinctions is between color 
separations and overlays. 

Publishers typically use overlays when they re- 
quire only one or two colors. For example, if you want 
red headlines and subheads in an otherwise black 
document, you can achieve this by creating two pieces 
of film for each page — one overlay for the red ele- 
ments, and one for the black ones. Your printer (the 
person) will turn the film into separate printing plates, 
one each for red and black ink. 

When you’re working with this type of color, it 
doesn’t matter what colors you see on screen, since the 
overlays you print out from your laser printer or photo- 
typesetting machine will all be black. You choose the 
colors you want by number from a book of Pantone 
Matching System (PMS) inks, and the colors make 
their appearance only on press. 

When you want more than a few colors, you need 
to use process color separations. The process color 
inks are cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (CMYK). By 
screening the process colors — turning them into half- 
tones — and overlaying the screens, you can produce 
virtually any color you want (aside from those that re- 
quire special inks, such as gold and silver). If you look 
under a magnifying glass at any of the color photo- 
graphs in this magazine, you’ll see that the process col- 
or dots are grouped in small clusters. To create these 
rosettes, it’s necessary that each of the process color 
halftones have its dots arranged at a different, precise- 
ly calculated angle. If the halftone dots aren’t angled 
properly in each layer, the layers won’t combine cor- 
rectly, and distracting patterns known as moires will 
result. (For a more detailed introduction to basic pro- 
cess color theory, see “Beyond Black and White,” Mac- 
world, November 1987.) 

Figure 1 

Building a tint. By combining different percentages of the 
four process inks (here 40 percent each), you can create an 
almost infinite variety of colors. This figure was created in 
Illustrator 88. 

Several programs on the market state that they 
produce color separations when all they really pro- 
duce is overlays. The program vendors can get away 
with this claim because printing terminology in this 
area is confusing. Overlays are often called spot color, 
or mechanical, separations. For the purpose of this 
article, I’ll try to avoid those terms. 

Separations and Tint Builds 

Given that you can create this incredible variety of 
colors from the four printers’ inks, the next question 
is, how to go about it? What types of color images can 
you separate with Macintosh software, and how do 
you do it? 

As is always the case, the Mac graphics world is 
split into two camps, bitmaps and objects. Bitmapped 
images exist in the computer as patterns of dots. Im- 
ages created with paint programs are bitmaps, as are 
images captured with scanners. Bitmaps can be black 
and white, as with the venerable MacPaint, or each dot 
can have a color or gray value, like the images pro- 
duced by PixelPaint or ImageStudio. 

Object-oriented art, on the other hand, is made 
up of (surprise, surprise) objects — circles, squares, 
curves, polygons. When you draw with an object- 
oriented program, the software uses mathematical 
descriptions, not dot locations, to record your designs. 
You create object-oriented images with drawing, as 
opposed to painting, programs. MacDraw is the origi- 
nal Mac drawing program, but the most popular color 
drawing programs now are Adobe Illustrator 88 and 
Aldus FreeHand. 

200 February 1989 

It s poSvSible right now to get very good results 
separating object-oriented graphics. That’s because 
the colors in object graphics are, in printing parlance, 
tint builds. A tint build is simply a color that’s been 
“built” by combining percentages of two or more pro- 
cess colors (see Figure 1). In Illustrator or Freel land, 
for example, you would build purple by specifying a 
fill that combines 40 percent cyan and 100 percent 
magenta (40C/100M). 

Separating a tint-built image is relatively straight- 
forward because the software has little to do except 
print out the separate layers. You, the human, have al- 
ready done most of the work, specifying the process 
color percentages for all of the colors you want in 
your drawing. 

In addition to Illustrator and Freehand, the other 
players in this field are QuarkXPress 2.0 and LaserPaint 
Color II. XPress isn’t a drawing program, but it does 
enable you to color type and import black-and-white 
bitmap graphics, and to draw and color lines, boxes, 
and other simple elements. The program can import 
Illustrator graphics and separate an entire color page 
at once. Laserware’s LaserPaint is constantly derided 
for its obtuse interface, but nevertheless its ability to 
separate a wide variety of color files, including PICT2 
color images — both objects and bitmaps — is 

Bitmaps and Scanned Images 

When you get into color bitmaps, separations 
aren’t so easy. LaserPaint, SuperMac’s PixelPaint Profes- 
sional, and Computer Friends’ Modern Artist 2.0 can 
separate paint images and screen shots with relatively 
good results, although tlie colors that come out are 
often different from what you expected. The results 
when using these programs to separate scanned pho- 
tographs, however, are far less satisfactory. The final 
prints are not as sharp or as vivid as separations cre- 
ated with high-end, dedicated color-separation sys- 
tems. They may be useful for some purposes, but not 
for high-quality publications. Because of the nature of 
bitmapped images, separated color scans are also 
more prone to moire patterns than object-oriented 
images are. 

As I write this, a new generation of programs is 
coming to market with features designed to provide 
high-quality separations of color scans. Part II of this 
article (next month) will include tests made with pre- 
release versions of Avalon Software’s PhotoMac and 
Prepress Technologies’ SpectrePrint. 

Color Correspondence 

When you are specifying and viewing colors on 
the Macintosh, it’s important to remember that the col- 
ors you see on screen are different from those that will 
come off the printing press. Even with Illustrator 88, 
which lets you adjust screen colors to more closely 
match the printed results, it’s impossible to get real 

color correspondence. The screen simply can’t pro- 
duce the colors that an offset press can, and vice versa. 
If you are blessed with a 24-bit display board, your on- 
screen and printed colors will match more closely, but 
they still won’t be the same. 

Given this, how do you know what the printed 
image will look like? The first answer is that you must 
spec all your colors from a printed color chart. Most 
printers will provide you with one, or you can pick up 
a book like Graphics Master 4 (Dean Lem Associates, 
1988), which includes charts of process color combina- 
tions printed on coated and uncoated stocks. You 
choose your color from the chart, key in the CMYK 
specifications, and the color that shows on screen 
simply serves to remind you of what color you’ve 
put where. 

Since the on-screen colors aren’t the same as the 
printed colors anyway, it’s possible to create color 
object graphics on a black-and-white display. In black- 
and-white mode, most programs use patterns to repre- 
sent the different colors you’ve specified. A color dis- 
play does help you visualize color images, however. 

The second step to ensuring that colors print 
properly is to have a color proofing copy of the separa- 
tions made before going to press. There are various 
proofing systems — Cromalins and Matchprints are 
two popular ones. The color correspondence between 
proofs and printed results is still not perfect, but 
proofs are much more accurate than screen images. 
Color printers — even the QMS ColorScript color Post- 
Script printer — are unacceptable for color proofing. 

Several color sivatches created with Illustrator 88 and sepa- 
rated with Adobe Separator. The swatches m which moires 
are apparent are those that contain a significant percentage 
of black. 

Macworid 201 

Figure 3 

The moire patterns that result from improper screen angles. 
This was created with FreeHand, a program that makes it easy 
to adjust the angles, even when it's a bad idea. 

In addition to letting you check colors, profession- 
ally generated color proofs are useful for catching 
many of the demons that love to find their way into 
printed color separations. 

Moire Is Not Better 

Among the little devils that may crop up in a 
printed image but that don’t appear on your Mac 
screen, first and foremost are moires — the inter- 
ference patterns that result from improperly over- 
lapping halftone screens (see Figures 2 and 3). 

While moires can appear just about anywhere, 
there are some things you can do to avoid them, or to 
get rid of them if they do show up. Moirds most often 
make an appearance 

■ in areas of graduated color {fountains, or ramps)\ 

■ in scanned images; and 

■ in areas that include a significant percentage 
of black. 

We’ve already discussed scanned images, and the 
problems of fountains are discussed more fully below. 
As for black, the rule is simple: avoid it. Since black is 
the darkest ink and the color most apparent to the eye, 
moir^ patterns generated by the black separation will 
likewise be more apparent. You can use black in your 
process colors, but keep to small percentages — 
particularly in fountains. 

If you do run into moires, the most likely culprit is 
your output device. It’s a little-known fact that digital 
printing devices don’t always deliver halftones at the 
angle and frequency specified by the user. Some com- 
binations simply aren’t mathematically possible. The 
higher the resolution of the device, the more likely you 
are to get your request, but even a 2540-dots-per-inch 
(dpi) Linotronic 300 frequently makes substitutions. 

When a PostScript output device does substitute, 
it simply tries for the best approximation of your angle/ 
frequency request. Since each of the layers in a separa- 
tion has a different angle, you can end up with separa- 
tions of varying frequencies — not good at all. (Shifting 
frequencies is a faster route to moires than the slight 
angle shifts that also occur.) 

So what can you do? To maximize your chances 
of getting good halftones the first time, always output 
on a Linotronic 300, and stick to coarser halftone 
screens — 120 lines per inch (Ipi) or less. Table 1 shows 
a representative sample of frequency/angle combina- 
tions on a Linotronic 300 at 2540 dpi, at some typical 
halftone frequencies. By using these figures, you can 
avoid impossible frequency/angle combinations that 
cause PostScript to improvise. For a PostScript pro- 
gram that will determine the possible combinations 
for PostScript devices at any resolution, see Chapter 10 
diReal World PostScript (Addison-Wesley, 1988). 

If you follow the advice in this article, many — 
maybe even most — of your separations will come out 
without moires the first time. If you do get patterning, 
try shifting the angles for all four colors by 5 degrees, 
though it’s possible this might just shift the moires to 
other areas of your graphic. 

Fountains and Banding 

Whatever you call them — fountains, ramps, or 
gradients — one of the most difficult things to separate 
properly is a smooth change from one color to another, 
as in a rainbow. The more intermediate steps you have 
between colors, the smoother the effect. If you have 
only a few intermediate colors, the result is distinct 
banding as you move from one color to the next — like 
the rainbow decals in people’s car windows, instead of 
the real thing (see Figure 5). 

Because of the way digital printing devices make 
halftones, the coarser your screen and the more reso- 
lution your printing device has, the more shades a half- 
tone can represent (see “Shades Macworld, 

January 1988, for a good explanation of why this is 
true). The more shades you have, the smoother your 
gradients. This is another good reason to use the 
highest-resolution output device available — ideally, a 
Linotronic 300 at 2540 dpi — and to stick with halftone 
screens of 120 Ipi or less. 

The other rule for creating good-looking foun- 
tains is a familiar one: keep it simple. You can improve 
the appearance of your fountains if the colors you’re 
blending are reasonably similar and don’t include all 
four process colors, and if the fountains cover a rela- 
tively small area. If you start a blend with a bright 
green (lOOC/lOOY) in one corner of a page, and blend 
down to a ruby red (100M/30K) in the opposite corner, 
you are almost certain to get noticeable banding, espe- 
cially with finer halftone screens. If you just want to fill 
a two-inch square with a blend from red (100M/40Y) 
to yellow (lOOY), you should have better luck. Size of 
the blend area is important because the larger the 
area, the wider and more noticeable the bands are 
liable to be. 

202 February 1989 

And, once again, avoid black. Since it is the dark- 
est color, it makes any banding more apparent. 

Caught in a Trap 

One problem that won’t show up on screen or on 
a proof is the result of misregistration of the process 
layers. No press is perfect, so the four process colors 
may not be perfectly overlaid. When two colors are 
supposed to butt up against each other, slight misalign- 
ments may produce a thin white line between them. 

The solution is to trap that white area by overlap- 
ping the two adjoining colors. Here’s a simple example 
of how you can create traps in object-oriented draw- 
ings (see Figure 6). If you have a yellow circle (50Y) 
lying on top of a cyan square (50C), specify a one- 
point stroke for the circle with both yellow and cyan 
(50Y/50C). While that one-point circle will come off 
press as green, it will be almost invisible. A white line, 
on the other hand, is visible at a glance. 

In more complicated illustrations, trapping gets 
more difficult. Suppose your yellow circle overlaps the 
cyan box by only half. To use Illustrator 88 terminol- 
ogy, you need to “mask” the trap stroke so that it only 
appears inside the cyan square. This requires that you 
create a separate object for the stroke, and mask it (or 
clip it, in PostScript terminology). You can achieve the 
same effect with FreeHand using the Paste Inside 

If this example seems complicated, it is. Manually 
trapping complex images is no fun. Few designers will 
want to take the time or go through the mental gym- 
nastics. Though software developers are working on 
automatic trapping, the current crop of programs 
forces you either to do it yourself, or to skip it. 

Bear in mind that you don’t have to create traps if 
abutting objects share some significant percentage 
(about 20 percent) of a process color. If you are work- 
ing in QuarkXPress, for instance, and want to place a 
purple sidebar (100M/50C) on top of your pink page 
(50M), you don’t need to trap the sidebar box, because 
both colors have magenta in them. Any misregistration 
will result in a magenta area between the two objects 
— far less of a problem than a white line. 

And speaking of white lines, what about white 
lines that you do want? The answer: forget it unless 
they’re at least one point in width. If you try for less, 
any misregistration on press will result in a line that is 
cyan, magenta, yellow, or gray — not white. 

Registration is also important when you work 
with colored or white (knocked-out) type on a colored 
background. With Illustrator, you can trap the colored 
type on a colored background by specifying the color 
and width of the type outline stroke, but this works 
well only for large type. With small type, a wide out- 
line stroke will fill in all the gaps in the letters — the 
hole, for instance, in the lowercase a. 

Small type in general requires special handling, 
but fine, serif faces suffer the most when you’re work- 
ing with process color. Slight misregistrations can 
make those serifs fuzzy. Try sticking to one solid color, 
or use a large percentage of a dominant color — cyan 
or magenta — with a smaller percentage of one other. 
And keep the background color light — 30 percent or 
less. As usual, watch out for black mixed with other 
colors, since it makes misregistration more apparent. 

If you want knocked-out white type on a colored 
background, go for large percentages (70 percent or 
more) of a single dominant color, perhaps with a small 

What You Get 

Requested Actual 







Frcq. Ang. 























100 0° 




























































































































Macw'orld 203 

Figure 4 

Similar images show- 
ing color blends cre- 
ated in FreeHand (a) 
and Illustratorih). 
Both start with 
They* blend through 
10C170MI100YI0K to 
Especially note the 
area near the bottom, 
which includes a sig- 
nificant percentage 
of black. 




percentage of one other color, and avoid small type 
with fine serifs. 

If you are creating spot color overlays and 
printing with PMS inks, you can use a technique called 
overprinting and avoid the trapping issue by paying 
your printer to do it. FreeHand lets you specify that 
any spot color should overprint, which means that 
“underlapping” areas of PMS-colored objects won’t be 
knocked out. Every object in that color will print in its 
entirety You can give the color overlays to your printer 
and let him or her do the knockouts, creating the traps 
photographically as appropriate for the press. With the 
Illustrator/Separator combination, you can achieve 
the same effect by specifying overprint for every fill 
or stroke. 

Separator offers one more feature that makes it 
easy to trap black-outline, comic book-type art: it auto- 
matically overprints any solid black object. If Separa- 
tor finds 100 percent black areas, it will print the black 
ink right over the top of any underlying inks. 

Is Black Black? 

This overprinting of black raises another point: 
not all blacks are the same. Black printed with 100 per- 
cent black ink alone looks different than black that’s 
mixed with the other colors. The plain black is not as 
rich or glossy. If a 100 percent black object partially 
overlaps a colored object and overprints, it will be 
glossy where it overprints, and dull where it prints 
by itself. 

To solve the problem of uneven blacks, add a 
bit of the other three colors to black areas. Try using 
3 OC/ 3 OY/ 3 OM/IOOK. Some people just add 30C to their 
blacks, which avoids the problem of too much ink on 
the page. With thin black lines, it’s not as important 

to add the extra colors, but with large black areas, it 
makes a big difference. You do have to be careful, 
though, to avoid specifying too much color. 

Too Much Color 

Yes, you heard right — too much color. Macintosh 
users who have suffered for years with black and white 
may think there’s no such thing, but when you’re print- 
ing offset, there definitely is. If you specify 100 percent 
of all four colors in an area, you end up with some very 
wet paper on press. Ink from one printing cylinder can 
be transferred to the next one, the later-printed inks 
may have trouble adhering to the wet paper, the job 
may not dry properly, and there’s a good chance the 
press will tear the work. If you give your printer sep- 
arations with too much color in an area, he or she will 
probably refuse to print the job. 

The maximum color percentage allowed varies 
with the press and the type of paper. The recommend- 
ed standard, Specifications Web Offset Publications 
(SWOP), created by a printing industry committee, 
specifies that the total percentage for any spot should 
not exceed 300 percent, and that only one color should 
print solid (this is usually black). For newsprint the to- 
tal percentage allowed is much lower. 

There’s no reason to specify even a 300 percent 
color mix, because the result is just black. But when 
you are producing color separations from scanned 
photographs or other bitmaps, you don’t have the con- 
trol that you have over total color percentages in draw- 
ing programs. You may have an excessively high color 
percentage in a given area and not even know it. Or if 
you are using Illustrator 88’s Separator utility (which 
automatically overprints black objects), a black object 
on top of a colored object may result in an excessive 
amount of ink in a given area. 

The solution to these problems is a process called 
undercolor removal (UCR). This technique removes a 
certain percentage of the three nonblack colors from 
areas with too much ink, theoretically resulting in con- 

204 February 1989 

sistent blacks throughout an image. UCR is a common 
function on high-end separation systems, but it’s still 
in its infancy on the Mac. 

LaserPaint implements UCR when creating sep- 
arations, as do the separation utilities included with 
PixelPaint Professional and Modern Artist. UCR is also 
implemented in color correction and photo-retouch- 
ing programs like Avalon’s PhotoMac and Prepress 
Technologies’ SpectrePrint. Separator, FreeHand, and 
XPress do not provide undercolor removal. You have 
to specify your colors carefully, especially when using 


You can stroke objects in a drawing to create traps. Traps solve 
the problem of white areas appearing due to misregistration 
of colors on press. These strokes are three points wide, rather 
than the usual one point, for the sake of clarity. Using Laser- 
Paint’s or Illustrator 88’ s masking feature, or FreeHand’ s 
Paste Inside, you can limit the stroke to the areas that need to 
be trapped. As illustrations get more complex, however, the 
complexity and difficulty of the trapping increases as well. 

This illustration was created and separated with FreeHand. 

Figure 6 

When you overprint black areas on top of colors, the appear- 
ance of the black can change. The top bar is 100 percent black 
(OCIOMIOYIIOOK). The bottom bar is 30CI30MI30Y/100K. The 
underlying bars are 100 percent cyan, magenta, and yellow. 
Notice how the bottom black bar has a consistent appearance 
all the way across. Adobe Separator, which was used to create 
these separations, automatically overprints 100 percent black 

overprinting, to avoid excessive amounts of ink in a 
given area. If you’re using Separator, be sure to check 
the percentages wherever black overlaps a dark color. 

Another color correction technique, gray compo- 
nent replacement (GCR, also referred to as gray com- 
ponent reduction and gray component enhancement), 
gives the same consistency to gray areas that UCR pro- 
vides for blacks. It removes a given amount of cyan, 
magenta, and/or yellow from gray areas that are pro- 
duced by combining these three colors, and adds 
black in their place. Black ink results in a much more 
consistent gray on press than a combination of the 
other three colors. 

So much for theory. Next month we’ll take a look 
at the Macintosh software on the market for producing 
color separations from both object-oriented and bit- 
mapped graphics. We’ll also get into the nitty-gritty of 
pulling separations from Linotronics. The number of 
programs that produce separations seems to grow 
daily, so stay tuned for the latest and greatest. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 



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If more than 7 
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please print or 

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City, town or post offlM 

Election Campaign 

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Filing Status 





Check only 
one box. 










\bur Money 

If you can manage your money 
with a paper-based system, then 
you'll appreciate the conveniences 
that financial-management 
programs offer 

by Alan L, Slay 


JL, JL. bout 15 years ago, my wife 
and I were very unhappy that we “weren’t getting any- 
where” financially Our credit cards were out of con- 
trol; we were finishing each month in the red; and our 
economic life was a constant battle to keep from fall- 
ing off the edge. 

After reading a few books on personal-finance 
management, we created a system for managing our 
finances as though we were running a business. We 
kept ledgers and tracked all our expenditures, such as 
credit card purchases. Before long we were budgeting 
and planning for savings and investments. Our former 
economic chaos settled into a routine of writing most 
checks once a month and keeping our finances under 
control. Finally, we learned to handle money 

From Paper to Personal Computer 

Once you establish a financial routine, you’re 
a natural candidate for automating your personal 
finances. If you write just a few checks each month, 
and you receive your income from one source (along 
with some interest and dividend payments), you have 

Macworid 207 

no great need to automate. If, however, you have two 
or more checking accounts; three or four credit cards; 
several investments; you write many checks to pay 
bills; and you transfer money between checking, sav- 
ings, and other accounts, you will be able to handle 
your financial chores more easily with a financial- 
management program. 

When I decided to move my books from paper to 
a personal computer about five years ago, I had some 
concerns: could I refer to my electronic check register 
as easily as I could to my manual one? Could I recon- 
cile my checkbook as easily? Could the liability seg- 
ment of a program replace my People We Owe binder? 

My fears were unfounded. Working with an elec- 
tronic register is almost the same as working with a 
checkbook. Tracking credit card purchases and recon- 
ciling checks is much easier to do with a computer 
program than it is to do manually. Assigning expenses 
to the categories I predefine is much, much easier than 
manual tracking. And, most important, I can use recur- 
ring transactions to automatically write checks to my- 
self (to deposit in my savings account, children’s edu- 
cation fund, and investment funds). 

I have reduced the amount of time I spend on my 
personal finances by using a personal computer. I’m al- 
ways in control, and I always have a complete picture 
of my financial situation. Since the software lets me 

Writing Checks and 

When you write a 
check or make a de- 
posit in Easy Checks 
(top), you cannot as- 
sign the amount to a 
category such as rent 
or auto loan. You can, 
however, add a memo 
to the register below 
the entry form. Mac- 
Money (bottom) al- 
lows you to display 
your check-writing 
form as well as your 
check register and cat- 
egory list. MacMoney's 
screen is similar to 
those in Dollars and 
Sense and Managing 
Your Money. 

^ # File Edit Uieiv Special Easy Checks 

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keep information in a central database, at tax prepara- 
tion time I can print my tax-deductible expenses, sav- 
ing considerable information-gathering time. 

One caution (you’ve heard this before): Back up 
your financial data. Once you become dependent on 
electronic management of your personal finances, you 
should always be prepared for database damage. Al- 
though not an every-day occurrence, it will happen. 
Don’t, however, consider a damaged data disk any 
worse than the harm that can come to manual records 
(your check register makes a nice doodling pad for a 
youngster with a crayon). In the past five years I have 
survived the few disasters that occurred — even when 
I had problems using my backups. On the whole, the 
programs themselves contain numerous safeguards, 
and the vendors I’ve dealt with provide excellent 
technical support. 

Three Types of Finance Management 

Most personal finance-management programs let 
you write checks and track how you earn and spend 
your money. For instance, you can figure out how 
much you spend on clothing or groceries each month, 
or how much you owe on different charge cards. You’ll 
learn about managing personal assets, loans and cred- 
it, and whether or not your family has a profit or loss 
for the year. One program. Managing Your Money, goes 
beyond money management, helping you (under the 
humorous but enlightening guidance of Andrew 
Tobias) to start tax, investment, and insurance plan- 
ning. Many personal finance programs can even re- 
place accounting programs for managing a small 

Investment programs, such as Wall Street Investor 
and Profits, help you sort through a variety of options 
so that you get the best returns in accordance with the 
risks you take. Unlike general accounting programs, 
investment programs are dedicated to specific areas 
such as stocks, bonds, or real estate. If you don’t have a 
basic knowledge of the stock market, you should take a 
community college class that covers the fundamentals 
before you use one of these programs. The programs 
will help you apply these fundamentals to your own in- 
vestment plans, and they can give you much of the in- 
formation available to professional investors and 
money managers. (Remember where you got your 
start, please, and send me 5 percent of your first 

Tax preparation programs calculate income tax; 
some even print forms that you can submit directly to 
the IRS. As adjuncts to tax preparation programs, tax 
planning programs help you plan your finances so that 
you keep the legal maximum (and the IRS gets the le- 
gal minimum) of your hard-earned dollars. These pro- 
grams can save you a considerable amount of time — 
possibly halving the time you spend preparing your 
tax return — and can help you to be more accurate in 
preparing your taxes. 

208 February 1989 

Personal Finance Packages 

Easy Checks 1.0 Quicken 1.0 MacMoney 3.0 

Dollars and Managing Your Personal 
Sense 4.1 Money 1.0 Accountant 2.5 


Par Software 


Survivor Software 



MECA Ventures 


List price 







Maximum 1 entry 







Maximum number transactions 


limited by disk 


limited by disk 

limited by disk 

limited by disk 

Preprinted checks 





Customized checks 




Planning calculations 





Asset categories 





Liability categories 





Income categories 






Expense categories 






Budgeting capability 





Recurring transactions 





Automatic interface between 





Edit previous transactions 






Charge to multiple categories 


to 5 

to 8 




Multilevel sorting of transactions 






Search and replace transactions 




On-screen reconciliation 






credit cards 

(separate file only) 



asset accounts 




mark entries (such as Tax 





















balance sheet/net worth 





cash flow by period 





income statement 





custom designed 







Imports data 


Exports data 






Investment Software 

Wall Street 
Investor 2.3 

The Investor 

Real Estate 
Analysis 6.0 

Profits 1.2.3 



Options 80A 
Advanced Stock 




Pro Plus 



Button Down 



LHw Jones 



List price * 







$299 ! 







needs Excel, 
Works, Jazz 


needs Excel 



Access online 





• 1 


Dow Jones 






I.P. Sharp 





Criteria-based online 



Portfolio manager 

















1 Excel 

1 • ! 

Access financial data 



Securities (stocks, 




1 * ' 




Real estate 







‘*What-if” simulations 




Stock symbols in 



‘Available only in Dow Jones database. 

“Includes funds, options, short sales, margin. 
^Simulates appraisals, depreciation. loans, mortgages. 




Dow Jones 
. Software 




210 February 1989 

Dr. Jeffrey Kane uses 
Dollars and Sense to 
separate personal and 
business expenses. Al- 
though Kane loves the 
program, he has found 
one problem with its 
method of account 
reconciliatio?!. The 
program clears all the 
transactiofts and dis- 
plays an account total 
that should agree with 
the hank balance. If 
the totals don't agree, 
Dollars and Seme can 
reconcile your ac- 
count by adjusting a 
hidden amount. Kane 
finds it confusing 
when he can't see the 

Personal Finance-Management Programs 

Easy Checks, one of the simplest personal-finance 
programs, offers little more than a checkbook in a 
desk accessory. But it s a great program if you want to 
churn out a bunch of checks quickly and easily, and 
you don’t need to keep many financial records. You 
will, however, spend time loading checks into the 
printer (it s unlikely you'll dedicate a printer to check 

Twe programs. Personal Accountant and Quicken, 
occupy the middle ground between Easy Checks and 
the high-end programs. Quicken tracks the areas (or 
categories) w^here your money is spent and earned, 
but it doesn’t go beyond that. Personal Accountant, on 
the other hand, provides a wide range of features, but 
does not let you wTite checks. (Softsync, Personal Ac- 
countant’s manufacturer, plans to add this and other 
features to an upcoming version.) 

To get an idea of wiiat these programs do, take a 
look at Quicken. The program assigns a distinctive file 
name to your main account (for instance. Personal 
Checking Account) and then prompts you to define 
various income and expense categories, such as rent, 
auto expenses, or dividends. When you create a check 
or enter a deposit, you must assign the dollar amount 
to one of these categories. You can also split a transac- 
tion betw^een several categories. For instance, if you 
WTite a check that must be split betw^een your principal 
and mortgage interest accounts, you may subtract the 
appropriate amount from each of the tw^o categories 
when you create the check. So long as you don’t de- 
mand too much sophistication (like tracking invest- 
ments or moving money between accounts — remem- 

ber, each account is a separate file). Quicken does an 
excellent job of providing accurate, detailed informa- 
tion with a minimum of effort. 

Three sophisticated general personal-finance 
packages — MacMoney, Dollars and Sense, and Manag- 
ing Your Money — go beyond Quicken’s income, ex- 
pense, and budgeting options, allowing you to include 
assets (such as a home or auto) and liabilities (like 
loans, credit cards, mortgages) in a single file. They 
also offer various features for forecasting such items as 
loan costs and savings goals. 

Monogram’s Dollars and Sense is considered the 
“old reliable’’ by many MS-DOS users; the Mac version, 
however, does not offer portfolio management nor 
does it allows you to do tax planning. But when it 
comes to managing assets, liabilities, income, and ex- 
pense, Dollars and Sense is nothing short of excellent. 

Using Dollars and Sense, you can set up a fairly 
sophisticated accounting system. For instance, you can 
move money between various categories (say from a 
checking account to a savings account) and Dollars 
and Sense automatically updates the totals. You can 
also track credit purchases and reconcile all the appro- 
priate categories, including credit cards and bank 

With the release of version 3.0, MacMoney enters 
the high-end category of personal finance programs. 
The newest version has features comparable to Dollars 
and Sense but offers fewer keyboard shortcuts. For ex- 
ample, Dollars and Sense offers a shortcut for select- 

Macworld 211 

Baaking by Mac 

About a year and a half ago, 1 
investigated banking by home 
computer. I expected to pay for 
the service, since I would save 
on postage and gain the conve- 
nience of banking directly from 
my computer. No more writing 
checks by hand, folding papers, 
and addressing envelopes. I 
would also have electronic ac- 
cess to my bank records, so I 
wouldn’t have to go through 
the monthly ritual of reconcil- 
ing my checking account. One 
disadvantage: I’d lose my float 
time (the delay betweep the 
time I write the check and the 
time it is charged to my ac- 
count) because my “check” is 
posted the same day that I cre- 
ate it. But by using electronic 
transmissions, I wouldn’t have 
to send my payments until I 
was good and ready. How much 
was this worth to me? Perhaps 
$5 a month, maybe a few bucks 

I sent away for information 
from a few of the banks on 
CompuServe who offer this 
service. When I calculated how 
much I would have to pay, I was 
surprised. The cost came to 
around $10 per week. Since 1 
had a free checking account, I 
figured so much for home 

Recently, I examined Mono- 
gram’s Moneylink program and 
caught the home-banking bug 
again. Using Moneylink with 
Dollars and Sense, 1 could do 
my home banking through Citi- 
bank. Had prices dropped in 
the past 18 months? The soft- 
ware lists for $179.95, but may- 
be, with this cost amortized 
over a five-year period (which 
nets to about S3 per month). 

electronic banking wouldn’t be 
a bad deal. 

To get details on Citibank’s 
charges, I tried calling Citicorp/ 
Citibank branches in South Da- 
kota, in my home state of Mis- 
souri, and in Illinois. I was fi- 
nally referred to someone in 
the New York office. The good 
news: the service is available 
for a flat charge of $10 per 
month to authorized accounts. 
The bad news: to become an 
authorized account, you have 
to live within 50 miles of New 
York. So much for Moneylink. 
[Editor’s note: Both Citibank 
and Monogram have updated 
their software, unfortunately 
making the electronic bank- 
ing connection currently 

Checkfree Technologies 
to the Rescue 

But then Checkfree Technolo- 
gies came to the rescue. Ac- 
cording to information the 
company sent me, Checkfree 
offers an electronic banking 
service that costs peanuts and 
is available nationally. Here’s 
the deal. 

Starting around January 1989, 
Checkfree will offer electronic 
banking for the Mac. After pur- 
chase of a start-up kit (price un- 
known as I write this), the ser- 
vice costs only $9 per month, 
for which I can write up to 20 
checks. Above 20 checks, the 
charge is $3 for each additional 
batch of 10 or fewer transac- 
tions. Since I write about 30 
checks per month, my monthly 
cost would be $12. Telephone 
connection charges would also 
be nominal. 

Do I have to sign up with a 
participating bank? No, I can 
keep my account at my regular 
bank, since Checkfree works 
through the Federal Reserve. 

Of course, I have to figure in 
my bank’s charge for this ser- 
vice, but it should be minimal. 
Since I normally spend around 
$7.50 per month for postage, I 
still might come close to the 
$5 or so charge I was willing 
to pay. 

How about recurring trans- 
actions? With Checkfree I can 
write out electronic checks for 
recurring expenses in advance 
and send them on specified 
days. For example, I could des- 
ignate that my mortgage pay- 
ment be made on the fifth of 
each month, and it would be. 
How would I know the bank 
got my electronic check? My 
bank would continue sending 
its usual monthly statement. 
And, of course, I could write 
single checks whenever 

What if I need a copy of a 
cleared check? If I can’t use my 
statement as proof, I can get a 
printed copy of the electronic 
check for $2. From all indica- 
tions, Checkfree can do for 
home banking on the Mac what 
Henry Ford did for the auto- 
mobile — bring it within reach 
of everyone (providing the 
start-up kit is reasonably 
priced). And when I merge 
Checkfree with my personal 
finance software, so I can do 
budgeting and planning too — 
look out, 21st century, here 
I come. 

212 February 1989 

ing category names. To charge a check to a category 
simply type the first few letters instead of the full 
name; Dollars and Sense displays the first category 
that begins with those letters on its alphabetized list of 
existing categories. In MacMoney, you must type the 
category name precisely (no substituting rents for 
rent), or else select the category with the mouse from 
a scroll box. MacMoney s screen font is also harder to 
read. The program offers minimal features for loan, 
retirement, and goal planning. 

Another successful MS-DOS program brought 
over to the Mac, Managing Your Money, does every- 
thing a sophisticated personal (or small business) 
money manager needs, including helping you to maxi- 
mize investment return and minimize taxes. The pro- 
gram strongly emphasizes the management of per- 
sonal finances with a business focus, so you can handle 
finances just like the big guys at corporate headquar- 
ters. The program embraces tax, college, and retire- 
ment planning; insurance coverage; investment analy- 
sis; loan analysis; annuities; and all the usual corporate 
planning that increases bottom-line net worth. The 
program has some fun touches: for instance, a small 
light bulb sits in the lower-left corner of the main 
screen. When you click on it, the program brings up a 
bit of humorous financial wisdom. I find this lighter 
side (pun intended) really appealing. 

Investment Management Programs 

Investment programs for the Mac offer a wide 
variety of features and run a gamut of prices. One cate- 
gory includes programs that track securities (for ex- 
ample, stocks, bonds, funds, options). Although none 
of these programs requires a modem, you’ll want one 
in order to use a powerful feature — the ability to ac- 
cess and download information from a financial data- 
base. With a modem, you can access a variety of histor- 
ical and performance indicators that cover stocks, 
bonds, and mutual funds. 

Wall Street Investor, one of the most popular and 
powerful programs, allows you to set up criteria for 
the securities you would like to consider. You can then 
search the I. P. Sharp database to extract investment 
opportunities meeting these criteria. The program 
also offers online trading through Fidelity Discount 
Brokerage Service. 

A less powerful — and less expensive — program, 
the Investor, accesses the Dow Jones News/Retrieval 
Service to obtain current quotes (it does not, however, 
download data). Its portfolio-management reports and 
charts make it a good value for the money. An even 
less expensive securities program. Financial Decisions, 
runs as an Excel template and prepares a number of re- 
ports on a potential securities investments. It also sim- 
ulates loans, mortgages, and depreciation based on dif- 
ferent conditions such as interest rates or amortization 
methods. You have to key in the data, however. 

A few specialized investment packages also exist. 
The Options-80A Advanced Slock Option Analyzer 
works exclusively with stock options and offers “what- 
if ” simulations. Another type of investment program. 
Real Estate Investment Analysis, deals exclusively with 
investments in real property. Since this program is an 
Excel template, you must (ill in a spreadsheet with in- 
formation about an actual or a potential real estate in- 
vestment. The program anal>^zes the information and 
prepares a ten-year projection of investment potential. 

Theo Dawson has run her own business for ten years, but until 1986 when 
she bought MacMoney, Dawson hired an accountant to handle her person- 
al finances. Because MacMoney proved so easy to use, Dawson overcame 
her fear of handling books, began tracking every penny she spent, and fired 
her accountant. Dawson, who was never a financial guru, now enjoys jug- 

Real Estate Investment Analysis calculations include 
the different tax, depreciation, and amortization op- 
tions available to you as an investor, so you can choose 
the options that best meet your needs. 

Add-on programs for Real Estate Investment Anal- 
ysis handle mortgages, residential and commercial/ 
industrial applications, appraisals, and loan qualifica- 
tions. These add-ons range in price from around $100 
for commercial/indu.strial applications to around $700 
for a complete residential listing system. 

Macworld 213 


Tax Time 







EZTax-Prep 1040 

EZTax-Prep 1065 


TaxMastcr 1988 





1 SofiView 

Island Computer Services 

Chesapeake Software 

List price 






Type program 

Multiplan, Excel template 

Excel template 


Excel, Works tcTiiplate 

Excel, Multiplan template 

W-2 form 


IRS forms — personal: 











1040 worksheet 


1040A worksheet 













' * 1 





• 1 






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• 1 


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1 • 










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Client letter 


Ilelp/Info available 



Cross reference of entries 



1065 (IRS Partnershij^ 



MiK liidi-.s Schedules A. I>. F, 1 1. K. K-l. I.. M. H%2. i~9~ 62S2. 

214 IVliruary 1989 

Tax-Preparation and Planning Programs 

When preparing a tax return on the Mac, don’t ex- 
pect to just answer a few questions and then print all 
the information the IRS needs in a few minutes. First, 
you have to gather the same information you would 
need to prepare a return manually. Tkx-preparation 
programs start to show their value once you have as- 
sembled all your information and keyed it into the pro- 
gram. High-end programs not only perform all the te- 
dious calculations but also automatically fill in other 
forms that are affected by your initial entries. Many 
people who have prepared taxes on a Mac say they 
would never go back to the manual method (some say 
they never could go back). 

As ideal as this sounds, there are still a few things 
you should know: 

■ A program’s results will be no better than the in- 
formation you put in; remember the old saw, “Garbage 
in — garbage out.” If you enter the wrong information 
in the forms, the IRS will come to you for answers, not 
to your Macintosh or to the program’s publisher. 

■ A tax-preparation program is no substitute for 
knowing what is allowable and what is not. MacInTax 
provides help screens that give you (often word-for- 
word) IRS rules and regulations. But if you don’t know 
when or how to use these help screens, you can still 
make mistakes. It’s a good idea to buy a tax guidebook, 
or request a copy of the expanded IRS taxrpreparation 
booklet. (This free booklet is excellent; you will find 
instructions for ordering a copy in the gift packet you 
get from the IRS right after Christmas.) 

■ Unless you live in California or New York (or 
some other state where a lot of people are buying 
tax-preparation programs), you’ll have a tough time 
finding a program that prepares both federal and state 
returns. Software publishers often add new state pro- 
grams every year, so check with your dealer or the 
publisher to find out which states are supported by 
your program of choice tor the 1988 tax year. 

■ Tkx-preparation programs for anything other 
than personal returns are rare. The only program 
available for partnerships is EZTkx-Prep 1065, from 
EZ/Ware. Currendy no programs exist for a small busi- 
ness operating under a corporate structure. 

■ You must purchase a new tax program every 
year, the same way you have to order new forms every 
year. Many companies offer you up to half off on up- 
dates after you have purchased your first program. 

When choosing a tax program, find out what 
forms it supplies, and then use your last return as a 
guide to what forms you’ll need. Don’t worry if no pro- 
gram offers all the forms you need — it’s a lot easier to 
prepare one or two forms manually than it is to write 
out all of them. You may, however, need to order some 
of the lesser-used paper forms from the IRS. 

Some tax preparation programs can use informa- 
tion exported direcdy from a tax planner. TkxView 
Planner, an adjunct to MacInTax, can also import data 

Insurance Planning 

Although Managing 
Your Money offers a 
core money-manage- 
ment program, it also 
has major segments 
for insurance, general 
investment, and tax 

Historical Charts 

These charts from 
Profits show a stock*s 
history. You create 
charts by making sim- 
ple menu selections. 
You can type in data 
or download it from a 
financial service. 

from many of the personal finance programs. Other 
programs work with general finance packages that 
don’t include tax planning features; as a result, some 
tax planning programs have been designed to work 
with finance packages. Managing Your Money includes 
a tax planner that isn’t high-end, but it performs rea- 
sonably well. 

Financial Form 

Whether you’re interested in personal finance, in- 
vestment, or tax preparation and planning, you’ll find 
a wide range of Macintosh products from which to 
choose. Features and prices vary enough to fit almost 
every need and every budget. Currently, the only link 
missing is tax-preparation programs for state taxes. 

Don’t worry about the learning curve when mov- 
ing your finances onto the Mac. Unlike many kinds of 
software, financial programs tend to follow standard 
rules and formats, so if you’re accustomed to paper- 
based systems you’ll quickly feel comfortable using 
financial-planning software. You may even find that 
once you get used to these programs you’ll wonder 
how you’ve managed for so many years without them. 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Alan L Slay is a freelance writer based in St. Louis; he special- 
izes in financial and accounting software. 

Macworld 215 


afippig^H--- ■ ■■ 

Mo€WoHd is proud to offor you on opportunity to ccut your voto for oxcoilomo in cowputlnp— and porhops 
win tlio ultimato Macintosh hardwaro and softwaro systom. loch yoar wo invito all of our roodors to volco 
Hioir opinions and pick tho host Macintosh products In 42 catogorios. 

. .■ -m , 

Usuolly wo givo you our opinions on tho latost Mac products, but now, with tho World-CIcMS Macintosh 
Contost, wo want to hoar what you think. Which Mac products do you find significant? Which havo sorvod 
you woll during tho last yoar? Which would you rocommond to a frlond? By voting for tho Mac products of 
your cholco on tho ottachod contost-ontry form, you can both roward tho hard work of your favorlto product 
dovolopors ond bolp koop Macworfd's odltorlal covorago on track* 

You also oam a chanco to win hardwaro and softwaro worth thousands of dollars. To show you our appro- 
ciotion for taking tho timo to participoto in this contost, wo will pick throo winnors crt random from among 
tho World-Clius ontry forms. Tho lucky grand-prizo winnor will rocoivo most of tho top-votod hordwaro and 
softwaro products. A copy of ooch winning softwaro packago will go to tho runnor-up, and tho third-placo 
winnor will rocoivo a soloction of tho winning softwaro programs. 

Entrios must bo rocolvod no lator than March 1 S, 1 0B9; wo will announco tho rosults In our Soptombor issuo. 
To accunrtoly rofloct roadors' proforoncos, wo'll publish figuros for all significant voto-gottors In oach 
catogory. Tho following oxplanations dofino product catogorios that aro not soH-ovidont, to holp you ccut 
your votos approprlatoly. 


Bach parson may ontor Hio contost only onto. Enfrlos must bo prinfod by hand or typod on Iho form Includod 
In Macworfd or on a roosonablo facslmllo. Your onfry must tnciwdo at least one product vote, plus your name, 
addross, and daytimo phono numbor. Entrios must bo rocolvod no lator than March 1 5, 1989. Employoos 
of PCW Communications oro not ollgiblo. Thank you and good lucki 


Co m pany^ 


City State 

Zip Daytime phono 

Sond Entrios tos 1989 World-Class Macintosh Contost/Mswnrorl^ SOI Second St. ^ Son F rna r lsco^CA 941 07. 

1 989 World-Class Macintosh Entry Form 

PloaM US9 this •ntry forai to voto for proflucH you aro fomlltur with and would rocommond^ hosod on thoir porformanco and vnluo. 
Chooso ono product por ccrtogory; you nood not voto In all cofoporlos* lllgiblo products must bo conpotlblo with tbo Macintosh 
computor and coniniorclally cnrallahio as of fobruary 1,1 9S9. To onsoro accuracy, wo vrlll not count a voto unloss tho following 
throo Itoms aro providodt (1 1 corroct product namo, (2) manufasturor nano, and (3) nodol nunbor (for hardwaro only). Vorslon 
nunbors of softwaro products aro not rogulrod. Plocuo print or typo your ontry; It nust bo rocolvod by March 1 5, 1 939. 


Altornativo Mass Storago 

Display— Black-and-Whlto 

Display — Color 

Communications Board 

CPU Upgrado 


Graphics Board 

Hard Disk (BOMB or loss) 

Hard Disk (abovo BOMB) 

Input Dovico 


Most Promising Nowcomor 


Printoi^-Dot Matrix 

Printor— Lasor 



Black-ond-VlfhIto Paint 

Businoss Accounting 

Businoss Prosontotion Oraphics 

Color Paint 

Communication s Gonoral 

Computor*aldod Dosign 

Dotobcmo Managomont 

Dosk Accossory 

Dosktop Publishing 



Pllo Sorvor 


Intogratod Packago 

Micro-to-MaInframo Communications 

Most Promising Nowcomor 


Porsonal Pinanco/Taxos 

Programming Languago 

Pro|oct Managomont 

Outlino Procossing 



Utility— Disk and Pllo 

UHlity Programming 

Word Procossor 


All typas of mass storaga davicas oxcapi hard disks. Examplas include axtamal floppy drivos, ramovabla 
cartridge drives, and tape backup units. 

Add-in boards that help the Mac communicate with other Macs and other computers. Examplas include Eth- 
ernet boards, and 80B6 and 802B6 coprocessor boards. 

Cmi Unf r«4« 

Products that Incroasa the Mac's procosslng capability, either by using faster 68000s, or 68881, 68020, 
or 68030 devices. 

PlHilwy lltwliHMid«Whlt» 

Monochrome or gray-scale monitors that sorvo either as a component of the Mac II or as an alternative 
to tho standard display provided by other Macintosh systems. 


Add-in boords that let the Mac II display color or gray scale images. 

la^«t Davka 

Mice, trackballs, graphics tablets, keyboards, foystlcks— everything but digitisers and scanners. 

Priwtar Calar 

Any printing device, other than a dot matrix printer or plotter, that produces color output. Examples in- 
clude thermal printers and Ink-jet printers. 

Businau Accounting 


A series or on integrated package rather than a single module (such as a ledger). You can choose a modu- 
lar package or an all-ln-ono program as long as It is designed for serious business use. 

Business Prasantotion 

Packages that produce or lay out text; pie, bar, or line charts; or other graphics used by businesspeople 
to present information. 

Compufar-aidad Dasign 

with geometry, especially for applications In mechanical, architectural, and electrical engineering. 

Dask Accassory 

Any programs that install under the Apple menu and that don't fit in any other category. Examples include 
calculators, notepads, schedulers, calendars, and phone dialers. 


Training programs provide tutorials on such subjects as typing or computer applications. Education soft- 
ware includes courseware, examination-preparation programs, and learning aids for children. 

Pila Sarvar 

Products that enable multiple network users to share one storage device. 

Infagralad Packaga 

Products that Include several applications— such as word processor, spreadsheet, charting program, and 
data manager— that share data and a command structure. The applications moy bo on one disk or in 
separate modules. 


Programs that perform terminal emulation and data conversion for mainframes and minicomputers. 

Outlina Procassing 

Stand-alone programs or desk accessories that organise ideas and notes in outline form. 

Parsonal FInanca/Taxas 

Programs that help you retrieve and handle stock information; that perform portfolio management; that 

Pre|a«t Managamanf 

Programs that manage resources and scheduling, usually for large, complicoted tasks. 


Programs that perform a wide vorioty of housekooplng chores, such as file conversion, file recovery, disk 
backup, and keyboard enhancement. 

Most Preoiisiiip Nowcomot 

Which new products— In both the hardware and software ccftegories— are making an impact? (You may vote 
for a product you've cited in another classlficotlon.) For our purposes, "new" products are those released 
within the last six months. 


Apple Scanner 

Document scanner with software. Pros: Works well on photas; software supports regular scan- 
ning and scanning into HyperCard; good documentation. Cons: Needs more gradations of gray 
scale, contrast, gray maps; requires large amoimts of disk space; resolution not sufficient for profes- 
sional typesetting. Company: Apple Computer List price: S1799. Requires: Harddisk; 1MB of RAM 
( more recommended); System 6.0 or later version; SCSI cable; laser printer recommended. 

Information flow from a computer 
is varied: text, graphics, printed 
output, sound, and slides, with 
new forms constantly under development. 
However, despite the diversity of data that 
you would like to be able to input, the in- 
formation going into the computer has 
largely been limited to the data \'ou can 
type on a keyboard. It would be a lot like 
taking a nicely prepared meal and pushing 
it through a strainer. And because the Mac- 
intosh is also a graphics machine, being 
limited to text-oriented input is doubly 

No wonder scanners have become in- 
creasingly popular over the last few years, 
especially for the Mac. You can think of a 
scanner as half of a copy machine: it scans 

the document, but doesn’t produce an ac- 
tual physical copy. Instead, it sends the 
scanned image, encoded as digital values, 
to a computer. Once the image information 
is there, you can save it, convert it to vari- 
ous formats, cut and paste it into other 
documents, or .send it to a printer. In fact, 
the combination of a scanner, a Macintosh, 
and a la.ser printer is functionally equiva- 
lent to a copy machine, albeit a very 
expensive one. 

Apple Enters the Market 

Apple considers this market important 
(and lucrative) enough that it has intro- 
duced its own product, the Apple Scanner. 
This scanner is a low (4-inch), narrow (13*/4- 
inch) unit that’s relatively deep ( 20 V 2 

inches, with additional clearance needed 
for the cables in back). It also requires a 
sufficient amount of overhead clearance; 
the lid, when fully open, is 19 inches high 
in the back. The glass surface under the lid 
is SVi by 14 inches, and a thin moving bar 
within the unit does the scanning. The at- 
tractive grooved design and platinum color 
coordinate with current Macintosh styles. 

Cables and switches are minimal: a 
power cord, an extra SCSI cable or two (if 
you’re chaining to other SCSI devices), 
and an on/off switch. There are no other 
switches or buttons; you control the unit 
entirely from the Mac. This doesn’t mean 
the Apple Scanner lacks functionality. The 
unit scans at several resolutions (75, 100, 
125, 150, 200, and 300 dots per inch [dpi]); 
it performs multiple levels of scaling (from 
25 to 4(X) percent, depending on resolu- 
tion); and it accepts various settings for 
contrast, brightness, threshold, and gray 
map, allowing you to choose from several 
predefined halftone patterns, as well as to 
define your own. 

Even so, scanner hardware by itself is 
useless; you need some kind of software to 
control the scanner, read the data from it, 
and convert that data to appropriate for- 
mats. Apple provides two major software 
packages with the unit: AppleScan and 

AppleScan is a stand-alone application 
that gives you full control over the scanner. 
It lets you do a preview scan of a docu- 
ment, then use the results to set various 
options and levels, including what portion 
of the document you actually want to scan, 
and whether the document should be 
treated as line art, halftones, or a gray-scale 
image. When you’re satisfied with the set- 
tings, you ask for a full scan, which is cop- 
ied into an empty window. Much of this 
scanned image is stored on disk. You need 

This image was 
scanned at the 300- 
dots-per-inch default 
setting on the Apple 
Scanner, with film pro- 
duced from a Lino- 
tronic 300 output 

220 February 1989 


ables you to scan images and text for incor- 
poration into HyperCard stacks. 

The 280-page Apple Scanner manual 
is complete and has a strong tutorial orien- 
tation. It goes to great pains to show you — 
step-by-step — how to perform most tasks, 
what the various options and tools are, and 
when to use them. In some cases, the for- 
est gets obscured by the trees, and you 
complete a section unsure about what you 
have just learned. Still, that minor error is 
preferable to the major failing of many 
other manuals: documenting features with- 
out teaching how to use them. And just to 
help out the terminally confused, a Guided 
Tour of the Scanner program (complete 
with animation) shows you just how the 
whole system works. 


So, what’s the output like? On an 
ImageWriter II, it’s OK but not great. Line 
art scans come out the best, especially at 
300 dpi. Halftone scans aren’t terribly 
good, and you can’t print gray-scale scans 
on the ImageWriter. 

And other drawbacks? First, the Apple 
Scanner supports only 16 levels of gray 
scale, brightness, and threshold; 8 levels of 
contrast; and 3 different gray maps. This 
means that you must do a fair amount of 
tweaking to get an acceptable scan. Even 
then you might not be able to do it. 

Second, the top resolution is 300 
dpi — fine, if you’re using a LaserWriter, but 
not so fine if your destination is a 600 (or 
1200) dpi typesetting system. 

Third, AppleScan demands more disk 
space than it actually needs. When I at- 
tempted a 300-dpi gray-scale scan of an 
8-by-lO-inch photograph, AppleScan indi- 
cated that there wasn’t enough disk space, 
even though there were 6.5MB available on 
the hard disk. I was finally able to free 
enough space to satisfy AppleScan; the re- 
sulting image file, however, was only a bit 
over 1MB in size. 

Even with these limitations, the Apple 
Scanner could be valuable to you if you 
need a clean, easy method of entering 
graphics. Combined with packages such 
as Silicon Beach’s Digital Darkroom and 
SuperMac’s PixelPaint, the Apple Scanner 
and its software can greatly increase the 
flow of information into your computer. 

— Bruce Webster 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Test Strips 

AppleScan software allows you to print out test 
strips to compare print quality over a range of 
halftone patterns or brightness and contrast set- 
tings. This is useful for determining the best pos- 
sible combination of settings needed to produce 
high-quality finished output. 

Apple Scanner with AppleScan software 

to have several megabytes of free space be- 
fore you start scanning. You can display 
an image at several levels: Actual Size, Re- 
duced to Fit, Dot for Dot, Chubbybits, Fat- 
bits, and so on. The standard Mac display is 
around 72 dpi, so an image scanned at 300 
dpi will be greatly enlarged when viewed 
in dot-for-dot mode (and even more so in 
the Chubby- and Fatbits modes). 

Once you have scanned the image, 
AppleScan allows you to do limited editing, 
using the lasso, crop, and eraser tools. You 
can also do pixel-level twiddling with a 
pencil tool for line art and halftone images 
(but not for gray-scale images). All types of 
images can be saved as either PICT or TIFF 
files; line art and halftone images can also 
be saved as MacPaint documents. You can 
even cut and paste to combine images. The 
Apple Scanner allows you to produce a test 
strip of images using a range of contrast 
and brightness or a variety of halftone pat- 
terns. Halftone patterns include Spiral, 
Bayer, Straight Line, and 2 by 2. You cannot, 
however, save a test strip file; the test must 
be sent directly to an output device. 

HyperScan is like AppleScan but is de- 
signed to operate under HyperCard. It en- 

Using contrast 7 and brightness 13 

Macworld 221 



Integrated music sequencings transcription, 
and notation program. Pros: Generates 
any notation: ancient, standard, or avant-garde; 
outstanding laser-printer output; customizable 
macros, defaults, and spacing algorithms; exten- 
sive MIDI implementation. Cons: Some 
departures from Mac interface; runs slowly on 
a Mac Plus in some modes. Company: Coda 
Music Software. List price: $1000. Requires: 
1MB; MIDI keyboard recommended. 

I Any company with the money 
and the talent to develop a new 
program, so the reasoning goes, 
would be foolish to lavish them on a verti- 
cal market like music. General-interest ap- 
plications like word processing or spread- 
sheets, of course, sell many more copies. 

For years, this has been the unhappy 
scenario for Macintosh musicians who 
have had to tolerate buggy programs with 
severe limitations. So when Coda Music 
Software announced its new package, 
which took three years and over $1 million 
to develop, musicians had reason to hope. 

The program. Finale, lives up to those 
hopes. It’s an enormous, precise, intelligent 
music processing environment. Some of its 
tools are more elegant than others, but all 
are powerful and allow you to transcribe, 
edit, arrange, play back, and print music in 
myriad ways. 

^ 4 rile Edit Uleiu Special 

The World A-Chording to Finale 

You enter chord symbols either by letting Finale 
analyze the music or by playing each chord on a 
synthesizer; in either case, the chord name pops 
up on screen in your choice of fotit atzd size (the 
little ear over the word sing marks the current 
chord insertion point). Finale*s chord decisions 
are about 85 percent correct on the first pass; 
you can also edit them, of course. When you 
transpose your music — a quick and easy pro- 
cess — the chord symbols transpose, too. 

^ # File Edit Uieuj Special Transcribe Time Tag ^ Take a Note 

Finales built-in se- 
quencer records your 
performance, display- 
ing the notes as a 
graph. Next, Finale 
plays the music back, 
and you tap on a key 
in time to the music, 
telling the program 
where the beats fall 
(for each tap, a little 
quarter note appears 
at the top of the 

r r r rpfpr r r r P P r r 


' ''Sffilid Out: 

O Record at End 
O Punch In/Oui 

ime Tag 

^ O Record 
(S)Play r- 
OSet to 

[Ulaitrill)[ Start 

^ Capture Time Dilation 
□ Capture Performance 
^Capture MIDI Hpression 
^Transcribe in Measures 

^MIDI Echo Thru 
[Transcribe] [ Cancel 

00 : 00 : 22:000 
00 : 00 : 22:000 
□ Background File 
Start: 00:00:00:000 

Trashy Transcription ) [Reset Counters] 

Making Overtures 

There are several ways to get music 
into Finale: clicking on the staff, striking 
notes on a synthesizer and rhythmic values 
on the keyboard (step time), and import- 
ing MIDI files from a sequencer. Quickest 
of all, however, is using HyperScribe. 

The heart of Finale, HyperScribe is an 
impressive real-time transcription tool. As 
you play the synthesizer with both hands, 
your performance appears on screen, fully 
notated, lagging a measure or two behind 
you. It’s an amazing sight, akin to watching 
a word processor write out anything you 
say into a microphone. 

To provide Finale with a metrical ref- 
erence, you tap your foot on the synthe- 
sizer pedal in time with your playing; thus 
you’re free to speed up, slow down, or 
even stop in the middle of a performance, 
and the music will still appear in standard 
readable notation. HyperScribe’s sophisti- 
cated algorithms smoothly eliminate the 
problems with quantization, triplets, and 
enharmonics that have plagued other pro- 
grams. Very complex music with crossing 
hands and inner voices doesn’t reproduce 
well in this mode, but it’s safe to say that Fi- 
nale transcribes music more intelligently 
than any existing system. 

Cleaning Up Your Entr’acte 

Once the music is on screen, editing 
is fast. Using the Mac keyboard, you can 
zip around the score, changing pitches, 
rhythms, ties, and beams without touching 
the mouse. You can create lyrics in Finale 
or import them from a word processor; 
then, with blinding speed, the program au- 
tomatically distributes and attaches the lyr- 

ics to the notes in the music, interpreting 
spaces and hyphens as syllable dividers. 

Finale’s orchestration aids include in- 
telligent part extraction, flexible measure 
numbering, and superb handling of trans- 
posing instruments. You can condense mu- 
sic from several staves onto one, or ex- 
plode it from one staff onto many. You can 
cut, copy, or paste any combination of 30 
musical elements such as notes, lyrics, or 
dynamics: for example, you could paste the 
articulation marks from Trumpet 1 onto the 
notes of Trumpets 2 and 3 , eliminating the 
drudgery of reentering them. 

To list all of Finale’s editing capabili- 
ties would take pages. Suffice it to say that 
you can move and resize literally every 
object in Finale, including notes, stems, 
beams, slurs, accidentals, clefs, lyrics, bar 
lines, measures, systems, pages, and so on. 
This is a vast improvement over existing 
music programs, which often make illogi- 
cal and permanent decisions concerning 
the placement of musical symbols. 

Almost as powerful as these nota- 
tional tools is Finale’s MIDI implementa- 
tion, which goes far beyond simple play- 
back. Each staff can send musical informa- 
tion over a different MIDI channel; if you 
have enough synthesizers, Finale can play a 
complete orchestration. The performance 
of a score will be very musical, too, be- 
cause symbols and markings in Finale can 
convey MIDI information: an accent makes 
a note play back louder, a staccato mark 
shortens a note, and so on. Thus crescen- 
dos, ritards, trills, and even text expres- 
sions like Swing affect the score’s playback. 
You could, for instance, create a marking 
named Barry Manilow, which, when inser- 
ted into the score, makes the music trans- 
pose up a half-step when it plays back. 

222 February 1989 


Finale Ultimo 

If there is a price to pay for this power 
and elegance, it’s a result of the program’s 
size and scope. Finale is a rich environ- 
ment, with its miniprograms for word pro- 
cessing, graphics creation, page layout, and 
sequencing. In squeezing the program 
onto an 800K disk, the developers have 
taken a few liberties with the Mac inter- 
face. You seldom use the four menus, for 
example; instead, you have to master the 
32 tools and 300 dialog boxes. The learn- 
ing curve isn’t steep, but it’s long. And the 
manual, while well organized, is often dry 
and technical, and it doesn’t offer many ex- 
amples. Finale comes with a videocassette, 
too; unfortunately. Coda has inexplicably 
filled the tape with a 25-minute Finale ai 
vertisement instead of a tutorial. 

Remember, too, that Finale pushes the 
Mac to the utter limits of its processing 
power. If you’re using a Mac II or an accel- 
erated SE, you’ll be in composer’s heaven; 
but on a Mac Plus, an orchestral score in re- 
duced full-page view can take 30 seconds 
to redraw after each tweak you make. Un- 
der those circumstances, an accelerator 
board would help. 

For $1000, you get five Finale disks, 
a 550-page manual, free (and toll-free) 
phone support, and a well-constructed mu- 
sic laser font. What is priceless, how'ever, is 
the integrity of Finale’s data; even in its ini- 
tial release, it’s far stabler and more bug- 
free than current versions of its older com- 
petitors. For Mac musicians, the days of 

Finale from Coda Music Softtvare 

rogue slurs slashing across the score, inex- 
plicably corrupted files, and superimposed 
music symbols are over. 

Finale, with its hundreds of features 
designed for maximum efficiency and pow- 
er, seems destined to become the industry 
standard in music processing and publish- 
ing. If you’ve been going from program to 
program in hopes of finding an intelligent, 
flexible music processor, the switch to 
Finale may well be your final movement. 

— David Pogue 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Since writing this review in September 1988, 
David Pogue has become a paid consultant for 
Coda Music Software. 

Digital Darkroom 


Graphics program for enhancing scanned 
grayscale images for output as halftones. 
Pros: Extensive list of effects; supports eight file 
formats; informative manual. Cons: Slow; 
memory^ intensive; tiny, imprecise controls. 
Company: Silicon Beach Software. List price: 
$395. Requires: 1MB; System 6.0 or later ver- 
sion; Mac II and grayscale morzitor 

a If you deal with images profes- 
sionally, Digital Darkroom should 
be on your shelf. The program en- 
ables you to edit many kinds of graphics: 
scanned gray-scale images, images cap- 
tured from a video camera, simple black- 
and-white line art, images scanned at 256 
gray levels and 300 dots per inch (dpi). 

The program outputs halftones for Post- 
Script and non-PostScript devices. Digital 
Darkroom is a serviceable replacement for 
the airbrush and provides low-cost elec- 
tronic photo retouching. 

The program’s closest competitor is 
Letraset’s ImageStudio. There are two 
main differences: ImageStudio currently 
supports fewer gray scales (64 versus Digi- 
tal Darkroom’s 256); and ImageStudio pro- 
vides better tools for gray-scale drawing ^ 
la MacPaint, while Darkroom provides 
more and better special effects. 

Four Kinds of Features 

Digital Darkroom’s features fall into 
four categories: cut and paste, autotrace, 
transformation, and gray-scale painting. 

Pasting — the feature that lets you 
place a high-contrast cloudscape in an 
otherwise bland sky — is the heart of Digi- 
tal Darkroom. ImageStudio has no pasting 
feature. The concept takes some getting 
used to, because it is a two-step method. 
For example, before you paste the cloud- 
scape into your target image, you select 
which grays from the source image you 
want to apply to the target image, and you 
must select the grays in the target image 
that you want to change. You can also con- 
trol whether the source image replaces, 
blends with, lightens, or darkens the target 
image. Art professionals claim that the 
pasting feature alone makes Darkroom 
worth the price. 

Digital Darkroom’s autotrace feature 
is similar to the tracing feature in Adobe 
Illustrator except that with Darkroom you 
can trace gray-scale images too. Autotrace 
converts bitmapped graphics to object-ori- 
ented graphics (paint images to draw im- 
ages) and creates PostScript bezier curves. 
You then load the Darkroom traces into an 
object-oriented drawing program for edit- 
ing. If you work with line images created 
from scanned art. Darkroom fits together 
nicely with Illustrator or Aldus Freehand. 

Autotrace can actually create an indi- 
vidual path that has more points than Post- 
Script can print. If the trace path is too 
complex, you can simplify it by removing 
points with the smoothing controls, but 
this is a trial-and-error task — since the 
drawing changes in the process. The job is 
not made any easier by having to slide im- 
precise-looking scale-indicator icons. (An- 
other approach to simplifying a tracing is 
to save the file, open it in Illustrator, and 
use the scissors tool to cut the path into 
shorter segments). 

The set of transformations available in 
Darkroom is familiar: you can scale an im- 
age by a given percentage, rotate it, and flip 
it. In addition, you can stretch, distort, and 
slant. You can also change the perspective, 
which is useful when working with photo 

Digital Darkroom’s gray-scale painting 
feature falls short of ImageStudio’s. Dark- 
room allows you to use a paintbrush and 


Macw'orld 223 

The Only Macintosh Source That's Completely Operational On Macintosh. 




40 Meg Dc-2000 Tape Cartridge 23. 


Pro Point For The SE/II 1 1 3. 

Addison Wesley 

Inside Macintosh. Vol.1 - 4 21 . 

Inside Macintosh, Vol. 5 23. 

Asher Engineering 

Turbo Trackball ADB (SE & Mac II) 85. 

Bantam Books 

Adobe Illustrator: Handbook 19. 

HyperCard Handbook 23. 


Macstation II - Platinum 75. 


Hyper Dialer 29. 

Mac 101 Keyboard 149. 


Mactilt SE 72. 

Mouse Cleaner 360® 12. 

Golden Ribbons 

Imagewriter Ribbons -Black 4. 

Kalmar Designs - Teakwood Disk File 

Cabinet (Holds 45 Disks) 19. 

Cabinet (Holds 90 Disks) 29. 

Kensington Microware 

System Saver Mac Fan 68. 

Turbo Mouse 119. 


Quickstick (ADB Joystick) CALL 

Quickstick (Mac Plus Joystick) 38. 

Mac Packs • Gray.Navy & Wine 

Imagewriter Bag 49. 

Mac Plus/SE Bag 68. 

Mac SE (Extended Keyboard) Navy .... 74. 

Noise & Surge Protector 24. 

800k Disk Drive (Platinum) 189. 

Mouse Pad 6. 

Tool Kit To Open Mac 20. 


Fanny Mac (Beige & Platinum) ....65. 

A+ Mouse ADB (SE Or Mac II) 85. 

A+ Mouse (512 And Plus) 65. 

Orange Micro 

Grappler Mac LQ 91. 

Grappler Mac 78. 


Mac Table With Cabinet 375. 

Smith & Bellows - Diskette Chest - 

Mahogany (Holds 96 Disks) 35. 


Double Sided Disks-10 Pack 18. 

Double Sided Disks-Bulk ea. 1.75 

Single Sided Disks-10 Pack 14. 

Single Sided Disks-Bulk ea. 1 .20 

Sopris Softworks - Blue. Wine, Grey 

Imagewriter I or II Bag 45. 

Mac 512/+/SE Bag 50. 

Mac SE (Ext.Keyboard) Bag 68. 


A. Bonadio & Associates 

Expressionist 79. 


Payroll 3.01 98. 

Payroll Plus 158. 

AEC Information Management 

AEC Information Manager 575. 

Aegis Development 

Doug Clapp’s Word Tools 45. 

Ashton Tate 

Full Impact 248. 

Dbase Mac 298. 

Full Write Professional 248. 

Bootware Software 
Resume Writer - Pro.Ver 60. 


Mac Calc 78. 

Cricket Software 

Cricket Graph VI. 3 119. 


Mac Unk Plus W/Cable 139. 

Deneba Software 

Coach Professional 109. 

Coach Thesaurus 36. 

Electronic Arts 

Thunder 32. 


Red Ryder 10.3 58. 

Individual Software 
101 Scripts & Buttons (For HyperCard) ..45. 

Quicken 32. 

Lundeen & Associates 

Works Plus Command 62. 

Works Plus Spell 1.1 47. 


Managing Your Money 128. 


Focal Point/Business Class 49. 

Reports 89. 

Micro Lytics 

Gofer 44. 

Word Finder 34. 


Mac Atlas (Pro. Version) 1 55. 


Excel 1.5 249. 

File 139. 

Power Point 249. 

Word 3.02 249. 

Works 1.1 198. 

Write 125. 


Business Sense 262. 

Dollars & Sense 4.0 80. 

Nolo Press 

For The Record 29. 

Will Maker 35. 


Double Helix Release 2 337. 

Olduvai Software 

Read-lt! 199. 

Read-lt! Ts 79. 

Peripherals Computers & Supplies 

Kaleidagraph VI. 1 124. 

Versa Term Pro 2.20 198. 

Versa Term V 3.20 68. 

Personal Bibliographic 

Pro-Cite 295. 

Select Micro Systems 

Map Maker 3.X 221. 


Tax View Planner 48. 

Software Discoveries 

Record Holder Plus 44. 

Software Ventures 

Microphone 1.1 109. 

Microphone II 221. 

Survivor Software 

Mac Money V. 3.0 64. 


More II 249. 

MacSQZ! 49. 


Hyper DA 38. 


Write Now Ver.2.0 CALL 

WordPerfect Corp. 

WordPerfect 195. 

Working Software 

Lookup 1.0c 30. 

Spellswell Ver. 2.X 45. 

Spellswell Legal Dictionary 57. 

Spellswell Medical Dictionary 57. 


3g Graphics 

Graphics And Symbols 1 58. 

Aba Software 

Draw It Again Sam! 88. 

Graphistpaint II 375. 


Fontastic Plus 75. 

Fontographer 239. 

Cricket Software 

Cricket Draw V 1 .1 .1 1 68. 

Cricket Paint 124. 

Cricket Presents V 2.0 289. 

Pict-O-Graph 104. 

Deneba Software 

Canvas 2.0 189. 

Dubl-CIIck Software 

Wetpaint - Vol 1 & 2 “Classic Clip Art" 
Vol 3 & 4 “For Publishing" 

Vol 5 & 6 “Animal Kingdom" 

Vol 7 & 8 “Special Occassions" 

Vol 9 & 10 “Printer’s Helper" 

Vol 11 & 12 “Industrial Revolution" 

Vol 13 & 14 “Old Earth Almanac" 

Vol 15 & 16 “Island Life" each 43. 

World Class..Eo.nts 
Vol 1 & 2 (The Originals) 

Vol 3 & 4 (The Stylish) 

Vol 5 & 6 (The Giants) each 43. 

Foundation Publications 

Comic People (Vol.l Office Days) 25. 

Comic Strip Factory 40. 

Innovative Data Design 

Dreams 335. 

Macdraft 1.2b 149. 


Image Studio 298. 

Ready Set Go 4.5 289. 


Video Works II 179. 

Video Works II HyperCard Driver 62. 

Olduvai Software 

Post-Art 39. 

Postcraft International 

Laiser Fx 117. 

Shana Enterprises 

Fast Forms Construction Kit 96. 

Silicon Beach Software 

Digital Darkroom 179. 

Silicon Press 48. 

Super 3D 177. 

Super 3D (Enhanced) 297. 

Super Paint CALL 

Supermac Software 
Pixel Paint 289. 


Picture Base 1.2 & Pb Retriever ..62. 

Click Art Business Images 33. 

Click Art Christian Images 36. 

Zedcor Inc 

Deskpaint V.2.0 65. 


Bible Research Systems 

The Word (KJV & NIV) 179. 


Eureka: The Solver 128. 

Bright Star Technology 
Alphabet Blocks (Requires 1 Meg) ...30. 
Great Wave Software 

Kids Time 26. 


S.A.T./Perfect Score 47. 


• Alphabetizer • Bodyworks 

• Clockworks • Coinworks 

• Earthworks • Flashworks 

• Lemonade Stand • Naval Battle 

• Preschool Disk 1 • Word Search 

• Preschool Disk 2 each 28. 

The Learning Company 

Reader Rabbit 36. 


• Algebra • Arithmetic 

• Calculus * Discrete Mathematics 

• Pre-Calculus • Probability Theory 

•Truestat each 35. 


Access Software 

World Class Leader Board 30. 


Hardball or 4th & Inches ea. 27. 


Ancient Art Of War 30. 

Ancient Art Of War At Sea 30. 

Autoduel 28. 

Jam Session 30. 

Maze Wars Plus 30. 

Moebius 28. 

Shufflepuck Cafe 28. 

Buliseye Software 

Ferrari Grand Prix 32. 

P-51 Mustang Flight Simulator 31. 

Discovery Software 

Arkanoid 30. 

Electronic Arts 

Chessmaster 2000 28. 

Chuck Yeager’s Flight Trainer 32. 

Patton Vs Rommel 14. 

Scrabble 25. 


Sub Battle 32. 

Greene Inc 

Crystal Quest 2.2 26. 


Go & Grand Slam Tennis each 27. 


Quarterstaff 35. 

Ordering Information 

•If we must ship a partial order, we never charge freight on the 
shipments that complete the order (U.S. only). 

•120 day limited warranty on all products.* 

•Personal and company checks under $1 ,000 clear immediately. 
• Please allow one week for checks over $1 ,000. 

•Fortune 1 ,000 and Government checks dear immediately. 
•Purchase orders pay actual shipping charges by weight. 

•No sales tax, except for WA residents add 6.1% to total Induding 

•Loan drives subject to availability. 

The MacZone is a trademark of Multiple Zones International. 
7102 180th Ave. N.E. Bldg. A107. Redmond. WA 98D52 


* Express overnight service $4.00 per order. Software only. 
•Hardware items over 4 lbs incur additional shipping charges. 
•Ail shipments insured at no extra cost. 

•APO/FPO orders shipped 1st dass mail, charged by weight. 

• Overseas: We ship to any destination in the Free World. We use 
the quickest and least expensive methods possible. Second day 
air service is available to most of Europe, Australia, and Japan. 

•Software and hardware is subject to manufacturer's warranty. 
Defective items will be replaced immediately with like item. All 
oper^ software sales are final. Hardware ar>d unopened soft- 
ware ordered by mistake is subject to a 20% restocking fee. 
Defective hardware replaced or repaired at our discretion. 

All returns must hsve sn suthortzatlon number, 
cell (206) 883-1975. 

Our phone lines are open (or orders; 
Monday - Friday: 6AM to 8PM PST 
Saturday: 7AM to 5PM PST 

Our Customer Service line is open: 
Monday -Friday: SAM to 4PM PST 
No surcharge added. 

• All prices subject to change 
without notice. 

• All items subject to availability. 


Might & Magic 38. 

Shanghai 24. 

Miles Computing 

Downhill Racer 23. 

Fool's Errand 27. 

Harrier Strike Mission II 26. 


Balance Of Power (1990 Edition) 30. 

•Colony ‘Crossword Magic 
•Deja Vu ‘Shadowgate 
•Uninvited ‘Trust & Betrayal ...ea. 30. 

•Deja Vu II 32. 

PBI Software 

Strategic Conquest Plus 34. 


Lunar Rescue 32. 

Mac Courses 28. 

Mac Golf 35. 

Mac Golf Classic 54. 

Mac Racquetball 36. 

Road Racer 39. 

Primera Software 

Smash Hit Racquetball II 22. 

Silicon Beach Software 

• Apache Strike • Dark Castle 

• Beyond Dark Castle 27. 


Gato 1.4 28. 

PT-109 32. 

Solitaire Royale 21. 

Tetris - Mac Plus & SE 22. 

Tetris -Mac II 25. 


Sargon IV 30. 


All hardware items with memory chips - Prices 
are subject to change on a daily basis. 

Extern al Hard Prlvg ? 

CMS - Scsi External Hard Drives 

Macstack 20 Meg 529. 

Macstack 30 Meg 615. 

Macstack 43 Meg 785. 

Macstack 60 Meg 849. 

Macstack 80 Meg 1325. 


EMAC 20D 520. 

EMAC 40-IMP Impact Series 820. 

EMAC 40-IMP + Impact Series ..850. 

EMAC 60-IMP Impact Series 998. 

EMAC 80-IMP Impact Series ...1295. 
We also carry drives from 150 meg to 1.2 
Gigabytes - Call for latest pricing. 

Internal Prlvas M -MAC 

CMS . ‘ 

Pro 30-SE/l R 525. 

Pro 45-SE/l R 725. 

Pro 100-SE/l R 1493. 


Zone 30-SE/ll 445. 

Zone 45-SE/ll 599. 

Zone 100 SE/II 1045. 

Internals For The Mac II 

Pro 20 II 459. 

Pro 60 ll/l 725. 


EMAC 40 ID Internal 730. 

EMAC 60 ID Internal 898. 

EMAC 80 ID Internal 1180. 

Tape Back Up Systems 

Tapestack 60 Meg SCSI 725. 


EMAC 40/60 DTL Deluxe 1795. 

EMAC 60/60 DTL Deluxe 1895. 

Ars Nova 

Practice Musica 1 .5 78. 

Bogas Productions 

Super Studio Session 79. 

Studio Session 49. 

•Heavy Metal, ‘Country, 

•String Quartet ea.15. 


Mac Drums .38. 

Electronic Arts 

DIx Music Construction Set 2.0 ....69. 

Mac Recorder 1 50. 

Great Wave Software 

Concertware + 4.0 39. 

Concertware -i- Midi 4.0 78. 


Audio Digitizer 145. 

Mark Of The Unicorn 

Professional Composer V.2 395. 

Professional Performer V.2.3 325. 

Passport Designs 

Master Tracks Jr 102. 

Master Tracks Pro 3.0 275. 

Notewriter 199. 

Quick Mail (10 Users) ... 
Central Point Software 

Copy II Mac 

PC Tools Deluxe 

Dubl-Click Software 
Calculator Construction Set . 
Electronic Arts 

Disk Tools Plus 

Fifth Generation 

Fast Back 

Power Station V 2.5 

Suitcase 2.0 

Greene Inc 


Icom Simulations 

Qn Cue 1 .3 


Imagine Software 

Smart Alarms 

Smart Alarms Multiuser 

Kent Marsh 

Mac Safe 

Night Watch 

Mac Master 

Fedit + Version 1 .07 


Think N Time 



Design 2.3 




Mac In Use 2.0 

Solana Electronics 


Smartscrap & Clipper 34. 

Super Glue 51. 

The Curator 79. 

Supermac Software 

Disk Fit 1.4 60. 

Network Disk Fit 245. 

Sentinel 149. 

Super Laser Spool -Multi User 240. 

Super Laser Spool -Single User 80. 

Superspoo! 5.0 55. 


S.U.M 59. 


Tops (Dos Version) 140. 

Tops (Mac Version) 189. 

Virginia System Software 
Roundup! 39. 

220 . 


Paragon Courseware 



Lightspeed C V 3.0 

Lightspeed Pascal V 2.0 
Lightspeed just enough Pascal . 
TML Systems 

TML Pascal II 

True Basic 

3-D Graphics Toolkit 

Business Graphics Toolkit 

Scientific Graphics Toolkit 

True Basic Version 2.0 


Z Basic 4.01 





To order, call 

1 - 800 - 248-0800 

Your credit card will not be 
charged until your products ship. 

Cypress Research 
Fax Plus Modem 825. 

Ask about our Zoner Loner 
Harddrive Program. 

Day Star Digital Accelerator Boards 

Novy Mac20MX-16Mhz SE /•► ....699. 
Novy Mac20MX-25Mhz SE/+ ... 1330. 

33/030 Accelerator II 4680. 


Mac 101 Keyboard 149. 


Macsnap 2SE 439. 

Macsnap 524 (512k to Imeg) ....312. 

Macsnap 524e (512kE to imeg) 284. 

Macsnap 524s (512kE to Imeg 

W/SCSI Port) 378. 

Macsnap 548 (512k to 2meg) ....575. 

Macsnap 548e (5i2ke to 2meg) 539. 

Macsnap 548s (512kE to 2meg 

W/SCSI Port) ; .,^...598. 

Marathon 020, Mse 1 584. 

Marathon 020. Mse 2 .'. 975. 

Marathon 020, Mse 3 774. 

Marathon 020, Mse 4 1 1 54. 

Plus 2 (2 Meg Upgrade - Mac ■♦■) 429. 

SCSI Port Adapter 1 1 5. 


EMAC MD2400 Baud Modem ....225. 

Smartmodem 1200 299. 

Smartmodem 2400 467. 


1 Meg SIMMs (DIPP Mount) ....CALL 
1 Meg SIMMs (Surface Mount) CALL 
256k SIMM Module (120 Ns) ...CALL 

68881 Math Co-Processor 16mhz 235. 


Megascreen 19" B/W display ... 1298. 

Megascreen 19" Color CALL 

New Image Technologies 

Mac Scan (Sheet Fed) 1 245. 

Mac Scan (Sheet Fed) Gray Scale ..2100. 

Turbo Net 30. 

Turbo Net ST 38. 

Shiva Corporation 

Netbridge 319. 

Netmodem VI 200 335. 

Netmodem V2400 459. 

Netserial X232 308. 

STF Technologies 

FAX stf 554. 

Supra Corp. 

Supra Modem 2400 Baud 145. 


Trailblazer 18.000 Bps Modem 1228. 


Thunderscan 4.0 199. 

U.S. Robotics 

1200 Baud Modem 199. 

2400 Baud Modem 359. 

9600 Hst Baud Modem 799. 


Bar Code Labeler 72. 

Multi Recharger Control 1 14. 

Timewand 16k 245. 

Timewand Manager 398. 



Aztec C 75. 

Aztec C + Sdb 114. 

Aztec Mpw C 114. 


Passport Midi Interface 97. 


Listen 2.0 65. 



Tempo II 88. 


Disk Express 32. 

Font/Da Juggler Plus 38. 

Master Juggler 63. 

Berkley System Design 

Stepping Out 2.0 60. 

CE Software 

Calendarmaker Ver. 3.0 27. 

Disktop 27. 

Quick Keys Ver. 1.1 54. 

Circle 449 on reader service card 

RackMac'* brings Macintosh^ to industry 

Now the friendliest computer in the office 
is also the most practical computer for 

Introducing RackMac, a ruggedized 
Apple* Macintosh II computer which meets 
the special needs of the industrial systems 

The Macintosh II is an outstanding 
desktop office computer. And RackMac 
provides the added strength and real-time 
I/O capabilities to make it effective in an 
industrial environment. 

A comprehensiue solution 

Frankly, building an industrial computer 
requires more than just a face lift. That’s 
why GreenSpring has taken a comprehen- 
sive approach in providing the right indus- 
trial computing solution. 

GreenSpring provides rugged easy access 
rackmounting cabinetry, enhanced cooling. 

and industrial grade connectors. The Rack- 
Mac Software development kit contains ex- 
ample source code, scripts, and debugging 
tools and is naturally compatible with 
Apple’s multitasking realtime distributed 
operating system, HyperCard, and MPW 
A step-by-step guide for developing profes- 
sional real-time I/O intensive applications 
is provided. Add our industrial packaged 
color display with optional surface acoustic 
wave touchscreen, and you can easily see 
how RackMac makes the tough jobs a 
touch easier. 

lndustryPacks'*niake configuration a snap 

Select from a broad range of I/O plug-in 
interfaces called IndustryPacks supporting 
such interfaces as OPTO 22, IEEE-488, A/D, 
D/A, serial, printer, relay, and others. 

Then snap those IndustryPacks onto 
your choice of NuBus IP carrier. The low 
cost SupportBoard provides routine I/O ex- 

pansion. But perhaps RackMac’s most 
impressive feature is SpringBoard, a 68020 
based I/O controller witli its 1 or 4 Mbytes 
of dual access RAM and NuBus mastership, 
which provides true realtime I/O multitask- 
ing and pipelined multiprocessing. 

To learn more about the RackMac solu- 
tion to your industrial application, call 
GreenSpring Computers at 1-415-364-8700. 
We’ll show you how our friendly face can 
put a smile on yours. 


558 Brewster Avenue 
Redwood City, CA 94063 
(415) 364-8700 
FAX (415) 369-5982 

# Authorized Value .Added Reseller 

RackMac and IndustryPack are trademarks of GreenSpring Computers. Macintosh and HyperCard are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. 

Circle 430 on reader service card 


Control Panel 

Tiny sliding scales in 
Digital Darkroom 's 
control panels are 
particularly hard to 
manipulate. lt*s difji- 
culuto make 1 or 2 
percent adjustments. 
Some scales have no 
digital readout at all 
— you have to guess in 
order to reproduce 
an effect. 

File Edit Tools Image Transform Gray Maps 

P» 5 t* tf 

O D*rktn 
O Lighten 

P*(nt/Fm»r if. 

an airbrush with a selection of brush sizes. 
ImageStudio provides bruslies in several 
shapes and allows you to create new 
shapes. Darkroom has one advantage, the 
lighten/darken capability its brushes pro- 
vide. You can brush across a particular area 
and change the gray shades. 

Darkroom reads and writes eight file 
formats: PICT, P1CT2, TIFF, Thunderscan, 
MacPaint, EPS, Illustrator, and its own Ar- 
chive (compre.ssed) file format. 

Output options include standard half- 
tone and Darkroom s own Advanced Half- 
tone, which works best with 300 dpi laser 
printers that do not use PostScript (Apple 
LaserWriter SC or General Computing s 
Personal Laser Printer, for example). 

The manual is excellent and includes 
an entire chapter on halftones — how digi- 
tal halftones differ from true photograpliic 
halftones and how’ best to compensate for 
those differences (more memory and bet- 
ter output devices, such as a Linotronic 


This package is the Jaws of software, 
however, when it comes to memory. It s not 
that the program is large, but images can 
be large. And image manipulation is mem- 
ory intensive. Silicon Beach estimates that 
an 8-by-lO-inch image scanned at 150 dpi 
and at 256 levels of gray, can claim 1.75 
megabytes for the base image alone. For 
speed, Digital Darkroom works exclusiveh' 
in memory, and a transformation can re- 
quire up to twice the memory of the base 
image. Add memory for Undo and the im- 
age maps Digital Darkroom uses to avoid 
altering the base image, and memory 

needs quickly mount up. On a Mac II with 
5 megabytes of memory, running Multi- 
Finder and no other software, Digital Dark- 
room did not have sufficient memory to 
perform more than one transformation 
(rotate) on the four-by-two-inch Tower of 
Pisa demo image that comes with the 

For all its power and memor\ -hunger, 
Digital Darkroom is not particularly fast. Its 
algorithms may be highly efficient, but on 
the 5MB Mac II, it took 25 seconds to 
straighten the Leaning Tower of Pisa. In all 
fairness, Darkroom is moving a lot of infor- 
mation. But on a really large image, you 
may find yourself drumming your fingers. 

Another problem is Darkroom’s tiny 
control panels and cramped sliding scales. 
We found it difficult to pick up the indica- 
tors with the mouse for accurate vSettings, 
especially when blending a paste, an oper- 
ation that requires great accuracy. The slid- 
ing scales are short; 1 or 2 percent move- 
ments are diflicult to manage — and almOvSt 
impossible to repeat exactly. The graphic 
interface seems to have been miniaturized 
to fit the 9-inch screen of the Plus and SE 
(the software runs on those computers, 
but not efficiently). 

All in all, any problem with Digital 
Darkroom is overshadowed by its as.sem- 
blage of features. It is more than equal to 
the current generation of scanners. Al- 
though Digital Darkroom is fun to play 
with and easy to learn, it’s really a product 
for the art and photographic professional 
— someone who is also more likely to have 
the strongly recommended Mac II, a gray- 
scale monitor, and beaiicoiip memory. 
—JeffWctlclen with David Smith 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

High-End Data 

MacLab Pros: The easiest system to use for 
generat scientific work. Cons: Single analog 
output channel: no digital output. Company: 
World Precision Instruments. List price: 

$2925 (includes software). Requires: 512 K. 

IDAC/1000 Pros: Full iG channel digital I/O; 
spreadsheet-based programming system; usable 
with non-Mac computers. Cons: Slow data 
converter. Company: International Data 
Acquisition and Control. List price: $1045; 
HyperCard interface $75; Macontrol $695. 
Requires: 512K. 

MacAdios II SE Pros: 125-kHz maximum 
acquisition rate; FORTRAN, BASIC, C, and Pascal 
interfaces included. Cons: Effective use requires 
extensive programming. Company: GW 
Instruments. List price: $1890 (mcludes BASIC 
software only). Requires: 1MB; runs only on 
Macintosh SE. 

# Computer data acquisition has 
' many possible functions. A physi- 
ologist may want to replace a bat- 
tery of chart recorders with a single com- 
puter and a printer. An electrical engineer 
may want to use a computer as a high- 
speed storage oscilloscope. A plant man- 
ager may need to control arrays of 
switches and valves in response to data 
from industrial sensors. 

One sign that the Macintosh has fi- 
nally arrived as a serious instrument for 
science and industry is that data acquisition 
systems tailored to many different markets 
are now available. Each of the three sys- 
tems reviewed here works best in a partic- 
ular range of applications. Each also repre- 
sents more power (and expense) than the 
systems examined last month. 

MacLab for Simplicity 

MacLab is a straightforw^ard box, with 
highly evolved, convenient software. The 
front panel has four pairs of BNC connec- 
tors for differential analog inputs, a pair for 
analog output, and a pair for an external 
trigger. The software lets you use MacLab 
as a single-channel general-purpose os- 
cilloscope, or as a set of four chart record- 
ers (see “Charting Your Course”). MacLab 


.Maav'orld 227 

Fast Forms 


Paperwork Without The Work. 

Jt > ^ 




When presenting business 
information, it is important to portray a 
professional and consistent image. 
Business forms are no exception. 

Fast Forms gives you the power and 
freedom to create, customize, and use 
professional fonns on your Apple* 
Macintosh* computer. 

You can use Fast Forms for tasks 
ranging from simple office memos to 
order forms, packing slips, complex 
invoices or even annual tax forms. 

All with the flexibility to match the 
look of your most familiar forms. 

And once you've drawn or scanned 
your forms, use the Fast Forms desk 
accessory (also includ- 
ed) to fill in and print 
while using any other 

At last you can 
quickly address an 
envelope or print an 
invoice without 
interrupting your more 
important work 

Design features such as gray screens, 
hairlines, variable type sizes, text editing. 

non-printing drawing planes have made 
Fast Forms the drav\ing program of 
choice by thousands of users. 


pen I fill patterns 

• rw t«u 1—n 

H.FfMl ll»Tai i fll ilCMVittl T tHl/lJ ECCH] 

drawing a form 

Place data entry fields on your form 
where information is filled in. Fast Forms 
vsoll format fields and even perform 
calculations for you automatically. 

Since version 12 now supports 
both imprort and export. Fast Forms 
works even better with your other 
Macintosh programs. 

Now you can import information 
from your database to fill 
in and print any form, or 
export information while 
using Fast Forms as an 
effective data entry tool. 

For offices with more 
than one Macintosh, addi- 
tional desk accessories can 
be purchased separately. 
And yes, for those of 
you who want some help getting started. 
Fast Forms still comes with a free temp- 




I,?,,-*’ ‘ 


Since Fast Forms is still only $149, 
you're guaranteed great value for" 
your money. 

Plus, if you buy Fast Forms today, 
we'll refund your money tomorrow 
(early 1989) when you purchase 
INFORM,'” the next generation of forms 
management solutions. 

For more inlormalion on Fast Forms, please call or write: 



Advanced Technology Center 
105. 9650 - 20 Avenue 
Edmonton. Alberta Canada T6N 1G1 

customizable grids, and printing and late disk filled with forms ready to use. (403)463 - 3330 

Fast Forms and INFORM (lormerly Fast Forms Professional) are Irademarks of Shana Corporation. Apple and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer. Inc. Copyright © 19M Shana Corporation 

Circle 297 on reader service card 


uses a 12-bit, 40-kHz converter and con- 
nects to the Mac modem port. 

This doesn’t sound like much for 
$3000. In fact, it’s a bargain if you want a 
trouble-free system that requires relatively 
little engineering or programming effort 
on your part. It took me 15 minutes to set 
up MacLab as a two-channel chromatog- 
raphy recorder, and that includes opening 
the box and scanning the relevant parts of 
the manual. The difference between this 
and the typical data acquisition experience 
is that it worked perfectly the first time. 

Simple editing commands, used with 
MacLab’s Data Pad, enable you to transfer 
data from charts or scope windows to Ex- 
cel. You can easily zoom and scale on- 
screen data and drag-select pairs of regions 
in charts for x-y display. You can also vary 
colors and pen patterns in plots. 

Although MacLab has no digital con- 
trol lines, its software lets you use die sin- 
gle output port as a programmable signal 
generator. Other electrical niceties include 
13 steps of programmable gain, indepen- 
dently specifiable for each channel, and a 
software-selectable high-pass filter. You 
might want extensions, such as more input 
or output channels or different front-end 
connectors, but you couldn’t ask for an 
easier system to use. 

IDAC for Control 

The IDAC/1000 is an impressive design 
— a slender, uncluttered, flat box with no 
obvious inputs or outputs. Removing the 
top back panel reveals a set of screw-termi- 
nal blocks to support the system’s superior 
facilities as a low-cost controller: 16 digital 
I/O channels. With a 12-bit converter run- 

Pictured are MacLab 
frofn World Precision 
Instrumeiits, IDAO 
1000 from Interna- 
tional Data Accjuisi- 
tion and Control, and 
MacAdios II SE from 
GW Instruments. 

' ^ File Edit Sel-Up Coin Display Rnalysis 

Charting Your Course 

This display is an automatic option in MacLab — 
you select gain levels for each channel. The cur- 
sor gives you a readout of individual points on 
each of the charts, and data can be transferred 
to other applications with cut-and-paste 

ning at a leisurely 3600 conversions per 
second (it uses the modem port for Mac 
connection), the IDAC/1000 would not 
be my first choice for bench-testing elec- 
tronics parts, but for strain gauges, thermo- 
couples, and pressure sensors it’s certainly 

IDAC features an inexpensive Hyper- 
Card interface (see “Dealing with Cards”) 
that allows it to perform basic data acquisi- 
tion chores and limited digital I/O. For ad- 
vanced applications, you may want to con- 
sider the company’s specialized software 
(an $895 chromatography package called 
IDAC-Chrome, for example) or its main 
product, Macontrol. In Macontrol each 
channel of the IDAC/1000 board corre- 
sponds to a row in a predefined spread- 
sheet application template so that program- 
ming information is placed in appropriate 

columns to produce output in spreadsheet 
form in Excel or Multiplan. Macontrol re- 
quires low-level programming (most of the 
commands you place in the programming 
spreadsheet are in hex notation), but the 
documentation provides some examples. 

This approach has some advantages: 
for mixed Mac/PC labs an exactly analo- 
gous program called Icontrol w^rks with 
Lotus 1-2-3, so different computers can 
share this unit (the other units reviewed 
here are Mac-specific). Its main disadvan- 
tage is that since data appears in spread- 
sheet form only in Macontrol, you can’t 
view the data in real time. If you want to 
see chartlike output you have to graph it 
separately. If you are programming a sys- 
tem to turn on cooling units when the fluid 
in vats A and B goes above 30 degrees 
Fahrenheit, using Macontrol is the most 
flexible and efficient one. If you’re trying to 
adjust a stimulation sequence to obser\^e 
an evoked potential in a lobster nerve, it’s 
nearly useless. IDAC clearly recognizes the 
industrial-control strengths of its system, 
and most examples in the documentation 
discuss applications with thermocouples 
and photocells. 

MacAdios for Speed 

The MacAdios system is for advanced 
users, physicists or electrical engineers, for 
example. Not only does MacAdios II SE use 
the fastest converter in this group (12 bit, 
125 kHz), but it offers piggyback board op- 
tions with 16-bit resolution or a super-fast 
833-kHz converter. This is a higher data 
rate than an SE can support, but gives an 
idea of the range of MacAdios possibilities. 
The device itself is basically a Mac II board 
with its own interface and power supply, 
adapted for use in an SE. It includes two 
analog outputs, eight digital I/O lines, and 
three independent counter/timers. Mac- 
Adios also uses a separate board that takes 
up the SE’s slot — at 125 kHz the modem 
port is no longer fast enough. 

MacAdios II SE provides the most 
extensive documentation of the systems 
tested, and you’re going to need it. The set 
of applications included in the four disks of 
software is unlikely to satisfy serious users. 
To take advantage of MacAdios’s capabili- 
ties, you’ll want to program it; GW Instru- 
ments, therefore, provides I/O libraries and 


Macworld 229 




Desk Area 


^ Yes 

Materials List 


Surface Materials 
5/8"Wall Board 5‘ X 10’ 

1/8 Tile - Mosaic 

Brick - Chicago 

Siding Alum (Sky Bl) 

Paneling (Oak) 

Wall Fixtures- Elec: 

Wall Outlets 

Single-Pole Switches 

Modular Phone Jacks 

CTV Plug-In 


Plumbing Fixtures 

Single Faucets 

Tub/Shower Enclosure 

Water Closet 

Utility Sinks 

Send list to the 
file "Materials?” 

Parts Schedule 

I Cost Estimates 
i Door Schedule 

Utility Washer/ Dryer 

102 Sq In"^; 

175 Sq In 

246 Sq Ft 
200 Sq Ft 
150 Sq Ft 

Materials List 

Computer-Aided Design and Analysis comes of Age 

Grnphsoft • 8370 Court Ave, Suite 101 • Ellicott City, MD • 21043 

MiniCad+ $695 * Demo Available for only $19.00 

MiniCad Plotter Drivers: Prof. $300 Stand. $150 

U.S.: 1 (301) 461-94SS • Canada: i (604) 3S4-2131 • Australia: 61-7-369-1204 

Visa & MasterCard Welcome 

^ Circle 77 on reader service card 


Parts Schedule 

Cost Estimates 









MiniCnd+ rises on the foundations of a groundbreaking Macintosh CAC 
program, MiniCad 2D/3D. Universal in aim, MiniCad Plus is a total de- 
sign and analysis solution, the answer to time-consuming transfers be- 
tween applications. This professional CAD system offers the following 
easy-to-use components: 

• High precision 2D drafting environment which includes complex 
duplication with arrays, hierarchical symbol editing with both exter- 
nal and internal libraries, fillets, bezier & cubic splines, auto-join, 
auto-dimensioning, continuously variable zoom up to lOOOx, double 
line tools with auto-clean up, 256 user-definable attributes, 8 line 
types, unlimited layers, full use of Mac II, and more... 

• Active spreadsheet inside drafting area which can be hot linked with 
objects to perform area calculations, parts schedules, cost estimation 
and more. As easy-to-use as the spreadsheet you're using now. 

• All new integrated 3D that is so powerful and user-friendly we may 
change your mind about micro 3D. 

• MiniPascal, a programmable macro language, will allow advanced 
users and 3rd party vendors to create reports, macros, and powerful 
extensions to MiniCad Plus's capabilities. 



* rile edit Co Tools Oblects 

Dealing with Cards 

HyperCard interfaces are used in data acquisi- 
tion this year, and IDACs system is adequate for 
basic applicatiotis. This straightforward screen 
is used to configure ranges for input channels. 

data manipulation libraries for six common 
variants of FORTRAN, BASIC, Pascal, and C. 
The libraries cover all types of I/O channel 
management, including highest-speed op- 
erations; transformations through scaling; 
basic statistics; and fast Fourier transform. 
For total control, the MacAdios manual in- 
cludes a discussion of the SE memory map 
and assembly language control of data ac- 
quisition and control functions. If you need 
to generate a well-defined 20-kHz saw- 
tooth wave, MacAdios is your best bet. 

Recognizing that inexperienced pro- 
grammers may be put off by the respon- 
sibilities of power, GW also sells a version 
of LabView (National Instruments’ icon- 
driven programming system) that includes 
custom drivers for the MacAdios board. 
This makes managing the system simpler, 
at an additional cost of about $2000. 


It’s obvious from the hardw^are capa- 
bilities and the examples given in the man- 
uals that these products reflect their devel- 
opers’ specific backgrounds. MacLab was 
probably designed by biologists or bio- 
chemists, IDAC was set up to solve indus- 
trial-control problems, and MacAdios was 
developed for general-purpose, high- 
speed engineering uses. In principle, any 
one of these systems could work for a wide 
range of applications, but in practice you 
will find it easier to use a system designed 
with your application in mind. With the 
current set of possibilities (five closed-box 
systems and almost as many boards now 
on the market for the SE), that should be 
no problem . — Charles Seiter 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

NEC SilentWriter 

300’dpi PostScript printer Pros: Has 3MB 

RAM; informative LCD display; two paper hop- 
pers; one-year warranty. Cons: Can’t print enve- 
lopes; picky about paper quality. Company: NEC 
Information Systems. List price: $4795. 
Requires: AppleTalk cables. 

Among the dozens of PostScript- 
compatible laser printers avail- 
able, the NEC SilentWriter LC890 is 
something of a renegade. Unlike most Post- 
Script printers in its class, it doesn’t contain 
the Canon or Ricoh printing engine (the 
actual printing mechanism); instead, it’s 
equipped with a proprietary engine that 
employs several new technologies. Heavy 
and squat, it won’t win any awards for good 
looks. But its designers seem to have gone 
out of their way to create an extremely 
functional, quick, and sturdy machine. 

LED the Way 

The most unusual aspect of the Silent- 
Writer is that it’s not really a laser printer at 
all. All other PostScript printers use a laser 
beam bounced off of a moving mirror to 
etch the printed image onto a drum. NEC, 
however, has replaced the laser-and-mirror 
system with a row of tiny light-emitting di- 

Sixty-Eigbt Pounds of PostScript 

The NEC SilentWriter LC890 comes with a clear, 
heavily illustrated manual, several paper- 
handling attachments, a kit containing cleaning 
supplies, and some replacement parts. Its 35 
resident fonts are the same as those in the Apple 
LaserWriter II series. 

odes (LEDs). The 300-dots-per-inch output 
is the same as that of a laser printer, yet the 
absence of the laser apparatus, according 
to the manufacturer, means that there are 
fewer moving parts to wear out. 

The SilentWriter compares favorably 
with other PostScript printers in its price 
range, including Apple’s middle-of-the-line 
LaserWriter IINT The SilentWriter comes 
with a megabyte more memory than the 
IINT, meaning you can download more 
fonts and more complex images. It has a 
paper feed capacity of 500 sheets, com- 
pared to the LaserWriter’s 200 sheets. In 
addition, the SilentWriter’s one-year war- 
ranty is four times longer than Apple’s and 
includes 90 days of on-site service. The 
NEC engine’s 600,000-page life expectancy 
is twice as long as the IINT’s and that of al- 
most ever\^ other PostScript printer in its 
price range. 

The SilentWriter’s most dramatic im- 
provement over its rivals is its 2-line LCD 
front panel, which constandy tells you 
what’s happening inside. As your docu- 
ment is printed, the display says, in turn, 
Online, Processing, Printing, and finally 
Idle. Clear messages alert you if the paper 
jams, the toner runs out, or the cover isn’t 
quite closed. The front panel has a 30- 
character readout with hierarchical menus 
that let you disable the start-up page, run a 
printer self-test, and select the paper feed 
and emulation mode (Diablo 360, HP 
LaserJet, or PostScript). This readout makes 
the SilentWriter much more communica- 
tive than its blinking-light-only rivals. 

NEC’s engineers seem to have put 
great care into making the SilentWViter 
convenient to use. The paper feeds are ver- 
tical slots on top of the printer, instead of 
removable paper trays; adding a stack of 
paper is much like dropping a slice of rye 
into a toaster. There are two 250-page hop- 
pers, so you can put a different size of pa- 
per in each. The SilentWriter’s stubby 
shape provides a short and accessible pa- 
per path. When you pop the lid open, the 
entire course traversed by the sheet is visi- 
ble, making paper jams easy to clear. 

After 3000 pages, you need to replace 
the toner through a slot on the printer 
body; after 7000 pages, you need a new 
developer drum, which clicks solidly into 
place. Apple’s LaserWriter and most other 
printers, on the other hand, combine toner 
and drum into a single cartridge. The two- 
in-one method is convenient, since there’s 
only one item to replace, but it has a disad- 

( continues) 

Macworld 231 


connection between 
everyone in your 

> all your customers, < 
and thousands of 
other strange and 
creative minds 
around the world? 

On CONNECT, I distribute 
updated pricing, sell 
systems, and support 
my customers without - 
leaving the pool. ^ 

On CONNECT, I share 
graphics with all 
our 24 branches 
and swap sweet nothings 
with Tbny inlUcson. 

Solly Nompish, Manager, 
Corporate Communications 

User Nome: MANGA 
Routes copy, shares files 
and grophics for in-house 
PR end desktop publishing. 

CONNECT keeps me 
in constant contact 
with my employees 
at far less cost than 
my brainwave 

Fred Frinbton, 
inventor ond entrepreneur 
User Nome: BOFFO 

CONNECTS with his 
employees ond thousondt 
of other strange 
and creative minds, 

Connect chante.<i; 18/hour peak time. S4/houro(Tpeak. Including 120, 000 characters. System requirements: MacNET*soflw-are or i*C/MacNET'* plus Microsoll* Windows, a dual strive MacinU>shorMS IX)S*computerwithharddi8k,andamndem(U8eyourownorbuyabundled 

package from us). CONNECT supports 1200 to 9600 baud. Service Mark; Connect-Connect, Inc. Registered Itademarks; .MatNET -Connect, Inc.; Macintosh -Apple Computer, Inc.; MS DOS, Microsofl-MIcrosofl Corporation. Dademarks: PC/MacNET -Connect, Inc. 

Last week 
on CONNECT, I ran 
400 software demos, 
sold 200 packages, and 
bought a pet iguana. 

Teresa Ramirez, 
softwore developer 
User Nome: PUNGY 

Uses CONNEG to demo, 
sell orxJ support her 
veterinory proctice 
monogemenf softwore. 

CONNECTgives me 
business news 

you won’t see 
until tomorrow 

Roger Arbuthnot, CFO 
User Nome: DOREMI 

Keeps his ear to the 
Street with the McGraw-Hill 
ot>d the Associated Press 
News Services and 
Standard & Poor 
financial quotes. 

0 1988 Connect, Inc. CONNECT, INC., lOlOl Bubb Road, Cupertino, CA 95014 


The Professional 
Information Network. 

CONNECT. The Professional Information 
Network for Macs and PCs. The first forum for 
information exchange that is as intuitively easy 
to use as a Macintosh? 

Now your organization can create your 
own public or private forums to share news, pro- 
fessional information, and ideas with your 
members, employees, customers, and clients. 

Simply by dialing a local access number, 
you can send messages instantly worldwide, 

24 hours a day. Distribute changes in prices, 
quotations, and product information. Demo 
products, take orders, and support your custo- 
mers. Access professional databases. Get busi- 
ness news and stock market reports a whole 
day before they hit the newspapers. 

All through a simple graphics interface. 

It’s a new, affordable 
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Macintosh users around the §74^95 \ 
world. Save thousands 
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Swap memos, letters, data 
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Call 1-800-234-3231 or 408-973-0110 today 
to order your low-priced evaluation package or 
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Circle 410 on reader service card 


vantage: you have to replace the entire car- 
tridge if either the toner or the drum is ex- 
hausted, which means you waste what is 
left of the remaining component. 

Finicky Eater 

The SilentWriter’s only significant 
drawback is its fussiness about paper. Al- 
though it’s a thoroughbred performer 
when fed its preferred diet of l6-to-20- 
pound smooth paper, it chokes on any- 
thing lighter. If you use much paper with 
rag content you will eventually have to 
clean the printer s innards of particles the 
paper leaves behind. And you can’t print 
envelopes without an extra-cost manual- 
feed hopper; even then you have to baby- 
sit while printing to make sure the enve- 
lope goes into the printer straight. 

What the SilentWriter does accept, 
however, falls into the output tray with 
crisp, nicely black images. The extra RAM 
means you rarely run out of memory for 
downloading fonts, and the easy-to-read 
front panel keeps you constantly apprised 
of the SilentWriter’s status. If you can get by 
without printing a lot of envelopes, this 68- 
pound ugly duckling will perform as 
gracefully as a swan . — David Pogue 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Generic C ADD 
Level 1 

2-D CAD program. Pros: Mac Plus/SE and 
Mac II versions; symbol libraries; layering; pro- 
prietary fonts and font editor; named views; 16- 
decimal floating-point database; MultiFinder- 
compatible. Cons: No fills or color; no line-width 
choices or arrowheads; y\o plotter support; no 
import/export facility; no autodimensions; fto 
tangents, fillets, or chamfers; deviates some- 
what from standard Mac drawing interface. 
Company: Generic Software. List price: 

$99 95. Requires: 1MB; hard disk or e.xternal 
drive recommended; math coprocessor 

Generic’s CADD, for the PC, has 
been a phenomenal success, com- 
peting toe-to-toe with AutoCAD 
for market leadership in terms of units 
sold. But since Generic’s base price is 
$99.95 and AutoCAD’s is nearly $3000, the 
lion’s share of both revenue and attention 
has gone to AutoCAD. 

CAD on Draft 

Generic CADD Level 1 
may not have t^olor, 
but it offers more pre- 
cision and drafting- 
style commands (such 
as layers, area and 
angle measurement, 
and a symbol library) 
than most drawing 
programs. It doesn't 
have such CAD neces- 
sities as cross-hatch- 
ing, autodimensions, 
or even line-width 

Now that leading DOS CAD packages 
such as AutoCAD and VersaCAD have got- 
ten serious about the Mac, it should be no 
surprise that Generic too is stepping into 
the fray. Generic CADD Level 1 is the first 
of several programs Generic has planned 
for the Mac. It does a decent job of follow- 
ing the standard Mac interface without get- 
ting too far away from its DOS roots. 

CADD Level 1 has some important and 
well-craftcd features, including basic com- 
mands for layering, symbol libraries, and 
named views of a drawing, as well as sup- 
port of a math coprocessor. However, there 
are major omissions: no plotting ability, no 
drawing import or export except through 
the Clipboard or Scrapbook, no color, no 
autodimensioning, no fills or cross-hatch- 
ing, and no fillets or chamfers. It doesn’t 
even sport arrowheads for lines. CADD 
Level 2, which is scheduled for release in 
the second quarter, will give you some of 
these features, including color and auto- 
dimensions. (A coupon for a $99 upgrade 
is included with the CADD Level 1 package. 
The list price of CADD Level 2 has already 
been set at $199.95.) With the proposed 
features Level 2 will be an inexpensive, but 
serious, CAD package. You can only con- 
sider CADD Level 1 as a sketching pad with 
a surprisingly precise underlying database 
(16-decimal floating-point if you choose), 
or as a training tool until you can get 
Level 2. 

CADD Level 1 comes in two versions, 
both packed onto the same floppy. The 
Plus/SE version does not support a math 
coprocessor; the II version demands one 
(and will run on any Mac that has one). 

That’s the only difference. In timed trials 
on a Mac II, the II version redraws 25 to 100 
percent faster. Although CADD Level 1 uses 
a precise, l6-decimal-place floating-point 
database, it doesn’t have to deal with di- 
mensions, fills, or other sophisticated fea- 
tures on a drawing. For that reason, and be- 
cause there is no provision for translating 
files into DXF, IGES, or some other stan- 
dard CAD format, you can’t really compare 
the speed of CADD Level 1 to that of other 
CAD programs. CADD Level 1 itself re- 
quires a minimum of 512K RAM to run, and 
works better with at least 750K; the more 
memory you use, the larger the drawing 
file you can work on and the faster your 
work will run. 

Hybrid Interface 

Just like the PC version, CADD Level 1 
for the Mac can be manipulated by key- 
board or mouse, in much the same way as 
AutoCAD is driven. You either click on 
menu commands and then point and click 
on the screen to direct those commands, 
or you type abbreviated names for the 
commands and then enter the appropriate 
coordinates (with mouse or keyboard). 
Commands sit under typical Macintosh 
pull-down menus that have secondary 
pull-out menus and dialog boxes for lower- 
level options and commands. Extra “pal- 
ettes,” or windows, on the screen contain 
drawing tool icons, status information on 
the cursor position and current command, 
layer information, and available symbols. 
CADD Level 1 asks you to choose a com- 
mand and then an object to act upon, in- 
stead of the other way around, and to 


234 Februar\* 1989 

Introducing 732 megabytes of 
reliable, removable optical 
storage for Macintosh® 

Until now, finding a reliable optical 
disk subsystem for your Apple® Macintosh 
has been fruitless. But all that has changed 
— thanks to Storage Dimensions, the 
world’s leading supplier of desktop optical 

Enter LaserStor” for Macintosh-our 
write-once/read-many (W.O.R.M.) sub- 
system-and the newest member of our 
MacinStor” line of high-performance 
products for the Mac® Plus, SE, II and IIx. 
Incorporating the latest advancements 
in optical technology, MacinStor is a 
complete, plug-and-play solution ideal for 
applications requiring large amounts of 
permanent data storage. 

What’s more, MacinStor includes 
software that’s extremely sophisticated, yet 
eas)' to use. As simple as apple pie. For 

Imagine the applications you 
can sink your teeth into. With 732 MB 
per cartridge, you get unlimited capacity 
for CAD/CAM, im^e processing, desktop 
publishing and data aquisition. Plus 
removability for databa^ distribution, 
archiving and backup. 

Look into the optical solution. 
Call (408) 879-0300, Ext. 622 for the 
authorized MacinStor dealer nearest you. 

W.O.R.M. comes 
with everything 
you expect in 
a state-of-the-art 
optical disk sub- 
system. Except 
the bugs. 



Internal 3.5 
or 5.25 inch 

example, it 

makes the 

WORM External (including zero footprint) 3.5 or 5.25 inch subsystems. 

work just like a hard disk. Which means 
there’s no need for any special software or 
training. Copying files is as simple as 
clicking and dragging. 


Storage Dimensions, 2145 Hamilton Avenue, San Jose, CA 95125. See us at Macworld EXPO. 

MacinStor and LaserStor are trademarks of Storage Dimensions. ©1989 Storage Dimensions. San Francisco, CA 

Circle 414 on reader service card 


choose points without dragging the 
mouse. This is different from standard Mac 
CAD practice, but not too hard to get used 
to. And since CADD for the PC uses the 
same approach, switching from PC to Mac 
is easy. There are some touches, such as 
holding the Shift key to constrain to verti- 
cal or horizontal, and holding the Option 
key to snap to a near point, that make 
drawing easier. 

The drawing tools comprise the ba- 
sics: circles, arcs, freehand, lines, and text. 
You can choose the number of sides in a 
polygon and enter coordinates in absolute 
or relative, Cartesian, or polar modes. You 
can manipulate objects using move, rotate, 
scale, and mirror. The standard Macintosh 
Cut and Paste commands are where they 
should be. There is an adjustable grid and a 
Snap to Grid command, and you can work 
in English or metric units. You can also 
draw bezier and spline cur\^es, as well as 
measure distance, angle, or area by click- 
ing on chosen points of a drawing. 

The Bright Side 

Not only can you zoom in or out on 
a drawing and jump back to a previous 
zoom, but you can also name specific 
views that will then appear on a menu, and 
automatically go directly back to them. 
Panning can be accomplished only by se- 
lecting a new center for a drawing: there 
are no scroll bars. 

Generic CADD Level 1 doesn’t use 
standard Macintosh text fonts. Instead it 
comes with three of its own that can be 
slanted, sized, rotated, and otherwise posi- 
tioned on a drawing. CADD Level 1 also 
has a built-in font editor for creating and 
saving your own character sets by using 
the same drawing tools that you use for 
general work in CADD Level 1. 

Symbol libraries are one of the stron- 
gest features of CADD Level 1. A separate 
window lists the symbols available and lets 
you load new symbols from disk, save your 
symbols to the library, and scale symbols 
for placement on a drawing. The symbols 
are listed by name, not shown graphically, 
but are easy to locate and use. Generic 
Softw'are sells specialized symbol libraries 
for use with its CADD programs. Each one 
holds about 100 symbols and costs $49.95. 

Not many inexpensive drawing pack- 
ages have the layering facility of CADD 
Level 1. A separate palette shows you the 
names of layers and which ones are dis- 
played. You can create and shuffle up to 256 
layers per drawing, displaying and printing 
the set you prefer. 

The Dark Side 

It’s easy to summarize the shortcom- 
ings of CADD Level 1: mainly, the problem 
is a lack of features that are common in 
CAD. Besides the major omissions men- 
tioned earlier, lines are drawn with only 
one thickness and most of the drawing 
tools lack versatility. Circles, for instance, 
can be drawn only by specifying the center 
and a perimeter point, not by using three 
points or by other methods. Although you 
may break lines or objects and choose 
which part to throw away, there are no 
chamfer, fillet, draw-tangent, or extend 
commands. You can only snap to the grid, 
not to other objects or endpoints. There is 
no way to enter dimensions for an object 
other than to type some text on the 

Once you have completed a drawing, 
you can select the part of the drawing you 
want to print on a standard Mac output 
device, but there is no plotting utility or 
option, and no export command for tnins- 
lation to DXF, IGES, or other standard for- 
mat. You can move objects to another pro- 
gram through the Clipboard or Scrapbook, 
but that defeats the purpose of a highly 
precise CAD drawing database. Generic 
says that a translator for moving between 
Generic PC and Generic Mac CADD files 
is on the way. 

Forget the Second D 

You’ll probably get up to speed on 
CADD Level 1 in less than an hour, because 
it fits reasonably well to the Mac interface, 
has a HyperCard Help stack, and comes 
with a clear, deftly written, and lengthy 
manual. However, you may experience 
some frustration with the ways the inter- 
face deviates from Mac standards — such as 
no scroll bars. You’ll be even more frus- 
trated if you expect this to be anything 
more than a drawing tool. Sure, there are 
the symbol libraries, named views, and 256 
layers. That’s not bad for a simple sketching 
program — and the price is reasonable 
when you think of it that way. But even sim- 
ple work often calls for fills and color. 
Without the ability to import/export to 
standard formats, without fills or fillets, 
without different line widths, CADD Level 1 
can’t be considered a true drafting tool. 
Calling it one is CAD — computer-aided 
dreaming. Perhaps Level 2 will change 
that . — Phiilip Rohimoji 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

QuickCaptuf e 1.0 

Video frame grabber hardware and soft- 
ware. Pros: Accepts up to four i ideo inputs; 
clearly written manual. Cons: Need to change 
jumpers to reconfigure hoard; cant convert 
Macintosh images to video output. Company: 
Data Translation. List price: $1595. 
Requires: Macmtosh II with extended video 
card; 20MB hard disk; 1MB. 

Data Translation’s QuickCapture is 
one of the first products designed 
to satisfy the Mac ll’s appetite for 
gray-scale images. Also knowm as a frame 
grabber, the board accepts pictures from 
any standard video source (a camera or 
VCR) and converts them into 480-by-640- 
pixel gray-scale images. 

Playing the Slots 

You can slip the QuickCapture board 
into any free expansion slot, with the help 
of its clear, step-by-step documentation, 
which also includes a section on how to 
write programs that access the board. The 
only tricky part of installation involves 
inserting or removing five tiny, hard-to- 
handle plastic jumpers to configure the 
card for your particular video setup. Once 
the jumpers are in place, though, you’ll 
rarely have to change them. 

QuickCapture comes with a cable that 
has eight BNC “push and turn’’ type con- 
nectors on one end. With this cable, you 
can attach up to four different video 
sources to the board, but only one can be 
active at a time. Another of the connectors 



The QuickCapture board, also known as a frame 
grabber, accepts pictures from atty standard 
video source and converts them into gray scale 

236 February’ 1989 


High-Performance Mass Storage 
You Can Tl'ust. Up to 630 
Megabytes, Internal or External. 

Macintosh®users have many storage 
subsystems to choose from. Now, there’s 
a family of products that meets the high- 
capacity and high-performance demands 
of today’s storage-intensive Mac® 

Introducing tlie MacinStor 
high-performance family from 
Storage Dimensions. MacinStor 
comes with everything 
you’d ever want in a 
storage subsystem. And 
a few things you never 
thought possible. 

Tb satisfy your hunger for high 
performance, MacinStor delivers capacities 
up to 630 MB on a single hard disk 
(internal or external), data transfer rates 
as high as 15 Mbits/sec., and seek times as 
fast as 14 milliseconds. Nobody crunches 



data faster. Tliis 
ance philosophy 

External (including zero footprint) 3.5 or 5.25 inch subsystems, lT18.inUlin6Cl 

throughout our product line. All the way 
down to our 45 MB drives. 

MacinStor comes with a complete 
menu of easy-to-use installation and disk 
management software. It includes a 
formatter, diagnostics, partitioning, 

backup and restore, disk 
optimization, data encryp- 
tion and data recover)'. Plus, 
our manuals are complete 
and easy to understand. 

Of course, :dl this has 
its price. And it’s amazingly 
low. Especially when com- 
p<ired to what you get- 
or don’t get-with other 
storage subsystems. 

Now’s the time to put 
more into your Mac. So you 
am get more out. For the 
name of your nearest authorized 
MacinStor dealer, call (408) 879-0300, 
Ext. 605 today. 

lie’ll give you more to chew on. 





Siorage Dimensions. 2145 Hamilton Avenue. San Jose. CA 95125. 

.MacinStor is a trademark of Storage Dimensions. ^1988 Storage Dimen.sions. 

Circle 41 6 on reader service card 


is for connecting a trigger device to initiate 
image capture in response to an external 
event. The other three connectors are used 
for monitoring the video signal, and for 
video synchronization. 

Grab It 

The QuickCapture application lets you 
capture and edit images, but doesn’t pro- 
vide a way to convert Macintosh images 
into video form. Select Live Video from the 
Image menu, and whatever is on the cur- 
rently selected input channel appears on 
the screen in an Untitled window. You can 
display live video in more than one win- 
dow at a time, but each new window you 
open slows the overall update rate. Even 
with only one window^ open, the board 
can’t quite keep up with rapidly changing 

When you see a picture that you w^ant 
to save, a mouse click anywhere in the 
active window stops the action so you can 
save the image. The program allows you to 
alter the gray scale of incoming images be- 
fore they’re frozen. You can select from 2, 
16, 64, and 256 shades of gray in either Pos- 
itive or Reverse mode. If the video picture 
is too dark or too light, you can multiply or 
divide all the gray levels by a factor of 2 
or 4. QuickCapture can export images as 
PICT, TIFF, RIFF, or EPS files, as w^ell as in 
Data Translation’s proprietary IRIS format. 
Only IRIS files can be opened, though. 

You can also use the software to ma- 
nipulate saved or captured images. The 
program includes filters for sharpening, 
smoothing, edge detection, and vertical 
and horizontal line accentuation. Quick- 
Capture’s Image Calculator is an unusual 
feature that looks and works like the Calcu- 
lator desk accessory. It lets you add to and 
subtract from an image’s pixel values or 
add, subtract, and perform Boolean opera- 
tions on pairs of images. 

The results you get with QuickCapture 
depend on the quality of the pictures you 
feed it. I was able to obtain excellent gray- 
scale images with both an older video cam- 
era and a VCR. The program’s image pro- 
cessing functions are a bonus, but don’t 
expect them to substitute for a fully func- 
tional application like Digital Darkroom. If 
you need to import black-and-white video 
images into your Mac II, QuickCapture is 
an excellent choice . — Franklm Tessler 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Micro Planner 6.1e 

Project-management software. Pros: Uses 
standard project-management logic; closely ties 
resources and activities. Cons: Difficult to learn; 
Mac user interface could be improved. 
Company: Micro Planning International. 

List price: $595. Requires: 1MB. 

Project-management software 
helps track large-scale projects 
such as publishing a magazine, 
building a house, or bringing a new prod- 
uct to market. It creates charts to help man- 
age and monitor resources, deadlines, and 
other aspects of the job: it diagrams the 
activities that need to be accomplished, 
tracks resources to make sure they are not 
overutilized, and establishes dates when 
the various activities, as well as the project 
as a whole, should start and end. 

If you’re looking at project-manage- 
ment software for the Mac, you have tW'O 
choices: MacProject II and Micro Planner. 
The first is inexpensive and relatively easy 
to learn. The second is more complex and 
more powerful, and costs about twice as 

With MacProject II, you enter task 
names in boxes and join the boxes by 
drawing MacDraw style lines to represent 
the sequence of tasks. This becomes the 
schedule chart. If you have used other Mac 
applications, the process is familiar, and 
you’ll probably master the program in half 
a day or less. With Micro Planner, you input 
the data and the program automatically 
creates the chart. This process is less intu- 
itive, and if you’re unfamiliar with project- 

management concepts, it will take a few 
days before you’re comfortable with it. 

Complex Charts Made Easy 

Micro Planner has the advantage of 
producing more legible charts partly be- 
cause it uses standard project-management 
symbols to represent the relationship be- 
tween activities. MacProject II, by contrast, 
has only one major logical convention: left- 
most activities must be completed before 
activities displayed to their right can begin. 
In straightforward sequential projects, that 
convention is adequate. Micro Planner’s 
more advanced logical conventions allow 
you to represent complex relationships that 
are not available with simple boxes and 
lines. For example, the three activities re- 
quired to install a sewer pipe might be to 
dig a trench, lay the pipe, and close the 
trench. But it would be a waste of time to 
begin each task only after the preceding 
one is completed, because after the trench 
digger has been working only a day or 
two, the pipe laying can begin, and so on. 
Micro Planner has symbols to represent 
lag- and lead-time activities that can be 
combined in complex ways to create these 
staggered structures. 

Micro Planner also simplifies diagrams 
using hammock activities. These span, and 
therefore summarize, complex series of 
events for more concise reporting. For ex- 
ample, suppose there are ten steps to in- 
stalling sheet rock, including cutting the 
sheet rock, nailing the sheet rock, sanding 
it, and so on. You can specify a hammock 
event called “Start Sheet Rock” at the be- 
ginning of the process, and at the end of 
the process another hammock event called 


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0#v Ts1/ev*1 

WW 2 

Logic Diagrams 

Micro Planner auto- 
matically draws the 
project "road map'' 
(called logic diagrams 
or network diagrams^, 
calculates and dis- 
plays deadlines and 
resource needs. It also 
shows schedule 

238 February 1989 

Right, it’s efficient. 

Right, it’s great looking. 

Costs an arm and a leg, right? 


If you think you can’t afford computer 
workstation furniture as up-to-date as your 
Macintosh, think again. 

Breakthrough prices. The basic work- 
station (drawing A) costs less than $305. For 
under $635, you can set up the intermediate 
workstation (drawing B). And the full featured 
workstation (drawing C and photo) is less 
than $1300. Since the WorkManager'” System 
is modular, you can start small and add on 
as your needs— and resources— grow. 

Breakthrough design. The WorkManager’’ 
System has the ergonomics of high-priced 
designer furniture systems. The work surface 

is the perfect typing height for Mac keyboards, 
and features a comfortable beveled leading 
edge. A covered, recessed channel holds cables 
and surge protectors. Built-in sockets handle 
WorkManager'" accessories. 

Breakthrough construction. Strong, light- 
weight structural components are molded of 
steel reinforced Resinite*" composite. Molded- 
in color makes surfaces highly scratch resistant. 

The WorkManager" System. For people 
who need workstations as advanced as 
their computers— from the people at 
Microcomputer Accessories, Inc. 




Need a hand? Call our Microcomputer ACCESS(ories) LINE: 800/521-8270. In CA call 213/301-9400. 

USA: 5405 Jandy Place, P.O. Box 66911 • Los Angeles, CA 90066-0911 • Fax 213/306-8379 
CANADA: Call 416/259-5051 • In Canada call 800/387-7300 • Telex 06067768 FABCAN • Fax 416/259-5137 
EUROPE: Call 32.2.538.6173 • Telex 24088 CETREL • Fax 32.2.537.3777 

© Copyright 1988 Microcomputer Accessories, Inc. 276 on reader service card 


Resource Analysis 

The histograms graphically depict project de- 
mands for all resources, showing where demand 
for resources is greater than the supply (the red 
bars indicate demands that exceed supply) so 
that users can determine the best use of specific 
resources given time and budget constraints. 

“Finish Sheet Rock.” The program automat- 
ically adds up the duration of the events 
within the hammock activity. You can ac- 
cess reports that include just hammock ac- 
tivities, and you can also use hammock 
activities in allocating resources. 

Another advantage of Micro Planner is 
that it lets you consider resources such as 
employees, machinery, and supplies when 
determining the start and finish dates of ac- 
tivities. For each task you can specify two 
types of resources. Normal resources — for 
example, bulldozers or people — are avail- 
able each day. Pool resources — such as ply- 
wood sheets — are consumed. Each normal 
resource can have its own calendar. You 
can specify that a bulldozer is only avail- 
able for this project on Monday through 
Wednesday, or that a painter can only work 
in the office on weekends when no one 
else is there. The program also keeps a 
running total of pool resources, taking into 
account how much will be used at each 
activity and when new resources are ex- 
pected to arrive. 

Once you input the resources, the 
time each activity is expected to take, and 
the sequence of activities. Micro Planner 
can do either a Forward Pass, which speci- 
fies the earliest day the project can be com- 
pleted given a specific start date, or a Back- 
ward Pass, which gives the latest day the 
project must be started if it is to be com- 
pleted by a given deadline. 

The program can generate a number 
of reports and diagrams. The Network Dia- 
gram is a graphical representation of all the 
activities; the Bar Chart shows activities 

along a time scale; the Activity Listing 
shows all activities, along with their stop 
and start dates; and the Progress Report 
compares the actual performance with 
projected performance. 

Micro Planner is MultiFinder compati- 
ble and can be used on an AppleShare net- 
work. It also allows transparent file transfer 
with its IBM PC version. 

Steep Learning Curve 

Because project management is a 
complicated discipline, it is natural that a 
program like Micro Planner is not easy to 
learn. It could be made easier by providing 
a more familiar user interface. For exam- 
ple, when you input data, you can only 
scroll over a limited part of the document 
using the scroll bar. Then you have to click 
at the side of the screen to move the data 
and get more room to scroll. Also, some 
boxes do not have Close or Cancel buttons. 

Micro Planner's color-coded CPM lets you deter- 
mine which tasks must be completed immediately 
if a given deadline is to be met (red), which ones 
have been completed (blue), and which ones can 
be delayed without affecting the deadline (extra 
days are indicated by boxes outlined in green). 

And to enter data from an options list, you 
cannot just double-click, you must select 
the data and press enter. 

Steep as it is, the learning curve on 
Micro Planner doesn’t look so bad when 
compared with the majority of project 
managers running on PCs, DEC minis, and 
IBM mainframes. And Micro Planner can 
compete with any other system in terms of 
versatility and power — Lawrence Stevens 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

QuickBASIC 1.0 

Integrated BASIC compiler and interpreter. 
Pros: Good integration of compiler and inter- 
preter; provides access to Macintosh Toolbox 
routines; can generate 68020 code; quick run- 
time performance. Cons: Compiling an applica- 
tion is slow; poor index in manual. Company: 
Microsoft. List price: $99. Requires: 1MB. 

In the past there were a variety of 
reasons not to program in BASIC 
on the Macintosh. Programmers 
complained of an inability to directly ac- 
cess the Mac’s toolbox routines, a severe 
lack of control structures, antiquated de- 
bugging tools, and no suppon for linking 
to other languages. In addition, BASIC was 
interpreted, not compiled, and was there- 
fore slow. 

With the latest release of QuickBASIC, 
Microsoft has responded to these griev- 
ances, fusing its BASIC compiler and BASIC 
interpreter into a sophisticated and diverse 
implementation of the language. 

QuickBASIC comes with two 800K 
disks: a program disk and an examples 
disk, both packed with programs. Also in- 
cluded is a 571-page manual so hefty that I 
constantly referred to items in the index. 
Most of the topics I needed, though, had 
no reference, since only the most obvious 
topics are indexed. 

Version 1.0 of QuickBASIC comes with 
two compiler/interpreters on the program 
disk. A decimal version generates BCD 
code suited for financial applications, and a 
binary version generates IEEE code more 
suited to scientific applications. Quick- 
BASIC also includes three run-time pack- 
ages, for BCD code, IEEE code, and for 
running with a 68881 coprocessor. Included 
on the examples disk are many informative 
and well-commented example programs, 
as well as source-code utility programs 
written in QuickBASIC that enable you to 
create cursor and pattern resources. 

The Toolbox, Debugger, and 

Many languages that run on the Mac 
require intimate knowledge of the Mac 
toolbox and its calls. QuickBASIC makes 


240 February 1989 



4 \ 


William Lombardo, Modelmaking & Illustration 
Created with Sioivel 3D and PixelPaint 

superb presentation tool... 
Swivel 3D raises the standard of 
3’D graphics on the Macintosh.” 
Joost Romeu, MacWeek 

”lfs a speed-demon. It*s your 
basic $395 must-have.” 

Salvatore Parascadolo, MacUser 

^Creating objects with complex 
surfaces couldn't be easier... only 
Swivel 3D lets you cast shadows 
on images.” 

David Peltz, MacWorld 

Roy Santiago, Business Presentation 
Animated Swivel 3D images in VideoWorks 

”An amazing 3-D visualization 
tool that is easier to use than 
any of the 3-D packages....” 
Laslo Vespremi, MacWeek 

”The most intuitive interface ever 
created for moving around in a 
computer environment.... 
A visualization tool that will keep 
you up around the clock — 
with a smile on your face.” 
Jack Davis, Verbum 

Jim Ludtke, Graphic Artist 

Magazine illustration created with Swivel 3D. 

Paracomp Redefines the 
Graphics Standard 

Swivel 3D, the essential Graphics Tool 

Swivel 3D lets you create stunning graphics never before possible. 
By simply rotating, scaling and casting shadows. Swivel 3D 
generates a linutless amount of images from a single 3D 
drawing. Explore presentation ideas quickly — you have 
the power to produce your best graphic presentations and 

Create beautiful illustrations by combining the visual power 
of Swivel 3D's images with the special effects found in 
today's graphic applications. Swivel SID's presentation 
images can be easily moved to popular paint and draw 
programs. For animation. Swivel 3D pastes a series of color 
animation frames to the Scrapbook which you can easily 
import into VideoWorks or HyperCard. 

Swivel 3D is the first and only program to feature Linking. 
Linking allows you to create realistic images with wheels, 
doors, levers, arms, legs, and objects that move. 

An extensive library of images, 
shapes and alphabets, is included. 

Swivel 3D is a powerful graphics 
program for anyone involv^ in 
animation, business presentations, 
and graphic design — it is the 
essential tool for all of your graphic 

for the Macintosh. 

Suggested Retail 
Price: $395 

P A 1? A O A/f P Minimum System 

1 lx Jl\ Vw. Xy iVl 1 Requirements: 1 meg 

mm mm 

Paracomp, Inc. 

123 Townsend Street, Suite 310 
San Francisco, CA 94107, 415-543-3848 

Swivel 3D is a trademark of Young Harvill/VPL Research, Inc, Other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. 

Circle 21 3 on reader service card 


Imagine what you could do with an advanced 
drawing program that was actually easy to use, 

A program that could give you the freedom 
to create more with your Macintosh® than any 
other drawing program; even work as sophisticat- 
ed as the illustrations in this ad. 

That’s the power of Aldus® FreeHand™ 2.0. 
And here are some of the things you’ll be able to 
do with it. 

!■ Achieve unequalled control over your 
type. Curve text on a path, create stroked and filled 

type, and mix sizes, styles, fonts and colors in the 
same type block. 2« Not only can you import 
PICT, EPS and TIFF images, you can actually work 
with them. There’s no easier way to enhance 
existing artwork. 3a Choose graduated, radial 
and patterned fills fi*om our extensive library, or 
create your own PostScript®-language fill patterns 
for special effects. 4« Now PANTONE®* Colors 
are available in Aldus FreeHand 2.0. So it’s easy 
to see and specify the colors you want. 5a Use 
the autotrace function to convert any PICT or 










pantone* |one* 





scanned TIFF image to instant line art. It’ll both 
save time and expand your options. Ga Our 
blend feature allows you to transform one shape 
into another and produce airbrush effects with 
colors. 7a A built-in color separation capability 
for spot and process color makes it easy to out- 
put separated film — saving hours of production 
time. 8a Make short work of technical 
drawings with the most comprehensive set of 
advanced PostScript-language tools available; 
plus a set of familiar Macintosh drawing tools. 

To experience creative freedom first-hand 
visit an authorized Aldus dealer, or call 1-800-333- 

2538, Department C-2 to order a free self-running 

411 First Avenue South, Seattle, WA 98104 (206) 622-5500. 

*Pantone, Inc.’s check-standard trademark for color reproduction and color reproduction materials. 
tOffer expires April 30. 1989 and is good in U.S. and Canada only. The demo disk requires a 
Macintosh Plus. SE or II. 

Aldus and the Aldus logo are registered trademarks and Aldus FreeHand is a trademark of Aldus 
Corporation. PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Inc. Macintosh is a registered 
trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. PANTONE* is a registered trademark of Pantone, Inc. Process 
color reproduction may not match PANTONE* identified solid color standards. Refer to current 
PANTONE* Color Publications for the accurate color. ©1988 Aldus Corporation. All rights reserved. 

Circle 329 on reader service card 

Better yet, all tax programs should 
think like this one. 

MacInTax Federal for the 
Apple Macintosh? 

Simply put, MacInTax whisks you 
through stacks of receipts and W-2’s by 
allowing you to enter data direcdy into 
72 IRS forms, schedules, worksheets 
and statements displayed on-screen 
in identical IRS format. The program 
totals all entered amounts, automati- 
cally makes all tax calculations, 
and instandy links data to and from 
individual forms, schedules, work- 
sheets and statements. 

It even checks your input and helps you 
prevent iUogical, inconsistent or 
incomplete entries. 

©SoftViw, Inc. 1988. SoftView, MacInTax and the SoftViw logo are registered trademarks of SoftVie\\; Inc. 

The complete IRS instruction booklet 
is stored on a line-by-line basis. 

What’s more MacInTax lets you easily 
import text files from a variety of 
outside spreadsheet, database and 
accounting programs. 

When you’re ready to sign and send 
your completed return, the program 
prints forms and schedules identical to 
the official IRS versions (complete with 
your data) onto blank paper using your 
supported laser or dot-matrix printer. 
Of course, all printed forms are fully 

MacInTax Federal 1988 

One look and it’s easy to see why, each 
year, users give this program their 
highest rating. 

To order your copy publisher-direct, 
caU SoftView at 1-800-622-6829. Or, 
visit any one of 10,000 retailers offering 

MacIn'Ikx Federal for the 
Apple Macintosh. 

SoftView® Inc. 

4820 Adohr Lane, Suite F 
Camarillo, CA 93010 
(805) 388-2626 

Apple and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer. Inc. 

Circle 41 9 on reader service card 

All tax programs should look 
and print like this one. 


SSj- ::r 




all this automatic so that the developer can 
concentrate on ideas, rather than getting 
lost in typical Macintosh housekeeping de- 
tails. A routine named ToolBox lets you ac- 
cess toolbox routines based on the trap ad- 
dress and other parameters. QuickBASIC 
also enables you to create and access li- 
braries. Another powerful feature is the 
ability to call routines written in other lan- 
guages (such as LightSpeedC, assembly 
language, or any language that can gener- 
ate pure code resources) to fine-tune the 
QuickBASIC application. 

Compiling Options 

QuickBASIC offers many different compiling op’ 
tions, including creating static arrays, Error List 
files, Program List files, and generating 68020 

Microsoft has provided a good BASIC 
debugger in QuickBASIC, with which you 
can both step through and trace through a 
program. In Step Mode, each time you 
press a key, the next statement in the pro- 
gram is executed and surrounded by a 
rectangle (the same result occurs when the 
interpreter finds an error). In Trace Mode 
this process is automated. By using the 
IRON and TROFF calls to surround se- 
lected sections of program code, you can 
watch specific parts of your program exe- 
cute at a slower pace. One of the nicest fea- 
tures of the Trace Mode is that you can see 
each of the graphic call statements in your 
program as it executes. You can also set dy- 
namic breakpoints by selecting an option 
on the menu or by dragging a small Stop 
icon to a chosen spot in your program. 

QuickBASIC’s editor is fully equipped. 
While editing you can cut, paste, and copy; 
unfortunately, the Undo function has not 
yet been implemented. When you press the 
Return key or move the cursor to a new 
line, each QuickBASIC reserved word is 
boldfaced. I liked this feature, but could 
find no way to disable it for those who 
may not. 

In the Search menu you can find, 
search, and replace text (there is no wrap- 
around option). You can also get informa- 
tion about specific QuickBASIC reserved 
words by placing the cursor on the desired 
line and selecting Get Info. You can change 
this stored information with the Set Info 
option to suit your programming style. The 
final touch is the Bookmark option, which 
lets you mark lines of your program that 
you want to return to quickly. Using the 
Next Bookmark option you can easily tra- 
verse the bookmarks you have set. 

The Compiler 

QuickBASIC comes with two com- 
pilers, one for the BCD format and another 
for the IEEE format. These compilers offer 
many options: compiling the run-time 
code directly into a program, generating 
code for the 68020 processor or the 68881 
coprocessor, generating static arrays, cre- 
ating an error list, and many more (see 
“Compiling Options”). 

I did a simple benchmark on the 
speed of the QuickBASIC compiler and in- 
terpreter, using the Sieve of Eratosthenes. 
To perform the tests I used QuickBASIC’s 
binary (IEEE) compiler on a standard Mac 
II with 1 megabyte of memory. 

The interpreter took 28 seconds to ex- 
ecute the Sieve. QuickBASIC’s compile 
time (22 seconds) is not as fast as that of 
other languages. It took 4.2 seconds to exe- 
cute; with the 68020 and 68881 options en- 
abled, however, this time was reduced to 
2.3 seconds. I also ran the Sieve under 
Symantec’s LightSpeedC and found that al- 
though that language compiled machine 
code much faster than QuickBASIC did, it 
executed the Sieve in a comparable 
amount of time. 

Quick and Basic 

Microsoft has listened to its users and 
modified the language it helped spawn 
into a powerful product. This new version 
of QuickBASIC bridges the gap between a 
serious development tool and an easy-to- 
use learning tool. From its quick run-time 
performance to its inherent ease of pro- 
gramming, QuickBASIC will surely entice 
some of those disenchanted programmers. 
— David J. Rudolph 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Compatible File 

AlisaSbare 1. 0. Pros: Enables transparent ac- 
cess to Mac files on VAX server; allows VAX users 
to share files with Mac users; supports all features 
of Apple's AppleTalk Filing Protocol. Cons: Best 
performance cannot be achieved while provid- 
ing AlisaTalk 's other services unless second Ether- 
net controller is installed in VAX. Company: 
Alisa Systems. List price: Version 1.1 running on 
MicroVAX 2000 $4700, for larger VAXes up to 
$21,000. Requires: DEC VAX; Mac 512KE; Local- 
Talk with Ethernet gateway orEtherTalk. 

PacerSbare 1. 0, Pros: Enables transparent 
access to Mac files on VAX server; allows VAX 
users to share files with Mac users. Cons: Does 
7iot support AppleShare's Guest logon or drop 
folders. Company: Pacer Software. List price: 
For 5 users $2400, for 500 users $45,000. 
Requires: DEC VAX; Mac 512KE; LocalTalk with 
Ethernet gateway or EtherTalk. 

^ While we wait for Apple and Digi- 
tal Equipment Corporation (DEC) 
"• to determine how their two sys- 
tems and networks will interact, 
third-party developers are filling 
the connectivity gaps. AlisaShare 
and PacerShare now provide the Apple- 
Share file server interface to Mac users 
connected to VAX computers running the 
VMS operating system. With either pack- 
age you can benefit both from the larger 
disks usually found on VAXes and from the 
regular backups from VAX system opera- 
tors. You can even exchange files with your 
VAX coUvSins. 

AlisaShare and PacerShare are but a 
part of the VAX-based networking pack- 
ages offered by their respective companies. 
Alisa Systems’ AlisaTalk includes network 
virtual-terminal support as well as print 
services for PostScript printers on Apple- 
Talk or connected directly to VAXes, in ad- 
dition to the new AlisaShare file services. 
Pacer Software’s PacerLink supports vir- 
tual disks and print servers for VAXes as 
well as terminal emulation with multiple 
session capability. AlisaShare and Pacer- 
Share can both be installed and operated 
independently of the rest of the VAX soft- 
ware from the two companies. 


Macworld 245 

“The Implications 
of this Product are 

This is a Great Product!” 

Ezra Sh^iro, Consulting Editor 
BYTE Magazine, Feb., ’88 

Freedom to choose the best! 

The Grappler LS, Grappler LQ and Grappler 
C/Mac/GS give you the freedom to use the 
printer you want with your Macintosh Plus, SE 
or II. No longer are you constrained by 
Apple’s limited printer options. Whether you 
need special printer features, portability or 
just a lower price tag, the Grapplers now 
leave the choice up to you. Wide carriage dot matrix, porta- 
ble 24 pin output, 300 dpi on an H.P. DeskJet ( $995 sug- 
gested retail) or just getting productive use out of the old 
parallel printer in the closet, the Grapplers do it all! With 
support for popular Epson, Okidata, Toshiba and Hewlett 
Packard printers, and many more, the Grapplers will inter- 
face the large majority of the printers available today. 

Choosing the Right Grappler 

The Grapplers are computing devices and software that 
work like translators, modifying ImageWriter print output so 
your printer can understand it. The Grappler C/Mac/GS 
makes 9 pin printers work like the ImageWriter II. The Grap- 
pler LQ drives 24 pin and parallel HP compatible laser 
printers as if they were ImageWriter LQ. And the Grappler LS 
connects serial HP compatible printers, including the 300 
DPI Hewlett Packard DeskJet, to your Macintosh. All you do 

e Orange Micro, ln&. 1988 
Grappler: Macintosh. ImageVM-iter. Apple; DeskJet are 
trademarks of Orange Micro, Inc., Apple Computer, Inc., and 
the Hewlett Packard Co.. Inc., respectiveiy. 

is set the Grappler for your printer, plug it 
in and start printing. Your Mac thinks it’s 
talking to an ImageWriter, so all your software 
will continue to operate as usual. 

Experience in Printer Connectivity 

Over 700,000 Grapplers have connected 
Apples and printers for over eight years. Now, 
you can connect your Macintosh to your 
choice of 162 different printers with the same 
reliability and confidence. 

NEW! Powerful Grappler® 
Spooler for Grappler 
C/Mac/GS users 

The new Grappler ^ 

Spooler allows you 
to work on your 
Mac even while your printer 
is printing. This time saving %> 

software loads easily into^ 
your System Folder and is 
accessed through the Mac^^^^ ^ 

Control Panel, permitting 
extensive user control. Queue 
commands include*. Move to 

Top, Delete, Defer/Restore, Cancel, Pause and more. The 
Grappler Spooler stores print jobs in seconds, uses minimal 
disk space, and is fully compatible with the Finder and Muli- 
Finder. Let the Grappler Spooler take your time back from 
your printer. 

HOfonge fTlkrd 

1400 N. Lakeview Ave., Anaheim. CA 92807 
(800) 223-8029 or (714) 779-2772 in CA 


Circle 575 on reader service card 


Moving Along 

Mac SE -► MicroVAX 2000 MicroVAX 2000 Mac SE Duplicate on MicroVAX 2000 Mac SE -♦ Mac SE 

Transfer File 

Alisa (B) Alisa (“B) 

Pacer Alisa (-B) 


Alisa (B) Alisa (-B) 


5K data, OK resource 











14Kdata, IK resource 











93K data, OK resource 











OK data, 256K resource 











296k data, OK resource 











Launch Application 

MacWrite 5.0 




MS Excel 1.04 








ReadySetGo 4 




Moving Along 

Different sizes and types of files were transferred between a Mac SE with applications from the server All times are in seconds and are averages 

an internal 20MB hard disk and a MicroVAX 2000 running either of three transfers. Alisa ( B)is AlisaShare with the AppleTalk for VMS 

AlisaShare or PacerShare. The SE was connected to Ethernet with a Ki- bridge, Alisa ( -B) bypasses the bridge, Pacer is PacerShare. 

netics EtherPort SE card. Times are also shown for launching various 

AlisaShare and PacerShare are de- 
signed to provide AppleShare-like services 
to Macintosh workstations connected to a 
VAX. The Mac workstations must have 
some type of Ethernet link, either direcdy 
(for example, using an Ethernet interface 
board in an SE or a II) or via a LocalTalk- 
Ethernet gateway (for example, using the 
Kinetics FastPath). AlisaShare supports two 
types of software access to the VAX’s Ether- 
net controller: you can use either the 
bridging software that’s a part of AppleTalk 
for VMS (which AlisaTalk dso uses), or you 
can bypass the bridging software and ac- 
cess the controller direcdy. PacerShare cur- 
rendy accesses the Ethernet controller 
direcdy, but you can run PacerShare along- 
side AppleTalk for VMS by replacing a mod- 
ule within AppleTalk for VMS with one pro- 
vided by Pacer. 

Is It Really AppleShare? 

Since the Macintosh and VAX A^S do 
not implement the same style of file secu- 
rity (while the Mac has no security, Apple- 
Share software provides security on server 
volumes), Alisa and Pacer were faced with 
the problem of satisfying the security re- 
quirements of both systems. The diamet- 
rically opposed routes the two companies 
took may satisfy either the Mac or VAX 
user, but not necessarily both at the 
same time. 

Alisa’s approach is to be completely 
compatible with Apple’s AppleTalk Filing 

Protocol (AFP) specifications that form the 
basis of AppleShare. In doing so, Alisa en- 
sures that AlisaShare supports all of the 
AppleShare features, such as drop folders 
(write-only folders) and guest accounts. 
Thus, although a Mac user must have a VMS 
account to use AlisaShare, AppleShare sup- 
ports Guest logons with guest accounts on 
the VAX. Files and See Folders are two dif- 
ferent levels of access under AFP, but they 
are represented as a single level of protec- 
tion under VMS. AlisaShare maintains in- 
formation within a special VMS catalog file 
to offer this distinction to the Mac user. 

On the other hand, PacerShare sup- 
ports only those aspects of AFP that can be 
implemented through VMS, using privi- 
leges that a user would normally have. For 
example, since VMS operations that re- 
quire write access also require read access, 
the AppleShare concept of drop folders is 
not mirrored by VMS and is not imple- 
mented by PacerShare. Also, Pacer has de- 
cided not to allow any AppleShare Guest 
logons, even though a VAX administrator 
could create a special guest account. 

Both servers have incorporated some 
of the features of VAXA^S account securi- 
ty. VMS users who are restricted to logging 
on at certain times of the day, for example, 
will be able to use AlisaShare or Pacer- 
Share only in that restricted time period. 
Other factors — such as network access, 

user privileges, and disk quotas— also may 
have a bearing on server access. 

Handling Files 

On the Mac, each file has a data fork 
and a resource fork, as well as added infor- 
mation that’s used by the Finder (such as 
Creator and Type). A VAXA^S file is a sin- 
gular entity. For each Mac file both Alisa 
and Pacer create an extra VAX file that 
stores the resource fork of a Mac file when 
the file is copied to the server volume on 
the VAX. In addition, the VAX directory 
maintains a special information file to store 
Finder-related information. These extra 
files are not visible to the Mac user but are 
used by AlisaShare and PacerShare to pro- 
vide compatibility between the two 

The presence of these extra files in 
the VAX directories that represent the 
AppleShare folders poses a special prob- 
lem for the VAX operator. First, the VAX 
operator must be sure to back up both the 
data file and resource file for each Mac file, 
as well as the extra file that contains the 
Finder-related information. If this is not 
done, a restore operation will not recreate 
the original Mac file and the restored file 
may prove to be unusable. On the Mac side 
no such problems occur, as both Alisa- 
Share and PacerShare create the entire Mac 
file when it’s copied to a device on the 
user’s Mac. 


Macworld 247 

TextPert Reader. 

We’ve got a new 
concept in Optical 
Character Recognition 
for the Mac. It’s called 

We’ll show you five good 
reasons that make 
TextPert the 
most intelligent OCR 
purchase you can make. 

1 Flexibility 

Flexibility in the type of 
document you want to read 
-(TextPert can read documents 
as simple as mono-spaced, 
typewritten pages or as 
complex as newspapers and 
telephone directories). Flexibility 
to read any text - bold, italic, 
written in a foreign language with 
special characters, or written in 
an unusual font. Flexibility in 
choosing the scanner you want to 
use or turning the scanner you 
already have into an Expert 
Text Reader- (we work with all 
Macintosh compatible scanners 
on the market). 



Ability to read columns of 
kerned text from 4 to 36 points in 
size printed on poor quality 
paper. Ability to read columns or 
tables of information, maintain 
their format, and import them 
into databases. Ability to read 
text even if it has up to a 25% 



TextPert is compatible with 
you. It is intuitively written to 
modify the reading parameters 
au{,omatically according to the 
document it is reading. And it is 
compatible with all of the major 
word-processing and page layout 
programs available on the 



TextPert gives you the 
power and functionality of large 
OCR systems at a fraction of the 

5 It Works 

Unlike other programs 
which claim to give you large 
system functionality at a fraction 
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Circle 400 on reader service card 


Fast on Its Feet? 

While a VAX may offer more storage 
space for files, it won’t necessarily be- 
come a faster server for your network — 
especially if you’re already hooked up to 
an AppleShare server via Ethernet. It takes 
about the same amount of time for a single 
user to transfer files between a Mac SE and 
a MicroVAX 2000-based server as it does 
between a Mac SE~based AppleShare 
server on Ethernet and the VAX (see “Mov- 
ing Along”). 

When you run AlisaShare through an 
AppleTalk for VMS bridge, you can also use 
AlisaTalk’s print services, but AlisaShare 
runs slower than PacerShare. To get the 
same performance from AlisaShare as from 
PacerShare, you must link directly to the 
Ethernet controller, w'hich prevents Apple- 
Talk for VMS from running through the 
same controller. On the other hand, adding 
another Ethernet controller to the VAX 
allows you to use both AppleTalk for VMS 
and the faster configuration of AlisaShare; 
this is not an unusual solution, as many 
larger VAXes have two different buses and 
often have an Ethernet controller on 
each bus. 

The Bottom Line 

Using a low-end MicroVAX as a server 
is not necessarily a better choice than using 
a Mac II running AppleShare (the mini- 
mum MicroVAX would sell for around 
$10,000, while a Mac II with a large disk 
might cost $6000). On the other hand, bet- 
ter performance can be achieved with Digi- 
tal’s larger, faster VAXes — an option that 
would certainly be appealing to companies 
already using such machines. 

The choice of AlisaShare or Pacer- 
Share depends on your needs. If your Mac 

Is It Real or Is It MemoVAX? 

Opening an AlisaShare volume on the VAX, the 
user sees the regular icons for Macintosh files 
(first three files, upper row) as well as custom 
icom assigned by AlisaShare to files that were 
transferred to the AlisaShare volume by VAX 
users (.Com, .Exe, .Obj, .Mai, Stb files). 

users already know AppleShare and work 
with drop folders and Guest logons, then 
AlisaShare should be your choice. And if 
you expect to use mail or multiuser appli- 
cations that depend on AFP’s guest logons 
or drop boxes to operate properly, then 
again, you’ll want AlisaShare. 

While both systems utilize standard 
VMS security for the VAX-resident files, 
PacerShare offers the added capability of 
Access Control Lists ( ACLs) for security as 
well as resource accounting. If you need 
this type of security then you’ll prefer 
PacerShare . — Dave Kosiur 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Early Reading 

Reader Rabbit Pros: Challenging, i aried 
games for a wide range of reading levels: 
customizable difficulty and speed levels; great 
graphics and sounds; excellent documetitation. 
Cons: Children may find this game addictive. 
Company: The Learning Company. List price: 
$59.95. Requires: 512K. 

Alphabet Blocks LO Pros: Digitized i oice 
and Hyper Animation provide realistic phonetic 
sounds. Cons: Games are static and repetitive: 
cannot be customized. Company: Bright Star 
Technology. List price: $59.95. Requires: 1MB, 
double sided disks. 

jpC) It is best to select educational soft- 
ware for children, as you would 
their clothing and shoes, with a lot 
of growing room and a little skep- 
ticism. As motivating as computers 
can be, there is no guarantee that 
a child will learn simply by sitting down in 
front of one. Reader Rabbit, from the 
Learning Company, and Alphabet Blocks, 
from Bright Star Technology; are tw^o Mac- 
intosh programs for beginning readers. Al- 
though they teach different skills in differ- 
ent ways, they share a common audience 
and a common goal: to make the Macintosh 
an interesting and entertaining tutor. Of 
the two programs, Reader Rabbit is the 
more successful. 

Teaching Reading's Hidden Skills 

Reader Rabbit, a series of four games 
that challenge beginning readers four to 
seven years old, shines at teaching reading 
skills. Noticing details, finishing tasks. 

matching patterns, and solving problems 
are some of the skills that good readers 
have mastered; yet these skills are difficult 
to teach. Reader Rabbit finds ways to do it 
combining great visuals with funny sounds 
and constant motion. 

The Sorter game asks children to 
practice identifying letters by storing 
words that match a given pattern on the 
shelves of a gigantic machine. In the La- 
beler game, children unscramble the 
names of three related pictures. Hints 
based on the positions of letters help to dif- 
ferentiate beginning, middle, and ending 
sounds. Word Train is more difficult. Chil- 
dren must fill up a train with three w^ords, 
each of wiiich differs from the preceding 
w'ord by' one letter. This game helps de- 
velop creative problem-solving and pat- 
tern-matching abilities. The fourth game. 
Match Up, is a computer variation on the 
old favorite. Concentration. Children match 
cards containing words, pictures, or 
sounds. Match Up helps improve spatial 
awareness, concentration, and memory. 

Each Reader Rabbit game is challeng- 
ing in a different way and alway^s fun to 
play. Words fall into the trash can with a re- 
sounding thunk, trains roll away to a mer- 
ry tune, and Reader Rabbit dances a spir- 
ited jig to celebrate a child's mastery of a 
given task. The games provide constant 
feedback: highlighting incorrect words and 
greeting them with a spoken uh oh, put- 
ting correct words in bold type, and aw^ard- 
ing winners carrots from Reader Rabbit. 
Each game ends with a review of the words 
and pictures presented. 

Structured Practice 

To provide cumulative learning, words 
missed in one round reappear in the next, 
along with new^ w'ords of a similar level of 
difficulty. The program thus provides chil- 
dren with a structured practice of specific 
reading skills, building on strengths while 
working to improve weaknesses. 

Although Reader Rabbit succeeds ad- 
mirably at getting and keeping a child’s at- 
tention, educators clearly designed it to 
complement a school program and provide 
parents with a tool for reinforcing reading 
skills at home. Parents or teachers can ad- 
just the speed, level of difficulty, and vocab- 
ulary using pull-down menus, providing an 
added level of control. 

The documentation outlines the skills 
covered by each game and comes with 
word lists and follow-up activities. It in- 
cludes over 200 three-letter words and 


Macworld 249 

Why do so many Mac II Owners Choose National? 

Because National memory 
expansion cards give them: 

1. Top A/LX performance 
Apple + A/UX ™ + National 

adds up to a powerful workstation. 
One that gives them the highest 
performance for their memory- 
hungry A/UX applications. 

What applications do you have 
in mind? Software development, 
CAD/CAM, high resolution 
graphics, large databases, or multi- 
user applications? The NS8/16 
memory expansion card has the 
power to unleash your creativity. 

2. Up to 16 Mbytes of memory in a 
single NuBus slot 

1MB RAM chips to save power 
consumption and card slots. 

And they’re 100ns chips to give 
top performance. Your applications 
will run dramatically faster. 

Y)ur Mac II™can hold up to five 
NS8/16’s, for up to 80 Mbytes 
of RAM. 

3. Full A/UX Compatibility 

The device driver is included. 
A/UX uses the NS8/16 as system 
memory so all of your A/UX 
programs will run without any 

Also included is software that 
allows the expanded memoiy 
to be used as a RAM disk in the 
standard Mac operating system. 

You get a full five-year warranty 
and support from the leader in 
add-in products for the Mac II. 

Join the satisfied Mac II 
users who have chosen 
National memory expansion cards 

CaU today 1-800-538-8510 

(in California 1-800-345-4006) 



Circle 196 on reader service card 

Compatible Products Group Macintosh, Mac ll, and A/UX are trademarks 
Tel: 408-562-4719 of Apple Computer Inc. 

Go for a drive 
that lasts longer than 
the average cat 

Introducing the only Macintosh hard drives with 
a full 5 Year Limited Warranty. 

In this age of temporary, disposable, better-to-replace- 
it-than-repair-it products. Microtech brings you the 
totally unexpected. 

And that’s a complete line of fast, powerful hard 
disk drives for the Macintosh, each one designed and 
built so well we can confidently offer an unprecedented 
5 year warranty.* 

Which means, very simply, that you can fully expect 
the Nova internal and external drive you install today 
to be quietly storing and retrieving your files long after 
some other drives have retired. 

You can choose the Nova 30MB drive, the all-time 
best-seller in the Microtech line. Or the new 40 and 
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which measure you use. Or the remarkable Nova 120, 
featuring more megabytes per dollar than anything 
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But no matter which Microtech drive you choose, 
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*The five year warranty is offered at no additional cost on hard disk drives sold and delivered in the United States or Canada. Certain restrictions and exclusions appl>’. Terms and conditions of the 
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C 1988 Microtech International, Inc. NOVA is a trademark of Microtech International, Inc. Macintosh is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. DisCache is a trademark of Quantum Corporation. 

Circle 458 on reader service card 


The Sorter Game 
Children practice let- 
ter-recognition skills 
by selecting words that 
match a given pattern. 
i\ew words emerge 
from the left side of the 
Sorter machine. The 
player mast select 
those that match the 
pattern. If the player is 
too slow or decides 
that the word doestTt 
match, the word falls 
into the trash can. 

more than 50 pictures and slioiild provide 
many hours of learning and fun. 

Newfangled Phonics 

Alphabet Blocks is designed to teach 
phonics to children three to eight years 
old. Although it claims to be an integrated 
product using revolutionary technology to 
teach traditional phonics, it fails for an old- 
fashioned reason: it doesn’t capture the 
short attention span of its intended 

Made up of two parts, Letter Names 
and Letter Sounds, Alphabet Blocks is set 
in a child’s playroom. An elf presides over 
a pile of old-fashioned alphabet blocks and 
a toy soldier. By clicking on a light bulb 
hanging from the ceiling, a child can hear 
the elf pronounce either the letters’ names 
or their sounds. Clicking on the toy soldier 
causes him to stand up or sit down, making 
the letters on the blocks alternate between 
upper- and lowercase. Click on the elf, and 
he asks you to identify a given letter or 
sound. When the child selects the block, a 

To reinforce the learning of phonics, Alphabet 
Blocks enables the child to choose a letter, hear 
the elf say the letter's sound, and see a picture 
that illustrates the sound being taught. 

picture that illustrates the sound being 
taught flashes, matching a book of alphabet 
pictures that comes with the program. 

Unlike Reader Rabbit, Alphabet 
Blocks is repetitive to hear and static to 
watch. Using a proprietary system of My- 
perAnimation that synchronizes voice and 
motion, the program was designed to have 
the elf say the names and sounds of the let- 
ters in the most natural manner possible. 
Unfortunately, the elf speaks in a monotone 
and says virtually the same thing every 

The elf has a limited set of facial ex- 
pressions, and his movements are confined 
to a small frame in the upper-left corner of 
the screen. Besides smiling at correct re- 
sponses, the elf’s only other trick is to fall 
asleep after the mouse has been inactive 
for 30 seconds. An appropriate response. 
Any child I know would probably be off in 
another room playing with something else 
long before the elf nods off 

Patient, or Unimaginative? 

Touted as an endlessly patient tutor. 
Alphabet Blocks is actually a rather unim- 
aginative teacher. The program’s repetitive 
cycle asks a question and then waits a full 
15 seconds before repeating it. During the 
waiting period the elf’s eyes roll, nothing 
else moves, and there is no sound. The first 
time I ran the program I was sure it was 
stuck or broken. What would a five-year-old 

Worse, Alphabet Blocks seems to en- 
courage the kind of rote memorization and 
blind guessing that take the fun and magic 
out of learning to read. Rather than pre- 
senting the child with a variety of ques- 
tions and ways to answer them, the pro- 
gram asks the same questions and gives 

the same hints ever}' time. Because chil- 
dren learn in different w'ays, such repeti- 
tion reduces the possibility for learning — 
if a child doesn’t understand the question, 
repeating it won’t help. 

Alphabet Blocks doesn’t successfully 
justify its cost. There is nothing about the 
program that is more interesting, more 
challenging, or more motivating than tradi- 
tional methods of teaching phonics to 
young children. Songs, stories, puppets, 
and wooden alphabet blocks would be a 
better investment of parents’ time and 
money and w^ould provide far better 
memories a few N’ears down the line. 

— Liza Weiman 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Analysis Software 

StatView 5£+ Graphics 1. 02 Pros: Simple, 
intuitive operation; superior graphics custo- 
mization. Cons: No time series or cluster 
analysis; no 3-D plots. Company: Abacus 
Concepts. List price: Version 1.03 $39995. 
Requires: 1MB, two HOOK drives or hard disk. 

Systat 3*2 Pros: The most complete Mac 
statistics system; includes 3-D plotting. Cons: 
Modules are really separate applications; 
interface not Mac-like. Company: Systat. 

List price: $595. Requires: 1MB, 2MB for 
coprocessor; hard disk recommended. 


The field of statistical analysis pre- 
sents two challenges to micro- 
computers: memory and graphics. 
Currently, only the Macintosh can 
meet these challenges success- 
fully. That’s why the Mac has de- 
veloped a following among statisticians. 
This review looks at upgrades of tw'o mar- 
ket leaders. StatView' SE4- Graphics is 
aimed at statistics users who need ad- 
vanced presentation graphics; Systat 3 2 is 
targeted more toward research and aca- 
demic users w'ho require a range of 

A View of the Stats 

SiatView' SE+ Graphics is the latest re- 
sult of the continuing evolution of StatView 
512+, the perennial favorite in Macworlcfs 


151 l-chruary 1989 

©Eastman Kodak Company, 1988 

High-quality color desktop publishing is a reality for APPLE 
MACINTOSH II users with the EIKONIX 1435 Slide Scanner. 

This fast, easy-to-operate scanning device can digitize 35 mm 
mounted or unmounted color transparencies, movie frames — even 
aperture cards, typically in less than three minutes. And it does it 
with a resolution and dynamic range found only in larger, more 
expensive scanners and cameras. 

The 1435 Slide Scanner is ideally suited to such applications 
as advertising, presentation graphics, desktop publishing, photo- 
journalism, and printing and publishing. 

A user need only digitize a color slide with the EIKONIX 1435 
Slide Scanner, store the 24-bit image data to disk, and then manip- 
ulate, retouch, and color correct the image with photodesign soft- 
ware (available from third parties) on 
a workstation. 

Compatible with a variety of 
computer buses and systems via the 
industry-standard IEEE-488 (GPIB) in- 
terface, it offers 2800 dots per inch 
resolution (3000 x 4096 pixels over 
the field of view) and dynamic range 
of up to 12 bits per pixel per color. 

For additional information, call us at 
(617) 276-7121. 




Circle 433 on reader service card 


World-Class competition. Abacus Concepts 
licensed StatView 512 -H to Brainpower sev- 
eral years ago, but has developed advanced 
variants of the program to distribute on its 

The main distinction between Stat- 
View SE+ Graphics and StatView 512+ is, 
as the name suggests, the integration of 
presentation graphics. The list of statistical 
tests in both programs is the same, and the 
StatView SE+ Graphics package includes 
the StatView 512+ manual. StatView II, 
Abacus’s other product, is similar to Stat- 
View vSE+ Graphics but includes math co- 
processor support and full color graphics 
(StatView SE+ Graphics offers only eight 
QuickDraw colors). 

Thus the Graph menu contains most 
of the new features of StatView SE+ Graph- 
ics. The original StatView already provided 
a respectable assortment of graph types, 
from the usual scattergrams and line charts 
through box plots and several styles of han- 
dling clata-point overlap (see “It’s Show- 
time for StatView’’). Now you also have de- 
tailed control, through hierarchical menus, 
of point type, line width and texture, chart 
scaling, and fill patterns. You can overlay 
legends and other text (for example, ar- 
rows connecting text to points of interest 
in a plot), and include tables directly as in- 
serts in a graph. The organizing principle 
for chart modification is the separation of 
each graphic into four superimposed 
planes: Background, Statistics, Drawing, 
and Legend. In StatView SE+ Graphics, you 
can control the artwork on each plane to 
style a data presentation for maximum 

The developers at Abacus claim that 
90 percent of the users of the original Stat- 
View requested better graphics and easier 
data-file exchange, rather than a wider 
range of tests. Thus, besides adding presen- 

Systat Looks Ahead 

Mystat shows the future fonn of Systat on the 
Mac. Unfortunately, Systat 3-2 still uses BASIO 
like commandline prompts instead of being fully 

tation charting. Abacus has enhanced the 
Import command under the File menu 
with a background program that intelli- 
gently evaluates the data in an imported 
file. In practice this means that you can 
bring an Excel file, for example, into Stat- 
View, and find that the program has prop- 
erly distinguished variables from catego- 
ries and assigned correct variable names. 
It’s exceptionally convenient. 

Systat Systematics 

While StatView provides ease of use 
and visual impact, Systat provides com- 
pleteness. Every statistical test found in 
standard undergraduate textbooks occurs 
in some module of Systat. If you need a test 
that somehow is not provided (Cochran’s 
Q? Mantel-Haenszel statistic?), Systat in- 
cludes its own version of BASIC for pro- 
gramming that function. 

This completeness is the reason for 
buying Systat. Despite a wonderful manual, 
the program is not easy to use and retains 
much of the command-line style of the 
original non-Mac program. Version 3 2, 
however, intmduces two significant ad- 

Ws Showtime for 

The StatView + Graph- 
ics View ivindow for 
plots features a com- 
plete palette of tools 
for customizing 
graphs. Control over 
charting elements ri- 
vals that of most desk- 
top presentation pack- 
ages, and the program 
offers a range of chart 
styles. The Comp menu 
lists StatVieiv's statisti- 
cal test categories. 

4 File Edit Tent Graph Uars Desc I 

Uieui Tools Z 

vances toward an improved Mac interface. 
First, Systat now features a data-manage- 
meni system that provides the usual cut, 
copy, and paste features. You can cut data 
from a table in Excel, for example, and 
paste it into Systat ’s own spreadsheetlike 
data entry template. Second, a View win- 
dow now enables you to plot a set of 
graphs and page through them on screen. 
The extensive facilities (including excellent 
3-D plotting) offered piecemeal in earlier 
versions are now more usable with the ad- 
dition of the View window. 

The graphs can now be saved to PICT 
files for further editing. While this doesn’t 
mean that Systat now competes with Stat- 
View’s lush editing facilities, it means that 
you’re no longer stuck with minimal chart 
labeling in Systat’s austere proprietary font. 
New graphing features also include vari- 
eties of exponential and contour smooth- 
ing, step smoothing, and spline functions. 

The remarkable inclusion in the new 
version is the $3 demo program (you can 
order all the copies you want, but it only 
holds 50 records per file) called Mystat. 
This program has a complete, interactive 
Macintosh interface (see “Systat Looks 
Ahead’’), with nearly complete graphing 
features, icon menu choices, and a basic as- 
sortment of statistics. The challenge facing 
Systat’s developers is to integrate all 4 
megabytes of statistics module code in a 
program that is as easy to use as Mystat. It’s 
not clear how to do this, given the memory 
and disk size limitations of the mainstream 
Macintosh market, but the resulting pro- 
gram would have no competitors. 

Let Your Purpose Be Your Guide 

Systat is shipped on five disks. It in- 
cludes program modules for descriptive 
statistics; factor analysis; nonlinear and 
multivariate linear modeling; nonpara- 
metric statistics; and cluster, correlation, 
and series analysis. Other included mod- 
ules handle graphing, construction of ta- 
bles, and data scaling. In contrast, StatView 
SE+ Graphics fits on one disk, offering 
standard descriptive and comparative (AN- 
OVA) statistics, factor analysis, nonpara- 
metrics, and presentation graphics that 
rival the best stand-alone packages (for ex- 
ample, Cricket Graph). Although their mar- 
kets overlap, the upgrades of StatView and 
Systat mainly enhance StatView’s position 
as a business package and Systat’s position 
as a research standard . — Charles Seiler 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

254 February 1989 

We’ve taken LEVELS 
to the Macs. 

One of the world’s most widely 
used expert systems is now avail- 
able for the Macintosh. 

Powerful, fast and easy to leeirn, 
LEVELS not only runs on the Macin- 
tosh— it uses all of the unique facili- 
ties that make the Macintosh so 
special. What’s more, LEVELS appli- 
cations £ire portable to all other 
LEVELS platforms— IBM mainframe, 
DEC VAX, even the PC and PS/2. 

LEVELS supports knowledge 
bases as large as 10,000 rules. Plus 
graphics and pictures. And it can 
access EXCEL spreadsheets and 
HYPERCARD stacks. 

LEVELS already has thousands 

of users running hundreds of suc- 
cessful applications. And LEVELS is 
a product of Information Builders, 
Inc., creators of FOCUS— the leading 
fourth-generation Icmguage. A $100 
million company, IBI supports 
LEVELS at 4S locations worldAvide. 

To order the Macintosh version 
of LEVELS (just $68S, VISA or 
MasterCard accepted), or for more 
information, call 1-800-444-4303, 

Or write Information Builders, Inc., 
12S0 Broadway, New York, NY 10001. 

Rm Levels 

VUir Information Builders, Inc. 

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Circle 341 on reader service card 


Turbo SE 

SE accelerator and optional adapter for 
Mac Plus. Pros: Relatively inexpensive up- 
grade; 68881 math coprocessor works with 
68000 processor; full compatibility with older 
software. Cons: Difficult installation. Company: 
Siclone Sales & Engineering Corporation. List 
price: S398, math coprocessor $298, MacAdapt 
$298. Requires: 1MB; 512KE ivith MacAdapt. 

Accelerator boards for the Mac SE 
have become popular lately. How- 
ever, the high price of the 68020 
accelerators keep them beyond the reach 
of many SE owners. Turbo SE, a l6-MHz 
68000 accelerator, offers an excellent com- 
promise between price and performance. 

One problem with the newer 68020 is 
that it will not run some older applications 
properly or, in some cases, will not run 
them at all. As a result, the 68000 remains a 
popular processor, with an installed base 
that is far greater than that of the newer 
68020. Turbo SE squeezes the 68000 for ex- 
tra speed and performance, while preserv- 
ing its functional characteristics. 

Tbrbo SE uses its own l6-MHz 68000 
processor — twice as fast as the Mac SE’s 
standard processor — to increase perfor- 
mance. However, the Turbo SE is not sim- 
ply a double-time accelerator: it uses 
innovative methods to tweak extra 

A chip’s speed is determined by its 
clock crystal, not by some internal speed 

Siclone*s Turbo SE 

setting. By installing the Mac SE’s ROM 
chips on the Turbo SE board, you can make 
them run with the TUrbo’s clock crystal. 
The result is that the Mac ROM runs twice 
as fast as before. The processor doesn’t 
need to wait as long for certain instruc- 
tions, and you can do your job faster. 

The Tbrbo SE also performs some 
tricks with the Mac SE’s RAM. It provides 
128K of dedicated RAM to displaying work 
on the SE’s screen. To take advantage of the 
video RAM, remove the memory from the 
Mac’s system board and place it on the 
Turbo SE. The 128K of video RAM then re- 
places the main RAM on the Mac’s system 
board. If you have extrafast memory (be- 
low 120ns) you’re out of luck — the Turbo 
SE can’t handle it. 

When removing your SE’s ROM, be 
careful not to bend or break the pins. The 
ROM chips are securely inserted into their 
sockets on the Mac’s system board and are 
likely to pop out quickly when you begin 
to pull on them. 

lUrbo SE Benchmarks 

Mac II 

SE Control 

Tlirbo SE 














Set 2 













Set 1 measures general CPU performance, including integer calculations. Set 2 focuses on the 68881 
chip, which performs floating-point calculations. The values for Sieve, Fibonacci, and Float show how 
quickly the task was completed, so the smaller the value, the better. On the other hand, the values for 
Whetstone, Savage, and Ihmscendental indicate how much work was done within a fixed amount of 
time, so the larger the value, the better. 

Cooperation Is the Key 

The 68020 is designed to work auto- 
matically with the 68881 math coprocessor. 
Applications compiled for the 68020 will 
automatically route all floating-point math 
to the 68881. 

The Turbo SE 68000, on the other 
hand, was not designed to work automat- 
ically with the 68881. To get them to work 
together, Turbo SE uses some ingenious 
hardware and software. The hardware 
provides a pipeline from the 68000 to the 
68881 on the Turbo SE board. The soft- 
ware, called 68881 INIT, provides an alter- 
native numeric environment to SANE. 
Specifically, the 68881 INIT intercepts math 
routines that are amenable to the copro- 
cessor and sends them along for quick 
floating-point treatment. 

While the Turbo SE gets the 68000 
and the 68881 chips to work together, you 
should be aware of a couple of problems. 

First, in order to work properly, the 
68881 must be rated at 16 MHz — the same 
speed as the 68000 that comes with the 
Turbo SE. If you buy the 68881 from Siclone 
along with your Turbo SE, you wall not have 
a problem. However, if you already have a 
68881, or are planning to purchase it sep- 
arately, be certain to specify one rated at 
16 MHz. 

Second, because the 68881 INIT is an 
alternative numeric environment to SANE, 
some custom advanced math applications 
may not perform predictably with the 
Turbo SE and the 68881. Or the results may 
differ in precision from those obtained 
when using SANE. This problem should af- 
fect only a small percentage of Turbo SE 
users. Off-the-shelf software should not be 
affected negatively by the 68881 INIT 

Of course, the 68881 is entirely op- 
tional — you can leave its socket empty and 
run all the software you ran before you in- 
stalled the Turbo SE. 

Performance Is the Key 

While the Turbo SE processes infor- 
mation twice as fast as a standard Mac SE, 
the system’s throughput will not double 
when it is installed. System throughput is 
dependent upon several factors, such as 
I/O, storage speed, and the speed of pri- 
mary memory; processing speed is only 
one factor among many. 

With the well-engineered, reliable 
Tlirbo SE, you should enjoy a pleasant but 
not dramatic increase in the Mac SE’s per- 
formance. We recommend it. — Michael 
Day and Steven Phillips of Savant Labs 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

256 February 1989 

Quicken; $49.95 

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City State 

Zip Phone 

□ Macintosh version □ 3ViT disk 

□ Apple n version □ 5W disk 

□ Check enclosed (no purchase orders, please) 

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Expiration Datc_ 

540 University Avenue 
I w^JII li Palo Alto, California 94301 
MW 0289 



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20Mb MiniScribe 68ms $ 426 
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Solitaire Games 

Solitaire Royale 1. 0 Pros: Colorful; excellent 
manual and online help: wide variety of games; 
fast. Cons: Scoring lacks imagination, forces you 
to play by one set of rules. Company: Spectrum 
HoloByte. List price: $3495. Requires: Mac II. 
(Version 1.1 requires only 512K). 

Klondike 3-6, Canfield 3. h Golf 1.1 Pros: 

Clever scoring; flexible playing rules; addicting; 
shareware. Cons: Simple coloring scheme; 
redraw not as fast as in older, noncolor versions. 
Company: Utiison Software. List price: $10 
each. Requires: 128K. 

The Solitaire Desk Accessory 1.0 Pros: 
Desk accessory'; fast; fle.xible playing rules: 
includes three games. Cons: i\o scoring, simple 
coloring. Company: Softstream International. 
List price: $3595. Requires: 128K. 

There are a lot of very nice things 
about Solitaire Royale for the Mac 
11. It offers eight types of solitaire 

bright blue background; and re- 
draw is fast and responsive. You 
can choose from several decks of 
playing cards, so face cards can be 
anything from vampires to jungle animals. 
And you can move cards either by drag- 
ging them or by clicking on them. 

Yet, in spite of Solitaire Royale's slick 
look and feel — and the convenience of 

Dull Screens and Vivid Play 
If / can onlyjijid the jack of hearts. I might have 
a chance of winning. But since this shareware 
version of Canfield subtracts points for elapsed 
time, / might still have a low score. The game is 
addictive, even though the screens are )iot 

Vivid Colors and Dull Scoring 

Solitaire Royal features vivid colors, fast card re- 
draw, and a variety of games, but it suffers from 
unimaginative scoring. In this traditional game 
of Klondike, Solitaire Royale simply scores one 
point for each card played on the foundation. 

having several games in one program — 1 
enjoy Unison Software s shareware sol- 
itaire games much more. The clever way 
points accumulate in the Unison Software 
games makes Solitaire Royale’s scoring 
method seem very simplistic — its points 
are awarded based on the number of cards 
played to the foundation (tlie stacks where 
all the cards should end up), witli most 
cards worth one point. 

Unison s programs offer much more 
complex and addictive scoring and pla\: 
You get 5 points added to your score for 
each card you play to the tableau (the play- 
ing area) and 10 points for each card added 
to the foundation. To make things really in- 
teresting, the games also5/^/;/r^c/ points 
from your score. Fc^r instance, in one game 
\'ou lose 2 points for every 15 seconds that 
lapses between plays while the game win- 
dow is active, 5 points for moving a top 
card from the foundation to the tableau, 

5 points for moving a single card from one 
stack to another when there are faceup 
cards under it, and a whopping 20 points 
for using the Show Aces function to lind 
facedown aces in the tableau. Since the 
scoring encourages you to play fast and 
avoid mistakes, skill, and not just luck, 
becomes a factor in your final .score. All- 
time high scores are recorded on a score- 
card that has room for four different 
players names. 

Solitaire Royale offers two games that 
are supposed to thrill competitive pla\er.s. 
The challenge is mainly trying to beat a 
previous score — in other words, simply 
trying to get more cards on the foundation. 
Tour lets you play each game in the collec- 
tion and records your score for each game 

as well as a total score for the set. The 
game also tracks the top five scores for 
each completed Tour. The other game. 
Tournament, simply tracks the top five 
scores for each game. 

In addition to more challenging scor- 
ing, Unison s programs offer you more flex- 
ibility in playing the game. Solitaire Royale 
forces you to play by the rules in Hoyle's 
Rules of Games WkL Penguin, 194(5). Of- 
ten Hoyle’s rules differed drastically from 
the way I had been taught to play solitaire. 
Take, for instance, the most common sol- 
itaire game, Klondike. According to Moyle’s 
rules, you can move only the top faceup 
card from one column to another. I had al- 
w'ays play ed that you could move a whole 
column of faceup cards at once. Uni.son s 
version of Klondike lets me continue to 
play by my own rules, wiiile Solitaire Roy- 
ale (frustratingly) forced me to “play fair.’’ 

Unison’s programs aren't perfect ei- 
ther, however. First, only three games are 
currently available — Canfield, Klondike, 
and Golf. And, although $10 each seems in- 
expensive, Solitaire Royale's set of eight 
games costs only $34.95. Second, face 
cards are redrawn slowly in the new^er ver- 
sions that support color hearts and dia- 
monds. Older versions of the programs 
(such as Canfield 1.1 -f and Klondike 2.1) do 
not support color but are more responsive, 
and, therefore, more compelling. 

You do have one other choice for a 
solitaire program — Softstream's The Sol- 
itaire Desk Accessory. Like Unison’s games, 
the program runs on all Macs, lets you 
move columns of faceup cards, and in- 
cludes basic black and red coloring. Like 
Solitaire Royale, the program includes a set 
of games — Klondike, Boston, and Pyramid 
— and redraws c|uickly. But it doesn't re- 
cord your scores, and the only real reason 
to choose it over one of the other games is 
to have the convenience of a D.\. 

If you want a challenging, competitive 
game and you don’t care about slick design, 
by all means download one or all of Uni- 
.son's shareware games from a bulletin 
board or get them from a user group. If \'ou 
decide later that you w^ant a little more piz- 
zazz or variety, you can still buy Solitaire 
Royale. But v\ hen it comes time to play 
serious cards, you'll return to Unison's 
products . — Cheryl Spencer 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

MacAvorkI 2S9 


Going The Distance For Your Macintosh Workstation 

Give your Macintosh the endurance it needs to keep 
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Stretch beyond the limits of Macintosh-specific peri- 
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of International Business Machines Corp 

Circle 173 on reader service card 


EndNote 1.0 

Bibliographic reference system. Pros: En- 
ables you to add citations without leaving tvord 
processor; scans fifiished document to create 
formatted bibliography. Cons: No error check- 
ing on data entry; limited search capabilities. 
Company: Niles & Associates. List price: $129. 
Requires: 512KE. 

One of the most unpleasant as- 
pects of technical or scientific 
writing is having to deal with 
references. Not only must reference works 
be cited correctly in the text, but the bibli- 
ography has to be formatted properly as 
well. Word processors, with their limited 
endnoting capabilities, aren’t much help, so 
even authors who write electronically must 
still usually deal with references manually. 
Pro-Cite, from Professional Bibliographic 
Software, is one solution to the problem 
(see Reviews, Macworld, September 1988). 
Now Niles & Associates offers an alterna- 
tive called EndNote. Aside from a few 
minor flaws, it’s a joy to use. 

Compiling a Bibliography 

EndNote is really two programs in 
one: a database manager that builds and 
searches a reference library; and a bibli- 
ography maker that inserts citations into 
documents and creates a bibliography of 
the cited materials. The EndNote applica- 
tion handles all of the database-manage- 

ment and formatting functions. As you 
write, the EndNote desk accessory (DA) al- 
lows you to access the reference library 
and place citations in a document. 

EndNote libraries are databases with 
fields suitable for storing information 
about reference works. To save you the 
trouble of defining fields from scratch, End- 
Note comes with 14 predefined reference 
types, ranging from journal articles to 
computer programs; one additional type is 
undefined. If EndNote ’s repertoire doesn’t 
meet your needs (an unlikely situation), it’s 
easy to customize any of the 15 reference 
types by adding, deleting, or renaming 

You add references to a library using 
worksheets that you can access from either 
the EndNote application or the DA. Each 
type of reference has its own entry form 
that you select from a pop-up menu. You 
can enter up to 32K of text into each refer- 
ence, but there’s no error checking to 
make sure that the data you’ve entered is 
valid. There’s also no way to automatically 
weed out duplicate reference works. For 
those who’ve already compiled biblio- 
graphic databases with other programs, 
EndNote lets you import files. 

Cite License 

Trying to manually conform notes and 
bibliographies to many different styles can 
make huge demands on your time and pa- 
tience. For example, some scientific jour- 
nals ask you to indicate citations with a 
superscript number, others want the first 
author’s name in parentheses. If that 

weren’t headache enough, every editor 
seems to have a different scheme for for- 
matting the bibliography. Fortunately, End- 
Note does an excellent job of automating 
the process. 

EndNote enables you to create a bib- 
liographic style for each publication you 
write for. The style editor allows you to in- 
dicate precisely how citations appear in the 
text, giving you control over font, size, and 
style, including super- and subscripts. End- 
Note is also flexible because it allows you 
to specify exactly how each source appears 
in the final bibliography. 

As you write, use the DA to select ref- 
erence works from a library. References ap- 
pear in a scrolling list showing the author, 
year of publication, and title. With the Find 
command, you can display sources that 
meet certain criteria. EndNote ’s search 
function allows you to scan for a particular 
author, year of publication, or text string. 
You can combine searches, but EndNote 
doesn’t support complex logical opera- 
tions. To add a citation to a document, se- 
lect the appropriate reference and copy it 
to the Clipboard. When you return to the 
document and choose Paste, EndNote 
places a special citation marker in the text, 
to tell the program which reference work 
the citation refers to (see “Citing It Right’’). 

For the last step, you have to quit your 
word processor and launch the EndNote 
application. EndNote first scans through a 
document, matching each citation marker 
to a source in the library. (The current ver- 
sion is compatible with Microsoft Word 3.0, 
MacWrite, WriteNow, and text-only files.) 
Next, choose a bibliographic style that 
matches the publication to which you will 
submit your work. Finally, EndNote refor- 
mats the document according to the style 
you’ve chosen, building a bibliography at 
the end. As a safeguard, EndNote saves the 
new version of the file under a different 
narne. If one journal rejects the article, it’s 
simple to reformat it for another. 

EndNote ’s most glaring omission is 
the lack of error checking on data entry. I’d 
also prefer a more comprehensive search 
function. And the lack of a horizontal scroll 
bar or word wrap in the reference list win- 
dow is annoying. But aside from these mi- 
nor faults, the program is worth its weight 
in gold to those of us in the desktop-pub- 
lish-or-perish set. EndNote won’t guarantee 
acceptance of your next paper, but it’ll 
make preparing it a whole lot simpler. 

— Franklin Tessler 

Citing It Right 

Using the EndNote 
desk accessory, you 
copy reference infor- 
mation into a docu- 
ment from a reference 
library\ EndNote in- 
serts citation markers 
into the text for later 

^ ^ File Edit Search Format Font Document lIMndoiu tilork EndNote 

R Major Paper 


It has been well documented in the literature that ultrasound is able 
to visualize the left kidney in the vast majority of patients 
[Rosewater, 1983 '47), Nevertheless, we felt it appropriate to 
conduct this prospective study to prove it once again 

Materials and Methods 

29 patients ranging in age from 2 to 90 years were included in the 
study 14 of the patients were male and 15 were female Sonography 
was performed using standard, commercially-available real time 



I US References j 


Showing 38 references out of 36 


1988 Eualuation Of azotemic patients: diagnostic yield of initial US enaiO 

Roseuiater 1983 Uisualizotiun of the nonruil left kidncif uMth real-time ultrasound 

Sanders 1988 Renal dysplasia: sonographic findings 
Sauader 1988 Puerperal ouarian uein thrombosis: eualuation luith CT, US, and Ml 
Sheth 1988 The uariabic sonographic appearance of ouarian teratomas: corre 

Shuman 1988 Suspected leaking abdominal aortic aneurysm: use of sonography 
Titelbaum 1988 Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma: pitfalls in nonoperatiue d 
Uerbanck 1988 Dilated abdominal paraaortic lymphatic duct: a possible pitfall in 

Veh 1987 Polycystic ouarian disease: US features In ID4 patients 

i a ii u ii y i fr v p aiiBf r cv r oii i y bi i e l uu iie y n as ^>eeiru ii g l e i i 

Mu i iey Tfi~ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Macw'orld 261 

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edWng software P ^9^^.3000 can P«seja 


200-\ine screens. j^ac\ntoshT 

Rnd out ho'N^° an 

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iQfTKnox Str^L 


^ A Word From Our President 

Welcome to U 1 Monufcxchiring, 

] »g, • "ilze you with ou 

\^,/,J\)r '<* procedures 

|a ^ ■ , Vure. We, ort 

jved t 
to look 
^.^ixicr ralatkmshio 

togetl ,..5 

M.M. Inc., ^l^ldly expanding 
company, is comprised ol extremely 
talented and dynamic people. Over the 
next 3 years, soles are projected to triple 
due to our accurate foresight concerning 
our customers' needs (see chart below). Uanban. Pntid§at a Founder 

To maintain this present level ol growth we rely on you — our new employees, 
to provide us with the insight, and direction to meet the constant challenges 
ol our business. 

—Mitch Marshall 

Our History 



I Back in 1968. In a small garage outside Bokerslleld. Calilomia. 
Morshall Manufacturing was formed. Mitch Marshall perceived a 
I growing market demand lor electronic component boards lor the 
burgeoning electronics and computer field. His per c eption proved 
right on target. Marshall Manufacturing. Inc., began productioo with 
a lean staff of 12. Today, with plants throughout North America and 
Europe. M.M. Inc. is the leader in providing hardware lor the com- 
I puter industry. As sales continue to grow, we will reach (cont pg.4) 




Mac SE and Mac 11 terminal emulation for 
IBM 3278 and 3279 terminals. Pros: Easy 
to install; includes file-transfer utilities; special 
character option for file downloading simplifies 
importing data in other programs; handles color 
display on Mac II; emulator's cursor can be con- 
trolled by mouse. Cons: 900-character maxi- 
mum record length prevents transfer of some 
files to mainframe; does not include graphics 
support. Company: Avatar Technologies. List 
price: MacMainFrame SE $795, MacMainFrame 
II $995 (both include MacMainFrame 3270 ver- 
sion 2.0 software). 

s a 3 Avatar has now expanded its line 
I of IBM terminal emulator hard- 
s * — 0 ware for Macs to include both the 
Mac SE and the Mac II. MacMainFrame SE 
and MacMainFrame II are boards that fit 
into the SE and II, respectively, and work 
with MacMainFrame 3270 version 2.0 soft- 
ware to emulate IBM 3278 and 3279 termi- 
nals over standard IBM coaxial cables. Plug 
one of these boards into your Mac and you 
can exchange files with IBM mainframes. 

If You Can Read This . . . 

The MacMainFrame 3270 software can 
be used with either board and provides 
color support for the Mac II. If you have 
a Mac II with a color monitor, you can 
choose to use either a default color palette 
(of eight colors) or a palette of your own. 
MacMainFrame is also the first program to 
offer the choice of a white or black back- 
ground for 3278/79 emulation. I found 
using color characters on a black back- 
ground provided better contrast and re- 
sulted in less eyestrain. The IBM screen 
font included in the program is one of the 
better-designed fonts for mimicking IBM 
terminals, and it looks good on the Mac s 

Depending on your monitor size, 
you’ll have to reach some compromise be- 
tween character size and screen size. Since 
MacMainFrame 3270 supports 3278 Mod- 
els 2 (24 lines by 80 characters), 3 (33 by 
80), 4 (44 by 80), and 5 (28 by 132), you’ll 
find that the default 12-point font size 
doesn’t allow you to see a full screen on a 
Mac SE (only the Mac II can show a full 
screen of a Model 2). Models 3, 4, and 5 ex- 
pect a screen larger than 12 inches. Scroll 
bars do appear when the monitor is too 
small, an inconvenience if you’re continu- 
ally moving between a command line on 

MacMainFrame SE and II 

the bottom of the screen and the results 
shown at the top. You can choose a font 
size as small as 7-point, but that’s pushing 
readability. MacMainFrame 3270 lets you 
select a different font and font size for print- 
ing screens. 

If you’re working with large screen 
sizes and move the IBM cursor around 
much of the screen, you’ll appreciate 
Avatar’s use of the mouse to control cursor 
movement. Standard movement of the cur- 
sor is accomplished using the cursor keys 
and some IBM-defined function keys. If 
you use your mouse and option-click a 
character on the screen, MacMainFrame 
3270 automatically generates the required 
cursor-key strokes to move the screen’s 
cursor to that position. 

Pick a File, Any File 

MacMainFrame 3270 supports two 
types of file-transfer software for exchang- 
ing files between the Mac and an IBM 
mainframe. One is Avatar’s own I IFT (Host 
File Transfer) software, which must be pur- 
chased separately; the other is IBM’s 
IND $ FILE, which is found on many IBM 
mainframes. You store the file-transfer soft- 
ware as part of your terminal-specifications 
file created by MacMainFrame 3270. 

You can exchange three types of files 
with a mainframe: text, binary, and docu- 
ment. If an ASCII text file is uploaded from 
the Mac, MacMainFrame 3270 automat- 
ically translates the ASCII characters to 
IBM’s EBCDIC coding (and the reverse 

when you download a text file). Bi- 
nary files contain only the data fork of a 
Mac file; document files contain the re- 
source fork as well. You can use the binary 
format to transfer files that can be used by 
PCs or some mainframe programs, while 
the document format is good for archiving 
Mac files for future downloading and re- 
use. MacMainFrame 3270 limited me to 
record lengths of 900 characters, which 
prevented transferring word processor files 
in IBM’s Document Content Architecture 
(DCA) format to the mainframe for use by 
one of its word processing programs. 

Avatar includes two very useful fea- 
tures in MacMainFrame 3270’s file-transfer 
capabilities. First, if you’re downloading a 
text file, MacMainFrame 3270 can insert 
special characters as the file is down- 
loaded. You can instruct your mainframe’s 
database to generate a report with \t as a 
column separator, for example, and when 
the file is downloaded, MacxMainFrame 
3270’s Mac file will have tabs in the right 
places. You could then load that file into 
any Mac program, such as a database man- 
ager or a page-layout program, with the 
tabs preserved. 

Second, MacMainFrame 3270 sup- 
ports batch-mode file transfers. It’s partic- 
ularly easy to start MacMainFrame 3270 
without logging onto the mainframe and to 
select a series of Mac files to upload to the 
mainframe. Then you can log on, start the 
batch-file transfer, and walk away to do 
other things. Or, if you’re running under 
MultiFinder, you can start another program 
and let the files transfer in the background. 

Roll Your Own 

Avatar has published the specifica- 
tions of an API (Application Program- 
ming Interface) for the MacMainFrame 
family of products. As part of the API, 

Avatar includes XFCNs (external functions) 
for HyperCard so that users can create cus- 
tom interfaces to IBM mainframes. 

The MacMainFrame boards and soft- 
ware provide the standard features for em- 
ulating an IBM 3278/79 terminal with the 
Mac. Even though the MacMainFrame se- 
ries has yet to support multiple mainframe 
sessions (like Novell’s PCOX board and Tri- 
Data’s Net way 1000) or mainframe graph- 
ics displays, MacMainFrame’s added fea- 
tures (such as mouse control of the cursor, 
special character insertions, batch file 
transfers) make it the most powerful 
IBM 3278/79 emulator for the Mac. 

— Dave Kosiiir 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

Maavorld 263 


The Colony 

Three-dimensional graphic adventure 
game. Pros: Smooth 3 -D animated move- 
ment; stark, spooky environment; clever man- 
ual. Cons: Occasionally bogs down in compli- 
cated scenes; unnecessarily difficult to play; 
requires entry of six-digit number at random 
"security checks" during game. Company: 
Mindscape. List price: $49.95. Requires: 
512KE (some sounds disabled with less than 
IMB of RAM). 

This ground-breaking sci-fi adven- 
ture game from Mindscape em- 
ploys a new solid-model anima- 
tion technique that lets you move through 
buildings, around corners, and behind ob- 
jects in a convincing three-dimensional 
world. Combined with futuristic digitized 
sounds and freakish aliens, this realism is 
enough to give you the creeps. 

Dark Star 

Throughout the game you’ll recognize 
thematic devices that border on cliches, 
from a number of movies and games. You 
awake groggily in a dark room, unable to 
see until you find the light switch (homage 
to Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy); it 
turns out you’re on the bridge of your 
spaceship, which has just crash-landed on 
planet 5-Delta-5, a remote scientific colony 
whose inhabitants have all perished in a 
mysterious alien attack (homage io Aliens). 

Before you leave your ship, you are 
fitted with a super-duper space suit, com- 

plete with weapons, armor, and a set of 
cross hairs in the visor (homage to Roho- 
cop). The trick is to keep the high-tech out- 
fit s batteries from running down (where- 
upon you perish, and the Mac emits a 
digitized scream). You renew your suit’s 
energy by gobbling little eggs strewn along 
the corridors of the deserted space colony 
(homage to Pac Man). 

Your mission is to find out how a 
group of evil aliens were accidentally tele- 
ported to the colony from another dimen- 
sion, to learn how they can be destroyed, 
and to carry the cryogenically frozen chil- 
dren of the colonists back to the safety of 
your ship. As you wander the halls and 
rooms of the colony in search of answers, 
you must avoid the bizarre, pyramidal, one- 
eyed aliens that seek to destroy you with a 
burst of noisy static (see “Alien to Me’’). 

Planet of the Shapes 

What makes The Colony a delight to 
play is its three-dimensional environment. 
At first you’ll be a bit unsteady, careening 
drunkenly into walls and wildly overcom- 
pensating for sudden moves; but as your 
mouse hand gets steadier, you’ll love the 
feeling. Walls, furniture, and aliens fly by as 
you move past them; you tiptoe cautiously 
around corners, ready to retreat if an alien 
lies lurking; and you can escape observa- 
tion by ducking into a stairwell or closet. 

As is usual with 3-D simulations, objects in 
The Colony are represented by simple, geo- 
metric, straight-line figures. Yet in this de- 
serted outpost in space, that sparseness is 
completely convincing. 

What makes The Colony frustrating is 
that it’s fiendishly difficult to play. Certain 

Alien to Me 

When you enter an 
eerie conference 
room, an alien floats 
out of the closet; an- 
other alien lurks in the 
background. At this 
point, it’s blast or be 

inconsistencies and convolutions seem to 
have been thrown into the story just to 
make it harder. For example, most players 
will be utterly baffled as to why they die 
when they attempt to step out of the space- 
ship. I was, too; only a call to Mindscape re- 
vealed that you must close the inner air- 
lock door behind you. Unlike other doors 
in The Colony, this one doesn’t shut 

Furthermore, there are seven floors in 
the colony’s building complex, nine types 
of aliens, and dozens of red herrings and 
dead ends; there’s even a room from which 
there is no escape (the Dave Bowman suite 
— homage to 2001: A Space Odyssey>). If 
you can stick with it, this game will keep 
you occupied — or perhaps frustrated — for 
weeks on end. 

Although not technically copy pro- 
tected, the game is occasionally inter- 
rupted by the intrusion of “security panels” 
(ostensibly part of the futuristic decor), 
which require that you type in a six-digit, 
ever-changing code. You arrive at the cor- 
rect numbers by consulting a cardboard 
slide-rule, included with the game, which 
is not unlike the secret spy decoders that 
used to come in boxes of breakfast cereal. 
Without this difficult-to-photocopy item, 
the game is unplayable, and thus piracy of 
the program is ingeniously defeated. But 
having to look up the correct code can 
be bothersome. 

The Last Frontier 

The Colony is worth exploring, 
though. Despite its rehashed sci-fi story 
line, its realistic 3-D environment will have 
you poking into corners, rooting through 
drawers, and dodging aliens with gusto. 
There are plenty of witty touches (can you 
find the chattering false teeth in the doc- 
tor’s office?) as well as chilling ones (read 
the final journal entry of the now-vapor- 
ized Dr. Schneider, in which she insists that 
the dangerous teleporter experiments 

If you plan to undertake the journey, 
though, three words to the wise: First, get 
a set of colony maps from CompuServe or 
one of the other online services; they’ll 
spare you hours of meandering in feature- 
less hallways trying to get your bearings. 
Second, remember that there’s no shame 
in calling Mindscape for hints; The Colo- 
ny’s realistic world isn’t always a fair one. 
And third, playing it alone late at night may 
result in 3-D nightmares. — David Pogue 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

264 February 1989 







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Comment 2.0 

Post-it-type note DA . Pros: Provides a i vari- 
ety of useful notes; Time Notes act as alarm 
clock. Cons: Not completely compatible with all 
applications; bug in zoom box can crash Macin- 
tosh. Company : Deneba Software. List price: 
$99.95. Requires: 512KE. 

They’re everywhere — small, 

[ sticky, pastel-colored squares of 
^ U note paper. The concept is so sim- 
ple, yet it has completely changed the way 
we handle paper documents. Enter Com- 
ment from Deneba Software. Inspired by 
the success of its paper counterpart. Com- 
ment 2.0 brings the convenience of Post-it 
notes to the Macintosh by providing an al- 
most unlimited supply of electronic notes 
that you can attach to everything from indi- 
vidual spreadsheet cells to entire docu- 
ments. Comment can even help you man- 
age time by having a note automatically 
appear on screen at a set time. 

Comment is similar to the Macintosh 
Note Pad — both are desk accessories 
(DAs) that enable you to jot down a note 
without interrupting the main application. 
Comment, however, gives you the ability to 
create and manage different types of notes. 

Different Notes for 

Different Folks 

Comment offers four note types: Note, 
Window Note, Time Note, and Scratch 
Note. You can attach a Note to a particular 
location in a document. For example, you 

Excel with Comment 

A worksheet in Microsoft Excel annotated with 
Comment yiotes. The Mark Vietvable Notes com- 
mand places a gray X on cells that have notes at- 
tached, making it easy to spot them on a 


Comment Notes 



<unattached> <unattached> 


Article Topics <unattached> 
Excel Spreadsh... B13 

Driver issue - IW^ 

9/26, p2... 

Excel Spreadsh... E10 

flsk the Chief if 1 

need se... 

Exce 1 Spreadsh... E6 

flsk the Chief what 

1 should... 

hacWr i te Memo MacUr i te Memo 

Try to keep the amount of t... 

Multiplan Spre... R10C5 
Multiplan Spre... R13C2 

flsk the Chief if 1 

need se... 

Mu 1 1 i p 1 an Spre... R6C5 

New Ulew Edito... <unattached> 

flsk the Chief what 
Ed 1 tor 1 a 1 

1 shou 1 d... 

Word Memo Word Memo 

Works Spreadsh... B13 

Try to keep the amount of t... 

Works Spreadsh... E10 

flsk the Chief if 1 

need se... 

Works Spreadsh... E6 

flsk the Chief what 

1 shou 1 d... 


Note Manager 

The Note Manager is 
the control center for 
Comment. From the 
Note Manager's win- 
dow you can vie w a 
list of notes. The icons 
across the top of the 
window allow you to 
manipulate the notes 
in the file. 

can append an explanation to a specific 
cell in a spreadsheet. Or, someone review- 
ing a desktop publishing document can at- 
tach a comment to a particular passage of 
text or to a graphic. 

The Window Note, as its name im- 
plies, is attached to a window rather than 
to a particular place in a file. A Window 
Note is handy for making general com- 
ments about a document, or for making a 
routing slip for document approval. 

The Scratch Note, which is similar to 
the Macintosh Note Pad, is a free-floating 
note that enables you to capture a fleeting 
thought or jot down phone messages. 

The most useful note is probably the 
Time Note. It enables you to enter a mes- 
sage in a note window and preset a time for 
Comment to display it. You can even set 
Comment to display a warning message in 
advance of the Time Note. Another option 
is to set a Time Note to repeat itself at cer- 
tain intervals. Normally, when a Time Note 
appears, the Mac beeps once; however, you 
can elect to have a Time Note beep con- 
stantly until you shut it off. Just try over- 
looking that appointment. 

What’s on the Menu? 

You can set Comment to automatically 
load into memory whenever you start up 
the Mac. Or you can load Comment manu- 
ally from the Apple menu. Once Comment 
is loaded, it remains in standby mode until 
you select Quit from Comment’s menu. 
While Comment is active, an asterisk (*) 
appears on the far right of the menu bar. 
Clicking on the asterisk displays a menu 
that lists many of Comment’s commands. 
The most important item in the menu is 
the Note Manager, the control center for all 

Comment activities. From the Note Man- 
ager you can view^ a list of active notes, as 
well as search, import and export, and 
delete notes. 

Take Note 

While Comment has the potential to 
become as indispensable as Post-it notes, 
there are some annoying problems that 
make me wary of relying on it completely. 
For one. Comment doesn’t work smoothly 
with all applications. In MacDraw II, for ex- 
ample, Comment will not attach a note to 
an object, and the location of Comment’s 
asterisk menu moves around within Mac- 
Draw’s menu bar. Comment also exhibits 
problems in FullWrite Professional and in 
Microsoft Works. 

And an annoying bug surfaces when I 
attempt to enlarge a note window on my 
color monitor by clicking on its zoom box. 
Instead of opening the note window to the 
full size of the display, this makes the note 
disappear altogether, sometimes freezing 
the Mac II and requiring that I restart it. 
(Deneba Software has informed me that a 
fix is forthcoming.) 

In spite of its drawbacks, Comment 
could easily become an indispensable 
member of my DA collection. It is a conve- 
nient way to annotate cells, words, or en- 
tire' documents. Its Scratch Notes provide 
a means for instantly jotting down random 
ideas. And finally, its Time Notes are per- 
fect for keeping on you top of deadlines 
and appointments. 

But despite Comment’s convenience, 
until Deneba Software fixes the bug that 
can crash my Mac, I’ll have to rely on yel- 
low Post-it notes a while longer . — Keith 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

266 February 1989 

“Our business was going 
through the roof, but our 
old accounting system \ras 
holding us down. 

“In the commercial roofing business, you 
have to be on top of things in the office, too. 
Accurate budgeting and planning are essential. 

“But in the last five years, our business has 
really grown. And our stand-alone computers 
and simple accounting software system just 
couldn’t handle it We decided to switch to the 

Macintosh. And fortunately, our dealer showed 
us the Great Plains Accounting Series at the 
same time. It was just what we needed! 

“It was so easy to learn and use, we didn’t 
lose any time putting the system into place. And 
since it is liilly-integrated and expandable, we’ve 
been able to add modules as our business 
required them. 

“Adding Network Manager was easy — no 
data re-entry was necessary. And it gave us 
multi-user capability. Now, our people at eight 
different work stations can use Great Plains at 
the same time. And the customer assistance 
finm Great Plains is excellent — the most 

responsive we’ve ever dealt with. 

“We haven’t even begun to use all the 

capabilities that Great Plains provides us. And we 
feel good about that Take it from me — after 

you’ve outgrown one system, you don’t make 
that mistake again. 

Macintosh is a registered trademark 
of Apple ('x)mputer Inc 

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'Sheldon Needle surrey. 1988 MW 2/89 

Circle 156 on reader service card 


Window Shopping 

Getting organized with two HyperCard stacks, 
a HyperCard utility, and FormSet 

by Lawrence Stevefts 

The value of most commercial HyperCard 
stacks is usually not the information they 
contain — that’s almost always available 
elsewhere for less money — but the organi- 
zation of the cards. This month I review 
two products that help you organize your 
stacks, plus a HyperCard utility that helps 
organize your ideas, and a forms package. 


Client by Softworks ($195) is a Hyper- 
Card stack that maintains a list of your cli- 
ents or customers along with their product 
or service interest, as well as financial and 
contact information. It strikes a perfect bal- 
ance by providing enough links to make 
negotiating around the cards easy without 
confusing you with too many buttons and 

The title card is an attractive graphic 
of the cover to a Personal Directory^ with 
alphabetic index tabs along the side. You 
can access a specific customer card by 
clicking on the correct letter tab and then 
using the forward arrow. You can also 
search the cards by a word or a phrase. 

The main client card contains fields 
such as client’s name, address, and phone 
number. You can change any of the field 
names. For reporting purposes, you can 
specify that the program sort by the first 
field only; by the first, then the second 
field; or by the first, second, and then the 
third field. 

Linked to the main client card are 
three preset cards: Client Interest, Financial 
Information, and Contact Information. You 
can change the titles of these cards if you 
wish, and you can add as many cards as you 
want. You can also customize each of the 
field names on the cards, and you can spec- 

ify that a field accept only a number or a 
date, or lock a field from further data entr)^. 

You can set a variety of parameters for 
searching through your Client file. You can 
search by word, phrase, client name, or 
other parameters you define — upper and 
lower numeric limits, for example. You can 
locate clients who purchased products 
costing between $20,000 and $40,000 in 
1988, or clients you haven’t visited for three 
months, or clients who have expressed an 
interest in a particular procjuct. 

The search function is not tied into 
the reporting facility. You can print lists 
that contain information, but you can’t set 
parameters for those lists. This is the weak- 
est aspect of Client. The program does 
enable you to export the data as text to 
another application such as a spreadsheet 
or a database. 

Aside from its reporting limitations. 
Client is comprehensive enough for any 
small business. It’s easy to learn and well 
organized — one of those programs that 
has the potential of changing the way 
you do business. 


Few HyperCard stacks have indexes. 
The hierarchical structure of HyperCard 
seems to lend itself to sinuous searching 
rather than to straightforward chapter- and 
page-indexing. Still there may be times 
when you wish you had an overall index 
for an entire stack. Wordwise ($29.95), by 
HyperAnnex, can create that index, and 
given the difficulties involved, do a credit- 
able job of it. 

In order to be useful, an index should 
include only meaningful words, words that 
point to useful information. If the index is 
cluttered with trivial words, such as prepo- 
sitions and articles, it will be unwieldy. As 
Wordwise processes a stack, its filter re- 
moves words that should not be listed in 
the index. The filter, which contains about 
1000 words, is not long enough. After filter- 
ing, the index is still diluted with hundreds 
of useless entries — me, met, and every, for 
example. You have to eliminate these un- 
important words as well as alternate forms 


I Thursday, October 6, 1 988 

Rep's Nom - 
Street: 3^ 


State; Nw 
Main Phon 
Toll Free: 

rnftgt Ppninnfll nffirp 

Pay Terms: 

2 % 10doys/net30 
30 days 
Be 60 days 
Fo Cash 





Mi sc: 

IB Q. Hooaiai ^ 

Orders Placed 


Cust. PJO ..DY66-77 

Soles Date: ..Qcl. 6*...t908 

Purchase Amt.: 


Shipping Chg.: 

Total Amt.: 


Pay Terms: 


.$ 2000 ..^ 



Do not contact on Monday orTues 




Choice List in Client 
You can create a 
choice list that allows 
you to enter data in 
most fields with a click 
of the mouse. This is 
an example of a 
choice list in the field 
Pay Terms. 

268 lehruary 1989 


^ rm. wifct> « e«>4to) 


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(plurals or different tenses) of words be- 
fore your index is really usable. You can 
add words to the filter, but that increases 
processing time, which is already an ago- 
nizingly slow 30 to 60 seconds per card. 

Once the index is created, Wordwise 
is easy to use. You can access the index by 
using a button on the Home card or by 
holding the option and §§ keys for two 
seconds. The index is displayed in four 
scrollable columns. You can get to any card 
that contains an indexed word by clicking 
on that word in the index. You can attach 
notes to the index that will appear when 
the note button is clicked. And you can 
store multiple indexes for the same file, so 
you can have one for proper names and an- 
other for medical terms (although creating 
indexes like those will take a lot of work). 
The software also comes with an index to 
HyperCard s Help stack. 

I do wish the manufacturer had pro- 
duced a manual for the program, either 
printed or in HyperCard form. Instead ex- 
tensive help and information buttons at- 
tached to each card explain the processes. 
They work fine, but 1 would have mastered 
the system more quickly if 1 could have 
read an overview first. 

If you want to make a good index to 
your stacks, you’ve got your work cut 
out for you. Wordwise will at least get 
you started. 


HyperDraft ($25), distributed by 
Heizer Software, is a card file system for 
those who want to store wordy ideas — 
chapter outlines, quotations, and refer- 
ences, for example — and then arrange, 
link, and access the cards in different ways. 
In concept, this stack is ingenious and com- 
prehensive. Fourteen buttons at the bot- 
tom of each card enable you to find cards 
by text word, title word, or card number; to 
link cards so you can move from one to the 
other with a click of the mouse; to format 
and then export data as text; to attach ref- 
erence cards (such as citations) to a main 
card; and even to track elapsed time. At 
first peek, HyperDraft seems clever — just 
what you need — but when you try to use 
it, it collapses under its own weight. The 
documentation is hard to follow and in- 
complete; some functions are awkward and 
others do not seem to work at all. 

The main problem with the documen- 
tation is that it presupposes a familiarity 
with HyperCard terminology and func- 
tions. It uses terms like 5o;7 Tags without 

defining them, and it leaves out important 
pieces of information. For example, to re- 
turn to the main stack from the Help stack, 
you Shift-click. But the manual doesn’t tell 
you which of the 19 buttons to use (it’s not 
the Help button). In another case, the man- 
ual doesn’t explain how to return to the 
main stack from a function card, forcing a 
beginner to turn off the computer in order 
to escape. 

When the functions are good, like ap- 
pending cards, linking cards, and defining 
key terms, they are very, very good, but 
when they are bad, they are horrid. In the 
search function, for example, you can 
search by single word only, not by phrase. 
But at least that function works; some oth- 
ers do not. The Move Card button does not, 
despite the documentation’s promises, al- 
low you to relocate a card to any number in 
sequence or to trade a card with an adja- 
cent card. 

If you need a card file system, and 
you’re willing to do some learning and 
patching and maybe spend time on the 
phone with the author (his name and num- 
ber are included with the stack), Hyper- 
Draft may be worth the $25 price tag. But 
the program is definitely not for the Hyper- 
Card beginner. 


If you haven’t computerized your 
company’s forms on a spreadsheet or word 
processor yet, you may not have to. Form- 
Set ($95) from Softview has 68 forms in 
five categories: general business, account- 
ing, payable, personnel, and sales. There is 
a form for almost every business activity: 
Job Estimate, Message with Reply, Daily 
Cash Report, Ledger Sheet (two to four 
columns). Purchase Order, Employee Ap- 
plication, Employee Warning Notice, Bill of 
Lading, and so on. Even if you don’t have 
enough Macintoshes to go around, so that 
the forms have to be filled out by hand, it 
still may be more convenient to be able 
to print the forms when you need them 
rather than buying and shelving them. 

When you input the data to complete 
the forms, FormSet does any necessary cal- 
culations for you. And when two or more 
forms are linked, the data is automatically 
carried from one form to the others. 

The forms are well organized. The 
fields are crafted so that numeric fields will 
not accept nonnumeric data; fields that are 

Calculated to Please 

In FormSet many forms are set up to automat- 
ically calculate and total numeric fields. On this 
mileage form, a total amount is calculated based 
on a per-mile rate set at the beginning of the 

automatically calculated won’t accept an in- 
put entry. You can get specific instruction 
on how to complete many of the fields by 
double-clicking on them. You can enter the 
letter e after an entry to indicate that it is an 
estimate, or a question mark (?) to indicate 
that you do not yet know the amount. The 
program will do the calculations, inserting 
est or ??? after the result. You can type an 
itemized list for each data field (for exam- 
ple, the cost of the parts in a job estimate), 
which does not get printed on the form. 

FormSet has six linked sets of forms: 
Inventory Records, Invoices, Sales Orders, 
Petty Cash, Payroll, and Payment Due No- 
tices. The Payroll set, for example, consists 
of a personnel record; a payroll record, 
which contains year-to-date salary informa- 
tion; and a weekly time sheet. The person- 
nel record data, including name, employee 
number, and number of dependents, is au- 
tomatically posted to the other two forms. 
The data from the weekly time sheet deter- 
mines the salary on the payroll record. 
Linked forms can be saved as a single file, 
so that all employee information is kept 

There are only two problems with 
FormSet. First, the forms are not customiz- 
able. Second, although it can import text 
data, it cannot export data to a spread- 
sheet. Those objections will mean a lot to 
some companies. If your company needs 
custom forms, or if you want to be able to 
manipulate data on forms, your best option 
is to create your own forms on a spread- 
sheet. Other companies, however, can save 
days of dev^elopment time using FormSet. □ 

See Where to Buy for contact information. 

270 February 1989 

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Farrallon PhoneNET AppleTalk 9. NelModem V2400 479. 

PhoneNET Din 8 or DB9 35. SuperMac Software Acknowledge 349. 

Timbuktu 69. Multi-User SuperLaserSpool 199. 

TrafficWalch 149. Symantec InBox-MacConnection 75. 

Infosphere InBox-Starter Kit \^0 

Mac^rve (Network Software) 155. (3 Persor\al Corjnectms) 199. 

LaCie Silverserver 93. TOPS Tops 2.0. Tops Dos or Net Print 119. 

Microsoft Microsoft Mail 1-4 users 195. Tops Repeater or Flashbox 129. 

Olduvai Software Clip Share 109. Tops FlashCard 169. 

Font Sharer 149. Tops Teleconnector Din8 or DB9 39. 

Desk Accessory Programs 

Affinity Microsystems Tempo II 


Imagine Software 



Smart Alarms & Appointment Diary 


Beyond Inc. Menu Fonts 2 



Borland SideKick V2.0 


Think'n Time 


Cassady & Greene, Inc. 

Olduvai Software 



DA Switcher 


QuickDex 1.4A 


Solutions, International 

CE Software DiskTop 3.0 


Super Glue 


Oeneba Software 

SmarlScrap & The Clipper 


Comment 2.0 



Electronic Arts Disk Tools Plus 


HyperDA (Req. 512K) 


Exodus Software Retriever 


TENpointO Openit! 


Images With Impact! Business 1 
by 3G Graphics 

Images With Impact! Business I 
is the exciting, useful series of 
EPS clip-art images for business 
and industry. You’ll have more 
than 175 images to use with your 
PostScript compatible programs. 

Import them into PageMaker or 
Ready, Set, Go! to enhance your 
desktop publications. Open 
Images With Impact! with Aldus’ 

Freehand or Adobe Illustrator 
where you can add color or cus- 
tomize them for your specific 
needs. Categories of images 
include symbols, computer and 
office equipment, people in business, and much more. Everyone can 
add emphasis and style to any document with Images With Impact! 

Images With Impact! Business 1 75. 

Managing \bur Money by Meca 

Managing Your Money lets you 
take control of your personal 
finances! Managing Your Money 
is an integrated financial man- 
agement program that eases 
routine record-keeping and helps 
you make complex financial 
decisions. Its money chapter 
easily records income and ex- 
penses while automatically 
updating the tax, planning, and 
investment chapter. The tax 
chapter helps you pay the right 
amount of taxes (as little as pos- 
sible) and conforms to the new tax laws. The loan and insurance 
planning chapter lets you plan for college retirement, and insurance 
needs. The investment chapter lets you make the most of the invest- 
ments in your portfolio. Best of all, Managing Your Money on-line 
tutorial and ‘Road Map’ help you keep track of everything without a 
business or computer degree! 

Managing Your Money 128. 

Communication s Software 

CompuServe CompuServe Starter Kil 24. Insigna SoflPC 479 

Grolier On Line Encyclopedia 32. Software Ventures 

CompuServe Navigator 45. Microphone llf/nc/ucfes G/ueJ 225. 

DataViz MacLink Plus with Cable 145. Solutions, IntemaUonal BackFax 129. 

Dow Jones Desktop Express 95. Synergy Software \fersaTerm 69. 

Freesoff Red Ryder V10.3 54. VersaTerm-Pro 195. 

Hayes Smartcom II 3.0 88. Traveling SoHware LAP-UNK 84. 

Word Processors & Desktop Publishing 

Access Technology Mind Write 2.0 


Mind Write Express 


Allan Bonadio Associates 

Expressionist 2.0 


Aldus Corporation 

PageMaker 3.0 


Ashton Tate 

FullWrite Professional 


Broderbund DTP Advisor 


Caere Omnipage 


Claris MacWrite 5.0 



Ready, Set Go! 4.5 


Letra Studio 


LetraFonts (Various Vol. 1-45 ea.) 


Microsoft Microsoft Word 4.0 


Postcraft International, Inc. 

Laser Fx Font Packs 1-6 ea. 


Laser Fx 


Quark, Inc. QuarkXPress V2.0 


Silicon Beach Software 

Silicon Press 


Symantec More II 


Symmetry Acta V2.0 


Acta Advantage 


T/Maker Company 

WriteNow V2.0 


Word Perfect Corporation 

Word Perfect 


Working Software QuickLetter 


Spelling & Grammar Checkers 

Aegis Development 

Electronic Arts Thunder! 1.23 


Doug Clapp’s Word Tools 2nd Edition 


Lundeen & Associates WorksPlus Spell 1.1 


A.LP. Systems MacProof 3.0 


Microlytics, Inc. 

Deneba Software 

Word Finder (Synonym Finder) 


Coach Merriam Webster's Thesaurus 2.0 


Sensible Software 

Spelling Coach 3.0 

Sensible Grammar Special 54. 



Working Software Spellswell 2.0 


Spelling Coach 3.0 Professional 


Lookup (Makes Spelling Suggestions) 


Accounting Packages 

Aatrix Software 

Layered Insight One Write 


Aatrix TimeMinder 


Insight Expert gC AR, or AP 


Aatrix Payroll Plus 


MECA Managing Your Money Special 12B. 

Bedford ^ftware 

Monogram Business Sense 


Simply Accounting 


Dollars & Sense 40 


Chang Labs 

North Edge Software Timeslips III 


New Enhanced Version HI Modules! 

Peachtree Back To Basics Professional 

Rags to Riches Gen. 3-Pak 



(GUAR/AP) Special 2B9. 

Softview Taxview Planner 


Rags to Riches GL AR. orAP 


California or New York Supplements 


Dac Software 

MacinTax Federal 


Dac-Easy Light 


Survivor Software 

Intuit Quicken 


MacMoney 3.0 (Enhanced Version) 


MetaDesign by Meta Software Corp. 

MetaDesign is the ideal graphics 
and text processor for systems 
designers, systems analysts, proj- 
ect managers, and anyone who 
needs to display complex relation- 
ships in systems of every type. 
MetaDesign understands that 
objects in a diagram are related 
and keeps track of them for you. 
When you move, change, re-size 
an object, MetaDesign automati- 
cally updates associated items, put- 
ting an end to time-consuming 
automatic redrawing! Its hierar- 
chical structure lets you manage 
complex systems in workable modules. Hypertext support allows you 
to link text across multiple levels and pages, and the case-sensitive 
Search feature lets you locate what you need no matter which level it 
resides in. Use MetaDesign early in a project to create a basic sketch, 
and update it easily and quickly as the project evolves! 

MetaDesign 199 . 

Game Software 

Access World Class Leader Board Golf 


Microsoft Flight Simulator 1.02 


Accolade Hard Ball or Mean 18 


Micro Sports MSFL Pro Draft 


4th & Inches 


MSFL Pro League Football 

Activision Shanghai or Jinxter 


or 500 Great Teams 




Miles Computing Inc. Down Hill Racer 


Universal Military Simulator or Manhole 


Harrier Strike Mission II 

Might and Magic 


or The Fool’s Errand 


Sky Travel 


Mindscape Balance of Power 1990, 

Artworx Bridge 5.0 


Crossword Magic or Citadel 


Avalon Hill Mac Pro Football 


Deja Vu: A Nightmare Comes True 


Broderbund Ancient Art of War or At Sea 


King Of Chicago. Shadowgate or 

ShufflePuck Cafe or Ultima III 


Joker Poker 


Poster Maker Plus 


Defender of the Crown. Colony 

Bullseye Software 

or The Uninvited 


P51 Mustang or Ferrari Grand Prix 


Practical Computer Applications 

Cassady & Greene, Inc. Crystal Quest 


MacGoif or Lunar Rescue 


Crystal Quest w/Critter Editor 




Centron Crapsmaster, 

Road Racer 


Roulettemaster or Blackjack Ace 


Mac Golf Classics 


Discovery Software Arknoid 


Primera Smash Hit Racquetball II 


Electronic Arts ChessMaster 2000 


Sierra On-Line Leisure Suit Larry 


Chuck Yeager Flight Simulator 

Space Quest or Space Quest II 


or Life & Death 


Police Quest 


Startleet 1 


Silicon Beach Software 



Dark Castle or Apache Strike 


One-On-One, Pinball Construction Sel 

Beyond Dark Castle 


Seven Cities of Gold, SkyFox, or 

Sir-Tech Mac Wizardry 


Patton vs Rommel 


SoftStream, Inc. Colour Billiards 


EPYX Sub Battle Simulator (Mac orMacll) 


Mac Man or Solitaire DA 


Hayden Software Sargon IV 


Sphere, Inc. Tetris 


Infinity Software, LTD. 

GATO, Orbiler or Pt-109 


Go or GrandSlam Tennis 


Solitaire Royale (Mac or Macll) 


Infocom Leather Goddesses of Phobos 

Falcon 2.0 


or Hitchhiker’s Guide 


Studio Zero Orbital Mech 


Beyond Zork, Zork Trilogy or QuaterStaff 


XOR Software NFL Challenge 


Zork Zero 


Pro Challenge or Basketball Challenge 


Rags to Riches ‘3-Packs’ by Chang Labs 

Specials good through 
February 28, 1989 

Customer Service (203) 378-3662 • FAX (203) 381-9043 
Monday thru Friday 9 A.M. to 9 P. M. 

Saturdays 10 A.M. to 6 P.M. (Eastern Time) 


• We accept MASTERCARD and VISA with no added surcharge. 

• Your credit card is not charged until we ship. 

• If we must ship a partial order the shipment that completes the order is sent 
freight free. 

• If you are ordering by mail, we accept private and company checks. With 
MASTERCARD and VISA orders include card number and expiration date 
Connecticut residents add 7.5% sales tax. 

Rags to Riches is the flexible and 
powerful modular accounting sys- 
tem that’s winning praise from 
accountants and reviewers nation- 
wide. Now, Chang Labs offers its 
popular Rags to Riches 3’Packs ' 
at a special price and with a spe- 
cial bonus! Each *3-Pack’ offers 
the user flexible reporting, batch 
totals for any time period, user 
definable accounting cycles, and 
impressive speed. When you need 
to analyze, graph or present your 
accounting information, just 
export it to your favorite program! As a special bonus, if you choose 
the ‘3-Pack’ that suits your needs before February 28th, 1989, 
Programs Plus will send you an Aatrix Payroll program, absolutely 

• Locations more than 1 day away shipped via Federal Express Standard Air 

• Federal Express Priority 1 service also available. 

• Sorry, we cannot accept COD orders. 


• Continental United States: Add S3.00 per order to cover Federal Express Standard 
Air service. APO/FPO orders shipped 1st Class Mail (add 3% $5.00 Min charge). 
Alaska, Hawaii and Outside Continental US: call or write for information. 


• Defective software will be replaced immediately by the same item. Defective hard- 
ware will be replaced or repaired at our own discretion. Call customer service at 
(203) 378-3662 to obtain a Return Authorization Number before returning goods 
for replacement. Products purchased in error subject to a 20% restocking fee. 

All items subject to availability. Prices subject to change without notice. 

Mail-in orders (especially from foreign countries), please furnish telephone 


Rags to Riches ‘General 3-Pack’ (GjL AjR, AjP) 289. 

Rags to Riches ‘Pro 3-Pack’ Pro. Bill., AjP) 359. 

Rags to Riches ‘Retail 3-Pack’ (G/L, Inventory, AjP) 359. 


Abaton InterFax 12/48 345. 

Anchor Automation 

MacPac 2400E w/software & cable 179. 


Epic 2400 Ini SE 315. 

Epic 2400 Ini Mac II 315. 

Epic 2400 Mini Exl 

(Hayes Compatible) 155. 

Everex Emac 2400 Baud 225. 

Hayes Microcomputing 

Smartmodem 1200 299. 

Smartmodem 2400 449. 

MDideas Commlink 2400 189. 


Migent Pocket Modem 

(ext. 300/1200 Baud) 115. 

Novation Novation Parrot 1200 109. 

Practical Peripherals 

Practical Modem Mini 1200SA 79. 

Practical Modem 1200SA 109. 

Practical Modem 2400SA 181. 


(2400SA w/Microphone II & Cable) 229. 

Promodem 2400M Exl 

(Software & Cable) 199. 

Promodem 2400 

(Hayes Compatible) 309. 

Supra Corporation Supra Modem 2400 149. 

U.S. Robotics 

Courier 1200 (Hayes Compatible) 1 99. 

Courier 2400 (Hayes Compatible) 349. 

Courier 2400E (Hayes Compatible) 379. 

Courier HST 9600 (Hayes Compatible) 689. 

75 Research Drive, 
Stratford, CT 06497 

800 / 832-3201 

Circle 44 on reader service card 

Utility Software 

ALSoft Disk Express 


Olduvai Software lcon*lt! or MultiClip 


Font/ DA Juggler Plus 


Read-lt' TS (For Thunderscan) 


Berkeley System Design Stepping Out II 


Read-Ill O.C.R 2.0 (For Image Scanners) 


CE Software QuicKeys (Macro Program} 


PCPC HFS Back-Up 3.0 


Central Point Software Copy II Mac 


Softworks Stack Cleaner 


PC Tools Deluxe Mac 


HyperTools 1 or 2 


Emerald City Software LaserTalk 


SuperMac Software SuperSpool 5.0 


Fifth Generation Systems Suitcase II 


SuperLaserSpool 2.0 


FastBack For The Macintosh 


Diskfit 1.4 


Power Station 


Sentinel 2.0 


HJCVirex Spec/a/69. 

Symantec MacSOZ! 


Icom Simulations On Cue 


Symantec Utilities for Mac (S.UM) 




WilUams& Macias 

Infosphere Liaison 


myDiskLabeler w/Color 


Microlytics, Inc. GOIer 


myDiskLabeler w/LaserWriter Option 


Microseeds Redux 


Working Software 



Findswell 2.0 (Document Finder) 


Printers & Digitizers 

Digital Vision Computer Eyes* Mac 


Seikosha SP1000 (Imagewriter Comp.) 


Koala Technologies Corp. 

Summagraphics Bit Pad Plus 


MacVision 2.0 (Digitizer) 



Kurta IS ADB Tablet 


ThunderScan V4.0 with Power Port 


Cordless 4 Button Cursor 


Mac II Power Accessory 


Macinware SE Ext. Carrying Case 
by I/O Design 

The Macinware SE Ext. Carry- 
ing Case protects your Mac SE, 

Plus, or 512K and its extended 
keyboard in safety and style. It's 
made of rugged 1000 Denier 
Dupont Cordura nylon, and 
surrounds your machine with a 
full half-inch of high-density 
foam padding. There’s room for 
an external hard drive, a mouse, 
cords, and disks, so your com- 
plete system travels with you in 
one compact unit. All stress 
points are cross-box stitched for 
added safety. A convenient 
shoulder strap is included, and you can choose platinum grey or navy 
blue colors. 

SE Carrying Case 76. 

DataBase Management 

Acius 4th Dimension 489. 

4D Runtime 239. 

Activision Reports (or HyperCard 75. 

Focal Point & Business Class Bundie 65. 

City To City 30. 

Apple Computer HyperCard A2. 

Ashton Tale dBASE Mac 1.0 295. 

Blythe Software Omnis 3 Plus/ Express 129. 

Borland Refiex Plus 165. 

Claris FileMaker II 239. 

Fox Software Fox Base Plus 208. 

Microsoft Microsoft File 2.0 11 9. 

Nordic HyperCONTROL 42. 

Odesta Double Helix II 339. 

DataDesk Professional 239. 

GeoQuery 199. 

Software Discoveries RecordHolderPlus 45. 
TENpointO FocalPoint II 125. 

Educational/Creative Software 

Ars Nova Practica Musica 79. 

Banon’s Barron's SAT 35. 

Bible Research The Word (KJV or NIV) 1 65. 

Bogas Productions Studio Session 49. 

String Quartet Country or Heavy Metal 15. 

Super Studio Session 79. 

Bright Star Technology Alphabet Blocks 32. 

Talking Tiles 69. 

Broderbund Clip Sounds 36. 

Jam Session or Black & White Movies 30. 

Sensei Geometry. Calculus or Physics 59. 

Type! 20. 

Where in the World is Carmen SanDiego? 25. 

Coda Mac Drums 32. 

Perceive 65. 

Davidson & Associates Speed Reader II 39. 

Math Blaster or Word Attack! 27. 

Electronic Arts Mavis Beacon Typing 36. 

Venture’s Business Simulator 47. 

Deluxe Music Construction Set V2.0 61 . 

1st Byte/Bectronic Arts Kid Talk, Speller 
Bee, First Shapes, or Math Talk 32. 

Great Wave Software KidsTime 26. 

Number Maze 27. 

Crystal Paint 41. 

Individual Typing instructor Encore 26. 

Learning Company Reader Rabbit 33. 

Mindscape Perfect Score SAT 
w/The Perfect College 46. 

Niles & Associates End Note 85. 

Nordic MacKids Educational Programs (eaj 28. 
Simon & Schuster Typing Tutor IV 35. 

Springboard Top Honors 59. 

Family Matters or Atlas Explorer 28. 

Sensible Grammar by Sensible Software 

Sensible Grammar takes the 
drudgery out of proofreading 
your documents, so you can 
devote more time to creating 
perfect documents. It's simple to 
check your documents for thou- 
sands of common grammar and 
style errors. Informal, overly 
formal, vague, wordy, chiche 
and sexist are detected. So are 
punctuation, capitalization, verb 
tense, verb agreement, and many 
other types of errors. All are 
displayed on screen, along with 
suggested corrections, and an 
editing window so you can make 
corrections quickly. Sensible Grammar also allows you to customize its 
checking so you can adapt it to your needs with just a few' keystrokes. 
Make the sensible choice in proofreading software. Sensible Grammar. 

Sensible Grammar 54. 

Disk Drives/Hard Disks/Upgrades 

Applied Engineering MacRAMS 

MaeSnap 548S (512E to 2MB w/SCSI) 


(1MB SIMMS Mac^, SE.II) 


MaeSnap Plus 2 (MacPIus to 

AST Research 

2MB Non Expandable) 


Mac286 Co-Processor (Mac II) 


MaeSnap 2SE or 1024 Option 


(1MB or Macll Memory Exp.) 


Compact Series SC30 (Mac*/SE/ll) 


SCSI Interface/ Port 


Compact Series SC45 (Mac+/SE/li) 


MaeSnap Toolkit (forx driver, 

SD Series MacStack SD20 (Mac^/SE/ll) 


opener & grounding set) 


SD Series MacStack SD60 (Mac^/SE/ll) 


Everex Emac 20D (20Mg Hard Disk) 


Cutting Edge Cutting Edge 800k Drive 


Emac 20 Deluxe 


Cutting Edge Wedge XL 30 

Personal Computer Peripherals 

Plus SCSI Hard Drive 


Beige or Platinum Color. Optional 

Cutting Edge Wedge XL 45 

Built-In Modems Available. 

Plus SCSI Hard Drive 


MacBottom HD-21 

Cutting Edge XL 30 Internal Hard Drive 


(2(hMB SCSI Hard Disk) 


Cutting Edge XL 45 Internal Hard Drive 


MacBottom HD-32 (32MB SCSI HD) 


Dove Computer Corporation 

MacBottom HD-45 (45MB SCSI HD) 


Marathon 020 Accelerator 

MacBottom HD -70 (70MB 



SCSI Hard Disk) Plat only 


MSE 2 (16 Mhz w/IMB) Special 1059. 

Rodime Rodime 20 Plus Exl 


MSE 3 (16 Mhz w/Math Co-processor) 


Rodime 45 Plus (Ext. 45MB SCSI) 


MSE 4 (16 Mhz w/IMB & Math Chip) 


Rodime 450RX (Int. 45MB Mac SE/II) 


MaeSnap 52A(512Klo1MB) 


Rodime 100 Plus (Ext. 100MB SCSI) 




Rodime 140 Plus (Ext. 140MB SCSI) 


MaeSnap 524S (512E to 1MB w/SCSI) 


Rodime 1000 RX (Int. 100MB Macll) 


MaeSnap 548 (51 2K to 2MB) 


Video Technology 

MaeSnap 548E (512E to 2MB) 


Laser 800k External Drive 


Marathon MSE-2 by Dove Computer 

Marathon MSE-2 is the accel- 
erator and memory expansion 
board that brings speed and 
power to your Macintosh SE. 

Because the Marathon MSE-2 
features a 68020 32-bit 16 MHz 
microprocessor, your favorite 
programs will run up to 400% 
faster! And the 1 Megab>ie on- 
board memory expands the 
existing memory, so you’ll be 
able to run MultiFinder and 
many other memory-hungry 
applications! The software pro- 
grammable on-board CMOS 
LCA controller chip, on-board expansion slot, and optional 68881 
math co-processor option allow future expansion and ensure compat- 
ibility. When productivity and flexibility are important, go the dis- 
tance with Dove's Marathon MSE-2! 

Marathon MSE-2 1059. 

Business Software 


Abacus Concepts StatView II 
(Mac^, SE, II w/68020 & 68881) 349. 

StatView SE+ Graphics 229. 

Access Technology Trapeze 2.1 1 59. 

Ashton Tate Pull Impact 249. 

Borland Eureka! The Solver 1 29. 

Brainpower ArchiText 1 82. 

StatView 512 Plus 175. 

Math View Professional 1 45. 

OataScan 118. 

Bravo Technologies MacCalc 79. 

Chang Laboratories 

CAT. Contacts»Activities»Time 229. 

Claris MacProject II 395. 

Cognition Technology MacSMAFTTS 135. 

D2 Software MacSpin 2.0 1 89. 

Individual 101 Macros For Excel 37. 

Legisoft WiliMaker 3.0 35. 

Lundeen & Associates 

WOrksPlus Commands 59. 

Mainstay Capture 


Mac Flow 2.0 or Mac Schedule 


Mela Software MetaDesign 

Special 199. 

Micro Planning Software 

Micro Planner 6.0 


Microsoft Microsoft Works 2.0 


Microsoft Excel 1.5 


Satori Software 

Bulk Mailer 3.2 


Bulk Mailer Plus 


Components GL 


Select Micro Systems, Inc. 

Exstatix or MapMaker 


Shana Enterprises 

Fast Forms 


Softworks Client 


Synex Mac Envelope 4.0 


Mac Invoice 


Systat Systat 3.2 

(Specify MacPIus. SE or Mac II) 


Abaton ProPoint (ADB Mouse 
for Mac SE & Mac II) 99. 

Asher Engineering 
Turbo Trackball (l^c & Mac* or 
MacSE&Macll) 69. 

CH Products Mirage; Quad or ADB 
(Turns Joystick Into Mouse) 39. 

Mach IV Plus: Quad or ADB 65. 

Curtis Manufacturing 

Emerald-Surge Suppressor-SP-2 36. 

Ruby-Surge Suppressor-SPF-2 55. 

Cutting Edge Cutting Edge EADB-105 
Keyboard (Mac SE & Mac II) 1 35. 


MAC-101 Keyboard/ Beige 
(128k/512k&MacPlus) 139. 

MAC- 101 ADB Keyboard /Platinum 
(MacSE&Macll) 139. 

Ergotron Mousecleaner 360“ 15. 

MacTiH /Mac. SE or//) 68. 


MacRecorder Sound System 
(Mac SE or Mac II) 139. 

Impulse Audio Digitizer w/soundware 145. 

I/O Design Mac Luggage in Navy 
Macinware Plus Canning Case 64. 

Macinware SE Carrying Case Special 76. 
Imageware U Carrying Case 49. 

HDware 54. 

Kalmar Designs 
Teakwood Roll- Top Disk Cases: 

Micro Cabinet (holds 45 disks) 1 4. 

Double Micro Cabinet (holds 90 disks) 21 . 

Triple Micro Cabinet (holds 135 disks) 31 . 

Kensington External Disk Drive Cover 8. 

Extra Long ADB Keyboard Cable 25. 

Macintosh II Stand 20. 

Macintosh II Monitor Extension Cable 33. 

Mouse Pocket (Reg. or ADB) 8. 

Mouseway (Mousepad) 8. 

ImageWriter or ImageWriter II Cover 9. 

Macintosh Plus/SE Dust Cover 9. 

Macintosh SE w/extended Kybd Cover 9. 

Mouse Cleaning Kit w/Pocket 17. 

Disk Drive Cleaning Kit 20. 

Tilt/Swivel 22. 

Blank Media 

Apple Security Kit 34. 

Antiglare Polarizing Filter 33. 

Modem/Fax Protector 10 15. 

Modem / Fax Protector 20 29. 

Power Tree Surge Suppressors 
(10. 20. or 50) Call 

Printer Muffler Stand (80 & 132) 24. 

Printer Muffler 80 43. 

System Saver Mac (Beige or Platinum) 64. 

Super Base 34. 

System Saver SE 55. 

Masterpiece Mac II 105. 

New Turbo Mouse (Reg. or ADB) 1 1 9. 


Fanny Mac QT (Beige or Platinum) 60. 

Mouse Systems 

A+ Mouse (MacPIus) 65. 

A+ ADB Mouse (Mac SE/Mac II) 85. 

Moustrak MousePad 7" x 9“ Size 8. 

MousePad9"xirSize 9. 

Orange Micro Grappler Spooler 39. 

Grappler C/Mac/GS 79. 

Grappler L/Q or Grappler L/S 92. 


Available in Black, Blue. Brown. Green. 

Orange. Purple, Red, Yellow. Silver & Gold 
ImageWriter Ribbon 4. 

ImageWriter Black 6-pack 20. 

ImageWriter Rainbow Pack (6 Colors) 20. 

ImageWriter ll-Four Color Ribbon 9. 

ImageWriter LQ Black 17. 

ImageWriter LQ Four Color 20. 

Seikosha Ribbon Black 6. 

Sificon Comforts MacChimney 
fVery Effective Cardboard 
Laminate Convection Cooling Device) 1 6. 

Smith & Bellows 

Mahogany Disk Case (holds 96) 30. 

Sopris Softworks 

High Trek Carry Cases - Platinum Gray, Navy 
Imagewriter II Case 49. 

Macintosh Plus. SE w/Standard Kybd 59. 

Macintosh SE & Extended Kybd Case 69. 

Targus Imagewriter II Carry Case BIk. 49. 

Macintosh Plus Carry Case BIk. 59. 

Deluxe MacPIus-XKB BIk. 69. 

Virex by H JC Software 

Virex is the solution to the threat 
of Macintosh computer viruses. 
Virex is the only program that 
detects and repairs infected pro- 
grams and system files! If you 
need to eradicate an existing 
virus from your infected system, 
or want to protect your system 
from future infection, Virex is 
the safe, effective product that 
does the job. Its icon driven 
approach and on-line help make 
it easy to learn and use. Virex 
combats all known Macintosh viruses and HJC Software plans to 
update the program to combat new viruses. Registered users will be 
notified of updates and can subscribe to HJC’s inexpensive upgrade 


Graphics Software 


3G Graphics Images With Impact! 


Laserware Laserpaint Color II 


Images With Impact Business 1 Special 75. 


ABA Software Draw It Again Sam 2.0 


ImageStudio 1.5 or Standout 


Graphist Paint II 


Macromind Videoworks II 


Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator 88 


Videoworks II Accelerator 


Adobe Fonts (Various volumes) 


Videoworks II Driver for HyperCard 


Aldus Freehand 


Micro Illusions Photon Paint 


Alleys Corp. FONTastic Plus 2.0 


Micro CAD/CAM MGMStation 


Fontographer 2.2 


Micro: Maps 

Ashton Tate Full Paint 


MacAtlas Paint 2.0 (MacPaint Format) 


Broderbund Print Shop or Clip Charts 


MacAtlas Hyper Atlas 


Drawing Tables 


MacAtlas Professional 

CE Software Calendar Maker 3.1 


(PICT/MacDraw Version) 


Claris MacPaint II 


Microsoft Microsoft PowerPoint 2.0 


MacDraw II 


Olduvai Software 

Cricket Software Cricket Draw 


Post-ART II (4-Disk Set! 


Cricket Paint or Pictograph 


ArtFonts 1. 2 or 3 


Cricket Graph 


Siicon Beach Software 

Cncket Presents 


SuperPaint 2.0 


Deneba Software Canvas DA 1.0 


Digital Darkroom 


Canvas 2.0 (Includes Desk Accessory) 


Super 3D 


Dream Maker 

Solutions International 

MacGallery (HyperCard or Paint) 


The Curator (Catalog Your Art) 




Springboard Certificate Maker 


Dubl-Click Software 

Wbrks of Art Assortment 

World Class Fonts; Various Vol. 1-6 (ea) 


Holiday, or Education 


WetPaint Vanous Vol. 1-16 (ea) 


Wbrks of Art Laser Art or Fonts 


Bectronic Arts Studio 8 (Macll) 


Springboard Publisher 


Enzan-Hoshigumi USA 

SuperMac Software Pixel Paint 


MacCalligraphy 2.0 



Japanese Clip Art 


Picture Base & Wet Paint Bundle 


Foundation Publishing Comic People 


T/Maker Click Art Letters 1. Letters II, 

Comic Strip Factorv 


Personal Graphics, Effects, 

Generic Software Generic CADD 


Business Image, or Holidays (each) 


Graphsoft Mini Cad 4.0 


Christian Images 


Innovative Data Design Dreams 


Click Art EPS Illustrations 


MacDraft 1.2B 


Zedcor DeskPaint 2.0 


Single Sided 3^^” Diskettes 
Bulk rSony/3V4'* SS/DD Disks (10) 
Sony 3%*' SS/DD Disks (box ol 10) 
Double Sided ZVt” Diskettes 
Bulk (Sony) 3’/^" DS/DD (10) 

Centech S'/t” DS/DD Color Disks (10) 

Sony 3%" DS/ DD Disks (box of 10) 1 9. 

12. Fu.i 3’-^" DS/DD Disks (box oMO) 19. 

13. Maxell 3%" DS/DD Disks (box of 10) 20. 

Verbatim 3’/4" DS/DD Disks (box of 10) 1 9. 

1 7. 3M 3W DS/DD Disks (box of 10) 20. 



Borland Turbo Pascal 65. 

Turbo Pascal Tutor 46. 

Consulair Mac 68000 Dev. System 59. 

Mainstay V.I.P. 2.5 

(Visual Interactive Programming) 1 09. 

Manx Aztec C 65. 

Aztec MPW C 99. 

Axtec C + SDB 99. 

Microsoft Microsoft Quick Basic 


Smethers & Barnes Prototyper 


Symantec Lightspeed C 


Lightspeed Pascal 



TML Pascal II (Includes MPW) 


TML Source Code Library II 


Zedcore ZBasic 5.0 




Here'S Gripping News 
For Mouse Users 

Introducing The Gravis MouseStick!" 

A Better Handle 
ON Design 

The Plan: Create the input device 
that is the ultimate in controller 
precision and versatility. 

The Strategy: Combine design 
ergonomics with state-of-the-art 
controller technology. 

The Result: The Gravis Mouse - 
Stick "''' . The breakthrough joystick 
controller technology ergonomically 
based on the hand's ability to 
perform precise movements with 
speed and accuracy. 

Technology makes the Mouse- 
Stick^'' today's most versatile input 
device. For desktop use. For large- 
screen monitor CAD and DTP 
applications. And, of course, for 
computer games. 

Plug it in and get ready! Every- 
thing opens up with an amazing 
1200 point resolution that can be set 
to any screen size. 

And the big picture resolves into 
fractional sensitivity modes for 
precise pixel by pixel control. 

The secret? The MouseStick's^" 
true optomechanical digital output 
signal. Here's a comparison: avail- 
able analog joysticks perform like an 
old hi-fi. The MouseStick's^" digital 
optomechanics perform like 
a compact disk player. 
And there's more — 
the Gravis Mouse- 
Stick^'* Processing 
Unit (GMPU). 

This little brain 
really frees you 
to select from 
hundreds of 
modes such 
as direct 
with or 

A Better Handle 
ON Technology 

Design makes the MouseStick 

autocentering and fully variable 
pulse output. Three programmable 
microswitch buttons let you emulate 
keyboard commands, and the 
GMPU's 16-character display and 
menu system updates you on mode 
and function. 

Thanks to the GMPU's 16K of 
ROM, programming options are 
virtually limitless and it can be user 
upgraded to include new features. 
The MouseStick"'* is compatible with 
all Macintosh®, Apple lie, lie and 
IIGS computers, has all the unique 
features of the Gravis Joystick and 
comes with a one year no-nonsense 

So Test-Drive the 
MouseStick"' Today ! 

Get a grip on the new Mouse- 
Stick"" and you'll quickly discover 
it's light years ahead of the mouse, 
trackball or traditional joystick. 

The MouseStick"" doesn't clutter 
your desk or require constant 
cleaning. And unlike a trackball, 
you don't need the dexterity of a 
cardshark to drag an item. 

The Gravis MouseStick"" is one of 
the most technologically advanced 
and durable digital input devices 
available . 

But don't worry. You can handle it. 

See Us at Booth #2452 Macworld Expo 



Computer Technology Ltd. 

7033 Antrim Ave. Burnaby B.C. 

Canada V5J 4M5 US OFFICE: 

1602 Carolina St. #D12, 

Bellingham WA 98226 
Tel. 604-434-7274 

Circle 401 on reader service card 


New Products 

Information on the Mac's latest hardware, 
software, and accessories 

Edited by Mary Margaret Lewis 

This section covers Macintosh products 
formally announced but not yet evaluated 
by Maavorld. All prices are suggested 
retail. Please call vendors for information 
on availability. 


Cable Scanner Cable tester for LAN cabling 
systems. Pinpoints location of any cable 
faults in LAN cabling system. Supports vari- 
ety of network configurations including 
AppleTalk, TOPS, and twisted-pair. Includes 
AC battery charger, cable adapters, cable 
tracer, and troubleshooting guide. $1495. 
Microtest, 602/971-6464. 

FT-60 Bus-Link Bus-Link subsystem lets 
one computer access the memory of anoth- 
er. Links to Mac II NuBus card for memory 
sharing between Mac II and any other 
computer with VMEbus, Multibus I, Unibus, 
Qbus, SELbus, or Lbus architecture. 

$13,900 to $19,900. Flavors Technology, 

GigaTape Mac subsystem backs up 2.3 gig- 
abytes on an 8mm tape cartridge in less 
than 7 hours. Available in configurations 
ranging from 2 gigabytes to 1 terabyte. De- 
signed for 5i^4-inch form factor. Sustained 
data rate of 246K per second. $4995, in- 
cludes SCSI interface and proprietary back- 
up software. Summus Computer Svstems, 

Mac Data Display (Model A342) Three- 
pound LCD projection panel that displays 
Mac-generated images on a large screen or 
wall via overhead projector. Works with all 
Mac models. Fits on top of any standard 
overhead projector and connects to video 
port of the Mac. Comes with power supply. 

plug-in board, and video cable. $1499; cus- 
tom carrying case $69.95. Computer Acces- 
sories Corporation, 619/457-5500. 

MacinStor i Series Internal hard disk sub- 
systems for the SE, Mac II, and Mac IIx. 
Comes with disk management software in- 
cluding formatter, diagnostics, partitioning, 
backup and restore, disk optimization, data 
encryption, and data recovery. $999 to 
$7999. Storage Dimensions, 408/879-0300. 

Macintosh Communications Package 

Includes 2400-baud SA modem in platinum 
color, cable for use with any Mac, and Micro- 
Phone communications softw^are version 

I. 1. $299. Practical Peripherals, 


Maclvory Symbolic processor board with 
standard Mac II desktop system for deliv- 
ery of AI applications. Developers can use 
standard platform to deliver applications 
developed on Symbolics’ 3600 workstation 
and XL400 system. Integrates with applica- 
tions in commercial, industrial, and mili- 
tary computing environments, and accesses 
existing Mac applications. Starting price for 
system $21,900; board $10,800. Symbolics, 

MACPIO-24 Interface Board High-current, 
24-bit, parallel digital I/O board for the Mac 

II. Interfaces with variety of instruments, 
displays, and user-defined systems and 
equipment. Handles digital I/O through 
standard 37-pin, D-type connector. 18-inch 
ribbon connector cable available. $200; 
cable $25. MetraByte, 508/880-3000. 

Magic45 Removable Removable 45MB tape 
cartridge for data storage. Fits under the 
Mac and includes four-switch power center 
on front panel. Units are preformatted and 
configured for immediate use. $1795. Mac- 
Products USA, 512/343-9441. 

NX-2400 Multi-Font Printer 24-wire, letter- 
quality printer. Four internal fonts, paper 
parking, and expandable memory. Stan- 
dard with 7K buffer, expandable to 39K 
with optional 32K RAM card. Four resident 
fonts, with additional fonts available. $529. 
Star Micronics, 212/986-6770. 

RGB/Videolink Free-standing scan con- 
verter, about the size of a VCR, converts sig- 
nal from a Mac II to NTSC (television) sig- 
nal or low-resolution RGB signal. Lets you 
use images from Mac II for videotaping, 
video projection, and video transmission. 
$9900. RGB Technology, 415/848-0180. 

spectrum/8 Series II 

Spectrum/8 Series II Color video board 
with custom gate array replaces more than 
40 components used on previous card. Pro- 
duces up to an 8-square-foot desktop. Cen- 
ters objects and makes panning adjust- 
ments from dialog box. $1895. SuperMac 
Technology, 415/962-2900. 


Mao^’orld 277 


qi ipt yr oRDERfl^ ** 

Date: EiLi-U^ 






SSH-4 Accessory Board Four-channel, si- 
multaneous sample-and-hold accessory 
board for MetraByte’s DAS-20, and 
VMECAI-16 and VMEAI-16 analog interface 
boards. Allows analog input data to be 
acquired from two, three, or four inputs 
with less than 30 nanoseconds channel-to- 
channel sample time uncertainty $425. 
MetraByte, 617/880-3000. 

Vari-Sync Monitor Nineteen-inch monitor 
adjusts to resolutions of 640 by 350, 640 by 
400, and 640 by 480 pixels. Built for CAD/ 
CAM/CIM, factory automation, graphic de- 
sign. Available in metal enclosure, cabinet, 
or chassis. Suitable for rack mounting. 
$2500. Colorgraphic Communications Cor- 
poration, 404/455-3921. 

Varityper \T600W Prints on up to ll-by-17- 
inch plain paper for CAD/CAM drawings, 
financial reports, and new'spaper publish- 
ing. Imaging in ledger-size format. Comes 
with AppleTalk interface, Centronics paral- 
lel and RS 232C serial ports, and 35 Adobe 
PostScript tvpe fonts. $22,995. Varitvper, 

ViewFrame IH-2 LCD Overhead large- 
screen projection panel compatible with all 
Macs. Gives simultaneous projection of the 
monitor’s image on an overhead screen or 
wall when placed on standard overhead 
projector. B&W display with eight shades of 
gray. $1850. Nview Corporation, 


Accountant, Inc. Professional accounting 
package that adapts to the existing ac- 
counting system of small to medium-size 
companies. Accounts receivable module 
addresses customer accounts, sales, and 
cash receipts journals. Accounts payable 
section covers vendor accounts, purchases 
and cash payments journals. 1MB min. 
memory. $595. Softsync, 212/685-2080. 

AE Operator Marketing information system 
that temporarily holds data before sending 
it to spreadsheets, w’ord processors, and 

other Mac applications. Acts as a cache to 
record telephone and written correspon- 
dence. Auto phone dialing. 1MB min. mem- 
ory. $125. Archaic Engineering, 

Aware Multiuser accounting software that 
imports data from a spreadsheet, creates a 
transaction audit trail, and consolidates 
multiple accounting centers. Designed for 
corporate accounting systems. 1MB min. 
memory $1500; discount for multiple in- 
stallations. Database International, 

Blackjack Ace Simulates casino blackjack. 
Lets you learn the game while picking up 
test betting strategies. Displays game table, 
mouse-controlled betting and play, and 
card-counting and advice windows. Sup- 
ports all casino bets. 512K min. memory 
$39. Centron Software, 800/848-2424. 

Bottomline Tax templates for Excel or Mul- 
tiplan. Short and long forms and associated 
schedules for most personal and business 
tax returns. Corporate, partnership, sole 
proprietorship, farm income and expenses, 

278 February 1989 



name or M 





social security tax, IRA, and deductible 
home mortgage interest computation in- 
cluded. 512K min. memory. $49.95. Compu- 
Craft, 303/791-2077. 

BPlan Stand-alone business-plan software. 
Prompts you with series of worksheet 
questions; your responses produce a busi- 
ness plan. Includes word processor and 
modeling capability. Works with a variety 
of word processors and spreadsheets. 1MB 
min. memory. $195. Palo Alto Software, 


Bridge Dealer Bridge program that gener- 
ates playing hands to your specifications; 
lets you restrict any or all of the four hand 
positions via the Dialog Box. Generates 
hands for tournament play, bidding or play 
evaluation, and bidding practice. Synchro- 
nizes multiple computers to deal the same 
hands in the same order so you can prac- 
tice bidding over the telephone. Mac II- 
compatible. 512KE min. memory $50. 
Gonzo Systems, 501/895-1354. 

Business MacBuiiders and Laser MacLabels 

Business MacBuiiders maintains lists, per- 
forms mail merges, and acts as a direct 
mail processor without programming. Sim- 
ple MacSoftware will customize for you; 
some changes made at no charge. Laser 
MacLabels creates three-column labels on 
an ImageWriter or laser printer. Maintains 
lists; lets you select sections for mailing. 
Laser MacLabels and Business xMacBuilders 
bundled together. 1MB min. memory. $100 
combined. Simple MacSoftware, 

Cause Personal programming software for 
nontechnical users and programmers. Au- 
tomatically documents programs as they 
are written. Licenses developers to market 
unlimited number of application programs. 
512KE min. memory Personal version 
$495; professional version for developers 
$ 595 . Maxem Corporation, 602/827-8181. 

Ciip3D Ten-volume image library of pre- 
drawn 3-D images for production of cam- 
era-ready graphics. Rotates, shades, and il- 
luminates 3-D objects from the library; 

Clip3D software included with each vol- 
ume. 512KE min. memory Each volume 
$ 99 . Enabling Technologies, 312/427-0386. 

Crapsmaster Simulates the game of casino 
craps with realistic display of game table 
and mouse-controlled bet placement. 512K 
min. memory $39. Centron Software, 

Dashboard Graphic communications soft- 
w^are that gives automatic access to elec- 
tronic information services, such as Dow 
Jones News/Retrieval, Genie, CompuServe, 
and MCI Mail. Based on standard Mac inter- 
face and HyperCard. 1MB min. memory. 
Under $400. TenPointO, 415/329-0500. 

Data Decision analysis software that iden- 
tifies sequence and linkage of events in a 
tree structure. Helps you evaluate inter- 
mediate points of the decision tree to iden- 
tify sequence of events and probable out- 
comes of a particular action. 512K min. 
memory $495. TreeAge Software, 


Macworld 279 










Desktop Specs Specification database for 
architects. Primarily for light-commercial, 
health-care, and residential projects. You 
can edit disk for specific projects or create 
your own specifications using the database 
as guideline. 512K min. memory. S220. 
Patrick Manley Architects, 614/469-9906. 

Diskworld for the Macintosh Monthly Mac- 
intosh software subscription. 800K disks 
deliver a variety of software including 
games, desk accessories, fonts, and Hyper- 
Card stacks. 512KE min. memory One is- 
sue $9.95; three-month trial subscription 
$19.95. Softdisk, 318/221-8718. 

Facelt Stand-alone set of code resources to 
add Mac interface to programs written in 
BASIC, C, FORTRAN, Modula-2, and Pascal. 
One manual works with all languages and 
compilers; multiple programs run simulta- 
neously using a single copy of Facelt on 
disk. 512KE min. memory. With sample 
programs for one compiler $50; with sam- 
ple programs for ten compilers $100. Face- 
Ware, 217/328-5842. 

FastLabel Labeling software for mailing 
lists, disk labels, envelopes, and price tags. 
Program reads name of floppy disk in 
drive, stores name, and prints it as a label. 
You can insert many disks in succession, 
thereby creating a list of disk names to 
make into labels. Prints to standard label 
sheet. Formats text as it is imported. 512K 
min. memorv. $49.95. Vertical Solutions, 
206/352-2097, 800/942-4008. 

The Game of Fractal Images Software ad- 
junct to Springer-Verlag s book The Sci- 
ence of Fractal Images (1988). Contains 
new algorithms that demonstrate Mandel- 
brot and Julia sets. 1MB min. memory. 
$24.95. Springer-Verlag Publishers, 

Graphics Shortcuts Technical clip art for ar- 
chitects, builders, and graphic artists. Four 
modules contain variety of images: trees, 
people, cars, signs, and more. Available for 
Dreams and SuperPaint. 512KE min. mem- 
ory. $59.95. Patrick Manley Architects, 

Hyper-Action Compilation of more than 45 
non-copy-protected common-background 
stacks to help you manage daily sales, busi- 
ness, and personal activities. vStores docu- 
ments hierarchically; sorts scanned-in 
graphics hierarchically. Includes daily cal- 
endar, notes, maps, and mini corporate 
tree for identifying key people in decision 
process for sales prospects. 1MB min. 
memorv. $94.50. Multi Solutions, 

MacBaby Math Teaches children ages six 
months and up numbers from 1 through 
100, and teaches the basic math concepts of 

' <k rile Edit lUIndouis Math Option* Sketch ' 

MacBaby Math 

2«() Kchruary 1989 





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addition, subtraction, multiplication, and 
division. 128K min. memory. $39.95. KAR 
Enterprises, 408/739-9517. 

Macinteriors 3-D interior design tool for 
designing room layouts. Gives view and 
print elevations, plans, and perspectives. 
Places up to 64 stored library units in di- 
rect position within a room plan, and lets 
you view perspectives from any angle or 
height. 1MB min. memory. $295. Com- 
Ser\Go, 504/649-0484. 

MacSmarts Professional Inference server 
on TOPS or other PC/Mac network. Links 
databases and spreadsheets, HyperCard 
stacks, MacPaint and PICT images, and text 
files. Performs calculations and logical op- 
erations on variables and data, uses built-in 
functions and equations. Handles up to 
4000 rules per knowledge base and 1000 
examples per rule. 1MB min. memory. 

$495. Cognition Technology Corporation, 
617/492-0246, 800/622-2829. 

Metro ImageBase Fourteen categorized 
volumes of 300-dpi digitized artwork; vol- 
ume consists of 100 images on 5 to 8 floppy 
disks. Subjects include business graphics. 

4 File Cdil Uieui Special OrtfcPaint 

Metro ImageBase 

newsletter and report makers, and more. 
Works with most page layout software. 
512K min. memory Each volume $145. 
Metro ImageBase, 818/881-1997. 

Minicad Plus 3-D software to be used with- 
in 2-D document. Write your own routines 
with the spreadsheet and programmable 
macro language. New 2-D features include 
complex duplication with arrays, and abil- 

ity to move objects by precise measure- 
ments. 1MB min. memory. $695. Graphsoft, 

OvalTline Synchronizes graphics from any 
Mac graphics program with music. Saves 
graphics in PICT format or in clipboard; 
saves music as MIDI files. Saves combina- 
tion of graphics and music in OvalTune 
videotape file.^ Proprietary library of 128 


Mac^'orld 281 





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The road to success will always 
be paved in triplicate. But with new 
SmartForm^software and Macintosh 
personal computers, it’s no longer 
the tollway it once was. 

The SmartForm concept is sim- 
ple: you can’t reduce the paperwork, 
so reduce the amount of paper. And 
the printing, shipping and storage 
costs that go with it. 

SmartForm Designer™ includes 
all you need to whip out crisp, professional forms 
in a hurry Fields, lists, check boxes, grids, combs, 
lines, ovals, rectangles— everything. And 
their sizes and locations can be pin- 
pointed to the exact inch, centimeter, 
point or pica. 

Type flexibility is almost unlim- 
ited. You can reverse, condense 
and expand fonts, adjust leading and 

© 1989 Claris Corporation, 440 Clyde Avenue, Mountain View. CA 94043: (415) 


sounds. Plays music over Mac or standard 
speakers. 1MB min. memory. $145. Intelli- 
gent Computer Music Systems, 


PC Tools/Mac Mac version of PC Tools De- 
luxe. Collection of disk utilities and data 
recovery tools includes Smart Locate DA, 
Fast Hard-disk Backup, File Undelete, File 
Unfragmenter, Recovery (from damaged 
floppies or hard disks). File Encryption and 
Compression, and Fast File Copy. 512KE 
min. memorv. $79. Central Point Software, 

Perfect Timing Calendar- and schedule- 
management system for Mac networks. 
Network users can schedule and confirm 
group meetings, and individuals can use 
on-screen calendar and datebook func- 

Perfect Timing 

tions. 1MB min. memory. Starter kit $295, 
includes server, accommodates up to three 
workstations; three additional worksta 
tions $150. Imagine Software, 415/453-3944. 

Photon Paint Graphics program that ro- 
tates, resizes, and flips objects, and main- 
tains perspective when it tilts. Blend mode 
smooths shading and blends shapes with 
background. Magnification window allows 

sizing of magnified pixels and scrolling 
around magnified images. 1MB min. mem- 
ory. $299. Microlllusions, 818/360-3715. 

Police Quest Hand out a traffic ticket, get 
tangled in red tape, bring a racketeer to 
justice, or go undercover to infiltrate the 
Death Angel’s gang, when you take on the 
role of cop in this adventure game. 3-D 
graphics let you move around objects; op- 
tional joystick control. 512K min. memorv. 
$49.95. Sierra On-Line, 209/683-4468. 

QuickMap Geographic analysis tool that 
represents data on a map. You can build a 
customized geographic-analysis mapping 

Monthly Report 


282 February 1989 

lakes manyforms. 


The StmrtFonn system letsym design professional-quality 
business forms on a Macintosh. Then lets anyone with a Macintosh fill them in. 

customize type sizes from 4 to 127 points. 

You can create sophisticated graphics and 
logos right in the program. Or copy art from other 
programs and paste it into your forms. 

You can design complex multipart and multi- 
page forms. And custom forms up to 20" x 35'.' 

In fact, you can do everything on a Macintosh 
that a professional forms designer does on a drafting 
table. Only faster, easier and without paper cuts. 

But you won’t have to redraw the forms you’re 
currently using. Just scan them in. 

You can even give your forms “intelligent” fea- 
tures like automatic calculating and instant help. 

Then, SmartForm Assistant” lets everyone else 
in your company fill in your forms on a Macintosh. 
Quickly and accurately But it won’t let anyone tam- 
per with your designs. 

With the SmartForm system, all your forms 
are stored on a Macintosh. You don’t print a copy 
until you’ve filled one out. 

That can save you a bundle in shipping and 
storage costs. And when you move to a more pres- 
tigious address, the price of success won’t include 
thousands of dollars’ worth of outdated forms. 

Finally, SmartForm will integrate with your 
other Macintosh software. So you can easily transfer 
information from forms to spreadsheets or databases. 

If all this sounds like great form to you, call 
800-3CLARIS, ext. 500, for more 
details. And learn how you can 
turn a paper loss into a real gain. 


962-8946. Claris, SmartForm. SmartForm Designer and SmartForm Assistant are trademarks of Claris Corporation. Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer Inc For information in Canada, call 800-668-8948. 

system for your area of interest with data 
from a spreadsheet or database. Also lets 
you analyze data and create maps for re- 
ports, proposals, and presentations. 1MB 
min. memory. $99. MicroMaps Software, 

Roulette Master Combines game table and 
bet placement with animated wheel spin. 
You select initial stake of up to $100,000 
and chip value of up to $100 to make com- 
mon casino bets. 512K min. memory. $39. 
Centron Software, 407/241-1022. 

Space Quest 11 Sludge Vohaul unleashes 
the invasion of the insurance salespeople 
on planet Earth. You don the guise of Roger 
Wilco, sanitation engineer, along with your 
sanitary space mittens, to prepare for the 
onslaught that Vohaul has prepared. In- 
cludes 3-D graphics, multiple solutions, va- 
riety of scoring options, and optional joy- 
stick control. 512K min. memory. $49.95. 
Sierra On-Line, 209/683-4468. 

Tax Stacks HyperCard income tax prepara- 
tion program with computer-generated, 
IRS-approved forms and schedules you can 
print and return to the IRS. Displays only 

memory. $295. Farallon Computing, 

VideoWorks Professional Color animation 
software with color paint program, color 
palette control, and online help Creates an- 
imated charts and graphs, and slides with 
pop-up menus, radio buttons, and text 
fields. Animates borders and marquees; 
makes text shimmer, sparkle, or scroll. 1MB 
min. memory. $695; upgrade from Video- 
Works II $250. MacroMind, 312/871-0987. 

information you need to see based on your (contimies) 
responses to Tax Questionnaire. Tax jokes 
included. 1MB min. memory. $69.95. 

StackWorks, 217/328-5257. ‘ 

Timbuktu Remote Long-distance version of 
Timbuktu screen-sharing application for 
Macs over asynchronous lines. Operates at 
standard modem data rates. Chat window 
allows guest and host users to exchange 
messages. File transfer utility moves files 
from host to guest computer. 512KE min. 

Space Quest II 

VideoWorks Professional 

Macw'orld 283 

New Products 



The original AnthroCart. Mobile. 
Incredibly strong. So many ways to solve 
your space and equipment problems. 
Choose different sizes. Move 
shelves around. Add space saving 

AnthroCart. Well designed 
^ Technology Furniture. 

Look for our name. 


Call us for a free catalog: 800-325-384 1 

What’s Best Add-on to Excel version 1.5. 
Builds mathematical models within a 
spreadsheet to optimize resource alloca- 
tion in areas like finance, transportation, 
scheduling, manufacturing. Comes in three 
versions identical in function but different 
in variable capacity. 1MB min. memory; 
hard disk, Microsoft Excel 1.5, and Hyper- 
Card required. Personal $149; Professional 
$995; Industrial $1995. General Optimiza- 
tion, 800/441-2378. 


Colored Computer Bond Papers 24-pound 
paper in bright colors comes in 200-count 
pack of red, blue, green, yellow, or as- 
sorted; 20-pound pastel-colored paper 
available in 240-count pack. Bright pack 
$12.95; pastel pack $10.95. The Legacy 
Company, 413/737-4770. 

Colored Computer Bond Papers 

Foot Ease A 13-by-19-inch platform footrest 
for personal computer users. Carpet- 
covered and rotatable. Slope can be ad- 
justed with foot-operated lock/unlock 
lever. Grips floor. $49.95. Microcomputer 
Accessories, 213/301-9400. 

Made irt U.S.A. 

AH steel frame construction 
Easily holds up to 150 lbs. 



Technology Furniture' 

3221 N.W. Yeon St. 
Portland, OR 97210 
Telex; 940103 

AnthroCart and Technology Furniture are 
registered trademarks of Anthro 



When you need an Apple® Macintosh™ computer 
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Circle 195 on reader service card 

New Products 

MatHType 2.0 

Equations for Word Processing 

If you need an easy way to create technical reports, slides, class 
notes, research papers, or even entire books, then MathType is the 
tool you've been looking for. It's an intelligent equation editor for 
the Apple Macintosh or for IBM PCs and compatibles that lets you 
build up complex equations using simple point-and-click 
techniques ... 

Import the finished equation into your word-processing document, 
and get publication-quality results like this ... 


f . '] p 

MathType 2.0 has all the highly-acclaimed features of earlier 
versions, and some important new ones, too: 

• Automatically applies the rules of mathematical typesetting 

• Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), Piet, and TIFF output 

• Optional T£X, Mathematica, Excel, Lotus I ’2-3 interfaces 

• User-defined palettes and expression macros 

• Runs as a DA on the Mac, under MS Windows on the PC 

• Fractional type sizes and positioning to 1 132nd of a point 

• On-line context-sensitive Help system 

• Fast keyboard access to all symbols, templates, and expressions 

All this, and much more, and the price is still only $149. 

Call or write for a FREE brochure and working demo disk. 



6475-B East Pacific Coast Highway, Suite 392 
Long Beach, CA 90803 * (213)433-0685 

Circle 165 on reader service card 

HyperCard Script Language Guide: The 
Hypeflhlk Language Reference guide for 
HyperTalk through HyperCard version 1.2, 
written by Apple Computer. Describes vo- 
cabulary and syntax of the language, in- 
cludes sample scripts to demonstrate Hy- 
perTalk concepts. $22.95. Addison-Wesley 
Publishing Company, 617/944-3700. 

LabView Application Notes Series of techni- 
cal applications notes for LabView instru- 
mentation and analysis software system. 
Covers topics ranging from dataflow pro- 
gramming and arrays to block diagram- 
ming techniques and how to use specific 
instrument drivers. Free. National Instru- 
ments, 512/250-9119. 

MaclFac Trackball with three-button de- 
sign for left- or right-hand operation. Left 
and right buttons replace the single button 
on the Macintosh mouse. Center button ac- 
tivates cursor drag lock. Light indicates 
whether drag lock is on or off. $99. Micro- 
Speed, 415/490-1403. 


PageMaker Live PageMaker 3 0 training 
video. Comes with printed user guide and 
video counter index for use with video 
prompter on tape. Divided into three two- 
hour modules. Each module $99. Image 
Express, 714/938-1070. 

PhoneMactivator and TimeMactivator 

PhoneMactivator turns on Mac II via tele- 
phone when used with telephone re- 
sponder (a device to turn on and off power 
over the telephone). TimeMactivator Stand- 
alone, a battery-operated digital alarm 
clock, turns on the Mac at specified time. 


286 February 1989 

X) reasons why you 
should switch to 
New Turbo Mouse. 

7 Turbo Mouse offers a 
second mouse port. Turbo 
Mouse ADB offers a second 
ADB port. 

4 One button is for regular 
clicking, the other is a click 
lock. You choose which is which 

5 Advanced two-button design 
allows for either right or 
left-handed use! 

9 Turbo Mouse ADB, #62360, 
works with Mac SE, Mac II, 
or Apple Mgs. Turbo Mouse, 
#62358, works with Mac or Mac 
Plus. Both have a suggested 
retail of $169.95. 

6 Only 4" by 6", Turbo 
Mouse fits neatly beside 
any Macintosh® or Apple lies® 

I w Turbo Mouse dealer near 
^ou, just call 1-800-535-4242, 

I FIy across even the biggest 
screen with automatic 
acceleration. Turbo Mouse® 
senses the speed at which 
you're working and moves 
the cursor further when you 
move faster. 

2 No rolling room required. 

With the Turbo mouse ball 
on top, you move only the ball, 
not the whole mouse. 

3 Three times as 
precise as a 
New patented "opti 
levering" technology 
affers 200 CPI pin-point 

8 Perform one of seven 
functions — Save, Print, 
Open, Close, New, Quit, or 
Undo when you click both 
buttons at once. (Only in 
Turbo Mouse ADB.) 


Circle 1 92 on reader service card 

€> 1988 Ktnsinglon Microwore Ltd. 

See us atMacWorld Expo, Booth #528 


New Products 


2457 Perkiomen Ave., Reading, PA 19606, 215-779*0522 

Recess text and graphics mainframe appli- 
" cations from one easy-to-use program 

■ EMULATE industry standard text and graphics 
terminals, including the DEC VTIOO, DG D200, 
Tektronix 4014 and Tektronix 4105 ■ COMMUN- 
ICATE with a wide variety of mainframe computers 
or information services ■ TRANSFER files using 
popular protocols, including XModem, YModem 
and Kermit ■ BACKGROUND operation is 
supported under MultiFinder. 

developed by 

i Software 

data, analyze the data, and gen- 
scientific and business graphics 
from one easy-to-use program 

■ FLEXIBLE data import facilities ■ FAST operation 
(5 to 20 times faster than Cricket Graph^” version 1.2) 
■ LARGE data sets supported (32,000 data points per 
variable) including: curve fitting; log, 

linear, polar and probability plots; high-resolution 
printing ■ PROGRAMMABLE RPN Calculator and 
Algebraic Formula entry 

Circle 286 on reader service card 

’’Best New Education Program, 1987" 

-MacUser Magazine 

•Interactive staff notation 
• MIDI compatible • Saves scores 
•Teaches intervals, chords, melody, rhythm 
•Historical & computer-generated melodies 

$125.00 • Call Toll Free 800-445-4866, 

In CA: 800-445-8749 


BOX 40629, SANTA BARBARA, CA 93140 

When your surge protector fails will your in- 
surance save you? SAFEWARE* confiputer 
insurance covers power surges, lightning, 
theft, fire, accidental damage and more! Full 
replacement of hardware, media and pur- 
chased software for as little as $39 per year. 

Total Value, Hardware. 


Media & Purchased Software 


up to $2,000 

$ 39 

$ 2,001-$ 5,000 

$ 69 

$ 5,001-$ 8,000 

$ 89 

$ 8,001-$11,000 




For immediate coverage, information 
and rates on higher coverages, call 

r 1-800-848-3469 

Locally 614-262-0559 On CompuServe, GO SAF 

SAFEWARE , The Insurance Agency Inc. 
2929 N. High St.. P.O. Box 02211. Columbus. OH 43202 

Circle 369 on reader service card 

Circle 293 on reader service card 


Both plug into any Apple Desktop Bus port. 
PboneMactivator $100; TimeMactivator 
$45. The Mactivator Company, 

Pro-Tect Keyboard Protector 

Pro-Tect Keyboard Protector Transparent 
cover designed to remain in place during 
keyboard use. Fits keyboard contours. 
Manufactured for over 200 keyboard styles. 
$26.97. Pro-Tect Computer Products, 

WorkManager Line of modular, computer- 
workstation furniture. Lightweight struc- 
tural components made of steel-reinforced 
Resinite composite. Basic components are 
two workstation desks. Printer stand, cor- 
ner connector, CPU stand, privacy panel, 
and other accessories available. 48-inch- 
wide desk unit $279.95; 34-inch unit 
$224.95. Microcomputer Accessories, 
213/306-9400. □ 

To have your product considered for 
inclusion in New Products, send an an- 
nouncement with product name, de- 
scription, minimum memory, peripherals 
required, pricing, company name, and 
phone number to New Products Editor, 
Macworld, 56^7 Second St., San Francisco, 
CA 94107. We reserve the right to edit 

288 February 1989 

Leader of the Mac! 

The Experts Agree: 

FoxBASE +/Ma&s New Version LIO is the Ultimate 
Relational Database Management System for the Macintosh! 

Don Crabb, InfoWorld, July If 1988: 

“FoxBASE *+• /Mac proved to be as easy to use as any Mac 
relational database weVe tested.” 

Macworld, September, 1988: 

“FoxBASE -f /Mac deserves serious consideration as both a 
stand-alone database product and a connectivity solution.” 
Richard Skrinde, MacUser, September, 1988: 
“FoxBASE+/Mac is a racehorse that will outrun the other 
Macintosh databases.” 

Arthur Fuller, Computing Canada, June 9, 1988: 

“So phenomenally great that it justifies the purchase of a 
Macintosh just to run it!” 

Michael Masterson, MacWEEK, June 7, 1988: 

“FoxBASE + /Mac proves beyond a doubt that the Mac is a 
suitable platform for supporting fast database operations.” 
BYTE, September. 1988: 

“FoxBASE+/Mac combines dBASE compatibility with a 
strong list of features and a work environment with which 
Mac users will feel comfortable.” 

Charles Seiter,, Macworld, October, 1988: 

“It’s the fastest general purpose Mac database, often ten to 
a hundred times faster than its competitors.” 

FoxBASE+/Mac Version 1.10 includes everything you love 
about the original FoxBASE + /Mac PLUS a new form genera- 
tor, an outstanding application generator and a complete tem- 
plate language system —all designed to save you time and 
effort! Now you can develop complete database applications 
in just minutes! 

And now Fox Software introduces FoxBASE H- /Mac Multi-User, 
leading the industry with the ultimate in data sharing — 
concurrent data access! For the first time, networked Macs 
and PCs can simultaneously share the same data files!* In 
addition, FoxBASE + /Mac Multi-User supports an unlimited 
number of users on your network. 

Even with all these enhancements, Version 1.10 doesn’t cost 
any more — it’s still only $395! And our new Multi-User is 
just $595! 

FoxBASE + /Mac earned an exceptional 7.0 rating on 
InfoWorWs Software Review, and a 4.5 rating onMacUser's 
scale. It’s the one Mac database system that has it all! 

Join the experts NOW! Contact your local quality software 
dealer, or order your copy of FoxBASE + /Mac by calling 
(419) 874-0162, Ext. 650. Free demo package available. 

Why be a follower when you can go with the leader! 

Fox Software g 

Nothing Runs Like a Fox. 

* Requires a copy of FoxBASE +/LA.N, our PC multi-user software, on the network file server. 
FoxBASE -t- /Mac and FoxBASE -t- /Mac Multi-User are trademarks of Fox Software. dBASE is a trade- 
mark of Ashton-Thte. Macintosh is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. 

Fox Software (419) 874-0162, Ext. 650 

118 W South Boundary FAX; (419) 874-8678 
Perrysburg, OH 43551 TELEX: 6503040827 FOX 

Circle 152 on reader service card 

CDA Makes Macintosh" Affordable 

Compare and Save! 

Macintosh Plus Entry 

Corrq)lete System includes: 

• Macintosh Plus Computer w/ 

1 Megabyte of memory 
1 Internal 800 K Drive 
Keyboard. Mouse & Pad 

• Cutting Edge 800K Extemad Dr. 

• Apple ImageWriter II w/ Cable 

• HyperCard Software 

• Diskettes-Box of 10 

• Computer Paper- Pkg of 500 
Sugg, list $2760 CDA $ 2075 
Specify package #8910 

Macintosh Plus 20 

Same as above system with one 
internal 800K disk drive aind an 
External Everex 20 Meg. Hard Dr 
Sugg, list $ 3260 CDA $ 2399 
Specify package #8911 

Sane on Macintosh 
Systems — 

Custom-Built to 
Meet your Needs 

Input Devices 

Abaton ProPoint $ 89 

Apple Extended Keyboard $ 199 

Cuting Edge ADB Keyboard $ 135 

Data LJesk 101 Keyboard ABD 

w/MasterKeys Softweire $ 137 

Kensington Turbo Mouse ABD $ 108 


(prices Include required cable) 

Apple ImageWriter II $ 499 

Image II Shcetfeeder $ 189 

Apple ImageWriter LQ $1099 

Apple LaserWriter IISC $2249 

Apple LaserWriter IINT $3895 

Apple UserWriter IINTX $5495 

Apple Toner Cartridges $ 109 

GCfC Personel Laser Printer $1572 

GCC PS Laser Printer $3342 

HP Desk Jet $ 799 

QMSPS810 $5359 

Orcuige Micro 

Grappler C/MAC/GS (9 pin) $ 79 

Grappler LQ (24 pin) $ 99 

Grappler LS Serial Laser $ 89 


Apple 3.5 Disk Drive $ 349 

Cutting Edge 800K $ 179 

CMS ^hancements 
Compact SC30 (38ms) $ 587 

Compact SC45 (29ms) $ 789 

MacStack20 SD20 (65ms) $ 503 

MacStack30 SDU30 (38ms) $ 567 

MacStack45 SDU45 (29ms) $ 789 

Tape Stack 60 $ 732 

Internal PRO SE-30 (38ms) $ 479 

Internal PRO SE-45 (29ms) $ 649 

Internal PRO SE-65 (32ms) $ 839 

Internal PRO SE-80 (19ms) $1099 


EMAC 20 Deluxe (38ms) $ 549 

EMAC 40 Deluxe (28ms) $ 799 

EMAC 60 Deluxe (29ms) $ 999 

EMAC 80 Deluxe ( 1 9/ 1 2ms) $ 1 279 

EMAC 40/60 DTL $ 1698 

EMAC 60/60 DTL $ 1 839 

EMAC 20D (38ms) $ 499 

EMAC 40D (28ms) $ 649 

EMAC 40 Impact (28ms) $ 769 

EMAC 40+ Impact (19/ 12ms) $ 799 

EMAC 60 Impact $ 969 

EMAC 80 Impact (19/1 2ms) $ 1 249 

EMAC 60 TL 60 Meg Tape $ 786 

Everex Internal Hard Drives 
EMAC 201D (Mac II) or 20SE $ 449 

EMAC 401D (Mac II) or 40SE $ 689 

EMAC 601D (Mac II) or 60SE $ 889 

EMAC 801D (Mac II) or 80SE $ 1 1 49 

Macintosh SE Super 

Complete System Includes: 

• Macintosh SE Computer w/ 

2 Internal 800K Drives 
1 Megabyte of Memory 
Keyboard and Mouse 

• ImageWriter II Printer 

• ImageWriter cable 

• HyperCard Software 

• Diskettes-Box of 10 

• Computer Paper-Pkg of 500 

• Dust Cover for Macintosh SE 

• Dust Cover for ImageWriter II 

• Mouse Pad 

Sugg, list $3980 CDA $ 3099 
Specify package #8970 

Macintosh SE/20 Super 

System ! 

Same as the above system except 
includes one BOOK floppy drive 
and an Apple 20 Megab^e 
internal hard drive. 

Sugg, list $ 4469 CDA $ 3599 
Specify package #8971 
Save over $870 

Rodime Drives 
Plus External Series 20 thru 
140 Megal^es Please Call 

RX Internal Series 20 thru 
140 Megabytes Please Call 

A pple Hardware 

Macintosh Plus $1399 

Macintosh SE-Keyboard $2595 

Macintosh SE/20-Keyboard $3149 
Macintosh SE 40/4-Keyboard $4199 
Macintosh II w/Extd. Keyboard $3999 
Mac 11/40 w Extd. Keyboard $4999 
Mac II 40/4 w E^td. Keyboard $6499 
Mac IIx w/Extd. Keyboard $6399 

Mac IIx 80/4 w Extd. Keyboard $7699 


Apple Mac II Monochr. Monitor $ 329 
Apple Mac II RGB Monitor $ 799 
Sony CPD 1303 RGB $ 675 

E-Machines T16 $2779 

E-Machines C20 $4295 

Magnavox RGB w Tilt/Swivel $ 599 

RasterOps 1 9 " Color Tllnitron $3095 

RasterOpsColor 108 Board $1149 

RasterOps Color 104 Board $3429 

Sigma LaserVIew SE $ 1 799 

Sigma LaserVIew II w/VIdco Bd. $1799 
Sigma PageVlew SE $1575 

SilverView 256 GreyScale $2399 

Radius FullPage Plus. SE $1349 

Radius FullPage Mac II $ 1 4 1 9 

Radius Two Page Display SE. II $1949 


Abaton Interfax Modem $ 345 

AppleFax Modem $ 595 

Epic Internal 2400 $ 319 

Practical 1200 Mini $ 85 

Practical 1200SA $ 109 

Practical 2400SA $ 185 

Practical 2400SA with cable 
and Microphone Software $ 225 

Shiva Netmodem V2400 $ 449 


^ple Flatbed Scanner $1499 

Tnunderscan 4.0 $ 195 

IBM in your Macintosh 

Apple 5.25 Drive $ 329 

AST Mac 86 (Mac SE) $ 479 

AST Mac 286 (Mac II) $ 1 099 

DaynaFlle MS-DOS Drives Call 

Memory /Speed Upgrades 

1 Megabyte Upgrade (Mac II) $ 399 

2 Megabyte Upgrade 

(MacSEorRus) $ 675 

4 Megabyte Upgrade 

(Mac SE. Plus or Mac II) $1350 

Macintosh SE/45 
Performance System 

Saime as the SE/20 Super 
System except includes two 800K 
flcmpy drives and an 45 Meg. 
(29ms) internal hard drive. 

Sugg list $5055 CDA $ 3799 
Specify package #8945 

Macintosh n/40 Color 

System ^ 

Complete system includes: 

• Macintosh II Computer w/ 

40 Megabyte Apple Haird Drive 
1 Megabyte Of Memory 
Ext. Keyboard and Mouse 

• Macintosh II Video Card 

• Apple High Res. RGB Monitor 

• ImageWriter II with cable 

• HyperCsu-d Software 

• Diskettes-Box of 10 

• Case of Paper- 11 00 Sheets 

• Dust Covers for the Mac II/ 
Monitor & Extended Keyboard 

• Mouse Pad 

Sugg, list $8637 CE 

Specify package #8960 

Dove Tool Kit for opening 
Mac 512/Plus/SE $ 24 

Dove MacSnap 2SE $ 435 

MacSnap Plus2 (Mac Plus) $ 435 

Dove SE Accelerator $ 579 

Radius 25 Accelerator $1375 

Surge Protectors 

Electronic Protection 

EC-I (6 Outlet) $ 29 

EC-II (6 OuUet On/OfI) $ 45 


System Saver Mac Plus $ 69 

System Saver SE $ 59 

Masterpiece Mac II $ 99 

Macintosh n/80 Color 

Seune as the Mac 11/40 color 
system but includes the 80 Meg. 
Apple h8U"d drive. 

Sugg, list $9436 CDA $ 7 195 
Specify package #8961 
Save Over $2200 

Macintosh n 40/4 Color 

Same as above system but 
includes the 40 megabyte Apple 
hard drive and 4 megabytes of 
RAM Memory. 

Sugg, list $10,537 CDA $8095 
Specify package #8963 

Save over $2400 

Check for our monthly 
specials on CompuServe's 
electronic mall. — 



Apple MIDI Interface $ 82 

Bose Roomate II Speakers $ 229 

Passport MIDI Interface $ 99 


ADB Cable 7ft - Extra Long $ 25 

Anti-Glare Filter for Plus/SE $ 33 

Super-Base for PIus/SE $ 34 

Mac II Monitor Extension $ 35 

Call today for our low 
prices on over 900 popular 
software titles for the 

Apple Macintosh. 

Wji% ^ fOT CPA:il.grgg..Cftt i aQg 

A complete line of Hardware. Software and Accessories 

30-Dav Cttstomer Sstlsfsction Period 

At CDA customer satisfaction is our goal. If you’re not 100% satisfied or 
£u*e unsure of your purchase, you can take advantage of our 30-day 
customer satisfaction period. Simply return purchased goods within 30 
days of receipt, (software, media, internal components excluded) for a quick, 
courteous refund (freight excluded). 

Service and r 

CDA offers a full 90 day warranty. After the 30-day satisfaction period we 
offer free repair services for an additional 60 days. We provide trained 
service technicians and a speedy turn around time for your convenience. 

We welcome you to continue your service and malntenence with us in our 
excellent in-house service center. Our friendly tech support team will be 
happy to help you Mon-Frl..9am-4pm EST. at (201) 832-5004 

Our PoUclea 

Shipping Charges - UPS Ground Shipping, add 3% ($3.50 min): 

UPS Blue 2-day service and APO/FPO Shipping, add 8% ($8.50 min); 

Alaska. Hawaii. PR, add 6% ($6.50 min). 

Foreign Orders - ship via DHL. Please call or fax for rates and more info. 
Payment via Visa. MC. Amex. Discover. Optima welcome. Amex add 2% of 
order. Cashier Checks and Money orders ship promptly; personal checks 
are held 10 days for clearing. NO COD’s please. 

Leasing now available to qualified businesses. 

All Prices Subject to Change. Apple. Macintosh. Ifyp)erCard. ImageWriter & 
LaserWriter are registered trademarks and AppleFax is a trademark of Apple 

Computer Inc. ^ Computer Sales 1 CDA Plaza 

Rt 513 Callfon, NJ 07830 

Hours: Mon-Frl 9am- 10pm EST Sat. 9am-5pm 
Customer Service (201) 832-9007 
Fax# (201) 832-9740 
CompuServe's Electronic Mall- GO CDA 

^riter are registered tr; 
ter Inc. 

computer sales 

us/Canada 800-526-5313 
NJ/Outside US 201-832-9004 

Circle 32 on reader service card 


Vo is list bnngs you the highlights 
of software updates recently 
tvceived but not yet tested. Voe 
first price is the upgrade cost for 
yegistered owners; the secoyid is 
the current list price. 

Canvas version 2.0 converts bit- 
mapped graphics to line art with 
Auto Trace feature, draws un- 
limited multipoint bezier curves 
and smooth polygons, has capac- 
ity for unlimited layers, a choice 
of 16.7 million colors, gray scales 
in 1 -degree increments, hairlines 
as small as Viooo inch and a zoom 
capacity ranging from 3 percent 
to 3200 percent of the original 
image. Deneba Software, 7855 
N.W. 12th St., #202, Miami, FL 
33126; 305/594-6965, 800/622- 
6827. Free; $299-95 new. 

Financial Analysis version 4.0 com- 
bines the applications of version 
3-0 with all the models formerly 
sold under the title Residential 
Real Estate. New features include 
amonization schedules for loans 
paid on a biweekly basis, a 
financial calculator, financial 
ratios, lease-versus-buy feature, 
and statistical estimates on the 
value of a home. RealData, 78 
N. Main St., South Norwalk, CT 
06854; 203/255-2732. $30 for 
registered owners of earlier 
versions of either Financial 
Analysis or Residential Real 
Estate, $5 for registered owners 
of both; $195 new. 

FontShare version 1.1 stores all 
typefaces in one area so users 
can share downloadable fonts 
on a network. Compatible with 
Apple’s latest System and Finder, 
PageMaker 3-0, and spoolers. 
Olduvai Corporation, 7520 Red 
Rd., Ste. A, South Miami, FL 
33143; 305/665-4665. Free; 

$295 new. 

Hellenic Keyboard version 2.0 
remaps the keyboard, adding 
11 diacritical keys, and allow- 
ing access to the 256 extended 
characters. When you use it with 
a Hellenic font, you can produce 
any letter/accent combination in 
the Greek language. Works with 
System 4.1 or later versions, and 
Finder 5.5 or later. Metasoft, P.O. 
Box 482, Osseo, MN 55369; 612/ 
559-4927. $5 with serial number 
from original master disk; 

$45 new. 

HFS Backup version 3.0 lets single or 
multiple users logged on to an 
AppleShare network archive data. 
The program also restores Apple- 
Share user privileges. Archives 
any mountable volume, includ- 
ing other hard disks, WORM 
drives, and desktop-accessible 
tape drives. Stores data in HFS 
Backup or Finder format, in- 
cluding files larger than 800K. 

Can overwrite old files to save 
space, and will do incremental 
backups. Personal Computer 
Peripherals Corp., 4710 Eisen- 
how^er Blvd., Bldg. A4, Tampa, 

FL 33634; 800/622-2888. $35; 

$99 new. 

ImageStudio version 1.5 has a virtual 
memory^ management system that 
lets images larger than the avail- 
able memory be opened and 
worked on transparently. Lets 
you specify the amount of RAM 
that a particular ImageStudio file 
should use, as well as the amount 
of memory that can be used for 
Undo. Lets you back up a large 
file to several disks and recon- 
struct the file on another system. 
Letraset USA, 40 Eisenhower Dr,, 
Paramus, NJ 07653; 201/845-6100. 
Free; $495 new. 

MacEnvclopc version 4.0 creates 
and saves layouts, and is compat- 
ible with MacEnvelope version 
3.0. Does zip code plus 4-digit 
bar coding, has OCR font, color, 
message fields, and graphics, and 
saves addresses to disk. Will do 
bulk printing and alphabetize or 
sort by zip code. Imports and 
exports lists, and prints in any 
fonts available on the system. 
Synex, 692 Tenth St., Brooklyn, 
NY 11215-4502; 718/499-6293. 

$25 with original disk if pur- 
chased before August 1988, $5 
with original disk if purchased 
after August 1988; $89.95 new. 


Macworld 291 

Register for MACWORLD Expo/M^hington conference 
sessions by March 24. And save $15, by George. 

This is your chance to pre-register for MACWORLD Expo/Washington, D.C., April 26-28, 1989, at the Washington, D.C. 
Convention Center. Please choose your package and fill out this form completely. Incomplete forms will be returned. 

Use one form per person. And make photocopies to register additional people. Then send the completed form(s) 
along with your payment to: MACWORLD Expo, P.O. Box 67, We.stwood, MA 02090. Registration coupons must be 
received by March 24. And registration fees are non-refundable. For further information, call Mitch Hall Associates at 
617-326-9955. U.S. and Canadian attendees will be mailed their badges on or around April 5. All other badges will be 
held at the Pre-registration Counter at the Washington, D.C. Convention Center for pick up beginning Tuesday, April 25, 
1989. Registration coupons received after March 24 will be returned to you. 

Please register me for: 

□ Package One $65 Conference □ Package Two $20 Admission to □ Please rush me detailed informa- 

sessions * and exhibits. Pre-register exhibits only. Pre-register by tion fincluding pricing) about the 

by March 24. $80 at door. March 24. Mac Masters Series. 

Please send my badge and further information to: 

Please check one: □ Home Address □ Company Address 

Last Name 

First Name 

Mailing Address 
City, State, Zip 

If mailing to company address: 

Title L.l ■ . I _ 

Company I— I ,1 — 

□ Check enclosed (make payable to MACWORLD Exposition) Amount $. 

□ MasterCard □ Visa □ American Express Amount: $ 

Account Number I I I I I I I I I I I- I 1 I I I I 

(Include ail numbers) 

Expiration Date 

Cardholder Signature 

(Signature necessary to be valid.) 

If cardholder is other than registrant, please print name below: 

Last Name 

First Name 

Cash only at the door. After March 24, you must register at the show. 

Please check the appropriate boxes: 

Your industry or profession 

Your title 

a. □ Manufacturer 

k. □ CEO/president/ 


vice president 

b. □ Manufacturer (computer 

1. n Comptroller 


m. □ DP/MIS manager 

c. □ Distributor/dealer/ 

n. □ Owner/Partner 


0 . □ Engineer 

d. □ Finance/insurance/real 

p. n Doctor/lawyer/ 



e. □ Professional 

q. □ Educator 


r. □ Consultant 

f. □ Communications/ 

s. n Marketing 


t. □ Sales 

g. □ Education 

u. □ Other (Specify) — 

h. □ Government 

i. □ Consultant 

j. □ Other (specify) 

Size of your organization 

ff, □ Apple 11 + 

(number of employees 

gg. □ Apple He 


hh. □ Apple lie 

V. □ Under 50 

ii. □ Apple III 

w. □ 50-99 

jj. □ Apple II GS 

X. □ 100-499 

kk. n None 

y. □ 500-999 

z. □ 1,000-5,000 

11. □ Other (specify) 

aa. □ Over 5,000 

Where will you be staying 

Which personal computer(s) 

while at MACWORLD 

do you own/or use? 

Expo/Wishington, D.C.? 

bb. □ Macintosh 

mm. □ Home 

cc. □ Macintosh Plus 

nn, □ With friends 

dd. n Macintosh SE 
ee. □ Macintosh 11 

oo. □ Hotel (specify) 
pp. □ Other (specify) 

All conference sessions are on a first-come, first-served basis with no guaranteed sealing. 

Please fill out this form completely and send it. along with yotir citeck or money order to; MACWX)Rl.D Hxpo. PO. box 67, Westwood. MA 02090. 


Here’s a 
sound busi- 
ness deal for 
anyone who 
appreciates the value of a dollar. 

Register by March 24 for the first-ever 
MACWORLD Expo/W^hington D.C.— 
April 26. 27, and 28— and save $15. 

That means you pay just $65, 
instead of $80 at the door, for three-day 
admission to the original Macintosh 
computer show at the Washington, 

D.C. Convention Center. This one low 
fee allows you to attend all conference 
sessions* and visit all exhibits. 

Meet and talk 
with more than 
300 exhibitors 
spread over 
200,000 square feet of space. And take 
part in dynamic seminars and work- 
shops run by the biggest names in the 
Macintosh industry, people like John 
Sculley, Bill Atkinson, and Jerry Bor- 
rell. Plus you’ll hear from the gurus of 
the Macintosh in the federal govern- 
ment, C. Lloyd Mahaffey, Dave Lavery, 
and Steven Woit. 

There’s something for everyone 
In business or 

It doesn’t mat- 
ter whether you 
use a Mac to run a private business 
or manage an agency of the federal 
government. In three days, under one 
roof, you’ll gather more useful informa- 
tion than you could in weeks of running 
around to computer stores. 

MACWORLD Expo/Washington 
is a hands-on, do-it-yourself show. 

You can create 
quality presenta- 
tion visuals— on 
the spot. Compose newsletters, reports, 
brochures, and ads. Send or receive 
messages from Mac to Mac, or Mac to 
PC, or Mac to DEC. Witness the power 
of HyperCard. Try your hand at anima- 
tion or graphics. And much more. 

There’s literally something for every 
Macintosh user— from novice to aficio- 
nado-including special sessions for 
educators, engineers, attorneys, health- 
care professionals, real estate agents, 
bankers and financial managers, 
home office, 
corporate and 

New to 
Expo: The 
Mac Masters 
Series of Private Executive 

MACWORLD ExpoAVashington 
will feature a series of private, limited- 
attendance, no-nonsense seminars on 
the subjects executive users want to 
hear about most— networking, spread- 
sheets, data- 
bases, desktop 
publishing and 
HyperCard, telecommunications 
and more. 

Each practical, in-depth seminar 
gives you the rare opportunity to learn 
directly from Macintosh masters. Pick 
up pointers and shortcuts you can put 
to work right away. And get the straight 
story on major applications and ven- 
dors in your 
subject area. 

If you would 
like to know 
more about the Mac Masters Series, 
please check the appropriate box on 
the attached reply form. Or call 214- 
554-0111. We’ll send you an informa- 
tion package, including pricing, 

Save on airfare and hotels. 

Airlines is offer- 
ing special air- 
fares to attendees 
of MACWORLD Expo/Washington. 
Simply call 1-800-433-1790 and ask for 
STAR File # S16676. You’ll automati- 
cally receive a discount. 

MACWORLD Expo/Washington 
has also arranged for special rates at 
a variety of hotels in area code 202: 
Comfort Inn Downtown, 289-5959; JW 
Marriott, 393- 
2000; Grand 
Hyatt Washing- 
ton, 582-1234; 
Hyatt Regency, 737-1234; Quality Inn, 
638-1616; Ritz Carlton. 293-2100; The 
Bellevue Hotel, 1-800-327-6667; Holi- 
day Inn-The Governor’s HS., 296-2100; 
The Mayflower, 347-3000; Hotel Wash- 
ington, 638-5900; Holiday Inn-Thomas 
Circle, 737-1200; One Washington 

Circle. 872-1680; 
Vista Interna- 
tional, 429-1700; 
Embassy Square 

Hotel, 659-9000; Wash- 
ington Marriott, 872-1500 
Washington Plaza Hotel, 

1300; The Henley Park 
638-5200; Days Inn Down- 
town, 842-1020. Call soon to 
ensure reservations. 

Avoid long lines and save. 

Register for MACWORLD Expo/ 
Washington conference sessions* 

before March 24 
and save $15. 
Simply fill out 
the attached 
registration form and mail it with your 
check or money order for $65 (or 
supply credit card information) to the 
address on the form. After March 24, 
the cost is $80 and you must register 
on-site. Registrations received after 
March 24 will be returned. 

If you want to attend the exhibits 
only, admission is $20. And if you’re a 
student, the pre-registration cost is just 
$15. But you 
must send us a 
copy of your 
student I.D. with 
your registration form to qualify. We 
encourage you to register now and 
avoid long lines at the door. 

If the registration form is missing 
from this ad, please call Mitch Hall 
Associates at 617-326-9955. We’ll be 
happy to send you one. 

Don’t miss this opportunity to 
attend the first-ever MACWORLD 

And save fifteen 

Ti; MACWORLD "x j 


April 26-28, 1989 

’All conference sessions arc on a firsl-come, first*served basis with no 
({uaranteed seating. 

MACWORLD Elxposition is prtxiuced by World Expo Corp.. and 
managed by Mitch Hall Associates. MACWDRLO Exposition is a 
registered trademark of World Expo Corp., Inc. 

MACWORLD Exposition is the original Macintosh computer show. It's 
sponsored by .MACWORLD, the Macintosh’* Magaziite. a member of 
the IDGCommunicatioiu/Inc. family MACWORLD Exposition is 
independent trade show not affiliated with Apple Computer. Inc. 
APPLE and the APPLE LOGO are registered trademarks and 
MAC. ktAONlOSfl. and MAC'WORLD are trademarks of 
Apple Computer. Inc 






UP . 


■ Mac II application for image capture, 
enhancement and analysis with either 
frame grab or PICT and TIFF image files. 

■ Feature extraction, gray scale, edge, 
vectors, area, convolution and 
morphology are a few techniques. 

■ Distance and location measurements in 
REAL WORLD units. 

■ Three levels of user Interface: 

1. Click and drag for over 70 image 
analysis and measurement tools. 
Interactive and automatic sequencing. 

2. MacRAIL'“ Developers Kit- 

An interpretive language to add your 
own algorithm or access our extensive 
imaging library. Easy interface to Apple 
graphical presentation format. 

3. C Libraries - For the professional 
Imaging programmer. 

Introduce concepts and terminology in a hands-on 
clinic. Participants will set up and implement 
practical applications using a menu driven 
package. $1,100 / student; 3 days 



Call for our Technical Summary Package 

1000 Tech Park Drive, Billerica, MA 01821 

Circle 428 on reader service card 

lions, and copies style informa- 
tion for text passed between 
documents via the Clipboard. 
Aldus Corp., 411 First Ave. S, 
#200, Seattle, \VA 98104; 206/622- 
5500. $75 plus $15 s/h if pur- 
chased before November 2, 1987; 
free if purchased after; $595 new. 

MiniDraw version 2.0 draws text in 
point sizes of 1 to 127, rotates 
text in 90 degree increments, and 
rotates lines, rectangles, and 
polygons at any angle. Program 
reduces and enlarges from 3 
percent to 1600 percent and 
offers B-spline polygon smooth- 
ing, and polygon editing. Has 
color objects and online help. 
Software for Recognition Tech- 
nologies, 55 Academy Dr., 
Rochester, NY 14623; 716/359- 
3024. $15 plus $2 s/h; $44.95 

Oniinis 3 Plus/Express version 3 3 
executes most sequences two to 
three times faster. Supports color 
reports. Page Preview, new style 
characters, horizontal and vertical 
scrolling, and disk-based reports. 
Supports AFP and EtherTalk, and 
is MultiFinder compatible. Stores 
16MB libraries, and 60 files in 
the Data File. Executes routines 
written in C, Pascal, or other 
languages that produce code 
resources. Has built-in support 
for Apple’s CL/1 language. Blyth 
Software, 1065 E. Hillsdale Blvd., 
#300, Foster City, CA 94404; 415/ 
571-0222. $225 for single-to- 
multiuser upgrade; call company 
for details on pricing scale if 
buying new. 

PageMaker version 3.01 no longer 
misnames TIFF files transferred 
from the PC to the Mac. Works 
with System 6.0’s enhanced font 
support and is compatible with 
MacDraw II capabilities, includ- 
ing rotated text and graphics, 
dashed lines, and additional line 
widths. Performs full screen 
redraw's after print job cancella- 

Perfectstudy version 2.0 links files so 
that study questions are asked in 
random order as opposed to 
sequentially. Provides window's 
to revise files and offers the 
ability to append a file. Works 
with all Mac-compatible printers. 
Powerware Systems, 755 N. 100 
W, Orem, UT 84057; 801/224- 
5058. Free; $79-95 new. 

Stepping Out II version 2.01 fixes 
the problems that version 2.0 had 
with a small number of programs, 
especially in the feature that 
allows the virtual big screen to be 
turned on and off at any time. A 
demo version is free to dealers. 
Others can get it free via bulletin 
board, or for $2 by mail. Berkeley 
System Design, Inc., 1700 Shat- 
tuck Ave., Berkeley, CA 94709; 
415/540-5535. Free with original 
disk; $95 new. □ 

To have products listed m this 
section, send upgraded software, 
an outline of major changes 
since the previous release, up- 
grade price, suggested retail 
price, company name, mailing 
address, and phone number to 
Updates, Macworld, 501 Second 
St., San Francisco, C4 94107. 

294 Februaw 1989 

“Me and Tempo II - 
Together, we’re deadline busters!” 

Tm always working under deadline. 
But with the help of my Mac and 
Tempo Iir I get a lot more work done 
in a lot less time. 

1 just record any repetitive work 
once with Tempo II, then I can play it 
all back as a single command. And 
that’s a macro! 

Zap, you’re Zapfed 

For example, I’ve got a huge of list of 
fonts in a long hierarchical menu, but 
a single keystroke selects Zapf from it. 
I select a line, hit a key, it’s Zapf. 
Pow, it’s greeked 
When I need some text to greek in, a 
keystroke plays an Autopaste macro 
that simply pops in my text. It looks 
good and works fast! 

Another example? This odd-sized 
page layout I’m constantly creating. A 

Tempo II macro simply sets it up for 
me-uneven columns, different page 
size, none of my usual defaults. One 

1 keystroke = 375 steps 

Some Jobs are the same thing every 
week. Like updating a sales map. 
Tempo II grabs a text file of numbers 
and pastes each one into its spot on 
the map. Altogether, that’s more than 
375 steps. But for me it’s one key- 

Now that’s productivity! 

My Mac works, I create 

Tempo II can’t have my ideas for me. 
But it can free me from the drudgery, 
speed up the boring parts, and give me 
more time for the fun stuff. 

That’s how Tempo II and I never 
miss a deadline. Well, hardly ever. 

Automate your work! 

Simple to use, yet powerful. Tempo II records as 
you work, so you may replay any number of steps 
as a single command. Even between applications! 
A few features that speed your work: 

♦ Play macros by name or by key code. 

♦ Enter times to repeat "on the fly." 

♦ Transfer between files or applications. 

♦ Return cursor after play. 

♦ “Smart" menu and file selection, window 
handling, button clicks and more. 

♦ Branch, repeat, pause, conditional statements, 
Real Time . and many more fantastic options. 

90-day money-back guarantee. Call us today at 
800-367-6771 for the name of a dealer near you. 

Affinity Microsystems Ltd. 

1050 Walnut St. Suite 425 
Boulder, CO 80302 


Graphic courtesy Hewieii Packard Corporation Zapf is a registered trademark o( ITC Adobe Illustrator 88 Ot987.88 Adobe Systerrs Inc. Ot988 Affinity Microsystems Ltd All rights reserved 

Users Unite! 

This year Macintosh users 
like you came together on 
GEnie™ to get their MAC 
questions answered by 
experts, their MAC games 
won, their MAC systems 
updated and their online 
MAC opinions confirmed, 
researched, and applauded 

2,019,096 times. 


For the people, 
by the people. 

You've never been a follower. You want 
your voice heard. You want straight, unbiased 
information about your hardware and software. 
You want independent news. Opinions. 

And control. 

GEnie understands. In the MAC RoundTable 
on GEnie, the people determine what is dis- 
cussed. And since GEnie is not a hardware 
or software developer, you'll get the most 
objective information about what's new on the 
market. That's why smart MAC users like 
yourself turned to us over 2 million times this 
year. That's why you should too. 

GEnie makes sure you have access to all 
kinds of great MAC software-including thou- 
sands of games, education and business pro- 
ductivity programs as well as hard-working 
utilities to expand your MAC. And the experts 
you trust will be online when you log on. Plus 
news, shopping, travel and reference data. 

All for only a minute . 

Sign-up is just $29.95, and your first 2 
hours are free!* There are no hidden charges or 
monthly minimums. Now it's your call. 

Here's how eesy it is to sign-up 
from your keyboerd now. 

I Have your major credit card or checking 
1 • account number ready. 

n Set your modem for local echo (half- 
L, duplex)-300 or 1200 baud. 

« Dial 1-800-638-8369. When con- 
u. nected, enter HHH 

- At the U#=prompt enter 

4 . XJM11713 .GEnie then RETURN. 

Need help or more information? No modem 
yet? We can help. In the U.S. or Canada call 
1-800-638-9636. Join the online Revolu- 
tion and let your voice be heard. 

Wb bring good things to life. 

Join the Revolution. 

* Basic rates and services in effect 9/88 apply in U.S. only. 
Non-prime time rates apply Mon.-Fri. 6PM- 8AM local time and 
all day Sat.. Sun., and nat‘1. holidays. Subject to service availability. 
Some services offered on GEnie may include additional charges. 
*S10 credit applies. Offer good for 30 days from sign-up. 

Circle 427 on reader service card 

01988 General Electric Company. U.S.A. 

1988 Annual 

by Erfert Fenton 

This index covers the 12 issues of Mac- 
world published during 1988. It lists 
most products alphabetically as well as 
under appropriate subject headings. For 
example, Stufflt appears under its own 
name and under Data Compression, File 
Compression, and Utilities. Boldface 
page numbers indicate a major refer- 
ence, for example, an item that is being 
reviewed or featured. 

AAIS Prolog, Oct 132 
Aatrix Payroll, Feb 307, Jul 262, Sep 167 
Abaton ScanSOO serles,/an 111 
Abaton 12/48 Fax Modem, May 10 
Accelerator boards, Feb 137, Sep 123 
DoubleTime-l6, Sep 230 
HyperCharger 020, Feb 137 
Macintosh Plus, Aug 96 
Radius, Feb 137, Aug 96, Oct 184 
68050, Jul 85 
SpeedCard, Sep 230 
Accountant Inc., Sep 167, 393 
Accounting, Sep 167, Dec 188 

Aatrix Payroll, Feb 307, Jul 262, Sep 167 
Accountant Inc., Sep 167, 393 
Assistant Controller Accounting Series, Sep 167 
Back to Basics Professional Accounting, 

Sep 167, Dec 267 

BPI Entry Series Accounting Computer, 

Sep 167 

Business Sense, /ii/ 141, Sep 167 
Checkmark MultiLedger, Sep 167 
Dollars & Sense, Sep 393 
Flexware, Sep 167 

Great Plains Accounting Series, Sep 167 
In-House Accountant Inc., Sep 167 

Insight Accounting Series, Sep 167 

Insight Expert Inventory, Dec 188 

Insight Expert Time Billing, Dec 188 

Insight OneWrite, Sep 167 

MacNail, Nov 296 

MultiLedger, /MW 154, Oct 272 

Multiuser Desktop Accounting, Sep 167 

overview, Sep 167 

Payroll Bridge, Sep 167 

Plains & Simple OneWrite, Sep 167, 394 

P-O-S/Mac, Mar 29 

Quicken, Sep 236 

Rags to Riches Accounting Series, Sep 167 
SBT Database Accounting Library, Sep 167 
Simply Accounting, Sep 167, Oct 180 
WOS Fund Accounting, Sep 167 
Acknowledge, Jun 99, Dec 140 
Acoustics, simulation, Jan 95 
Acta, Jan 247, Sep 161 
Actinet n board, Sep 20 
Ad/Art/Plus, Oct 124 
ADB devices, Apr 47, Aug 57 
ADBridge, Aug 57 
Mac-101 ADB keyboard, Feb 40 
Turbo Mouse ADB, Sep 13, 396 
Address, Mar 119 

Address Directory, dialing from, Apr 204 
ADIC APL-40T tape drive, Nov 136 
ADIC APL-800WD drive, Nov 136 
Adobe Collector’s Edition, Oct 124 
Adobe Illustrator, /art 138, 219, Sep 393- See 
also Adobe Illustrator 88 

copying EPS art to Clipboard, Dec 231 
copying image to Scrapbook, Feb 197 
invisible notes , 193 
type effects, Oct 222 
Adobe Illustrator 88, Feb 125, Oct 154 
Adobe Publishing Packs, May 12 
AEC Information Manager, May 1 72, 239 
AfflniFile,7MW 159, Sep I6l 


Agnos, Art, book published with Mac, Mar 1 7 
Agricultural management, Jan 29, Jul 26 
AI. Artificial intelligence 
AIDS (educational), Jun 107 
Alarm Clock, Sep 161 
Alchemy, Nov 293 
Aldus FreeHand, Feb 131, Jul 134 
AlisaTalk, Mar 140 
Allegro Common LISP, Oct 132 
Alphabet for Adults, Nov 112 
Alpha Micro Videotrax tape drive, Nov 136 
American Association for Artificial Intelli- 
gence show, Nov 81 
American Discovery,/Mn 158 
Analog board failure, Jan 125 
Analyze, Apr 188 
Anatool, Dec 267 
Anderson, Harry, Jan 89 
Animation, Sep 142 
Aegis, Aug 55 

Animation Tool Kit, May 115 
Dimensions Animations,' Sep 142 
Dumbo, Sep 16 
HyperAnimator, Nov 77 
HyperCard, May 1'2 
MaaMovies, Sep 142 
Pencil Test, Oct 93* 

Photon Video/Cell Animator, Sep 131 
RenderWo^, Nov 69 ’ 

3D Works, Vot/ 69 
VideoWorks, Sep 142 
VideoWofks H HyperCard Driver, May 12 
AnyGraph/AnyText, Aug 117 
Apache Strike,/MW 169, Dec 121 
APDA, Apr 34, Aug'22, Dec 24 
APL-40T tape drive, Nov 136 

( continues) 

Mac-world 297 

Macworld 1988 Annual Index 

A+ optical mouse, Aug 57 
AppleCD SC drive, Nov 152 
AppleColor High-Resolution RGB monitor, 
Aug 89 

Apple Engineering/Scientific Solutions Guide, 

Aug 10 

AppleFax modem, Oct 13 

Apple File Exchange, Feb 204, Jul 215, Sep 36 

Apple HD20SC, Dec 127 

Apple High-Resolution Monochrome 

monitor. May 130 

AppleLink-Personal Edition, Aug 9 

Apple Memory Expansion Kits, Feb 137, 

Mar 136 

Apple-Microsoft/H-P lawsuit, ///;/ 10, 15, Jul 9, 
Sep 135 

Apple MIDI Interface, Aug 139 

Apple PC 5.25 Drive, Feb 204, Jul 215 

Apple Personal Modem, price reduction, Aug 9 

AppleScanner, Nov 69 

AppleShare, Mar 140 

File Server, new version, Sep 13 
GigaCell, 105 
VC Jan 128, May 10 
Print Server, new version, Sep 13 
AppleTalk, 128, May 158 
Apple Tape Backup 40 SC Jun 167, Nov 136 
Appointment diaries. Mar 184, Sep I6l 
Architectural applications 
Archicad, Dec 108 
BackSpan, Sop 396 

MacArchitrion, Sep 16, Oct 87, Dec 108 
MacPerspective, Dec 108 
ModelShop, Dec 108 
Planit kitchen design, Jun 101 
SimpleSpan, Sep 396 
Arkanoid, Dec 121 

ART (Automated Reasoning Tool), Aug 10 
Art Department, /I Mg 131 
ArtDisks, Oct 124 

Artificial intelligence. See also Expert systems 
AI on the Macintosh, Sep 133 
American Asscxriation for Artificial Intelligence 
show, Nov 81 

ART (Automated Reasoning Tool), Aug 10 

IntelliCard, Nov 81 

Levels, Sep 133 

LPA MacProlog,/M« 162 

MacBrain, Feb 207, Dec 85 

microExplorer AI workstation, Aug 10, 

Oct 132 

Micro Explorer LISP coprocessor, Jul 79 
neural nerw^orks, Feb 207, Dec 85 
Smalltalk/V, Sep 133 
rule-based systems, Oct 132 
VP-Expert Mac, Nov 79 

Artisto, Sep 161 
ArtRoom, Apr 10, Aug 131 
Artware, Oct 124 

defined, Sep 295 
exchange of data via, Jan 34 
Ashes, Mar 29 
Ashes to Ashes, Aug 19 
Assistant Controller Accounting Series, 

Sep 167 

AST-ICP,7m« 128 
Astrology, Aug 143 

Astronomy, Macintosh used in quasar study, 
Dec 85 

AST Turboscan, yMif 111, Jan 167 
Audiocassette-based training, Jun 144 
AutoBlack, Macintosh II problems, Feb 46 
AutoCAD, Macintosh version, Aug 67 
AutoCalc upgrade, Dec 267 
Auto Floppy Log, Sep 123 
Auto-Sync 1019/SP color monitor, Nov 182 
A/UX, Oct 149 

Ethernet connection, /Mif 128 
FirePower coprocessor, Aug 9 
interfaces, Jul 85 
introduction to, Oct 149 
POSDC, Dec 89 

proposed enhancements. May 8 
Aztec C, Sep 393 

BackPac 40 hard disk, Apr 195 
BackSpan, Sep 3S>6 

Back to Basics Professional Accounting, 
Sep 167, Dec 267 

Backup utilities, Feb 188, Mar 175, Apr 123, 

197, Jun 167, Sep 226, Nov 136, 393 

BakerForms, May 8 

BarButton XCMD, Sep 338 

BBS. See Online services 

Beam Mac, Mar 140 

Bede Tech Printer Silencer, Dec 137 

Bering Totem II drive, Nov 136 

Bernoulli Box II, Nov 136, Dec 255 

Best Answer, Mar 10, Dec 196 

Best Course of Action, Sep 220 

Beyond Dark Castle,/Mf 151, Dec 121 

Beyond Zork, Dec 121 

Bible, search, Sep 42 

Bibliographic management, Sep 240 

Big Bin 1000 sheet feeder, Jun 129 

Big Picture IQ monitor, Jan 95, May 130 

Big Picture monitor. May 130, Jul 24 

Big screens. See Large screens 

Big Top monitor. Mar 121 
Billing, Timeslips III, Oct 190 
Biplane, Apr 119, Sep 161 
Bird Anatomy, Sep 131, Nov 1 12 
Bit Pad Plus, Aug 57 
Blackhole MacTape/SCSI, Nov 136 
Blind Watchmaker, Mar 107, Oct 170 
BMUG on HyperCard catalog, Oct 14 

accelerator, Feb 137, Apr 8, Jul 85, Aug 96, 

Sep 123, 230, Oct 184 

accelerator for Macintosh Plus, Aug 96 

Actinet II, Sep 20 

ColorBoard 1/104, Apr 1 73 

ColorBoard 64, Aug 89, Sep 142 

ColorBoard 100, Sep 142 

ColorBoard 104, Apr 173, Aug 89, Aug 141 

ColorBoard 244, Aug 63 

Color Capture, Dec 83 

Color Freeze-24, Dec 83 

Color Space II video, Apr 173, Sep 142, Dec 83 

color video, May 113, Aug 89, Aug 141 

ColorView, May 111 

ColorVue SE, Sep 232 

Comtrex Mac II-TV interface, Sep 142 

DoubleTime-l6 accelerator, Sep 230 

EtherPort SE, May 1 74 

EtherPort IIL network interface card, Oct 13 

FirePower coprocessor, Aug 9 

FrameGrabber, Aug 63 

frame grabbers, Dec 83 

GPIB interface, Apr 31 

Julian Systems NTSC Converter, Aug 55, 

Sep 142 

Jump 020 accelerator, Aug 96 
LaserWriter accelerator, Apr 121 
MacAccelerator, Aug 96 
iMacEngine GT accelerator, Aug 96 
MacEngine Turbo accelerator, Aug 96 
Macintosh II 4-bit video, Ai4g 89 
Macintosh II 8-bit video, Attg 89 
Macintash II logic board upgrade, Jun 10 
Macintosh II-T\^-Video, Apr 1 73 
Mac+PC SE, Sep 248 
Mac286, Oct 271 
Magic020 accelerator, Aug 96 
McCray, Sep 123 
MegaShot, Apr 1 73 

Mercury MC3200NU array processor, Sep 123 

Micro Explorer LISP coprocessor, Jul 79 

MSC Color Display Card, Apr 1 73 

NTSC Converter, Apr 1 73 

Nutmeg 256, Jul 9 

NuView, Dec 83 

Nu Vista, Apr 173, May 121, Sep 142 
( continues) 

298 February 1989 




(vol 13/14) ACompen(Sum o( Ency* 
ck»e<fc images; areals, plantfife. 
peopte. turrwf'the centuiy lifestyles. 

(vd 5/6) Modem Bne-art and crisp, 
digitaed ^ages ot animals (and lots 
of them!), camping, fishing, hunting, 
and the great outdoors. 

(vol 3/4) Contemporary: food, s^. 
people, housewares, office, nec^. 

1 mBRary. computers. 
tion, hofidays, symbols and borders. 


Each WetPaint 

volume contains an extensive collection of useful 
pictures, icons, borders, maps and patterns— in a 
wide variety of styles, designed for both home 
and business use. 

WetPaint files can be read read by painting 
programs (like FullPaintru, MacPaintiu, Super- 
Paintru) and applications like PageMakeriM. 
WetPaint is also available in PictureBaserM 
format at an additional $30 per volume. 

Even If you don’t cwn a painting program, you 
can still copy pictures directly from WetPaint 
files using our ArtRoundupiu desk accessory- 
included Free with every Wetpaint volume! And 
ArtRoundup's new Slideshow tool is a great 
way to scan hundreds of images in minutes. 

volume Is 

chocked full of what MacUser magazine 
describes as “the Best collection of 
ImageWriter fonts available." We just 
made the Best even Better! All World 
Class Fonts volumes have now been re- 
designed to achieve even better results on 
the ImageWriter LQ and LaserWriter SC. 

The Originals & Styiish volumes 
range from practical text and symbol 
fonts to striking display faces. The 
Giants are ultra-large sizes ideally 
suited for high-resolution printing 
and creating desktop presentations. 

Our fonts install easily using the Font/ 

DA Mover, included along with our 
handy BigCapsiu desk accessory 
which replaces Apple’s Keycaps and 
can display any font in any size or 
style— even uninstalled fonts! 


I m/fTiM 

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NY Heads 

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Waberbury OCR 


LwerWrtter users: 
This volume has ultra- 

quadruple sees of ihe 

">osl popular fonts from 

Each volume is three BOOK disks. 
$79.95 suggested retail. 

©1988 Dubl-Click Software, Inc. ♦ 9316 Deering Avenue Chatsworth, CA 91311 (818) 700-9525 Pacific Std. Time 

Circle 155 on reader service card 

Macworld 1988 Annual Index 

PCPC n Graphics System, Aug 89 
PhotoMac, Dec 83 
Prodigy 4 accelerator, Aug S)6 
Prodigy' SE accelerator, Mar 38 
QuickCapture, Apr 1 73 
Radius Accelerator Aug 96 
RasterOps 24-bit ColorBoards, Mar 8 
Rembrandt color, Apr 1 73 
68030 accelerator boards, Apr 8, Jul 85 
Specirum/8 Series II, Dec 95 
Spectrum/8 Video, Aug 89 
Spectrum/24 color, Apr 1 73 
SpeedCard accelerator, Sep 230 
Tektronix TL88K-P, Jul 9 
32-bit color, May 121 
TrueCapture, Dec 83 
TSI-020 accelerator, Aug 96 
TV Producer, Apr 1 73, Jul 81 
24-bit video, Aug 63, 141, Dec 91 
video, Apr 173, May 121, Jul 81, Aug 63, 141, 
Sep 142, 232, Dec 83 
Boich, Mike, interview, Mar 81 
Bomb icon 

guide to error numbers DA, Sep 161 
restarting after, Oct 215 
BPI Entry Series Accounting Computer, 

Sep 167 

Brainerd, Paul, interview, Oct 73 
Brainstorm memory upgrades, Feb 137 
Brilliant Color photo service, Sep 133 
Browser, Sep 161 
Buffers, printer, Jun 129 
Buick Dimension, Jan 12 
Bulk Mailer, Apr 239 
Bulletin boards. See Online services 
Business Advantage, Oct 190 
Business cards, Mac Il-produced, Sep 133 
Business Class, Nov 1 12 
Business Filevislon,yMn 136 
Business LaserPrinter,/nw 119 
Business Sense, / m/ 141, Sep 167 

Cables, Jan 132 
CacheCard, Jan 93 
Cache Control, Apr 204 
Cache n, Jan 195 

CAD,/m/ 118, Aug 15, 185. Architectural 

applications; Engineering; Graphics 
Archicad, Dec 108 
AutoCAD, Mac version, Aug 67 
BackSpan, Sep 396 
CADMover, Mar 140 
Claris CAD, Dec 99 
computer-aided manufaauring, Jul 81 

Design Dimensions, May 115, Dec 267 
Dimensions,/rtw 753, Dec 108 
Douglas CAD/CAM Professional System, 

Jun 95, Oct 176 

Dreams, Aug 59, 185 

Easy3D, Dec 108 

file formats, Aug 185 

finite element analysis, Mar 140, 180 

Generic CADD Level 1, Mar 113 

GM Sunraycer design. Apr 1 19 

introduaion to, Aug 185 

kitchen design, Jun 101 

LSI Pentagon CAD, Jul 118 

MacArchitrion, Sep 16. Oct 87, Dec 108 

MacDraft,/#!/ 118 

MacDraw II, Mar 115 

Macintosh II workstation, -Fefr 164 

MacPerspective, Sep 3S>4, Dec 108 

Mac3D, Dec 108 

MGMStation./w/ 118, Aug 185 

MGMStation CAD, Oct 32, 272 

MiniCad, Mar 242, Apr 42. Jul 118, Aug 185, 

Sep 394 

ModelShop, Dec 108 
MSC/pal, Mar 140, 180 
ncCAD/ncCAM, Jul 81 
overview./ii/ 118 
PEGASYS I,/m/ 118 
PEGASYS II, Aug 185 
Pentagon CAD, Aug 185 
PowerDraw,/i<f 118, Aug 185, Sep 394 
Pro3D, Dec 108 
Simul, May 11 7, Jul 137 
Snap, Apr 259, Jul 118 
SpaceEdit, Dec 108 
Super 3D, Nov 154, Dec 108 
Swivel 3D, Sep 55, Oct 93, Dec 108 
VersaCAD/Macintosh Edition,/w/ 118, 157, 
Aug 185, Sep 396 
Cad Calculator, Sep 161 
CADMover, Mar 140 
CalComp 1023/1043GT/1044GT plotters, 

Sep 182 

Calculator Construction Set, Sep 161 
Calculator+, Sep I6l 
Calculus, Aug 123 
Camera, Sep 161 
Campbell, Bill, interview, / m/ 57 
Canadian user groups. May 39 
Canvas,7rtw 157, 247, Mar 240, Sep 151 
editing in landscape orientation, Aug 176 
Capture,/MW 166 
Card/Fax 1988, Sep 393 

Cards. Boards 

Carriage returns, removing, Jul 215 
Cat Mac, May 229 
Catalogers, May 229 

CDC Enterprises memory upgrade, Feb 137 
CDFNs,Jan 195 

AppleCD SC drive, Nov 152 
dip art, Apr 10, Aug 131 
Comstock Desktop Photography, Oct 13 
disks, Apr 158 
HyperCard interface, Jul 81 
introduaion to, Apr 154 
LOTS CD-ROM, Dec 182 
NEC Intersea CDR-77 drive, Aug 10 
photograph colleaion, Oct 13 
public domain software, Jun 10 
Toshiba XM-2100-A-Mac drive, Aug 10 
Celestial Wind Carillons Catalog, Nov 112 
Cell Biology, yi/n 107 
CG 400-PS printer,/i/if 119 
Chameleon, Aug 125 
Charts, Jan 227 

Microsoft Excel, May 204 
presentations, Apr 136 
CheapBeeps, 195 
Checkmark MultiLedger, Sep 167 
Cheese ball, use of leftover SIMMs in, Aug 1 76 
Chinese (teaching), Nov 112 
Chooser, yc?« 195 

Chuck Yeager’s Advanced Flight Simulator, 
Dec 121 

CIS Navigator, Feb 212 

Bill Campbell, interview, /ii/ 57 
Claris CAD, Dec 99 
commentary, /Mil 57 
CHck & CUp 500, y«w 143, Oct 124 
CUckArt, Oct 124 

HyperCard format, Jul 77 
ClickArt EPS Images, Jan 143 
Client stack, Nov 71 
Clip art, Oct 124 

Ad/Art/Plus, Oct 124 

Adobe Collector’s Edition, Oct 124 

Art Department CD ROM,Af/g 131 

ArtDisks, Oct 124 

ArtRoom, Aug 131 

Artware, Oct 124 

Bede Tech, Oct 124 

CD ROM, Apr 10 

Click & Clip 500, y«« 143, Oct 124 
ClickArt, Oct 124 

( continues) 

300 February 1989 

Tools of 
Hie Trade 

QuarkXPress” makes your 
Macintosh a powerful design and 
production system... with features and 
capabilities that address the real-world 
needs of today’s graphic arts profes- 

It’s the right tool for anyone who 
cares about fine typography and layout 
accuracy. Such as support for global 
tracking in increments of 1/200 of an 
em space. Or leading that can be 
specified as precisely as 1/1000 of a 
point. In short, the kind of precision 
that designers have come to expect in 
excellent typesetting. 

And when it's time to put your 
design on press, QuarkXPress makes 
your job easier. Because Version 2 
now supports the PANTONE®* 
MATCHING SYSTEM and advanced 
color features. So moving your idea 
from tissue to mechanical art will take 
a little less time. And a lot less effort. 

To learn more about QuarkXPress 
and see a demonstration, call 
1-800-356-9363. Or see your author- 
ized Quark dealer. 





[ Spparation-^ 

tz \ - H 


Quark and QuarkXPress are 
trademarks of Quark, Inc. 

• PANTONE is a registered trademark 
of Pantone, Inc. Pantone Inc.'s 
check-standard trademark for color 
reproduction and color reproduction 

Circle 295 on reader service card 

Macworld 1988 Annual Index 

ClickAn EPS Images, Jan 143 

Compuset Clip Art Disk 1, Oct 124 

DavkaGraphics, Oct 124 

DeskTop Art, Oct 124 

Digit Art, Jan 143, Oct 124 

Dinosaur Bytes, Dec 137 

DiskArt Clip Art, Oct 124 

Drawings by Leonardo, Oct 124 

HyperCard, / m/ 77 

Images with Impact, Oct 124 

Japanese Clip Art, Oct 124 

Kwikee Inhouse Graphic System, Jan 143, 

^31f Oct 124 
Mac Art Library, Oct 124 
MacAtlas, Feh 307, Oct 124, 271 
Maccessories Graphic Accents, Oct 124 
MacGaller>^ Oct 124 
Mac the Knife, Oct 124 
McPic, Oct 124 
Metro ImageBase, y«/ 79 
Moonlight Artworks, Oct 124 
on CD ROM,At4g 131 
overview, Oct 124 
PICTures, Oct 124 
Past-Art, Jan 143, Oct 124 
Postcards, Sep 238 
PostScript forniat, Jan 143 
Q-Art, Oct 124 

Religious Art Portfolio, Oct 124 
Sunshine Graphics Library, y«/ 165, Oct 124 
U.S. Presidents, Oct 124 
Visual Arts, Oct 124 
WetPaint series, Oct 124 
Ciyi,y//;/ 101, Sep 20, Nov 13 
Clothing design on Macintosh, Jun 99 
GLUT, May 211 

CMS Enhancements SD20 hard disk, Dec 127 

CMS Enhancements TapeStack, Nov 136 

CMS SD102k hard disk,/M/ 161 

CMS SDl40k hard disk,/w/ 95 

Cognate, Aug 227, Oct 132 

Cognitron, Dec 85 

The Colony, Dec 121 

Color, Apr 1 73, May 211 

boards, Apr 173, Sep 142, Dec 83 

CclorBoard 1/104, Apr 173 

ColorBoard 64, Aug 89, Sep 142 

ColorBoard 100, Sep 142 

ColorBoard 104, Apr 173, Aug 89, 141 

ColorBoard 244, Aug 63 

Color Capture board, Dec 83 

CoIorCutter, Feb 207 

Color Freeze-24, Dec 83 

Colon zer, yr?;/ 195, May 239, Jun 166, Aug 19, 

Dec 137 

Color Space II video board, Apr 173, Sep 142, 
Dec 83 

ColorVue SE board, May 111, Sep 232 
graphics, Nov 37 

introduction to, Apr 173, May 211 
Mac SE, May 111 
MSC Color Display Card, Apr 1 73 
NuVista board, Apr 1 73 
printing, y«« 12, Oct 164 
QuickDraw, Mar 8, 47 
Rembrandt card, Apr 1 73 
scanner, May 12 
Spectrum/24 card, Apr 1 73 
24-bit board, Apr 1 73 
32-bit board, Apr 1 73, Dec 91 
video boards, yiaw 101, May 113, Aug 89, 141 
ColorBoard 1/104, Apr 1 73 
ColorBoard 64, Aug 89, Sep 142 
ColorBoard 100, Sep 142 
ColorBoard 104, Apr 173, Aug 89, 141 
ColorBoard 244, Aug 63 
Color Capture board, Dec 83 
CoIorCutter, Feb 207 

CoXoriLCVy Jan 195, May 239, Jun 166, Aug 19, 
Dec 137 

Color separations 
CoIorCutter, Feb 207 
LaserPaint Color \\,Jul 75 
Colorspace n video board, Apr 1 73, Sep 142, 
Dec 83 

ColorVue SE board. May 111, Sep 232 
Comic Strip Factory, Sep 151 
Command key symbol, typing, Sep 279 
Comment, Oct 271, Nov 293 
Communications, Dec 140. See also E-mail; IBM 
PC-Macintosh conneaivity; Modems; Networks; 
Online services; Terminal emulation 
Acknowledge, Jun 99, Dec 140 
AppleLink — Personal Edition, Aug 9 
CUlJun 101, Sep 20, Nov 13 
Communications Toolbox, Nov 13 
CompuServe, Feb 212, Mar 235, Dec 180 
Dashboard, Nov 83 
DaynaMail, Dec 91 

EtherPort IIL network interface card, Oct 13 
FidoNet, Feh 129 

IBM mainframes-Mac, Jun 101, Sep 16 

IBM PC terminal emulation, iMar 1 78 

InBox, Oct 12, Dec 91 

inTalk, Dec 140 

introduaion to. Sep 295 

Katmandu, Sep 16 

MacAPPC, Sep 16 

MacLinkPlus, Sep 3S>4 

MacNet, Sep 244 

iMacTell, Feb 129, Nov 160, Dec 140 

Microphone II, Apr 239, Sep 208, Dec 140 

NetWare, Oct 89 

over\4ew, Dec 140 

packet radio link, Apr 117 

PCMacTemi, Dec 192 

PCOX/Coax-M,/M/ 167 

Portal Communications, Jan 1 1 

QuickMail, Dec 91 

QuickShare, yiaw 12 

Red Ryder, Dec 140 

SmartCom II, Dec 140 

TabbyNews, Feh 129 

TeleNode, Nov 164 

Timbuktu, Sep 16, 164, 396, Oct 178 

Timbuktu Remote, Oct 41 

TOPS, Mar 223 

Usenet, yci;z 11 

VAX -Mac,/nw 128, Mar 140, 213, Oct 13 
VersaTerm-Pro. Dec 140 
VMacS, Oct 272 

Communications Toolbox, Nov 13 
Community, Mar 140 

Complete HyperCard Handbook, Jan 99, Jul 75 

CompuServe, Mar 235 

CompuServe Navigator, Feb 212, Dec 180 

CompuSkctch, Sep 42 

Computer-aided design. See CAD 

Computer Clironicles, Jul 79 

Computer Lib/Drcam Machines, Jun 105 

Computers & You, Oct 19 

Computer Scrabble, Mar 183 

Computer Tool Kit, Dec 137 

ComServe, Mar 1 77 

Comstock Desktop Photography CD, Oct 13 
Comtrex Mac n-TV interface, Sep 142 
ComVest, Mar 59 
Concertware+MIDI,ynif 163 
Concise Guide to HyperTalk, Jul 75 
Conrac Model 7250 color monitor, Aug 89 
Conrac Model 7351 color monitor, Ai/g 89 
Consulting services, HyperCard Guide to Mac 
Con.sultants, Oct 32 
Control Panel, yrt« 195, Sep 161 
ordering items in, Aug 176 
Copyrights, Trademarks & Patents, Nov 1 12 
Copy II Mac, Jan 247 
Course of Action, Sep 220 
Courseware, Sep 220 

Crate Technology ST225N hard disk, Dec 127 
Cray-Macintosh interface, Jan 99 
Cricket Draw,y«w 138, Feb 197, Mar 240 
form design in. Feb 275 


302 February 1989 

From Origin, source of the classic, 
award-winning Ultima^*^ series, comes 

if A futuristic, fast-paced strategy role 
Wji playing game by Lord British and 
^ Chuckles. Based on the / J 
Y award-winning Car 
' Wars® board game / ^ 

by Steve Jackson. // \ f-. 

Drive the 

freeways of the future where i 

the right of way goes to the biggest gun. Somewhere 
within the 16 cities and outlaw-infestea highways are the 
clues you will need to complete the ultimate mission. 

Step into the arena on Amateur Night and earn the 
right to custom-build your combat vehicles. 

The AADA will offer you courier missions. The FBI 
and the underworld will vie for favors. But watch out! To 
survive you’ll need road experience, the ability to decipher 

even a clone. 

clues, gambling skills, money, a super car 

The final gauntlet will test your tactical skills and hair I ittOBi 

trigger reactions to the limit. But with triumph comes honor, and entry into the 
elite circle of AutoDuel lists. The challenge of AutoDuel® awaits you. Are you ready? 

136-B HARVEY ROAD. LONDONDERRY. NH 03053 (603) 644-3360 

Ultima®V Ultima®IV Moebius™ Times of Lore™ 

The latest in the The first part Exotic fantasy A unique blend 

award-winning of the Avatar's featuring 3-D of role-playing 

Ultima saga. $59.95* fantastic tale. $59.95* martial arts combat. $39.95* and arcade action. $39.95* 

Available for; IBM-PC / Tandy / compatibles. Apple II Series. Commodore 84/128, Amiga, Atari-ST and Macintosh. To get your copy of these games, ( 1 ) visit your local retailer, (2) call 1 -800-999-4939 Sam to 5pm 
EST to order by VISA'MC, or (3) mail check (U.S. $) or VISAA^C #, cardholder name and exp. date to ORIGIN 136 -B Harvey Road,iOfHtondefTy, NH 03053. 'Add S2.50 shipping and handling to above prices. 
Allow 1 -2 weeks for delivery. 

Circle 420 on reader service card 

Macworld 1988 Annual Index 

Cricket Graph, Apr 239, Jun 189, Nov 263 
plotting FORTRAN files in, Oct 215 
Cricket Presents, Feb 133, Oct 158 
Crunch XFCN, Sep 338 
Ciystal Paint,/«/ 157 
Ciystal Quest, Mar 113, Apr 193, Dec 121 
Curator,/fm 161 
Curlers, Sep 279 

Curly quotes, typing, Apr 144, May 203, Sep 279 
Curve Fit-Plot, Nov 112 
Customer support,yan 121 


Danny Goodman’s HyperCard Developer’s 

Guide, Sep 16 

DAs. See Desk accessories 

Dashboard, Nov 83 

Dashes, em- and en-, Feb 260 


AfFiniFile, Sep 161 
Business Filevision,7Mii 136 
converting to HyperCard, Jan 209 
dBase Uzcjan 101, Mar 170, Jul 10, 

Sep 317, Oct 140 
dBase UI, Mar 115 

Double Helix II, Apr 10, Oct 140, Dec 156 
FileMaker 4, Sep 13 

FileMaker Plus, Feb 275, Jun 136, Sep 13 
FileMaker II, Oct 271, Nov 148 
lstDesk,7flii 162, Sep 46 
lstFi\e,Jun 136, Sep 46, Sep 50 
4th Dimension, Apr W, May 168, Jul 189, 

Oct 140 

FoxBase+/Mac, Mar 115, Sep 210, Oct 
140, 271 

HyperCard as. Mar 121, Aug 63 
Informix-SQL, Mar 140 
Inside Out, Feb 219 

Macintosh-IBM PC file exchange, Jul 215 

Microsoft File,/«ii 136 

multiuser. May 163 

Omnis 3 Plus, Oct 140 

overview, /iiif 136 

OverVue,/iifi 136 

RecordHolder Plus,/Mn 136 

Reflex Plus,3far 173, Jun 136 

Retriever, Nov 1 72 

SequeLink, Mar 140 

SQL access, Aug 55 

Track, Apr 121 

VAX-based, accessing, Mar 140 

Data Cell 150 hard disk,/u/^5 

Data compression, Apr 206 
MacSqz,/«l 139 
Packit III, Apr 206 
Slumt, Mar 177 

DataCopy scanners,/(«#f 111, May 36 

Data Desk Professional, Oct 188 

DataFile 40/150 tape drives,/M« 167, Nov 136 

DataFrame XP 150 hard disk,/n/ 95 

DataGlove, Jan 89 

Data Pak drive, Nov 136 

Data Pak hard disk, Sep 220 

DataPort SCSI port, Feb 137 

Datastream tape drive, Nov 136 

DataWorm drive, Nov 136 

Dave’s Stack, Nov 1 12 

DavkaGraphics, Oct 124 

DaynaFile, Jul 215 

DaynaFile disk drive, Feb 204 

DaynaMail, Dec 91 

DBase Mac, Jan 101, Mar 1 70, Jul 10, Sep 31 7, 
Oct 140 

Runtime, Jul 10 

DBase m, Macintosh compatibility with, Mar 115 
Death Mall 3000, Nov 71 
Debugger, TMON, Feb 203, Sep 396 
DF.Cnet, Jan 128, Mar 140, 214 
DeleteFile XFCN, Sep 335 
Dental charts, Jan 95 
Deprotect, Mar 119, Nov 71 
Design Dimensions, May 115, Dec 267 
Design/OA, Aug 227 
Desk accessories, Sep 161 
Acta, Sep 161 

AffiniFile,/«n 159, Sep 161 
Alarm Clock, Sep 161 
Appointment Diary, Sep 161 
Artisto, Sep 161 
BiPlane, Apr 119, Sep 161 
Browser, Sep 161 

Calculator Construction Set, Sep 161 
Calculator+^ep 161 
Camera, Sep 161 
Canvas DA, Sep 151 

Control Panel, 195, Aug 176, Sep l6l 

dCad Calculator, Sep 161 

DeskPaint, Mar 174, Sep 151, 161, Dec 267 

DiskTools II, Sep 161 

DiskTop, May 229, 239, Sep 161 

Font/DA Juggler, Sep 161 

Gofer, Sep 161 

HeapShow, Sep 161 

HyperDA, Apr 12, Sep 252, Nov 293 

Joli write, Sep I6l 

keeping open in HyperCard, May 207 

Key Caps, Jan 195, Feb 243 
Kiwi Envelopes, /MW 160 
LaserStatus, Sep 161 
McSink,i4Mg 119 
MiniWriter, Sep 161 
MockWrite, Sep 161 
overview, Sep 161 

Programmer’s Online Companion, Sep 161 
QuickDex, Sep 161 

resuming HyperCard without closing, Sep 279 
Retriever, Nov 1 72 
Smart Alarms, Sep I6l 
SmartScrap, Sep 161 
Suitcase, Sep 161 
Sun Clock, Dec 137 
System Errors, Sep 161 
Tempo II, Sep 161 
Timbuktu, Sep 16, 161, Oct 41, 178 
Windows, May 207 
WindowsDA, May 207 
WordCount, Sep 161 
Word Finder, Feb 206, Sep 161 
DeskPaint, Mar 174, Sep 151, 161, Dec 267 
Desktop, rebuilding quickly on giant hard disk, 

DeskTop Art, Oct 124 

Desktop Express, checking addresses in. May 29 
Desktop Help,/fi/ 169 
Desktop Manager, Apr 8 

Desktop publishing, Feb 253, Apr 162, Oct 107. 
See also PageMaker; ReadySetGo 
Adobe Publishing Packs, May 12 
choosing page-layout program, Apr 162 
Design Sense video, May 12 
font overview, Apr 144 
Interleaf Publisher, Apr 162, May 166 
introduction to, Feb 253 
JustText, Apr 162 
MacKtav, Aug 10 
MacPublisher III, Apr 162 
MacTeX, Apr 162, Jun 151 
magazine, 37 
Microsoft Word,7«/ ^28 
music textbook, Apr 135 
Quark XPress, Mar 242, Apr 162, Sep 20, 

Oct 220 

Ragtime, Apr 162 
Scoop, Mar 168, Apr 162 
TechScriber, /«/ 77 
Textures, Apr 162 
Desktop video. See Video 
Dest PC-Scan series, Jan 111 
Developer Stack, Nov 1 12, Dec 95 
Device servers. May 158 



February 1989 


Our Silentwriter'“ LC890 is the first desktop publishing printer that gives you both popular 
standards for creating graphics and type: true Adobe PostScript® and LaserJet Plus emulation. 

That alone would be enough to cause headlines. But we also added many 
more feamres to simplify desktop publishing. Like both Apple and IBM 

compatibility. PC Week stated, “the LC890 

NEC^ SOentM'Hter Printer Boasts 
PostScript, HP LaserJet Plus Emulation 

Thf new NEC SflemWriier 1 jC< 890 laser 
printer bmki new ground on sevemi fronts. 
Umti nofw^ buyers of litter jpr^crs ha^ 


NBOi 1X^890 printer, however, mnltes 
that Issue a moot point— and adds new 
mcaninf to the term **fuH featutedr NEC 
condaiwM MiAki Systems 

tenguaie w^’* 

is actually better than having both an Apple 
LaserWriter Plus and an HP LaserJet Plus on 
your desk.” Equally impressed, PC Magazine 
awarded it an “Editor’s Choice.” And cited it 
in their “Best of 1987” issue. 

And because the Silentwriter has a simple 
trouble-free printing mechanism, it will be creating headlines for years to come. In fact, it’s twice 
as reliable as ordinary lasers, with an average life of 600,000 pages. 

If you don’t require the power of our LC890, con- 
sider the LC860 Plus for text and less complex graphics. 

To start producing your own headlines, 
caU 1-800-343-4418 (in MA 617-264-8635). 

We’ll send you reprints of all the great 
reviews and the name of the NECIS dealer 
nearest you. 



Computers and Communications 

NEC Information Systems, Dept. 1610, 1414 Massachusetts Ave., Boxborough, MA 01719. 

Reprinted from PC Magazine Jan. 12, 1988. © 1987 Ziff Communications Company. 

Macworld 1988 Annual Index 

Diagnostic Package, Apr 123 
Dial-in Ncm’ork Access, Aug 227 
Dialog boxes, Apr 211 

escape shortcuts, Apr 204, 211 
Digital Darkroom, Aug 82, Sep 123, Oct 1 16 
Digital signal processing. Mar 107 
Digital Starter Set, Jun 95 
Digit-Art, Oct 124 
Digit Art Laser Graphics, /(Cn; 143 
Digitized sound. See Sound 
Digitizers. See Scanners 
Dimensions,/rt#i 153 
Dimensions /Vnimations, Sep 142 
Dinosaur Bytes, Dec 137 
Direct Drive \6Q,Jul 95 
DirectTape drive, Nov 136 
Disk drives. See also CD ROM; Hard disks; Tape 

AppIeCD SC, Nov 152 
Apple PC 5.25 Drive, Jul 215, Feb 204 
DaynaFile, Feb 204 
MS-DOS floppy. Feb 204 
1.4MB, Nov 13 
removable storage, Nov 136 
WORM. Nov 136 
Disk duplicator, Alar 8 
Disk Express, Dec 235 
DiskFit, Feb 188, Mar 175, May 239 
DiskQuick, May 229 
Disk Ranger, May 229 
Disk servers, Alay 158 
Disks, floppy 

recovering crashed. Nov 180 
restoring damaged,.//// 145 
shelf life of, Dec 234 
Disk Tools Plus, Sep 393 
DiskTools n, Afay 229, Sep I6l 
DiskTop, May 229, 239, Sep 161 
Display PostScript, Jan 11, Apr 8 
Displays. See Monitors; Projectors 
DMP7 Pro, Mar 107 
DoList XCMD, Sep 335 
DoRestart XCMD, Sep 335 
Dollars & Sense, Sep 393 
DOS. See IBM PC-Maciniosh connectivity 
Double Helix n, Apr 10, Oct 140, Dec 156 
DoubleTime-l6 accelerator card, Sep 230 
Douglas OVD/CAM Professional System, Jun 
95, Oct 176 

Dove memory upgrades, Feb 137 

DPI 44 removable drive, Nov 136 

DragonSword, Feh 209 

Drawing programs. See Graphics 

Draw ings by Leonardo, Oct 124 

Draw It Again, Sam, May 1 73, 239, Sep 151 

Dreams, Aug 59, 185 
Drum File, Feb 307 
DS Backup, Feb 188, Sep 393 
DSP 1000, Alar 34 
Duck Hunt, Apr 31 
Dumbo, Sep 16 
Dust covers, Dec 137 
Dyaxis 1 6-bit sampler. Mar 34 
Dynamac EL, Feb 211 


Easy Access, Mar 204 
Easy Checks, Jul 262 
Easy3D, Dec 108 

AIDS,.///;/ 107 

Alphabet for Adults, Nov 112 

American Discovery, ywn 158 

Best Course of Aaion, Sep 220 

Blind Watchmaker, Alar 107, Oct 170 

Calculus, Aug 123 

Cell Biology, y//// 107 

Chinese (leaching), Nov 1 12 

Course of Action, Sep 220 

courseware authoring systems, Sep 220 

Election of 1912, Dec 85 

FingerSpell, Feh 209 

GradeBook, Oct 271 

KidsTime, Nov 293 

Laura’s Letters, Feh 209 

Macintoshes at Carnegie Mellon, Oct 14 

MathTalk, 178 

MaihTalk Fractions, 178 

Math Wizard, May 1 78 

Neurotour, Feb 209 

Parsifal,///// 107 

Physics,/aii 159 

Practica Music'a, Dec 164 

Puppy Love, Dec 137 

Russian lessons, Aug 59 

Shakespe^are Project, Nov 112 

TellStar, Dec 137 

Think Fast, Dec 137 

Wheels for the Mind, Apr 10 

Where in die World Is Carmen Sandiego?, 

Nov 174 

Educomp shareware catalog, Jan 12 
Eluiian Engineering memory upgrades, 

Feb 137 

Election of 1912, Dec 85 
Electra Guard surge supressors. May 184 
Elcctrohome ECM 1910 color monitor, Aug 89 
Electrohome ECM 1912 color monitor, Aug 89 

Electronic Clip Art Digest, Oct 124 
Electronic mail. See E-mail 
E-Machincs Tl6 color monitor, Oct 87 
E-Machines TX color monitor, Oct 87 
EMAC 20DL hard disk, Dec 127 
EMAC-60T tape drive, Nov 136 
E-mail, Alay 163, Dec 91 
Dashboard, Nov 83 
IBM PC-Macintosh, Dec 91 
InBox, Oct 12, Dec 91 
InierMail, //?// 105, Oct 41 
Microsoft Mail, Jun 130, Oct 41 
QuickMail,.///// 10, Dec 91, 190 
VAX-Mac, Mar 140 
VMS Mail, Mar 140 
Encryption utilities, Nov 186 
N’cr>pior, Dec 137 
NighlWatch. Nov 186 
P/C Privacy, Nov 186 
Sentinel, Feb 218, Nov 186 
Endline, Apr 203 

Engineering, Aug 15. See also CAD 

Apple Engineering/Scieniinc Solutions Guide, 
Aug 10 

AutoCAD, Macintosh version, Aug 67 

Beam Mac, Mar 140 

CAD introduction, Aug 185 

CADMover, Mar 140 

finite element analysis, Mar 140, 180 

Frame Mac, Mar 140 

IGES translators, Mar 140 

Macintosh II workstation. Feb 164 

MSC/pal, Mar 140, 180 

Simul, May 117 

Engineering Workstation monitor holder, 
Feb 135 

Enter SP600 plotter, Sep 182 
Enter SPIOOO plotter, Sep 182 
Enter SP1800 plotter, Sep 182 
Entertainment. 5<?e Games 
Envelopes,///// 160 

printing on UserWriter, Jan 1 1 
EPS, defined, Feb 200 
Epson printers, using with .Mac, Nov 279 

editors, Apr 185 
Eureka: Ihe Solver, Apr 191 
Expressionist, Sep 38 
Esprit, clothing design on Mac, ///// 99 
EthcrLink,//i/j 128 

Ethernet,//!/! 128, Mar 214, Alay 158, 174